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Nishan-e-Haider, translated as "The Mark of Haider, where Haider is the name of Hazrat Ali (A.S) and means Lion", abbreviated as NH), is the highest military award given by Pakistan. It is posthumously awarded to military personnel for extraordinary courage and valour beyond the call of duty in face of adversity in defence of the motherland. There are only a very few parallels to the Nishan-e-Haider in other militaries in the world because being killed in the line of duty is a condition-precedent for the award of Nishane-Haider. Its exclusivity may be gauged by the fact that in over 3 major wars and 1 major conflict fought by Pakistan, only 10 Nishan-e-Haider's (and one equivalent) have been awarded.
NISHAN-E-HAIDER" IS THE HIGHEST MILITARY AWARD OF PAKISTAN AND BEING VERY CLOSELY ASSOCIATED WITH THE EXEMPLARY COURAGE AND VALOUR OF HAZRAT ALI HAIDER-E-KARAR, HAS VERY APTLY BEEN NAMED AFTER HIM. "NISHAN-E-HAIDER" IS AWARDED TO THE MEMBERS OF PAKISTAN ARMED FORCES (LIVING OR POSTHUMOUSLY) FOR THE ACTS OF EXTRA-ORDINARY GALLANTRY IN FACE OF ENEMY, AT THE PERIL OF THEIR LIVES AND BEYOND THE CALL OF DUTY. "NISHAN-EHAIDER" IS CONSIDERED EQUAL TO THE BRITISH VICTORIA CROSS. “NISHAN-EHAIDER" MEDAL IS A FIVE POINTED STAR, MADE OF LEAD, COPPER AND GUN METAL AND ENAMELED ON THE EDGES. IT IS HUNG BY 1.5" GREEN AND SILK RIBBON, WHICH CARRIES A CLASP WITH "NISHAN-E-HAIDER" ON THE OBVERSE SIDE. AT THE REVERSE SIDE OF THE MEDAL, A BRIEF HISTORY AND PARTICULARS OF THE AWARDEE ARE INSCRIBED.

The Nishan-e-Haider can only be awarded posthumously to both men and women. The medal has been awarded to only ten military personnel even though Pakistan has been involved in three wars (1948, 1965, and 1971) and a major conflict in Kargil with India during the summer of 1999. The families of the recipients of the Nishan-e-Haider are entitled to 75 acres (300,000 m2) of agricultural land and government support for up to three dependants of the deceased soldier. Nishan-e-Haider recipients receive an honorary title as a sign of respect: Shaheed meaning martyr for deceased recipients and Ghazi meaning victor for living recipients. To date, no living person has received the award.

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1) -Major Tufail Muhammad Shaheed Born 1914 in Hoshiarpur. Commissioned into the 16th Punjab Regiment, 1943. Early in August, 1958, Major Tufail, a Company Commander in the East Pakistan Rifles, and his patrol encircled an Indian post in the Lakshmipur area. And, though mortally wounded in the hand-to-hand encounter that followed, Major Tufail continued to lead his troops till the Indians were driven out, leaving four dead and three prisoners. He died the same day on 7 August 1958 at the age of 44. 2)- Major Muhammad Akram Shaheed Born 4 April 1938 in Dingha, Gujrat District. Commissioned in the Frontier Force Regiment on 13 October 1963. Major Mohammad Akram and a company of 4 FF Regiment which he commanded in the forward area in Hilli district, in East Pakistan in 1971, came under incessant air, artillery and armour attacks. But for an entire fortnight, despite enemy superiority in both numbers and fire power, he and his men repulsed every attack, inflicting heavy casualties on the enemy. Major Akram died during this epic battle in 1971 at the age of 33. 3) - Major Shabbir Sharif Shaheed Born 28 April 1943 in Kunjah, Gujrat District. Commissioned into the Frontier Force Regiment on 19 April 1964. Major Shabbir Shariff as commander of a company of 6 FF Regiment, was ordered in December 1971 to capture high ground near Sulemanki than a company of the Assam Regiment supported by a squardon of tanks. In a wellnigh superhuman action, for the next three days and nights after crossing a minefield and massive obstacles and killing forty-three soldiers and destroying four tanks, Major Sharif and his men held two enemy battalions at bay. But after he took over an anti-tank gun from his gunner in an attack was killed by a direct hit in the afternoon of 6 December. He was 28 years old.

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4)-Captain Karnal Sher Khan Shaheed Enlisted: 1990, Second Lt. Captain Karnal Sher joined those eight legendary heroes who received the highest military award of Nishan-i-Haider for laying down their lives in defence of the beloved motherland. Captain Karnal Sher Khan emerged as the symbol of mettle and courage during the Kargil conflict on the Line of Control (LoC). He set personal examples of bravery and inflicted heavy losses on the enemy. He defended the five strategic posts, which he established with his jawans at the height of some 17,000 feet at Gultary, and repulsed many Indian attacks. After many abortive attempts, the enemy on July 5 ringed the post of Capt. Sher Khan with the help of two battalion and unleashed heavy mortar firing and managed to capture some part of the post. Despite facing all odds, he lead a counter-attack and re- captured the lost parts. But during the course he was hit by the machine-gun fire and embraced Shahadat at the same post. He is the first officer from the NWFP province to be awarded with Nishan-iHaider. CAPTAIN MUHAMMAD SARWAR SHAHEED.
BORN: 1910, SINGHORI VILLAGE, DISTRICT OF RAWALPINDI

1.

COMMISSIONED: 1944, PUNJAB REGIMENT

Naik Sawar Ali Shaheed. Was awarded Hilal-e-Kashmir, from the government of Azad Kashmir in the 1948 War, this award has since been made the equivalent of the Nishan-e-Haider and is considered as one
DURING THE KASHMIR OPERATIONS SOON AFTER THE BIRTH OF PAKISTAN, AS COMPANY COMMANDER OF THE 2ND BATTALION OF THE PUNJAB REGIMENT, CAPTAIN SARWAR LAUNCHED AN ATTACK CAUSING HEAVY CASUALTIES AGAINST A STRONGLY FORTIFIED ENEMY POSITION IN THE URI SECTOR UNDER HEAVY MACHINE GUN, GRENADE AND MORTAR FIRE. BUT ON THE 27TH JULY 1948, AS HE MOVED FORWARD WITH SIX OF HIS MEN TO CUT THEIR WAY THROUGH A BARBED WIRE BARRIER, HE MARTYRED WHEN HIS CHEST WAS RIDDLED BY A BURST OF HEAVY MACHINE GUN FIRE. HE WAS 38 YEARS OLD.

Havaildar Lalak Jan Shaheed (1967–July 7, 1999), 12 NLI. Besides these, the following award also applies:

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2. Naik Sawar Ali Shaheed. Was awarded Hilal-e-Kashmir, from the government of Azad Kashmir in the 1948 War, this award has since been made the equivalent of the Nishan-e-Haider and is considered as one Born 1910, Village Sanghori Commissioned into the Punjab Regiment, 1944. During the Kashmir Operations soon after the birth of Pakistan, as Company Commander in the 2nd Battalion of the Punjab Regiment, Captain Sarwar launched an attack causing heavy casualties against a strongly fortified enemy position in the Uri Sector under heavy machine-gun, grenade and mortar fire. But on 27 July 1948, as he moved forward with six of his men to cut their way through a barbed wire barrier, he died when his chest was riddled by a burst of automatic fire. He was 38 years old. Major Raja Aziz Bhatti Shaheed Born 1928 in Hong Kong. Commissioned into the Punjab Regiment, 1950. On 6 September 1965, as Company Commander in the Burki area of the Lahore sector, Major Bhatti chose to move with his forward platton under incessant artillery and tank attacks for five days and nights in the defence of the strategic BRB canal. Throughout, undaunted by constant fire from enemy shell arms, tanks and artillery, he organized the defence of the canal, directing his men to answer the fire until he was hit by an enemy tank shell which killed him on 10 September 1965. He was 37 years old. Pilot Office Rashid Minhas Shaheed Born 17 February 1951 Ccommissioned as a pilot in the Pakistan Air Force. Pilot Officer Minhas was taxiing for take-off on a routine traning flight when an Instructor Pilot forced his way into the rear cockpit, seized control of the aircraft and took off. When Minhas realized that the absconding pilot was heading towards India, he tried to regain control of the plane but was unable to do so. Knowing that it meant certin death, he damaged tha controls and forced the aircraft to crash thirty two miles short of the border on 20 August 1971. He died at the age of 20.

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Back to Top Jawan Sawar Muhammad Hussain Shaheed Born 18th June 1949 in Dhok Pir Baksh (now Dhok Mohammad Husain Janjua). Enlisted as a driver on 3 September 1966. Although only a driver in the 20th Lancers, when war broke out in 1971, Sawar Mohammad Hussein took an active part in every battle in which his unit was engaged unmindful of any danger, no matter how grave. When he spotted the enemy digging in along a minefield near the village of Harar Khurd in December 1971 on his own initiative he directed accurate fire at the enemy resulting in the destruction of sixteen enemy tanks. But while directing fire from recoilless rifles, he was hit in the chest by a burst of machine-gun fire and died on 10 December 1971 at the age of 22. Back to Top

Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfooz Shaheed Born 25 October 1944 in Pind Malikan (now Mahfuzabad), Rawalpindi district. Enlisted in the Army on 25 October 1962. Serving in 'A' Company of 15 Punjab Regiment when war broke out in 1971, Lance Naik Mohammad Mahfuz was deployed on the Wagha-Attari Sector in East Pakistan where his company was pinned down by unceasing frontal and crossfire from automatic weapons. Although his machine gun was destroyed by an enemy shell, Mahfuz advanced towards an enemy bunker whose automatic fire had inflicted heavy casualties. Even though wounded in both legs by shell splinters, when he reached the bunker he stood up and pounced on the enemy, but was hit. Although unarmed, he caught hold of one enemy was slowly strangling him when another bayoneted him to death during the night on 17 December 1971. He was 27 years old.

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Havaldaar Lalak Jan Shaheed Hav. Lalak Jan of the Northern Light Infantry (NLI) was one of those many who as a junior leader fought from the forefront to thwart heavy Indian attacks. He volunteered himself to be deployed on the front positions located at the jagged peak in May 1999. Hav. Lalak driven back many aggressive ventures by the enemy and imposed colossal losses on them. On July 7, Hav. Lalak sustained serious injuries as enemies pounded the area with heavy mortar shelling. But despite being injured, he retained his position and frustrated the Indian assault. He, however, succumbed to his injuries at the same post he was defending. Hav. Lalak was awarded with the Nishan-i-Haider for his dauntless courage and devotion

Brigadier Wali Muhammad Commander of a local Brigade presenting salute after laying a floral wreath at the grave of Captain Muhammad Sarwar Shaheed, Nishan-e-Haider on the eve of Defence Day of Pakistan (6-9- 2007), Photo ISPR.

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Major General Khalid Rabbani, General Officer Commanding laying a floral wreath at the monument of Major Muhammad Akram Shaheed at Jhelum on Defence Day of Pakistan (06-9-2007), Photo ISPR.

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Major General Tahir Habib Siddiqui, General Officer Commanding presenting salute after laying a floral wreath at the Mazar of Major Aziz Bhatti, Shaheed, in Ladian near Gujrat and on Defence Day of Pakistan (6-9-2007), Photo ISPR

Brigadier Syed Shahid Ali, Commandant AK Regimental Center, offering after laying a floral wreath at the Mazar of Naik Saif Ali Shaheed, Hilal-e- Kashmir (equalant to Nishan-e-Haider) at AK Regimental Center on Defence Day of Pakistan (6-9-2007) Photo ISPR.

Brigadier Israr Ahmed Satti, Commander of a Local Brigade presenting salute after laying a floral wreath at the Mazar of Sawar Muhammad Hussain Shaheed at Dhoke Muhammad Hussain near Gujarkhan on Defence Day of Pakistan (6-9-2007), Photo ISPR.

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Major General Mohsin Kamal, Force Commander Northern Areas, meeting with Son of Havildar Lalak Jan Shaheed after laying a floral wreath at the Mazar of Havildar Llalk Jan Shaheed on Defence Day of Pakistan (6-9-2007), Photo ISPR.

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Brigadier Arjamand Shaheen Janjua, Center Commandant Punjab Regimental Center offering Fateh after laying a floral wreath at the Mazar of Lance Naik Muhammad Mehfooz Shaheed on Defence Day of Pakistan (6-9-2007), Photo ISPR.

No 382/2007-ISPR Dated 6-9-07 Rawalpindi September 6th:To commemorate the Defence Day of Pakistan Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, General Ehsan Ul Haq hosted a reception at

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the Joint Staff Officers Mess here this evening. Prime Minister, Mr Shaukat Aziz was the chief guest. Distinguished among others who attended the reception include, Chairman Senate, Federal Ministers, Parliamentarians, Services Chiefs, Ambassadors of various countries in Islamabad and other senior serving civil and military officers. -.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-

Prime Minister, Shaukat Aziz cuts a cake at a reception hosted by Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Commitee, General Ehsan Ul Haq to commemorate the Defence Day of Pakistan at the Joint Staff Officers Mess on Thursday.(6-9-2007) photo ISPR

No 383/2007-ISPR Dated 6-9-07 Rawalpindi September 6th:To commemorate the achievements and accomplishments of war veterans and Shaheeds on Defence Day, Garrison Commander Lieutenant General Tariq Majid invited retired Military Officers of Rawalpindi/Islamabad at Corps Headquarters for rejuvenating the ties between the

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serving and retired officers besides paying rich tributes to our national heros. The gathering was largely attended by officers of all ranks in a congenial environment. Garrison Commander also listened the problems faced by retired officers and instructed Station Commander for undertaking immediate remedial measures. Director General RDA, auxillary Commanders and staff officers of Corps Headquarters were also present on the occasion. Commander also directed that such interactions will be arranged more often in future as well. -.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-

Corps Commander Lietenant General Tariq Majeed talking with Retired Military Officers at a reception hosted by Corps Commander on the eve of Defence Day of Pakistan (6-92007)

No 384/2007-ISPR Dated 6-9-07 Rawalpindi September 6: A prestigious ceremony was held at School of Artillery Nowshera in which Chief of Logistics Staff Turkish Armed Forces Lieutenant General Hulusi AKAR donated 155 mm Howitzer Panther Gun to Pakistan Army. Speaking on occasion Lieutenant General Hulusi AKAR said Pakistan and Turkey enjoy

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a very special relationship marked by a rich reserve of mutual good will and strong desire to further strengthen bilateral ties. Both brethrens countries enjoy close relations in field of defence collaboration ranging from weapons and equipment training of each student officer in Pakistan and turkey and joint exercise being conducted. Turkey is a leading country in production of arms and this donation will be a mile stone in the history of both countries in further fostering brotherly relations. Lieutenant General Hulusi AKAR handed over the keys, of 155 mm Howitzer Panther Gun to Lieutenant General Ejaz Ahmed Bakhshi, Director General Weapons & Equipment. A memorandum of understanding between both countries was also signed to boost existing ties on defence production. 155 mm modem towed Howitzer Panther Gun is latest artillery piece manufacture by Turkey and has range of 40 Kilometer. .-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.-.--.—

A view of ceremony of handing over the keys of 155 mm Howitzer Panther Gun to Pakistan Army at School of Artillery Nowshera. Chief of Logistics Staff Turkish Armed Forces Lieutenant General Hulusi AKAR and Lieutenant General Ejaz Ahmed Bakshi attended (06-9-2007), Photo ISPR.

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Chief of Logistics Staff Turkish Armed Forces Lieutenant General Hulusi AKAR and Lieutenant General Ejaz Ahmed Bokshi, Director General Weapon & Equipment and others group photographed on the eve of handing over ceremony of 155 mm Howitzer Panther Gun to Pakistan Army at School of Artillery Nowshera (06-9-2007), Photo ISPR.

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