2009

Electrical Formula

M ALI WAQAR KHAN (Sr, Service Engineer)

GUIDE TO STANDARD UNIT
Kilo volts Amps = KVA

Legend
R = Resistance, in ohms P = Power, in watts V = Voltage, in volts

Kilo Watts (1000w x =1Kw) = KW Amps (volts Amp or current) = Volts Power Factor Percent Efficiency Horse Power = I E

I = Current, in amps HP = Horsepower L = Length

= PE = % EFF

Eff = Efficiency e.g. 85% = 0.85 = HP pF = Power Factor Output kW = Net effective mechanical power of a motor

Ohms Law
Power = V2 R P I V I P V or R x I2 or V x I

Voltage =

or

R x I

or

Resistance =

or

V2 P V R

or

P I2

Current =

or

or

Three Phase, Single Phase & DC Formula
Three Phase Single Phase Direct Current

kW =

I x V x 1.732 x pF 1000

I x V x pF kW = 1000 kW =

I x V 1000

kW =

KVA x pF

kW =

KVA x pF

HP x 746 kW = 1000 x Eff

Output kW =

I x V x 1.732 x pF x Eff 1000

Output kW =

I x V x pF x Eff 1000

Output kW =

I x V x Eff 1000

I x V x 1.732 kVA = 1000 kVA =

I x V 1000

kW kVA = pF

kW x 1000 I = V x 1.732 x pF x Eff I =

kW x 1000 I = V x pF x Eff

kW x 1000 V x Eff

kVA X 1000 I = V x 1.732 I =

kVA X 1000 V

HP x 746 I = V x 1.732 x pF x Eff I =

HP x 746 I = V x pF x Eff

HP x 746 V x Eff

HP =

I x V x 1.732 x pF x Eff 746

HP =

I x V x pF x Eff 746

HP =

I x V x Eff 746

kW x Eff x 1000 HP = 746

HP =

kVA x Eff x 1000 x pF 746

kW x 1000 pF = I x V x 1.732 pF =

kW x 1000 I x V

HP x 746 Eff = I x V x 1.732 x pF Eff =

HP x 746 Eff = I x V x pF

HP x 746 I x V

Voltage Drop

1000 x Vd Vc = L x I or Vd =

Vc x L x I 1000

where:

Vc = mV/Am L = Length I = Current Vd = Voltage Drop

Australian Standards specify a maximum of 5% voltage drop across the entire circuit (including mains, sub mains and final sub circuit).

Maximum Circuit Length Calculation

Lmax = Tha x Uo x Sph x Spe Ia x Resistivity x (Sph+Spe)

where:

Tha = System Impedance Factor Uo = Phase Voltage Sph = Cable CSA Spe = Cable Earth CSA Resistivity = Resistivity for Copper Ia = Magnetic release operating current, or fuse interupting

capacity