Name:___________________________________

Band:________

Calculus | Packer Collegiate Institute FURTHERING our understanding of Basic Derivatives 1(a). Carefully sketch the graph of f ( x) = x 2 − 5 x + 4 and g ( x) = −2 x + 3 . Find the value(s) of x at which the graphs have parallel tangent lines. 1(b). Using your graphing calculators, graph f ( x) = 3 x 2 − 5 x + 1 and g ( x) = x 3 − 2 x 2 + x − 3 . Find the value(s) of x at which the graphs have parallel tangent lines. 2 (a). Determine coefficients a and b such that p ( x) = x 2 + ax + b satisfies p (1) = 0 and p '(1) = 4 . 2 (b). Determine coefficients a , b and c such that f (t ) = at 2 + bt + c satisfies f (1) = 1 , f '(1) = 2 , and f ''(1) = 3 . 3. Biologists have observed that the pulse rate P (in beats per minute) in animals is related to body mass (in kilograms) by the approximate formula P = 200m −1/4 . This is one of many allometric scaling laws prevalent in biology. (a). In general, the smaller the body mass of an animal, the ______________ the pulse rate of the animal. In general, the larger the body mass of an animal, the ______________ the pulse rate of the animal. (b). Is the absolute value | dP / dm | increasing or decreasing as m increases?
350.0

Pulse (beats/min)

300.0

Guinea Pig
250.0

200.0

150.0

100.0

Goat
50.0

Cattle M an

Mass (kg) (c). Find an equation of the tangent line at the points on figure that represent goat ( 50.0 m = 33 ) and man ( m = 68 ). 100.0 150.0 200.0 250.0 300.0 350.0 400.0 450.0 500.0

1

4 (a). Find the equation of the tangent line to the hyperbola xy = 1 (alternatively written 1 y = ) at x = 2 . Sketch the hyperbola and this tangent line. Find the area of the x triangle bounded by the tangent line, the x-axis, and the y-axis. 4 (b). Find the equation of the tangent line to the hyperbola xy = 1 (alternatively written 1 y = ) at x = 3 . Sketch the hyperbola and this tangent line. Find the area of the x triangle bounded by the tangent line, the x-axis, and the y-axis. 4 (c). Find the equation of the tangent line to the hyperbola xy = 1 (alternatively written 1 y = ) at x = a . Find the area of the triangle bounded by the tangent line, the x-axis, x and the y-axis. 5. The curve y = 1 is called the witch of Agnesi after the Italian mathematician Maria 1 + x2 Agnesi (1718-1799) who wrote one of the first books on calculus. This strange name is the result of a mistranslation of the Italian word la versiera meaning “that which turns.” Find the equations of the tangent lines at x = 1 and x = −1 .

6 (a). Calculate the derivative of f ( x) =

xe x . x2 + 1 xe x (b). Calculate the derivative of f ( x) = 2 x . [Hint: rewrite the denominator as e x e x .] e

7 (a). You learned that you can find an approximate derivative by picking two points really close to each other and finding the slope between them. Using this approximate method, find the derivative of the following functions at x = 0 . Round your answer to 3 decimal places. f ( x) = 2x f '(0) = f ( x) = e x f '(0) = f ( x ) = 3x f '(0) = f ( x) = 4x f '(0) = f ( x) = 5x f '(0) = f ( x) = 6 x f '(0) = f ( x) = 7 x f '(0) = f ( x) = 8x f '(0) = f ( x) = 9 x f '(0) =

(b). Approximate the following natural logarithms using your calculator, rounding to 3 decimal places. ln 2 = ln e = ln 3 = ln 4 = ln 5 = ln 6 = ln 7 = ln 8 = ln 9 =

2

3