# Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

BOA-01

Linear Integrated Circuits
Lab Manual

Prepared By
A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,
Senior Lecturer Electrical and Electronics Engineering, St.Xavier’s Catholic College of Engineering, Kanyakumari District, Pin Code 629807.

Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

BOA-02

Exp. No.:

Date:

BASIC OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER CIRCUITS
AIM:
To design and set up the following basic operational amplifier circuits. (i) Zero crossing detector (ii) Inverting amplifier (iii) Non-inverting amplifier (iv) Voltage follower

COMPONENTS AND APPARATUS REQUIRED:

Sl.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Items Dual Power Supply Function Generator CRO Op-amp Resistor Resistor Resistor Bread Board Connecting Wires

Range (0-15)V

LM741 1K 10K 2K

Quantity 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 Required

Zero Crossing Detector
Circuit Diagram: Pin Diagram:

Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

BOA-03

+15V 741
100mVpp=Vin

Vo

-15V

G G

Model Graph
Vin
50mV

t

Vo

+Vsat

t

-Vsat

Tabulation Time No. of Amplitude Time/Div. No. of Period Division (Volts) Division (ms)

Amp./Div. Input Output

Frequency (Hz)

THEORY:
Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

BOA-04

Zero Crossing Detector:

It is a comparator which switches from OFF to ON when input crosses zero reference voltage. An inverting comparator used as zero crossing detector is shown in Fig.. That is, the output is driven into negative saturation when the input signal passes through zero in positive direction. Conversely, when input signal passes through zero in the negative direction, the output switches and saturates positively. This circuit can be used as an easy technique to check whether the op-amp is in good condition.

PROCEDURE:

(i) (ii) (iii)

Setup the circuit shown in fig. Apply an input signal of 100mVpp and 1 KHz to the inverting input. Observe whether the output is a square wave swinging from +Vsat to –Vsat.

Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

BOA-05

Inverting Amplifier
Circuit Diagram Rf +15V Ri 1 k
2Vpp=Vin

741 -15V G

Vo

G

Model Graph
Vi

+1V

t

Vo

+V

t

-V

Tabulation

Ri =

Sl.No. 1 2 3
Dept. of EEE
-V

Input (Volts)

Rf

Theoretical Gain

Output (Volts)

Practical Gain

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

BOA-06

Inverting Amplifier:
This is one of the most popular op-amp circuits. The polarity of the input voltage gets inverted at the output. If a sine wave is fed to the input of this amplifier, the output will be an amplified sine wave with 180 degree phase shift. The gain of the inverting amplifier is given by the expression A=Rf/Ri where Rf is the feed back resistance and Ri is the input resistance. Inverting amplifier can be used as a scalar because by varying either R f or Ri amplitude of the output can be varied.

PROCEDURE:

(i) (ii)

Set up the circuit shown in fig. with Ri=1K, Rf=10K Apply an input signal of 2Vpp and 1KHz to the inverting input. Observe the output voltage Vo and input signal Vs on the dual channel oscilloscope. Measure the peak voltages.

(iii)
(iv)

Repeat the measurements of Vo for Rf=10K. Calculate the voltage gain.

Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

BOA-07

Non Inverting Amplifier
Circuit Diagram

Rf +15V Ri 1 k G
2Vpp=Vin

741 -15V

Vo

G
Model Graph
Vi

+1V

t

Vo +V

t

-V

Tabulation
Dept. of EEE
-V

Ri = A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,
SXCCE

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

BOA-08

Sl.No. 1 2 3

Input (Volts)

Rf

Theoretical Gain

Output (Volts)

Practical Gain

+1V

Vo +V

Vi

Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

BOA-09

Non-Inverting Amplifier:

This circuit provides a gain to the input signal without any change in polarity. The gain of the non-inverting amplifier is given by the expression A= 1+Rf/Ri, where Rf is the feedback resistance and Ri is the input resistance.

PROCEDURE:

(i) set up the circuit shown in Fig. with Ri=1K, Rf=10K (ii) Apply an input signal of 2Vpp and 1KHz to the inverting input. Observe the output and input waveforms on the dual channel oscilloscope. Measure the peak voltages. (iii) Repeat the measurements of Vo for Rf=10K. (iv) Calculate the voltage gain.

Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

BOA-010

Voltage Follower
Circuit Diagram

+15V 741 -15V
Vin

Vo

G Model Graph
Vi

+1V

t

Vo

+V

t

-V

Tabulation
Amp./ Division Input Output Dept. of EEE
-V

No. of Division

Amplitude (Volts)

Time/ Division

No. of Division

Time Period (ms)

Practical Gain

Theoretical Gain

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

BOA-011

Voltage Follower
Doing a slight change in non-inverting amplifier circuit, we can make a voltage follower circuit. The name voltage follower came from the fact that output is the replica of the input (ie) unity gain and no change in polarity. This circuit will provide very high input impedance. It is used as a buffer to connect a high impedance signal source to a low impedance load.

PROCEDURE:

(i)
(ii)

Setup the circuit shown in Fig. with Ri=1K, Rf=10K Observe the output and input waveforms and calculate the gain.

NOTE:

(i)

Take care to switch on V+ and V- supplies before switching on input signal sources.

(ii)

Take care to switch off the V+ and V- supplies.

RESULT:

Roll No.

Submission Date

Marks

Remarks

Staff Signature

Dept. of EEE

A.DARWIN JOSE RAJU, M.E., SMIEEE,

SXCCE