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Water Pump Controller

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Water Pump Controller


Suresh Kumar K.B.

water pump controller senses the level of water in a tank and drives the water pump. The circuit described here is

built around timer IC1 (555). When the water level of tank goes below the low level marked by 'L' the voltage at pin 2 of
IC1 becomes low. As a result, internal SR-flip-flop of IC1 resets and its output goes high. This high output pin 3 of IC1
drives relay driver transistor T1 (BC547) and energises relay RL1. Water pump gets mains power supply through n/o
contacts of the relay and is powered on. It starts filling water in the tank.
When the water level goes high and reaches the high level marked by 'H', the voltage at pin 6 of IC1 also goes high. As a
result, internal SR-flip-flop of IC1 sets and its output goes low. This low output pin 3 of IC1 cuts off relay driver transistor
T1 and de-energises relay RL1. Water pump disconnects from the mains power supply through n/c contacts of relay and
goes off. This stops the water flow.
Use 12V battery or 12V adaptor to operate the circuit. Assemble the circuit on a general-purpose PCB and enclose in a
suitable cabinet. Use three-sensor (thick conductive wire) and fit into the tank ensuring that 12V sensor touches the
bottom and low-level sensor remains just above the bottom. High level sensor should be placed at a height till where the
water needs to be filled. The circuit is economical, highly reliable and can be easily constructed.

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20

| 3 Comments

avinash kumar dubey

23

11

18 days ago

since you have grounded the 12v terminal to the tank base. so the tank will be made up of which type ofmaterial?
R e ply

1 R e ply

Rudra

17 days ago

It has no effect on the working of this circuit. If its of Metal then the HIGHER LEVEL prob will be in contact with the comman
wire sensor through a conduction of water OR if it is made of nonconducting material then also it will conduct electron.But
all the three terminal should not be shorted
R e ply

Jagdish

21 hr 4 m in ago

delightful identified Cheers rintaelg to this wonderful info material. One a different type of thing may be that will lots of old
cameras occasionally occur pre-loaded through entire new zoom lens to ensure that approximately for that arena to
understand involved quickly vi
R e ply

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