40 billion

The number of hours spent each year in Africa due to the need to collect and haul water………

In Varanasi, India, untreated sewage flows directly into the Ganges River, the source of drinking, bathing and irrigation water for 500 million people. Despite the government’s best efforts, including $130 million for the river’s cleanup, millions of gallons of raw sewage are dumped into the Ganges every day. Worldwide, 2 million tons of human, industrial and agricultural waste are discharged into rivers and lakes every day.

5.3 billion
The number of people —two-thirds of the world’s population — who will suffer from water shortages by 2025………

There are 37 shantytowns in the city of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, most of which do not have reliable water services. The city has 2 million inhabitants, a tenfold population increase in the past 30 years. People and animals bathe together in water that is provided by the city but is not fit to drink….

Shamans perform a soul-cleansing ritual at Peguche Falls in Ecuador during the Inti Raymi fiesta, an ancient Incan celebration of the sun. The water is believed to give a person power to work and courage to dance for the fiesta.

Hindu pilgrims travel thousands of miles to collect a bottle of water from the headwaters of the sacred Ganges River, and they proudly display the bottle in their homes for the rest of their lives. An important part of ritual purification in Hinduism is the bathing of the entire body, particularly in rivers considered holy.

Water plays a central role in many religions around the world. In Varanasi, India, 60,000 Hindus bathe in the Ganges River every day. While the faithful believe that water cleans and purifies the body, the World Wildlife Fund considers the Ganges to be one of the world’s 10 most endangered rivers due to the over-extraction and pollution of its waters.

In July 2007, remote sensing experts at Boston University reported the discovery of an enormous underground reservoir of water the size of Massachusetts beneath Darfur in western Sudan. While this vast Sub-Saharan region used to be among the most lush and fertile in the world, today it is one of the driest and most troubled places on Earth. In recent years, more than 200,000 people have died in Darfur, partly due to disputes over water and other natural resources. Humanitarian groups working to end the conflict in Darfur are optimistic that this “mega-lake” could help ease tensions in the region.

Industrial pollution, garbage and human waste have fouled the Congo. River, yet those who live near its shores have no choice but to use it for their most basic needs — hydration, sanitation and transportation. In the poorest parts of Kinshasa, residents wind their way through mounds of garbage to obtain enough water to bathe and cook……….

Unlined waste pits filled with crude oil are a sad legacy of Texaco’s 28 years of drilling in Ecuador. It could cost as much as $6 billion to ignore the waste oil left behind, but who will pay for it and how the oil will be cleaned up are still at issue.

The children standing next to these outhouses in the Niger River Delta symbolize a paradox of poverty in the midst of plenty. Despite the fact that multinational oil companies have pumped more than $400 billion of wealth out of the world’s third largest wetland, local residents have little to show for it. Pollution has affected the air quality, soil fertility, waterways and wildlife, and it has even resulted in acid rain. As a result, fishing and agriculture are no longer productive enough to sustain the area.

Mountains of “e-waste” have been shipped to China, where families who used to work on farms have taken to scavenging among the piles of keyboards, motherboards and discarded computer components in Chaoyang County in southern Guangdong Province, among other places. The e-waste contains hundreds of extremely toxic substances, including lead, cadmium, chromium, mercury and other heavy metals that leach into the groundwater.

A worker at a recycling center in Shanghai sifts through the plastic bottles that arrive in China by the boatload. Bottled water is now a $100 billion a year industry, second only to soft drinks in the beverage sector. In the United States, the leading consumer followed by Mexico and China, fewer than 25 percent of the bottles are recycled, contributing 2 million tons per year to landfills.

Foul smelling water mixed with coal had been running from Kenny Stroud’s faucet for more than a decade before clean tap water was finally provided by the city of Rawl, West Virginia, last March. For years, residents of the Appalachian coal-mining town had to rely on water trucks and bottled deliveries, a reality unknown to most citizens in the developed world. Their fight still continues in the courts against Massey Energy, a mountaintop coal-mining corporation, who they blame for pollution and illnesses disrupting their community.

Nilawati Shelake balances precariously as she retrieves water from one of the 200 wells dug in the village of Sindhi Kalegoan, near Aurangabad, India. She, like many women in the developing world, is the primary water gatherer in her family. On any given day, she may make five to seven trips to her well to meet the needs of her farm and family of five.

The dry season in Kenya puts animals on the move in search of water. Elephants arrive from the arid surrounding plains to the green grasses at Lake Amboseli in Amboseli National Reserve, Kenya. An elephant will never stray far from a water supply because it needs to drink about 40 gallons a day. Over the course of a year, an elephant can drink more than 15,000 gallons of water. African elephants can detect water flowing underground and when desperate will dig down to find water in a riverbed that has run dry.

Moha mmed Ali Zein uses trucked-in water to nourish a lone Balanites Aegyptiaca tree in Yemen, making a stand against the advance of the desert. Global warming, overgrazing and poor irrigation threaten the lives and livelihoods of millions of people, as increasingly large regions of the world become incapable of producing food. Desertification doesn’t just mean that there is moresand; it means that the land has become incapable of supporting life.

Two boys in southern Sudan use straw-shaped guinea worm filters supplied by the Carter Center to protect themselves from the larvae responsible for guinea worm disease. This parasitic disease is painful and debilitating, and its effects reach far beyond a single victim, crippling agricultural production and reducing school attendance. The Carter Center has distributed millions of these straws in recent years, reducing infestations by 70 percent

Glaciers that provide Europe with drinking water (and ski slopes) have lost more than half their volume in the last century. Workers at the Pitztal Glacier ski resort in Austria are doing something to slow the melting. On a sunny day, they attach a fleece-like blanket to the top of the slope, push it over the lip and roll it down over the glacier’s flank. The synthetic material protects the snow from the sun’s rays and helps slow the melting in summer month.

At 11,000 feet on Austria’s Pitztal Glacier, 15 acres of cutting-edge insulation is draped onto sheer slopes — at a cost of $85,000 — to keep them from melting. Glaciers in the Alps are losing 1 percent of their mass every year and may disappear by the end of the century. Less ice and snow cover means less runoff to feed Europe’s major rivers and a loss to the region’s ecosystem as well as to its economy. Glacier wrapping is now being tried in Germany and Switzerland.

Bottles of water fetch $20 each in the name of charity. A group called Charity: Water uses every dime of the purchase price to dig freshwater wells in Uganda, Malawi, Central African Republic, Ethiopia and Liberia.

A pain’s push to develop its arid southern coast for tourism has required it to tap the Mediterranean Sea for fresh water. The country’s 700 desalination plants produce 800 million gallons yearly. Worldwide, more than 12,000 desalination plants produce more than 4.4 trillion gallons.

The message -----

Water is Life. Pass it on...
has been delivered to the world. Now it is

your turn to act.
Plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz pass this presentation to your friends & relatives & help this beautiful planet from pollution…………. Thank you very much for watching this presentation and plzzzzzzzzzzz save water………

Aditya kandukuri