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B.A.LL.B. (HONS.

) FOURTH SEMESTERS

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UPDATED JANUARY 2013
PAPER - II
POLITICAL SCIENCE (MAJOR)
INDIAN POLITY AND PUBLIC GOVERNANCE
ACADEMIC SESSION MARKS: 80
(2012-2013)

MODULE I
INTRODUCTION TO PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

INTRODUCTION: Meaning, Scope and Significance; Evolution and Status of the Discipline; Comparative
Public Administration, Public and Private Administration;
APPROACHES OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: Historical, Legal and Institution-Functional, Ecological,
Behavoural
ADMINISTRATION, POLICY AND CHALLENGES: Interaction with historical and Political Legacies,
Impact of Political System, Integral Approach
BASIC CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES: Organisation, Hierarchy, Unity of Command, Span of Control,
Authority and Responsibility, Co-ordination, Centralization and Decentralization, Delegation, Supervision,
Line and Staff.
MODULE II
THEORIES OF ADMINISTRATION: Scientific Management (Taylor and the Scientific Management
Movement), Classical Theory (Fayol, and Urwick) Bureaucratic Theory (Max Weber); Human Relations
School (Elton Mayo);
ADMINISTRATIVE BEHAVIOUR: Decision Making with Special Reference to H. Simon
LEADERSHIP IN ADMINISTRATION: Concept, Relevance, Theories of Motivation (Maslow and
Herzberg)
NEW PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: Concept, Meaning and Nature

MODULE III
PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION

CONCEPT OF CIVIL SERVICES: Recruitment, Training, Employer-Employee relationship
ISSUES IN PERSONNEL ADINISTRATION: Neutrality, Generalist-Specialist Relation, Integrity
DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION: Concept and features, Critique
BUREAUCRACY: Weberian model of bureaucracy and Development Administration, Riggsian Model of
Bureaucracy
MODULE IV
COMPARATIVE ADMINISTRATION

MEANING, NATURE AND SCOPE OF COMPARATIVE ADMINISTRATION, Features of Administrative
Systems of Britain and United States
Comparison Between Weberian and Socialist Model of Organisation and Management
DEMOCRATIC CENTRALISM: FEATURES OF CHINESE ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM
ADMINISTRATION AND PEOPLE: Means of Public Participation, Relevance
MEANS OF REDRESSAL SYSTEM: Ombudsman, Lokpal, Lok pal
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SUGGESTED BOOKS
(1) Mohit Bhattacharya, New Horizons of Public Administration
(2) Prasad and Prasad, Administrative Thinkers
(3) Sharma and Sadana , Public Administration
(4) Avasthi and Maheshwari , Public Administration
(5) Rajini Goyal and Arora, Indian Administration
(6) Avasthi and Avasthi, Indian Administration
(7) D.D.Basu, Introduction to the Constitution of India

B.A.LL.B. (HONS.) FOURTH SEMESTERS

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UPDATED JANUARY 2013
PAPER - II
ECONOMICS - (MAJOR)
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS
ACADEMIC SESSION MARKS: 80
(2012-2013)


MODULE I
INTRODUCTORY
INTERNATIONAL TRADE- Meaning and Significance; Determinants of International Trade, Basis of
International Trade
INTERNAL AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE - Difference between Internal and International Trade;
Advantages and Disadvantages of International Trade.
CLASSICAL THEORY OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE - Theory of Comparative Costs
MODERN THEORY OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE - Heckscher Ohlin Model, Superiority of Modern
Theory over Classical Theory
MODULE II
TRADE POLICIES
TERMS OF TRADE- Meaning, Principle of Reciprocal Demand (Excluding Offer Curve); Types of Terms
of Trade
FREE TRADE POLICY - Arguments and Evaluation
PROTECTION POLICY - Methods of Protection; Rationale of Protection Policy for Underdeveloped
Countries
BALANCE OF PAYMENTS - Meaning Significance Difference between Balance of Payments;
Disequilibrium in Balance of Payments; Types of Disequilibrium; Causes; Remedial Measures
MODULE III
INTERNATIONAL REGULATORY ISSUES
GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TRADE AND TARIFF (GATT) - Origin, Problems, Transition From GATT
to WTO
WORLD TRADE ORGANISATION (WTO) - Objectives and Functions of WTO; Agreements of WTO:
Agriculture, TRIPS, Trims, GATS, Impact of WTO on India.
FOREIGN EXCHANGE - Meaning of Foreign Exchange; Types of Rate of Exchange
DETERMINATION OF EQUILIBRIUM RATE OF EXCHANGE - Mint Parity Theory; Purchasing Power
Parity Theory; Modern Theory
MODULE IV
INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS
INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND - Origin; Functions of IMF; successes and Failures of IMF; India
and IMF;
INTERNATIONAL BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT - Origin of IBRD (or World
Bank); Functions and Operations of World Bank; Critical Evaluation; India and the World Bank
ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK - Objectives, Evaluation
SOUTH ASIAN ASSOCIATION FOR REGIONAL COOPERATION SAARC - Origin; Objectives;
Indias Trade with SAARC Nations



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SUGGESTED READI NGS

1. M.L. J hingan, Economics of Development and Planning, Vrinda Publications, New Delhi (2009).
2. K.C. Rana and K.N. Verma, International Economics, Vishal Publishing Company, J alandhar (2004).
3. Ruddar Dutt and K.P.M Sundharam, Indian Economy, S.Chand Publications, New Delhi (2012).
4. M.L Taneja and Dr. G. M. Myer, Economics of Development and Planning, Shoban Lal Nagin Chand
and Company, J alandhar (2002).
5. P.K Dhar,., Indian Economy and Its Growing Dimensions, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana (2012).
6. M.C. Vaish, Sudama S., International Economics, Oxford Publishing Company, New Delhi (2008).
7. Dominick Salvatore, International Economics, J ohn Wiley and Sons Inc., Singapore (2007).

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UPDATED JANUARY 2013
PAPER - III
HISTORY OF MODERN WORLD - MINOR-3
ACADEMIC SESSION MARKS: 80
(2012-2013)


MODULE I
HISTORY OF THE MODERN WORLD: AN INTRODUCTION

AMERICAN REVOLUTION
FRENCH REVOLUTION
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION - Causes and Impact on Society
RISE OF NATIONALISM IN ITALY AND GERMANY

MODULE II
WORLD FROM WORLD WAR I TO WORLD WAR II

FIRST WORLD WAR Causes, Nature and Consequences
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION (1917)
PEACE SETTLEMENTS AND POST 1919 WORLD UNDER ECONOMIC CRISIS - The Great
Depression and Recovery.
RISE OF DICTATORSHIPS - Italy and Germany, SECOND WORLD WAR - Causes and Effect.

MODULE III
COLD WAR AND ITS CONSEQUENCES

CONCEPT OF COLD WAR AND SECURITY TREATIES - NATO, CENTO, ANZUS AND WARSAW
NON-ALIGNED MOVEMENT AND THE THIRD WORLD
THE UNO AND RESOLUTION OF DISPUTES
MOVEMENTS FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE - Civil Rights Movement (USA), Anti-Apartheid (Africa), Feminism
(USA)

MODULE IV
END OF THE COLD WAR

FACTORS IN THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET COMMUNISM AND THE SOVIET UNION
POLITICAL CHANGES IN THE EASTERN EUROPE
END OF THE COLD WAR AND US ASCENDANCY IN THE WORLD
GLOBALISATION - Economic and Political Impact

SUGGESTED READINGS

(1) J ain & Mathur, A History of the Modern World (1500-2000), J ain Prakashan Mandir, J aipur (2004).
(2) Grenville, J .A.S., History of the World: From Twentieth to Twenty- First Century, Routledge, London
(2005).
(3) Barraclough, G., An Introduction to Contemporary History, Penguin (1968).
(4) Thompson, David., Europe Since Napoleon, Penguin (1966).
(5) Roberts, J .M., Europe from 1880-1945, Penguin (1989).
(6) Cornwell, R.D., World History in the Twentieth Century, Longman, London (1976).
(7) Henderson, J .L., Since 1945: Aspects of Contemporary World History, Metheum Education,
London (1966).
(8) Palmer, R.R. and Cotton J oel, History of the Modern World, London (1964).
(9) Carr, E.H., International Relations between the Two World Wars: 1919-1939, Palgrave, New York
(2004).
(10) Watt, D.C., History of the World in the Twentieth Century, Hodder and Stoughton, London (1967).


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UPDATED JANUARY 2013
PAPER - IV
JURISPRUDENCE - (2)
ACADEMIC SESSION MARKS: 80
(2012-2013)

MODULE I
CONCEPTS OF LAW-I
PERSON- Meaning, Kinds of Person, Nature of Corporate Personality and Status of Person
RIGHT AND DUTY - Definition, Characteristics and Kinds of Rights, Theory of J ural Relations, Theories
of Right, Duty - Concepts, Meaning and Kinds of Duty
OBLIGATIONS - Meaning and Kinds of Obligations
POSSESSION AND OWNERSHIP - Meaning of Possession, Theories of Possession and Kinds of
Possession, Meaning, Kinds, Modes of Acquisition of Ownership, Renners Modern Theory of Ownership
MODULE II
CONCEPTS OF LAW-II
LIABILITY- Meaning and Definition, Kinds
PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LIABILITY AND THEORY OF PUNISHMENT
CIVIL LIABILITY AND CIVIL LIABILITY WITH FAULTY
STRICT AND ABSOLUTE LIABILITY
MODULE III
LAW AND SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION

LAW AND POVERTY- J urisprudential Aspect (Legal Aid)
LAW AS AN INSTRUMENT OF SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION,
JUDICIAL ACTIVISM AND ROLE OF JUDICIARY IN SOCIAL TRANSFORMATION
SOCIAL WELFARE LEGISLATIONS IN INDIA
MODULE IV
POST MODERNIST INTELLECTUAL MOVEMENTS IN LAW

FEMINIST JURISPRUDENCE - Meaning & Origin, Feminist Legal Theories and its Criticism
HUMAN RIGHTS JURISPRUDENCE - Emergence and Development
ENVIRONMENTAL JURISPRUDENCE
CONSUMER JURISPRUDENCE
SUGGESTED READINGS

(1) Dyani S.N., Jurisprudence and Indian Legal Theory, Central Law Agency, Allahabad, 2006.
(2) Agarwal, K.B., Sociological Jurisprudence and Legal Philosophy, Universal Book Company, J aipur,
1993.
(3) Austin, J ohn, The Province of Jurisprudence Determined and the Uses of the Study of
Jurisprudence, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1954.

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(4) Austin, J ohn, The Province of Jurisprudence Determined, Universal Law Publishing Co., Delhi,
2005.
(5) Bentham, J eremy, A Fragment on Government; or, A Comment on the Commentaries, Second
Edition, W. Pickering, London, 1823.
(6) Bix, Briann Jurisprudence: Theory And Context, Sweet and Maxwell, London, 2006.
(7) Bodenheimer, Edgar, Jurisprudence the Philosophy and Method of the Law, Universal Law
Publishing, New Delhi, 2006.
(8) Coleman, J ules, The Practice of Principle: In Defence of a Pragmatic Approach to Legal Theory,
Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001.
(9) Detmold, M.J ., The Unity of Law and Morality: A Refutation of Legal Positivism, Routledge and
Kegan Paul, London, 1984.
(10) Dickson, J ulie, Evaluation and Legal Theory, Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2001.
(11) Dias R W M, Jurisprudence, Aditya Prakashan, 1985
(12) Doherty, Michael, Jurisprudence the Philosophy of Law, Old Bailey Press, London, 2001.
(13) Freeman, M.D.A., Lloyds Introduction to Jurisprudence, Sweet and Maxwell, London, 2001.
(14) George, Robert, Pl (Ed.). The Autonomy of Law: Essays on Legal Positivism, Clarendon Press,
Oxford, 1995.
(15) Hart, H.L.A., Province of Jurisprudence, Universal Law Publishing, Delhi, 2005.
(16) Holland, Thomas Erskine, K.C., The Elements of Jurisprudence, Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt.
Ltd., New Delhi, 2006.
(17) Paton, G.W., Taxt Book of Jurisprudence, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2007.

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UPDATED JANUARY 2013
PAPER - IV
PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW
ACADEMIC SESSION MARKS: 80
(2012-2013)

MODULE I
INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL LAW

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT
DEFINITION OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
NATURE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL LAW AND MUNICIPAL LAW

MODULE II
SOURCES AND SUBJECTS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS AND CUSTOM
GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, JUDICIAL DECISIONS AND OTHER SOURCES
STATE AND INDIVIDUAL
NON STATE ENTITIES AND INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS

MODULE III
STATE RESPONSIBILITY AND RECOGNITION

NATURE AND KINDS OF STATE RESPONSIBILITY QUESTION OF FAULT IMMUTABILITY
CIRCUMSTANCES PRECLUDING WRONGFULNESS AND CONSEQUENCES OF
INTERNATIONALLY WRONGFUL ACTS
THEORIES AND KINDS OF STATE RECOGNITION
EFFECTS OF RECOGNITION AND NON-RECOGNITION AND STATUS OF INSURGENCY AND
BELLIGERENCY

MODULE- IV
STATE SUCCESSION
DEFINITION AND MEANING
KINDS OF STATE SUCCESSION
THEORIES OF STATE SUCCESSION
SUCCESSION TO TREATIES AND SUCCESSION WITH RESPECT TO MATTERS OTHER THAN
TREATIES

SUGGESTED READING
(1) Shaw, Malcolm N., International Law
(2) Harris, D.J ., Cases and Materials on International Law
(3) Schwarzenberger, Georg, A Manual of International Law
(4) Starke J .G., Introduction to International Law
(5) Kapoor, S.K., International Law and Human Rights
(6) www.un.org/law
(7) www.woldlii.org
(8) www.icj-cji.org
(9) www.findlaw.com/journals/international.html
(10) www.worldbank.org/legal/lawlibrary.html
B.A.LL.B. (HONS.) FOURTH SEMESTERS

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UPDATED JANUARY 2013

PAPER - III
CONSTITUTION LAW - (2)
ACADEMIC SESSION MARKS: 80
(2012-2013)


MODULE I
CONCEPT OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT, DEFINITION OF STATE, FUNDAMENTAL
RIGHTS AS LIMITATION ON STATE AND THEIR OPERATION.

CONCEPT OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND THEIR PLACE IN DEMOCRATIC SET-UP
DEFINITION OF STATE- AGAINST WHOM FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS CAN BE CLAIMED?
LIMITATION OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS ON STATE- PRE CONSTITUTION AND POST
CONSTITUTION LAWS.
OPERATION OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS- RETROSPECTIVITY AND NON-WAIVER
MODULE II
RIGHT TO EQUALITY AND FREEDOM

GENERAL PRINCIPLE OF EQUALITY AND ITS EXPANDING HORIZON.
SPECIFIC APPLICATION OF EQUALITY - PROHIBITION OF DISCRIMINATION ON CERTAIN
GROUNDS, EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY IN PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT, ABOLITION OF
UNTOUCHABILITY AND ABOLITION OF TITLES.
PROTECTION OF CERTAIN RIGHTS OF FREEDOM OF SPEECH ETC., REASONABLE
RESTRICTIONS ON SUCH FREEDOMS, RIGHTS TO INFORMATION AND PROTECTION IN
RESPECT OF CONVICTION FOR OFFENCES.
PROTECTION OF LIFE AND PERSONAL LIBERTY AND PROTECTION AGAINST ARREST AND
DETENTION IN CERTAIN CASES.

MODULE III
RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION AND CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS:

FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE, FREE PROFESSION, PRACTICE AND PROPAGATION OF RELIGION
AND PROBLEM OF CONVERSION.
FREEDOM TO MANAGE RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS - SECULARISM AND PROBLEM OF UNIFORM
CIVIL CODE.
RIGHT CONSERVE DISTINCT LANGUAGE, SCRIPT AND CULTURE AND RIGHT TO NON-
DISCRIMINATORY ADMISSION IN STATE MAINTAINED AND AIDED EDUCATIONAL
INSTITUTIONS.
RIGHT OF MINORITIES TO ESTABLISH AND ADMINISTER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION OF THEIR
CHOICE - PROBLEM OF RESERVATION IN MINORITY RUN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.
MODULE IV
RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES, IMPACT OF EMERGENCY ON
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT AND DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY ALONG WITH
FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES

RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES - LATITUDE IN LOCUS STANDI IN SEEKING
ENFORCEMENT OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS (PIL) AND REMEDY THROUGH COMPENSATION
FOR DENIAL OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS.
SUSPENSION OF THE ENFORCEMENT OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS DURING EMERGENCIES.
DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FUNDAMENTAL
RIGHTS AND DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY
FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE
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SUGGESTED READINGS


1. M.P. J ain, Indian Constitutional Law, (Vol.I) 6th ed. Lexis Nexies Butterworths, Wadhwa, Nagpur
2010 pp. 1174-1999
2. M.P. Singh (ed.) V.N. Shukla's, Constitution of India, 11th ed. Eastern Book co. 2010 pp 23-362 and
942-979.
3. Udai Raj Rai, Fundamental Rights and Their Enforcement, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2011.
4. D.D. Basu, Shorter Constitution of India, 14th ed. Vol. I, Lexis Nexis: Butterworth Wadhwa, Nagpur
pp. 47-667.
5. H.M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India, 4th ed., Universal Law Publishing Co. (2006) Vol. land-2
pp. 349-947 & 970-2020.


CASE-LAW


1. Ajay Hasia v. Khalid Majib (1981) ISCC 722.
2. Basheshar Nath v. Commissioner, Income Tax A.I.R. 1959 S.C. 149
3. C.P. Royappa v. State of Tamil Nadu (1974) 4SCC3
4. Indra Sawhney v. Union of India 1992 Supp(3) SCC217
5. Ashok Kumar Thakur v. Union of India (2008) 6 SCCI
6. People's Union for Civil Liberties v. Union of India (2003) 4SCC399
7. Maneka Gandhi v. Union of India (1978) ISCC 248.
8. Sunil Batra v. Delhi Administration (1978) 4SCC 494
9. Rev. Stanislaus v. State M.P. (1977) ISCC 677
10. T.M.A. Pai Foundation v. State of Karnataka (2002) 8SCC 481
11. Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of Indi (1984) 3SCC 161
12. A.D.M. Jabalpur v. Shivakant Shukla A.I.R. 1976 SCI 207
13. Minerva Mills Ltd. v. Union of India (1980) 2SCC 591

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UPDATED JANUARY 2013
PAPER - II
SOCIOLOGY MAJOR- 4
SOCIAL RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

MODULE I
SOCIAL RESEARCH

SOCIAL RESEARCH (MEANING, FEATURES, IMPORTANCE)
SCIENTIFIC METHOD AND POSITIVISM
OBJECTIVITY AND SUBJECTIVITY
QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE METHODS


MODULE II
RESEARCH DESIGN

RESEARCH DESIGN (CONCEPT, MEANING, IMPORTANCE)
EXPLORATORY RESEARCH DESIGN
EXPLANATORY AND DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH DESIGN
EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH DESIGN

MODULE III
TECHNIQUES OF DATA COLLECTION

SAMPLING
SURVEY
QUESTIONNAIRE AND INTERVIEW SCHEDULE
CASE STUDY

MODULE IV
TECHNIQUES OF ANALYSIS

SOCIOMETRY
SOCIAL DISTANCE SCALE
VERSTHENE BY MAX WEBER
REPORT WRITING

SUGGESTED READINGS

(1) Barnes, J ohn A., Who Should Know What? Social Science, Privacy and Ethics, Penguin
Harmondsworth (1979).
(2) Bleicher M., The Hermeneutic Imagination, London, Routeldege and Kegan Paul (Introduction
only) (1988).
(3) Bose, Pradip Kumar, Research Methodology, New Delhi (1995).
(4) Bryman, Alan, Quality and Quantity in Social Research, Unwin Hyman, London (1988).
(5) D.A. de Vaus, Surveys in Social Research, George Relen and Unwin, London (1986).
(6) Hughes, J ohn, The Origins of Scientific Sociology, Tavistock, London (1970).
(7) Irvine, J ., I. Miles and J . Evans (eds.), Demystifying Social Statistics, Pluto Press, London (1979).
(8) Madge, J ohn (1970), The Origins of Scientific Sociology, Tavistock, London (1970).
(9) Marsh, Catherine, Exploring Data, Polity Press, Cambridge (1980).
(10) Punch, Keith, Introduction to Social Research, Sage, London (1986).
(11) Srinivas, M.N. and A.M. Shah, Field Worker and the Field, Oxford, New Delhi (1979).



B.A.LL.B. (HONS.) FOURTH SEMESTERS

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UPDATED JANUARY 2013
PAPER-II
SOCIOLOGY MINOR-3
SOCIOLOGICAL THEORIES AND PERSPECTIVES

MODULE I
EVOLUTIONARY PERSPECTIVE

AUGUST COMTE
HERBERT SPENCER
SOROKIN

MODULE II
FUNCTIONAL PERSPECTIVE

EMILE DURKHEIM
TALCOTT PARSON
ROBERT MERTON
RADCLIFF BROWN AND MALINOWSKY
MAX WEBER

MODULE III
CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE

KARL MARX
RALF DAHERNDORF
COLLINS AND COSER
GRAMSCI

MODULE IV
INTERACTIONIST PERSPECTIVE

HERBET BLUMER
GEORGE HERBERT MEAD
C.H. COOLEY
ETHNOMETHODOLOGY AND PHENOMENOLOGY


SUGGESTED READINGS

(1) Quintessence to Sociology, Unique Publications.
(2) Ahuja, Ram, Social Problem in India, Rawat Publications, New Delhi (2005).
(3) Baxi, Upendera, Towards the Sociology of Law, Satwahain Publications, New Delhi (1986).
(4) Majumdar, D.N., Races and Culture in India,
(5) Oommen, T.K. and C.N. Venugopal, Sociology of Law,
(6) Yogendra Singh, Social Change in India
(7) Merton, Robert, Social theory and Social Structure,
(8) Francis Abraham, Social Thought, Oxford Press, London.
(9) Francis Abraham, Social Theory, Oxford Press, London.
(10) Bhushan, Vidya, Text Book of Sociology for Law Students, Kitab Mahal, Allahabad (2005).
(11) Haralambos, M., Sociology - Themes and Perspectives, Oxford University Press, New Delhi
(1980).
(12) Singh, S.P., Research Methods in Social Sciences, Kanishka Publishers and Distributors, New
Delhi (2002)
(13) Myneni, S.R., Sociology, Alahabad Law Agency, Faridabad.