GENERAL AWARENESS HANDOUT

For SNAP
[Volume 1]
CopyrIght © Career Forum Ltd. 2007
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S. No. Topics Page number
1. Punch lines of different companies sector wise 3
2. CEO’s / Chairpersons 12
2 FIFA World Cup - 2006 16
3. Common Wealth Games 17
4. List of Twenty20 international records 18
5. Overview on Olympics 21
6. Overview on Formula 1 21
7. Overview on UNO 22
8. Overview on WTO 26
9. Overview on SAARC 27
10. Overview on ASEAN 28
11. Overview on G-8 Summit 30
12. Academy awards 2006 and 2007 33
13.
Miss World and Miss Universe winners
of 2006 & 2007 and some facts
33
14. Economic Times Awards 2007 & Nobel Prize 2007 35
15. Actual GK questions asked in SNAP 2006 36


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PUNCHLINES
Software-Giants

Accenture High performance delivered(ad-line)
Acer Empowering people
Acer We Hear you
Airtel Aisee azadi aur kahan(ad-campaign)
Airtel Jao jahan bhi karo kuch bhi
AT&T Your world delivered
BSNL Connecting India
Cisco System This is the power of the network. now
Dell Computers Consider the possibilities(tag-line)
Dolphin The affordable cellular service
HP Everything is possible(catch phrase)
HP Invent
IBM On demand business
IBM What makes you special
Infosys Technologies Powered by Intellect, Driven by value
Lenovo First you pay for it then it pays you back with interest(ad-line)
Microsoft Are you people ready
Microsoft Your potential our passion
MTNL Life Line of Delhi & Mumbai
NIIT Be more ambitious
Novell More than a fund, a friend
Polaris Power of precision
Reliance India Mobile Kabhi mobile kabhi computer
Reliance India Mobile Karlo duniya mutthi mein
Sify Making the internet work for you
Sun microsystem We are the dot in sun.com
Sybase Information anywhere
Tata Indicom Do more Live More
Trump The Easy way to stay in touch
Wipro Applying Thoughts


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Electronic Companies

Aiwa Pure passion
Akai Truly Japanese, truly advanced
Blue star Breath easy
BPL Believe in the best
Canon Delighting U always
Crompton Greaves Everyday solution
Daikin Complete silence
Electrolux Nourishing lives Nourishing hopes
Epson Exceed your vision
General electric Imagination at work
Hitachi Inspire the next
LG Life's good (tag line)
LG Inventive thinking (ad-campaign)
Mitsubishi Electric Change for the better
Nokia Connecting people
Olympus Your vision our future
Onida Nothing but the truth
Panasonic Ideas for life
Samsonite Take a different route (ad-line)
Sansui Born in Japan, entertaining the world
Schneider Electric Building a new electric world
Videocon More than a fund, a friend
Voltas The global cooling expert
Xerox The document company


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Airlines

Air India Fly well (tag-line)
Air India Express Simply Priceless
Air Mauritius Non-stop caring
Air Sahara Emotionally yours
Airbus Setting the standards
Austrian airlines Fly with friends
Austrian airlines The most friendly airlines
BMI Those who know fly BMI
Boeing Forever new frontier
British airways The world is waiting(ad-line)
Cathay pacific The heart of Asia
China airlines We blossom everyday
Emirates Keep Discovering
Finnair Why fly any other way
Gulf air Colour your sky
Indian Airlines Ltd New horizons. Enduring values.
Jet airways The joy of flying
KLM The reliable airlines
Lufthansa There is no better way to fly
Malaysia airlines Going beyond expectations
Qatar airlines More than a fund , a friend
Singapore airlines A great way to fly
Spice jet Flying for everyone
Sri Lankan Airways You are our world
Thai Airways Smooth as silk
Turkish Airlines Your Magical Gateway to the World


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Automobiles

Ambassador Grand Ride with pride
Ashok Leyland Engineering your tomorrow
Bajaj Eliminator Designed to lead
Bajaj Pulsar Definitely Male
BMW The ultimate driving machines
Bosch Invented for life
Cedia Totally responsive. Totally alive.
Chevrolet For a special journey called life
Chevrolet Optra Enjoy The Drive
Chevy SRV Be a sport
Daimler Chrysler Answer for question to come
Fiat Driven by the passion
Fiat Palio Technology. To the max
Fiat Palio nv No drivers only lovers
Fiat Siena Get Noticed
Ford Fusion Anything karega (ad-line)
Ford Ikon The josh life
Ford Mondeo Refined aggression
Ford Motors Making everyday exciting
Hero Honda motors India ltd Desh ki dhadkan(ad-campaign)
Hero Honda Splendor Designed to excell
Honda Accord More than a fund , a friend
Honda Unicorn Be a wing rider
Hyundai Drive your way
Hyundai Accent Affordable luxury
Hyundai Accent Sheer pleasure
Hyundai Accent Viva Rev your imagination
Hyundai Santro India’s favourite family car
Hyundai Santro zip plus The sunshine car
Hyundai Sonata Rediscover luxury
Hyundai Sonata Embera Undoubtedly distinguished
Land Cruiser Prado Absolute Power period
LML Freedom Ride it to believe it
Mahindra Sixty years of leadership
Mahindra Scorpio Nothing else will do
Maruti 800 Change your life
Maruti Esteem Move ahead in luxury
Maruti Suzuki Count on us


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Maruti Versa 2 luxury cars in 1
Maruti Versa The Joy of traveling together
Maruti Wagon R Feeling at home
Maruti Wagon R For the smarter race (tag-line)
Mercedes Benz The future of automobiles
Mercedes Benz Brace yourself(ad-line)
Mitsubishi Lancer Own the road
Opel The flight of German engineering
Opel Astra The science of comfort
Opel Vectra Enriched with style, driven by intelligence
Skoda Auto Obsessed with quality since 1885
Tata Indica v2 Even more car per car
Tata Indigo Spoil yourself
Tata Safari Make your own road
Toyota Moving forward
Toyota Camry Beyond excellence(tag-line)
Toyota Corolla The one above
Toyota Innova All you desire
TVS Apache Its now or never
TVS Centra Fill it once a month
TVS Victor More smiles per hour
Yamaha Touching your heart


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Financial Institutions

Allahabad Bank A tradition of trust
Allianz Bajaj life insurance Haske jiyo yaar(tag-line)
Allianz Bajaj life insurance The power on your side
Aviva life insurance co. Ka par control
Bank of Baroda India’s international bank
Bank of India Relationship Beyond Banking
Bank of Rajasthan Dare to dream
BNP Paribas The banking for a changing world
Bombay stock exchange ltd. The edge is efficiency
Canara Bank Life long banking
Corporation Bank One bank, many solution
Dena Bank Trusted family bank
DSP Merrill Lynch Bullish on life
Ernst & Young Quality in everythig we do
Franklin Templeton investments Gain from our perspective
HDFC Standard Life Respect yourself
HSBC The worlds local bank
ICICI Lombard General Insurance We keep you going
ICICI Prudential Life Insurance We cover you at every step of life
IDFC Think infrastructure. Think IDFC
Iffco Tokio General insurance The life you deserve
IL & FS More than a fund , a friend
Indian overseas bank Good people to grow with
IndusInd bank We care ….Dil se
Kotak Investment banking
Kotak Life Insurance Bulls you win. Bear you win (ad-campaign)
LIC We know India better
LIC trust - thy name is LIC(ad-line)
Lord Krishna bank Banking as you like it
MCX Trade with trust
National insurance Insuring your happiness
New India insurance comp. ltd Assurance of the leader
Oriental bank of commerce Where every individual is committed
Punjab national bank ….The name you can bank upon
Royal Sundaram Beyond expectations
SBI life insurance With us you are sure
SBI mutual Soch hamari fayda aapka (ad-line)
SBT For your better tomorrow


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State Bank of India With you all the way
State Bank of India Surprisingly(catch-phrase)
Syndicate Bank Reliable Responsive
Tata AIG A new look at life
Tata Mutual Fund With expertise comes trust
The Federal Bank Ltd. Your perfect banking partner
The Vysya Bank Ltd Experience relationship banking
UCO Bank Honours your trust
Union Bank of India Good people to bank with
Vijaya Bank A friend you can bank upon

MEDIA

Amar Ujala Yehi sahi hai
BBC Putting news first
Business India The magazine of the corporate world
Business Standard When you are sure
Business Today For managing tomorrow
Business World Magazine of the new economy
Business World Read business (tag-line)
CNBC Awaz The voice of the Indian consumer
CNBC India Profit from it.
CNN Be the first to know
CNN IBN Whatever it takes
Forbes Capitalist tools
Hindu Business Line The white paper on business
Hindustan Times Makes you look good(ad-line)
Hindustan Times Let there be light(ad-campaign)
India Infoline.com Its all about money honey
NDTV Experience truth first
NDTV Profit News you can use
Outlook Speak out(ad-line)
Tehelka(newspaper) Free. Fair. Fearless
The Financial Express Intelligent. Incisive. Indispensable
The Statesman Why settle for less? (tag-line)
The Telegraph Unputdownable
The Times of India Let truth prevail
The Week India's best informed news weekly
Times Now Feel the news
Zee Business Channel Aapka fayda


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Miscellaneous

Adlabs Never a Dull Moment
Allen Solly Friday dressing
Amul The taste of India
Amway Better ideas. Better life.
Anchor white 100% vegetarian toothpaste
Andaman Emerald blue & u
Antiquity So true , So blue
Apollo tyres Unstoppable
Applied Materials Information for everyone
Areva Energy experts
Arrow USA 1851(tag-line)
Arvind mills We understand textile
Asmi For the Woman of Spirit
Aventis(pharma comp) Our challenge is life
Bayer Expertise with responsibilities
Berger paints Color of joy
BHEL Committed to making a better nation
Birla Tyres Car radials with Pirelli technology
Birla Tyres Disaster-resistant
Bombay Dyeing Bring style home
Bosch Invented for life
Bridgestone tyres Passion in excellence
Chevron More than a fund , a friend
Dettol Be 100% sure
Digjam A celebration of life
Digjam Dressing the world(ad-line)
DLF Building India
Enron Endless possibilities
FedEx We live to deliver
Four squares Live life king size
GAIL Gas & beyond
Gati We deliver anything anywhere
Gillette The Best a Man Can Get
Gold flake Quality that’s forever
Good year tyres One revolution ahead
HBO Simply the best
Hidesign Real Leather crafted the forgotten way.
Hush Puppies, Bata One More reason to relax


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IBP Pure bhi pura bhi
Indal We add value of life
Indian army Do you have it in you(ad-line)
ITC For the shareholder, for the nation
JK Papers ltd. Creating lasting impression
Karnataka One state, many worlds.
Kerala God's own country
Kinley Boond-boond mein vishwas (ad-line)
Lacoste Become what you are
Lee Cooper Original European jeans wear
Liberty We are about people
Longines Elegance is an attitude (catch Phrase)
Lotto Believe In Your Self
Madhya Pradesh The very heart of India
Marico Industries Uncommon sense
Matrix Premium Notebooks Carry your ideas smartly
Max health care Caring for you...for life
Monte Carlo It’s the way you make me feel
OCM suitings The secret of style
Omega The sign of excellence
ONGC Making tomorrow brighter
Orissa The soul of India
Orissa Scenic. Serene. Sublime
Park Avenue Play the lead
Parle The sheer joy of creating original
Peter England More is less
Pfizer Life is our life's work
Platinum Pure. Rare. Eternal
Pondicherry Give time a break
Raymond The complete man since 1925
Reid & Taylor Bond with the best
Reliance Industries Growth is life
Reliance Infocom A new way of life
Rivolta Undress code for men
Royal challenge Game for life
Speed Not just petrol
Tag Heuer What are you made of?(ad-line)
Tamil Nadu A state of mind




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Thailand "Happiness on earth"(tag-line)
Titan watches What’s your style?
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Not just health care….life care
Van Heusen Power evolved / Men Women Accessories
Vegit aaloo mash Ab badal gaya hai aaloo
Wills Made for each other
Wills Classic Discover a passion
Wockhardt Ltd. A picture of health

CEOs/MDs/CFOs
Software Giants

Adobe India CEO Naresh Gupta
Ericsson CEO Carl-Henric Svanberg
Flextronics Software Systems CEO Ash Bharadwaj
HCL Technologies Chairman & CEO Shiv Nadar
HP Chairperson Patricia Dunn
Hughes Network system Chairman & CEO Pradman Kaul
I-Flex Solutions CMD Rajesh Hukku
Infosys Technologies President MD & CEO Nandan M Nilekani
Mphasis CEO & MD Jerry Rao
NIIT Chairman Rajendra Singh Pawar
NIIT CEO Vijay Tandani
Polaris Software lab ltd. Chairman & CEO Arun Jain
Satyam Chairman B Ramalinga Raju
Satyam MD B Rama Raju
Tata Consultancy Services Chairman Ratan Tata
Tata Consultancy Services CEO & MD S Ramadorai
Wipro Technologies CMD Azim Premji


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Pharma Majors

Aventis India MD Alexander de Carvalho
Bayer India ltd. Chairman Vijay Mallya
Biocon CMD Kiran Mazumdar Shaw
Cipla Chairman & MD Dr. Y.K. Hamied
Dabur India ltd. Chairman VC Burman
Dabur India ltd. CEO Sunil Duggal
Dr. Reddy's Lab VC & CEO GV Prasad
Dr. Reddy's Lab. Chairman Dr. K Anjali Reddy
Morphen Lab. Chairman & MD Sushil Suri
Novartis India ltd. Chairman Dr. E Schillinger
Pfizer India MD Kewal Handa
Ranbaxy lab. Chairman Tajendra Khanna
Ranbaxy lab. MD & CEO Malvinder Mohan Singh
Torrent Pharma Chairman Sudhir Mehta
Torrent Pharma MD Samir Mehta
Wockhardt Chairman HF Khorakiwala


Banks

SBI Chairman O P Bhatt
Bank of Baroda CMD A K Khandelval
Bank of India CMD M Balachandran
Canra Bank CMD MBN Rao
HDFC Bank Chairman Jagdish Chopra
HDFC Bank MD Aditya Puri
ICICI Bank Chairman N Vaghul
ICICI Bank MD & CEO KV Kamath
IDBI Bank CMD VP Shetty
Oriental Bank of Commerce CMD K Prithviraj
PNB CMD SC Gupta
Axis bank CMD PJ Nayak


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FMCG

Britannia Industries Non-executive chairman Nusli N Wadia
Britannia Industries CEO Vinita Bali
Cadbury India Chairman C Y Pal
Cadbury India MD Anand Kripalu
Coca Cola India Chief Atul Singh
Colgate Palmolive Chairman Fabian Garcia
Hindustan liver ltd. Non-executive chairman Harish Manwani
Marico Industries CMD Harish C Mariwala
Nestle India CMD Martial G Rolland
Procter & Gamble India Chairman B V Patel
Procter & Gamble India MD S Khosla

Petrochemical Sector

BPCL CMD Ashok Sinha
Castrol India Chairman S M Dutta
Castrol India MD & CEO N K Kshatriya
GAIL CMD Prashanto Banerjee
HPCL CMD M B Lal
IBP Chairman Sarthak Behuria
IBP MD V C Aggarwal
IOC Chairman Sarthak Behuria
ONGC Acting Chairman & MD R S Sharma

Automobile sector

Bajaj Auto Chairman Rahul Bajaj
Fiat Motors CEO Sergio Merchionne
Hero Honda Motors ltd. Chairman Brijmohan Lal Munjal
Hero Honda Motors ltd. MD Pawan Munjal
Hindustan Motors Non Executive Chairman C K Birla
Hindustan Motors MD R Santhanam
Kinetic Engineering ltd. Chairman Arun Firodia
Mahindra & Mahindra Chairman Keshub Mahindra
Mahindra & Mahindra VC & MD Anand G Mahindra
Maruti Udyog ltd. Chairman Shinzo Nakanishi
Maruti Udyog ltd. MD Jagdish Khattar
Tata Motors Chairman Ratan N Tata
TVS Motors CMD Venu Srinivasan


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Miscellaneous

Arcelor Mittal CEO L N Mittal
Associated Cement Company(ACC) Chairman N S Sekhsarai
Associated Cement Company(ACC) MD M L Narula
BHEL CMD A K Puri
Bombay Stock Exchange Chairman Jagadish Capoor
BSNL CMD A K Sinha
Cable News Network (CNN) Ted Turner
DISH TV CEO Arun Kumar Kapoor
European Union Commissioner Peter Mandelson
Federal Reserve Bank of America Chairman Ben Bernanke
Federation of Indian Chamber
of Commerce & Industries (FICCI )
President HF Khorikawala
GSK India MD S Kalyasundaram (KAL)
IDEA Cellular CEO Sanjeev Aga
Indian Hotel Company ltd. MD Raymond Bickson
Institute of Rural Management
Anand (IRMA)
Chairperson Amrita Patel
ITC Chairman Y C Deveshwar
L&T CMD A M Naik
Motorola (India) Chairman Firdose A Vandrevala
MTNL CMD R S P Sinha
NALCO CMD C Venkatraman
NASSCOM Chairperson B Ramalingaraju
Nirma Ltd. Chairman Karsanbhai K Patel
Reliance Industries CMD Mukesh Ambani
Shipping Corporation of India CMD S Hazara
Sony Chairman & CEO Howard Stringer
Steel Authority of India ltd. Chairman S K Roongta
Tisco Chairman Ratan N Tata
Tisco MD B Muthuraman
Trent ltd. Chairman Simone N Tata
TV Today Chairperson & MD Aroon Purie
Unilever Plc CEO Patrick Cescau
Vodafone Plc. CEO Arun Sarin
VSNL Chairman Subodh Bhargava
Wal Mart (world’s largest retail chain) CEO H Lee Scott Junior
ZEE TELEFILMS CMD Subhash Chandra


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FIFA World Cup 2006
Important facts and figures of FIFA 2006

World Cup Winner: Italy
Golden Boot Winner – Miroslav Klose
Golden Ball Winner – Zinedine Zidane
Yashin Award – Gianluigi Buffoon
Best Young Player – Lukas Podolski
FIFA fair play trophy – Brazil & Spain
Most Entertaining Team – Portugal

Miroslav Klose received the Adidas Golden Shoe award for scoring five goals in the World Cup. This
was the lowest number of goals scored by a tournament's top goal scorer since six players tied on four
goals each in 1962. In total, 147 goals were scored (four of which were own goals).
Germany's Miroslav Klose scored 5 goals to claim the Golden Boot, the lowest total to win the prize
since 1962. No other player scored more than three goals. No player from the winning Italian squad
scored more than two goals, though ten different players had scored for them, tying the record for the
most goal scorers from any one team.

Unprecedented number of cards
In comparison to the earlier World Cups, the tournament was notable for the number of yellow and red cards
given out, breaking the record set by the 1998 World Cup. Players received a record-breaking 345 yellow
cards and 28 red cards, with Valentin Ivanov handing out 16 yellow and 4 red cards in the round 16 match
between Portugal and the Netherlands. Portugal had two players suspended for each of the quarter-final and
semi-final matches, respectively. FIFA President Sepp Blatter hinted that he may allow some rule changes
for future tournaments so that earlier accumulated bookings will not force players to miss the final, should
their teams make it that far. The tournament also saw English referee Graham Poll mistakenly hand out three
yellow cards to Croatia's Josip Šimuni in their match against Australia.
The high number of yellow and red cards shown also prompted discussion about the referees. FIFA Officials
and President Sepp Blatter received criticism for allegedly making rules too rigid and taking discretion away
from referees.
Qualification: This was the first World Cup for which the holders were not granted automatic qualification.
Thirteen places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe), five by CAF teams (Africa), four by CONMEBOL
teams (South America), four by AFC teams (Asia), and three by CONCACAF teams (North and Central
America and Caribbean). The remaining two places were decided by playoffs between AFC and
CONCACAF and between CONMEBOL and OFC (Oceania).
Eight nations qualified for the finals for the first time: Angola, Côte d'Ivoire, Czech Republic, Ghana, Togo,
Trinidad and Tobago, Ukraine and Serbia & Montenegro. Czech Republic and Ukraine were making their
first appearance as independent nations, but had previously been represented as part of Czechoslovakia and
the Soviet Union respectively; Serbia & Montenegro had competed as Yugoslavia in 1998, as well as making
up part of Yugoslav teams from 1930 to 1990. For the first time since the 1982 World Cup, all six
confederations were represented at the finals tournament.

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Commonwealth Games
Highlights of CWG 2006:
The games were held in Melbourne, Australia.
1) CGF President, Mike Fennell.
2) All of the 71 competing nations and territories took part in event.
The standing in the medals tally is as follows of Common Wealth Games 2006:
1) Australia
2) England
3) Canada
4) India
5) South Africa.

The host of the 2010 Games, New Delhi, staged a stunning display of Indian culture at the Closing
Ceremony, marking the handover from Melbourne 2006.

Common Wealth Games
Host cities
• 1978 Commonwealth Games - Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
• 1982 Commonwealth Games - Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
• 1986 Commonwealth Games - Edinburgh, Scotland
• 1990 Commonwealth Games - Auckland, New Zealand
• 1994 Commonwealth Games - Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
• 1998 Commonwealth Games - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
• 2002 Commonwealth Games - Manchester, England
• 2006 Commonwealth Games - Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
• 2010 Commonwealth Games - Delhi, India
• 2014 Commonwealth Games - Glasgow, Scotland
• 2018 Commonwealth Games - Host city to be announced in 2011.
Sports currently included
The years, in brackets, show when the sports have appeared at the games.
Aquatics (1930—)
Swimming
Synchronized swimming
Diving
Athletics (men: 1930—, women: 1934—)
Badminton (1966—)
Basketball (2006—)
Boxing (1930—)
Cycling (1934—)
Gymnastics (1978, 1990—) Rhythmic gymnastics (1994–1998, 2006—)
Field hockey (1998—)
Lawn bowls (1930–1962, 1972—)
Netball (1998—)
Rugby sevens (1998—)

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Shooting (1966, 1974—)
Squash (1998—)
Table tennis (2002—)
Triathlon (2002—)
Weightlifting (1950—)
Events for Athletes with a Disability (2002—)
Athletics
Swimming
Table tennis
Powerlifting
Events on hiatus
Archery (1982 probably 2010)
Cricket (1998)
Fencing (1950–1970)
Freestyle wrestling (1930–1986, 1994, 2002,come back in 2010)
Judo (1990, 2002)
Rowing (1930, 1938–1962, 1986) (may be held in 2014 if Glasgow wins nomination)
Ten-pin bowling (1998)
Events which have not yet been held
Karate
Tennis
Snooker
Yachting
Taekwondo
Water Polo
Lifesaving

List of Twenty20 International records

1. The highest innings total is currently held by Sri Lanka which made 260-6 off 20 overs against Kenya
in Johannesburg on September 14, 2007.
2. The first hat trick (and only one to date) was taken by Australian Brett Lee vs Bangladesh in the 17th
over on September 16, 2007. India's Yuvraj Singh matched the feats of Garfield Sobers, Ravi Shastri
and Herschelle Gibbs by hitting 6 sixes in an over on September 19, 2007 - England's Stuart Broad
was the bowler.
3. Highest percentages of matches won – India(87.25%), Pakistan( 77.25%), Sri Lanka (62.5%), South
Africa(60%), New Zealand(50%).

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Highest innings total:
Rank Score Teams Venue Date
1 260-6 (20 overs) Sri Lanka v Kenya Johannesburg 14/09/2007
2 221-5 (20 overs) Australia v England Sydney 09/01/2007
3 218-4 (20 overs) India v England Durban 19/09/2007
Highest match aggregate
Rank Score Teams Venue Date
1 418-10 (40 overs) India (218-4) v England (200-6) Durban 19/09/2007
2 413-8 (37.4 overs) West Indies (205-6) v South Africa (208-2) Johannesburg 11/09/2007
3 401-15 (40 overs) West Indies (208-8) v England (193-7) London 28/06/2007
Lowest innings total
Rank Score Teams Venue Date
1 73 (16.5 overs) Kenya v New Zealand Durban 13/09/2007
2 79 (14.3 overs) Australia v England Southampton 13/06/2005
3 83 (15.5 overs) Bangladesh v Sri Lanka Johannesburg 18/09/2007
Highest individual records
Rank Runs Player Opposition Venue Date
1 117 Chris Gayle(West Indies) South Africa Johannesburg 11/09/2007
2 98 Ricky Ponting (Australia) New Zealand Auckland 17/02/2005
3 96 Damien Martyn (Australia) South Africa Brisbane 09/01/2006
4 90 Herschelle Gibbs(S. Africa) West Indies Johannesburg 11/09/2007
5 89 Graeme Smith (S. Africa) Australia Johannesburg 24/02/2007
5 89 Justin Kemp (S. Africa) New Zealand Durban 19/09/2007
Fastest 50s
Rank Balls Player Venue Date
1 12 Yuvraj Singh (India) Durban 19/09/2007
2 20 Yuvraj Singh (India) Durban 22/09/2007
2 20 Mohammad Ashraful (Bangladesh) Johannesburg 13/09/2007
4 21 Mahela Jayawardene (Sri Lanka) Johannesburg 14/09/2007
5 23 Sanath Jayasuriya (Sri Lanka) Wellington 22/12/2006


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Highest strike rates
Rank Player Nationality Score
1 Marlon Samuels West Indian 196.87
2 Mohammad Ashraful Bangladeshi 180.55
3 Yuvraj Singh Indian 177.22
Most career sixes
Rank Player Nationality Sixes
1 Yuvraj Singh Indian 15
2 Craig McMillan New Zealander 14
3= Matthew Hayden Australian 13
Most career wickets
Rank Wickets Matches Player
1 14 10 Shahid Afridi (Pakistan)
2= 13 8 Umar Gul (Pakistan)
2= 13 7 Stuart Clark (Australia)
Record wicket partnerships
Partnership Runs Players Opposition Venue
1st wicket 145 Chris Gayle & Dwayne Smith (West Indies) South Africa Johannesburg
2nd wicket 111 Graeme Smith & Herschelle Gibbs (S. Africa) Australia Johannesburg
3rd wicket 120* Herschelle Gibbs & Justin Kemp (S. Africa) West Indies Johannesburg
Highest partnerships
Rank Runs Players Opposition Venue
1 145 (1st wicket) Chris Gayle & Devon Smith (West Indies) South Africa Johannesburg
2 136 (1st wicket) Gautam Gambhir & Virender Sehwag (India) England Durban
3 132* (1st wicket) Loots Bosman & Graeme Smith (S. Africa) Pakistan Johannesburg


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Olympics

The International Olympic Committee was founded on 23rd June, 1894 by the French educator Baron Pierre
de Coubertin. The IOC President is elected by the IOC members by secret ballot for an initial term of eight
years, renewable once for four additional years. The President presides over all activities of the IOC, acting
as its permanent representative. The current President, since 16 July 2001, is Jacques Rogge of Belgium.

On 13
th
July, 2001, at the 112th IOC Session in Moscow, Beijing was elected the Host City for the Games of
the XXIX Olympiad in 2008. The city of Vancouver was elected Host City of the XXI Olympic Winter
Games in 2010 at the 115th IOC Session in Prague. Beijing will welcome the world in August 2008.In 2012,
London will stage Games that will inspire a generation. The IOC members, representing most of the member
countries, vote to decide where the Games will take place. Members from countries which have cities
bidding to host the games are excluded from the voting process, up until the point where their city drops out
of the contest. Sochi, Russia, was elected as the host city of the 2014 Winter Olympics on July 4, 2007
during the 119th International Olympic Committee (IOC) Session in Guatemala City, Guatemala. The next
host city for the 2016 Summer Games will be announced at the 121st Session (which will also be the XIII
Olympic Congress) held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 2, 2009.

Honours: In addition to the Olympic medals for competitors, the IOC awards a number of other honours:
The Pierre de Coubertin medal is awarded to athletes who demonstrate a special spirit of
sportsmanship in Olympic events.
The Olympic Cup is awarded to institutions or associations with a record of merit and integrity in
actively developing the Olympic Movement.
The Olympic Order is awarded to individuals for particularly distinguished contributions to the
Olympic Movement, and superseded the Olympic Certificate.

Formula 1
Championship Table for 2007:
Rank Drivers’ statistics Team statistics
1 Kimi Raikonnen Ferrari 110 points Ferrari 204 points
2 Lewis Hamilton McLaren Mercedes 109 points BMW Sauber 101points
3 Fenando Alonso McLaren Mercedes 109 points Renault 51 points
4 Felipe Massa Ferrari -94 points Williams Toyota 33 points
5 Nick Hiedfield BMW Sauber – 61 points Red Bull Renault 24 points
6 Robert Kubica BMW Sauber – 39 points Toyota 13 points
7 Heikki Kovalainen Renault – 30 points
8 Giancarlo Fisichella Renault – 21 points
A few facts
On 29th August 2006, the FIA published a provisional calendar for the 2007 Formula One season. The
San Marino and European Grands Prix were excluded, although the European round would later make
a comeback (see below). The final calendar (above), which confirmed that the San Marino Grand Prix
would not return, was released on October 18, 2006.
For the first time in nearly half a century, there will not be a German Grand Prix in 2007 after the 2
Grands Prix previously held in Germany begin to alternate between Hockenheim and Nürburgring.

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Hockenheim controls the descriptor "German Grand Prix" and an agreement could not be reached
between the two circuits for the naming rights. The Nürburgring event will therefore retain its usual
Grand Prix of Europe title.
It had been suggested that the Italian Grand Prix might do the same, swapping between Monza and
Imola, but this now appears to have been rejected with the possibility that Imola could again host the
San Marino Grand Prix in 2008.
After twenty years, the Japanese Grand Prix will move from the Honda-owned Suzuka Circuit to
Toyota's rebuilt Fuji Speedway, a circuit that F1 has not raced at since 1977.
For the first time since 1975, all races are held in different countries (only one race for any one nation.

United Nations Organisation (UNO)
Secretary General: Ban Ki Moon (From January 1, 2007)

The name "United Nations", coined by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was first used in the
"Declaration by United Nations" of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of
26 nations pledged their governments to continue fighting together against the Axis Powers.

The forerunner of the United Nations was the League of Nations, an organization conceived in similar
circumstances during the First World War, and established in 1919 under the Treaty of Versailles "to
promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security."

The International Labour Organization was also created under the Treaty of Versailles as an affiliated agency
of the League. The League of Nations ceased its activities after failing to prevent the Second World War.

In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on
International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. Those delegates deliberated on the basis
of proposals worked out by the representatives of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the
United States at Dumbarton Oaks, United States, in August-October 1944. The Charter was signed on 26
June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries. Poland, which was not represented at the Conference,
signed it later and became one of the original 51 member states.

The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by
China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and a majority of other signatories.
United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October each year.

MAIN BODIES OF UNO
General Assembly
The main committees are ordinally numbered, 1-6:
• The First Committee: Disarmament and International Security (DISEC)
• The Second Committee: Economic and Financial (ECOFIN)
• The Third Committee: Social, Humanitarian and Cultural (SOCHUM)
• The Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonization (SPECPOL)
• The Fifth Committee: Administrative and Budgetary
• The Sixth Committee: Legal

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Other committees:
• Credentials Committee – This committee is charged with ensuring that the diplomatic credentials of all
UN representatives are in order. The Credentials Committee consists of nine Member States elected
early in each regular General Assembly session.
• General Committee – This is supervisory committee entrusted with ensuring that the whole meeting of
the Assembly goes smoothly. The General Committee consists of the president and vice presidents of
the current General Assembly session and the chairman of each of the six Main Committees.
Commissions:
There are seven commissions:
Disarmament Commission, established by GA Resolution 502 (VI) and S-10/2
International Civil Service Commission, established by GA Resolution 3357 (XXIX)
International Law Commission, established by GA Resolution 174 (II)
United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), established by GA Resolution
2205 (XXI)
United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine, established by GA Resolution 194 (III)
United Nations Peacebuilding Commission, established by GA Resolution 60/180 and UN Security
Council Resolutions 1645(2005) and 1646(2005)]
Despite its name, the former United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) was actually a
subsidiary body of ECOSOC.
Security Council
Membership in 2006
The Council is composed of five permanent members — China, France, Russian Federation, the United
Kingdom and the United States — and ten non-permanent members (with year of term's end):

Argentina (2006) Greece (2006) Qatar (2007)
Congo (Republic of the) (2007) Japan (2006) Slovakia (2007)
Denmark (2006) Peru (2007) United Republic of Tanzania (2006)
Ghana (2007)


Non-permanent members of the Security Council elected for a two-year term of office beginning on 1
January 2007: Belgium, Indonesia, Italy, Panama and South Africa.
Peacebuilding Commission
Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee
1540 Committee (non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction)
The UN's role in international collective security is defined by the UN Charter, which gives the Security
Council the power to:
Investigate any situation threatening international peace;
Recommend procedures for peaceful resolution of a dispute;
Call upon other member nations to completely or partially interrupt economic relations as well as sea,
air, postal, and radio communications, or to sever diplomatic relations; and
Enforce its decisions militarily, if necessary.

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Economic and Social Council
Regional Commissions
Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)
Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
The Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each other,
inter alia through the coordinating machinery of the Economic and Social Council.
ILO - International Labour Organization,
FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization
UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
WHO - World Health Organization
World Bank Group
IBRD - International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
IDA - International Development Association
IFC - International Finance Corporation
MIGA - Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
ICSID - International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
IMF - International Monetary Fund
ICAO - International Civil Aviation Organization
IMO - International Maritime Organization
ITU - International Telecommunication Union
UPU - Universal Postal Union
WMO - World Meteorological Organization
WIPO - World Intellectual Property Organization
IFAD - International Fund for Agricultural Development
UNICEF - United Nations Children Fund
UNIDO - United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UNDP - United Nations Development Programme
IRO - International Refugee Organization(ceased to exist in 1952)
INCB - International Narcotics Control Board

Trusteeship Council
Present status:
Its mission fulfilled, the Trusteeship Council suspended its operation on 1 November 1994, and although
under the United Nations Charter it continues to exist on paper, its future role and even existence remains
uncertain. The Trusteeship Council is currently (as of 2005) headed by Michel Duclos, with Adam Thomson
as vice-president, although the sole current duty of these officers is to meet with the heads of other UN
agencies on occasion. Initially they met annually, but according to a UN press release from their session in
2004:
Future prospects:
The formal elimination of the Trusteeship Council would require the revision of the UN Charter.
The Commission on Global Governance's 1996 report Our Global Neighborhood recommended amending
Chapters 12 and 13 of the United Nations Charter to give the Trusteeship Council authority over the global

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commons, which consists of oceans, the atmosphere, outer space, and Antarctica
[2]
. The World Federalist
Association issued an action alert calling for members to lobby the Government in support of this reform.
Their theory is that an international regulatory body is needed to protect environmental integrity on the two-
thirds of the world’s surface that is outside national jurisdictions
[3]
.
In March 2005, however, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan proposed a sweeping reform of the United
Nations, including an expansion of the Security Council. As this restructuring would involve
significant changes to the UN charter, Annan proposed the complete elimination of the Trusteeship
Council as part of these reforms Secretariat The United Nations Secretariat is one of the principal
organs of the United Nations and it is headed by the United Nations Secretary-General, assisted by a staff of
international civil servants worldwide. It provides studies, information, and facilities needed by United
Nations bodies for their meetings. It also carries out tasks as directed by the UN Security Council, the UN
General Assembly, the UN Economic and Social Council, and other U.N. bodies. The United Nations
Charter provides that the staff be chosen by application of the "highest standards of efficiency, competence,
and integrity," with due regard for the importance of recruiting on a wide geographical basis.
The Charter provides that the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any authority other than the
UN. Each UN member country is enjoined to respect the international character of the Secretariat and not
seek to influence its staff. The Secretary-General alone is responsible for staff selection.
The Secretary-General's duties include helping resolve international disputes, administering peacekeeping
operations, organizing international conferences, gathering information on the implementation of Security
Council decisions, and consulting with member governments regarding various initiatives. Key Secretariat
offices in this area include the Office of the Coordinator of Humanitarian Affairs and the Department of
Peacekeeping Operations. The Secretary-General may bring to the attention of the Security Council any
matter that, in his or her opinion, may threaten international peace and security

International Court of Justice
President: Lady Higgins DBE
Vice-President: Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh
Established in 1945 by the UN Charter, the Court began work in 1946 as the successor to the Permanent
Court of International Justice. The Statute of the International Court of Justice, similar to that of its
predecessor, is the main constitutional document constituting and regulating the Court.
[1]
The ICJ should not
be confused with the International Criminal Court or a court exercising jurisdiction under Belgium's War
Crimes Law, both of which also potentially have "global" jurisdiction.
English and French are its two official languages.
The Court's workload is characterized by a wide range of judicial activity. Its main functions are to settle
legal disputes submitted to it by member states and to give advisory opinions on legal questions submitted to
it by duly authorized international organs, agencies and the UN General Assembly. The ICJ has dealt with
relatively few cases in its history, but there has clearly been an increased willingness to use the Court since
the 1980s, especially among developing countries. The United States withdrew from compulsory jurisdiction
in 1986, and so accepts the court's jurisdiction only on a case-to-case basis. Chapter XIV of the United
Nations Charter authorizes the UN Security Council to enforce World Court rulings, but this is subject to the
veto of the Permanent Five. Presently there are twelve cases on the World Court's docket.

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The World Trade Organization (WTO)

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an international, multilateral organization, which sets the rules for
the global trading system and resolves disputes between its member states; all of whom are signatories to its
approximately 30 agreements.
WTO headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland. Pascal Lamy is the current Director-General.
As of November 7, 2006, there are 150 members in the organization with Vietnam being the latest to join.

Structure
Highest level: Ministerial Conference
The topmost decision-making body of the WTO is the Ministerial Conference, which has to meet at least
every two years. It brings together all members of the WTO, all of which are countries or customs unions.
The Ministerial Conference can make decisions on all matters under any of the multilateral trade agreements.
Second level: General Council
The daily work of the ministerial conference is handled by three groups: the General Council, the Dispute
Settlement Body, and the Trade Policy Review Body. All three consist of the same membership -
representatives of all WTO member states - but each meets under different rules.
1. The General Council is the WTO’s highest-level decision-making body in Geneva, meeting regularly
to carry out the functions of the WTO. It has representatives (usually ambassadors or equivalent) from
all member governments and has the authority to act on behalf of the ministerial conference which
only meets about every two years. The council acts on behalf on the Ministerial Council on all the
WTO affairs. The current chairman is Amb. Eirik Glenne (Norway).
2. The Dispute Settlement Body is made up of all member governments, usually represented by
ambassadors or equivalent. The current chairperson is H.E. Mr. Muhammad Noor Yacob (Malaysia).
3. The Trade Policy Review Body (TPRB) - the WTO General Council meets as the Trade Policy
Review Body to undertake trade policy reviews of Members under the TRPM. The TPRB is thus open
to all WTO Members. The current chairperson is H.E. Ms. Claudia Uribe (Colombia).

Third level: Councils for Trade
The Councils for Trade work under the General Council. There are three councils - Council for Trade in
Goods, Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, and Council for Trade in Services
- each council works in different fields. Apart from these three councils, six other bodies report to the
General Council reporting on issues such as trade and development, the environment, regional trading
arrangements and administrative issues.
1. Council for Trade in Goods- The workings of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
which covers international trade in goods, are the responsibility of the Council for Trade in Goods. It
is made up of representatives from all WTO member countries. The current chairperson is Amb.
Yonov Frederick Agah (Nigeria).
2. Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights- Information on intellectual
property in the WTO, news and official records of the activities of the TRIPS Council, and details of
the WTO’s work with other international organizations in the field.
3. Council for Trade in Services- The Council for Trade in Services operates under the guidance of the
General Council and is responsible for overseeing the functioning of the General Agreement on Trade
in Services (GATS). It is open to all WTO members, and can create subsidiary bodies as required.

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Fourth level: Subsidiary Bodies
There are subsidiary bodies under each of the three councils.
1. The Goods Council- subsidiary under the Council for Trade in Goods. It has 11 committees
consisting of all member countries, dealing with specific subjects such as agriculture, market access,
subsidies, anti-dumping measures and so on. The Committees include the following:
• Information Technology Agreement (ITA) Committee
• State Trading Enterprises
• Textiles Monitoring Body - Consists of a chairman and 10 members acting under it.
• Groups dealing with notifications - process by which governments inform the WTO about new
policies and measures in their countries.
2. The Services Council- subsidiary under the Council for Trade in Services which deals with financial
services, domestic regulations and other specific commitments.
3. Dispute Settlement panels and Appellate Body- subsidiary under the Dispute Settlement Body to
resolve disputes and the Appellate Body to deal with appeals.

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

Secretary General – Lyonpo Chenkyab Dorji
Recent Summit - 14
th
summit in New Delhi from April 3-4, 2007

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established when its Charter was
formally adopted on December 8, 1985 by the Heads of State or Government of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India,
Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

SAARC provides a platform for the peoples of South Asia to work together in a spirit of friendship, trust and
understanding. It aims to accelerate the process of economic and social development in Member States.

Fifth SAARC Conference on Cooperation in Police Matters was held on 9 May 2006 in Dhaka, Bangladesh
First Meeting of SAARC Home / Interior Ministers was held on 11 May 2006 in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

The SAARC Secretariat was established in Kathmandu on 16 January 1987. Its role is to coordinate and
monitor the implementation of SAARC activities, service the meetings of the Association and serve as the
channel of communication between SAARC and other international organisations. The Secretariat has also
been increasingly utilized as the venue for SAARC meetings.

The Secretariat comprises the Secretary General, seven Directors and the General Services Staff. The details
of its officials and working divisions responsible for areas of work can be viewed under respective links.

The SAARC Secretariat is supported by Regional Centres established in Member Countries to promote
regional cooperation. These Centres are managed by Governing Boards comprising representatives from
Member States, SAARC Secretary-General and the Ministry of Foreign/External Affairs of the host
government. The Director of the Centre acts as Member Secretary to the Governing Board which reports to
the Standing Committee.


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Established Centres

1. SAARC Agricultural Information Centre (SAIC), Dhaka
2. SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC), Dhaka
3. SAARC Tuberculosis Centre (STC), Kathmandu
4. SAARC Documentation Centre (SDC), New Delhi
5. SAARC Human Resources Development Centre (SHRDC), Islamabad
6. SAARC Coastal Zone Management Centre, Maldives
7. SAARC Information Centre, Nepal
8. SAARC Energy Centre, Pakistan

Centres Being Established
The following three Regional Centres are in the process of being established.

9. SAARC Cultural Centre, Sri Lanka
10. SAARC Forestry Centre, Bhutan
11. SAARC Centre for Disaster Management and Preparedness, India

Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

Establishment:
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations or ASEAN was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok by
the five original Member Countries, namely, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.
Brunei Darussalam joined on 8 January 1984, Vietnam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July
1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999.

Objectives:
The ASEAN Declaration states that the aims and purposes of the Association are: (1) to accelerate economic
growth, social progress and cultural development in the region and (2) to promote regional peace and
stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries in the
region and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter.

The ASEAN Vision 2020, adopted by the ASEAN Leaders on the 30th Anniversary of ASEAN, agreed on a
shared vision of ASEAN as a concert of Southeast Asian nations, outward looking, living in peace, stability
and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and in a community of caring
societies.

In 2003, the ASEAN Leaders resolved that an ASEAN Community shall be established comprising three
pillars, namely, ASEAN Security Community, ASEAN Economic Community and ASEAN Socio-Cultural
Community.


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Fundamental Principles:
ASEAN Member Countries have adopted the following fundamental principles in their relations with one
another, as contained in the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC):
• mutual respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity, and national identity of
all nations;
• the right of every State to lead its national existence free from external interference, subversion or
coercion;
• non-interference in the internal affairs of one another;
• settlement of differences or disputes by peaceful manner;
• renunciation of the threat or use of force;
• effective cooperation among themselves.

ASEAN Security Community:
Through political dialogue and confidence building, no tension has escalated into armed confrontation
among ASEAN Member Countries since its establishment more than three decades ago.

To build on what has been constructed over the years in the field of political and security cooperation, the
ASEAN Leaders have agreed to establish the ASEAN Security Community (ASC). The ASC shall aim to
ensure that countries in the region live at peace with one another and with the world in a just, democratic and
harmonious environment.

ASEAN Economic Community:
The ASEAN Economic Community shall be the end-goal of economic integration measures as outlined in
the ASEAN Vision 2020. Its goal is to create a stable, prosperous and highly competitive ASEAN economic
region in which there is a free flow of goods, services, investment and a freer flow of capital, equitable
economic development and reduced poverty and socio-economic disparities in year 2020.

The ASEAN Economic Community shall establish ASEAN as a single market and production base, turning
the diversity that characterizes the region into opportunities for business complementation and making the
ASEAN a more dynamic and stronger segment of the global supply chain.

ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community:
The ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community, in consonance with the goal set by ASEAN Vision 2020, envisages
a South East Asia bonded together in partnership as a community of caring societies and founded on a
common regional identity.

The Community shall foster cooperation in social development aimed at raising the standard of living of
disadvantaged groups and the rural population, and shall seek the active involvement of all sectors of society,
in particular women, youth, and local communities.
Member Countries
Brunei Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia
Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam


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ASEAN Free Trade area
The ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) is an agreement by the member nations of ASEAN concerning local
manufacturing in all ASEAN countries. The AFTA agreement was signed on January 28, 1992 in Singapore.
When the AFTA agreement was originally signed, ASEAN had six members, namely, Brunei, Indonesia,
Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Vietnam joined in 1995, Laos and Myanmar in 1997, and
Cambodia in 1999. The latecomers have not fully met the AFTA's obligations, but they are officially
considered part of the AFTA as they were required to sign the agreement upon entry into ASEAN, and were
given longer time frames in which to meet AFTA's tariff reduction obligations.

Open sky
The ASEAN Open Sky policy aims to liberalize air travel between member cities. The agreement was
proposed by the ASEAN Air Transport Working Group and endorsed by the ASEAN Transport Ministers
during the a meeting in Myanmar in October 2003. The agreement will be implemented beginning January 1,
2009, with the air routes between capital cities of member countries to be liberalised within that year, and
would then expand to cover other cities by 2015. Singapore and Malaysia are in separate talks to open the
Singapore/Kuala Lumpur route before 2009

Cultural activites
SEA write award
The S.E.A. Write Award is a literary award given to Southeast Asian poets and writers annually since 1979.
The award is either given for a specific work or as recognition of an author's lifetime achievement. Works
that are honored vary and have included poetry, short stories, novels, plays, folklore as well as scholarly and
religious works. Ceremonies are held in Bangkok and are presided by a member of the Thai royal family.

ASAIHL
ASAIHL or the Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning is a non-governmental
organization founded in 1956 that strives to strengthen higher learning institutions, espescially in teaching,
research, and public service, with the intention of cultivating a sense of regional identity and
interdependence.

ASEAN heritage parks
ASEAN Heritage Parks is a list of nature parks launched 1984 and relaunched in 2004. It aims to protect the
region's natural treasures. There are now 35 such protected areas

G – 8 Summit

With no headquarters budget or permanent staff, the Group of Eight is an informal but exclusive body whose
members set out to tackle global challenges through discussions and action.

Leaders of G-8 countries aim to:-
1. Boost cooperation over trade and finance.
2. Strengthen the global economy.
3. Promote peace and Democracy
4. Prevent and resolve conflicts.

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Members of G – 8 group:
1. Canada 2. France 3. Japan 4. Germany
5. Italy 6. Russia 7. UK 8. USA

• Members of the G-8 countries contribute 65% of the world economy.
• For the year 2006 Presidency of G-8 was held by Russia.
• Annual summit of G-8 gives direction to the international community by setting priorities, defining
new issues and providing guidance to the established international organizations.
• Annual summit of G-8 leaders in 2006 was held in St. Petersburg.
• Main issues discussed in this year’s summit:
(A) Energy Security
(B) Securing chemical, biological and nuclear weapon materials.
(C) Infectious diseases and education
(E) Terrorism
Discussions about the nuclear powers, specially the nuclear activities of North Korea and Iran, also
took place.
• This year there was a short meeting of “G8+5” meeting for the finance ministers of full G-8, as well as
the People of Republic of China, India, Mexico, Brazil and South Africa.
• Annual summit of G-8 leaders in 2007 will take place in Germany. Presided over by Angela Merkel.
* Location of 2007 meeting is at Heiligendamm Mecklenburg Vorpommern[period of conference] 6
th
to
8
th
June 2007. Also it is the 33
rd
summit of G8 countries.
* European Union is not a member of G-8. EU is a unique super national organisation, not a sovereign
member state, for the same reason EU does not assume the rotating G-8 presidency

Heads of international organisation and also representatives of G-8 countries, G-8+5 particpants in the
recent summit
G-8
Canada – Prime Minister –Stephen Harper
France – President – Nicolas Sarkozy
Germany – Chancellor – Angela Merkel
Italy – Prime Minister – Romano Prodi
Japan – Prime Minister – Shinzo Abe
Russia – President – Vladimir Putin
UK – Prime Minister – Tony Blair
US – President – George Bush
G-8+5
Brazil – President – Luiz InacioLula da silva
India – Prime Minister - Manmohan Singh
Mexico – President – Felipe Calderon
People’s Repulic of China – Prime Minister - Hu Jintao
South Africa – President - Thabo Meiki

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Heads of International Organizations
African Union - Chairman John Kufuor
Commonwealth of Independent States - Council of the Heads of State President Nursultan Nazarbayev
European Union (a)European Commission President José Manuel Barroso (b) European Council
President Frank-Walter Steinmeier
International Atomic Energy Agency - Director-General Mohamed ElBaradei
International Energy Agency - Executive Director Claude Mandil
United Nations - Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
UNESCO - Director-General Koichiro Matsuura
World Bank - President Paul Wolfowitz
World Health Organization - Director-General Margaret Chan
World Trade Organization - Director-General Pascal Lamy

Future summits are predicted to be organized in the following countries:
34
th
– 2008 – Japan – at Toyako Hokkaido
35
th
– 2009 – Ialy – at La Maddelna
36
th
– 2010 - Canada
37
th
– 2011 – France

38
th
– 2012 - US
39
th
– 2013 – UK
40
th
– 2014 – Russia

Academy Awards

1. Academy awards a. k. a Oscar awards are given by The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and
Science, based in Beverly Hills California and founded in 1927.
2. First Academy awards were presented in May 1929.
3. Ben Hur, Titanic and The Lords of the Rings have won the maximum number of Oscars- 11 each.
4. All about Eve and Titanic have the highest Oscar nominations for a film - 14.
5. Katharine Hepburn has won the maximum number of Oscars for best actress- 4 times.
6. John Ford holds the record for the most Best Director awards - 4 times.
7. Only one Oscar-winning individual has also been a Nobel Laureate- George Bernard Shaw. He
achieved this distinction in 1938 whereas he had won Nobel price for literature in 1925.
8 The youngest actor to win an Academy award for Best actor– Adriane Brody in the movie The Pianist
in the year 2002.
9. Walt Disney won the most number of Oscars-4-at a single ceremony in 1953.
10. The first person to win the Oscar for Best Actor – Emil Jennings
The first person to win the Oscar for Best Actress – Janet Gaynor.
11. The only Indians who have won Oscars
A. Bhanu Athaiya – 1982 , for Gandhi, Best Costume Design
B. Satyajit Ray – 1992, Academy Honorary Award.

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Academy Awards 2006
• Best Picture – Crash
• Best Director – Ang Lee for Brokeback Mountain
Ang Lee has also directed Hulk, Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon
• Best Leading Actor – Philip Seymour Hoffman for Capote
He has also acted in films MI- III, Red Dragon, 25
th
Hour.
• Best Leading Actress – Reese Witherspoon for Walk the Line.
She also won the Bafta awards for the Best actress in leading role for her Role in Walk the Line.
She has also acted in Vanity Fair, Legally Blonde 2, Election.
• Best Actor in a Supporting Role – George Clooney for Syriana
He also acted in Ocean’s Thirteen, Ocean’s Twelve, Ocean’s Eleven, Solaris
• Best Actress in a Supporting Role – Rachel Weisz
• Best Foreign Language Film – Tsotsi, of South Africa.

Academy Awards 2007
• Best Picture – The Departed- Graham King(Producer)
• Best Director – Martin Scorsese(The Departed)
He is also the founder of the World Cinema Foundation and a recipient of the AFI Life Achievement
Award for his contributions to the cinema and has won awards from the Golden Globe, BAFTA, and
Directors Guild of America. Scorsese is the president of the Film Foundation, a non-profit
organization dedicated to film preservation and the prevention of the decaying of motion picture film
stock.
• Best Leading Actor – Forest Whittaker (The Last King of Scotland)
• Best Leading Actress – Helen Mirren (The Queen)
• Best Actor in a supporting Role – Alan Arkin (Little Miss Sunshine)
• Best Actress in a supporting Role – Jennifer Hudson (Dream girls)
• Best Foreign Language Film – The Lives of Others(Germany)
It was also nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the 64th Golden Globe Awards.

Miss World
• Eric Morley is the founder of Miss World.
• In 1951 First Miss World Competition was organised.
• Kiki Haakonson of Sweden was the first Miss World.
• The theme of Miss World Competition is “Beauty with a Purpose".
• Julia Morley is the chairman of Miss World Organisation and Chairman of the Judges.
• India has been taking part in the Miss World Competition since 1959.
• First Indian to participate in Miss World was Fleur Ezekiel.
• First Indian to win the Miss World title was Reita Faria.
• In 2000 Aishwarya Rai was named the Most Beautiful Miss World of All times.
• Indian beauties who have won this prestigious title
Reita Faria – 1966 Aishwarya Rai – 1994 Diana Hayden – 1997
Yukta Mukhi- 1999 Priyanka Chopra – 2000



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Miss World 2006
Winner of Miss World 2006 is Tatiana Kucharova of Czech Republic.
• Ioana Valentina Boitor of Romania is the first runner up and Sabrina Houssami of Australia is the
second Runner Up.
• 104 contestants participated in Miss World 2006
• Karan Johar of India was in the panel of Judges.
• Natasha Suri of India was 2nd runner up in Miss World 2006 Beach beauty contest.

Miss World 2007:
Venue : Crown of Beauy theatre, Sanya, People’s Republic of China
Host: Angela Chow & Fernando Allende
Winner : (Dominican republic ) Ada Aimée de la Cruz
1st Runner up : (Jamaica) Yendi Phillips
2
nd
Runner up: (China P R of ) Eilin Zi Lin Zhang

Miss Universe

• Miss Universe Organisation is a New York based partnership between NBC and Donald Trump.
• Current president of Miss Universe Organisation is Paula Shugart.
• Miss Universe title is sometimes referred to as World Cup of Beauty.
• Miss Universe was organized first time in History in the year 1952 at Long Beach of USA.
• First Miss Universe – Armi Kussela of Finland
• The USA has won most number of Miss Universe titles from the beginning to the year 2006, (6 times).
• The first Indian who participated in Miss Universe – Indrani Rahman
• In the year 1988, no Indian beauty participated in Miss Universe contest.
• Indian Beauties who have won Miss Universe Title
1. Sushmita Sen – 1994, Manila, Philippines
2. Lara Dutta – 2000, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Miss Universe 2006
Venue: - Los Angeles, California.
Host: - Carlos Ponce and Nancy O’Dell
Winner: - Zuleyka Jerris Rivera Mendoza, Puerto Rico.
1st Runner up: - Kurara Chibana, Japan
2nd Runner up: - Lauriane Gillieron, Switezerland
Indian beauty who participated in Miss Universe 2006 – Neha Kapur

Miss Universe 2007 [ the 56th Miss Universe pageant ]
Venue: - Auditorio Nacional, Mexico city, Mexico
Host: - Mario Lopez & Vanessa Minillo
Winner: - Rio Mori(Japan)
1st Runner up: - Natália Guimarães (Brazil)
2nd Runner up: - Ly Jonaitis (Venezuela)

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Notes:
For the first time since its inception, no Best National Costume Award was awarded.
Tanzania attended the Miss Universe pageant for the first time.
Following Montenegrin independence in 2006, Serbia and Montenegro competed separately in Miss
Universe for the first time.
National Costume controversy
In April 2007, controversy erupted over the proposed national costume of Rosa María Ojeda, Miss Mexico.
The skirt of the costume depicted scenes from the Cristero War, a Roman Catholic rebellion in the 1920s in
which thousands of people were killed, including hangings. The outfit included a bullet-studded belt and
crucifix necklace. The design was chosen from over thirty others and had been intended to show Mexico's
culture and history, but it elicited controversy amid claims it was in poor taste and inappropriate. Pageant
owners said that the costume would be redesigned to include image of the Virgin of Guadalupe.

ET Awards 2007

Lifetime achievement –Mr. Narayan Murthy, Chairman of the Board and Chief Mentor of Infosys
Technologies Limited
Global Indian - Mr. Rajat Gupta, Senior Partner Worldwide McKinsey & Company United States of
America
Business Leader of the Year – Mr. K V Kamath, Managing Director and CEO, ICICI Bank Limited
Entrepreneur of the year – Mr. G M Rao, CMD, GMR Infrastructure Ltd
Company of the year - Bharati Airtel
Emerging Company of the year – Glenmark Pharma
Business Women of the year –: Ms. Shobhana Bhartia, Vice-Chairperson and Editorial Director of HT
Media Ltd
Corporate Citizen of the year - Sankara Nethralaya
Business Reformer of the Year - Mr. Praful Patel Vice President, South Asia Region, World Bank
Policy Change Agent of the year - M Damodaran

Nobel Prizes 2007

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2007
Mario R. Capecchi (USA),
S Martin J. Evans (UK),
Oliver Smithies (USA)
"For their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of
embryonic stem cells"
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2007
Albert Fert (France), Peter Grünberg (Germany)
"For the discovery of Giant Magnetoresistance"
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2007
Gerhard Ertl (Germany)
"For his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces"


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The Nobel Prize in Literature 2007
Doris Lessing (UK)
"That epicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire and visionary power has subjected a divided
civilisation to scrutiny"

The Nobel Peace Prize 2007

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (Geneva),
Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr. (USA)
"For their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change and to lay
the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change".

Actual GK questions asked in SNAP-2006

1. Who is the highest paid sportsman?
Tiger Woods

2. What is inflation?
A sustained increase in general price levels over a period of time.

3. What is Overhead cost?
Indirect costs incurred in running a business which are not directly linked to production.

4. What is Bill of lading?
The contract between the shipper and the vessel.

5. What is Subhash Chandra Bose's (INA) lady wing called?
Rani of Jhansi Regiment

6. Indra Nooyi's designation in PepsiCo?
CEO

7. Who got the Khel Ratna Award in 2006?
Pankaj Advani

8. Who was the consultant in the merger of Air India - Indian Airlines?
Accenture

9. What happens when the door of a Refrigerator is kept open?
Room temperature goes up

10. Retail segment's new player?
TATA

11. The tax collected for trade between states is called
Central sales tax

12. What is Indian Post’s new venture?
Bank

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13. Yasuo Fukuda : Shinz Abe (Present : Past PM of Japan)
Manmohan : Atal(Present : Past PM of India)

14. Fair & Lovely belongs to which brand?
HLL

15. Who is UN's Goodwill ambassador?
Angelina Jolie

16. Osamu Suzuki is related to?
Jagdish Khattar (Chairman and MD of Maruti Udyog respectively)

17. McDonald's operates in the West Zone in India with a joint venture with?
Hardcastle Restaurants Pvt. Ltd.

18. Among the following, which country is the UN General Secretary contender from?
Japan

19. Tata acquisition
Tetley and Tyco

20. The first Indian bank to begin full-fledged operations in China SBI Branch
Shanghai

21. The ambassador of Titan Raga
Rani Mukherjee

22. What is Thalassemia?
A genetic disorder

23. Who are the GDP growth contributors?
Financial and Personal Services

24. Who are the founders of Apple?
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak

25. What is Wikipedia?
An Online encyclopaedia

26. What are the functions of the Grameen Bank?
Giving loans to poor women with collateral security

27. A modification of the Julian calendar was decreed by
Pope Gregory XIII

28. Who gives the Oscar awards?
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

29. What is the name of the Stock Exchange of Germany?
DAX

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30. Why is the RED SEA red?
Located between the East African coast and the Saudi Arabian peninsula, the Red Sea Trichodesmium
erythraeum got its name because of a type of algae called which is found in the sea. When these
blooms of algae die off, they appear to turn the blue-green color of the ocean to a reddish-brown.

31. Antartica belongs to
No one

32. Incorrect about Delhi - all vehicles will shortly run on pure hydrogen
The reason is that the vehicles to be run on only hydrogen are Hybrid vehicles and are very costly and
the technology is still in the nascent stage.

33. What is McCann-Erickson?
It is an Advertising Agency.

34. Saddam Hussein was sentenced by
The Iraqi High Tribunal

35. What is the meaning of NIKE?
Goddess of victory