Digital Integrated Circuits Lab

LG-01

Digital Integrated Circuits
Lab Manual

Prepared By
A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,
Senior Lecturer Electrical and Electronics Engineering, St.Xavier’s Catholic College of Engineering, Kanyakumari District, Pin Code 629807.

Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Digital Integrated Circuits Lab

LG-02

Exp. No. :

Date :

STUDY OF LOGIC GATES
AIM:
To familiarize with logic gate IC packages and to verify the truth tables of the logic gates. Also to familiarize with the digital IC trainer kit.

COMPONENTS AND EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED:
Sl.No.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 10 11

Items
Power Supply 7400 7402 7404 7408 7432 7486 Resistor LED Bread Board Wire IC Trainer

Range
(0-05)V IC IC IC IC IC IC 330 Ohm

Quantity
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Required 1

Kit

TROUBLESHOOTING WITH DIGITAL ICs:
Experiments with digital integrated circuits are rather easy compared with analog integrated circuits. Operator must be cautious about the connecting wires and pins of the IC. In most of the logic gate ICs pin no.7 is GND and pin no.14 is Vcc. But this is not the case with all digital ICs. There is a chance that the operator may commit mistake by taking for granted that pin nos.7 and 14 are Vcc and GND respectively for all pin ICs.

AND GATE
Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Digital Integrated Circuits Lab

LG-03

A 0 0 1 1

B 0 1 0 1

Z 0 0 0 1

OB

OR GATE

A 0 0 1 1

B 0 1 0 1

Z 0 1 1 1

OB

THEORY:
Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Digital Integrated Circuits Lab

LOGIC GATES:

LG-04

In digital electronics, a gate is a logic circuit with one output and one or more inputs. Logic gates are available as integrated circuits (ICs). AND GATE: The AND gate performs logical multiplication, more commonly known as AND function. The AND gate output will be in high state when all the inputs are in high state. 7408 is a digital IC in TTL family which contains four AND gates. For this reason, it is called quad two input AND gate. Every AND gate has two inputs in this dual-in-line package (DIP). Pin 14 is the supply pin. For TTL devices to work properly, the supply voltage level must be between +4.75 V and +5.25 V. This is why +5 V is the nominal supply voltage specified for all TTL devices. Pin 7 is a common ground for the chip. The other pins are for inputs and outputs. OR GATE: It performs logical addition. Its output will become high if any of the inputs is in logic high. 7432 is a quad two input OR gate. NOT GATE: It performs a basic logic function called inversion or complementation. The purpose of the inverter is to change one logic level to opposite level. IC 7404 is a hex inverter(means six inverters in the DIP).

NOT GATE
Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Digital Integrated Circuits Lab

LG-05

A 0 1

Z 1 0

OB

NAND GATE

A 0 0 1 1

B 0 1 0 1

Z 1 1 1 0

OB

Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Digital Integrated Circuits Lab

NAND GATE:

LG-06

A NOT gate following an AND gate is called NOT-AND or NAND gate. Its output will be low if all the inputs are in high state. 7400 IC is a quad two input NAND gate. NOR GATE: A NOT gate following an OR gate is called NOT-OR or NOR gate. Its output will be low if all the inputs are in high state. 7402 IC is a quad two input NOR gate. EXOR GATE: Its output will be high if and only if one input is in high state.7486 is aa quad two input EXOR gate.

PROCEDURE:
1. Test all the components and IC packages using a digital IC tester. Also assure whether the connecting wires are in good condition by checking for the continuity using a Multimeter or a trainer kit. Continuity of wires can be tested using a trainer kit by shorting a 5 V supply in the trainer to an LED of the panel. If wires are good, LED will glow.

2. Verify the dual-in-line package (DIP) pin out of the IC before feeding the inputs. 3. Set up the circuits and observe the outputs. Enter the input and output states in truth table corresponding to the input combinations.

NOR GATE
Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Digital Integrated Circuits Lab

LG-07

A 0 0 1 1

B 0 1 0 1

Z 1 0 0 0

OB

EXOR GATE

A 0 0 1 1

B 0 1 0 1

Z 0 1 1 0

OB

Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Digital Integrated Circuits Lab

LG-08

IC TRAINER KIT:
IC trainer kit is mainly used to test and implement digital circuits. Integrated circuits can be fitted in sockets or breadboard provided in it. The associated circuits can be set up on the breadboard. There are built-in voltage source and clock signals in it. The frequency of clock can be selected by turning the knob into different positions. In order to feed monopulses manually, a debouncer switch is also provided. So many select-switches are provided to obtain 0 or 1 state voltages for digital inputs. Green and red LEDs are provided to represent low and high states respectively to visualize the digital outputs.

RESULT:

Roll No.

Submission Date

Marks

Remarks

Staff Signature

Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE