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Trains
General Concept: (1) Time taken by a train x mt long in passing a signal post or a pole or a standing man = time taken by the train to cover x mt (2) Time taken by a train x mt long in passing a stationary object of length y mt = time taken by the train to cover x+y mt (3) Suppose two trains or two bodies are moving in the same direction at u kmph and v kmph such that u > v then their relative speed is u-v kmph (4)If two trains of length x km and y km are moving in opposite diredtions at u kmph and vmph,then time taken by the train to cross each other = (x+y)/(u+v) hr (5) Suppose two trains or two bdies are moving in opposite direction at u kmph and v kmph then,their relative speed = (u+v) kmph (6)If two train start at the same time from 2 points A & B towards each other and after crossing they take a & b hours in reaching B & A respectively then A's speed : B's speed = (b^1/2 : a^1/2 ) Problems (1)Find the time taken by a train 180m long,running at 72kmph in crossing an electric pole Solution: Speed of the train =72*5/18m/s =20 m/s Distance move din passing the pole = 180m Requiredtime = 180/20 = 9 seconds (2)A train 140 m long running at 60kmph.In how much time will it pass a platform 260m long. Solution: Distance travelled =140 + 260 m =400 m, speed = 60 * 5/18 = 50//3 m time=400*3 / 50 = 24 Seconds (3)A man is standing on a railway bridge which is 180 m.He finds that a train crosses the bridge in 20 seconds but himself in 8 sec. Find the length of the train and its sppeed Solution: i)D=180+x T = 20 seconds S= 180+x / 20 ------------ 1 ii)D=x T=8 seconds D=ST x=8S ------------- 2 Substitute 2 in 1 S=180 + 8 S / 20 S=15 m/s Length of the train,x is 8 *15 = 120 m (4)A train 150m long is running with a speed of 68 mphIn wht time will it pass a man who is running at a speed of 8kmph in the same direction in which the train is going Solution: Relative Speed = 68-8=60kmph*5/18 = 50/3 m/s

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time= 150 * 3

/50 =9sec

5)A train 220m long is running with a speed of 59 k mph /..In what time will it pass a man who is running at 7 kmph in the direction opposite to that in which train is going. Solution: Relative Speed = 59+7=66kmph*5/18 = 55/3 m/s time= 220/55 * 3 =12sec

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(6)Two trains 137m and 163m in length are running towards each other on parallel lines,one at the rate of 42kmph & another at 48 mph.In wht time will they be clear of each other from the moment they meet. Solution: Relative speed =42+48 = 90 *5/18 = 25m/s time taken by the train to pass each other = time taken to cover (137+163)m at 25 m/s = 300 /25 s =12 s (7)A train running at 54 kmph takes 20 sec to pass a platform. Next it takes 12 sec to pass a man walking at 6kmph in the same direction in which the train is going.Find length of the train and length of platform Solution: Relative speed w.r.t man = 54-6=48kmph the length of the train is 48 * 5/18 * 12 =160m time taken to pass platform =20 sec Speed of the train = 54 * 5/18 =15m/s 160+x =20 *15 x=140m length of the platform is 140m (8)A man sitting in a train which is travelling at 50mph observes that a goods train travelling in opposite irection takes 9 sec to pass him .If the goos train is 150m long fin its speed Solution: Relative speed =150/9 m/s =60 mph speed of the train = 60-50 =10kmph (9)Two trains are moving in the sam e direction at 65kmph and 45kmph. The faster train crosses a man in slower train in18sec.the length of the faster train is Solution: Relative speed =65-45 kmph = 50/9 m/s Distancce covered in18 s =50/9 * 18 = 100m the length of the train is 100m (10)Atrain overtakes two persons who are walking in the same direction in which the train is going at the rate of 2kmph an 4kmph and passes them completely in 9 sec an 10 sec respectively. The length of train is Solution: 2kmph = 5/9 m/s 4 mph =10/9 m/s Let the length of the trainbe x meters and its speed is y m/s then x / (y- 5/9) = 9 and x / (y- 10/9) = 10 9y-5 =x and 10(9y-10)=9x 9y-x=5 and 90y-9x=100 on solving we get x=50,lenght of trains (11) Two stations A & B are 110 km apart on a straight line. One train starts from A at 7am and travels towards B at 20kmph. Another train starts from B at 8am an travels toward A at a speed of 25kmph.At what time will they meet Solution: Suppose the train meet x hr after 7am Distance covered by A in x hr=20x km 20x+25(x-1) = 110 45x=135 x=3 So they meet at 10 am (12)A traintravelling at 48kmph completely crosses another train

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having half its length an travelling inopposite direction at 42kmph in12 sec.It also passes a railway platform in 45sec.the length of platform is Solution: Let the length of the first train be x mt then,the length of second train is x/2 mt relative speed = 48+42 kmph =90 * 5/18 m/s = 25m/s (x+ x/2)/25 =12 x=200 Length of the train is 200m Let the length of the platform be y mt speed f the first train = 48*5/18 m/s = 40/3 m/s 200+y * 3/40 = 45 y=400m

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(13)The length of a running trsain in 30% more than the length of another train B runnng in the opposite direction.To find out the speed of trtain B,which of the following information given in the statements P & Q is sufficient P : The speed of train A is 80 kmph Q : They too 90 sec to cross each other (a) Either P & Q is sufficient (b)Both P & Q are not sufficient (c)only Q is sufficient (d)Both P & Q are neeed Ans: B Solution: Let the length of th e train A be x mt Length of the train B = 130/100 x mt =13x/10 mt Let the speed of B be y mph,speed of the train A=80mph relative speed= y+80 * 5/18 m/s time taken by the trains t cross each other is gven by 90 = (x + 13x/10)/ (5y+400 / 18) to find y,clearly xis also needed so,both P & Q are not sufficient (14)The speed of a train A,100m long is of another train B,180m long running in the speed of B,which of the information sufficient P :The two trains crossed each other Q : The difference between the spee (a)Only P is sufficient (b)Only Q is sufficient (c)Both P & Q are needed (d)Both P & Q are not sufficient Ans : A 40% more than then the speed opposite direction.To fin out given in statements P & Q is in 6 seconds of the trains is 26kmph

Solution: Let speed of B be x kmph then,speed of A =140x/100 kmph =7x/5 mph relative speed = x + 7x/5 =2x/3 m/s time taken to cross each other = (100+180)*3/2x s =420/x s now,420/x = 6 x=70 mph thus,only P is sufficient (15)The train running at certain speed crosses astationary enginein 20 seconds.to find out the sped of the train,which of the following information is necessary (a)Only the length of the train (b)only the length of the engine (c)Either the length of the train or length of engine (d)Both the length of the train or length of engine Ans : D Solution: Since the sum of lengths of the tran and the engine is needed, so both the length must be known

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