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JoseCortez/SigiLopez

ReversePerspective

An illusion is an experience of seeming to see something that does not exist or that is other than
it appears. Our audience will be experiencing a visual illusion that uses angles to trick the mind
into seeing objects in the back when they are actually right in front of you. Angles, angle degrees,
and depth are used to trick the eyes and the mind into believing the opposite of what is true. New
research throws light on the tricks the brain plays on its owner as it struggles to make sense of
the visual and other sensory signals it constantly receives. If we created a digital copy of our
illusion, it might be a paradoxical illusion in the sense that it would look 3D in a 2D drawing. The
angular degrees, that take form when they become a 3D piece, are what sparked our illusion,
allowing it to work. Without angular movement, the illusion would not work, because as the visitor
shiftstheirpointofview,thischangesthesidescontainedintheirperspective.
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One of the first researchers to develop out how these mysteries worked was Euclid. He invented
the theory of vision. This was one of the first theories that involved math and art together. His
main goal was to research if a 3D perspective can be created in a 2D image. Euclid looked at
differentreasonswhythiswaspossible,untilheconfrontedareallyinterestingidea.

He combined visual perception of a color from two distinct viewpoints, where the lighter colors
imitate a light source. The neutral color imitates the forward facing face of the shape. The darker
colors imitate shading. This idea created new rules for how to imitate or create a 3D perspective.
These rules were not popular until the, 15th century by the Renaissance polymath Leon Battista
Alberti. This rule was backed by the concept of three sources of light, the x, y, and imitation z
planes.Thesecreatetheillusionofa3dimensionalobjectona2dimensionalsurface.
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http://pavlopoulos.wordpress.com/2011/04/27/reverseperspectiveinchristianiconography/

JoseCortez/SigiLopez

(Whereredisy,blueisx,andgreenisz.)
Today, researchers curiosity has increased in favor of proving if an easier and more thorough
way of creating 3 dimensional perspective. The concept is at the core of western art and of
such significance that there have even been controversial claims (the so called Hockney Falco
thesis, 2001) of the sharp advances depiction accuracy after the 15th century being more the
result of the parallel advances in optical technology (based upon the unique viewpoint principle)
rather than the development of freehand technique and technical skill. Wherein they determine
theseadvancesandcuriositieswerenotintendedtobeappliedtoreallifesituations.
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http://pavlopoulos.wordpress.com/2011/04/27/reverseperspectiveinchristianiconography/

JoseCortez/SigiLopez

This is where they found out about conventional and reverse linear perspective. The cube on the
bottom left shows the red side towards the viewer. The 1:3 ratio of the red, front facing neutral
side, is much smaller compared to the sides, showing different shades of highlighting. This
createstheillusionthattheviewerislookingatanobjectfromabove.

Anewtheorywascreatedafterthiswhichiscalledthelinearperspectivetheory.Thetheorysaid
thatanysetofparallellinesintersectingthepictureplaneshouldberenderedasasetoflines
convergingtoatheoreticalvanishingpoint.Ingeometrythistheoryprovedthatthereshould
alwaysbe3sidesina3Dperspectiveofacube.Alsothatyoucan'tshow4sidesofacubeat
thesametimebecausethatcan'thappen,andisconsideredaparadox.Thisexplainswhy
theresno4Dperspective.Overallthishelpedtoclearalltheconfusiononwhat'sconsidereda
perspective.
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http://chestofbooks.com/architecture/CyclopediaCarpentryBuilding710/images/DefinitionsAn
dGeneralTheoryPart3070083.jpg

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Pavlopoilos,T.(2011,April27).ReverseperspectiveinChristianiconography.Thepeacocks
tail.RetrievedJune3,2014,from
http://pavlopoulos.wordpress.com/2011/04/27/reverseperspectiveinchristianiconography/
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JoseCortez/SigiLopez
Youseehowinthesepicturethelinesaresetintodifferentsizesandanglesforeveryhouse.
Thatsa3Dperspective!

Nowthatyouhavelearnedaboutperspectiveletslearnmoreindepthaboutreverseperspective.
Asyoucanseeourillusionisareverseperspective.Youmightbethinkingrightnow...
Howisthatpossible?
Howdoyouseedepthwhenitsactuallygoingtowardsyou?

Wellitsactuallysimple:imagineyouhaveacubeandyoucanonlymeasureitsheightand
width.Thatmeansthatitsonlya2Dobject(Pictureontheleft).Wellnowthatyoucanmeasure
height,width,andlengthyouhavea3Dobject.
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Herearesomeexampleswhereperspectiveisbeingused...

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http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~barsky/perspective.html

JoseCortez/SigiLopez

ArchitectsuseArtificialPerspectiveindrawing,theyusethistofindoutanapproximate
representationonaflatsurfaceofanimageasitisperceivedbytheeye.Theirmostimportant
objectivesare...
Perspectiveistheviewfromaparticularfixedviewpoint.
Horizontalandverticaledgesintheobjectarerepresentedbyhorizontalsand
verticalsinthedrawing.
Linesleadingawayintothedistanceappeartoconvergeatavanishingpoint.
Allhorizontalsconvergetoapointonthehorizon,whichisahorizontallineateye
level.
Verticalsconvergetoapointeitheraboveorbelowthehorizon.
ArtistsuseaspecialtypeofperspectivecalledAerial,thisisatechniqueinpainting.Thishelps
artistsindicatedistancebycreatingatmosphereeffectsthatenhancethe3Dillusion.
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JoseCortez/SigiLopez
Aerialviewisalsocalledbird'seyeview,whichisaviewofanobjectfromahighaltitudepoint.

ApersoncalledDesarguesstudiedperspectivegeometryfromadifferentpointofview.He
mostlyfocusedonhowthegeometricfigurelooked.Hismainresearchwasfromaxiomsabout
points,linesandplanes.AnothersimplerwaytosayAxiomsaretheaxis.Helookedatdifferent
figuresandwasquestionedwhydofigureschangewhenyouseethemfromdifferent
viewpoints.

Reflection

Inthisprojectweuseddifferentmathconceptstounderstandthisdifficultsubject.The
firstconceptthatweusedwastolookatthemathindifferentwaysonewaslookingatit
asvisuallywithgeometryanddifferentanglemeasurements

Bibliography
Pavlopoilos,T.(2011,April27).ReverseperspectiveinChristianiconography.Thepeacocks
tail.RetrievedJune3,2014,from
http://pavlopoulos.wordpress.com/2011/04/27/reverseperspectiveinchristianiconography/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perspective_(visual)

http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~barsky/perspective.html
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JoseCortez/SigiLopez