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Chapter 7 Line Models 1

Chapter 7
Line Models
7.1 Step-by-Step: Flexible Gripper
7.2 Step-by-Step: 3D Truss
7.3 More Exercise: Two-Story Building
7.4 Review
Chapter 7 Line Models Section 7.1 Flexible Gripper 2
Section 7.1
Flexible Gripper
Problem Description
[3] Actuation
direction (input).
[2] The ends are
connected to a rigid
ground (preventing
translations and
rotations).
[4] Gripping
direction
(output).
[1] The gripper is
made of POM.

P1(70, 0)

P2(90, 40)

P3(69,120)

P4(35,160)

P5(34,100)

P6(24, 60)

P7(0, 50)

X

Y
Chapter 7 Line Models Section 7.1 Flexible Gripper 3
Techniques/Concepts

Line bodies

Cross Sections

Cross Section Alignments

Cross Section Solids

Beam Elements

Symmetry Conditions

Geometric Advantage
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
H
o
r
i
z
o
n
t
a
l

D
i
s
p
l
a
c
e
m
e
n
t

(
m
m
)
Input Displacement (mm)
Chapter 7 Line Models Section 7.1 Flexible Gripper 4
52.24
52.26
52.28
52.30
52.32
0 125 250 375 500 625
O
u
t
p
u
t

D
i
s
p
l
a
c
e
m
e
n
t

(
m
m
)
Number of Elements
Convergence Study of Beam Elements
[1] In this exercise, we
meshed with 34
elements, resulting 52.335
mm of displacement.
[2] The displacement
converges to 52.381 mm.
Chapter 7 Line Models Section 7.2 3D Truss 5

200"
200"

75"

P1
P2

P3

P4

P5
P6

P7

P8

P9

P10

1

2
3

4

5

6
7

8
9

10

11

12
13

14

15
16

17

18
19

20

21

22

23

24

25
1
0
0
"
1
0
0
"

X

Y

Z

75"
Section 7.2
3D Truss
Problem Description
Design Loads for the Transmission Tower
Joint F
X
(lb) F
Y
(lb) F
Z
(lb)
P1 1,000 -10,000 -10,000
P2 0 -10,000 -10,000
P3 500 0 0
P6 600 0 0
Chapter 7 Line Models Section 7.2 3D Truss 6
Techniques/Concepts

Create points

Concepts>Lines From Points

Convergence of straight beam


elements
Chapter 7 Line Models Section 7.3 Two-Story Building 7
Section 7.3
Two-Story Building
Problem Description
[1] All beams and
columns are made
of structural steel,
with a cross
section of W16x50.
[2] The oor slabs
are made of reinforced
concrete, with a
thickness of 5".
[3] Each
oor-to-oor
height is 10'.

2
0
'

20'

20' 20'
Chapter 7 Line Models Section 7.3 Two-Story Building 8
Techniques/Concepts

Adjust Cross Section


Alignments

Concepts>Surface From
Edges

Use of Selection Panes

Flip Surface Normal

Form New Part

Import Engineering Data

Inertial>Standard Earth
Gravity

Inertial>Acceleration