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Q.1 - Q.30 carry one mark each.

1. In Fig.Q1, the value of R is
(a) 2.5Ω
(b) 5.0Ω
(c) 7.5Ω
(d) 10.0Ω

2. The RMS value of the voltage ( ) ( ) 3 4cos 3 u t t = + is:
(a) 17V
(b) 5V
(c) 7V
(d)
( )
3 2 2 V +

3. For the two-port network shown in Fig.Q3, the Z-matrix is given by
(a)
1 1 2
1 2 2
Z Z Z
Z Z Z
+

+

(b)
1 1
1 2 2
Z Z
Z Z Z


+


(c)
1 2
2 1 2
Z Z
Z Z Z


+

(d)
1 1
1 1 2
Z Z
Z Z Z


+



4. In Fig.Q4, the initial capacitor voltage is zero. The switch is closed at t = 0. the
final steady-state voltage across the capacitor is:
(a) 20V
(b) 10V
(c) 5V
(d) 0V


5. If E

is the electric field intensity,
( )
. E ∇ ∇ ×

is equal to

(a) E

(b) E

(c) null vector (d) zero

6. A system with zero initial conditions has the closed loop transfer function
( )
( ) ( )
2
4
.
1 4
s
T s
s s
+
=
+ +
The system output is zero at the frequency
8A
R
10Ω 10Ω
100V
i1 i2
Z2
Z1 ν1 ν2
t=0
10Ω
20µF
20V
10Ω
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(a) 0.5 rad/sec. (b) 1 rad/sec. (c) 2 rad/sec. (d) 4 rad/sec.

7. Fig.Q7 shows the root locus plot (location of poles not given) of a third order
system whose open loop transfer function is:
(a)
3
K
s

(b)
( )
2
1
K
s s +

(c)
( )
2
1
K
s s +

(d)
( )
2
1
K
s s −


8. The gain margin of a unity feedback control system with the open loop transfer
function ( )
( )
2
1 s
G s
s
+
= is:
(a) 0 (b)
1
2
(c) 2 (d) ∞
9. In the matrix equation Px = q, which of the following is a necessary condition for
the existence of at least one solution for the unknown vector x:
(a) Augmented matrix [P q] must have the same rank as matrix P
(b) Vector q must have only non-zero elements
(c) Matrix P must be singular
(d) Matrix P must be square

10. If P and Q are two random events, then the following is TRUE:
(a) Independence of P and Q implies that probability ( ) 0 P Q ∩ =
(b) Probability ( ) P Q ∪ ≥ Probability (P) + Probability (Q)
(c) If P and Q are mutually exclusive, then they must be independent
(d) Probability ( ) P Q ∩ ≤ Probability (P)

11. If
3
1
, S x dx


=
í
then S has the value
(a)
1
3

(b)
1
4
(c)
1
2
(d) 1

1
Im
Re
2 3
3
3 −
-2 3
2 3
-1 -2
-3
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12. The solution of the first order differential equation ( ) ( ) ( )
0
3 , 0 x t x t x x = − =

is:
(a) ( )
3
0
t
x t x e

= (b) ( )
3
0
x t x e

= (c) ( )
3
0
t
x t x e

= (d) ( )
0
t
x t x e

=

13. The equivalent circuit of a transformer has leakage reactance
1 2
, and X X′
magnetizing reactance .
M
X Their magnitudes satisfy
(a)
1 2 M
X X X ′ (b)
1 2 M
X X X ′ (c)
1 2 M
X X X ′ = (d)
1 2 M
X X X ′ =

14. Which three-phase connection can be used in a transformer to introduce a phase
difference of 30° between its output and corresponding input line voltages
(a) Star - Star (b) Star - Delta (c) Delta - Delta (d) Delta - Zigzag

15. On the torque/speed curve of induction motor shown in Fig.Q15, four points of
operation are market as W, X, Y and Z. Which one of them represents the
operation at a slip greater than 1?












(a) W (b) X (c) Y (d) Z

16. For an induction motor, operating at a slip s, the ratio of gross power output to
air gap power is equal to:
(a) ( )
2
1 s − (b) ( ) 1 s − (c) ( ) 1 s − (d)
( )
1 s −

17. The p.u. parameters for a 500 MVA machine on its own base are:
inertia M = 20 p.u.; reactance X = 2 p.u.
The p.u. values of inertia and reactance on 100 MVA common base, respectively,
are
(a) 4, 0.4 (b) 100, 10 (c) 4, 10 (d) 100, 0.4

0
W
X
Y
Z
Speed
Torque
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18. An 800 kV transmission line has a maximum power transfer capacity on the
operated at 400 kV with the series reactance unchanged, the new maximum
power transfer capacity is approximately
(a) P (b) 2P (c)
2
P
(d)
4
P


19. The insulation strength of an EHV transmission line is mainly governed by
(a) load power factor (b) switching over-voltages
(c) harmonics (d) corona

20. High Voltage DC (HVDC) transmission is mainly used for
(a) bulk power transmission over very long distances
(b) inter-connecting two systems with the same nominal frequency
(c) eliminating reactive power requirement in the operation
(d) minimizing harmonics at the converter stations

21. The Q-meter works on the principle of
(a) mutual inductance (b) self inductance
(c) series resonance (d) parallel resonance

22. A PMMC voltmeter is connected across a series combination of a DC voltage
source
1
2 V V = and an AC voltage source ( ) ( )
2
3sin 4 . t t V ν = The meter reads
(a) 2V (b) 5V (c)
3
2
2
V
| |
+ |
|
\ .
(d)
17
2
V
| |
|
|
\ .


23. Assume that
1 2
and D D in Fig.Q23 are ideal diodes. The value of current I is:
(a) 0 mA
(b) 0.5 mA
(c) 1 mA
(d) 2 mA



24. The 8085 assembly language instruction that stores the contents of H and L
registers into the memory locations 2050 and 2051 ,
H H
respectively, is:
(a) SPHL 2050
H
(b) SPHL 2051
H
(c) SHLD 2050
H
(d) STAX 2050
H


D2
D1
2kΩ
2kΩ
(DC)
1mA
I
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25. Assume that the N-channel MOSFET shown in Fig.Q25 is ideal, and that its
threshold voltage is +1.0V. The voltage
ab
V between nodes a and b is:
(a) 5V
(b) 2V
(c) 1V
(d) 0V




26. The digital circuit shown in Fig.Q26 works as a
(a) JK flip-flop
(b) Clocked RS flip-flop
(c) T flip-flop
(d) Ring counter


27. A digital-to-analog converter with a full-scale output voltage of 3.5V has a
resolution close to 14 mV. Its bit size is:
(a) 4 (b) 8 (c) 16 (d) 32

28. The conduction loss versus device current characteristic of a power MOSFET is
best approximated by
(a) a parabola (b) a straight line
(c) a rectangular hyperbola
(d) an exponentially decaying function

29. A three-phase diode bridge rectifier is fed from a 400V RMS, 50 Hz, three-phase
AC source. If the load is purely resistive, the peak instantaneous output voltage
is equal to
(a) 400 V (b) 400 2 V (c)
2
400
3
V (d)
400
3
V

30. The output voltage waveform of a three-phase square-wave inverter contains
(a) only even harmonics (b) both odd and even harmonics
(c) only odd harmonics (d) only triplen harmonics



1kΩ
1kΩ
a
b
ab
V
2kΩ
D
S
G
2V
10V
X
CLK
D
Q
Q
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Q.31 - Q.80 carry two marks each

31. The RL circuit of Fig.Q31 is fed from a constant magnitude, variable frequency
sinusoidal voltage source .
IN
ν At 100 Hz, the R and L elements each have a
voltage drop .
RMS
u If the frequency of the source is changed to 50 Hz, the new
voltage drop across R is:
(a)
5
8
RMS
u (b)
2
3
RMS
u
(c)
8
5
RMS
u (d)
3
2
RMS
u

32. For the three-phase circuit shown in Fig.Q32, the ratio of the current : :
g y B
I I I is
given by
(a) 1:1: 3 (b) 1:1:2
(c) 1:1:0 (d) 1:1:
3
2



33. For the triangular waveform shown in Fig.Q33, the RMS value of the voltage is
equal to







(a)
1
6
(b)
1
3
(c)
1
3
(d)
2
3


34. The circuit shown in Fig.Q34 is in steady state, when the switch is closed at t = 0.
Assuming that the inductance is ideal, the current through the inductor at t = 0
+

equals
(a) 0 A
(b) 0.5 A
(c) 1 A
(d) 2 A

~
R
L
VIN
R
B
Y
R
I
B
I
Y
I
R1
R1
1
t
ν(t)
2
T

T
3
2
T
2T
10V
10Ω
10mH
t=0
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35. The charge distribution in a metal-dielectric-semiconductor specimen is shown in
Fig.Q35. The negative charge density decreases linearly in the semiconductor as
shown. The electric field distribution is as shown in





(a)


(b)


(c)


(d)




36. In Fig.Q36, the Thevenin´s equivalent pair (voltage, impedance), as seen at the
terminals P-Q, is given by
(a) (2V, 5Ω)
(b) (2V, 7.5Ω)
(c) (4V, 5Ω)
(d) (4V, 7.5Ω)

37. A unity feedback system, having an open loop gain
( ) ( )
( )
( )
1
,
1
K s
G s H s
s

=
+
becomes stable when
(a) 1 K > (b) K >1 (c) 1 K < (d) K < -1






+
+
+
+




0
1
X
2
X
3
X
Dielectric Metal Semiconductor
E
X
E
X
E
X
E
X
X1 X2
X3
20Ω
10Ω
10Ω
4V
Unknown
network
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38. When subjected to a unit step input, the closed loop control system shown in
Fig.Q38 will have a steady state error of






(a) -1.0 (b) -0.5 (c) 0 (d) 0.5

39. In the GH(s) plane, the Nyquist plot of the loop transfer function
( ) ( )
0.25s
e
G s H s
s
π

= passes through the negative real axis at the point
(a) (-0.25,j0) (b) (-0.5,j0) (c) (-1,j0) (d) (-2,j0)

40. If the compensated system shown in Fig.Q40 has a phase margin of 60° at the
crossover frequency of 1 rad/sec, the value of the gain K is:
(a) 0.366
(b) 0.732
(c) 1.366
(d) 2.738

41. For the matrix
3 2 2
0 2 1 ,
0 0 1
P


= −



one of the eigen values is equal to -2. Which of the following is
an eigen vector?
(a)
3
2
1






(b)
3
2
1






(c)
1
2
3






(d)
2
5
0







42. If

1 0 1
2 1 1 ,
2 3 2
R


= −



the top row of
1
R

is:
(a) 5 6 4

(b) 5 3 1 −

(c) 2 0 1 −

(d)
1
2 1
2







R(s)
Y(s)
3
2
2 s +
+


+
Y(s) +

( )
1
1 s s +
K+0.366s
R(s)
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43. A fair coin is tossed three times in succession. If the first toss produces a head,
then the probability of getting exactly two heads in three tosses is:
(a)
1
8
(b)
1
2
(c)
3
8
(d)
3
4


44. For the function ( )
2
,
x
f x x e

= the maximum occurs when x is equal to:
(a) 2 (b) 1 (c) 0 (d) -1

45. For the scalar field

2 2
,
2 3
x y
u = + the magnitude of the gradient at the point (1,3) is:
(a)
13
9
(b)
9
2
(c) 5 (d)
9
2


46. For the equation ( ) ( ) ( ) 3 2 5, x t x t x t + + =

the solution ( ) x t approaches the
following values at t → ∞
(a) 0 (b)
5
2
(c) 5 (d) 10

47. The Laplace transform of a function f(t) is
( )
( )
( )
2
2
5 23 6
. As ,
2 2
s s
F s t f t
s s s
+ +
= → ∞
+ +
approaches
(a) 3 (b) 5 (c)
17
2
(d) ∞

48. The Fourier series for the function ( )
2
sin f x x = is:
(a) sin sin2 x x + (b) 1 cos2x −
(c) sin2 cos2 x x + (d) 0.5 0.5cos2x −

49. If ( ) u t is the unit step and ( ) t δ is the unit impulse function, the inverse z-
transform of ( )
1
1
F z
z
=
+
for 0 k ≥ is:
(a) ( ) ( ) 1
k
k δ − (b) ( ) ( ) 1
k
k δ − − (c) ( ) ( ) 1
k
u k − (d) ( ) ( ) 1
k
u k − −




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50. Two magnetic poles revolve around a stationary armature carrying two coils
( )
1 1 2 2
, c c c c ′ ′ − − as shown in Fig.Q50. Consider the instant when the poles are in a
position as shown. Identify the correct statement regarding the polarity of the
induced emf at this instant in coil sides
1 2
and . c c








(a)
1 2
in , no emf in c c (b)
1 2
in , no emf in c c ⊗
(c)
2 1
in , no emf in c c (d)
2 1
in , no emf in c c ⊗

51. A 50 kW dc shunt motor is loaded to draw rated armature current at any given
speed. When driven (i) at half the rated speed by armature voltage control and
(ii) at 1.5 times the rated speed by field control, the respective output powers
delivered by the motor are approximately
(a) 25 kW in (i) and 75 kW in (ii) (b) 25 kW in (i) and 50 kW in (ii)
(c) 50 kW in (i) and 75 kW in (ii) (d) 50 kW in (i) and 50 kW in (ii)

52. In relation to DC machines, match the following and choose the correct
combination.

Group -1
Performance Variables
Group - 2
Proportional to
(P) Armature emf (E) (1) Flux (φ), speed (ω) and armature current (
a
I )
(Q) Developed torque (T) (2) φ and ω only
(R) Developed power (P) (3) φ and
a
I only
(4)
a
I and ω only
(5)
a
I only

(A) P - 3 Q - 3 R - 1
(B) P - 2 Q - 5 R - 4
(C) P - 3 Q - 5 R - 4
(D) P - 2 Q - 3 R - 1

S N
2
c
1
c′
1
c
2
c′
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53. In relation to the synchronous machines, which one of the following statements is
false?
(a) In salient pole machines, the direct-axis synchronous reactance is greater
than the quadrature-axis synchronous reactance
(b) The damper bars help the synchronous motor self-start
(c) Short circuit ratio is the ratio of the field current required to produce the
rated voltage on open circuit to the rated armature current
(d) The V-curve of a synchronous motor represents the variation in the armature
current with field excitation, at a given output power

54. Under no load condition, if the applied voltage to an induction motor is reduced
from the rated voltage to half the rated value,
(a) the speed decreases and the stator current increases
(b) both the speed and the stator current decrease
(c) the speed and the stator current remain practically constant
(d) there is negligible change in the speed but the stator current decreases

55. A three-phase cage induction motor is started by direct-on-line (DOL) switching
at the rated voltage. If the starting current drawn is 6 times the full load current,
and the full load slip is 4%, the ratio of the starting developed torque to the full
load torque is approximately equal to
(a) 0.24 (b) 1.44 (c) 2.40 (d) 6.00

56. In a single phase induction motor driving a fan load, the reason for having a high
resistance rotor is to achieve
(a) low starting torque (b) quick acceleration
(c) high efficiency (d) reduced size

57. Determine the correctness or otherwise of the following Assertion [a] and the
Reason [r].
Assertion: Under V/f control of induction motor, the maximum value of the
developed torque remains constant over a wide range of speed in the sub-
synchronous region.
Reason: The magnetic flux is maintained almost constant at the rated value by
keeping the ratio V/f constant over the considered speed range.
(a) Both [a] and [r] are true and [r] is the correct reason for [a]
(b) Both [a] and [r] are true but [r] is not the correct reason for [a]
(c) Both [a] and [r] are false
(d) [a] is true but [r] is false



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58. The parameters of a transposed overhead transmission line are given as:
Self reactance
m
0.5 / and Mutual reactance x 0.1 /
s
x km km = Ω = Ω
The positive sequence reactance
1
x and zero sequence reactance
0
x ,
respectively, in Ω/km are
(a) 0.3, 0.2 (b) 0.5, 0.2 (c) 0.5, 0.6 (d) 0.3, 0.6

59. At an industrial sub-station with a 4 MW load, a capacitor of 2 MVAR is installed
to maintain the load power factor at 0.97 lagging. If the capacitor goes out of
service, the load power factor becomes
(a) 0.85 lag (b) 1.00 lag (c) 0.80 lag (d) 0.90 lag

60. The network shown in Fig.Q60 has impedances in p.u. as indicated. The diagonal
element
22
Y of the bus admittance matrix
BUS
Y of the network is:






(a) -j19.8 (b) +j20.0 (c) +j0.2 (d) -j19.95

61. A load centre is at an equidistant from the two thermal generating stations G
1

and G
2
as shown in Fig.Q61. The fuel cost characteristics of the generating
stations are given by

2
1 1 1
2
2 2 2
Rs/hour
2 Rs/hour
F a bP cP
F a bP cP
= + +
= + +

where P
1
and P
2
are the generation in MW of G
1
and G
2
, respectively. For most
economic generation to meet 300 MW of load, P
1
and P
2
, respectively, are
(a) 150, 150 (b) 100, 200 (c) 200, 100 (d) 175, 125

62. Two networks are connected in cascade as shown in Fig.Q62. With the usual
notations the equivalent A, B, C and D constants are obtained. Given that
0.025 45 , C = ∠ ° the value of
2
Z is:
(a) 10 30 ∠ °Ω
(b) 40 45 ∠ − °Ω
(c) 1Ω
(d) 0Ω


-j20.0 -j20.0
-j10.0
+j0.1 +j0.1


~ ~
Load
G1
G2
1
10 30 Z = ∠ °Ω
2
Z
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V
1000V
6MΩ 4MΩ
63. A generator with constant 1.0 p.u. terminal voltage supplies power through a
step-up transformer of 0.12 p.u. reactance and a double-circuit line to an infinite
bus bas as shown in Fig.Q63. The infinite bus voltage is maintained at 1.0 p.u.
Neglecting the resistances and susceptances of the system, the steady state
stability power limit of the system is 6.25 p.u. If one of the double-circuit is
tripped, the resulting steady state stability power limit in p.u. will be
(a) 12.5 p.u.
(b) 3.125 p.u.
(c) 10.0 p.u.
(d) 5.0 p.u.

64. The simultaneous application of signals ( ) ( ) and x t y t to the horizontal and
vertical plates, respectively, of an oscilloscope, produces a vertical figure-of-8
display. If P and Q are constants, and ( ) ( ) sin 4 30 , x t P t = + then ( ) y t is equal to
(a) ( ) sin 4 30 Q t − (b) ( ) sin 2 15 Q t + (c) ( ) sin 8 60 Q t + (d) ( ) sin 4 30 Q t +

65. A DC ammeter has a resistance of 0.1Ω and its current range is 0 - 100A. If the
range is to be extended to 0 - 500A, the meter requires the following shunt
resistance:
(a) 0.010Ω (b) 0.011Ω (c) 0.025Ω (d) 1.0Ω

66. The set-up in Fig.Q66 is used to measure resistance R. The ammeter and
voltmeter resistances are 0.01Ω and 2000Ω, respectively. Their readings are 2A
and 180V, respectively, giving a measured resistance of 90Ω. The percentage
error in the measurement is:
(a) 2.25% (b) 2.35%
(c) 4.5% (d) 4.71%

67. A 1000 V DC supply has two 1-core cables as its positive and negative leads;
their insulation resistances to earth are 4 MΩ and 6 MΩ, respectively, as shown in
Fig.Q67. A voltmeter with resistance 50 KΩ is used to measure the insulation of
the cable. When connected between the positive core and earth, the voltmeter
reads






(a) 8 V (b) 16 V (c) 24 V (d) 40 V



~


V
A
R
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68. Two wattmeters, which are connected to measure the total power on a three-
phase system supplying a balanced load, read 10.5 kW and -2.5 kW,
respectively. The total power and the power factor, respectively, are
(a) 13.0 kW, 0.334 (b) 13.0 kW, 0.684
(c) 8.0 kW, 0.52 (d) 8.0 kW, 0.334


69. The common emitter amplifier shown in Fig.Q69 is
biased using a 1 mA ideal current source. The
approximate base current value is:
(a) 0 µA
(b) 10 µA
(c) 100 µA
(d) 1000 µA


70. Consider the inverting amplifier, using an ideal operational amplifier shown in
Fig.Q70. The designer wishes to realize the input resistance seen by the small-
signal source to be as large as possible, while keeping the voltage gain between
-10 and -25. the upper limit on
F
R is 1 MΩ. The value of
1
R should be
(a) Infinity
(b) 1 MΩ
(c) 100 kΩ
(d) 40 kΩ



71. The typical frequency response of a two-stage direct coupled voltage amplifier is
as shown in
(a)




(b)





~
VCC=5V
RC=1kΩ
νout
β=100
1mA
νin
+
+

νout
νin
RF
R1
Gain
Frequency
Gain
Frequency
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t
ν
in
+

RL
-V
+V
R
νout
+

(c)




(d)





72. In Fig.Q72, if the input is a sinusoidal signal, the output will appear as shown in











(a) (b)




(c) (d)









t
ν
out
t
ν
out
ν
out
t
ν
out
t
Gain
Frequency
Gain
Frequency
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X1
X2
Q
t
73. Select the circuit, which will produce the given output Q for the input signals
1 2
and X X given in Fig.Q73.









(a) (b)






(c) (d)








74. If
1 2
and X X are the inputs to the circuit shown in Fig.Q74, the output Q is:
(a)
1 2
X X +
(b)
1 2
X X •
(c)
1 2
X X •
(d)
1 2
X X •





X1
X2
t
t
t
Q
X1
X2
Q
X1
X2
Q
X1
X2
Q
Q
VDD
X2
X1
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X1
X2
Q
75. In Fig.Q75, as long as
1 2
1 and 1, X X = = the output Q remains
(a) at 1
(b) at 0
(c) at its initial value
(d) unstable


76. Fig.Q76 shows the voltage across a power semiconductor device and the current
through the device during a switching transition. Is the transition a turn ON
transition or a turn OFF transition? What is the energy lost during the transition?
(a) Turn ON, ( )
1 2
2
VI
t t +
(b) Turn OFF, ( )
1 2
VI t t +
(c) Turn ON, ( )
1 2
VI t t +
(d) Turn OFF, ( )
1 2
2
VI
t t +


77. An electronic switch S is required to block voltages of either polarity during its
OFF state as shown in Fig.Q.77a. This switch is required to conduct in only one
direction during its ON state as shown in Fig.Q77b.






Which of the following are valid realizations of the switch S?
(P) (Q)





(R) (S)




ν,i
ν
V
I
i
t1 t2
t
1
i
1′
S
1
S 1′
±
Fig.Q77a
Fig.Q77b
1
1′
1
1′
1
1′
1
1′
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20Ω
10H
40Ω
120V
1
2
R
S
(a) Only P (b) P and Q (c) P and R (d) R and S

78. Fig.Q78 shows a step-down chopper switched at 1 KHz with a duty ratio D = 0.5.
The peak-peak ripple in the load current is close to
(a) 10 A
(b) 0.5 A
(c) 0.125 A
(d) 0.25 A


79. An electric motor, developing a starting torque of 15 Nm, starts with a load
torque of 7 Nm on its shaft. If the acceleration at start is 2 rad/sec
2
, the moment
of inertia of the systems must be (neglecting viscous and Coulomb/friction).
(a) 0.25 kg m
2
(b) 0.25 Nm
2
(c) 4 kg m
2
(d) 4 Nm
2


80. Consider a phase controlled converter shown in Fig.Q.80. The thyristor is fired at
an angle α in every positive half cycle of the input voltage. If the peak value of
the instantaneous output voltage equals 230 V, the firing angle α is close to
(a) 45°
(b) 135°
(c) 90°
(d) 83.6°


Linked Answer Questions: 81a to Q85b carry two marks each

Statement for Linked Answer Questions 81a & 81b: A coil of inductance 10 H
resistance 40Ω is connected as shown in Fig.Q81. After the switch S has been in
connection with point 1 for a very long time, it is moved to point 2 at t = 0.
81. (A) If, at t = 0
+
, the voltage across the coil is 120V, the value of resistance R is:
(a) 0Ω
(b) 20Ω
(c) 40Ω
(d) 60Ω



(B) For the value of R obtained in (a), the time taken for 95% of the stored
energy dissipated is close to
(a) 0.10 sec (b) 0.15 sec (c) 0.50 sec (d) 1.0 sec

100V
200mH
5Ω i
+

50Hz
R
+

~
ν0
230V
(RMS)
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Statement for Linked Answer Questions 82a & 82b:
A state variable system
( ) ( ) ( )
0 1 1
,
0 3 0
X t X t u t

= +


with the initial condition ( ) 0 1 3
T
X = −

and the unit step
input ( ) u t has
82. (A) The state transition matrix
(a)
( )
3
3
1
1 1
3
0
t
x
e
e








(b)
( )
3
1
1
3
0
t t
t
e e
e
− −








(c)
( )
3
3
1
1
3
0
t t
t
e e
e
− −







(d)
( )
1 1
0
t
t
e
e









(B) and the state transition equation
(a) ( )
t
t
t e
X t
e




=


(b) ( )
3
3
t
t
t e
X t
e




=



(c) ( )
3
3
3
t
t
t e
X t
e




=


(d) ( )
3t
t
t e
X t
e




=




Statement for Linked Answer Questions 83a & 83b: A 1000 kVA, 6.6 kV, 3-phase
star connected cylindrical pole synchronous generator has a synchronous reactance of
20 Ω. Neglect the armature resistance and consider operation at full load and unity
power factor.

83. (A) The induced emf (line-to-line) is close to
(a) 5.5 kV (b) 7.2 kV (c) 9.6 kV (d) 12.5 kV

(B) The power (or torque) angle is close to
(a) 13.9° (b) 18.3° (c) 24.6° (d) 33.0°

Statement for Linked Answer Questions 84a & 84b: At a 220 kV substation of a
power system, it is given that the three-phase fault level is 4000 MVA and single-line to
ground fault level is 5000 MVA. Neglecting the resistance and the shunt susceptances of
the system,

84. (A) the positive sequence driving point reactance at the bus is:
(a) 2.5Ω (b) 4.033Ω (c) 5.5Ω (d) 12.1Ω

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(B) and the zero sequence driving point reactance at the bus is:
(a) 2.2Ω (b) 4.84Ω (c) 18.18Ω (d) 22.72Ω

Statement for Linked Answer Questions 85a & 85b: Assume that the threshold
voltage of the N-channel MOSFET shown in Fig. Q85 is +0.75V. The output
characteristics of the MOSFET are also shown.











85. (A) The transconductance of the MOSFET is:
(a) 0.75 mS (b) 1 mS (c) 2 mS (d) 10 mS

(B) The voltage gain of the amplifier is:
(a) +5 (b) -7.5 (c) +10 (d) -10





VDD=25V
~
R=10kΩ
νout
νin=2mV
2V
+
IDS(mA)
VDS(V)
VGS=4V
3V
1V
2V
0
1
2
3
4

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Duration: 3 Hours Maximum Marks:150


Read the following instructions carefully:

1. This question paper contains 90 objective questions. Q.1 to Q.30 carry One mark each and
Q.31 to Q.90 carry Two marks each.
2. Answer all the questions.
3. Questions must be answered on special machine gradable Objective Response Sheet
(ORS) by darkening the appropriate bubble (marked A, B, C, D) against the question
number on the left hand side of the ORS, using HB pencil. Each question has only one
correct answer. In case you wish to change an answer, erase the old answer completely
using a good soft eraser.
4. There will be NEGATIVE marking. In Q.1 to Q.30, 0.25 mark will be deducted for each
wrong answer and in Q.31 to Q.90, 0.5 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.
More than one answer marked against a question will be deemed as an incorrect response
and will be negatively marked.
5. Write your registration number, name and name of the Centre at the specified locations on
the right half of the ORS.
6. Using HB pencil, darken the appropriate bubble under each digit of your registration
number and the letters corresponding to your paper code.
7. No charts or tables are provided in the examination hall.
8. Use the blank pages given at the end of the question paper for rough work.
9. Choose the closest numerical answer among the choice given.
10. Please check all pages and report, if there is any discrepancy.




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Q.1 - Q.30 Carry One Mark Each

1. The value of Z in Figure.Q.1, which is most appropriate to cause parallel
resonance at 500 Hz, is
(a) 125.00 mH
(b) 304.20 µF
(c) 2.0 µF
(d) 0.05 µF

2. A parallel plate capacitor is shown in figure Q.2. It is made of two square metal
plates of 400 mm side. The 14 mm space between the plates is filled with two
layers od dielectrics of 4, 6
r
ε = mm thick and 2, 8
r
ε = mm thick. Neglecting
fringing of fields at the edges the capacitance is
(a) 1298 pF
(b) 944 pF
(c) 354 pF
(d) 257 pF



3. The inductance of a long solenoid of length 1000 mm wound uniformly with 3000
turns on a cylindrical paper tube of 60mm diameter is
(a) 3.2 µH (b) 3.2 mH (c) 32.0 mH (d) 3.2 H

4. Total instantaneous power supplied by a 3-phase ac supply to a balanced R-L
load is
(a) zero (b) constant
(c) pulsating with zero average (d) pulsating with non-zero average

5. A 500 kVA, 3-phase transformer has iron loses of 300 W and full load copper
losses of 600 W. The percentage load at which the transformer is expected to
have maximum efficiency is

(a) 50.0% (b) 70.7% (c) 141.4% (d) 200.0%

6. For a given stepper motor, the following torque has the highest numerical value.
(a) Detent torque (b) Pull-in torque
(c) Pull-out torque (d) Holding torque



~
Z
5Ω
2H
εr=4;d=6mm
εr=2;d=8mm
ε0=8.85×10
-12
F/m
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R
Y
B
7. The following motor definitely has a permanent magnet rotor
(a) DC commutator motor (b) Brushless dc motor
(c) Stepper motor (d) Reluctance motor

8. The type of single-phase induction motor having the highest power factor at full
load is
(a) shaded pole type (b) split-phase type
(c) capacitor-start type (d) capacitor-run type

9. The direction of rotation of a 3-phase induction motor is clockwise when it is
supplied with 3-phase sinusoidal voltage having phase sequence A-B-C. For
counter clockwise rotation of the motor, the phase sequence of the power supply
should be
(a) B-C-A (b) C-A-B
(c) A-C-B (d) B-C-A or C-A-B

10. For a linear electromagnetic circuit, the following statement is true.
(a) Field energy is equal to the co-energy
(b) Field energy is greater than the co-energy
(c) Field energy is lesser than the co-energy
(d) Co-energy is zero

11. The rated voltage of a 3-phase power system is given as
(a) rms phase voltage (b) peak phase voltage
(c) rms line to line voltage (d) peak line to line voltage

12. The phase sequence of the 3-phase system shown in Figure is






(a) RYB (b) RBY (c) BRY (d) YBR

13. In thermal power plants, the pressure in the working fluid cycle is developed by
(a) condenser (b) super heater
(c) feed water pump (d) turbine

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14. For harnessing low variable water heads, the suitable hydraulic turbine with high
percentage of reaction and runner adjustable vanes is
(a) Kaplan (b) Francis (c) Pelton (d) Impeller

15. The transmission line distance protection relay having the property of being
inherently directional is
(a) impedance relay (b) MHO relay
(c) OHM relay (d) reactance relay

16. The current through the Zener diode in figure is






(a) 33 mA (b) 3.3 mA (c) 2 mA (d) 0 mA

17. Two perfectly matched silicon transistors are connected as shown in figure. The
value of the current I is









(a) 0 mA (b) 2.3 mA (c) 4.3 mA (d) 7.3 mA









1kΩ
+3V
I
β=1000 β=1000
0.7V
+
-
-5V
2.2kΩ
3.5V
IZ
R1
+
-
10V
RZ=0.1kΩ
VZ=3.3V
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18. The feedback used in the circuit shown in figure can be classified as










(a) shunt-series feedback (b) shunt-shunt feedback
(c) series-shunt feedback (d) series-series feedback
19. The digital circuit using two inverters shown in figure will act as
(a) a bistable multi-vibrator
(b) an astable mutli-vibrator
(c) a monostable multi-vibrator
(d) an oscillator

20. The voltage comparator shown in figure can be used in the analog-to-digital
conversion as
(a) a 1-bit quantizer
(b) a 2-bit quantizer
(c) a 4-bit quantizer
(d) a 8-bit quantizer

21. The Nyquist plot of loop transfer function G(s) H(s) of a closed loop control
system passes through the point (-1,j0) in the G(s) H(s) plane. The phase margin
of the system is
(a) 0° (b) 45° (c) 90° (d) 180°

22. Consider the function ( )
( )
2
5
3 2
F s
s s s
=
+ +
, where F(s) is the Laplace transform
of the function f(t). the initial value of f(t) is equal to
(a) 5 (b)
5
2
(c)
5
3
(d) 0

RF
RB
RE
C=x
C=x
C=x R1
RC
VCC
RS
+
-
VO
V1
V2
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23. For a tachometer if θ(t) is the rotor displacement is radians, e(t) is the output
voltage and K
t
is the tachometer constant in V/rad/sec, then the transfer
function,
( )
( )
E s
s Θ
will be
(a)
2
t
K s (b)
t
K
s
(c)
t
K s (d)
t
K
24. A dc potentiometer is designed to measure up to about 2V with a slide wire of
300 mm. A standard cell of emf 1.18 V obtains balance at 600 mm. A test cell is
seen to obtain balance at 680 mm. The emf of the test cell is
(a) 1.00 V (b) 1.34 V (c) 1.50 V (d) 1.70 V

25. The circuit in figure is used to measure the power consumed by the load. The
current coil and the voltage coil of the wattmeter have 0.02Ω and 1000Ω
resistances respectively. The measured power compared to the load power will be
(a) 0.4% less
(b) 0.2% less
(c) 0.2% more
(d) 0.4% more

26. A galvanometer with a full-scale current of 10mA has a resistance of 1000Ω. The
multiplying power (the ratio of measured current to galvanometer current) of a
100Ω shunt with this galvanometer is
(a) 110 (b) 100 (c) 11 (d) 10

27. A bipolar junction transistor (BJT) is used as a power control switch by biasing it
in the cut-off region (OFF state) or in the saturation region (ON state). In the ON
state, for the BJT
(a) both the base-emitter and base-collector junctions are reverse biased
(b) the base-emitter junctions is reverse biased, and the base-collector junction
is forward biased
(c) the base-emitter junction is forward biased, and the base-collector junction is
reverse biased
(d) both the base-emitter and base-collector junctions are forward biased

28. The circuit in figure shows a full-wave rectifier. The input voltage is 230V (rms)
single-phase ac. The peak reverse voltage across the diodes D1 and D2 is
(a) 100 2 V
(b) 100 V
(c) 50 2 V
(d) 50 V

0.02Ω
1000Ω
200V
20A
Upf
load
230V/50-0-50V
D2
230V,
50 Hz, ac
D1
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R
Y
B
N
R
29. The triggering circuit of a thyristor is shown in figure. The thyristor requires a
gate current of 10 mA, for guaranteed turn-on. The value of R required for the
thyristor to turn on reliably under all conditions of Vb variation is
(a) 10000Ω
(b) 1600Ω
(c) 1200Ω
(d) 800Ω


30. The circuit in figure shows a 3-phase half-wave rectifier. The source is a
symmetrical, 3-phase four-wire system. The line-to-line voltage of the source is
100 V. The supply frequency is 400 Hz. The ripple frequency at the output is






(a) 400 Hz (b) 800 Hz (c) 1200 Hz (d) 2400 Hz

Question No.31 to 90 Carry 2 Marks Each.

31. The rms value of the periodic waveform given in figure is
(a) 2 6 A
(b) 6 2 A
(c)
4
3
A
(d) 1.5 A

32. In figure, the value of the source voltage is
(a) 12 V
(b) 24 V
(c) 30 V
(d) 44 V





Load
100V
R
Vb
Vb=12±4V
6A
-6A
T/2 T
t
+
-
6Ω 10Ω
6Ω
E
1A
P 2A
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33. In figure, Ra, Rb and Rc are 20Ω, 10Ω and 10Ω respectively. The resistance R1,
R2 and R3 in Ω of an equivalent star-connection are








(a) 2.5, 5, 5 (b) 5, 2.5, 5 (c) 5, 5, 2.5 (d) 2.5, 5, 2.5

34. In figure, the admittance values of the elements in Siemens are
0.5 0.
R
Y j = +
1
0 1.5. 0 0.3
C
Y j Y j = − = + respectively. The value of I as a phasor
when the voltage E across the elements is 100
o
V is
(a) 1.5 + j0.5
(b) 5 - j18
(c) 0.5+j1.8
(d) 5 - j12

35. In figure, the value of resistance R in Ω is
(a) 10 (b) 20
(c) 30 (d) 40


36. In figure, the capacitor initially has a charge of 10 Coulomb. The current in the
circuit one second after the switch S is closed will be
(a) 14.7 A
(b) 18.5 A
(c) 40.0 A
(d) 50.0 A

37. The rms value of the resultant current in a wire which carries a dc current of 10 A
and a sinusoidal alternating current of peak value 20 A is
(a) 14.1 A (b) 17.3 A (c) 22.4 A (d) 30.0 A




R3
R2
a
R1
c b
Rb
RC
a
Ra
c
b
1 E=10∠0V YR
Y1
Y0
100V
R
10Ω
+
-
2A
10Ω
100V
0.5F
S
+
-
2A
2Ω
+
-
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38. The Z matrix of a 2-port network as given by

0.9 0.2
0.2 0.6




The element Y
22
of the corresponding Y matrix of the same network is given by
(a) 1.2 (b) 0.4 (c) -0.4 (d) 1.8

39. The synchronous speed for the seventh space harmonic mmf wave of a 3-phase,
8 pole, 50 Hz induction machine is
(a) 107.14 rpm in forward direction (b) 107.14 rpm in reverse direction
(c) 5250 rpm in forward direction (d) 5250 rpm in reverse direction

40. A rotating electrical machine having its self-inductances of both the stator and
the rotor windings, independent of the rotor position will be definitely not develop
(a) starting torque (b) synchronizing torque
(c) hysteresis torque (d) reluctance torque

41. The armature resistance of a permanent magnet dc motr is 0.8Ω. At no load, the
motor draws 1.5 A from a supply voltage of 25 V and runs at 1500 rpm. The
efficiency of the motor while it is operating on load at 1500 rpm drawing a
current of 3.5 A form the same source will be
(a) 48.0% (b) 57.1% (c) 59.2% (d) 88.8%

42. A 50 kVA, 3300/230V single-phase transformers is connected as an
autotransformer shown in figure. The nominal rating of the autotransformer will
be
(a) 50.0 kVA
(b) 53.5 kVA
(c) 717.4 kVA
(d) 767.4 kVA


43. The resistance and reactance of a 100 kVA 11000|400V, -Y distribution
transformer are 0.02 and 0.07 pu respectively. The phase impedance of the
transformer referred to the primary is
(a) (0.02 + j0.07)Ω (b) (0.55 + j1.925)Ω
(c) (15.125 + j52.94)Ω (d) (72.6 + j254.1)Ω

44. A single-phase, 230 V, 50 Hz, 4 pole, capacitor-start induction motor has the
following stand still impedances
Main winding Z
m
=6.0 + j4.0Ω
Auxiliary winding Z
a
= 8.0 + j6.0Ω
Vin=3300V
N1
N2
Vout
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The value of the starting capacitor required to produce 90° phase difference
between the currents in the main and auxiliary windings will be
(a) 176.84 µF (b) 187.24 µF (c) 265.26 µF (d) 280.86 µF

45. Two 3-phase, Y-connected alternators are to be paralleled to a set of common
bus bars. The armature has a per phase synchronous reactance of 1.7Ω and
negligible armature resistance. The line voltage of the first machines is adjusted
to 3300 V and that of the second machine is adjusted to 3200 V. the machine
voltages are in phase at the instant they are paralleled. Under this condition, the
synchronizing current per phase will be
(a) 16.98 A (b) 29.41 A (c) 33.96 A (d) 58.82 A

46. A 400V, 15 kW, 4 pole, 50 Hz, Y-connected induction motor has full load slip of
4%. The output torque of the machine at full load is
(a) 1.66 Nm (b) 95.50 Nm (c) 99.47 Nm (d) 624.73 Nm

47. For a 1.8°, 2-phase bipolar stepper motor, the stepping rate is 100 steps/second.
The rotational speed of the motor in rpm is
(a) 15 (b) 30 (c) 60 (d) 90

48. A 8 pole, DC generator has a simplex wave-wound armature containing 32 coils
of 6 turns each. Its flux per pole is 0.06 Wb. The machine is running at 250 rpm.
The induced armature voltage is
(a) 96V (b) 192V (c) 384V (d) 768V

49. A 400V, 50 kVA, 0.8 pf leading -connected, 50 Hz synchronous machine has a
synchronous reactance of 2Ω and negligible armature resistance. The friction and
windage losses are 2kW and the core loss is 0.8 kW. The shaft is supplying 9kW
load at a power factor of 0.8 leading. The line current drawn is
(a) 12.29 A (b) 16.24 A (c) 21.29 A (d) 36.88 A

50. A 500 MW 3-phase Y-connected synchronous generator has a rated voltage of
21.5 kV at 0.85 pf. The line current when operating at full load rated conditions
will be
(a) 13.43 kA (b) 15.79 kA (c) 23.25 kA (d) 27.36 kA

51. A 800 kV transmission line is having per phase line inductance of 1.1 mH/km and
per phase line capacitance of 11.68 nF/km. Ignoring the length of the line, its
ideal power transfer capability in MW is
(a) 1204 MW (b) 1504 MW (c) 2085 MW (d) 2606 MW

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52. A 110 kV, single core coaxial, XLPE insulated power cable delivering power at 50
Hz, has a capacitance of 125 nF/km. If the dielectric loss tangent of XLPE is
4
2 10 ,

× the dielectric power loss in this cable in W/km is
(a) 5.0 (b) 31.7 (c) 37.8 (d) 189.0

53. A lightning stroke discharges impulse current of 10 kA (peak) on a 400 kV
transmission line having surge impedance of 250 Ω. The magnitude of transient
over-voltage traveling waves in either direction assuming equal distribution form
the point of lightning strike will be
(a) 1250kV (b) 1650 kV (c) 2500 kV (d) 2900kV

54. The generalized circuit constants of a 3-phase, 220 kV rated voltage, medium
length transmission line are
A = D = 0.936 + j0.016 = 0.936 0.98
o

B = 33.5 +j138=142.0 76.4
o

C=(-5.18+j914)×10
-6

If the load at the receiving end is 50 MW at 220 kV with a power factor of 0.9
lagging, the magnitude of line to lien sending end voltage should be
(a) 133.23 kV (b) 220.00 kV (c) 230.78 kV (d) 246.30 kV

55. A new generator having E
g
= 1.430
o
pu [equivalent to (1.212+j0.70)pu] and
synchronous reactance `X
s
´ of 1.0 pu on the system base, is to be connected to a
bus having voltage V
t
in the existing power system. This existing power system
can be represented by Thevenin´s voltage 0.90
o
th
E = pu in series with Thevenin´s
impedance 0.2590
o
th
Z = pu. The magnitude of the bus voltage V
t
of the system
in pu will be
(a) 0.990 (b) 0.973 (c) 0.963 (d) 0.900

56. A 3-phase generator rated at 110MVA, 11 kV is connected through circuit
breakers to a transformer. The generator is having direct axis sub-transient
reactance 19%
d
X′′ = , transient reactance 26%
d
X′ = and synchronous reactance
=130%. The generator is operating at no load and rated voltage when a three-
phase short circuit fault occurs between the breakers and the transformer. The
magnitude of initial symmetrical rims current in the breakers will be
(a) 4.44 kA (b) 22.20 kA (c) 30.39 kA (d) 38.45 kA





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57. A 3-phase transmission line supplies
-connected load Z. The conductor `c´
of the line develops an open circuit
fault as shown in figure. The currents in
the lines are as shown on the diagram.
The positive sequence current
component in line `a´ will be
(a) 5.78 30
o
− (b) 5.7890
o

(c) 6.3390
o
(d) 10.00 30
o


58. A 500 MVA, 50 Hz, 3-phase turbo-generator produces power at 22 kV. Generator
is Y-connected and its neutral is solidly grounded. Their sequence reactances are
1 2 0
0.15 and 0.05 . X X X pu = = = it is operating at rated voltage and disconnected
from the rest of the system (no load). The magnitude of the sub-transient lien
current for single line ground fault at the generator terminal in pu will be
(a) 2.851 (b) 3.333 (c) 6.667 (d) 8.553

59. A 50 Hz, 4-pole, 500 MVA, 22 kV turbo-generator is delivering rated megavolt-
amperes at 0.8 power factor. Suddenly a fault occurs reducing is electric power
output by 40%. Neglect losses and assume constant power input to the shaft.
The accelerating torque in the generator in MNm at the time of the fault will be
(a) 1.528 (b) 1.018 (c) 0.848 (d) 0.509

60. A hydraulic turbine having rated speed of 250 rpm is connected to a synchronous
generator. In order to produce power at 50 Hz, the number of poles required in
the generator are
(a) 6 (b) 12 (c) 16 (d) 24

61. Assuming that he diodes are ideal in figure, the current in D
1
is
(a) 8 mA
(b) 5 mA
(c) 0 mA
(d) -3 mA


62. The transconductance g
m
of the
transistor shown in figure is 10 mS. The
value of the input resistance R
IN
is
(a) 10.0 kΩ
(b) 8.3 kΩ
(c) 5.0 kΩ
(d) 2.5 kΩ
Z
Z
a
Z
c
b
100
o
a
I A =
10180
o
b
I A =
IC=0
1kΩ
5V
D2 D1
8V
1kΩ
β=50
10kD
VCC
C=α Vo
RC
VS
C=α
1kD
10kD
C=α
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+4V
1mA
R
VT=-1V
63. The value of R for which the PMOS transistor in figure will be biased in linear
region is







(a) 220 Ω (b) 470 Ω (c) 680 Ω (d) 1200 Ω

64. In the active filter circuit shown in figure, if Q=1, a pair of poles will be realized
with ω
0
equal to










(a) 1000 rad/s (b) 100 rad/s (c) 10 rad/s (d) 1 rad/s

65. The input resistance
x
IN
x
v
R
i
| |
=
|
\ .
of the circuit
in figure is
(a) +100kΩ
(b) -100kΩ
(c) +1 MΩ
(d) - 1 MΩ


66. The simplified form of the Boolean expression
( ) ( )
. . . Y ABC D AD BC = + + can be
written as
(a) . . . AD BC D + (b) AD + B. . C D
(c)
( ) ( )
. A D BC D + + (d) . . AD BC D +
R2
+
-
1nF
1nF
R1=200kΩ
Ix
+
-
R1=10kΩ
R3=1MΩ
R2=100kΩ
Vx
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B3
A3
B2
A2
B1 A1
B0 A0
Y
67. A digital circuit, which compares two numbers,
3 2 1 0 3 2 1 0
, , , , A A A A B B B B is shown in
figure. To get output Y=0, choose one pair of correct input numbers.















(a) 1010, 1010 (b) 0101, 0101 (c) 0010, 0010 (d) 0010, 1011

68. The digital circuit shown in figure generates a modified clock pulse at the output.
Choose the correct output waveform form the options given below.











(a) (b)



(c) (d)


PR=1
CL=1
O/P
1
1
CLK
J
Q
K
Q
CLK
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VO
1kD
+5V
Vi=0
200D
I=1.25mA
R(s) C(s) +
1
s
1
s
+
+
+

69. In the Schmitt trigger circuit shown in
figure, if V
CE(sat)
=0.1V, the output logic low
level (V
OL
) is
(a) 1.25 V
(b) 1.35 V
(c) 2.50 V
(d) 5.00 V






70. If the following program is executed in a microprocessor, the number of
instruction cycles it will take from START TO HALT is

START MV1A, 14 H
SHIFT RLC
JNZ SHIFT
HALT
:
:
:
Move 14 H to register A
Rotate left without carry
Jump on non-zero to SHIFT
(a) 4 (b) 8 (c) 13 (d) 16

71. For the equation,
3 2
4 6 0 s s s − + + = , the number of roots in the left half of s-
plane will be
(a) zero (b) one (c) two (d) three

72. For the block diagram shown in figure, the transfer function
( )
( )
C s
R s
is equal to





(a)
2
2
1 s
s
+
(b)
2
2
1 s s
s
+ +
(c)
2
1
1 s s + +
(d)
2
1 s s
s
+ +



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73. The state variable description of a linear autonomous system is X = AX,
where X is the two dimensional state vector and A is the system matrix given by

0 2
.
2 0
A

=


The roots of the characteristic equation are
(a) -2 and +2 (b) -j2 and +j2 (c) -2 and -2 (d) +2 and -2

74. The block diagram of a closed loop control system is given by figure. The values
of K and P such that the system has a damping ratio of 0.7 and an undamped
natural frequency ω
n
of 5 rad/sec, are respectively equal to
(a) 20 and 0.3
(b) 20 and 0.2
(c) 25 and 0.3
(d) 25 and 0.2


75. The unit impulse response of a second order under-damped system starting from
rest is given by
( )
6
12.5 sin8 , 0
t
c t e t t

= ≥
The steady-state value of the unit step response of the system is equal to
(a) 0 (b) 0.25 (c) 0.5 (d) 1.0

76. In the system shown in figure, the input x(t)=sin t. In the steady-state, the
response y(t) will be



(a)
( )
1
sin 45
2
o
t − (b)
( )
1
sin 45
2
o
t + (c)
( )
sin 45
o
t − (d)
( )
sin 45
o
t +

77. The open loop transfer function of a unity feedback control system is given as
( )
2
1
.
as
G s
s
+
=
The value of `a´ to give a phase margin of 45° is equal to
(a) 0.141 (b) 0.441 (c) 0.841 (d) 1.141





R(s)
( ) 2
K
s s +
C(s)
1+sP
+
-
1
s
s +
y(t)
x(t)
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78. A CRO probe has an impedance of 500 kΩ in parallel with a capacitance of 10 pF.
The probe is used to measure the voltage between P and Q as shown in figure.
The measured voltage will be
(a) 3.53 V
(b) 4.37 V
(c) 4.54 V
(d) 5.00 V


79. A moving coil of a meter has 100 turns, and a length and depth of 10 mm and 20
mm respectively. It is positioned in a uniform radial flux density of 200 mT. The
coil carries a current of 50 mA. The torque on the coil is
(a) 200 µNm (b) 100 µNm (c) 1000 µNm (d) 1 µNm

80. A dc A-h meter is rated for 15 A, 250V. The meter constant is 14.4 A-sec/rev.
The meter constant at rated voltage may be expressed as
(a) 3750 rev/kWh (b) 3600 rev/kWh (c) 1000 rev/kWh (d) 960 rev/kWh

81. A moving iron ammeter produces a full-scale torque of 240 µNm with a deflection
of 120° at a current of 10 A. The rate of change of self inductance (µH/radian) of
the instrument at full scale is
(a) 2.0 µH/radian (b) 4.8 µH/radian
(c) 12.0 µH/radian (d) 114.6 µH/radian

82. A single-phase load is connected between R and Y terminals of a 415 V,
symmetrical, 3-phase, 4-wire system with phase sequence RYB. A wattmeter is
connected in the system as shown in figure. The power factor of the load is 0.8
lagging. The wattmeter will read
(a) -795 W
(b) -597 W
(c) +597 W
(d) +795 W




83. A 50 Hz, bar primary CT has a secondary with 500 turns. The secondary supplies
5A current into a purely resistive burden of 1Ω. The magnetizing ampere-turns is
200. The phase angle between the primary and secondary current is
(a) 4.6° (b) 85.4° (c) 94.6° (d) 175.4°


~
100kΩ
P
Q
100kΩ
To CRO
through
Probe
10V rms
100kHz
R
Y
B
N
Z
W
100Ω
0.8pf lag
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84. The core flux in the CT of problem 83, under the given operating condition is
(a) 0 (b) 45.0 µWb (c) 22.5 mWb (d) 100.0 mWb

85. A MOSFET rated for 15 A, carries a periodic current as shown in figure. The ON
state resistance of the MOSFET is 0.15Ω. The average ON state loss in the
MOSFET is
(a) 33.8 W
(b) 15.0 W
(c) 7.5 W
(d) 3.8 W

86. The triac circuit shown in figure controls the ac output power to the resistive
load. The peak power dissipation in the load is
(a) 3968 W
(b) 5290 W
(c) 7935 W
(d) 10580 W

87. Figure shows a chopper operating from a 100 V dc input. The duty ratio of the
main switch S is 0.8. The load is sufficiently inductive so that the load current is
ripple free. The average current through the diode D under steady state is






(a) 1.6 A (b) 6.4 A (c) 8.0 A (d) 10.0 A

88. Figure shows a chopper. The device S1 is the main switching device. S2 is the
auxiliary commutation device. S1 is rated for 400V, 60A. S2 is rated for 400V, 30
A. the load current is 20 A. The main device operates with a duty ratio of 0.5.
The peak current through S1 is






(a) 10 A (b) 20 A (c) 30 A (d) 40 A

10A
ωt
0
π
3π 2π
230 2 sin t ω
α=
4
π

R=10Ω
S
D 10Ω 100V
S1
2µF
20A
200V
D
S2
200µH
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89. A single-phase half-controlled rectifier is driving a separately excited dc motor.
The dc motor has a back emf constant of 0.5 V/rpm. The armature current is 5A
without any ripple. The armature resistance is 2Ω. The converter is working from
a 230 V, single-phase ac source with a firing angle of 30°. Under this operating
condition, the speed of the motor will be
(a) 339 rpm (b) 359 rpm (c) 366 rpm (d) 386 rpm

90. A variable speed drive rated for 1500 rpm, 40 Nm is reversing under no load.
Figure shows the reversing torque and the speed during the transient. The
moment of inertia of the drive is

















(a) 0.048 kg m
2
(b) 0.064 kg m
2

(c) 0.096 kg m
2
(d) 0.128 kg m
2



+20Nm
t
Torque
0.5sec
Speed
t
-1500rpm
+500rpm

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th
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Duration: 3 Hours Maximum Marks:150


Read the following instructions carefully:

1. This question paper contains 90 objective questions. Q.1 to Q.30 carry One mark each and
Q.31 to Q.90 carry Two marks each.
2. Answer all the questions.
3. Questions must be answered on special machine gradable Objective Response Sheet
(ORS) by darkening the appropriate bubble (marked A, B, C, D) against the question
number on the left hand side of the ORS, using HB pencil. Each question has only one
correct answer. In case you wish to change an answer, erase the old answer completely
using a good soft eraser.
4. There will be NEGATIVE marking. In Q.1 to Q.30, 0.25 mark will be deducted for each
wrong answer and in Q.31 to Q.90, 0.5 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer.
More than one answer marked against a question will be deemed as an incorrect response
and will be negatively marked.
5. Write your registration number, name and name of the Centre at the specified locations on
the right half of the ORS.
6. Using HB pencil, darken the appropriate bubble under each digit of your registration
number and the letters corresponding to your paper code.
7. No charts or tables are provided in the examination hall.
8. Use the blank pages given at the end of the question paper for rough work.
9. Choose the closest numerical answer among the choice given.
10. Please check all pages and report, if there is any discrepancy.




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Q.1 - Q.30 CARRY ONE MARK EACH

1. Fig.Q1 shows the waveform of the current passing through an inductor of
resistance 1Ω and inductance 2 H. The energy absorbed by the inductor in the
first four seconds is
(a) 144 J
(b) 98 J
(c) 132 J
(d) 168 J

2. A segment of a circuit is shown in Fig.Q2. V
R
= 5V, V
C
= 4 sin 2t. The voltage V
L

is given by
(a) 3 - 8 cos 2t
(b) 32 sin 2t
(c) 16 sin 2t
(d) 16 cos 2t





3. In the Fig.Q3. Z
1
=10∠-60°, A2=10∠60°, Z
3
=50∠53.13°. The Venn impedance
seen from X-Y is
(a) 56.6∠45°
(b) 60∠30°
(c) 70∠30°
(d) 34.4∠65°



4. Two conductors are carrying forward and return current of +I and -I as shown in
Fig.Q4. The magnetic field intensity H at point P is





(a)
I
y
d π
(b)
I
x
d π
(c)
2
I
y
d π
(d)
2
I
x
d π

0
2S
6A
4S
t
+


− +
+
VR
2A
5Ω
1F
VL
VC
2H
P R
S
Q
~
Z1
Z3
Z2
X
Y
+

100∠0°
z

x

y

P
-I +I
d d
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5. Two infinite strips of width w m in x direction as shown in Fig.Q5, are carrying
forward and return currents of +I and -I in the z direction. The strips are
separated by a distance of xm. The inductance per unit length of the
configuration is measured to be L H/m. If the distance of separation between the
strips is now reduced to ,
2
x
m the inductance per unit length of the configuration
is

(a) 2L H/m
(b) L/4 H/m
(c) L/2 H/m
(d) 4L H/m


6. A single phase transformer has a maximum efficiency of 90% at full load and
unity power factor. Efficiency at half load at the same power factor is
(a) 86.7% (b) 88.26% (c) 88.9% (d) 87.8%

7. Group I lists different applications and Group II lists the motors for these
applications. Match the application with the most suitable motor and choose the
right combination among the choices given thereafter

Group I Group II
P Food mixer 1 Permanent magnet dc motor
Q Cassette tape recorder 2 Single phase induction motor
R Domestic water pump 3 Universal motor
S Escalator 4 Three phase induction motor
5 DC series motor
6 Stepper motor

(a) P - 3 Q - 6 R - 4 S - 5 (b) P - 1 Q - 3 R - 2 S - 4
(c) P - 3 Q - 1 R - 2 S - 4 (d) P - 3 Q - 2 R - 1 S - 4

8. A stand-alone engine driven Synchronous generator is feeding a partly inductive
load. A capacitor is now connected across the load to completely nullify the
inductive current. For this operating condition.
(a) the field current and fuel input have to be reduced
(b) the field current and fuel input have to be increased
(c) the field current has to be increased and fuel input left unaltered
(d) the field current has to be reduced and fuel input left unaltered

z

x

y

+I
-I
w
x
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9. Curves X and Y in Fig.Q9 denote open circuit and full-load zero power factor (zpf)
characteristics of asynchronous generator. Q is a point on the zpf characteristics
at 1.0 p.u. voltage. The vertical distance PQ in Fig.Q.9 gives the voltage drop
across
(a) Synchronous reactance
(b) Magnetizing reactance
(c) Potier reactance
(d) Leakage reactance




10. No-load test on a 3-phase induction motor was conducted at different supply
voltages and a plot of input power versus voltage was drawn. This curve was
extrapolated to intersect the y-axis. This intersection point yields
(a) Core loss (b) Stator copper loss
(c) Stray load loss (d) Friction and windage loss

11. Bundled conductors are mainly used in high voltage overhead transmission lines
to
(a) reduce transmission line losses
(b) increase mechanical strength of the line
(c) reduce corona (d) reduce sag

12. A power system consists of 300 buses out of which 20 buses are generator
buses, 25 buses are the ones with reactive power support and 15 buses are the
ones with fixed shunt capacitors. All the other buses are load buses. It is
proposed to perform a load flow analysis for the system using Newton-Raphson
method. The size of the Newton-Raphson Jacobian matrix is
(a) 553×553 (b) 540×540 (c) 555×555 (d) 554×554

13. Choose two appropriate auxiliary components of a HVDC transmission system
from the following
P D.C. line inductor
Q A.C. line inductor
R Reactive power sources
S Distance relays on D.C. line
T Series capacitance of A.C. line
(a) P and Q (b) P and R (c) Q and S (d) S and T

P
Q
X
Y
1.0
Voltage (p.u)
Field Current
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14. A round rotor generator with internal voltage E
1
= 2.0 p.u. and X = 1.1 p.u. is
connected to a round rotor synchronous motor with internal voltage E
2
= 1.3 p.u.
and X = 1.2 p.u. The reactance of the line connecting the generator to the motor
is 0.5 p.u. when the generator supplies 0.5 p.u. power, the rotor angle difference
between the machines will be
(a) 57.42° (b) 1° (c) 32.58° (d) 122.58°

15. The interrupting time of a circuit breaker is the period between the instant of
(a) initiation of short circuit and the arc extinction on an opening operation
(b) energizing of the trip circuit and the arc extinction on an opening operation
(c) initiation of short circuit and the parting of primary arc contacts
(d) energizing of the trip circuit and the parting of primary arc contacts

16. The variation of drain current with gate-to-source voltage
( ) characteristic
D GS
I V − of a MOSFET is shown in Fig.Q.16. The MOSFET is
(a) an n-channel depletion mode device
(b) an n-channel enhancement mode device
(c) a p-channel depletion mode device
(d) a p-channel enhancement mode device


17. In the circuit of Fig.Q17, assume that the transistor has
99 and 0.7 .
FE BE
h V V = = The value of collector current I
C
of the transistor is
approximately
(a) [3.3/3.3] mA
(b) [3.3/(3.3+.33] mA
(c) [3.3/33] mA
(d) [3.3/(33+3.3] mA



18. For the circuit of Fig.Q18 with an ideal operational amplifier, the maximum phase
shift of the output V
out
with reference to the input V
in
is






(a) 0° (b) -90° (c) +90° (d) ±180°
ID
VGS 0
3.3kΩ
33kΩ
4V
3.3kΩ
12V
IC
+

R
C
R1
R1
vout
Vin
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19. Fig.Q19 shows a 4 to 1 MUX to be used to implement the sum S of a 1-bit full
adder with input bits P and Q and the carry input C
in
. Which of the following
combinations of inputs to I
0
, I
1
, I
2
and I
3
of the MUX will realize the sum S?
(a)
0 1 2 3
;
in in
I I C I I C = = = =
(b)
0 1 2 3
;
in in
I I C I I C = = = =
(c)
0 3 1 2
;
in in
I I C I I C = = = =
(d)
0 3 1 2
;
in in
I I C I I C = = = =


20. When a program is being executed in an 8085 microprocessor, its Program
Counter contains
(a) the number of instructions in the current program that have already been
executed
(b) the total number of instructions in the program being executed
(c) the memory address of the instruction that is being currently executed
(d) the memory address of the instruction that is to be executed next

21. A control system is defined by the following mathematical relationship

( )
2
2
2
6 5 12 1
t
d x dx
x e
dt
dt

+ + = −
The response of the system as t ∞ is
(a) x = 6 (b) x = 2 (c) x = 2.4 (d) x = -2

22. A lead compensator used for a closed loop controller has the following transfer
function
1
1
s
K
a
s
b
| |
+
|
\ .
| |
+
|
\ .
.
For such a lead compensator
(a) a < b (b) b < a (c) a > Kb (d) a < Kb

23. A second order system starts with an initial condition of
2
3



without any external
input. The state transition matrix for the system is given by
2
0
.
0
t
t
e
e






The
state of the system at the end of 1 second is given by
(a)
0.271
1.100



(b)
0.135
0.368



(c)
0.271
0.736



(d)
0.135
1.100




P Q
I0
F
S1
S
4 to 1 MUX
I1
I3
I2
S0
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24. A Manganin swamp resistance is connected in series with a moving coil ammeter
consisting of a milli-ammeter and a suitable shunt in order to
(a) minimize the effect of temperature variation
(b) obtain large deflecting torque
(c) reduce the size of the meter
(d) minimize the effect of stray magnetic fields

25. The effect of stray magnetic fields on the actuating torque of a portable
instrument is maximum when the operating field of the instrument and the stray
fields are
(a) perpendicular (b) parallel
(c) inclined at 60° (d) inclined at 30°

26. A reading of 120 is obtained when a standard inductor was connected in the
circuit of a Q-meter and the variable capacitor is adjusted to a value of 300 pF. A
lossless capacitor of unknown value C
x
is then connected in parallel with the
variable capacitor and the same reading was obtained when the variable
capacitor is readjusted to a value of 200 pF. The value of C
x
in pF is
(a) 100 (b) 200 (c) 300 (d) 500

27. Fig.Q27 shows a thyristor with the standard terminations of anode (A), cathode
(K), gate (G) and the different junctions named J1, J2 and J3. When the thyristor
is turned on and conducting










(a) J1 and J2 are forward biased and J3 is reverse biased
(b) J1 and J3 are forward biased and J2 is reverse biased
(c) J1 is forward biased and J2 and J3 are reverse biased
(d) J1, J2 and J3 are all forward biased



A
G
K
N
P
N
P
J1
J2
J3
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28. Fig.Q28 shown a MOSFET with an integral body diode. It is employed as a power
switching device in the ON and OFF states through appropriate control. The ON
and OFF states of the switch are given on the V
DS
-I
S
plane by





















(a) Fig.A (b) Fig.B (c) Fig.C (d) Fig.D

29. The speed/torque regimes in a dc motor and the control methods suitable for the
same are given respectively in Group II and Group I

Group I Group II
P Field Control 1 Below base speed
Q Armature Control 2 Above base speed
3 Above base torque
4 Below base torque

(a) P - 1; Q - 3 (b) P - 2; Q - 1 (c) P - 2; Q - 3 (d) P - 1; Q - 4

D
G
S
IS
VDS
× ×
IS
×
VDS
Fig.A
×
×
IS
×
VDS
Fig.B
×
×
IS
×
VDS
Fig.C
× ×
IS
×
VDS
Fig.D
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30. A fully controlled natural commuted 3-phase bridge rectifier is operating with a
firing angle α=30°. The peak to peak voltage ripple expressed as a ratio of the
peak output dc voltage at the output of the converter bridge is
(a) 0.5 (b)
3
2
(c)
3
1
2
| |
− |
|
\ .
(d) 3 1 −

Q.31 - Q.90 CARRY TWO MARKS EACH

31. In the circuit of Fig.Q31, the magnitudes of V
L

and V
C
are twice that of V
K
. The inductance of
the coil is
(a) 2.14 mH
(b) 5.30 H
(c) 3.18 mH
(d) 1.32 H

32. In Fig.Q32, the potential difference between points P and Q is
(a) 12 V
(b) 10 V
(c) -6 V
(d) 8 V




33. Two ac sources feed a common variable resistive load as shown in Fig.Q33.
Under the maximum power transfer condition, the power absorbed by the load
resistance R
L
is
(a) 2200 W
(b) 1250 W
(c) 1000 W
(d) 625 W


34. In Fig.34, the value of R is
(a) 10Ω
(b) 18Ω
(c) 24Ω
(d) 12Ω

L
VC
VL
VR
5Ω
5∠0°
C
~
2A
2Ω 4Ω
10V
8Ω 6Ω
Q P
+
~ ~
6Ω
j8Ω
6Ω
j8Ω
RL
110∠0°
90∠0°
14Ω
1Ω
40V
2Ω
100V
10A
RΩ
+
-
5A
+
-
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35. A balanced delta connected load of (8+j6) Ω per phase is connected to a 400 V,
50 Hz, 3-phase supply lines. If the input power factor is to be improved to 0.9 by
connecting a bank of star connected capacitors the required kVAR of the bank is
(a) 42.7 (b) 10.2 (c) 28.8 (d) 38.4

36. In the circuit shown in Fig.Q36, the switch S is closed at time t = 0. the voltage
across the inductance at t = 0
+
, is





(a) 2V (b) 4V (c) -6V (d) 8V

37. The h-parameters for a two-port network are defined by
1 11 12 1
2 21 22 2
.
E h h I
I h h E

=


For the two-port network shown in Fig.Q37, the value of h
12

is given by
(a) 0.125
(b) 0.167
(c) 0.625
(d) 0.25

38. A point charge of +1 nC is placed in a space with a permitivity of 8.85 × 10
-12
F/m
as shown in Fig.Q38. The potential difference V
PQ
between two points P and Q at
distances of 40 mm and 20 mm respectively from the point charge is
(a) 0.22 kV
(b) -225 V
(c) -2.24 kV
(d) 15 V


39. A parallel plate capacitor has an electrode area of 100 mm
2
, with a spacing of
0.1mm between the electrodes. The dielectric between the plates is air with a
permittivity of 8.85×10
-12
F/m. The charge on the capacitor is 100 V. the stored
energy in the capacitor is
(a) 8.85 pJ (b) 440 pJ (c) 22.1 nJ (d) 44.3 nJ




3Ω
10V
4Ω
+
-
4Ω
4F
4H
S
2Ω 4Ω
4Ω
2Ω
2Ω
E1
E2
I2 I1
P
Q
1nC
20mm
40mm
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40. A composite parallel plate capacitor is made up of two different dielectric
materials with different thickness (t
1
and t
2
) as shown in Fig.Q40. The two
different dielectric materials are separated by a conducting foil F. The voltage of
the conducting foil is
(a) 52 V
(b) 60 V
(c) 67 V
(d) 33 V

41. Fig.Q41 shows an ideal single-phase transformer. The primary and secondary
coils are wound on the core as shown. Turns ratio
1
2
2.
N
N
| |
=
|
\ .
The correct phasors
of voltages E
1
, E
2
currents I
1
, I
2
and core flux Φ are as shown in
















(a) Fig. A (b) Fig. B (c) Fig. C (d) Fig. D

42. To conduct load test on a dc shunt motor, it is coupled to a generator which is
identical to the motor. The field of the generator is also connected to the same
supply source as the motor. The armature of the generator is connected to a load
resistance. The armature resistance id 0.02 p.u. armature reaction and
mechanical losses can be neglected. With rated voltage across the motor, the
load resistance across the generator is adjusted to obtain rated armature current
in both motor and generator. The p.u. value of this load resistance is
(a) 1.0 (b) 0.98 (c) 0.96 (d) 0.94


~
O
N1
N2 E1
E2
I1
I2
100V
0V
cr1=3;t1=0.5mm
cr2=4;t2=1mm
F
O
E2
I1
I2
Fig.A
E1
O
E2
I1
I2
Fig.B
E1 E1
E2
I2
I1
O
Fig.C
E1
E2
I2
O
I1
Fig.D
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43. Fig.Q43 shows a -Y connected 3-phase
distribution transformer used to step down
the voltage from 11000 V to 415 V line-to-
line. It has two switches S
1
and S
2
. Under
normal conditions S
1
is closed and S
2
is
open. Under certain special conditions S
1
is
open and S
2
is closed. In such a case the
magnitude of the voltage across the LV
terminals a and c is
(a) 240 V
(b) 480 V
(c) 415 V
(d) 0 V

44. Fig.Q44 shows an ideal three-winding transformer. The three windings 1,2,3 of
the transformer are wound on the same core as shown. The turn´s ratio N
1
:N
2
:N
3

is 4:2:1. A resistor of 10Ω is connected across winding-2. A capacitor of
reactance 2.5Ω is connected across winding-3. Widing-1 is connected across a
400 V, ac supply. If the supply voltage phasor V
1
= 400∠0°, the supply current
phasor I
1
is given by
(a) (-10 + j10) A
(b) (-10 - j10) A
(c) (10 + j10) A
(d) (10 - j10) A






45. Following are some of the properties of rotating electrical machines
P Stator winding current is dc, rotor-winding current is ac
Q Stator winding current is ac, rotor-winding current is dc
R Stator winding current is ac, rotor-winding current is ac
S Stator has salient poles and rotor has commutator
T Rotor has salient poles and sliprings and stator is cylindrical
U Both stator and rotor have poly-phase windings

DC machines. Synchronous machines and Induction machines exhibit some of the
above properties as given in the following table. Indicate the correct combination
from this table

~
N1 N2
V1
R=10Ω
I1
1 2
3
N3
XC=2.5Ω
A
B
C
HV
S1
S2
a
b
c

LV
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DC machines Synchronous machines Induction machines
(a) P.S Q.T R.U
(b) Q.U P.T R.S
(c) P.S R.U Q.T
(d) R.S Q.U P.T

46. When Stator and Rotor windings of a 2-pole rotating electrical machine are
excited, each would produce a sinusoidal mmf distribution in the air gap with
peak values F
s
and F
r
respectively. The rotor mmf lags stator mmf by a space
angle δ at any instant as shown in Fig.Q46. Thus, half of stator and rotor surfaces
will form one pole with the other half forming the second pole. Further, the
direction of torque acting on the rotor can be clockwise or counter-clockwise.











The following Table gives four sets of statements as regards poles and torque.
Select the correct set corresponding to the mmf axes as shown in Fig.Q46.


Stator
Surface ABC
forms
Stator Surface CDA
forms
Rotor
Surface
cda forms
Rotor
Surface cda
forms
Torque is
(a) North Pole South Pole North Pole South Pole Clockwise
(b) South Pole North Pole North Pole South Pole
Counter
clockwise
(c) North Pole South Pole South Pole North Pole
Counter
clockwise
(d) South Pole North Pole South Pole North Pole Clockwise

47. A 4-pole, 3-phase, double layer winding is housed in a 36-slot stator for an ac
machine with 60° phase spread. Coil span is 7 slot pitches. Number of slots in
which top and bottom layers belong to different phases is
(a) 24 (b) 18 (c) 12 (d) 0
+
A
B
C
D
a
b
c
d
õ
Fs
Fr
Stator
Air gap
Rotor
Stator mmf axis
Rotor mmf axis
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48. A 3-phase Inductor Motor is driving a constant torque load at rated voltage and
frequency. If both voltage and frequency are halved, following statements relate
to the new condition if stator resistance, leakage reactance and core loss are
ignored.
P The difference between synchronous speed and actual speed remains same
Q The air-gap flux remains same
R The stator current remains same
S The p.u. slip remains same
Among the above, correct statements are
(a) All (b) P, Q and R (c) Q, R and S (d) P and S

49. A single phase induction motor with only the main winding excited would exhibit
the following response at synchronous speed
(a) Rotor current is zero
(b) Rotor current is non-zero and is at slip frequency
(c) Forward and backward rotating fields are equal
(d) Forward rotating field is more than the backward rotating field

50. A dc series motor driving an electric train faces a constant power load. It is
running at rated speed and rated voltage. If the speed has to be brought down to
0.25 p.u. the supply voltage has to be approximately brought down to
(a) 0.75 p.u. (b) 0.5 p.u. (c) 0.25 p.u. (d) 0.125 p.u.

51. The ABCD parameters of a 3-phase overhead transmission line are A = D =0.9∠0
B = 200∠90°Ω and C = 0.95×10
-3
∠90°S. At no-load condition a shunt inductive
reactor is connected at the receiving end of the line to limit the receiving end
voltage to be equal to the sending end voltage. The ohmic value of the reactor is
(a) ∞ Ω (b) 2000 Ω (c) 105.26 Ω (d) 1052.6 Ω

52. A surge of 20 kV magnitude travels along a lossless cable towards its junction
with two identical lossless overhead transmission lines. The inductance and the
capacitance of the cable are 0.4 mH and 0.5 µF per km. The inductance and
capacitance of the overhead transmission lines are 1.5 mH and 0.015 µF per km.
The magnitude of the voltage at the junction due to surge is
(a) 36.72 kV (b) 18.36 kV (c) 6.07 kV (d) 33.93 kV







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53. A dc distribution system is shown in Fig.Q53 with load currents as marked. The
two ends of the feeder are fed by voltage sources such that 3 .
P Q
V V V − = the
value of the voltage V
P
for a minimum voltage of 220 V at any point along the
feeder is







(a) 225. 89 V (b) 222.89 V (c) 220.0 V (d) 228.58 V

54. A 3-phase, 11-kV generator feeds power to a constant power unity power factor
load of 100 MW through a 3-phase transmission line. The line-to-line voltage at
the terminals of the machine is maintained constant at 11 kV. The per unit
positive sequence impedance of the line based on 100 MVA and 11 kV is j 0.2.
The line-to-line voltage at the load terminals is measured to be less than 11 kV.
The total reactive power to be injected at the terminals of the load to increase
the line-to-line voltage at the load terminals to 11 kV is
(a) 100 MVAR (b) 10.1 MVAR (c) -100 MVAR (d) -10.1 MVAR

55. The bus impedance matrix of a 4-bus power system is given by

0.3435 0.2860 0.2723 0.2277
0.2860 0.3408 0.2586 0.2414
0.2723 0.2586 0.2791 0.2209
0.2277 0.2414 0.2209 0.2791
bus
j j j j
j j j j
Z
j j j j
j j j j



=





A branch having an impedance of j0.2Ω is connected between bus 2 and the
reference. Then the values of Z
22,new
and Z
23, new
of the bus impedance matrix of
the modified network are respectively.
(a) j0.5408 Ω and j0.4586 Ω (b) j0.1260 Ω and j0.0956 Ω
(c) j0.5408 Ω and j0.0956 Ω (d) j0.1260 Ω and j0.1630 Ω

56. A 20-MVA, 6.6-kV, 3-phase alternator is connected to a 3-phase transmission
line. The per unit positive sequence, negative sequence and zero sequence
impedances of the alternator are j0.1, and j0.04 respectively. The neutral of the
alternator is connected to ground through an inductive reactor of j0.05 p.u. The
per unit positive, negative and zero sequence impedances of the transmission
line are j0.1 and j0.3 respectively. All per unit values are based on the machine
ratings. A solid ground fault occurs at one phase of the far end of the
transmission line. The voltage of the alternator neutral with respect to ground
during the fault is
(a) 513.8 V (b) 889.9 V (c) 1112.0 V (d) 642.2 V
P
Q
VP
VQ
R
S
10A
20A
30A
15A
0.1Ω 0.15Ω 0.2Ω
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57. Incremental fuel costs (in some appropriate unit) for a power plant consisting of
three generating units are

1 1
2 2
3
20 0.3
30 0.4
30
IC P
IC P
IC
= +
= +
=

where P
1
is the power in MW generated by unit i, for i = 1,2 and 3. Assume that
all the three units are operating all the time. Minimum and maximum loads on
each unit are 50 MW and 300 MW respectively. If the plant is operating on
economic load dispatch to supply the total power demand of 700 MW, the power
generated by each unit is----------------
(a) P
1
= 242.86 MW; P
2
= 157.14 MW; and P
3
= 300 MW
(b) P
1
= 157.14 MW; P
2
= 242.86 MW; and P
3
= 300 MW
(c) P
1
= 300.0 MW; P
2
= 300.0 MW; and P
3
= 100 MW
(d) P
1
= 233.3 MW; P
2
= 233.3 MW; and P
3
= 233.4 MW

58. A list of relays and the power system components protected by the relays are
given in Group I and Group II respectively. Choose the correct match from the
four choices given below:
Group I Group II
P Distance relay 1 Transformers
Q Under frequency relay 2 Turbines
R Differential relay 3 Busbars
S Buchholz relay 4 Shunt capacitors
5 Alternators
6 Transmission lines

(a) P - 6 Q - 5 R - 3 S - 1 (b) P - 4 Q - 3 R - 2 S - 1
(c) P - 5 Q - 2 R - 1 S - 6 (d) P - 6 Q - 4 R - 5 S - 3

59. A generator delivers power of 1.0 p.u. to an infinite bus through a purely reactive
network. The maximum power that could be delivered by the generator is 2.0
p.u. A three phase fault occurs at the terminals of the generator which reduces
the generator output to zero. The fault is cleared after t
c
second. The original
network is then restored. The maximum swing of the rotor angle is found to be
max
110 δ = electrical degree. Then the rotor angle in electrical degrees at t = t
c
is
(a) 55 (b) 70 (c) 69.14 (d) 72.4




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60. A three-phase alternator generating unbalanced voltages is connected to an
unbalanced load through a 3-phase transmission line as shown in Fig.Q60. the
neutral of the alternator and the star point of the load are solidly grounded. The
phase voltages of the alternator are 10 0 , 10 90 , 10 120 .
a b c
E V E V E V = ∠ ° = ∠ − ° = ∠ °
The positive sequence component of the load current is








(a) 1.310∠-107°A (b) 0.332∠-120°A (c) 0.996∠-120°A (d) 3.510∠-81°A

61. For the n-channel enhancement MOSFET shown in Fig.Q61, the
threshold voltage V
tn
= 2V. The drain current I
D
of the MOSFET is
4 mA when the drain resistance R
D
is 1 kΩ. If the value of RD is
increased to 4Ω, drain current I
D
will become
(a) 2.8 mA (b) 2.0 mA
(c) 1.4 mA (d) 1.0 mA


62. Assuming the operational amplifier to be ideal, the gain V
out
/V
in
for the circuit
shown in Fig.Q62 is






(a) -1 (b) -20 (c) -100 (d) -120

63. A voltage signal 10 sin ωt is applied to the circuit with ideal diodes, as shown in
Fig.Q63. The maximum, and minimum values of the output waveform V
out
of the
circuit are respectively 10 kwΩ
(a) + 10 V and - 10 V
(b) + 4 V and - 4 V
(c) + 7 V and - 4 V
(d) + 4 V and - 7 V

Ea
Eb
Ec
j1.0Ω
j1.0Ω
j1.0Ω
j1.0Ω
j2.0Ω
j3.0Ω
ID
RD
10V
10kΩ
+
-
1kΩ
vout
vin
10kΩ
1kΩ
10kΩ
4V
+
vin
4V
10kΩ
-
vout
+
-
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64. The circuit of Fig.Q64 shows a 555 Timer IC
connected as an astable multivibrator. The
value of the capacitor C is 10 nF. The values
of the resistors R
A
and R
B
for a frequency of
10 kHz and a duty cycle of 0.75 for the
output voltage waveform are
(a) R
A
=3.62 kΩ, R
B
= 3.62 kΩ
(b) R
A
=3.62 kΩ, R
B
= 7.25 kΩ
(c) R
A
=7.25 kΩ, R
B
= 3.62 kΩ
(d) R
A
=7.25 kΩ, R
B
= 7.25 kΩ



65. The simplified block diagram of a 10-bit A/D converter of dual slope integrator
type is shown in Fig.Q65. The 10-bit counter at the output is clocked by a 1 MHz
clock. Assuming negligible timing overhead for the control logic, the maximum
frequency of the analog signal that can be converted using this A/D converter is
approximately






(a) 2 kHz (b) 1 kHz (c) 500 Hz (d) 250 Hz

66. The Boolean expression XYZ XYZ XY Z XYZ XYZ + + + + can be simplified to
(a) XZ XZ YZ + + (b) XZ YZ Y Z + +
(c) XY YZ XZ + + (d) XY Y Z XZ + +

67. The shift register shown in Fig.Q67 is initially loaded with the bit pattern 1010.
Subsequently the shift register is clocked, and with each clock pulse the pattern
gets shifted by one bit position to the right. With each shift, the bit at the serial
input is pushed to the left most position (msb). After how many clock pulses will
the content of the shift register become 1010 again?
(a) 3
(b) 7
(c) 11
(d) 15


RB
C
RA
Th
Tr
R1
VCC
vout
Discharge
555 Timer
IC
10-bit
Counter
Integrator,
Comparator
and Control
Logic
Clock
Digital
output
Reference dc input
Input sample to be
converted
1 MHz
Serial input
1
0 0 1
Clock
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68. An X-Y flip flop, whose Characteristic Table is given below is to be implemented
using a J-K flip flop

X Y
1 n
Q
+

0 0 1
0 1
n
Q
1 0
n
Q
1 1 0

This can be done by making
(a) J = X, K = Y (b) J = , X K = Y
(c) J = Y, K = X (d) J = Y , K = X

69. A memory system has a total of 8 memory chips, each with 12 address lines and
4 data lines. The total size of the memory system is
(a) 6 kbytes (b) 32 kbytes (c) 48 kbytes (d) 64 kbytes






70. The following program is written for an 8085 microprocessor to add two bytes
located at memory addresses 1FFE and 1FFF

LXI H, 1FFE
MOV B, M
INR L
MOV A, M
ADD B
INR L
MOV M, A
XOR A

On completion of the execution of the program, the result of addition is found
(a) in the register A (b) at the memory address 1000
(c) at the memory address 1F00 (d) at the memory address 2000
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71. A control system with certain excitation is governed by the following
mathematical equation

2
4 5
2
1 1
10 5 2
2 18
t t
d x dx
x e e
dt
dt
− −
+ + = + +
The natural time constants of the response of the system are
(a) 2s and 5s (b) 3s and 6s (c) 4s and 5s (d) 1/3s and 1/6s

72. The block diagram shown in Fig.Q72-73 gives a unity feedback closed loop
control system. The steady state error in the response of the above system to
unit step input is
(a) 25%
(b) 0.75%
(c) 6%
(d) 33%

73. The roots of the closed loop characteristic equation of the system shown in
Fig.Q72-73 are
(a) -1 and -15 (b) 6 and 10 (c) -4 and -15 (d) -6 and 10

74. The following equation defines a separately excited dc motor in the form of a
differential equation

2 2
2
a
d B d K K
V
J dt LJ LJ
dt
ω ω
ω + + =

The above equation may be organized in the state-space form as follows

2
2
a
d
d
dt
P QV dt
d
dt
ω
ω
ω
ω





= +






where the P matrix is given by
(a)
2
1 0
B K
J LJ

− −




(b)
2
0 1
K B
LJ J

− −





(c)
2
0 1
K B
LJ J



− −


(d)
2
1 0
B K
J LJ



− −




y(t) u(t)
3
15 s +
15
1 s +
-
+
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75. The loop gain GH of a closed system is given by the following expression
( ) ( ) 2 4
K
s s s + +

The value of K for which the system just becomes unstable is
(a) K = 6 (b) K = 8 (c) K = 48 (d) K = 96

76. The asymptotic Bode plot of the transfer function
1
K
s
a
+
is given in Fig.Q76. The
error in phase angle and dB gain at a frequency of ω=0.5 a are respectively.













(a) 4.9°, 0.97 dB (b) 5.7°, 3 dB (c) 4.9°, 3 dB (d) 5.7°, 0.97 dB

77. The block diagram of a control system is shown in Fig.Q77. The transfer function
G(s) = Y(s)/U(s) of the system is







(a)
1
18 1 1
12 3
s s | | | |
+ +
| |
\ . \ .
(b)
1
27 1 1
6 9
s s | | | |
+ +
| |
\ . \ .

(c)
1
27 1 1
12 9
s s | | | |
+ +
| |
\ . \ .
(d)
1
27 1 1
9 3
s s | | | |
+ +
| |
\ . \ .

G dB
a
ω
20db/decade
20 log K
Ph°
ω
45°/decade
0.1a 10a
Integrator
3
u(t) y(t)
+
Integrator
9
12
2

+


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78. The items in Group I represent the various types of measurements to be made
with a reasonable accuracy using a suitable bridge. The items in Group II
represent the various bridges available for this purpose. Select the correct choice
of the item in Group II for the corresponding item in Group I from the following

Group I Group II
P Resistance in the milli-Ohm range 1 Wheatstone Bridge
Q Low values of Capacitance 2 Kelvin Double Bridge
R Comparison of resistances which are nearly equal 3 Schering Bridge
S Inductance of a coil with a large time constant 4 Wien´s Bridge
5 Hay´s Bridge
6 Carey-Foster Bridge

(a) P - 2 Q - 3 R - 6 S - 5 (b) P - 2 Q - 6 R - 4 S - 5
(c) P - 2 Q - 3 R - 5 S - 4 (d) P - 1 Q - 3 R - 2 S - 6

79. A rectifier type ac voltmeter consists of a series resistance R
s
, an ideal full wave
rectifier bridge and a PMMC instrument as shown in Fig.Q79. The internal
resistance of the instrument is 100 Ω and a full-scale deflection is produced by a
dc current of 1 mA. The value of R
s
Required to obtain full scale deflection with
an ac voltage of 100 V (rms) applied to the input terminals is








(a) 63.56 Ω (b) 89.93 Ω (c) 89.93 Ω (d) 141.3 Ω

80. A wattmeter reads 400 W when its current coil is connected in the R phase and
its pressure coil is connected between this phase and the neutral of a
symmetrical 3-phase system supplying a balanced star connected 0.8p.f.
inductive load. The phase sequence is RYB. What will be the reading of this
wattmeter if its pressure coil alone is reconnected between the B and Y phases,
all other connections remaining as before
(a) 400.0 (b) 519.6 (c) 300.0 (d) 692.8

Rs
~
100V
ac
input
PMMC
millimeter
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81. The inductance of a certain moving-iron ammeter is expressed as
2
10 30 ,
4
L H
θ
µ = + − where θ is the deflection in radians from the zero position.
The control spring torque in 25×10
-6
Nm/radian. The deflection of the pointer in
radian when the meter carries a current of 5A, is
(a) 2.4 (b) 2.0 (c) 1.2 (d) 1.0

82. A 500 A/5 A, 50 Hz current transformer has a bar primary. The secondary burden
is a pure resistance of 1 Ω and it draws a current of 5 A. If the magnetic core
requires 250 AT for magnetization, the percentage ratio error is
(a) 10.56 (b) -10.56 (c) 11.80 (d) -11.80

83. The voltage flux adjustment of a certain 1-phase 220 V induction watt hour
meter is altered so that the phase angle between the applied voltage and the flux
due to it is 85° (instead of 90°). The errors introduced in the reading of this
meter when the current is 5A at power factors of unity and 0.5 lagging are
respectively.
(a) 3.8 mW, 77.4 mW (b) -3.8 mW, -77.4 mW
(c) -4.2 W, -85.1 W (d) 4.2 W, 85.1 W

84. Group II represnts the figures obtained on a CRO screen when the voltage signals
V
x
= V
xm
sin ωt and V
y
= V
ym
sin(ωt+Φ) are given to its X and Y plates
respectively and Φ is changed. Choose the correct value of Φ from Group I to
match with the corresponding figure of Group II
Group I Group II
P Φ = 0
Q Φ = π/2
R π < Φ < 3π/2
S Φ = 3π/2










(a) P - 1 Q - 3 R - 6 S - 5 (b) P - 2 Q - 6 R - 4 S - 5
(c) P - 2 Q - 3 R - 5 S - 4 (d) P - 1 Q - 5 R - 6 S - 5
1
2 3
4 5
6
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85. In the circuit shown in Fig.Q85, the current gain (β) of the ideal transistor is 10.
The operating point of the transistor (V
cc
, I
c
) is








(a) (40V, 4A) (b) (40V, 5A) (c) (0V, 4A) (d) (15V, 4A)

86. A phase controlled half controlled single phase converter is shown in Fig.Q86. The
control angle α = 30°
The output dc voltage wave shape will be a s shown in





















(a) Fig. A (b) Fig. B (c) Fig. C (d) Fig. D

0.5A
10Ω
IC
Vce
15V
40V
α=30° Idc
Vac
Vdc
Fig.A
Vdc
t
Vdc
t
Vdc
t
Fig.C
Vdc
t
Fig.D
Fig.B
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87. A chopper is employed to charge a battery as shown in Fig.Q87. The charging
current is 5A. The duty ratio is 0.2. The chopper output voltage is also shown in
Fig.Q87. The peak to peak ripple current in the charging current is









(a) 0.48 A (b) 1.2 A (c) 2.4 A (d) 1 A

88. An inverter has a periodic output voltage with the output waveform as shown in
Fig.Q88-89. When the conduction angle α=120°, the rms fundamental
component of the output voltage is
(a) 0.78 V
(b) 1.10 V
(c) 0.90 V
(d) 1.27 V

89. With reference to the output waveform given in Fig.Q88-89, the output of the
converter will be free from 5
th
harmonic when
(a) α = 72° (b) α = 36° (c) α = 150° (d) α = 120°

90. An ac induction motor is used for a speed control application. It is driven from an
inverter with a constant V/f control. The motor nameplate details are as follows
V:415 V Ph:3 f:50Hz N:2850 rpm
The motor is run with the inverter output frequency set at 40 Hz, and with half
the rated slip. The running speed of the motor is
(a) 2400 rpm (b) 2280 rpm (c) 2340 rpm (d) 2790 rpm





5A
L=20mH
Vdc
Chopper
12V
200µS
1mS
t
Vdc
60V
α
0
1
π

-1
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SECTION - A
1. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (1.1 - 1.25) of ONE mark
each. For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A, B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.

1.1 In a series RLC circuit at resonance, the magnitude of the voltage developed
across the capacitor
(a) is always zero
(b) can never be greater than the input voltage
(c) can be greater than the input voltage, however, it is 90° out of phase with
the input voltage
(d) can be greater than the input voltage, and is in phase with the input voltage.

1.2 Two incandescent light bulbs of 40 W and 60 W rating are connected in series
across the mains. Then

(a) the bulbs together consume 100 W
(b) the bulbs together consume 50W
(c) the 60 W bulb glows brighter
(d) the 40 W bulb glows brighter

1.3 A unit step voltage is applied at t = 0 to a series RL circuit with zero initial
conditions.
(a) It is possible for the current to be oscillatory.
(b) The voltage across the resistor at t = 0
+
is zero.
(c) The energy stored in the inductor in the steady state is zero.
(d) The resistor current eventually falls to zero.

1.4 Given two coupled inductors L
1
and L
2
, their mutual inductance M satisfies
(a)
2 2
1 2
M L L = + (b)
( )
1 2
2
L L
M
+
>
(c) M >
1 2
L L (d)
1 2
M L L ≤

1.5 A passive 2-port network is in a steady-state. Compared to its input, the steady
state output can never offer
(a) higher voltage (b) lower impedance
(c) greater power (d) better regulation

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1.6 A single-phase transformer is to be switched to the supply to have minimum
inrush current. The switch should be closed at
(a) maximum supply voltage (b) zero supply voltage
(c)
1
2
maximum supply voltage (d)
1
2
maximum supply voltage

1.7 It is desirable to eliminate 5
th
harmonic voltage from the phase voltage of an
alternator. The coils should be short-pitched by an electrical angle of
(a) 30° (b) 36° (c) 72° (d) 18°

1.8 Fig.P1.8 shows the magnetization curves of an alternator at rated armature
current, unity power factor and also at no load. The magnetization curve for rated
armature current, 0.8 power factor leading is given by








(a) curve A (b) curve B (c) curve C (d) curve D

1.9 The core flux of a practical transformer with a resistive load
(a) is strictly constant with load changes
(b) increases linearly with load
(c) increases as the square root of the load
(d) decreases with increased load

1.10 , and
d d d
X X X ′ ′′ are steady state d-axis synchronous reactance, transient d-axis
reactance and sub-transient d-axis reactance of a synchronous machine
respectively. Which of the following statements is true?
(a) >
d d d
X X X ′ ′′ > (b) >
d d d
X X X ′′ ′ >
(c)
d d d
X X X ′ ′′ > > (d)
d d d
X X X ′′ ′ > >

1.11 A 50 Hz balanced three-phase, Y-connected supply is connected to a balanced
three phase Y-connected load. If the instantaneous phase-α of the supply voltage
is Vcos(ωt) and the phase-α of the load current is Icos(ωt-φ), the instantaneous
three-phase power is
(a) a constant with a magnitude of VIcosφ
A
B
C
D
No load
Rated armature
current unit pf
Exciting current
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(b) a constant with a magnitude of (3/2)VIcosφ
(c) time-varying with an average value of (3/2) VIcosφ and a frequency of 100
Hz.
(d) time-varying with an average value of VIcosφ and a frequency of 50 Hz.

1.12 In the protection of transformers, harmonic restraint is used to guard aainst
(a) magnetizing inrush current (b) unbalanced operation
(c) lightning (d) switching over-voltages

1.13 A lossless radial transmission line with surge impedance loading
(a) takes negative VAR at sending end and zero VAR at receiving end
(b) takes positive VAR at sending end and zero VAR at receiving end
(c) has flat voltage profile and unity power factor at all points along it
(d) has sending end voltage higher than receiving end voltage and unity power
factor at sending end

1.14 The polar plot of a type-1, 3-pole, open-loop system is shown in Fig.P1.14. the
closed loop system is







(a) always stable
(b) marginally stable
(c) unstable with one pole on the right half s-plane
(d) unstable with two poles on the right half s-plane

1.15 Given the homogeneous state-space equaion

3 1
0 2
x x

=


the steady state value ( ) lim ,
ss
t
x x t
→∞
= given the initial state value of x(0) = [10 -
10]
T
, is
(a)
0
0
ss
x

=


(b)
3
2
ss
x

=



(c)
10
10
ss
x

=


(d)
ss
x

=





GH - plane

-1.42

0
o
w=∞

w=0

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1.16 If an energy meter disc makes 10 revolutions in 100 seconds when a load of 450
W is connected to it, the meter constant (in rev/kWh) is
(a) 1000 (b) 500 (c) 1600 (d) 800
1.17 The minimum number of wattmeter (s) required to measure 3-phase, 3-wire
balanced or unbalanced power is
(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4

1.18 In the single-stage transistor amplifier circuit shown in Fig.P1.18, the capacitor C
E

is removed. Then, the ac small-signal midband voltage gain of the amplifier









(a) increases (b) decreases
(c) is unaffected (d) drops to zero

1.19. Among the following four, the slowest ADC (analog-to-digital converter) is
(a) parallel comparator (i.e., flash) type
(b) successive approximation type
(c) integrating type (d) counting type

1.20. The output of a logic gate is "1¨ when all its inputs are at logic "0¨. The gate is
either
(a) a NAND or an EX-OR gate (b) a NOR or an EX-OR gate
(c) an AND or an EX-NOR gate (d) a NOR or an EX-NOR gate

1.21. The output f of the 4-to-1 MUX shown in Fig.P1.21 is








(a) xy x + (b) x+y (c) x y + (d) xy+x
CE
+12V
Input
Output
+
-
+
VCC
2
1
0
S1 S0
X
Y
MUX
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1.22. An op-amp has an open-loop gain of 10
5
and an open-loop upper cutoff frequency
of 10 Hz. If this op-amp is connected as an amplifier with a closed-loop gain of
100, then the new upper cutoff frequency is
(a) 10 Hz (b) 100 Hz (c) 10 kHz (d) 100 kHz
1.23. The main reason for connecting a pulse transformer at the output stage of a
thyristor triggering circuit is to
(a) amplifying the power of the triggering pulse
(b) provide electrical isolation
(c) reduce the turn on time of the thyristor
(d) avoid spurious triggering of the thyristor due to noise

1.24. AC-to-DC circulating current dual converters are operated with the following
relationship between their triggering angles (α
1
and α
2
).
(a) α
1
+ α
2
= 180° (b) α
1
+ α
2
= 360°
(c) α
1
- α
2
= 180° (d) α
1
+ α
2
= 90°

1.25 In case of an armature controlled separately excited dc motor drive with closed-
loop speed control, an inner current loop is useful because it
(a) limits the speed of the motor to a safe value
(b) helps in improving the drive energy efficiency
(c) limits the peak current of the motor to the permissible value
(d) reduces the steady state speed error

2. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (2.1 - 2.25) of TWO marks
each. For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A, B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.

2.1 The electric field E

(in volts/metre) at the point (1,1,0) due to a point charge of
+1µC located at (-1,1,1) (coordinates in metres)is

(a) ( )
6
0
10
2
20 5
i k
πε

− (b) ( )
6
0
10
2
20
i k
πε


(c) ( )
6
0
10
2
20 5
i k
πε


− (d) ( )
6
0
10
2
20
i k
πε




2.2. A connected network of N>2 nodes has at most one branch directly connecting
any pair of nodes. The graph of the network
(a) must have at least N branches for one or more closed paths to exist
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(b) can have an unlimited number of branches
(c) can only have at most N branches
(d) can have a minimum number of branches not decided by N

2.3. Consider the star network shown in Fig.P2.3. The resistance between terminals A
and B with C open is 6Ω, between terminals B and C with A open is 11Ω, and
between terminals C and A with B open is 9Ω. Then








(a) 4 , 2 , 5
A B C
R R R = Ω = Ω = Ω (b) 2 , 4 , 7
A B C
R R R = Ω = Ω = Ω
(c) 3 , 3 , 4
A B C
R R R = Ω = Ω = Ω (d) 5 , 1 , 10
A B C
R R R = Ω = Ω = Ω
2.4. Given the potential function in free space to be V(x) =
( )
2 2 2
50 50 50 x y z + + volts,
the magnitude (in volts/metre) and the direction of the electric field at a point
(1,-1,1), where the dimensions are in metres, are
(a) 100; (i + j + k) (b)
100
3
;(i - j + k)
(c)
100
3
;[(-i - j - k)/ 3 ] (d)
100
3
;[(i - j - k)/ 3 ]

2.5. The hysteresis loop of a magnetic material has an area of 5 cm
2
with the scales
given as 1 cm = 2 AT and 1 cm = 50 mWb. At 50 Hz, the total hysteresis loss is
(a) 15 W (b) 20 W (c) 25 W (d) 50 W

2.6. An electric motor with `constant output power´ will have a torque speed
characteristic in the form of a
(a) straight line through the origin
(b) straight line parallel to the speed axis
(c) circle about the origin (d) rectangular hyperbola

2.7. A 3-phase transformer has rating of 20 MVA, 220 kV (star) - 33 kV (delta) with
leakage reactance of 12%. The transformer reactance (in ohms) referred to each
phase of the L.V. delta-connected side is
(a) 23.5 (b) 19.6 (c) 18.5 (d) 8.7
A
B
C
RB RC
RA
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2.8. A 75 NVA, 10 kV synchronous generator has X
d
= 0.4 p.u. The X
d
value (in p.u.)
is a base of 100 MVA, 11 kV is
(a) 0.578 (b) 0.279 (c) 0.412 (d) 0.44

2.9. A star-connected 440 V, 50 Hz alternators has per phase synchronous reactance
of 10Ω. It supplies a balanced capacitive load current of 20 A, as shown in the
per phase equivalent circuit of Fig.2.9. It is desirable to have zero voltage
regulation. The load power factor should be








(a) 0.82 (b) 0.47 (c) 0.39 (d) 0.92

2.10. A 240 V single-phase ac source is connected to a load with an impedance of
10∠60°Ω. A capacitor is connected in parallel with the load. If the capacitor
supplies 1250 VAR, the real power supplied by the source is
(a) 3600 W (b) 2880 W (c) 2400 W (d) 1200 W

2.11. A 50 Hz alternator is rated 500 MVA, 20 kV, with X
d
= 1.0 per unit and
0.2
d
X′′ = per unit. It supplies a purely resistive load of 400 MW at 20 kV. The load
is connected directly across the generator terminals when a symmetrical fault
occurs at the load terminals. The initial rms current in the generator in per unit is
(a) 7.22 (b) 6.4 (c) 3.22 (d) 2.2

2.12. Consider the model shown in Fig.P2.12 of a transmission line with a series
capacitor at its mid-point. The maximum voltage on the line is at the location






(a) P
1
(b) P
2
(c) P
3
(d) P
4




440
3
ph
E V =
~

J10Ω
20A

Load

P1
I=1pu
j0.1pu
r
V
P2 P3 P4
j0.1pu
-j0.1pu
pf=1
1 0
s
V pu
°
= ∠
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2.13. A power system has two synchronous generators. The Governor-turbine
characteristics corresponding to the generators are
P
1
= 50(50 - f), P
2
= 100(51 - f)
Where f denotes the system frequency in Hz, and P
1
and P
2
are, respectively, the
power outputs (in MW) of turbines 1 and 2. assuming the generators and
transmission network to be lossless, the system frequency for a total load of 400
MW is
(a) 47.5 Hz (b) 48.0 Hz (c) 48.5 Hz (d) 49.0 Hz
2.14. The conductors of a 10 km long, single phase, two wire line are separated by a
distance of 1.5m. The diameter of each conductor is 1 cm. If the conductors are
of copper, the inductance of the circuit is
(a) 50.0 mH (b) 45.3 mH (c) 23.8 mH (d) 19.6 mH

2.15. Given the relationship between the input u(t) and the output y(t) to be
( ) ( )
( )
( )
3
0
2 ,
t
t
y t t e u d
τ
τ τ τ
− −
= + −

the transfer function Y(s)/U(s) is
(a)
2
2
3
s
e
s

+
(b)
( )
2
2
3
s
s
+
+
(c)
2 5
3
s
s
+
+
(d)
( )
2
2 7
3
s
s
+
+


2.16. The asymptotic approximation of the log-magnitude versus frequency plot of a
minimum phase system with real poles and one zero is shown in Fig.P2.16. Its
transfer functions is
(a)
( )
( ) ( )
20 5
2 25
s
s s s
+
+ +

(b)
( )
( ) ( )
2
10 5
2 25
s
s s
+
+ +

(c)
( )
( ) ( )
2
20 5
2 25
s
s s s
+
+ +

(d)
( )
( ) ( )
2
50 5
2 25
s
s s s
+
+ +


2.17. A 100µA ammeter has an internal resistance of 100Ω. For extending its range to
measure 500µA, the shunt required is of resistance (in Ω)
(a) 20.0 (b) 22.22 (c) 25.0 (d) 50.0



-40dB/dec
0.1
-60dB/dec
-40dB/dec
-60dB/dec
2 5
25
54
dB
rad/s
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2.18. Resistances R
1
and R
2
have, respectively, nominal values of 10Ω and 5Ω, and
tolerances of ±5% and ±10%. The range of values for the parallel combination of
R
1
and R
2
is
(a) 3.077 Ω to 3.636 Ω (b) 2.805 Ω to 3.371 Ω
(c) 3.237 Ω to 3.678 Ω (d) 3.192 Ω to 3.435 Ω

2.19. For the oscillator circuit shown in Fig.P2.19, the expression for the time period of
oscillation can be given by (where τ=RC)
(a) τ ln 3
(b) 2τ ln 3
(c) τ ln 2
(d) 2τ ln 2




2.20. An Intel 8085 processor is executing the program given below.
MVI A, 10H
MVI B, 10H
BACK: NOP
ADD B
RLC
JNC BACK
HLT
The number of times that the operation NOP will be executed is equal to
(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4

2.21. A sample-and-hold (S/H) circuit, having a holding capacitor of 0.1 nF, is used at
the input of an ADC (analog-to-digital converter). The conversion time of the ADC
is 1µsec, and during this time, the capacitor should not lose more than 0.5% of
the charge put across it during the sampling time. The maximum value of the
input signal to the S/H circuit is 5V. The leakage current of the S/H circuit should
be less than
(a) 2.5 mA (b) 0.25 mA (c) 25.0 µA (d) 2.5 µA

2.22. An op-amp, having a slew rate of 62.8 V/µsec, is connected in a voltage follower
configuration. If the maximum amplitude of the input sinusoid is 10V, then the
minimum frequency at which the slew rate limited distortion would set in at the
output is
(a) 1.0 MHz (b) 6.28 MHz (c) 10.0 MHz (d) 62.8 MHz

R
+
-
vo
C
R
R
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2.23. An n-channel JFET, having a pinch-off voltage (V
p
) of -5 V, shows a trans-
conductance (g
m
) of 1 mA/V when the applied gate-to-source voltage (V
GS
) is -
3V. Its maximum transconductance (in mA/V) is
(a) 1.5 (b) 2.0 (c) 2.5 (d) 3.0

2.24. A half-wave thyristor converter supplies a purely inductive load, as shown in
Fig.2.24. If the triggering angle of the thyristor is 120°, the extinction angle will
be
(a) 240°
(b) 180°
(c) 200°


(d) 120°


2.25. A single-phase full-bridge voltage source
inverter feeds a purely inductive load, a
shown in Fig.P2.25, where T
1
, T
2
, T
3
, T
4
are
power transistors and D
1
, D
2
, D
3
, D
4
are
feedback diodes. The inverter is operated in
square-wave mode with a frequency of 50
Hz. If the average load current is zero, what
is the time duration of conduction of each
feedback diode in a cycle?
(a) 5 msec (b) 10 msec
(c) 20 msec (d) 2.5 msec

SECTION - B
This section consists of TWENTY questions of FIVE marks each. ANY FIFTEEN out of
them have to be answered. If more number of questions are attempted, score off the
answers not be evaluated, else, only the first fifteen unscored answers will be
considered.
3. Determine the resonance frequency and the Q-factor of the circuit shown in
Fig.P3. Data: R = 10Ω, C= 3µF, L
1
= 40 mH, L
2
= 10 mH and M = 10 mH










L
Vmsinωt
~
+
-
T2
T3
T1
T4
D1 D3
D4 D2
+
-
L
~
R

C

L1 L2
+
-
M
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4. An ideal transformer has a linear B/H characteristic with a finite slope and a turns
ratio of 1:1. The primary of the transformer is energized with an ideal current
source, producing the signal i as shown in Fig.P4. Sketch the shape (neglecting
the scale factor) of the following signals, labeling the time axis clearly:







(a) the core flux φ
oc
with the secondary of the transformer open
(b) the open-circuited secondary terminal voltage v
2
(t)
(c) the short-circuited secondary current i
2
(t), and
(d) the core flux φ
sc
with the secondary of the transformer short-circuited.

5. Consider the voltage waveform ν, shown
in Fig.P5. Find.
(a) the dc component of ν,
(b) the amplitude of the fundamental
component of ν, and
(c) the rms value of the ac part of ν.

6. In a dc motor running at 2000 rpm, the hysteresis and eddy current losses are
500W and 200W respectively. If the flux remains constant, calculate the speed at
which the total iron losses are halved.

7. A dc series motor is rated 230V, 1000 rpm, 80 A (refer to Fig.P7). the series field
resistance is 0.11Ω, and the armature resistance is 0.14Ω. If the flux at an
armature current of 20A is 0.4 times of that under rated condition, calculate the
speed at this reduced armature current of 20A.









0

1

3

5

7

i

t(s)

3
t(ms)
ν
0
1V
5 8 10 13
-1V
R1=0.11Ω
+
R2=0.14Ω 230V
-
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8. A 50 kW synchronous motor is tested by driving it by another motor. When the
excitation is not switched on, the driving motor takes 800W. When the armature
is short-circuited and the rated armature current of 10 A is passed through it, the
driving motor requires 2500 W. On open-circuiting the armature with rated
excitation, the driving motor takes 1800W. Calculate the efficiency of the
synchronous motor at 50% load. Neglect the losses in the driving motor.

9. Two identical synchronous generators, each of 100 MVA, are working in parallel
supplying 100 MVA at 0.8 lagging p.f. at rated voltage. Initially the machines are
sharing load equally. If the field current of first generator is reduced by 5% and
of the second generator increased by 5%, find the sharing of load (MW and
MVAR) between the generators. Assume X
d
= X
q
= 0.8 p.u., no field saturation
and rated voltage across load. Reasonable approximations may be made.

10. A 132 kV transmission line AB is connected to a cable BC. The characteristic
impedances of the overhead line and the cable are 400Ω and 80Ω respectively.
Assume that these are purely resistive. A 250 kV switching surge travels from A
to B.
(a) Calculate the value of this voltage surge when it first reaches C.
(b) Calculate the value of the reflected component of this surge when the first
reflection reaches A.
(c) Calculate the surge current in the cable BC.

11. For the Y-bus matrix given in per unit values, where the first, second, third and
fourth row refers to bus 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively, draw the reactance diagram.

6 2 2.5 0
2 10 2.5 4
2.5 2.5 9 4
0 4 4 8
bus
Y j




=







12. A synchronous generator is connected to an infinite bus through a lossless double
circuit transmission line. The generator is delivering 1.0 per unit power at a load
angle of 30° when a sudden fault reduces the peak power that can be
transmitted to 0.5 per unit. After clearance of fault, the peak power that can be
transmitted becomes 1.5 per unit. Find the critical clearing angle.

13. A single line-to-ground fault occurs on an unloaded generator in phase a positive,
negative, and zero sequence impedances of the generator are j0.25 p.u.,
j0.25p.u., and j0.15 p.u. respectively. The generator neutral is grounded through
a reactance of j0.05 p.u. The prefault generator terminal voltage is 1.0 p.u.
(a) Draw the positive, negative, and zero sequence networks for the fault given.
(b) Draw the interconnection of the sequence networks for the fault analysis.
(c) Determine the fault current.

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14. A power system has two generators with the following cost curves:
Generator 1: C
1
(P
G1
) = 0.006P
2
G1
+ 8P
G1
+ 350 (Thousand Rupees/Hour)
Generator 2: C
2
(P
G2
) = 0.009P
2
G2
+ 7P
G1
+ 400 (Thousand Rupees/Hour)
The generator limits are
100 MW ≤ P
G1
≤ 650 MW
50 MW ≤ P
G2
≤ 500 MW
A load demand of 600 MW is supplied by the generators in an optimal manner.
Neglecting losses in the transmission network, determine the optimal generation
of each generator.

15. A unity feedback system has an open-loop transfer function of
( )
( )
2
10000
10
G s
s s
=
+

(a) Determine the magnitude of G(jω) in dB at an angular frequency of ω=20
rad/sec.
(b) Determine the phase margin in degrees.
(c) Determine the gain margin in dB.
(d) Is the system stable or unstable?

16. Given the characteristic equation

3 2
2 0. s s Ks K + + + =
Sketch the root locus as K varies from zero to infinity. Find the angle and real
axis intercept of the asymptotes, break-away/break-in points, and imaginary axis
crossing points, if any.

17. For the ring counter shown in Fig.P17, find the steady state sequence if the initial
state of the counters is 1110 (i.e., Q
3
,Q
2
,Q
1
,Q
0
=1110). Determine the MOD
number of the counter.














D
Clock

Q3 D
Q2 D
Q1
D
Q0
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18. For the op-amp circuit shown in Fig.P18, determine the output voltage ν
0
.
Assume that the op-amps are ideal.









19. The transistor in the amplifier circuit shown in Fig.P19 is biased at I
C
= 1mA. Use
( )
0 0
/ 26 , 200, 0, and .
T b
V kT q mV r r β = = = = = → ∞
(a) Determine the ac small signal midband voltage gain ν
0

I
of the circuit.
(b) Determine the required value of C
E
for the circuit to have a lower cutoff
frequency of 10 Hz.










20. A simple active filter is shown in Fig.P20. Assume ideal op-amp. Derive the
transfer function ν
0

1
of the circuit, and state the type of the filter (i.e., high-
pass, low-pass, band-pass, or band-reject). Determine the required values of R
1
,
R
2
and C in order for the filter to have a 3-dB frequency of 1 kHz, a high-
frequency input resistance of 100 kΩ, and a high frequency gain magnitude of
10.







+
-
VO
+
-
1V
2kΩ
1kΩ 4kΩ
2kΩ 8kΩ
3kΩ
1kΩ
-1V
νo
25kD
VCC
RC
RB
νi
RE
CE
100D
1kD
C
+
-
νi
ν0
R1
R2
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21. A voltage commutated thyristor chopper circuit is shown in Fig.P21. The chopper
is operated at 500 Hz with 50% duty ratio. The load takes a constant current of
20A.
(a) Evaluate the circuit turn off time for the main thyristor Th
i
.
(b) Calculate the value of inductor L, if the peak current through the main
thyristor Th
i
is limited to 180% of the load current.
(c) Calculate the maximum instantaneous output voltage of the chopper.









22. A separately excited dc motor is controlled by varying its armature voltage using
a single phase full-converter bridge as shown in Fig.P22. the field current is kept
constant at the rated value. The motor has an armature resistance of 0.2Ω, and
the motor voltage constant is 2.5 V/(rad/sec). The motor is driving a mechanical
load having a constant torque of 140 Nm. The triggering angle of the converter is
60°. The armature current can be assumed to be continuous and ripple free.
(a) Calculate the motor armature current
(b) Evaluate the motor speed in rad/sec.
(c) Calculate the rms value of the fundamental component of the input current
to the bridge.












100V
+

Load
L
Th1
C
Th2
D1
D2
IL=20A
Vdc
-

6µF
I0
250V(rms)
50Hz
+
~
If constant
R0 =0.2Ω

Address: 17A, 30
th
Cross, Tilak Nagar, Jayanagar 4
th
`T´ Block, Bangalore - 560 041.
Ph: 080 - 51310203.






Duration: 3 Hours Maximum Marks:150


Read the following instructions carefully:

1. All answers must be written only in the answer book provided
2. This question paper consists of TWO SECTIONS: A and B.
3. Section A consists of two questions of multiple-choice type. Question 1 consists
of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions of ONE mark each and Question 2 consists of
TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions of TWO marks each.
4. The answers to the multiple choice questions must be written only in the boxes
provided in the two sheets of the answer book.
5. Answers to Section B should be started on a fresh page and should not be mixed
with answers to Section A. Question numbers must be written legibly and
correctly in the answer book.
6. Section B consists of TWENTY questions of FIVE marks each. ANY FIFTEEN out of them
have to answered. If more number of questions are attempted, score off the answers not
to be evaluated, else only the first fifteen unscored will be considered strictly.
7. In all questions of 5 marks, write clearly the important steps in your answer.
These steps carry partial credit.
8. There will be NO NEGATIVE marking.
9. No graph papers are required for any of questions.






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SECTION - A

1. This question consists of 25 (TWENTTY FIVE) sub-questions. Each sub-question
carries ONE mark. The answers to these sub-questions MUST be written only in
the appropriate boxes corresponding to the questions in the first page of the
answer book.

1.1 An electron with velocity u is placed in an electric field E and magnetic field B. the
force experienced by the electron is given by
(a) -eE (b) -eu × B (c) -e(u×E+B) (d) -e(E+u×B)

1.2 A voltage waveform V(t) =
2
12t is applied across a 1H inductor for t ≥ 0, with
initial current through it being zero. The current through the inductor for t ≥ 0 is
given by

(a) 12t (b) 24t (c) 12t
3
(d) 4 t
3


1.3 The circuit shown in Fig.1.3 uses an ideal opamp working with +5V and -5V
power supplies. The output voltage
0
V is equal to
(a) +5V
(b) -5V
(c) +1V
(d) -1V



1.4 Which one of the following is not a vectored interrupt?
(a) TRAP (b) INTR (c) RST7.5 (d) RST3

1.5 The type of power amplifier which exhibits crossover distortion in its output is
(a) Class A (b) Class B (c) Class AB (d) Class C

1.6 The feedback factor for the circuit shown in Fig.1.6 is:
(a)
9
100

(b)
9
10

(c)
1
9

(d)
1
10

1K
+
-
5V
1mA
Vo
-5V
+
-
VS
100Ω
10Ω
90Ω
1K
+
-
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1.7 A 3-phase, 4-pole squirrel cage induction motor has 36 stator and 28 rotor slots.
The number of phases in the rotor is:
(a) 3 (b) 9 (c) 7 (d) 8

1.8 The compensating winding in a dc machine
(a) is located in armature slots for compensation of the armature reaction
(b) is located on commutating poles for improving the commutation
(c) is located on pole shoes for avoiding the flashover at the commutator surface
(d) is located on poles shoes to avoid the sparking at the brushes.

1.9 In a constant voltage transformer (CVT), the output voltage remains constant
due to
(a) capacitor (b) input inductor
(c) saturation (d) tapped windings

1.10 The phase sequence of a three-phase alternator will reverse if
(a) the field current is reversed keeping the direction of rotation same
(b) the field current remains the same but the direction of rotation is reversed
(c) the field current is reversed and the number of poles is doubled
(d) the number of poles is doubled without reversing the field current

1.11 A 1.8° step, 4-phase stepper motor has a total of 40 teeth on 8 poles of stator.
The number of rotor teeth for this motor will be
(a) 40 (b) 50 (c) 100 (d) 80

1.12 In a thermal power plant, the feed water coming to the economizer is heated
using
(a) H.P. steam (b) L.P. steam
(c) direct heat in the furnace (d) flue gases

1.13 For given base voltage and base volt-amperes, the per unit impedance value of
an element is x. What will be the per unit impedance value of this element when
the voltage and volt-ampere bases are both doubled?
(a) 0.5x (b) 2x (c) 4x (d) x

1.14 In an inverse definite minimum time, electromagnetic type over-current relay the
minimum time feature is achieved because of
(a) saturation of the magnetic circuit (b) proper mechanical design
(c) appropriate time delay element (d) electromagnetic damping

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1.15 Out of the considerations (a) to (d) listed below.
(i) no distance limitation related to steady state stability
(ii) no reactive power requirement from the system at the two terminals
(iii) no substantial effect on fault level of the two systems at the terminals inspite
of the interconnection
(iv) no corona problems
The considerations, which constitute advantages of HVDC transmission, are
(a) all of the above (b) (i) and (iii) (c) (iii) and (iv) (d) (ii) and (iv)

1.17 In a 3-step distance protection, the reach of the three zones of the relay at the
beginning of the first line typically extends up to
(a) 100% of the first line, 50% of the second line and 20% of the third line
(b) 80% of the first line, 50% of the second line and 20% of the third line
(c) 80% of the first line, 20% of the second line and 10% of the third line
(d) 50% of first line, 50% of second line and 20% of the third line.

1.17 A three phase semi-converter feeds the armature of a separately excited dc
motor, supplying a non-zero torque. For steady state operation, the motor
armature current is found to drop to zero at certain instances of time. At such
instances, the voltage assumes a value that is
(a) equal to the instantaneous value of the ac phase voltage
(b) equal to the instantaneous value of the motor back emf
(c) arbitrary
(d) zero

1.18 A thyristorised, three phase, fully controlled converter feeds a dc load that draws
a constant current. Then the input ac line current to the converter has
(a) an rms value equal to the dc load current
(b) an average value equal to the dc load current
(c) a peak value equal to the dc load current
(d) a fundamental frequency component, whose rms value is equal to the dc load
current

1.19 Triangular PWM control, when applied to a three phase, BJT based voltage source
inverter, introduces
(a) low order harmonic voltages on the dc side
(b) very high order harmonic voltages on the dc side
(c) low order harmonic voltages on the ac side
(d) very high order harmonic voltage on the dc side



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1.20 Instrument transformers are known to introduce magnitude and phase errors in
measurements. These are primarily due to
(a) improper connections on the primary side
(b) measurement errors inherent in the meter connected to the transformer
secondary
(c) open and short circuit parameters of the instrument transformers
(d) None of the above

1.21 An analogue electronic circuit that measures rms value of the input voltage by
averaging the square of the instantaneous voltage level, responds slowly to
changes in the input signal due to
(a) the "square¨ function built into the circuit
(b) the "square-root¨ function built into the circuit
(c) the averaging function built into the circuit
(d) None of the above

1.22 Ratio of the rotor reactance X to the rotor resistance R for a two-phase
servomotor
(a) is equal to that of a normal induction motor
(b) is less than that of a normal induction motor
(c) is greater than that of a normal induction motor
(d) may be less or greater than that of a normal induction motor

1.23 Feedback control systems are
(a) insensitive to both forward and feedback path parameter changes
(b) less sensitive to feedback path parameter changes than to forward path
parameter changes
(c) less sensitive to forward-path parameter changes than to feedback path
parameter changes
(d) equally sensitive to forward and feedback path parameter changes

1.24 A unity feedback system has open loop transfer function G(s). The steady-state
error is zero for
(a) step input and type -1 G(s) (b) ramp input and type -1 G(s)
(c) step input and type G(s) (d) ramp input and type -0 G(s)

1.25 A linear time-invariant system initially at rest, when subjected to a unit-step
input, gives a response ( ) , 0.
t
y t te t

= > The transfer function of the system is:
(a)
( )
2
1
1 s +
(b)
( )
2
1
1 s s +
(c)
( )
2
1
s
s +
(d)
( )
1
1 s s +

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2. This question consists of 25 (TWENTTY FIVE) sub-questions. Each sub-question
carries TWO marks. The answers to these sub-questions MUST be written only in
the appropriate boxes corresponding to the questions in the first page of the
answer book.


2.1 A two-port device is defined by the following pair of equations:

1 1 2 2 1 2
2 and i i ν ν ν ν = + = +
Its impedance parameters ( )
11 12 21 22
, , , z z z z are given by
(a) (2,1,1,1) (b) (1,-1,-1,2) (c) (1,1,1,2) (d) (2,-1,-1,1)

2.2. The circuit shown in Fig.2.2 is equivalent to a load of
(a)
4
3
ohms
(b)
8
3
ohms
(c) 4 ohms
(d) 2 ohms

2.3. The impedance seen by the source in the circuit in Fig.2.3, is given by
(a) (0.54+j0.313) ohms
(b) (4 - j2) ohms
(c) (4.54 - j1.69) ohms
(d) (4 + j2) ohms


2.4. The minimal product of sums function described by the K-map given in Fig.2.4
(a) A C ′ ′
(b) A C ′ ′ +
(c) A + C
(d) AC

2.5. A diode whose terminal characteristics are related as ,
D s
T
V
i I
V
| |
=
|
\ .
where
s
I is the
reverse saturation current and
T
V is the thermal voltage (=25mV), is biased at
2 .
D
I mA = Its dynamic resistance is:
(a) 25 ohms (b) 12.5 ohms (c) 50 ohms (d) 100 ohms


+
-
2Ω
4Ω
2I
I
4Ω
+

-j2Ω
1:4
ZL=10∠30°
AB
C
1 1 φ 0
0 0 φ
0
0
1
00 01 11 10
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2.6. In the circuit of Fig.2.6, the value of the base current
B
I will be
(a) 0.0 micro amperes
(b) 18.2 micro amperes
(c) 26.7 micro amperes
(d) 40.0 micro amperes






2.7. A dual slope analog-to-digital converters uses an N-bit counter. when the input
signal
a
V is being integrated, the counter is allowed to count up to a value
(a) equal to 2 2
N
− (b) equal to 2 1
N

(c) proportional to
a
V (d) inversely proportional to
a
V

2.8. A 3-phase delta/star transformer is supplied at 6000 V on the delta-connected
side. The terminal voltage on the secondary side when supplying full load as 0.8
lagging power-factor is 415 V. The equivalent resistance and reactance drops for
the transformer are 1% and 5% respectively. The turn´s ratio of the transformer
is:
(a) 14 (b) 24 (c) 42 (d) 20

2.9. A 240 V dc series motor takes 40A when giving its rated output at 1500 rpm. Its
resistance is 0.3 ohms. The value of resistance which must be added to obtain
rated torque at 1000 rpm is:
(a) 6 ohms (b) 5.7 ohms (c) 2.2 ohms (d) 1.9 ohms

2.10. The power input to a 415V, 50 Hz, 6 pole, 3-phase induction motor running at
975 rpm is 40 kW. The stator losses are 1kW and friction and windage losses
total 2 kW. The efficiency of the motor is
(a) 92.5% (b) 90% (c) 91% (d) 88%

2.11. A single-phase, 2000V alternator has armature resistance and reactance of 0.8
ohms and 4.94 ohms respectively. The voltage regulation of the alternator at
100A load at 0.8 leading power-factor is:
(a) 7% (b) -8.9% (c) 14% (d) 0%




+

IB
0.7V
5K
5V
-10V
β=50
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2.12. A permanent magnet dc commutator motor has a no load speed of 6000 rpm
when connected to a 120V dc supply. The armature resistance is 2.5 ohms and
other losses may be neglected. The speed of the motor with supply voltage of
60V developing a torque 0.5 Nm, is:
(a) 3000 rpm (b) 2673 rpm (c) 2836 rpm (d) 5346 rpm

2.13. A transmission line has equal voltages at the two ends, maintained constant by
two sources. A third source is to be provided to maintain constant voltage (equal
to end voltages) at either the midpoint of the line or at 755 of the distance from
the sending end. Then the maximum power transfer capabilities of the line in the
original case and the other two cases respectively will be in the following ratios.
(a) 1:1:1 (b) 1:2:
1
0.75
(c) 1:2:4 (d) 1:4:16

2.14. The plug setting of a negative sequence relay is 0.2A. The current transformer
ratio is 5:1. The minimum value of line-to-line fault current for the operation of
the relay is
(a) 1A (b)
1
1.732
A (c) 1.732A (d)
0.2
1.732
A

2.15. The incremental cost characteristics of two generators delivering 200 MW are as
follows

1 2
1 2
1 2
2.0 0.01 , 1.6 0.2
dF dF
P P
dP dP
= + = +
For economic operation, the generations
1 2
and P P should be
(a)
1 2
100 P P MW = = (b)
1 2
80 , 120 P MW P MW = =
(c)
1 2
200 , 0 P MW P MW = = (d)
1 2
120 , 80 P MW P MW = =

2.16. The corona loss on a particular system at 50 Hz is 1kW/km per phase. The
corona loss at 60 Hz would be
(a) 1kW/km per phase (b) 0.83kW/km per phase
(c) 1.2kW/km per phase (d) 1.13kW/km per phase

2.17. The severity of line-to-ground and three phase faults at the terminals of an
unloaded synchronous generator is to be same. If the terminal voltage is 1.0 p.u.
and
1 2 0
0.1 . ., 0.05 . . z z j pu z j pu = = = for the alternator, then the required
inductive reactance for neutral grounding is:
(a) 0.0166 p.u. (b) 0.05 p.u. (c) 0.1 p.u. (d) 0.15 p.u.



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2.18. A three phase voltage source inverter supplies a purely inductive three phase
load. Upon Fourier analysis, the output voltage waveform is found to have an h-
th order harmonic of magnitude
h
α times that of the fundamental frequency
component ( ) 1 .
h
α < The load current would then have an h-th order harmonic of
magnitude
(a) zero
(b)
h
α times the fundamental frequency component
(c) h
h
α times the fundamental frequency component
(d)
h
α lh times the fundamental frequency component

2.19. A step down chopper operates from a dc voltage source ,
s
V and feeds a dc motor
armature with a back emf .
b
E From oscilloscope traces, it is found that the
current increases for time ,
r
t falls to zero over time
1
, t and remains zero for time
0
t , in every chopping cycle. Then the average dc voltage across the freewheeling
diode is:
(a)
( )
0
s r
r f
V t
t t t + +
(b)
( )
( )
0
s r b f
r f
V t E t
t t t
+
+ +

(c)
( )
( )
0
0
s r b
r f
V t E t
t t t
+
+ +
(d)
( )
( )
0
0
s r b f
r f
V t E t t
t t t
+ +
+ +


2.20. A three phase, wound rotor induction motor is to be operated with slip energy
recovery in the constant torque mode, when it delivers an output power
0
P at slop
s. then theoretically, the maximum power that is available for recovery at the
rotor terminals, is equal to
(a)
0
P (b)
0.s
P (c)
( )
0
1
P
s −
(d)
( )
0
.
1
P S
s −

2.21. The two wattmeter method is used to measure active power on a three phase,
three wire system. If the phase voltage is unbalanced, then the power reading is:
(a) affected by both negative sequence and zero sequence voltages
(b) affected by negative sequence voltages but not by zero sequence voltages
(c) affected by zero sequence voltages but not by negative sequence voltages
(d) not affected by negative or zero sequence voltages

2.22. If an ac voltage wave is corrupted with an arbitrary number of harmonics, then
the overall voltage waveform differs from its fundamental frequency component
in terms of
(a) only the peak values (b) only the rms values
(c) only the average values
(d) all the three measures (peak, rms and average values)
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2.23. The characteristic equation of a feedback control system is:

4 3 2
2 3 5 10 0 s s s s + + + + =
The number of roots in the right half of s-plane are:
(a) zero (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3

2.24. A unity feedback system has open-loop transfer function G(s) =
( )
25
.
6 s s
¦ ¹
¦ ¦
´ `
+
¦ ¦
¹ )

The peak overshoot in the step-input response of the system is approximately
equal to:
(a) 5% (b) 10% (c) 15% (d) 20%
2.25. Maximum phase-lead of the compensator ( )
( )
( )
0.5 1
,
0.05 1
s
D s
s
+
=
+
is
(a) 52 deg at 4 rad/sec (b) 52 deg at 10 rad/sec
(c) 55 deg at 12 rad/sec (d) None of the answers is correct


SECTION - B
This section consists of TWENTY questions of FIVE marks each. ANY FIFTEEN out of
them have to be answered. If more number of questions are attempted, score off the
answers not be evaluated, else, only the first fifteen unscored answers will be
considered.
3. Predict the current I in Fig.3 in response to a voltage of 20∠0°V. The impedance
values are given in ohms. Use the thevenin´s theorem.








4. (a) Show via the construction of a suitable Gaussian surface, that the
capacitance of a spherical capacitor consisting of two concentric shells of radii
a and b is given by

( )
0
4
ab
C
b a
πε =


where
0
ε is the free space permittivity.


20∠0°
j40Ω
-j20Ω
-j20Ω
j40Ω
a
b
c
d
~
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0
T
0
Q
d
S
0
Q
Clock

1
T
1
Q
d
S
1
Q
2
T
2
Q
d
S 2
Q
0
Q
1
Q
2
Q
P
(b) A current 1 in the short conducting element shown in
Fig.4 produces a flux density
1
B at point 1. Determine
the magnitude and the direction of the flux density
vector at point 2.






5. A current amplifier has an input resistance of 10Ω, an output resistance of 10kΩ
and a current gain of 1000. It is feed by a current source having a source
resistance of 10kΩ and its output is connected to a 10Ω load resistance. Find the
voltage gain and the power gain.

6. An active filter consisting of an op-amp, resistors
1 2 3
, , R R R and two capacitors of
value C each, has a transfer function
( )
( )
( )
( )
1
1 2
2
2
3
3
, where .
2 1
s
R C
T s R R R
s
s
R C
RR C

= =
+ +

If R
1
= 2kΩ, R
2
=
2
3
kΩ , R
3
=200kΩ and C = 0.1 µF, determine the centre
frequency
0 0
, gain A ω and the Q of the filter.

7. The counter shown in Fig.7 is initially in state
2 1 0
0, 1, 0. Q Q Q = = = With reference
to the CLK input, draw waveforms for
2 1 0
, , Q Q Q and P for the next three CLK
cycles.









8. In a single-phase, three-winding transformer, the turns ratio for primary:
secondary: tertiary windings is 20:4:1. With the lagging currents of 50A at a
power factor of 0.6 in the tertiary winding, find the primary current and power-
factor.
d
d
i
1 B1
2
d
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9. A belt driven dc shunt generator runs at 1500 rpm delivering 10kΩ, at 220V bus
bars. The belt breaks, following which the machine operates as a motor drawing
2kW power. What will be its speed as a motor? The armature and field
resistances are 0.25 ohms and 55 ohms respectively. Ignore armature reaction
and assume the contact drop at each brush to be 1V.

10. A 230V, 20 hp, 60 Hz, 6-pole, 3-phase induction motor driving a constant torque
load at rated frequency, rated voltage and rated horse-power, has a speed of
1175 rpm and an efficiency of 92.1%. Determine the new operating speed if a
system disturbance causes 10% drop in voltage and 6% drop in frequency.
Assume that friction, windage and stray power losses remain constant.

11. A 2300 V, 3-phase synchronous motor driving a pump is provided with a line
ammeter and a field rheostat. When the rheostat is adjusted such that the ac line
current is minimum. The ammeter reads 8.8A. What is the power being delivered
to the pump, neglecting losses? How should the rheostat be adjusted so that the
motor operates at 0.8 leading power factor? How many kVARs is the motor
supplying to the system at this new power factor?

12. A 275 kV, 3-phase, 50 Hz, 400 km lossless line has following parameters:
x=0.05 ohms/km, line charging susceptance y=3.0 micro-Siemens/km.
(a) Calculate the receiving end voltage on open circuit using justifiable
assumptions.
(b) What load at the receiving end will result in a flat voltage profile on the line?
(c) If the flat voltage profile is to be achieved at 1.2 times the loading in (b),
what will be the nature and quantum of uniformly distributed compensation
required?

13. In a 3-bus system, Gauss load flow method is to be used for finding the switched
capacitor compensation required to maintain the voltage at bus 2 equal to 1.0
p.u. the data for the system is as follows:
Line data:
12 13 31
0.1 p.u. Z Z Z j = = = Neglect line charging.
Bus data:
Bus No. Bus Type Specifications
1 Slack ( )
1
1 0 . . V j pu = +
2 PV
Load: ( )
2 2
0.4 0.2 . . P jQ j pu + = +
( )
2
magnitude 1.0 . . V pu =
3 PQ
Load: ( )
3 3
0.3 0.15 . . P jQ j pu + = +
All data are on common base values.
With the help of one iteration of load flow, explain how you will achieve the
stated objective.
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14. For the configuration shown in Fig.14, the breaker connecting a large system to
bus 2 is initially open. The system 3-phase fault level at bus 3 under this
condition is not known. After closing the system breaker, the 3-phase fault level
at bus 1 was found to be 5.0 p.u. What will be the new 3-phase fault level at
system bus 3 after the interconnection? All per unit values are on common bases.
Perfault load currents are neglected and prefault voltages are assumed to be 1.0
p.u. at all buses.







15. A synchronous generator, having a reactance of 0.15 p.u., is connected to an
infinite bus through two identical parallel transmission lines having reactance of
0.3 p.u. each. In steady state, the generator is delivering 1 p.u. Power to the
infinite bus. For a three-phase fault at the receiving end of one line, calculate the
rotor angle at the end of first time step of 0.05 seconds. Assume the voltage
behind transient reactance for the generator as 1.1 p.u. and infinite bus voltage
as 1.0 p.u. Also indicate how the accelerating powers will be evaluated for the
next time step if the breaker clears the fault
(a) at the end of an interval
(b) at the middle of an interval

16. 16. A single phase voltage source of magnitude
s
V and frequency ω (rad/s) is
connected to an inductance L through an antiparallel back-to-back pair of
thyristors. The forward and reverse conducting thyristors are fired at an angle of
2
π
α ≥ from the positive going and negative going zero crossings of the supply
voltage respectively, in each cycle.
Obtain an expression for the inductor current in each cycle for a given value of α.
The voltage drop across the thyristors, when either of them is in conclusion, may
be assumed to be negligible.

17. A dc motor with armature resistance
a
R is fed from a step down chopper in the
continuous mode, and operates at some known speed and known excitation
current. The motor current rises from
min max
to I I in the ON period
on
T of the
chopper; and drops from
max min
to I I in the OFF period
off
T of the same circuit.
Both the rise and fall of the current may be assumed to be approximately linear.
What is the average power loss in the machine armature?



~ ~


Gen
System
Eg = 1.0 p.u. XT= 0.2 p.u.
XLine = 0.3 p.u. Xd= 0.2 p.u.
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18. For perfectly balanced operation a certain three phase ac power electronic circuit
generates odd harmonic currents of order five and seven in the three phases of
the ac mains. Identify which of these harmonics form a positive-sequence
system, and which form a negative-sequence system.

19. A three-phase load operates with balanced voltages applied to its terminals, and
draws balanced currents. The potential coil of a moving coil wattmeter is
connected from R to Y terminals of the load. The current coil of the meter is
connected in series with phase B. by appropriate derivation, show that the
quantity indicated by this wattmeter is proportional to the reactive power drawn
by the load.

20. Open-loop transfer function of a unity-feedback system is:
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
1
.
1 2
D
D
s
r
e
G s G s e
s s s
τ
τ


= =
+ +

Given: ( )
1
1 when 0.466. G jω ω = =
(a) Determine the phase margin when 0.
D
τ =
(b) Comment in one sentence on the effect of dead time on the stability of the
system.
(c) Determine the maximum value of dead time
D
τ for the closed-loop system to
be stable.

21. A unity feedback system has open-loop transfer function
( )
( )
( )
5
; 0
2
K s
G s K
s s
+
= ≥
+

(a) Draw a rough sketch of the root locus plot; given that the complex roots of
the characteristic equation move along a circle.
(b) As K increases, does the system become less stable? Justify your answer.
(c) Find the value of K (if it exists) so that the damping ξ of the complex closed
loop poles is 0.3.

22. Consider the state equation
( ) ( ) x t Ax t =
Given:
t t t
At
t t t
e te te
e
te e te
− − −
− − −

+
=
− −


(a) Find a set of states ( ) ( ) ( )
1 2 1
1 and 1 such that 2 2. x x x =
(b) Show that
( ) ( ) ( )
1 2 2 1 1
; 1
1
s
sI A s s
s
− +
− = Φ = ∆ = +

∆ −



(c) From ( ) , s Φ find the matrix A.
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SECTION - A

1. This question consists of 25 (TWENTTY FIVE) sub-questions. Each sub-question
carries ONE mark. The answers to these sub-questions MUST be written only in
the appropriate boxes corresponding to the questions in the first page of the
answer book.

1.1 When the plate area of a parallel plate capacitor is increased keeping the
capacitor voltage constant, the force between the plates
(a) increase (b) decreases (c) remains constant
(d) may increase or decrease depending on the metal making up the plates

1.2 Two parallel wires separated by a distance d are carrying a current I in the same
direction. The magnetic field along a line running parallel to these wires and
midway between them

(a) depends upon I (b) is zero
(c) depends upon d
(d) depends upon the permeability of medium between the wires

1.3 An electromagnetic field is radiated from
(a) a stationary point charge (b) a capacitor with a DC voltage
(c) a conductor carrying a DC current (d) an oscillating dipole

1.4 The mobility of an electron in a conductor is expressed in terms of
(a)
2
/ cm V s − (b) / cm V s − (c)
2
/ cm V (d)
2
/ cm s

1.5 An enhancement type n-channel MOSFET is represented by the symbol

(a) (b)


(c) (d)



1.6 As the temperature is increased, the voltage across a diode carrying a diode
carrying a constant current
(a) increases (b) decreases
(c) remains constant
(d) may increase or decrease depending upon the doping levels in the junction
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1.7 A single channel digital storage oscilloscope uses a 10 bit,
7
10 samples per
second Analog-to-Digital Converter. For a 100 KHz sine wave input, the number
of samples taken per cycle of the input will be
(a)
7
10 (b)
4
10 (c)
3
10 (d)
2
10

1.8 Higher synchronous reactance is preferred in the present day alternators,
because one can have
(a) reduced sub-transient currents (b) reduced harmonic currents
(c) reduced transient currents
(d) higher voltage regulation with load

1.9 A series R-L-C circuit when excited by a 10V sinusoidal voltage source of variable
frequency, exhibits resonance at 100 Hz and has a 3 dB bandwidth of 5 Hz. The
voltage across the inductor L at resonance is:
(a) 10 V (b) 10 2V (c)
10
2V
(d) 200V

1.10 The RMS value of a half-wave rectified symmetrical square wave current of 2A is:
(a) 2A (b) 1A (c)
1
2A
(d) 3A
1.11 Electodynamic type wattmeters have large errors while measuring power in ac
circuits at low power factor conditions, since the voltage across and the current
through the
(a) current coil are not in phase (b) current coil are not in quadrature
(c) pressures coil are not in phase
(d) pressure coil are not in quadrature

1.12 The current in the circuit shown in Fig.1.12 is:
(a) 5A (b) 10A
(c) 15A (d) 25A


1.13 For the circuit shown in Fig.1.13, the capacitance measured between terminals B
and Y will be
(a)
2
s
c
C
C
| |
+
|
\ .
(b)
2
c
s
C
C
| |
+
|
\ .

(c)
( ) 3
2
s c
C C +
(d) 3 2
c s
C C +

~
20Ω
200
V
200V
100V
50Hz
i
Cc Cc
Cs Cs
Cc
R
B
Y
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1.14 An overhead line having a surge impedance of 400Ω is connected in series with
an underground cable having a surge impedance of 100Ω. If a surge of 50 kV
travels from the line end towards the line-cable junctions, the value of the
transmitted voltage wave at the junction is:
(a) 30 kV (b) 20 kV (c) 80 kV (d) -30 kV

1.15 The load carrying capability of a long AC transmission line is:
(a) always limited by the conductor size
(b) limited by stability considerations
(c) reduced at a low ambient temperatures
(d) decreased by the use of bundled conductors of single conductors

1.16 Corona losses are minimized when
(a) conductor size is reduced (b) smooth conductor is reduced
(c) sharp points are provided in the line hardware
(d) current density in conductors is reduced

1.17 In a DC transmission line
(a) it is necessary for the sending end and receiving end to be operated in
synchronism.
(b) the effects of inductive and capacitive reactances are greater than in an AC
transmission line of the same rating.
(c) there are not effects due to inductive and capacitive reactances
(d) power transfer capability is limited by stability considerations.

1.18 Steady state stability of a power system is the ability of the power system to
(a) maintain voltage at the rated voltage level
(b) maintain frequency exactly at 50 Hz
(c) maintain a spinning reserve margin at all times
(d) maintain synchronism between machines and on external tie lines

1.19. Three sections of a feeder are provided with circuit breakers CB1, CB2, CB3, CB4,
CB5 and CB6. For a fault F as indicated in Fig.1.19.




(a) CB5 must be set to trip after CB1 trips
(b) CB5 must be set to trip after CB3 and CB4 trips
(c) CB5 must be set to trip after CB2 trip
(d) CB5 must be set to trip before CB1, CB2, CB3 and CB4 trips
CB1 CB2 CB3
CB4 CB5 CB6 F
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1.20. A 4-pole lap-wound DC generator has a developed power of P watts and voltage
of E volts. Two adjacent brushes of he machine are removed as they are worn
out. If the machine operates with the remaining brushes, the developed voltage
and power that can be obtained from the machine are
(a) E, P (b) ,
2 2
E P
(c) E,
4
P
(d) E,
2
P


1.21. Starting torque can be obtained in the case of a single phase induction motor
with identical main and auxiliary windings by connecting
(a) a capacitor across the mains
(b) a capacitor in series with the machine
(c) a capacitor in series with the auxiliary winding
(d) the main and the auxiliary windings in series

1.22. The windings of a QkVA,
1
2
V
V
volt, three-phase, Delta connected, core type
transformer are reconnected to work as a single phase transformer. The
maximum voltage and the power ratings of the new configuration are,
(a)
1
2
3
,3
3
V
Q
V
(b)
1
2
,
3
V Q
V
(c)
1
2
3
,2
3
V
Q
V
(d)
1
2
2 2
,
2 3
V Q
V


1.23. Resonant converters are basically used to
(a) generate large peaky voltage (b) reduce the switching losses
(c) eliminate harmonics
(d) convert a square wave into a sine wave

1.24. A PWM switching scheme is used with a three phase inverter to
(a) reduce the total harmonic distortion with modest filtering
(b) minimize the load on the DC side
(c) increase the life of the batteries
(d) reduce low order harmonics and increase high order harmonics

1.25 The following starting method for an induction motor is inferior view of the poor
starting torque per ampere of the line current drawn:
(a) Direct line starting
(b) Auto transformer method of starting
(c) Series inductor method of starting
(d) Star-Delta method of starting


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2. This question consists of 25 (TWENTTY FIVE) sub-questions. Each sub-question
carries TWO marks. The answers to these sub-questions MUST be written only in
the appropriate boxes corresponding to the questions in the first page of the
answer book.
2.1 The color code of a 1 kΩ resistance is:
(a) black, brown, red (b) red, brown, brown
(c) brown, black, red (d) black, black, red

2.2. A rectangular current pulse of duration T and magnitude I has the Laplace
transform
(a)
I
s
(b) ( ) exp
I
Ts
s
| |

|
\ .

(c) ( ) exp
I
Ts
s
| |
|
\ .
(d) ( ) 1 exp
I
Ts
s
| |
− −
|

\ .


2.3. A rectangular voltage pulse of magnitude V and duration T is applied to a series
combination of resistance R and capacitance C. The maximum voltage developed
across the capacitor is:
(a)
-
1 exp
T
V
RC
| |

|
\ .
(b)
VT
RC

(c) V (d) exp
T
V
RC
− | |
|
\ .


2.4. When a periodic triangular voltage peak amplitude 1 V and frequency 0.5 Hz is
applied to a parallel combination of 1Ω resistance and 1 F capacitance, the
current through the voltage source has wave-form.
(a) (b)


(c) (d)



2.5. For a flip-flop formed from two NAND
gates as shown in Fig.2.5, the unusable
state corresponds to
(a) X = 0, Y = 0
(b) X = 0, Y = 1
(c) X = 1, Y = 0
(d) X = 1, Y = 1
X
Y
Q
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2.6. The logic function
( ) ( )
. . f x y x y = + is the same as
(a) ( )
( )
f x y x y = + +
(b)
( )
( ) f x y x y = + + +
(c) ( )
( )
. . . f x y x y =
(d) None of (a), (b) (c).

2.7. The function corresponding to the Bode lot of Fig.2.7 is:
(a)
1
/ A jf f = (b)
( )
1
1
1 /
A
jf f
=


(c)
( )
1
1
1 /
A
jf f
=
+
(d)
1
1 / A jf f = +

2.8. For a single phase overhead line having solid copper conductors of diameter 1
cm, spaced 60 cm between centers, the inductance in mH/km is:
(a) 0.05 0.2ln60 + (b) 0.2ln60
(c)
60
0.05 0.2ln
0.5
| |
+
|
\ .
(d)
60
0.2ln
0.5
| |
|
\ .


2.9. A single phase AC distributor supplies two single phase loads as shown in Fig.2.9.
The voltage drop from A to C is:
(a) 4.5 V (b) 31.5 V
(c) 30 V (d) 20 V


2.10. An industrial consumer has a daily load pattern of 2000 kW, 0.8 lag for 12
hours, and 1000 kW UPF for 12 hours. The load factor is:
(a) 0.5 (b) 0.75 (c) 0.6 (d) 2.0

2.11. A 220 kV, 20 km long, 3-phase transmission line has the following A, B, C, D
constants. A = D = 0.96 ∠3°, B = 55∠65°Ω/phase, C = 0.5E - 04∠80°S/phase.
Its charging current per phase is:
(a)
11
3
A (b) 11A (c) 220A (d)
220
3
A



0
A
dB
0 dB
6 dB per
octive
f1 f
A B C
230V
0+j0.35Ω
30A,
0-8leg
40A,
upf
0+j0.25Ω
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2.12. A 3-phase, 11 kV, 50 Hz, 200 kW load has a power factor of 0.8 lag. A delta
connected 3-phase capacitor is used to improve the power factor to unity. The
capacitance power phase of the capacitor in microfarads is
(a) 3.948 (b) 1.316 (c) 0.439 (d) 11.844

2.13. A 10 kVA, 400 V/200V single-phase transformers with 10% impedance draws a
steady short circuit line current of
(a) 50 A (b) 150 A (c) 250 A (d) 350 A

2.14. The percentage resistance and percentage reactance of a 10 kVA, 400 V/200 V,
3-phase transformer are 2% and 10% respectively. If the constant losses in the
machine are 1%, the maximum possible percentage efficiency of the transformer
is:
(a) 98.32 (b) 97.25 (c) 96.85 (d) 96.12

2.15. A 400V/100V, 10 kVA two-winding transformer is reconnected as an auto-
transformer across a suitable voltage source. The maximum rating of such an
arrangement could be
(a) 50 kVA (b) 15 kVA (c) 12.5 kVA (d) 8.75 kVA

2.16. A DC shunt motor is running at 1200 rmp, when excited with 220 V DC.
Neglecting the losses and saturation, the speed of the motor when connected to a
175 V DC supply is:
(a) 750 RPM (b) 900 RPM (c) 1050 RPM (d) 1200 RPM

2.17. A three phase alternator is wound with a 60 degree phase-spread armature
windings and develops 300 kVA. If the armature is reconnected utilizing all the
coils for single phase operation with a phase spread of 180 degrees, the new
rating of the machine is
(a) 100 kVA (b) 200 kVA (c) 250 kVA (d) 300 kVA

2.18. A 10 kVA, 400 V/200 V, single phase transformer with a percentage resistance
of 3% and percentage reactance of 6% is supplying a current of 50 A to a
resistive load. The value of the load voltage is:
(a) 194 V (b) 390 V (c) 192 V (d) 196 V

2.19. For a dual ADC type
1
3
2
digit DVM, the reference voltage is 100 mV and the first
integration time is set to 300 ms. For some input voltage, the "deintegration¨
period is 370.2 ms. The DVM will indicate
(a) 123.4 (b) 199.9 (c) 100.0 (d) 1.141

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2.20. When a resistor R is connected to a current source, it consumes a power of 18 W.
when the same R is connected to a voltage source having the same magnitude as
the current source, the power absorbed by R is 4.5 W. The magnitude of the
current source and the value of R are
(a) 18Aand 1Ω (b) 3A and 2Ω
(c) 1A and 18Ω (d) 6A ad 0.5 Ω

2.21. A current of ( ) ( )
( )
2 2 sin sin 314 30 2 2 cos 952 45 t t

+ + + +


is measured with a
thermocouple type, 5A full-scale, class 1 meter. The meter reading would lie in
the range
(a) 5A±1% (b)
( )
2 3 2 + A±1%
(c) 3A±1.7% (d) 2A±2.5%

2.22. Currents
1 2 3
, and I I I meet at a junction (node) in a circuit. All currents are
marked as entering the node.
If ( ) ( )
1 2 3
6sin and 8cos , then I t mA I t mA I ω ω = − = will be
(a) ( ) 10cos 36.87 t mA ω + (b) ( ) 14cos 36.87 t mA ω +
(c) ( ) 14sin 36.87 t mA ω − + (d) ( ) 10cos 36.87 t mA ω − +

2.23. Two 100µA full-scale PMMC meters are employed to construct a 10 V and a 100V
full scale voltmeter. These meters will have figures of merit (sensitivities) as
(a) 10 kΩ/V and 10 kΩ/V (b) 100 kΩ/V and 10 kΩ/V
(c) 10 kΩ/V and 100 kΩ/V (d) 10 kΩ/V and 1 kΩ/V

2.24. A fixed capacitor of reactance -j0.02Ω is connected in parallel across a series
combination of a fixed inductor of reactance j0.01Ω and a variable resistance R.
As R is varied from zero to infinity, the locus diagram of the admittance of this L-
C-R circuit will be
(a) a semi-circle of diameter j 100 and center at zero.
(b) a semi-circle of diameter j 50 and center at zero
(c) a straight line inclined at an angle


(d) a straight line parallel to the x-axis

2.25. The voltage phasor of a circuit is 10∠15° V and the current phasor is 2∠-45° A.
The active and the reactive powers in the circuit are:
(a) 10 W and 17.32 VAr (b) 5 W and 8.66 VAr
(c) 20 W and 60 VAr (d) 20 2 W and 10 2 VAr

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SECTION - B

This section consists of TWENTY questions of FIVE marks each. ANY FIFTEEN out of
them have to be answered. If more number of questions are attempted, score off the
answers not be evaluated, else, only the first fifteen unscored answers will be
considered.
3. Solve the circuit shown in Fig.3 using the mesh method of analysis and determine
the mesh currents
1 2 3
, and . I I I Evaluate the power developed in the 10V voltage
source.







4. A constant voltage frequency sinusoidal voltage source of magnitude
s
V is
connected to a series circuit made of a resistance of 15Ω, a coil of winding
resistance R and inductance L and a 50 µF capacitor. The voltage across the 15Ω
resistors is 30V, across the coil is 50V, across the capacitor is 40 V. the voltage
across the combination of the 15Ω resistor and the coil together is 72.11 V.
determine the values of the inductance L, winding resistance R and the source
voltage V.

5. The ratio error of a given
1000
5
A current transformer is zero when feeding 5 VA,
upf burden at rated current. Estimate the iron loss of the current transformer at
this operating condition if the secondary has 198 turns and a winding resistance
of 0.02Ω. Neglect leakage reactance.

6. A charge +Q is uniformly distributed throughout the volume of a dielectric sphere
of radius R and dielectric constant .
R
ε based on Gauss law, determine the
expressions for the electric field E as a function of distance r from the center of
the sphere, within the ranges 0 < r < R and R ≤ r. Indicate expression(s) for the
critical point (s) on the sketch.

7. The logic function F = AC + ABD + ACD is to be
realized using an 8 to 1 multiplexer shown in
Fig.7, using A, C and D as control inputs.
(a) Indicate the inputs to be applied at the
terminals 0 to 7.
(b) Can the function be realize using a 4 to 1
multiplexer? State YES or NO.
8. For the network of Fig.8, obtain the state equation
2A
+
− −
+
+ −
I1 I3
I2
2Ω
2V
12V 10V
4Ω
6Ω
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
D C
LSB
A
F
8×1
MUX
i
L
R
C
VC
i1
+
-
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in terms of capacitor voltage,
c
V and inductor current
1
. i




9. For the small signal BJT amplifier shown in Fig.9, determine at 1 kHz, the
following:
(a) quiescent collector current,
cQ
I
(b) small signal voltage gain, ;
o
i
ν
ν
| |
|
\ .

(c) maximum possible swing of the collector current












10. The input voltage
i
ν in the circuit shown in Fig.10 is a 1 kHz sine wave of 1 V
amplitude. Assume ideal operational amplifiers with 15 ± VDC supply. Sketch on
a single diagram the waveforms of the voltages
1
1, and
i o
ν ν ν shown, indicating
the peak value of
1
ν and the average value .
o
ν










5V
RC RB
25µF
420kΩ
1kΩ
25µF
Vo
V1
0.7V
+
RB
100Ω
+

+

V0
Vi
1kΩ
10kΩ
5kΩ
10kΩ
V1
100µF
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11. Determine the magnitudes of the symmetrical components
( )
, ,
aQ a a
I I I
+ +
of the
currents in a three phase (RYB) three wire system, when a short circuit occurs
between R and Y phase wires, the fault current being 100A.

12. A 6.6 kV, 50 Hz, single core lead-sheathed cable has the following data:
Conductor diameter: 1.5 cm, length:4 km
Internal diameter of the sheath : 3 cm
Resistivity of insulation : 1.3 × 10
12
Ω-m
Relative permittivity of insulation : 3.5
Calculate:
(a) the insulation resistance
(b) the capacitance and
(c) the maximum electric stress in the insulation

13. A 66 kV, 3-phase, 50 Hz, 150 km long overhead transmission line is open
circuited at the receiving end. Each conductor has a resistance of 0.25Ω/km, an
inductive reactance of 0.5Ω/km and a capacitive admittance to neutral of 0.04 ×
10
-4
S/km.
(a) Draw the nominal π-equivalent circuit and indicate the value of each
parameter.
(b) Calculate the receiving end voltage if the sending end voltage is 66 kV.

14. Determine the required MVA rating of the circuit breaker CB for the system
shown in fig.14. Consider the grid as infinite bus. Choose 6 MVA as base.
Transformer: 3-phase, 33/11 kV, 6 MVA, 0.01 + j0.08 p.u. impedance.
Load: 3-phase, 11 kV, 5800 MVA, 0.8 lag, j0.2 p.u. impedance.
Impedance of each feeder 9 + j18Ω.





15. In a transmission line each conductor is at 20 kV and is
supported by a string of 3 suspension insulators. The air
capacitance between each cap-pin junction and tower is
one-fifth of the capacitance C of each insulator unit. A
guard ring, effective only over the line-end insulator
unit is fitted so that the voltages on the two units
nearest the line-end are equal.
(a) Calculate the voltage on the line-end unit.
(b) Calculate the value of capacitance
x
C required.
Grid
Feeder 1
Feeder 1
CB
Load
T
C
C
C
Cx
C/5
C/5
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16. In the circuit shown in Fig.16, the capacitor is initially charged to 12 V. find the
mathematical expression for the voltage across the capacitor
c
ν after closing thw
switch at t = 0.









17. A 3 kW, 400V/200V, Delta/Star, 50 Hz, three phase, 6-pole induction motor is
found to draw a line current of 25 A at a power factor of 0.4, when a blocked
rotor test is conducted at the rated voltage. Determine the stator and rotor
winding resistances in ohms per phase, if the torque developed by the motor
under the above conditions is 25 N-m.

18. Two single-phase transformers A and B have the following parameters:
Transformer A: 400V/200V, percentage resistance and percentage reactance
3% and 4% respectively.
Transformer B: 5 kVA, 400V/200V, percentage resistance and percentage
reactance are 4% and 3% respectively.
These two transformers are connected in parallel and they share a common load
of 12 kW at a power factor of 0.8 lagging. Determine the active and reactive
power delivered by transformer A.

19. A separately excited DC shunt motor is driving a fan load whose torque is
proportional to the square of the speed. When 100 V are applied to the motor,
the current taken by the motor is 8A, with the speed being 500 rpm. At what
applied voltage does the speed reach 750 rpm and then what is the current
drawn by the armature? Assume the armature circuit resistance to be 1Ω.
Neglect brush drop and mechanical losses.

20. A 5 MVA, 11 kV, 3-phase star connected alternator is synchronized to the bus
bars and is operating with an induced EMF of 125% of the rated voltage. If the
load current is 500A, what is the power factor of operation? The machine has a
synchronous reactance of 5Ω and negligible resistance per phase.

21. A three phase diode bridge is used to provide rectified output from a 400V, 50
Hz, 3-phase supply to a R-L load with 10Ω resistance and 300 mH inductance.
Determine the
(a) DC level of the output voltage (b) RMS value of the diode current,
(c) RMS value of the source current, and
(d) Apparent power drawn from the mains.
18Ω
5Ω
7Ω
2Ω
Vc
+ −
004µF
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V1
V2
A2 A1
46Ω 230V
50Hz
~
M
W
L
C
22. For the circuit shown in Fig.22, the internal resistance of the ammeters as well as
that of the current coil of the wattmeter are zero, and the voltmeters have a very
large figure of merit.
1
A is a 6A full scale moving iron type meter.
2
A is a
commercial full wave rectifier type meter of full scale 5A.
1
V is a 500V meter of
the peak response type.
2
V is a 300V PMMC type meter and W is an
electrodynamometer type, 5A, 230V wattmeter. Determine the readings of
1 2 1 2
, , , and W. A A V V








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SECTION - A

1. In each of sub question (1.1 to 1.25) four alternatives A, B, C and D are provided
of which one is correct. Indicate in your book, at the space provided, the correct
answer by writing the alphabet corresponding to the answer.

1.1 A sinusoidal source of voltage V and frequency f is connected to a series circuit of
variable resistance, R and a fixed reactance, X. The locus of the tip of the
current-phasor, I, as R is varied from 0 to ∞ is:
(a) a semicircle with a diameter of .
V
X

(b) a straight line with a slop of
R
X

(c) an ellipse with
V
R
as major axis.
(d) a circle of radius
R
X
and origin at 0,
2
V | |
|
\ .
.

1.2 A circuit with a resistor, inductor and capacitor in series is resonant of .
o
f Hz If all
the component values are now doubled, the new resonant frequency is:

(a) 2
o
f (b) still
o
f (c)
4
o
f
(d)
2
o
f


1.3 In the circuit shown in Fig.1.3, it is desired to have a constant direct current i(t)
through the ideal inductor L. the nature of the voltage source v(t) must be:
(a) constant voltage
(b) linearly increasing voltage
(c) an ideal impulse
(d) exponentially increasing voltage


1.4 The reflection coefficient for the transmission line shown in Fig.1.4 at P is:
(a) +1
(b) -1
(c) 0
(d) 0.5




i(t)
v(t)
L
P Transmission line
Load 300Ω
Zo = 300Ω
Zo = Sugar impedance
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1.5 The laws of electromagnetic induction (Faraday´s and Lenz´s law) are summarized
in the following equation:
(a) e = iR (b)
di
e L
dt
=
(c)
d
e
dt
ψ
= − (d) None of the above

1.6 A synchronous generator connected to an infinite bus is overexcited. Considering
only the reactive power, from the point of view of the system, the machine acts
as
(a) a capacitor (b) an inductor
(c) a resistor (d) None of the above

1.7 A 3 phase squirrel cage induction motor has a full load efficiency of 0.8 and a
maximum efficiency of 0.9. It is operated at a slip of 0.6 by applying a reduced
voltage. The efficiency of the motor at this operating point is:
(a) less than 0.4 (b) greater than 0.6
(c) in the range of 0.8 ±0.1 (d) None of the above

1.8 The efficiency of a 100 KVA transform is 0.98 at full as well as at half load. For
this transformer at full load the copper loss.
(a) is less than core loss (b) is equal to core loss
(c) is more than core loss (d) None of the above

1.9 The magnetizing current in a transformer is rich in
(a) 3
rd
harmonic (b) 5
th
harmonic (c) 7
th
harmonic (d) 13
th
harmonic

1.10 Series capacitive compensation in EHV transmission lines is used to
(a) reduce the line loading
(b) improve the stability of the system
(c) reduce the voltage profile (d) improve the protection of the line

1.11 Bulk power transmission over long HVDC lines are preferred, on account of
(a) low cost of HVDC terminals (b) no harmonic problems
(c) minimum line power losses (d) simple protection





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1.12 The output of a linear time invariant control system is c(t) for a certain input
r(t). If r(t) is modified by passing it through a block whose transfer function is
s
e

and then applied to the system, the modified output of the system would be
(a)
( )
1
t
c t
e +
(b)
( )
1
t
c t
e

+

(c) ( ) ( ) 1 1 c t u t − − (d) ( ) ( ) 1 c t u t −

1.13 None of the poles of a linear control system lie in the right half of s-plane. For a
bounded input, the output of this system
(a) is always bounded (b) could be unbounded
(c) always tends to zero (d) None of the above

1.14 The phase lead compensation is used to
(a) increase rise time and decrease overshoot
(b) decrease both rise time and overshoot
(c) increase both rise time and overshoot
(d) decrease rise time and increase overshoot

1.15 A set of linear equations is represented by the matrix equation Ax=b. the
necessary condition for the existence of a solution for this system is:
(a) A must be invertible
(b) b must be linearly depended on the columns of A
(c) b must be linearly independent of the columns of A
(d) None of the above

1.16 The vector
1
2
1






is an eigen vector of
2 2 3
2 1 6 .
1 2 0
A
− −

= −


− −

One of the given values of
A is:
(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 5 (d) -1

1.17
2 0 0 1
0 1 0 0
.
0 0 3 0
1 0 0 4
A



=




The sum of the eigen values of the matrix A is:
(a) 10 (b) -10 (c) 24 (d) 22

1.18 A d.c. voltmeter has a sensitivity of 1000 Ω/volt. When it measures half full scale
in 100V range, the current through the voltmeter is
(a) 100 mA (b) 1 mA (c) 0.5 mA (d) 50 mA
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1.19. A moving coil galvanometer is made into a d.c. ammeter by connecting
(a) a low resistance across the meter
(b) a high resistance in series with the meter
(c) a pure inductance across the meter
(d) a capacitor in series with the meter

1.20. The open collector outputs of two 2-inputs NAND gates are connected to a
common pull up resistor. If the input to the gates are P, Q and R, S respectively,
the output is equal to
(a) . . . . P QRS (b) PQ RS + (c) . . P Q RS + (d) . . . P Q RS

1.21. In standard TTL gates, the totem pole output stage is primarily used to
(a) increase the noise margin of the gate
(b) decrease the output switching delay
(c) facilitate a wired OR logic connection
(d) increase the output impedance of the circuit

1.22. One of the applications of current mirror is:
(a) output current limiting
(b) obtaining a very high current gain
(c) current feedback
(d) temperature stabilized biasing

1.23. The uncontrolled electronic switch employed in power electronic converters is:
(a) thyristor (b) bipolar junction transistor
(c) diode (d) MOSFET

1.24. The MOSFET switch in its on-state may be considered equivalent to:
(a) resistor (b) inductor (c) capacitor (d) battery

1.25 In a commutation circuit employed to turn off an SCR, satisfactory turn-off is
obtained when
(a) circuit turn-off time < device turn-off time
(b) circuit turn-off time > device turn-off time
(c) circuit time constant > device turn-off time
(d) circuit time constant < device turn-off time



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2. Questions 2.1 to 2.20 are accompanied by four answers of which one is correct.
Indicate the correct answer, in the space provided in the answer book, by writing
the alphabet A, B, C or D.
For each of questions 2.21 to 2.25, three items are given on the left side and
more than three on the right. For each item on the left, match a suitable answer
from the items on the right (e.g.A-Q, B-S, C-T). Write your answer in the space
provided in the answer book.

2.1 Viewed from the terminals A, B the following circuit shown in Fig.2.1 can be
reduced to an equivalent circuit of a single voltage source in series with a single
resistor with the following parameters:
(a) 5 volt source in series with 10Ω resistor
(b) 1 volt source in series with 2.4Ω resistor
(c) 15 volt source in series with 2.4Ω resistor
(d) 1 volt source in series with 10Ω resistor


2.2. The effective inductance of the circuit across the terminals A, B in the Fig.2.2
shown below is:
(a) 9 H
(b) 21 H
(c) 11 H
(d) 6 H



2.3. The neutral of 10 MVA, 11 KV alternator is earthed through a resistance of 5
ohms. The earth fault relay is set to operate at 0.75A. The CT´s have a ratio of
1000 : 5.What percentage of the alternator winding is protected?
(a) 85% (b) 88.2% (c) 15% (d) 11.8%

2.4. If the length of a wire of resistance R is uniformly stretched to n times its original
value, its new resistance is:
(a) nR (b)
R
n
(c)
2
n R (d)
R
n
2

2.5. A cable has the following characteristics. L =0.201 µH/m and C = 196.2 p/F/m.
The velocity of wave propagation through the cable is:
(a) 32 m/s (b) 159.24 µ/ms (c) 0.0312 m/s (d) 159.24 m/s




+

4Ω
5V
+

A
B
10V
6Ω
1H
2H
3H
6H
4H
5H
A
B
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2.6. A 50 Hz transformer having equal hysteresis and eddy current losses at rated
excitation is operated at 45 Hz at 90% of its rated voltage. Compared to rated
operating point, the core losses under this condition:
(a) reduce by 10% (b) reduce by 19%
(c) reduce by 14.5% (d) remain unchanged

2.7. The armature of a single phase alternator is completely wound with T single turn
coils distributed uniformly. The induced voltage in each turn is 2V (rms). The emf
of the whole winding is
(a) 2T volt (b) 1.11 T volt (c) 1.414 T volt (d) 1.273 T volt

2.8. A 240 V d.c. shunt motor with an armature resistance of 0.5Ω has a full load
current of 40 A. Find the ratio of the stalling torque to the full load torque when a
resistance of 1Ω is connected in series with the armature?
(a) 4 (b) 12
(c) 6 (d) None of the above

2.9. A shunt reactor of 100 MVAr is operated at 98% of its rated voltage and at 96%
of its rated frequency. The reactive power absorbed by the reactor is:
(a) 98 MVAr (b) 104.02 MVAr (c) 96.04 MVAr (d) 100.04 MVAr

2.10. A power station consists of two synchronous generators A and B of ratings 250
MVA and 500 MVA with inertia 1.6 p.u. and 1 p.u., respectively on their own base
MVA ratings. The equivalent p.u. inertia constant for the system on 100 MVA
common base is:
(a) 2.6 (b) 0.615 (c) 1.625 (d) 9.0

2.11. For the network shown in Fig.2.11, the zero sequence reactance´s in p.u. are
indicated. The zero sequence driving point reactance of the node 3 is:






(a) 0.12 (b) 0.30 (c) 0.10 (d) 0.20





~ ~



xgo=0.1
xto=0.15
x10=0.05
xgo=0.2
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2.12. The Laplace transform of
( )
( )
2
2 1 t t u t − − is:
(a)
3 2
2 2
s s
e e
s s
− −
− (b)
2
3 2
2 2
s s
e e
s s
− −

(c)
3
2 2
s s
e e
s
s
− −
− (d) None of the above
2.13. For block diagram shown in Fig.2.13
( )
( )
C s
R s
is given by








(a)
1 2 3
2 2 3 1 1 2
1
G G G
H G G H G G + +
(b)
1 2 3
1 2 3 1 2
1
G G G
G G G H H +

(c)
1 2 3
1 2 3 1 1 2 3 2
1
G G G
G G G H G G G H + +
(d)
1 2 3
1 2 3 1
1
G G G
G G G H +


2.14. The number of roots on the equation
4 3 2
2 3 5 7 0 S S S S + + + + = that lie in the
right half of S plane is:
(a) zero (b) one (c) two (d) three

2.15.
5 0 2
0 3 0 .
2 0 1
A


=



The inverse of A is:
(a)
1 0 2
1
0 0
3
2 0 5







(b)
5 0 2
1
0 0
3
2 0 1







(c)
1 1
0
5 2
1
0 0
3
1
0 1
2









(d)
1 1
0
5 2
1
0 0
3
1
0 1
2












2.16. The value of
2
1
1
dx
x
| |
|
\ .
í
computed using Simpson´s rule with a step size of h = 0.25
is:
(a) 0.69430 (b) 0.69385 (c) 0.69325 (d) 0.69415
H2
G1
G2 G3
H1
R(s) C(s)
+

+ −
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M
p
q
r
s
t
v
2MΩ
6MΩ
12MΩ
600kΩ
120kΩ
60kΩ
20kΩ
Range
d c probe
2.17. Fig. 2.17 shows the input attenuator of
a multimeter. The meter reads full scale
with 12 V at M, with the range switch at
position `q´. What is the required
voltage at M to obtain full-scale
deflection with the range switch at
position `s´?

(a) 1 V (b) 150 V
(c) 120 V (d) 147 V









2.18. Fig.2.18 shows the electrostatic vertical deflection system of CRT. Given that
A
V is
the accelerating voltage, the deflection sensitivity (deflection/volt) is proportional
to:
(a)
s
A
LL
dV

(b)
s D
A
LL V
dV

(c)
s
A
LL
V
d

(d)
s
A
dL
LV



2.19. When the firing angle α of a single phase, fully controlled rectifier feeding
constant d.c. current into a load is 30°, the displacement power factor of the
rectifier is:
(a) 1 (b) 0.5 (c)
1
3
(d)
3
2


+VD
0
L
LS
2
d
+
2
d

e beam
Deflection plate
Electron Trajectory
Fluorescent screen
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2.20. A 3-phsae, fully controlled, converter is feeding power into a d.c. load at a
constant current of 150 A. The rms current through each thyristor of the
converter is:
(a) 50A (b) 100A (c)
150 2
3
(d)
150
3

2.21.
Measurement Instrument used
(A) Transients (P) Signal generator
(B) Frequency (Q) Spectrum analyzer
(C) Harmonic content (R) Digital storage oscilloscope
(S) Pulse counter
2.22.

Test Machine
(A) No load and blocked rotor test (P) Transformer
(B) Sumpner´s test (Q) Induction machine
(C) Swinburn´s test (R) Synchronous machine
(S) DC machine

2.23. Circuit
(a) (P) High-pass filter








(b) (Q) Amplifier







~
+
− Vo
Vin
VCC
~
+
− Vo
Vin
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(c) (R) Comparator






(S) Low-pass filter

2.24.

Logic Function
(A) X Y +
(P) Sum
(B) XY (Q) NAND
(C) X Y
(R) Carry
(S) NOR

2.25. A NPN, silicon transistor is meant for low-current audio amplification. Match its
following characteristics against their values:

Characteristics Values
(A) ,max
EB
V (P) 0.7 V
(B) ,max
CB
V (Q) 0.2 V
(C) ,
CE
V sat (R) 6 V
(S) 50 V

3. The Switch in the following circuit, shown in Fig.3, has been connected to the 12
V source for a long time. At t = 0, the switch is thrown to 24 V.
(a) Determine i
L
(o) and V
c
(o)
(b) Write the differential equation governing V
c
(t) for t > 0
(c) Compute the steady state value of V
c
(t).






~
+
− Vo
Vin
VC(t)
+

+

12V
24V
t=0
iL
L
R1
R2
iR2
ic
C
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4. A 50 hp, 6 pole, 50 Hz slip-ring induction motor runs at 960 rpm on full load with
a rotor current of 40 A. allowing 300 W for the copper loss in the short circuiting
gear and 1200 W for mechanical losses, find the resistance R
2
per phase of the 3
phase rotor winding.

5. Each conductor of a 33 KV, 3-phase system is suspended by a string of three
similar insulars. The ratio of shunt capacitance to mutual capacitance is 0.1.
Calculate the voltage across each insulator, and the string efficiency.

6. Find the value of S at the end of the execution of the following program segment.
(given in FORTRAN CODE as well as C code).
FORTRAN CODE
C Function MOD (A,B) Returns the value
C (A modulo B)
S = 0
DO 1 1 = 1,100
IF (MOD) (1,7). EQ.0) GO TO 1
IF (MOD) (1,10). EQ.7) GO TO 1
S = S +1
1 CONTINUE
C CODE
S = 0;
for (i´=1; i≤100;)
{
if (!(i%7)) go to skip;
if ((i%10)==7) go to skip;
S = S+i;
Skip: i++;
}

7. In a digital combinational circuit with 4 inputs (A, B, C, D), it is required to obtain
an output of logical 1 only for the input combination (A = 1; B = C = D = 0). It is
known that the following combinations of input are forbidden:
ABCD = 1010, 1011, 1100, 1101, 1110, 1111
Evaluate the logical expression for the output and realize the same with two input
NAND gates. Assume that complements of inputs are not available.





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SECTION - B
(50 Marks)

Answer any TEN questions from this section. All questions carry equal marks.

8. A circuit consisting of a single resistor R and an inductor L in series is driven by a
25 V rms, 50 Hz sinusoidal voltage source. A capacitor is to be placed in parallel
with the source to improve the power factor. Given that the average power
dissipated in the R is 100 W and that the reactive power delivered to the L is 75
Var, what value of C will yield a 0.9 p.f. lagging as seen by the source?

9. Determine the impedance seen by the source 24 0
s
V = ∠ ° in the network shown in
Fig.9.







10. An infinite number of charges, each equal to `q´ are placed along the x= 1, x = 2,
x = 4, x = 8, x = 16 and so on. Find the potential and electron field at point x =
0, due to these system of charges.

11. An electron moves in the X-Y plane with a speed of 10
6
m/s. Its velocity vector
makes an angle of 60° with X-axis. A magnetic field of magnitude 10
-2
T exists
along the Y-axis. Compute the magnetic force exerted on the electron and its
direction.

12. A DC shunt generator delivers 60 KW at 240 V and 360 rpm. The armature and
field resistances are 0.015Ω and 60Ω respectively. Calculate the speed of the
machine running as a shunt motor and taking 60 KW input at 240 V. Allow 1 volt
per brush for contact drop.

13. In a 50 KVA, 11 KV/400 V transformers, the iron and copper losses are 500 W
and 600 W respectively under rated conditions. Calculate the efficiency on unity
power factor at full load. Find the load for maximum efficiency and the iron and
copper losses corresponding to this load.





2Ω
-j1Ω -j2Ω
j1Ω
j3Ω j3Ω
2Ω
I1
I2
Vs
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14. For the given network in Fig.14, obtain the bus admittance matrix ( )
BUS
Y using
the data given:









Shunt reactor at node Impedance
1 - 2 0.0 + j2.0

15. In a power system, the fuel inputs per hour of plants 1 and 2 are given as
F
1
= 0.20 P
12
+ 30 P
1
+ 100 Rs per hour
F
2
= 0.25 P
22
+ 40 P
2
+ 150 Rs per hour

The limits of generators are:
20 ≤ P
1
≤ 80 MW
40 ≤ P
2
≤ 200 MW
Find the economic operating schedule of generation, if the load demand is 130
MW, neglecting transmission losses.

16. An alternator is connected to an infinite bus as shown in Fig.16. It delivers 1.0
p.u. current at 0.8 pf lagging at V = 1.0 p.u. The reactance X
d
of the alternator is
1.2 p.u. Determine the active power output and the steady state power limit.
Keeping the active power fixed, if the excitation is reduced, find the critical
excitation corresponding to operation at stability limit.







Lines between nodes Impedance p.u. Half of line charging admittance
1 - 2 0.0 + j0.05 j1.25
1 - 3 0.0 + j0.02 J0.50
2 - 3 0.0 + j0.02 J0.50
~



Shunt reactor
~
E∠δ
Xd
V=1.0∠0°
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17. The state-space representation of a system is given by:


1 1
2 2
5 1
6 0
x x
x x

=


Find the Laplace transform of the state transition matrix. Find also the value of
1
x at t = 1 if ( ) ( )
1 2
0 1 and 0 0. x x = =

18. The asymptotic magnitude Body plot of a system is given in Fig.18. Find the
transfer function of the system analytically. It is known that the system is
minimal phase system.











19. Given the differential equation ( ) ; 0 0; y x y y ′ = + = find y(0.8) using Adam
Moulton´s predictor corrector method and using a uniform step size h = 0.2.
generate the starting values using the solutions of the equations ( ) 1 .
x
y e x = − +
Estimate the error in the computed value of y (0.8).

20.
7 1 1
9 9
1 .
2 2
3 9
1
2 2
A


− −


= −






Find the transformation matrix using the householder´s method
to tridiagonalize A.






20 dB/dec
-40 dB/dec
36 dB
-21 dB
-40 dB/dec
IGI dB
ω1
ω3
2
4
log ω
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R
B
Y
R1
X2
R
X1
Y
21. A symmetrical 400 V, 3-phase supply is connected to the network shown in
Fig.21. the phase sequence is RYB. Find the reading on the wattmeter.
1 1 2
30 ; 50 and 40 R X X = Ω = Ω = Ω.











22. A moving coil instrument, whose resistance is 5Ω and whose working current (for
full-scale deflection) is 0.015 A, is to be used, with a manganin shunt, to
measure 100A. Calculate the error caused by a 10° C rise in temperature, if the
temperature coefficient of copper and manganin are 0.004 ohm/ohm/°C, and
0.00015 ohm/ohm/°C respectively.

23. In the circuit of Fig.23, R
s
= 2kΩ and R = 5Ω. For the op-amp, A = 10
5
, R
i
= 100
kΩ, and R
0
= 50 Ω.
For V
0
= 10V, calculate ν
s
and
0
s
V
V
and estimate the input resistance of the circuit.
















Rs
Vs
V0
RL
+

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J1 Q1


K1
1
Q
J2 Q2


K2
2
Q
J3 Q3


K3
3
Q
Clock
24. Show that the circuit given in Fig.24 will work as an oscillator at
1
,
2
f
RC π
= if
1 2
2 R R =













25. (a) Construct the truth table for the circuit given in Fig.25. Q
1
, Q
2
, and Q
3
are
outputs and the clock pulses are the inputs. Unused J, K inputs are assumed
to be at logic 1. All flip-flops are rest at power ON.
(b) Sketch the output waveforms at Q
1
, Q
2
, and Q
3
.
(c) What function does this circuit perform?












26. In a speed controlled d.c. motor drive, the load torque is 40 Nm. At time t = 0,
the operation is under steady state and speed is 500 rpm. Under this condition at
t = 0
+
, the generated torque is instantly increased to 100 Nm. The inertia of the
drive is 0.01 Nm sec
2
/rad. The friction is negligible.
(a) Write down the differential equation governing the speed of the drive for
t>0.
(b) Evaluate the time taken for the speed to reach 1000 rpm.
C R
+

R
C
R2 R1
V0ut
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A
iA
B
C
100A
3 phase input
27. A d.c. motor driven from a fully controlled 3 phase converter shown in Fig.27,
draws a d.c. current of 100 A with negligible ripple.
(a) Sketch the a.c. line current i
A
for one cycle
(b) Determine the 3
rd
and 5
th
harmonic component of the line current as a
percentage of fundamental current.

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