1.

28
General information
Units of measurement and standard formulae
ELECTRICITY AND ELECTROMAGNETISM
Quantity Units
Units and expressions
not recommended
Name French name Symbol Definition SI
Non SI,
but accepted
Conversion
Frequency Fréquence f
1
Hz (hertz)
Période T
Electric current Courant électrique
(intensité de)
I A (ampere)
Electric potential Potentiel électrique V V (volt)
Voltage Tension U
Electromotive force Force électromotrice E
Phase angle Déphasage " U = Um cos#t rad ° degree
i = im cos (#t -")
Power factor Facteur de puissance cos "
Reactance Réactance X Z = IZI
j"
Resistance Résistance R = R + jX $ (ohm)
IZI = % R
2
+ X
2
Impedance Impédance Z 1
C#
Self inductance Inductance propre (self) L

& H (henry)
Capacitance Capacité C

Q F (farad)
Quantity of electricity Charge électrique,
Quantité d'électricité
Q
Q = '(dt
C (coulomb) A.h
1 A.h = 3600 C
Resistivity Résistivité )

R.S $ .m $ /m
Conductance Conductance G

1 S (siemens) 1/ $ = 1S
No. of turns (coil) Nombre de tours (spires)
de l'enroulement
N
No. of phases Nombre de phases m
No. of pairs of poles Nombre de paires de pôles p
Magnetic field Champ magnétique H A/m
Magnetic potential difference Différence de potentiel
magnétique
Um A
Magnetomotive force Force magnétomotrice F, Fm F = *H
s
d
s
Solénation, courant totalisé H H = NI
Magnetic induction
Magnetic flux density
Induction magnétique,
Densité de flux magnétique
B T (Tesla) = Wb/m
2
(gauss) 1 G = 10
-4
T
Magnetic flux Flux magnétique,
Flux d'induction magnétique
& & = ƒƒ
s
Bn ds Wb (weber) (maxwell)
1 max = 10
-8
Wb
Magnetic vector potential Potentiel vecteur magnétique A Wb/m
Permeability Perméabilité d'un milieu µ = µ
o
µ
r
B = µH H/m
Permeability of vacuum Perméabilité du vide µ
o
µ
o
= 4+10
-7
H/m
Permittivity Permittivité , = ,
o
,
r
1 F/m
36 + 10
9
X = L# -
L =
I
C =
V
) =
I
G =
R
f =
,
o = F/m
The unit AT (ampere-turns)
is incorrect because it treats
"turn" as a physical unit
j is defined as j
2
= -1
# pulsation = 2 + . f
Z+
Screen
P +
P
Back to menu
1.29
General information
THERMODYNAMICS
Quantity Units
Units and expressions
not recommended
Name French name Symbol Definition SI
Non SI,
but accepted
Conversion
Temperature Température T K (kelvin) temperature
Thermodynamic Thermodynamique Celsius, ., °C
T = . + 273.15
1.8
Temperature rise Ecart de température /T K °C 1 °C = 1 K
Heat flux density Densité de flux thermique q, " & W/m2
A
Thermal conductivity Conductivité thermique 0 W/m.K
Total heat transmission Coefficient de transmission K " = K (Tr
2
- Tr
1
) W/m
2
.K
coefficient thermique global
Heat capacity Capacité thermique C dQ J/K
dT
Specific heat capacity Capacité thermique c C
massique m J/kg.K
Internal energy Energie interne U J
q =
C =
c =
NOISE AND VIBRATION
Quantity Units
Units and expressions
not recommended
Name French name Symbol Definition SI
Non SI,
but accepted
Conversion
Sound power level Niveau de puissance Lw L
W
=10 lg (P/P
o
) dB lg logarithm to base 10
acoustique (P
o
= 10
-12
W) (decibel) lg10 = 1
Sound pressure level Niveau de pression Lp L
p
=20 lg (P/P
o
) dB
acoustique (P
o
=2 x10
-5
Pa)
DIMENSIONS
Quantity Units
Units and expressions
not recommended
Name French name Symbol Definition SI
Non SI,
but accepted
Conversion
Angle (plane angle) Angle (angle plan) !, 1, T, " degree : ° 180° : + rad
minute : '
second : "
2 3.14 rad
Length Longueur I cm, dm, dam, hm
Breadth Largeur b working diag.: 1 inch = 1" = 25.4 mm
Height Hauteur h m (metre) milimetre (mm) 1 foot = 1' = 304.8 mm
Radius Rayon r µm
Longueur curviligne s micrometre micron µ
angström : A = 0.10 nm
Area Aire, superficie A, S m
2
1 square inch = 6.45 10
-4
m
2
Volume Volume V m
3
litre : l UK gallon = 4.546 10
-3
m
3
liter : L US gallon = 3.785 10
-3
m
3
°C : Degree Celsius
.
C
: temperature in °C
.
F
: temperature in °F
.
F
- 32
.
C
=
Z+
Screen
P +
P -
P
Back to menu
1.30
General information
Quantity Units
Units and expressions
not recommended
Name French name Symbol Definition , SI
Non SI,
but accepted
Conversion
Time Temps t minute : min Symbols ' and " are reserved
Intervalle de temps, durée s (second) hour : h for angles.
Period (periodic time) Période (durée d'un cycle) T day : d minute not written as mn
Angular velocity Vitesse angulaire #
d"
Circular frequency Pulsation dt
Angular acceleration Accélération angulaire !
d#
dt
Speed Vitesse u, v, w,
ds
1 km/h =
dt 0.277778 m/s
Velocity Célérité c 1 m/min =
0.0166 m/s
Acceleration Accélération a
dv
(ou décélération) dt
Acceleration Accélération
of free fall de la pesanteur g = 9.81 m/s
2
approx
Revolution per minute Fréquence de rotation n s
-1
min
-1
tr/mn, RPM, TM…
Mass Masse m tonne : t kilo, kgs, KG…
kg (kilogramme) 1 t = 1000 kg 1 pound : 1 lb = 0.4536 kg
Mass density Masse volumique ) d m
dV
Linear density Masse linéique
)
e d m
d L
Surface mass Masse surfacique
)
A d m
d S
Momentum Quantité de mouvement P p = m.v kg.m/s
Moment of inertia Moment d'inertie J, I I = 3 m.r
2
kg.m
2
MD
2
kg.m
2
4
pound per square foot = 1 lb.ft
2
= 42.1 x 10
-3
kg.m
2
Force Force F N (newton) kgf = kgp = 9.81 N
Weight Poids G G = m.g pound force = IbF = 4.448 N
Moment of force, Moment d'une force M M = F.r N.m mdaN, mkg, N.m
Torque T 1 mkg = 9.81 N.m
1 ft.lbF= 1.356 N.m
1 in.lbF= 0.113 N.m
Pressure Pression p

F F
bar
S A Pa (pascal) 1 bar = 10
5
Pa
Normal stress Contrainte normale 4 Pa kg/mm
2
, 1 daN/mm
2
= 10 MPa
Shear stress Contrainte tangentielle, 5 Leroy-Somer use psi = pound per square inch
Cission the MPa = 10
6
Pa 1 psi = 6894 Pa
Friction coefficient Facteur de frottement µ incorrectly = friction
coefficient ƒ
Work Travail W W = F.I 1 N.m = 1 W.s = 1 J
Energy Energie E Wh = 3600 J 1 kgm = 9,81 J
Potential energy Energie potentielle Ep J (joule) (watt-hour) 1 cal = 4.18 J (calorie)
Kinetic energy Energie cinétique Ek 6/2 J #
2
1 Btu = 1055 J
Quantity of heat Quantité de chaleur Q (British thermal unit)
Power Puissance P

W 1 ch = 736 W
t 1 HP = 746 W
Volumetric flow Débit volumique q
v

dV m
3
/s
dt
Efficiency Rendement 7 < 1 %
Dynamic viscosity Viscosité dynamique 7, µ Pa.s poise, 1 P = 0.1 Pa.s
Kinematic viscosity Viscosité cinématique 8
7
stokes, 1 St = 10
-4
m
2
/s
)
# =
rad/s
rad/s
2
! =
m/s
v =
a = m/s
2
kg/m
3
kg/m
J =
kg/m
2
W (watt)
P =
q
v
=
m
2
/s 8

=
1 kgf/cm
2
= 0.981 bar
1 psi = 6894 N/m
2
= 6894 Pa
1 psi = 0.06894 bar
1 atm = 1.013 x 10
5
Pa
p = =
MECHANICS
Z+
Screen
P +
P -
P
Back to menu
1.31
General information
Unit conversions
Symbol Definition Symbol Definition
FJ inertia factor M
Max
maximum permissible torque
N.m
FM operating factor expressed in % M
S max
maximum output selection torque
N.m
F
r
permissible radial force
N
M
uS
torque required for the application during output
N.m
h/d
daily operating time
in hours per day
M
nS
rated output torque
i exact reduction of gearbox n
min
, n
max
minimum output rotational speed of gearbox,
maximum output rotational speed of gearbox
min
-1
i
u
reduction available to the application n
uE
useful input rotational speed of gearbox,
min
-1
J
C/M
moment of inertia of the load
applied to the motor shaft
n
uS
useful output rotational speed of gearbox
min
-1
J
M
moment of inertia of the motor P
standard motor power
kW
K overall duty factor P
n
rated power
kW
K1
duty factor
dependent upon the inertia
P
uE
input power required for the application
kW
K2
duty factor
dependent upon the operating factor
P
uS
output power required for the application
kW
K
P
maximum possible duty factor
for the geared motor
P
t
rated thermal power of gearbox
kW
K
.
thermal power
correction factor
s/h starts per hour
M
torque transmitted by the geared motor
N.m
.
ambient temperature
°C
Z (s/h)
starting frequency
of the application (s/h)
Units MKSA (SI = International system) AGMA (US system)
Length 1 m = 3.2808 ft 1 mm = 0.03937 in 1 ft = 0.3048 m 1 in = 25.4 mm
Mass 1 kg = 2.2046 lb 1 lb = 0.4536 kg
Torque 1 N.m = 0.7376 lb.ft 1 N.m = 141.6 oz.in 1 lb.ft = 1.356 N.m 1 oz.in = 0.00706 N.m
Force 1 N = 0.2248 lb 1 lb = 4.448 N
Moment of inertia 1 kg.m
2
= 23.73 lb.ft
2
1 lb.ft
2
= 0.04214 kg.m
2
Power 1 kW = 1.341 HP 1 HP = 0.746 kW
Pressure 1 kPa = 0.14505 psi 1 psi = 6.894 kPa
Magnetic flux 1 T = 1 Wb / m
2
= 6.45210
4
line / in
2
1 line / in
2
= 1.55010
-5
Wb / m
2
Magnetic losses 1 W / kg = 0.4536 W / lb 1 W / lb = 2.204 W / kg
GLOSSARY
Z+
Screen
P -
P
Back to menu

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful