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SJVNL EIA STUDY FOR RAMPUR H.E.

PROJECT,
H.P.
CHAPTER-1
INTRODUCTION
1.1 GENERAL
In the present developing state of countrys economy, there is a great requirement of
electrical power for both industrial and agricultural use. The power requirement during
March-April! for "orthern #egion was $%&,&$ M' against the availability of $((,)$*
M'. Thus, there was a deficit of +.,-. As per the anticipated power supply position in )&-
+ .$
th
plan/, this deficit will increase in future even after accounting the contribution of the
upcoming power pro0ects in the northern region. As per this report, in the year )&-+, total
energy and pea1 energy demands in the northern region shall be )),*) M' and !%%,%(
M' against availability of $*$,(&* M' and ),,&&+ M' respectively. Thus, there shall be
deficit of $+.*- and $&.%- for total energy and pea1 energy respectively, in the northern
region. These deficit figures for all India are $).,- and $).!- respectively. 2urther, the
#eport of the 3roup on 4ower for $
th
4lan estimated the need based capacity addition of
&),)$! M5 during $$
th
4lan. Thus, it is necessary to commission pro0ects to generate power
to bridge the ever-increasing gap in demand and supply scenario.
1.2 HYDRO-POWER POTENTIAL OF HIMACHAL PRADESH
6imachal 4radesh is situated in the northern part of the country and lies between latitudes
!
o
))7 to !!
o
$)7 " and longitudes +%
o
(+7 to +,
o
(7 8. It shares its boundary with
'ttaranchal on the eastern side, 9ammu and :ashmir in the north-western side, ;hina on
the north-east side and 4un0ab and 6aryana in the southern side. The state has a
geographical area of %%,&+! sq. 1m. and population of &,++,)(* as per )$ census
records. The state has a population density of about $, persons per sq. 1m.
The state is blessed with significant hydropower potential. The total power potential of
various river basins in the state is estimated as )$!.+% M5, which is available in five river
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basins .refer 2igure-$.$/. The details of basin wise hydropower potential are given in Table-
$.$.
TABLE-1.1
Hydro-powr po!"!#$% #" &$r#o'( r#&r )$(#"( o* H#+$,-$% Pr$d(-
S. No. B$(#" Id"!#*#d po!"!#$% .MW/
$. <atlu0 ,!,&.+%
). =eas (,),!
!. #avi ),$*$
(. ;henab !,!$
%. >amuna ,&
The present installed capacity in medium and ma0or hydro pro0ects is &%).$, M5 and the
pro0ect wise list is outlined in Table-$.). ?i1ewise, the pro0ects with aggregate installed
capacity of ),&$) M5 are under construction .#efer Table-$.!/.
TABLE-1.2
Hydro-%,!r#, pro0,!( .Md#'+ 1 M$0or/ '"dr opr$!#o" #" H#+$,-$% Pr$d(-
Pro0,! C$p$,#!y .MW/
BBMB
=ha1ra 4ro0ect
=eas <atlu0 ?in1
4ong @am
$).
,,.
!&.
PSEB
<hanan $$.
NHPC
=aira <iul
;hamera-I
;hamera-II
$,.
%(.
!
UPSEB
>amuna 4ro0ect )!+.!+
HPSEB
3iri
=assi
<an0ay Aidyut 9al 4ariyo0na
3anvi
Andhra
Thirot
=inwa
6oli 6ydel 4ro0ect
:illar
=aner
3a0
Mini Micro .$) "o./
&.
&.
$).
)).%
$&.,
(.%
&.
!.
.!
$).
$.%
,.$)
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Pro0,! C$p$,#!y .MW/
S23NL
"athpa 9ha1ri 6.8. 4ro0ect
2HPL
=aspa <tage-II
$%.
!.
To!$% 4562.17
TABLE-1.8
Hydro-%,!r#, pro0,!( '"dr ,o"(!r',!#o" #" H#+$,-$% Pr$d(-
Pro0,! N$+ C$p$,#!y .MW/ A9",y
=habha Aug. 4B6 !. 64<8=
:hauli ,. 64<8=
'hl <tage-II $. 64<8=
@hamwari <unda 4ro0ect +. 6arCa, '<A
:ol @am *. "T4;
4arbati $,. "64;
5ith rising hydro power generation and improving efficiencies in distribution of electricity,
6imachal 4radesh can offer energy at stable prices for eco-friendly industrial development.
Thus, there is an urgent need to develop its huge untapped hydro power potential capacity
with the purpose of harnessing hydro-power resources in the state for economic well being
and growth of the people in the whole region.
The hydropower potential of river <atlu0 and its tributaries has been estimated as ,!,&.+%
M5 of which )*!).+% M5 is being harnessed. The location of different pro0ects on river
<atlu0 in different stages from pro0ect conceptualiCation to pro0ect operation are depicted in
2igure-$.). The pro0ects to generate &,%&( M5 are either in construction stage or in
planningBconceptual stage. Thus, <atlu0 basin provides an ample scope for hydro power
development.
1.8 NEED OF THE PRO2ECT
As outlined in secion-$.$, the northern part of the country is facing severe power crisis, which
will aggravate further, even after considering the contribution of various pro0ects in different
stages of commissioning. Thus, it is imperative to harness the untapped power potential of
various river basins. <atlu0 river basin is one such basin, which offers a significant
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opportunity to harness hydropower at an optimal cost. The proposed #ampur hydroelectric
pro0ect envisages, utiliCation of silt free tail water of "athpa 9ha1ri hydro-electric pro0ect to
generate (!( M5 of hydropower. The annual energy generation in ,- and %- dependable
years is $,(& 356 and )) 356 respectively. The pro0ect would go a long way in
meeting the power requirements of the region and also address the imbalance of hydro-
thermal miD vis-E-vis power generation. The pro0ect location and vicinity map is given in
2igure-$.!.
1.: ALTERNATI3E PROPOSALS
<iD different alternatives utiliCing the tail waters of the "athpa 9ha1ri 6ydroelectric 4ower
4ro0ect besides pic1ing up additional water from <utle0 river at a location suggested by 3<I
.F% meters dBs of :a0o :had/ have been studied for firming up the location and layout of
the pro0ect. The $
st
and )
nd
alternatives have surface powerhouse at =ayal on the right ban1
of river <atlu0 opposite @uttnagar. 'nderground power house at =ehna on the right ban1 of
river has been proposed in case of the !
rd
alternative having an additional length of water
conductor system. The (
th
alternative envisages traversing the left ban1 and having an under
ground powerhouse at "ogli. The %
th
alternative utiliCes the surplus water of river <atlu0 in
addition to the tail water of "athpa 9ha1ri 4ro0ect and has a surface power house on the right
ban1 of river <atlu0 at =ayal. The siDth alternative is to build a gravity dam at =ayal near
@uttnagar with a dam toe powerhouse. The broad geological and other technical features of
these alternatives have been eDamined and are discussed below, allternative-wiseG
ALTERNATI3E ; 1
This proposal contemplates to use the entire releases from the tail race of "athpa 9ha1ri
6ydro 8lectric 4ro0ect ."9684/ i.e. !*!.** cumecs to be diverted for power generation
through #ampur inta1e which is already constructed for the purpose in the tailrace outfall
structure of $% M5 "athpa 9ha1ri 4ro0ect. The aDis of #ampur inta1e is inclined at an
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angle of % degrees with the aDis of T#T out fall of "9684. A gated structure at #@ )%.+$ m
comprising two waterways each of siCe &. D +. m with sill at an 8? of *,*. m have been
provided for #ampur 4ro0ect. A transition $%.+% m long, which terminates into $.$% m
diameter circular tunnel has already been constructed and plugged. =eyond this point,
around () m long $.% m diameter concrete lined 6#T .including suitable transition from
$.$% m to $.% m diameter/ on the left ban1 0oins the inverted siphon aqueduct of $.% m
diameter, steel lined, $*) m in length. Immediately after the inverted siphon aqueduct, a
circular headrace tunnel having $.% m diameter, concrete lined and about $(.% 1m long
begins on the right ban1 of river <utle0. This alternative also envisages a surge shaft !* m
diameter and about $( m deep .open to s1y/ and three numbers penstoc1s of %.( m
diameter, ()B(, m long each .partially underground/, butterfly valve chamber for housing
=utterfly valves. The surface powerhouse will be located on the right ban1 of river <atlu0
near village =ayal to utiliCe gross head of $!*.+ m with an installed capacity of ($) M5.
Thereafter the water is led to the river through the tailrace tunnel of around +) meters length.
2or this alternative no de-silting arrangement and storage reservoir etc. are required.
As indicated above, the water from the left ban1 of river <atlu0 shall be ta1en to right ban1
through an inta1e tunnel of $.$%B$.% m diameter on left ban1 and by constructing an
inverted siphon aqueduct of $.% m diameter, $*) m in length to cross the river from left to
right ban1. The bottom of inverted siphon aqueduct shall be 1ept in roc1 i.e. (* m below the
bed level of <atlu0 #iver. The roc1 is available at a depth of $* m from bed level. =elow the
roc1, )@ cover .i.e. about )$ m/ shall be 1ept over the inverted siphon aqueduct. The bed
slope for initial reach of water conductor system has been 1ept as $G! and for remaining
reach the bed slope is $G!&!.
This proposal involves construction problems li1e providing a large diameter steel liner in
inverted siphon aqueduct, and li1ely accumulation of silt at bend Bdepression points .being an
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inverted siphon/ which may give rise to operational problems. 6ence this proposal has not
been ta1en up for further study in the present form but slightly modified as indicated in
Alternate II belowG
ALTERNATI3E - II
This alternative is similar to alternative-I, the only difference being that the river is proposed
to be crossed by providing a cut and cover #;; conduit (!.) m in length in place of the
siphon aqueduct. In addition, the construction of upstream and down stream coffer dams and
a diversion tunnel $. m horseshoe shaped, ))!.% m long, concrete lined, is involved.
#emaining components li1e 6#T $.% m diameter $%.* 1m long, !* m diameter $(m
deep surge shaft .open to s1y/, %.( m diameter three partially underground steel penstoc1
each ()B(, m long, surface butter fly valve house, surface power house and tail race tunnel
near village =ayal are similar as in the case of Alternative-I utiliCing a gross head of $!*.+ m
with an installed capacity ($) M5.
The proposed headrace tunnel cuts across all the three roc1 groups viC., the 9eori-5angtu
3neissic compleD, :ullu group H #ampur group, thereby negotiating both the thrusts
interpreted in the area. A ma0or fold aDis viC., #ampur Anticlinal aDis is interpreted ad0oining
the <uman :had crossing besides the general tunneling problems eDpected in the 6imalayas.
The closely 0ointed and fractured quartCite along the thrusted contact between the 9eori
5angtu 3neissic compleD and #ampur 3roup is for an approD thic1ness of % meters.
6ot water conditions along the above mentioned thrust shall have to be tac1led. The surface
temperature of hot water from the spring is about !$
o
; only as reported. 6owever, the
temperature at depth is li1ely to be higher. This is being eDplored further by drilling a hole at
the required location.
Ma0or drainages across the headrace tunnel are the :a0o :had, the :uni :had and the <uman
:had, though the ground cover over the proposed tunnel alignment across these drainages is
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approDimately $ m, )% m and * m respectively. The depth to bed roc1 and sound roc1
cover in these sections vis-E-vis internal pressure of the tunnel will have to be 1ept under
consideration while finaliCing the tunnel alignment at the construction stage.
The <uman :had - 6#T intersection lies in the aDial Cone of the #ampur Anticline. The
tunnel is interpreted to lie within phyllite B metabasic flows in this section and the metabasics
are eDpected to be a poor tunneling media.
The :ullu group of roc1s is hetrogeneous in nature and as such is eDpected to be more
problematic while tunneling. 4resence of limestone with solution effects and inflow of water
along with wea1 carb-phyllites may pose tunneling problems.
In general, the proposed tunnel will have a ground cover less than & meters. It, however,
touches a maDimum height of 8l )* m .near :umsu, east of "ermand/ indicating the
maDimum ground cover over the tunnel to be about $$ meters. It is considered that the
tunnel alignment need be chosen in such a manner so as to 1eep the cover over the tunnel
crown of the order of % to & meters. =y doing so it is eDpected that the tunneling
condition may improve and length of the proposed adits may reduce. In view of this the
tunnel alignment shall be reviewed H optimiCed at @4# stage.
The option of underground powerhouse near =ayal is in the phyllites, carb phyllites and lime-
stone with solution effects in a synclinal structure, which may pose lot of problems while
tunneling. ?ocating tailrace tunnel could also be a problem due to presence of thic1 river
terraces between the river and underground powerhouse. As such underground powerhouse
at this location faces number of limitations and even 3eological <urvey of India has opined
against this option. In contrast the surface powerhouse location here is more favorable on the
ban1 of the river but it will have to be located well above the highest flood level in the area.
This proposal appears to be viable and has been considered for further study.
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ALTERNATI3E ; III
This alternative is similar to alternative-II eDcept that the powerhouse is located near village
=ehna at the confluence of =ehna :had with river <atlu0 about ) 1m downstream of outfall
of alternative-II to gain an additional head of around *.)) m.
This alternative contemplates utiliCation of entire tail water discharge of !*!.** cumecs of
"9684 and comprise structures similar of those of Alternative II. The concrete lined 6ead
#ace Tunnel of $.% m diameter will be from right ban1 at 9ha1ri to surge shaft at =ehna.
As suggested in the 3eological report of the 3eological <urvey of India .$,,&-,+/, the
proposed head race tunnel alignment has been reviewed and modified so as to increase the
roc1 cover over the tunnel at :urpan :had and also to reduce the maDimum roc1 cover from
$+ meters in the balance reach. After review, the length of 6#T increases further and the
total length shall be of the order of !& :ms. In view of the long length of 6#T, we will need
to have ( more wor1ing adits which shall involve an additional length of around & :ms, in
addition to the length of the adits which are already envisaged for the proposed $%.+ :m
long head race tunnel for Alternative II. The depth of surge shaft will be about $* m .open
to s1y/, steel lined pressure shaft of about !% m length and underground powerhouse near
village =ehna with a tail race tunnel of about $ 1m length terminating near the confluence of
=ehna :had with river <atlu0 to utiliCe a gross head of )!* m with an installed capacity of
&, M5.
4roposed underground powerhouse shall be located in the @olomiteBlimestone, phyllite,
carbonaceous phyllites slates. ?arge solution cavities are present in the @olomiteBlimestone.
Therefore, the underground powerhouse shall require elaborate support system and may face
heavy water inflow problems. 2or locating a surface powerhouse, terrace is not wide enough
to accommodate the proposed structure. This has been further discussed in ;hapter &.
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ALTERNATI3E ; I3
'nder this alternative, powerhouse is located on the left ban1 of river <atlu0, entire release
from tail race outfall of "athpa 9ha1ri 68 4ro0ect i.e. !*!.** cumecs will be utiliCed for
power generation. It envisages a 6ead #ace Tunnel $.% m diameter concrete lined, $$ 1m
long on left ban1 of river <atlu0 from 9ha1ri to "ogli. A long tailrace tunnel of around * .)
:ilometers is envisaged for releasing water bac1 to <utle0 river.
This alternative also envisages a surge shaft of about $$ m height and steel lined pressure
shaft of %.( m diameter, about ) m long and an underground power house on right ban1 of
"ogli :had i.e. on left ban1 of river <atlu0 and *.) 1m long tail race tunnel .thereby avoiding
crossing of the <atlu0 river/ 0oining <atlu0 river immediately dBs of @uttnagar on "6-))
opposite to the :urpan :had to utiliCe a gross head of $(+.% m with installed capacity of
about (() M5.
The power inta1e structure shall be located in a predominantly over burden covered area with
in 9eori-5angtu gneissic compleD i.e. mainly quartC mica schist. 2lat bedroc1 has been
proved by geophysical survey along the river ban1 above which the hill slopes are
completely under the cover of unconsolidated over burden comprising silty sandy soil with
boulders and roc1 fragments of quartC mica schist having a thic1ness of the order of %m.
About $ :m of initial water conductor system shall lie in the thic1 overburden covered area.
In addition poor roc1 condition in quartCite eDists along the thrusted contact .about % m/
ad0oining =arauni :had.
The length of the 6#T shall be around $$ :ms and will be driven through #ampur 3roup of
roc1s, predominantly white quartCite with minor greenish grey phyllites, ortho I amphilbolite
bodies and metabasics.
At the proposed powerhouse site, the "ogli :had flows through an antiformal valley with the
quartCite and phyllite dipping in opposite directions on the nala ban1s. A ma0or fault along
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the "ogli :had is also suspected. The phyllites on the right ban1 of the "ogli :had are
found to be structurally disturbed and wea1 for which lot of eDcavation and roc1 stabiliCation
problems are eDpected for the underground compleD.
In view of the above and as opined by 3eological <urvey of India, this proposal is li1ely to
encounter problematic geological conditions i.e. ma0or fault in the shape of thic1 crushed
Cone at =arauni :had and structurally disturbed wea1 nature of roc1s in the power house
area. Therefore on geo-technical grounds, this alternative is not feasible for further studies.
ALTERNATI3E ; 3
This Alternative comprise almost all the features of alternative-II but involves pic1ing up
additional water from <atlu0 river at a point about % m downstream of its inter section with
:a0o :had. It is thus proposed to utiliCe this additional water of about $% cumecs besides
the entire tail water of "athpa 9ha1ri 6ydroelectric 4ro0ect i.e. !*!.** cumecs and a head
race tunnel $%.* 1m long and $.$%B$.% m diameter from 9ha1ri to surge shaft as in
alternative II and another tunnel of &.) m diameter parallel to the above tunnel for carrying
additional discharge diverted from river <atlu0 downstream of 9ha1ri by constructing a pic1
up dam and underground de silting chambers, the two tunnels meeting at surge shaft. 2rom
surge shaft, underground steel lined pressure shaft of about ) m length feed surface power
house located near village =ayal, with twin tail race tunnel of about $ 1m long carrying water
to a point near the confluence of :urpan :had with river <atlu0 opposite @uttnagar .on "6-
))/ to utiliCe a gross head of $!*.+ m with installed capacity of %+( M5 and a design
discharge of %!!.** cumecs.
The geo technical features of this proposal are similar to those for the alternative II. The
difference lies in the introduction of a diversion dam across the <atlu0, proposed between
=arauni :had and :a0o :had, downstream of the tailrace tunnel outfall at 9ha1ri. The
proposal involves de-silting arrangement for the diverted river discharge and an additional
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headrace tunnel parallel to the one under proposal for alternative II. The two tunnels are
proposed to be merged suitably near surge shaft.
The additional features are the pic1 up dam .similar to the one at "athpa which is about )
1m uBs/, inta1e for around $% cumecs of monsoon water, a second water conductor system
of &.) m diameter and de-silting chambers. The geology of the area is generally the same as
discussed in alternative II above.
ALTERNATE 3I
This alternative contemplates the construction of a pic1up gravity dam with a dam toe
powerhouse near Aillage =ayal so as to utiliCe the entire releases of 9ha1ri powerhouse
besides the additional waters generated from the intermediate catchment area. The height of
the dam above the river bed need be around $( meters so as to fully utiliCe the available
head between 9ha1ri powerhouse and Aillage =ayal. The length of the dam at the top shall be
more than & meters at this location.
2urther, such a scheme does not appear in the master plan of J6>@#K 4K58#
@8A8?K4M8"T I" <'T?89 =A<I" prepared by ;entral 8lectricity Authority, Ministry
of 4ower, 3overnment of India during <eptember )(.
Kn account of the reasons enumerated above, this alternative will face a number of
sociological and environmental problems and has not been considered fit for further
studyBeDamination.
In this alternative large portion of #ampur Township =row "ogli and other village will have
to be displaced. A wide stretch of arable land will get submerged. "early three main bridge,
the "ational 6ighway between :haneri and "irsu on left ban1 and #ampur by pass road on
#ight ban1 as also the lin1 roads on the two ban1 will also be affected. In addition ).% M5
"ogli 4ower station and transmission towers will get submerged. About $ ha of land on
right ban1 owned by Army will also drawn in water. =esides the foregoing losses, additional
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arrangement for desilting shall again be required to be made. The advantage of using desilted
water will be lost.
1.6 OB2ECTI3ES OF THE STUDY
The purpose of 8nvironmental Impact Assessment .8IA/ is to assist in the decision ma1ing
process and to ensure that the pro0ect options under consideration are environmentally sound and
sustainable. 8IA identifies the ways of improving pro0ect environmentally by preventing,
minimiCing, mitigating or compensating for adverse impacts.
5ater resources pro0ects are among the most sensitive of all development pro0ects in terms of
pervasivity of their influence in altering environmental resources. <ince, they cause a ma0or
alteration in the hydrologic regime of the watershed involved, they often result in mar1ed
alteration of the pro0ect and these effects may continue for downstream to the area of final
discharge of the stream and beyond. <uch pro0ects usually result in establishment of new
access routes and acceleration of encroachment into upstream areas in the watershed,
resulting in impacts on various facets of environment.
:eeping above issues under considerations, an 8nvironmental Impact Assessment .8IA/
study is conducted which incorporates into development H planning process, a plan for
environmental protection and conservation. The procedure identifies the possible positive and
negative impacts on the environment li1ely to emanate as a result of construction and
operation of a pro0ect. The 8IA thus, provides for a plan which, upon implementation, will
reduce or offset the negative impacts of a pro0ect resulting in a minimum level of
environmental degradation. This minimiCation may be a result of implementation of a pro0ect
alternative or pro0ect modifications or environmental protection measures which simply
reduces the severity or number or magnitude of negative impacts. The plan may also result in
utiliCation of positive impacts for enhancement measures which offset negative impacts.
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To measure the level of plan implementation and the degree of effectiveness of the above
environmental protection provisions, the 8IA provides a monitoring programme. This
programme is so designed that it identifies the parameters of uncertainty and measures the
related impacts.
It is necessary that there is close integration of 8IA with various aspects of a pro0ect
including financial, institutional and engineering aspects which ensures environmental
consideration are given due weight in pro0ect selection, siting design and operation.
Analysis of past eDperiences indicate that it is necessary to eDamine a number of problem
areas in order to ensure that environmental concerns can be effectively integrated in the
development process. <imilar approach has been adopted while conducting the 8IA study for
the proposed increase in dam height of #ampur hydroelectric pro0ect.
1.4 STUDY AREA
The study area covered for the proposed 8IA study is the area upto + 1m upstream of inta1e +
1m downstream of proposed power house, the + 1m on both side of the river and other
appurtenances of the pro0ect.
The study area map is enclosed as 2igure-$.(. The administrative divisions coming within the
study area include #ampur tehsil in the district <himla and Ani tehsil in district :ullu.
1.< STAGES IN AN EIA STUDY
The purpose of this section is to enumerate the methodology for 8nvironmental Impact
Assessment <tudy .8IA/ which has been followed for this study. The various steps in
conducting an 8IA are given in following paragraphs.
S,op#"9 G An eDhaustive list of all li1ely impacts drawing information from as many
sources as possible was prepared. As a neDt step, a manageable number of attributes which
may have significant implication for the study were selected. Aarious criteria applied for
selection of the important impacts were as followsG
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- magnitudeL
- eDtentL
- significance, and
- special sensitivity.
B$(%#" (!'dy G =efore the start of the pro0ect, it is essential to ascertain the baseline levels
of appropriate environmental parameters which could be significantly affected by the
implementation of the pro0ect. In the present 8IA study, the planning of baseline survey
emanated from shortlisting of impacts prepared during identification. The baseline
study involved both field wor1 and review of eDisting documents, which is necessary
for identification of data which may already have been collected for other purposes.
I+p$,! prd#,!#o" G is essentially a process to forecast the future environmental
conditions of the pro0ect area that might be eDpected to occur because of the construction and
implementation of the planned pro0ect activities. 2or tangible impacts, e.g. impacts on water
quality, air quality, noise levels, quantitative assessment was made. 6owever, for non-
tangible impacts, e.g. impacts on ecological or social aspects, qualitative assessment has been
made.
E"&#ro"+"!$% M$"$9+"! P%$" G The approach while formulating the 8nvironmental
Management 4lan .8M4/ was to maDimiCe the positive environmental impacts and
minimiCing the negative ones. After selection of suitable environmental mitigation measures,
costs of implementation is estimated, to get a clear idea of their cost-effectiveness.
E"&#ro"+"!$% Mo"#!or#"9 Pro9r$++ G A post-pro0ect 8nvironmental Monitoring
4rogramme has also been suggested to oversee the environmental safeguards, to
ascertain the agreement between prediction and reality and to suggest remedial measures
not foreseen during the planning stage but arising during operation and to generate data for
further use.
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SJVNL EIA STUDY FOR RAMPUR H.E.
PROJECT,
H.P.
1.= OUTLINE OF THE REPORT
The contents of the study are arranged as follows G
C-$p!r 1 The ;hapter gives an overview of the need for the pro0ect and hydro-power
potential of river <atlu0 and the state of 6imachal 4radesh. A summary of the policy, legal
and administrative framewor1 for environmental clearance is also included. The ob0ectives
and need for 8IA study too have been covered as a part of this ;hapter.
C-$p!r 2 A brief write-up on various pro0ect appurtenances, construction schedule and
related aspects have been covered in this ;hapter.
C-$p!r 8 =aseline environmental conditions including physical, biological and socio-
economic parameters, resource base and infrastructure have been described in this ;hapter.
=efore the start of the pro0ect, it is essential to ascertain the baseline conditions of appropriate
environmental parameters which could be significantly affected by the implementation of the
pro0ect. The baseline setting has been described for parameters identified through a scoping
eDercise. The baseline study involved both field wor1 and review of eDisting documents,
which were already prepared in connection with pro0ect conceptualiCation, planning and
design.
C-$p!r : Anticipated positive and negative impacts as a result of the construction and
operation of the proposed #ampur hydroelectric pro0ect are covered as a part of this ;hapter.
The ;hapter attempts to forecast the future environmental conditions of the pro0ect area that
might be eDpected to occur as a result of the construction and operation of the proposed
hydroelectric pro0ect.
C-$p!r 6 > <ocio-8conomic aspects including demographic profile, occupational pattern,
infrastructure details of the study area have been covered. Aarious norms and guidelines
outlined "ational 4olicy on #esettlement and #ehabilitation of 4ro0ect Affected 2amilies -
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SJVNL EIA STUDY FOR RAMPUR H.E.
PROJECT,
H.P.
)( ."4##-)(/ have been outlined. The ;hapter then delineates a #esettlement and
#ehabilitation 4lan for various 4ro0ect Affected 2amilies.
C-$p!r 4 8nvironmental Management 4lan .8M4/ for amelioration of anticipated adverse
impacts li1ely to accrue as a result of the proposed pro0ect is outlined in this ;hapter. The
approach for formulation of an 8nvironmental Management 4lan .8M4/ was to maDimiCe the
positive environmental impacts and minimiCe the negative ones. After selection of suitable
environmental mitigation measures, the cost required for implementation of various
management measures is also estimated, to have an idea of their cost-effectiveness.
C-$p!r < 8nvironmental Monitoring 4rogramme for implementation during pro0ect
construction and operation phases has been delineated in this ;hapter. The ob0ective of
environmental monitoring programme is to assess the adequacy of various environmental
safeguards and to compare the predicted and actual scenario during construction and
operation phases. This enables suggestion of remedial measures not foreseen during the
planning stage but arising during these phases.
C-$p!r = ;ost for implementation of the 8nvironmental Management 4lan .8M4/ and the
8nvironmental Monitoring 4rogramme has been summariCed as a part of this ;hapter.
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