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REPUBLIC

ACT No. 3046


(as amended by RA 5446)
AN ACT DEFINE THE BASELINES OF THE TERRITORIAL SEA OF THE PHILIPPINES.
WHEREAS, the Constitution of the Philippines describes the national territory as
comprising all the territory ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Paris concluded
between the United States and Spain on December 10, 1898, the limits of which are set
forth in Article III of said treaty, together with all the islands embraced in the treaty
concluded at Washington, between the United States and Spain on November 7, 1900,
and in the treaty concluded between the United States and Great Britain on January 2,
1930, and all the territory over which the Government of the Philippine Islands
exercised jurisdiction at the time of the adoption of the Constitution;
WHEREAS, all the waters within the limits set forth in the above-mentioned treaties
have always been regarded as part of the territory of the Philippine Islands;
WHEREAS, all the waters around, between and connecting the various islands of the
Philippines archipelago, irrespective of their width or dimension, have always been
considered as necessary appurtenances of the land territory, forming part of the inland
or internal waters of the Philippines;
WHEREAS, all the waters beyond the outermost islands of the archipelago but within
the limits of the boundaries set forth in the aforementioned treaties comprise the
territorial sea of the Philippines;
WHEREAS, the baselines from which the territorial sea of the Philippines is determined
consist of straight lines joining appropriate points of the outermost islands of the
archipelago; and
WHEREAS, the said baselines should be clarified and specifically defined and described
for the information of all concerned; Now, therefor,
Section 1. The baselines for the territorial sea of the Philippines are hereby defined and
described specifically as follows:

Y'ami Island
(E)
Line 1 (Yami I.
(E.)
Tumaruk Rk.)

N. Latitude
2107'03"

E. Longitude
12157'24"

Asimuth
35327'

Distance in
Meters
71,656

Tumaruk Rk.
Line 2
(Tumaruk Rk.
Balintang
Is.)

2028'28"

12202'06"

34713'

58,105

Balintang
Island
Line 3
(Balingtang
Is. Didicas
Rk.)

1957'45"

12209'28"

37505'

97,755

1904'50"
Didicas Rk.
Line 4 (Didicas
Rk. - Iligan Pt.)

12212'18"

35039'

86,155

Iligan Pt.
Line 5 (Iligan
Pt. - Ditolong
Pt.)

1818'45"

12220'15"

35123'

136,030

Ditolong Pt.
Line 6
(Ditolong Pt. -
Diviuisa Pt.)

1705'50"

12231'44"

1656'

34,378

Diviuisa Pt.
Line 7
(Diviuisa Pt. -
Dijohan Pt.)

1648'00"

12226'06"

2101'

57,781

Dijohan Pt.
Line 7a
(Dijohan Pt. -
Bulubalik Pt.)

1618'45"

12214'28"

1052'

142,360

1502'56"
Bulubalik Pt.
Line 8
(Bulubalik Pt. -

12159'30"

30015'

120,986

Tinaga I.)
1429'45"

12257'40"

28627'

148,690

Horadaba Rks. 1406'41"


Line 10
(Horadaba
Rks.
Matulin Rk.)

12416'54"

30634'

1,083

Matulin Rk.
Line 11
(Matulin Rk. -
Atalaya Pt.)

1406'20"

12417'23"

33146'

178,480

Atalaya Pt.
Line 11a
(Atalaya Pt. -
Finch Rk.)

1240'59"

12504'02"

31330'

22,268

Finch Rk.
Line 12 (Finch
Rk. - SE of
Manjud Pt.)

1232'40"

12512'57"

31356'

12,665

SE Manjud pt. 1227'54"


Line 12a (SE of
Manjud Pt. -
Sora Cay)

12517'59"

32227'

14,225

1221'47"

12522'46"

32103'

22,793

Tinaga I.
Line 9 (Tinaga
I. - Horadaba
Rks.)

Sora Cay
Line 13 (Sora
Cay - Bunga
Pt.)

Bunga Pt.
Line 13a
(Bunga Pt. -
Tubabao I.)

1212'10"

12530'40"

33150'

12,686

Tubabao I.
Line 14
(Tubabao I. -
Tugnug Pt.)

2306'06"

12533'58"

35522'

83,235

Tugnug Pt.
Line 15
(Tugnug Pt. -
Suluan I.)

1121'06"

12537'40"

33103'

75,326

Suluan Island
Line 16
(Suluan I. -
Tuason Pt.)

1045'20"

12557'40"

34751'

107,070

Tuason Pt.
Line 17
(Tuason Pt. -
Cauit Pt.)

948'33"

12610'00"

35525'

55,415

Cauit Pt.
Line 18 (Cauit
Pt. Arangasa
Is.)

918'35"

12612'25"

34244'

49,703

Arangasa Is.
Line 19
Arangasa Is. -
Quinablangan
I.)

852'50"

12620'28"

34840'

131,330

Quinablangan 742'58"
I.
Line 19a
(Quinablangan

12634'30"

35308'

25,619

I. - Above
Languyan R.)
729'10"

12636'10"

35652'

22,489

716'59"
Pusan Pt.
Line 21 (Pusan
Pt. - Tuguban
Pt.)

12636'50"

2639'

36,259

659'24"
Tuguban Pt.
Line 22
(Tuguban Pt. -
Cape S.
Agustin N.)

12628'00"

2033'

83,350

617'03"
Cape San
Agustin (N)
Line 22a (Cape
S. Agustin (N)
Cape San
Agustin (S)

12612'08"

3016'

1,707

Cape San
Agustin (S)
Line 23 (Cape
S. Agustin (S)
Panguil
Bato Pt.)

616'15"

12611'40"

3923'

125,100

Panguil Bato
Pt.
Line 23a
(Panguil Bato
Pt. - Tapundo

523'45"

12528'42"

6632'

7,484

Above
Languyan R.
Line 20
(Above
Languyan R.
Pusan Pt.)

Pt.)
522'08"
Tapudo Pt.
Line 24
(Tapundo Pt. -
Manamil I.)

12524'59"

8919'

7,667

522'05"

12520'50"

13901'

3,051

523'20"
Balut I. (W)
Line 25 (Balut
I. (W) - Middle
of 3 Rk.
Awash)

12519'45"

12447'

149,840

Middle of 3
Rk. Awash
Line 26
(Middle of 3
Rk. Awash
Tongquil I.)

609'39"

12413'02"

8618'

259,400

Tongquil I.
Line 27
(Tongquil I. -
Sumbasumba
I.)

600'15"

12152'45"

6129'

115,950

Sumbasumba 530'10"
I.
Line 28
(Sumbasumba
I. - Kinapusan
Is.)

12057'35"

4319'

44,445

512'37"

12041'05"

6314'

101,290

Manamil I.
Line 24a
(Manamil I. -
Balut I. (W)

Kinapusan Is.
Line 29

(Kinapusan Is.
- Manuk
Manka I.)
Manuk Manka 447'50"
I.
Line 30
(Manuk
Manka I. -
Frances Reef)

11952'10"

5830'

80,847

424'54"

11914'54"

13434'

29,330

436'04"
Bajapa Reef
Line 32
(Bajapa Reef) -
Panguan I.)

11903'36"

16405'

13,480

Panguan I.
Line 33
(Panguan I. -
Omapoy I.)

443'06"

11901'36"

23848'

42,470

Omapoy I.
Line 34
(Omapoy I. -
Sanga-Sanga
I.)

455'02"

11921'15"

24611'

51,005

Sanga-Sanga I. 506'12"
Line 35
(Sanga-Sanga
I. - Pearl Bank)

11946'30"

17005'

80,200

549'04"
Pearl Bank
Line 36 (Pearl
Bank - Baguan

11939'01"

10313'

137,050

Frances Reef
Line 31
(Frances Reef
- Bajapa Reef)

I.)
606'00"

11826'42"

7652'

15,535

604'05"
Taganak I.
Line 37
(Taganak I. -
Gt.
Bakkungaan O

11818'30"

11839'

24,805

Gt.
Bakkungaan
Line 37a (Gt.
Bakkungaan -
Sibaung I.)

610'32"

11806'42"

13604'

18,470

Sibaung I.
Line 38
(Sibaung - I.
Muligi I.

617'45"

11759'45"

21536'

79,915

Mulugi I.
Line 39
(Mulugi I. -
Mangsee Is.)

653'00"

11825'00"

11914'

140,541

730'10"
Mangsee Is.
Line 39a
(Mangsee Is. -
Cape Melville)

11718'20"

13450

48,815

Cape Melville 748'50"


Line 40 (Cape
Melville - Ligas
Pt.)

11659'30"

15354'

15,665

Baguan I
Line 36a
(Banguan I. -
Taganak I.)

Ligas Pt.
Line 41 (Ligas
Pt. - Cay)

756'28"

11655'45"

17040'

5,666

Cay
Line 41a (Cay-
Secam I.)

759'30"

11655'15"

20452'

22,925

Secam I.
Line 42
(Secam I. - N.
of Canipan
Bay)

810'47"

11700'30"

20909'

54,900

N. of Canipan
Bay
Line 43 (N. of
Canipan Bay
Tatub Pt.)

836'50"

11715'06"

21857'

18,570

844'40"
Tatub Pt.
Line 44 (Tatub
Pt. - Punta
Baja)

11721'28"

22204'

45,125

902'50"
Punta Baja
Line 45 (Punta
Baja -
Malapackun
I.)

11737'58"

22330'

32,194

Malapackun I. 915'30"
Line 46
(Malapackun
I. - Piedras Pt.)

11750'04"

22550'

148,260

11848'18"

20319'

124,900

Piedras Pt.
Line 47
(Piedras Pt. -

1011'28"

Tapuitan I.)
1113'40"

11915'28"

20847'

136,590

1218'34"
Pincle Rk.
Line 49
(Pinnacle Rk. -
Cape Calavite

11951'45"

20040'

134,230

1326'40"

12018'00"

14812'

58,235

1353'30"
Cabra I.
Line 51 (Cabra
I. - Capones
Is.)

12000'58"

17926'

113,400

Capones Is.
Line 52
(Capones Is. -
Pa-Lauig Pt.)

1455'00"

12000'20"

16809'

58,100

Palauig Pt.
Line 53
(Palauig. -
Hermana
Mayor I.)

1525'50"

11953'40"

16417'

40,870

Hermana
Mayor I.
Line 53a
(Hermana
Mayor
Tambobo Pt.)

1547'10"

11947'28"

16710'

20,490

Tapuitan I.
Line 48
(Tapuitan I. -
Pinnacle Rk.)

Cape Calavite
Line 50 (Cape
Calavite -
Cabra I.)

1558'00"

11944'55"

18143'

22,910

1610'25"
Rena Pt.
Line 54a (Rena
Pt. - Cape
Bolinao

11945'18"

19139'

18,675

Cape Bolinao
Line 55 (Cape
Bolinao -
Darigayos Pt.)

1620'20"

11947'25"

22620'

80,016

Darigayos Pt.
Line 56
(Darigayos Pt.
- Dile Pt.)

1650'15"

12020'00"

17958'

81,616

1734'30"
Dile Pt.
Line 56a (Disle
Pt. - Pinget I.)

12019'58"

18827'

12,060

1740'58"

12020'58"

19246'

27,170

1755'20"
Badoc I.
Line 57 (Badoc
I. - Cape
Bojeador)

12024'22"

19503'

65,270

Cape Bojeador 1829'30"


Line 58 (Cape
Bojeador -
Dalupiri I.)

12034'00"

22216'

101,740

Tambobo Pt.
Line 54
(Tambobo Pt.
- Rena Pt.)

Pinget I.
Line 56b
(Pinget I. -
Badoc I.)

Dalupiri I.
Line 59
(Dalupiri I. -
Catanapan
Pt.)

1910'15"

12113'02"

21329'

25,075

Catanapan Pt.
Line 60
(Catanapan
Pt. - Dequey
I.)

1921'35"

12120'56"

20227'

116,870

Dequey I.
Line 61
(Dequey I. -
Raile)

2920'06"

12146'35"

18047'

42,255

2043'00"
Raile
Line 62 (Raile -
Y'ami I. (W)

12146'55"

20030'

48,140

2107'26"
Y'ami I.(W)
Line 63 (Y'ami
I. (W) - Y'ami I.
(M)

12156'39"

23840'

237

Y'ami I. (M)
Line 64 (Y'ami
I.(M) - Y'ami I.
(E)

2107'30"

12156'46"

30708'

1,376

Y'ami I. (E)

2107'03"

12157'24"


Section 2. All waters within the baselines provided for in Section one hereof are
considered inland or internal waters of the Philippines.
Section 3. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Approved: June 17, 1961.