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WELDED JOINTS - SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION ON DRAWINGS (to BS EN 22553)

1. Elee!t"#$ S$%ol&
The symbols shown below are some of the symbols given in the Standard
De&'(!"t'o! Ill)&t#"t'o! S$%ol
Square butt weld
Single-V butt weld

Single-bevel butt weld
Single-V butt weld with broad root face
Single-bevel butt weld with broad root
face
Single-U butt weld
Single-J butt weld
Backing run (US - back or backing weld!
"illet weld
#lug weld (US - slot or $lug weld!
S$ot weld (resistance welding!
%dge weld
Supplementary Notes Rev. 3 7/04
for Welding Inspection
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WELDED JOINTS - SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION ON DRAWINGS (to BS EN 22553)
2. Co%'!"t'o!& o* Elee!t"#$ S$%ol&
%lementary symbols are combined for welding from both sides ' as shown below
De&'(!"t'o! Ill)&t#"t'o! S$%ol
double-V butt weld (( weld!
double-bevel butt weld
double-V butt weld with broad root face
double-bevel butt weld with broad root face
double-U butt weld
3. S)++lee!t"#$ S$%ol&
%lementary symbols may be su$$lemented by a symbol characterising the sha$e of the e)ternal
surface* or sha$e of the weld+
Note
The absence of a supplementary symbol means that the shape of the weld surface does not
need to be indicated precisely.
S,"+e o* -el. &)#*"/e o# -el. S$%ol
flat (usually finished flush!
conve)
concave
toes shall be blended smooth
$ermanent backing stri$ used M
removable backing stri$ used MR
Supplementary Notes Rev. 3 7/04
for Welding Inspection
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WELDED JOINTS - SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION ON DRAWINGS (to BS EN 22553)
0. Met,o. o* Re+#e&e!t"t'o!
To s$ecify a weld detail it is necessary to show a weld symbol together with- -
an arrow line ' com$leted by an arrow head
two reference lines consisting of--
one continuous line
one dashed line . ( see e!ception "elo#$
The arrow line /oins one end of the continuous reference line to form an angle with it+
& 0 arrow line
,a 0 reference line (continuous line!
,b 0 identification line (dashed line!
1 0 welding symbol
5. Po&'t'o! o* /o!t'!)o)& l'!e 1 ."&,e. l'!e
The dashed line can be drawn either above* or beneath* the continuous line ' as shown
or
Supplementary Notes Rev. 3 7/04
for Welding Inspection
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&
,b
,a
1
/oint
WELDED JOINTS - SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION ON DRAWINGS (to BS EN 22553)
2. Rel"t'o!&,'+ %et-ee! t,e "##o- l'!e "!. t,e 3o'!t
"igures below show the meaning of the 2arrow side3 of the /oint and the 2other side3 of the /oint
Supplementary Notes Rev. 3 7/04
for Welding Inspection
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arrow line
2arrow side3 2other side3
arrow line
2other side3 2arrow side3
arrow line
2arrow side3
2other side3
arrow line
2other side3
2arrow side3
arrow line
/oint
2arrow side3
of /oint
2other side3
of /oint
/oint B
arrow line
/
o
i
n
t

2arrow side3
of /oint B
2other side3
of /oint
/
o
i
n
t

B
WELDED JOINTS - SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION ON DRAWINGS (to BS EN 22553)
4. Po&'t'o! o* t,e "##o- l'!e
The $osition of the arrow line with res$ect to the weld is no s$ecial significance e5/e+t for
single bevel or single-J welds+ "or these* arrow line has to $oint to the $late that is $re$ared+
This same detail can be indicated by moving the $osition of the dashed line (other side! ' as
shown below- -
6. Po&'t'o! o* t,e &$%ol -'t, #e&+e/t to t,e #e*e#e!/e l'!e
The symbol is $laced either above or beneath the reference line as follows- -
The symbol is $laced on the continuous line side of the reference line if the weld (weld face!
is on the arrow side of the /oint
The symbol is $laced on the dashed line side if the weld (weld face! is on the other side of
the /oint
This is illustrated below- -
Note
For symmetrical welds, the dashed line is unnecessary - & should be omitted as shown.
Supplementary Notes Rev. 3 7/04
for Welding Inspection
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To be welded on the arrow side To be welded on the other side
WELDED JOINTS - SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION ON DRAWINGS (to BS EN 22553)
7. S+e/'*$'!( t,e D'e!&'o!& o* Wel.&
Wel. /#o&&-&e/t'o! .'e!&'o!&
These are written on the left-hand side of the symbol (before the symbol! and certain letters are
used to indicate $articular dimensions* namely- -
s 0 de$th of $enetration
Butt welds are to have complete penetration unless the symbol shows a penetration depth
a = throat thickness (of a fillet weld!
Z = leg length (of a fillet weld!
s can also be used to show the de$th of $enetration required for a dee$ $enetration
fillet weld- -
Wel. le!(t, .'e!&'o!&
These are written on the right-hand side of the symbol (after the symbol!
166mm long fillet weld with an 7mm leg would be shown as follows- -
Supplementary Notes Rev. 3 7/04
for Welding Inspection
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a
Z
s s
166
Z 8
a
s
WELDED JOINTS - SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION ON DRAWINGS (to BS EN 22553)
A! '!te#'tte!t *'llet -el. would be shown as follows- -
A &t"((e#e. '!te#'tte!t *'llet -el. would be indicated as below- -
Ot,e# -el. .'e!&'o! '!.'/"to#&
/ 8 width of slot (for a $lug or slot weld!
width of weld (for a resistance seam weld!
. 8 diameter of hole ($lug weld!
diameter of s$ot (s$ot weld!
Supplementary Notes Rev. 3 7/04
for Welding Inspection
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n ) l ) (e! Z
(for a fillet #it% a
specified leg lengt%$
n ) l ) (e! a
(for a fillet #it% a
specified t%roat t%ic&ness$
l length of weld
( e ) distance between weld lengths
n number of weld elements
( e )
l
l
n ) l ( e ! c
c
n ) l ( e !
d
n ( e !
d
n ( e !
Note
The dashed line is omitted to indicate
that it is a symmetrical weld (fillet si:e
the same on arrow side ; other side!
( e )
( e )
n ) l Z
n ) l Z
( e )
( e )
l l
( e )
l
( e ) ( e )
l
l
WELDED JOINTS - SYMBOLIC REPRESENTATION ON DRAWINGS (to BS EN 22553)
19. Co+lee!t"#$ '!.'/"t'o!&
Pe#'+,e#"l -el.&
<hen a weld has to be made all round a $art* the symbol is a circle ' as shown below
:'el. o# &'te -el.&
flag is used to indicate a field or site weld ' as shown below
I!.'/"t'o! o* t,e -el.'!( +#o/e&&
=f required* the welding $rocess is shown by a number written between the two branches of an o$en
fork* at the end of the reference line ' as shown below
Se;)e!/e o* '!*o#"t'o! '! t,e t"'l o* t,e #e*e#e!/e l'!e
"urther information can be added to the o$en tail of the reference line but it should be added in the
following order (and each one se$arated by a line!
welding $rocess (to =S> 4681!
acce$tance level (to =S> 57&9!
working (welding! $osition (to =S> 8?49!
filler materials (to =S> 544* =S> ,586* =S> 157&!
=n addition* a closed tail can be used which indicates a s$ecific instruction* e+g+* a $rocedure sheet '
as shown
Supplementary Notes Rev. 3 7/04
for Welding Inspection
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111
=S> 4681 gives the numbers allocated
for each welding $rocess* e+g+*
@@
S<
&15 @A
&4& T=A
<#S 999
B7
7mm leg fillet weld all round