65 views

Uploaded by api-19508046

- Data Mining
- Friction stir welding
- Dsp Lab Report
- BROKEN ROTOR BAR FAULT DIAGNOSIS OF INDUCTION MOTOR BY SIGNAL PROCESSING TECHNIQUES
- Frequently Asked Questions __ Advanced Concepts (Wavelet Tool..
- A Combination of Wavelet Artificial Neural Networks Integrated with Bootstrap Sampler in Time Series Prediction
- wiki DSP
- Digital FIR Low-Pass Filter Design by Yankee Bush Software LLC - 2015
- Pattern Recognition Approach for Fault Identification in Power
- Ele App Mech
- 346239258 Network Analysis Van Valkenburg Free eBook PDF
- Px c 3877073
- 27.251.145.3 Events Events2014 Phample12 01 Modern Trends
- dsp
- 01495429
- Fpga Manual
- IJMSE10007-20111124-091641-8991-580[1]
- Neural Network
- Progressive Significant Map under EZW
- Image Based Detection of Defected Vegitables

You are on page 1of 9

High-Impedance Arcing Faults in Transmission

Lines Using the Wavelet Transform

Chul-Hwan Kim, Member, IEEE, Hyun Kim, Young-Hun Ko, Sung-Hyun Byun,

Raj K. Aggarwal, Senior Member, IEEE, and Allan T. Johns, Senior Member, IEEE

Abstract—This paper describes a novel fault-detection so in view of the fact that apart from threatening the reliability

technique of high-impedance faults (HIFs) in high-voltage trans- of the electric power supply, these faults pose a risk of fires and

mission lines using the wavelet transform. Recently, the wavelet endanger life through the possibility of electric shock.

transform (WT) has been successfully applied in many fields. The

technique is based on using the absolute sum value of coefficients Most conventional fault-detection techniques for HIF mainly

in multiresolution signal decomposition (MSD) based on the involve processing information based on the feature extraction

discrete wavelet transform (DWT). A fault indicator and fault of post-HIF current and voltage. Several researchers in recent

criteria are then used to detect the HIF in the transmission line. years have presented results aimed at detecting HIF more effec-

In order to discriminate between HIF and nonfault transient tively. Hitherto, the algorithms developed include the current

phenomena, such as capacitor and line switching and arc furnace

loads, the concept of duration time (i.e., the transient time period), ratio method [3], the high-frequency method [4], the off-har-

is presented. On the basis of extensive investigations, optimal monic current method [5], the neural network and Kalman fil-

mother wavelets for the detection of HIF are chosen. It is shown tering method [1], [6]–[8]. S.J. Huang [9] has proposed an HIF

that the technique developed is robust to fault type, fault inception detection technique [10], [11] for distribution systems, which

angle, fault resistance, and fault location. The paper demonstrates uses a Morlet wavelet transform approach [12]. However, each

a new concept and methodology in HIF in transmission lines. The

performance of the proposed technique is tested under a variety of these techniques improves fault detection to a certain extent,

of fault conditions on a typical 154-kV Korean transmission-line but each has its drawbacks as well. Hitherto, a few techniques

system. (some available as commercial products) have been subjected

Index Terms—Fault detection, high-impedance arcing fault, to quite extensive testing in order to ascertain their effective-

transmission lines, wavelet transform. ness under different system and fault conditions.

It is well known that conventional Fourier transform-based

techniques (i.e., those which rely totally on spectrum analysis

I. INTRODUCTION of Fourier transform) do not possess the inherent time informa-

tion associated with fault initiation. The wavelet transform, on

H IGH-IMPEDANCE faults (HIFs) are, in general, difficult

to detect through conventional protection such as distance

or overcurrent relays. This is principally due to relay insensi-

the other hand, is useful in analyzing the transient phenomena

associated with transmission-line faults and/or switching op-

tivity to the very low level fault currents and/or limitations on erations. Unlike Fourier analysis, it provides time information,

other relay settings imposed by HIFs. This type of fault usually has the attribute of very effectively realizing nonstationary sig-

occurs when a conductor touches the branches of a tree having a nals comprising of low- and high-frequency components (such

high impedance or when a broken conductor touches the ground. as those commonly encountered in power systems networks)

In the case of an overcurrent relay, the low levels of current through the use of a variable windows length of a signal [13].

associated with HIF are below the sensitivity settings of the The advantages (particularly in terms of increased reliability

relay. In the case of a distance relay, which relies on an estima- and dependability) of a wavelet transform, which possesses

tion of impedance to fault based on the measured voltages and time and frequency information unlike the Fourier transform,

currents, the accuracy of the estimation (particularly in terms particularly in the detection of HIFs, are thus apparent, and

of relay overreach/underreach) can be significantly affected by one of these techniques is the subject of this paper. It should be

the high-impedance fault [1], [2]. HIFs, albeit uncommon, must noted that although wavelet analysis is more complex than other

nonetheless be accurately detected and removed. This is more signal-processing techniques, it is ideally suited for dealing

with nonstationary signals such as those encountered under

HIF arcing faults. This, in turn, enhances accuracy and reli-

Manuscript received April 24, 1999; revised February 14, 2002. This work ability in fault detection and the features can be applied to

was supported by the Korea Ministry of Science and Technology and Korea affecting fault-location techniques [14].

Science and Engineering Foundation.

C.-H. Kim, H. Kim, Y.-H. Ko and S.-H. Byun are with the School of Electrical This paper describes a new fault-detection technique which

and Computer Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon-city, 440-746, involves capturing the current signals generated in a transmis-

Korea and NPT Center, Korea (e-mail: chkim@yurim.skku.ac.kr) sion line under HIFs. It is shown that the technique improves the

R. K. Aggarwal and A. T. Johns are with the Department of Electronic and

Electrical Engineering, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, U.K. performance of HIF detection by employing the absolute sum

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/TPWRD.2002.803780 value based on the DWT. The detection process is performed

0885-8977/02$17.00 © 2002 IEEE

922 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 17, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2002

ment of the DWT (1) gives

(2)

that there is a remarkable similarity to the convolution equation

Fig. 1. Korean transmission system (154 kV) studied. for the finite-impulse-response (FIR) digital filters, therefore

(3)

By comparing (2) with (3), it is evident that the impulse

response of the filter in the DWT equation is

(4)

By selecting or ( ) and

, the DWT can be implemented by using a multistage

filter with the mother wavelet as the lowpass filter and its

dual as the highpass filter . Also, downsampling the output

of the lowpass filter by a factor of effectively scales

the wavelet by a factor of 2 for the next stage, thereby simpli-

fying the process of dilation.

The implementation of the DWT with a filter bank is com-

Fig. 2. Typical fault current waveform at relaying point (“a”-earth HIF, fault

, 10 km, Z = 300

).

at V

putationally efficient. The output of the highpass filter gives the

detailed version of the high-frequency component of the signal.

Also, the low-frequency component is further split to get the

through signal decomposition, thresholding of the wavelet

other details of the input signal. By using this technique, any

transform coefficients, and duration time. Threshold value is wavelet can be implemented [13].

determined by weighting the absolute sum value for one period

in a moving window scheme and this forms the basis of a

III. FAULT-DETECTION TECHNIQUE USING THE DWT

sophisticated decision logic for the limitation of a trip decision.

The results presented in this paper relate to a typical 154-kV A. Typical Waveforms Through Wavelet Transform Realization

Korean transmission line, the faulted signals of which are Fig. 1 shows a typical 154-kV Korean Transmission System

attained using the well known Electromagnetic Transients used in the simulation studies presented herein. It consists

Program (EMTP) software. The simulation also includes an of a 26-km line length terminated in two sources of 240 and

embodiment of a realistic nonlinear HIF model [15], [16]. The 180 MVA at ends P and Q, respectively; the nominal power

relay performance is then examined for HIF signals under a frequency is 60 Hz. The simulation of the power system has

variety of different system and fault conditions encountered been carried out using the well known EMTP. Within the sim-

in practice. ulation, an emulation of the nonlinear high-impedance arcing

faults has also been embodied [16]. Fig. 2 typifies the actual

II. DISCRETE WAVELET TRANSFORM current waveform (measured at end P but which has been scaled

Analogous to the relationship between continuous Fourier down through a CT) and is for an “a”-earth HIF at 10 km from

transform (FT) and discrete Fourier transform (DFT), the con- line-end P and is for a fault near , the distortion observed

tinuous wavelet transform (CWT) has a digitally implementable in the faulted “a” phase can be directly attributed to the highly

counterpart known as the DWT, and is defined as complex and nonlinear characteristics of the HIF arc path.

To aid the development of the fault-detection technique using

the DWT, wavelet transform realization has been employed

(1)

which determines a coefficient of d1 (detail one) using dif-

ferent mother wavelets from an actual current waveform. The

where is the mother wavelet, is the input signal, and mother wavelet considered is Daubechies (db)4, biorthogonal

the scaling and translation parameters “ ” and “ ” are functions (bior)3.1, coiflets (coif)4, and symlets (sym)5. Fig. 3 depicts

of integer parameter . The result is geometric scaling (i.e., the coefficient of d1 for different mother wavelets with the

) and translation by . DWT realization. The behavior of the DWT for this actual fault

This scaling gives the DWT a logarithmic frequency coverage current waveform is illustrated in Fig. 3(a)—(d) as expected.

and this is in marked contrast to the uniform frequency coverage All of the coefficients of d1 increase on fault inception and

of, for example, the short-time Fourier transform (STFT) [13]. there are small discernible differences in the DWT outputs

KIM et al.: HIGH-IMPEDANCE ARCING FAULTS IN TRANSMISSION LINES USING WAVELET TRANSFORM 923

Fig. 3. Coefficient of d1 under “a”-earth HIF using DWT (a) db4 mother wavelet. (b) sym5 mother wavelet. (c) bior3.1 mother wavelet (d) coif4 mother wavelet.

for the four different mother wavelets that are considered. 2) the classification ability between the faulted phase and the

The performance of the DWT realization was evaluated under healthy phase.

different fault types, fault inception angle, and fault location, In order to select the most suitable mother wavelet, the

and some of the results will be shown. It should be mentioned maximum sum value (this is over a 1-cycle period at power

that due to a limitation of space, only the coefficient associated frequency) of d1 coefficients based on wavelet analysis is

with “a”-earth HIF at 10 km is shown. adopted for this work. Consider, for example, the waveforms

shown in Fig. 4 which illustrate the maximum sum value of d1

coefficients of the three-phase current signals (as measured at

B. Selection of Mother Wavelet for HIF Detection the relaying point) for an “a”-earth HIF at a distance every 1

km from end P in Fig. 1. First of all, considering Fig. 4(a) (this

As a second step in fault-detection technique, selection of the

is based on the db4 mother wavelet), it is clearly evident that

mother wavelet is essential to enhance the performance of HIF

the maximum sum value of d1 coefficients is significantly

detection technique to extract the useful information rapidly.

larger for the faulted “a”-phase than for the two healthy

For the technique considered here, this process leads to an ac-

phases “b” and “c.” This is also true when employing sym5

curate classification between the faulted phase and the healthy

and bior3.1 mother wavelets [as evident from Fig. 4(b) and

phase in the first instance, thereby significantly improving the

4(c)], although the levels are somewhat smaller in the case

performance and speed of the HIF detection process. As men-

of the former. However, when employing the coif4 mother

tioned in the foregoing section, the mother wavelets considered

wavelet, although there is a discernible difference between the

are db4, bior3.1, coif4, and sym5. For comparison of the perfor-

levels attained for the faulted “a” phase and the two healthy

mances attained using different mother wavelets, two conditions

phases, in comparison to the previous three mother wavelets

are compared as follows.

considered, they are significantly lower. Also, equally important

1) a significant magnitude of d1 coefficient for detecting the is that the differences in magnitudes between the faulted and

fault; healthy phases in the case of coif4 is much smaller than the

924 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 17, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2002

Fig. 4. Variation in the maximum sum value of d1 coefficients for three-phase current signals (a) db4 mother wavelet (b) sym5 mother wavelet (c) bior3.1 mother

wavelet (d) coif4 mother wavelet.

corresponding other types of mother wavelets as apparent from sample number that signifies the duration time for which a

the graphs shown in Fig. 4, and this is true for all fault positions. transient event (such as HIF) has to persist continuously. This

Thus, with regard to the selection of the mother wavelet, the is to discriminate between HIF and nonfault transient events

simple criterion adopted herein is based on the magnitudes of such as capacitor and line switching, arc furnace loads, etc. As

the summated coefficients d1 and the differences in magnitudes can be seen, when is greater than or equal to FC, the

between the faulted and healthy phases. In this respect, after value of FI is incremented and as soon as it attains the level ,

a series of studies employing the foregoing d1 coefficients this indicates an internal fault and a trip signal is initiated. As

distribution approach, the db4 and sym5 are appropriate for shown in Fig. 5, the absolute sum value is based on

detection of HIF in transmission line. The db4 mother wavelet summating the d1 coefficients over a 1-cycle period and the

is chosen for this study. sampling rate employed is 3840 Hz (i.e., 64 samples/cycle at

60 Hz). The summated values associated the three phases are

C. Fault-Detection Algorithm compared with a preset threshold level FC. The whole process

Fig. 5 shows the fault-detection procedure of the proposed is based on a moving window approach where the 1-cycle

technique, where FI is a counter that signifies the sample window is moved continuously by one sample.

number (and, therefore, the time period) for which useful infor- It is apparent from the foregoing decision logic that the

mation through DWT realization under HIF persists. criteria for the protection relay to initiate a trip signal is

is the sum value of the detailed output (d1 component) for a such that must stay above the threshold level FC

1-cycle period and is represented as an absolute value, fault continuously for samples (after fault inception). In this

criterion (FC) is the signal magnitude threshold as the lower respect, an extensive series of studies has revealed that in

limit of that is used to detect the HIF, and is the order to maintain relay stability for external faults (i.e., faults

KIM et al.: HIGH-IMPEDANCE ARCING FAULTS IN TRANSMISSION LINES USING WAVELET TRANSFORM 925

Fig. 7. Variation in the sum value for “a”-earth HIF at 10 km from end P (a)

fault inception angle 90 (b) fault inception angle 0 .

these thresholds are dependent on the system environments.

Note that the latter corresponds to a two-cycle period at power

frequency.

In this section, some typical results illustrate the performance

of the protection technique being developed. It should be noted

that although not shown herein, responses/limitations due to

CTs, relay hardware (such as current interface module com-

prising anti-aliasing filters and analog-to-digital converters),

etc. have been taken into account in the simulation so that the

relay performance attained pertains closely to that expected in

reality.

Fig. 6. Variation in the sum value for “a”-earth HIF as a function of fault A. Single-Phase-Earth Fault

distance (a) fault inception angle 90 (b) fault inception angle 0 . Fig. 6 depicts the absolute sum value of d1 associated with the

three-phase currents (measured at end P of the system shown

behind busbar P and beyond busbar Q in Fig. 1) and also in Fig. 1) using the db4 mother wavelet; the graphs shown in

restrain under no-fault conditions, the optimal settings for FC Fig. 6(a) and 6(b) are for an “a”-phase-earth HIF, as a function

926 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 17, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2002

Fig. 9. Variation in the sum value for “a”- “b” earth HIF at 10 km from end P

(a) fault inception angle 90 (b) fault inception angle 0 .

one particular fault position (i.e., 10 km from end P, as a func-

Fig. 8. Variation in the sum value for “a”- “b” earth HIF as a function of fault tion of time, the graphs also depict the moving-window regime

distance (a) fault inception angle 90 (b) fault inception angle 0 .

adopted). It is apparent that for both fault inception angles con-

sidered, the faulted “a” phase stays above the set threshold level

of fault distance and are for fault inception angles of and ( ) for more than two cycles; this corresponds to a

, respectively. As expected, the magnitudes of the faulted sample number of approximately 192 and is well above the set

“a” phase are much higher than the healthy phases and this is level of . The protective relay will thus initiate a trip

true for both fault inception angles considered. Also important, signal. For comparison purposes, the healthy phase currents “b”

although the magnitudes reduce in size as the fault moves away and “c” are also shown and, as expected, their magnitudes are

from end P, the very significant difference between the faulted well below the threshold level .

and healthy phases is retained for an appreciable time period. It

should be mentioned that in all HIF cases, the fault impedance

B. Double-Phase-Earth Fault

has been represented by a realistic nonlinear arc model, but

for reference purposes only, this can be considered as approxi- Fig. 8 typifies the variations in the absolute sum values of the

mately equivalent to about 300 . coefficients d1 for a double-phase-earth HIF fault. The graphs

KIM et al.: HIGH-IMPEDANCE ARCING FAULTS IN TRANSMISSION LINES USING WAVELET TRANSFORM 927

for an “a”-earth fault for faults just behind the busbar

P and beyond the remote busbar Q. It is apparent that although

the levels of the signals are quite high, they are nonetheless

well below the threshold level , thereby restraining

the relay from asserting a trip decision. This is the case for

voltage maximum and voltage minimum faults. Although not

shown here, this is also true in the case of double-phase-earth

HIF faults.

It should be mentioned that when considering the behavior

of the aforementioned signals under nonfault transient condi-

tions, such as capacitor and line switching, arc furnace loads,

etc. (these signals are not shown in this paper), although the

magnitudes of the absolute sum value can momen-

tarily exceed the threshold level . In some cases,

importantly, an extensive series of studies has revealed that in all

cases, the levels are significant for a much shorter period ( 1

cycle) compared to a fault situation. This effectively means that

Fig. 10. Variation in the sum value for “a”-earth external faults (a) fault the decision logic as described in Section III-C would inhibit

inception angle 90 (b) fault inception angle 0 .

relay operation in the case of the former.

shown are for two fault inception angles, one near voltage max-

imum of the “a”-phase [Fig. 8(a)] and the other is in relation to D. Nonfault Transient Events

voltage zero of the “a”-phase [Fig. 8(b)]. Here again, there is a In the development of any new fault-detection technique,

large difference in magnitudes between the faulted phases and such as the type described in this paper, it is important to ensure

the healthy phase and, as expected, both of the faulted phases that it is secure under nonfault events such as capacitor and line

(“a” and “b” involved in the fault) attain high levels. switching, arc furnace loads, etc. In this respect, it should be

When considering the dynamic behavior of the absolute sum noted that for this fault detector, the parameter ‘ ’ (comprising

value as a function of time, for one particular fault po- of 128 samples) within the decision logic plays a crucial role in

sition (which is 10 km from end P in Fig. 1), Fig. 9 portrays char- maintaining the fault detector’s security.

acteristics which are very much in line with what is expected The HIF detector presented herein was extensively tested

(i.e., both the faulted phases “a” and “b” stay well above the set under many nonfault transient events. As an example, Fig. 11

level ) for an appreciable time after fault inception depicts the behavior of coefficient d1 (with DWT realization) to

and the healthy phase stays well below the threshold throughout arc furnace phenomenon. As can be seen, its magnitude is quite

the period of interest. large when the load is switched in but decreases rapidly within

a short duration of time thereafter. With regard to the absolute

C. Relay Performance Under External Faults sum value of d1, it is apparent from Fig. 12 that although its

As mentioned before, it is vitally important for the designed magnitude exceeds the preset threshold level ( ) for

protection to be stable under external fault conditions. Fig. 10 both the “b” and “c” phases, this is only momentary, certainly

928 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY, VOL. 17, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2002

relay on a four-wire distribution feeder,” IEEE Trans. Power App. Syst.,

vol. 102, pp. 2943–2949, Sept. 1983.

[4] B. M. Aucoin and B. D. Russell, “Detection of distribution high

impedance faults using burst noise signals near 60 Hz,” IEEE Trans.

Power Delivery, vol. 2, pp. 342–348, Apr. 1987.

[5] D. I. Jeerings and J. R. Linders, “A practical protective relay for down-

conductor faults,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 6, pp. 565–574, Apr.

1991.

[6] A. A. Girgis, W. Chang, and E. B. Makram, “Analysis of

high-impedance fault generated signals using a Kalman filtering

approach,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 5, pp. 1714–1722, Oct.

1990.

[7] S. Ebron, S. L. Lubkeman, and M. White, “A neural network approach

to the detection of incipient faults on power distribution feeders,” IEEE

Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 5, pp. 905–912, Apr. 1990.

[8] E. A. Mohamed and N. D. Rao, “Artificial neural network based fault

diagnostic system for electric power distribution feeders,” Elect. Power

Syst. Res., vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 1995.

[9] S. J. Huang and C. T. Hsieh, “High impedance fault detection utilizing a

Morlet wavelet transform approach,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol.

14, pp. 1401–1410, Oct. 1999.

[10] A. E. Emanuel and E. M. Gulachenski, “High impedance fault arcing on

sandy soil in 15 kV distribution feeders: Contributions to the evaluation

Fig. 12. Variation in the sum for arc furnace loads. of the low frequency spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 5, pp.

676–686, Apr. 1990.

[11] D. C. T. Wai and X. Yibin, “A novel technique for high impedance fault

for a much short period than samples, thus ensuring identification,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 13, pp. 738–744, July

1998.

the stability of the fault detector. [12] O. Chaari, M. Meunier, and F. Brouaye, “Wavelets: A new tool for the

resonant grounded power distribution systems relaying,” IEEE Trans.

Power Delivery, vol. 11, pp. 1301–1308, July 1996.

V. CONCLUSION [13] G. Strang and T. Q. Nguyen, Wavelets and Filter Banks. Cambridge,

MA: Wellesley-Cambridge, 1996.

This paper has presented a novel technique for transmis- [14] F. H. Magnago and A. Abur, “Fault location using wavelets,” IEEE

sion-line fault detection under high-impedance Earth faults Trans. Power Delivery, vol. 13, pp. 1475–1480, Oct. 1998.

[15] V. L. Buchholz, M. Nagpal, J. B. Neilson, and W. Zarecki, “High

using the discrete wavelet transform for which a near optimal impedance fault detection device tester,” IEEE Trans. Power Delivery,

mother wavelet (suitable for a vast majority of different samples vol. 11, pp. 184–190, Jan. 1996.

and fault conditions) has been selected after an extensive series [16] A. T. Johns, R. K. Aggarwal, and Y. H. Song, “Improved techniques for

modeling fault arcs on faulted EHV transmission systems,” Proc. Inst.

of studies. The DWT-based technique presented herein has Elect. Eng. Gener. Transm. Distr., vol. 144, no. 2, pp. 148–154, 1994.

a number of distinct advantages over other traditional HIF

detection techniques.

For example, it is robust to a variation in different system and Chul-Hwan Kim (M’97) was born in Korea on January 10, 1961. He

fault conditions and is predominantly dependent upon the non- received the B.Sc., M.Sc., and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from

linear behavior of the HIF; it is stable for external faults and has Sungkyunkwan University, Korea, in 1982, 1984, and 1990, respectively.

Currently, he is Professor in the School of Electrical and Computer

the ability to discriminate clearly between internal faults and Engineering at Sungkyunkwan University, Korea. He was a Visiting Academic

nonfault transient events such as capacitor and line switching, in the University of Bath, U.K., in 1996, 1998, and 1999. In 1990, he

arc furnace loads, etc; it has the inherent attribute of distin- became a Full-Time Lecturer at Cheju National University, Cheju, Korea. His

research interests include power system protection, artificial intelligence, the

guishing between the faulted phase(s) and healthy phase(s) and modeling/protection of underground cable, and EMTP software.

this is a significant advantage for transmission systems in which

single-pole tripping is employed, and which therefore requires

phase selection. The technique developed is based on current Hyun Kim was born in Korea on October 4, 1972. He received the B.Sc. and

signals only and, therefore, requires the use of current trans- M.Sc. degrees in electrical engineering from Sungkyunkwan University, Korea,

formers (CTs) only. in 1997 and 1999, respectively.

Currently, he is involved with condition monitoring in a nuclear power plant

Work is now in progress to extend the research for at Woori Technology, Inc., where he has been since March 1999.

ultra-high–voltage transmission systems comprising of long

lines and for fault detection/fault location in low-voltage

distribution lines. The outcome of the research will be reported Young-Hun Ko was born in Korea on July 7, 1975. He received the B.Sc. and

in due course. M.Sc. degrees in electrical engineering from Sungkyunkwan University, Korea,

in 1998 and 2000, respectively.

Currently, he is a Researcher of product R&D center in Daewoo Telecom.

REFERENCES

[1] A. F. Sultan, G. W. Swift, and D. J. Fedirchuk, “Detection of high

impedance arcing faults using a multi-layer perceptron,” IEEE Trans. Sung-Hyun Byun was born in Korea on February 11, 1973. He received the

Power Delivery, vol. 7, pp. 1871–1877, Oct. 1992. B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in electrical engineering from Sungkyunkwan Univer-

[2] B. D. Russel, C. L. Benner, and A. V. Mamishev, “Analysis of high sity, Korea, in 1996 and 1998, respectively.

impedance fault using fractal techniques,” IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. Currently, he works in power system protection and control at the Korea

11, pp. 435–440, Feb. 1996. Power Exchange (KPX), Seoul.

KIM et al.: HIGH-IMPEDANCE ARCING FAULTS IN TRANSMISSION LINES USING WAVELET TRANSFORM 929

Raj Aggarwal (SM’91) received the B.Sc. and Ph.D degrees in electrical engi- Allan T. Johns (SM’88) received the B.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from the Univer-

neering from the University of Liverpool, U.K., in 1970 and 1973, respectively. sity of Bath, U.K. In 1982, he was awarded the degree of D.Sc. for an original

Currently, he is a Professor and Head of the Power and Energy Systems Group and substantial contribution to knowledge of electrical engineering.

at the University of Bath, U.K. His main areas of research interests are power Currently, he is Emeritus Professor in the Electrical Engineering Department

system modeling and the application of digital techniques and artificial intelli- at the University of Bath, U.K.

gence, protection and control, and power quality issues. Dr. Johns is is a fellow of the IEE U.K.

Dr. Aggarwal is a fellow of the IEE U.K.

- Data MiningUploaded byTanmay Dey
- Friction stir weldingUploaded byabsaubarR
- Dsp Lab ReportUploaded byAbhishek Jain
- BROKEN ROTOR BAR FAULT DIAGNOSIS OF INDUCTION MOTOR BY SIGNAL PROCESSING TECHNIQUESUploaded byIAEME Publication
- Frequently Asked Questions __ Advanced Concepts (Wavelet Tool..Uploaded bytolomeo10
- wiki DSPUploaded byAny O'Neill
- Digital FIR Low-Pass Filter Design by Yankee Bush Software LLC - 2015Uploaded byOA
- 346239258 Network Analysis Van Valkenburg Free eBook PDFUploaded byNaveen Kumar
- Pattern Recognition Approach for Fault Identification in PowerUploaded byNoe Ap
- A Combination of Wavelet Artificial Neural Networks Integrated with Bootstrap Sampler in Time Series PredictionUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Px c 3877073Uploaded byYasser Naguib
- 01495429Uploaded byAdrien Le Pogam
- Ele App MechUploaded byanon_683483930
- 27.251.145.3 Events Events2014 Phample12 01 Modern TrendsUploaded byGaurav Singh
- Fpga ManualUploaded byRahul Sharma
- IJMSE10007-20111124-091641-8991-580[1]Uploaded byKhalid F Abdulraheem
- dspUploaded byloplu1
- Neural NetworkUploaded byGaia Kute
- Progressive Significant Map under EZWUploaded byseventhsensegroup
- Image Based Detection of Defected VegitablesUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Power System Fault Detection Using Wavelet Transform And Probability Neural NetworkUploaded byAJER JOURNAL
- Adv. Dsp SyllabusUploaded byAngsuman Sarkar
- jpeg2000_waveletUploaded byAbdelkader Ben Amara
- Dcumentation1(1)Uploaded byRajesh Kanna
- Assignment ImageUploaded byAmirul Hafiz
- Talwan i 1998Uploaded byisaauad
- Proj BhaskarUploaded byBHASKAR GUPTA
- EPWTUploaded byyazeed7079875
- IJARCET-VOL-4-ISSUE-3-1070-1074.pdfUploaded bysurya prakash
- Lecture 04 - FrequencyUploaded byIqbal Muhammad

- Modelling and Fuzzy Control of DC DriveUploaded bydivinelight
- 8 A Novel Direct Torque Control Scheme for Induction Machines with Space Vector ModulationUploaded byapi-19508046
- 7 Direct Torque Control of a Three Phase Induction Motor using a Hybrid PIFuzzy ControllerUploaded byapi-19508046
- 6 Performances Of Fuzzy-Logic-Based Indirect Vector Control For Induction Motor DriveUploaded byapi-19508046
- 5 A FUZZY LOGIC CONTROLLER FOR SYNCHRONOUS MACHINEUploaded byapi-19508046
- 4 Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor using SimulinkUploaded byapi-19508046
- 3 Application of Artificial Neural Network in Voltage Regulation in Distribution SystemsUploaded byapi-19508046
- 2 Design and Implementation of a Neural-Network-Controlled Ups InverterUploaded byapi-19508046
- 1 Power Upgrading of Transmission Line by Combining ACDC TransmissionUploaded byapi-19508046
- 53 DIRECT TORQUE CONTROL OF INDUCTION MOTOR WITH FUZZY MINIMIZATION TORQUE RIPPLEUploaded byapi-19508046
- 52 Automatic Voltage Regulator Using an AC Voltage–Voltage ConverterUploaded byapi-19508046
- 51 Analysis of interconnection between HVdc transmission with Capacitor Commutated Converter aUploaded byapi-19508046
- 49 FUZZY LOGIC BASED LIGHT LOAD EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT OF MATRIX CONVERTER BASED WIND GENERATIONUploaded byapi-19508046
- 48 Shunt Active Filter Controlled by Fuzzy LogicUploaded byapi-19508046
- PSCAD EMTDC,FuzzyControl,HVDC Transmission,VoltageDependentCurrentOrderLimit VDCOLUploaded byKurniawan Indra Leksana
- 46 Transient Analysis of Grid-Connected Wind Turbines with DFIG After an External Short-CircuiUploaded byapi-19508046
- 45 Harmonics Modeling and Harmonic Activity Analysis of Equipments with Switch Mode Power SupplyUploaded byapi-19508046
- 44 Enhancement of Voltage Quality in Isolated Power SystemsUploaded byapi-19508046
- 43 Simulink Model for Economic Analysis andUploaded byapi-19508046
- 41 Interline Unified Power Quality ConditionerUploaded byapi-19508046
- 40 A Novel Method of Load Compensation UnderUploaded byapi-19508046
- 39 Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) Based Damping Controllers for Damping Low Frequency OsUploaded byapi-19508046
- 38 Carrier Phase-shifted SPWM based Current-source Multi-converterUploaded byapi-19508046
- 22893773 36 2 Field Orientated Control of a Multi Level PWM Inverter Fed Induction MotorUploaded byLavanya Deepala
- 36-1 FIELD ORIENTED CONTROL OF A MULTILEVEL PWM INVERTER FED INDUCTION MOTORUploaded byapi-19508046
- 35 Induction Generator And ACDCAC Converter Model For Wind Energy ConversionUploaded byapi-19508046
- 34 Sensorless Speed Control System Using a Neural NetworkUploaded byapi-19508046
- 33 A Reconfiguration Technique for Multilevel Inverters Incorporating a Diagnostic System BaseUploaded byapi-19508046
- 32 Fault Detection of 3-Phase VSI using Wavelet-Fuzzy AlgorithmUploaded byapi-19508046

- E880Credp5413Uploaded bymevtorres1977
- Remington Silent Drive Heater ManualUploaded byCodyMon
- Some Tips on Commissioning Paint AnalysisUploaded byPatrick Baty
- - BiometeorologyUploaded bywicak_sp
- Furnaces - CatalogUploaded bydéborah_rosales
- 19527555 VAN de BILDT Joyce Analysing the Role of NATO in the PostCold War EraUploaded byHawkMorris
- hephepUploaded byMark Ramirez
- Checklist of RequirementsUploaded byMarivic Aloc
- CV Antoine Oulé - Euromed Management EngUploaded byAntoine Oulé
- Calibration Manual Rev AUploaded byhyyzia
- Sample Testing PolicyUploaded bysuthacj
- Animal Farm ScriptUploaded byts pavan
- Global Developmental Delay EvaluationUploaded byMuhammad Darussalam Darwis
- 10+Aviation+Weather+TranscriptUploaded byAvtech
- 45-M429Uploaded byreign88
- Vibration Due to Gas ForcesUploaded bymondel
- Economic Performance Through Time.pdfUploaded bysofecama
- [R&S_CMU200_Spec]Uploaded bykees van der wal
- -Lady Lazarus CritiqueUploaded byAlexandra Popescu
- What Local Taxpayers Should Know About the State's $20 Billion Privatization Experiment (October 2018)Uploaded byavalanche50
- Sinha et al_BIOREMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATED SITES.pdfUploaded byBio Innovations
- CMS Supervisor ODBC and JDBC Data Connection DocumentationUploaded byKent Cook
- Sample ProblemsUploaded bydodoy kangkong
- BRM10Uploaded byAditi Prasad
- Optimal Determination of Odds - Theory and TestsUploaded byslash7782
- EHT BendingToolsUploaded byAcaJoksimovic
- AP.docUploaded byPRINCIPAL ALS
- Unit 4 TMISUploaded bySanthosh Kumar
- 210 Math Prob & Sol by Engr.ben DavidUploaded byMini Titan Gett
- Training Loads DifferentlyUploaded byCésar Ayala Guzmán