You are on page 1of 9

RPPNDIC

VERBI IRREGOLARI INGLESII


1. Sono slati omessi i verbi rarissimamente usati.
Awertenza
-
"
significa che esiste anche la forma regolare, generalmente pi usata. .
738
Infinito Passato Participio passato
to abide
[e'baid]
to arise
le'raizl
to awake
[e'ueik]
to bear
[bee*]
to bear
[bea*]
to beat
[bi:t]
to become
[bi'knm]
to befall
[bi'fc:l]
to beget
[bi'get]
to begin
[bi'gin]
to behold
[bi'heuld]
to bend
[bend]
to bereave
[bi'ri:v]
to beseech
[bi'si:c]
to bet
[bet]
to bid
tbidl
to bind
tbaindl
to bite
[bait]
to bleed
[bli:d]
to blend
[blend]
to blow
[bleu]
to break
lbreik]
to breed
[bri:d]
to bring
lbrin]
to broadcast
['brc:dka:st]
to build
lbild]
to burn
[be:n]
to burst
[be:st]
to buy
[bai]
to cast
[ka:st]
to catch
[kec]
to chide
[caid]
to choose
[cu:z]
to cleave
[kli:vJ
to cling
lklin]
to clothe
[kleu]
to come
[knm]
to cost
lkcst]
dimorare
sorgere
svegliare
(rsi)
portare
generare
battere
dvenre
accadere
procreare
cominciare
osservare
piegare (rsi)
privare
supplicare
scommettere
:
comandare, offrre
pre zzo
legare
mordere
sanguinare
mescolare
soffiare
rompere (rsi)
allevare
portare
trasmettere (radio)
costrure
brucare
scoppiare
comprare
gettare,
fondere
acchappare, prendere
sgridare
sceglere
spaccare (rsi)
aggrapparsi
vestire
venre
costare
abode* [a,beud]
arose
[a'reuz]
awoke
[e'uauk]
bore
[bc:
*l
bore
[bc:
*]
beat
[bi:t]
became
[bi'keim]
befell
[bi'fel]
begot
[bi'gct]
began
[bi'gan]
beheld
lbi'held]
bent
lbent]
bereft
*
[bi'reft]
besought
[bi'sc:t]
bet
[bet]
bid
tbidl
bad(e)
lbeid]
'
bound
[baund]
bir
[bir]
bled
tbledl
blent*
[blent]
blew
[blu:]
broke
lbrauk]
bred
[bred]
brought
lbrc:t]
broadcast(ed)
['brc:dka:stid]
built
lbilt]
burnt
*
lbe:nt]
burst
[be:st]
bought
lbc:t]
cast
[ka:
st]
caught
[kc:t]
chid
[id]
chose
lcauz]
clove
[kleuv]
cleft
lkleft]
clung
[klnn]
clad*
[klred]
came
lkeim]
cost
[kcst]
[e'beud]
[a'riznl
[e'ueuk]
[e'ueikt]
[bc:n]
[bc:n]
['bi:tn]
lbi:tl
[bi'knm]
lbi'fc:len]
Ibi'gctn]
[bi'gnn]
[bi'held]
lbentl
Ibi'reft]
[bi'sc:t]
lbetl
tbidl
['bidn]
Ibauncij
['bitn]
lbirl
lbledl
lblentl
lbleunl
['breukenJ
lbraukl
lbredl
lbrc:t]
['brc:dka:st]
tbiltl
lbe:nt]
lbe:
st]
lbc:tl
[ka:st]
[kc:t]
['cidnJ
lcidl
['cauzn]
['kleuvn]
.[kleft]
lklnnl
lklredl
Ika,m]
lkcstl
abode
*
arisen
awoke
awaked
borne
born
beaten
beat
become
befallen
begotten
begun
beheld
bent
bereft
*
besought
bet
bid
bidden
bound
bitten
bit
bled
blent
*
blown
broken
broke
bred
brought
broadcast
built
burnt
*
burst
bought
cast
caught
chdden
chid
chosen
cloven
cleft
'
clung
clad*
come
cost
Infinito Passato Participio passato
to creep
to crow
to cut
to dare
to deal
to dg
to do
to draw
to dream
to drink
to drive
to dwell
to eat
to fall
to feed
to feel
to fight
to find
to flee
to fling
to fly
to forbear
to forbid
to forecast
to forego
to forget
to forgive
to forsake
to forswear
to freeze
to
get
to
give
to go
to grind
to grow
to hang
to hear
to heave
to hew
to hide
to hit
to hold
to hurt
to keep
to kneel
to knit
to know
to lade
to lay
crept
[krept]
crew
*
[kru:]
cut
[knt]
durst
*
lde:st]
dealt
[delt]
dus
[dng]
did
tdidl
drew
[dru:]
dreamt*
[dremt]
drank
ldrank]
drove
[dreuv]
dwelt
[duelt]
ate
[et,
eit]
fell
[fel]
fed
[fed]
felt
[felt]
fought
[fc:t]
found
lfaund]
fled
lfled]
flung
lflnn]
flew
[flu:]
forbore
[fa'bc:
*]
forbad(e)
[fc:'bad]
forecast*
['fc:ka:st]
forewent
[fc:'uent]
forgot
[fe'gct]
forgave
[fe'geiv]
forsook
[fe'suk]
forswore
[fc:'suc:
*]
froze
lfreuz]
got
[gct]
gave
lgeiv]
went
[uent]
ground
[graund]
grew
[gru:]
hung
[hnn]
heard
[he:d]
hove
*
[heuv]
hewed
lhjud:]
hid
thidl
lkreptl
lkreudl
[k,tt]
ldeedl
ldeltl
ldnel
ldnnl
ldrc:n]
ldremtl
ldrnnkl
['drivn]
ldueltl
['i:tn]
['fc:len]
lfedl
lfeltl
[fc:t]
lfaundl
[fled]
lflnn]
[fleun]
[fe'bc:n]
[fc:'bidn]
['fc:ka:st]
[fc:'gcn]
[fe'gctn]
lfe'givn]
lfe'seiken]
[fc:'suc:n]
['freuzn]
lectl
['gctn]
['givn]
[gc(:)n]
[graund]
[greun]
lhnnl
lhe:dl
lheuvl
lhju:nl
['hidn]
thidl
lhitl
lheldl
lhe:tl
lkeptl
lneltl
lnitl
[neun]
['leidn]
lleidl
lkri:pJ
lkreul
[k,rt]
ldea*I
ldi:ll
ldigl
ldu:l
[drc:]
[dri:mJ
ldrinkl
ldraivl
lduell
li:tl
lfc:ll
[fi:d]
lfi:l]
lfaitl
lfaindl
lfli:]
[flin]
[flai]
[fa'bea*]
[fc:'bid]
['fc:kast]
[fc:'geu]
[fe'get]
[fe'giv]
[fe'seik]
[fe:'suee*]
lfri:z]
leetl
lgiv
leeul
[graind]
[greu]
lhenl
lhio*I
[hi:vl
lhju:l
lhaidl
lhitl
lheuldl
lhe:tl
lki:pl
lni:ll
lnitll
[neu]
lleidl
lleil
strtscrure
cantare (del gallo)
tagliare
osare
trattare, trfficare
scavare
fare
trarre, disegnare
sognare
bere
spngere, condurre
(vecoli)
abtare
mangare
cadere
nutrire
sentire
(rsi)
combattere
trovare
fuggire
scagliare
volare,
fuggire
astenersi
proibire
prevedere
precedere
dimenticare
perdonare
abbandonare
aburare
gelare
ottettere
dare
andare
macnare
crescere, coltivare
appe n dere
udire
sollevare (oggetti pe.
santi)
fagliare
(con scure)
nascondere
colpire
tenere
far
male,
ferire
(man)tenere, conser-
vare
ingnocchiars i
lavorare a magla
conoscere, sapere
carcare
deporre
hir
held
hurt
kept
lhitl
lheldl
lhe:tl
lkeptl
crept
crowed
cut
dared
dealt
dug
done
drawn'
dreamt
*
drunk
driven
dwelt
eaten
faIIen
fed
felt
fought
found
fled
flung
flown
forborne
forbidden
forecast
*
foregone
forgotten
forgiven
forsaken
forsworn
frozen
got
gotten
given
gone
ground
grown
hung
heard
hove
*
hewn*
hidden
hid
hit
held
hurt
kept
knelt
knit
*
known
laden
Iaid
knelt
[nelt]
knt*
[nit]
knew
[nju:]
Iaded
['leidid]
laid
ileidl
739
Infinito Passato Participio passato
condurre, capeggare led
[ed]
appoggarsi leant
*
[ent]
saltare leapt
*
[ept]
mparare, apprendere learnt*
[e:nt]
showed
lJeud]
ritirarsi, restrngersi shrank
lJrenk]
chiudere shut
["fnt]
cantare sang
[sen]
sung
[snn]
(raro)
sprofondare, affondare sank
[srenk]
to
to
to
to
to show
to shrink
to shut
to sing
to snk
lli:dl
lli:nl
lli:pl
[e:n]
lead
lean
leap
Iearn
led
leant
*
leapt
t
learnt
*
learned
shown
shewn
shrunk
shut
sung
sunk
Ied]
Ient]
flept]
[e:nt]
['le:nid]
(agg.)
dotto
to Ieave
ui:vl
lasciare,
partre left
ueftl
left
ueftl
to lend
[end]
prestare lent
[ent]
lent
flentl
to let
[et]
lasciare, permettere let
fletl
let
[et]
to lie
[ai]
giacere lay
[ei]
Iain
[ein]
to light
[ait]
llumnare, accendere lit*
tlitl
tit*
Ilitl
to lose
ilu:zl
perdere
lost
ilcst]
lost
[cst]
to make
[meik] fare, fabbricare
made
[meid]
made
lmeid]
to mean
[mi:n]
significare, voler dire meant
[ment]
meant
[ment]
to meet
[mi:t]
incontrare
(rs)
met
[met]
met
[met]
to mistake
lmis'teik] fraintendere
mistook
[mis'tuk]
mistaken
[mis'teiken]
to mow
[meu] falcare
mowed
[meud]
mown*
[meun]
to pay
[pei]
pasare paid
[peid]
paid
[peid]
to put
[put]
mettere
put
[put]
put
[put]
to
quit
[kuit]
abbandonare
quit*
[kuitl
quit*
[kuit]
to read
[ri:d]
leggere read
[red]
read
[redl
to rid
[rid]
sbarazzare, liberare ridded
['ridid]
rid
[rid]
rid
[rid]
ridded
['ridid]
(raro)
to ride
[raid]
cavalcare rode
[reud]
ridrlen
['ridn]
to'ring
[rin]
suonare ang
[ran]
'
rung
[rr'0]
nmg
[r,rn]
(raro)
to rise
lraizl
sorgere rose
[reuz]
risen
l'riznl
to run
[rm]
correre ran
[ran]
run
[rm]
to saw
lscl
segare sawed
[sc:d]
sawn
[sc:n]
ro say
[sei]
dire said
[sed]
f["u
[sc:d] Garo)
to see
[si:]
vedere sary
[sc:J
seen
[si:n]
to seek
[si:k]
cercare sought
lsc:tl
sought
[sc:t]
to sett
[sel]
vendere sold
lseuld]
sold
[sould]
to send
[send]
mandare sent
lsent]
sent
[sent]
to set
[set]
porre set
[set]
set
[set]
to serv
[seu]
cucire sewed
[seud]
sewn*
[seun]
to slrake
Ueikl
scuotere shook
[Juk]
shaken
['Jeiken]
to shave
[Jeiv]
radere(rsi) shaved
[Jeivd]
shaved
[Jeivd]
shaven
['Jeivn]
to shear
[Jra*]
tosare sheared
lJiad]
shom
[Jc:n]
to shed
l.fedl
versare shed
["fed]
shed
[.fed]
to shine
[Jain]
splendere shone
["fcn]
shone
[Jcn]
to shoe
[Ju:] feruare
(cavalli)
shoil
t"tcdl
shod
t"tcdl
to shoot
[Ju:t]
sparare,
germogliare shot
t"tctl
shot
uctl
girare
ffilm)
mostrare
Ueul
ljrinkl
["]'nt]
lsiul
lsinkl
ljaunl
[Jaun]
ljra,Ukl
["]'nt]
lsnnJ
[snak]
740
Infinito Passato Participio
passato
to sit
[sit]
to slay
[slei]
to sleep
[sli
: p]
to slide
lslaid]
to sling
[slin]
to slink
[slink]
to slit
[slit]
to smell
[smell]
to smite
[smait]
lsrtl
[slu:]
lsleptl
lslidl
lslnnl
lslnnkl
lslenkl(raro)
lslitl
lsmeltl
[smeut]
lsmitl
(antiq.)
lsaudl
lspeukl
lspedl
lspeltl
[spent]
lspiltl
Ispnn]
lsprenl
lspretl
lspitl
(antiq.)
lsplitl
lspciltl
lspredl
lsprrenl
lstudl
Isteul]
lstnkl
[sta4]
lstrenkl
lstnnkl
[stru
:C]
[streird]
lstrnkl
[strq]
[streuv]
[suc:
*]
Isuet]
Isuept]
[sueld]
Isurem]
lsunt]I
lsure0l(raro)
ltukl
[tc:
t]
lsetl
lsleinl
lsleptl
lslidl
Islns]
[slnnk]
lslitl
lsmeltl
['smitn]
lsmitl
(antiq.)
Iseun]
['speuken]
[sped]
lspeltl
[spent]
lspiltl
[spnn]
lspretl
lspitl
(antiq.)
lsplitl
lspciltl
lspredl
[sprq]
lstudl
['steulen]
lstnkl
[st,rn]
lstnnkl
[stru:n]
['stridn]
lstridl
lstrnkl
Istr,rg]
['strivn]
[suc:
n]
lsuetl
lsueptl
['sueulan]
lsweldl
(raro)
Isunm]
[sunq]
['teiken]
to so\il
to speak
to speed
lseul
lspi:kl
lspi:dl
lsprinl
[strend]
lsti:ll
lstickl
lstinl
lstinkl
sat
slew
slept
slid
slung
slunk
slank
slit
smelt
smote
smit
sowed
spoke
sped*
spelt
*
spent
spilt
*
spun
span
spat
spit
split
spoilt
*
spread
sprang
stood
stole
stuck
stung
stank
stunk
strewed
strode
struck
strng
strove
swore
sweat
*
swept
swelled
swam
swung
swang
took
taught
sat
slain
slept
slid
slung
slunk
slit
smelt
smitten
smit
sown*
spoken
sped
*
spelt
*
spent
spilt
*
spun
spat
spit
split
spoilt
*
spread
sprung
stood
stolen
stuck
stung
stunk
strewn
*
stridden
strid
struck
strung
striven
sworn
sweat
*
swept
swollen
swelled
s\ilum
swung
taken
taught
to spell
[spel]
to spend
lspend]
to spill
lspill]
to spin
lspin]
to spit
lspitl
to split
[split]
to spoil
lspcil]
to spread
lspred]
sedere
trucidare
dormire
scivolare
scagliare
svignarsela
fendere
odorare, avere odore
colpire
seminare
parlare
andare svelto (lette-
rio), affrettare
compitare
spendere
versare
filare
sputare
spaccore
(rs)
sciupare
dffindere (rsi), sten-
dere (rsi)
saltare, scaturire
stare ritto, ergerst
rubare
attaccare (rsi)
pungere (di insetti)
puzzare
sporgere
camminare a lunghi
passi
colpire,
fare
scopero
legare con corda, in-
filare
(perle, ecc.)
Iottare, s.forzars
giurare, imprecere
sudare
spozzare
gonfiare
nuotare
dondolare, oscllare
prendere, portare,
condurre
insegnare
to spring
to stand
to steal
to stick
to sting
to stink
to strew
[stru:]
to strde
[straid]
to strike
[straik]
to string
[strip]
to strive
[straiv]
to swear
[suee*]
to sweat
[suetJ
to sweep
[sui:p]
to swell
lsuell
to swim
[suim]
to swing
[suiq]
to take
[teik]
to teach
[ti:c] ltc
rl
741
Infinito Passato Participio passato
strappare, Iacerare tore [tc:
*]
dre, raccontare told
lteuldl
pensare thought
[0c:
t]
prosperere throve
[Oreuv]
thrived
[0raivd]
gettare, buttare threw
[Oru:]
ficcare,
spingere thrust
[Ornst]
pestare, calpestare trod
ltrcd]
comprendere understood
torn
[tc:n]
told lteuld]
thought
[0c:t]
thriven
['0rivn]
thrved
[0raivd]
thrown
[0reun]
thrust
lOmst]
trodden
['trcdn]
understood
t'^nde'stud]
woke*
[uauk]
woken
['ueuken]
worn
[uc:n]
woven
['uauvn]
wept
[ueptJ
rvon
[unn]
wound
[uaund]
worked
[ue:kt]
wrought
[rc:t]
(raro)
wrung
[rnn]
written
['ritn]
to tear
ltea*l
to tell
[tel]
to think
[eink]
to thrive
[0raiv]
to throw
l0reul
to thrust
[Orast]
to tread
ltred]
to understand
to wear
[uee*]
to weave
[ui:v]
to weep
lui:pJ
to win
[uin]
to wind
[uaind]
to work
[ue:kl
to wring
[rin]
to write
[rait]
['nnde'stud]
lueukl
[uc:
*l
[uauv]
lueptl
Iunn]
luaundl
[ua:kt]
lrc:
t] (raro)
[r,rn]
[reut]
['nnde'stand]
wake
lueikl
svegliare (rsi) woke*
portare, ndossare wore
tessere wove
piangere
wept
vincere won
serpeggiare, avvolgere wound
lavorare,
funzionare
worked
wrought
torcere wrung
scrivere wrote
FORME CONTRATTE
To be
Presente
Forme affermative Forme negative Forme interrogative negative
Itm I am I'm not I am not aren't I? am I not?
\anche:
ain't I?)
youtre you
are
you arentt you are not arentt you?
are you nt?
(anche: you're not)
he's he is he isn't he is not isn't he? is he not?
(anche:
he's not)
she's she is she isn't she is not isnot she? is she not?
(anche:
shets not)
it's it is it isn't it is not isn't it? is it not?
(anche: it's not)
lvetre we are we arentt we are not arentt we? are we not?
(anchez we're not)
you're you
are
you arentt
you are not aren't
you?
are you not?
(anche: you're not)
theytre they are tey aren't they are not aren't they? are they not?
(anche: they're not)
there's there is there isn't there is not isn't there?
"
is not there?
(anche: there's not)
742
To have
To do
To be
To have
Passato
Forme affermative Forme negative Forme interrogative negative
I'ye I have I haven't I have not haven't I? have I not?
(anche: I've not)
youtve you have you haventt you have not haven't
you? have you not?
(anche: you've not)
he's he has he hasn't he has not hasn't he? he has not?
(anche: he's not)
ecc. ecc. ecc.
Forme affermative Forme negative Forme interrogative negative
Ido
you do
he does
ecc.
I don't I do not don't I ? do I not ?
you don't you do not don't you? do you not?
he doesn't he does not doesn't he? does he not?
ecc. ecc
Forme affermative F'orme negative Forme interrogative negative
I was I wasn't I was not wasn't I? was I not?
you were you
werentt
you
were not weren't you?
were you not?
he was
he wasn't he was not wasn't he? was he not?
eCC.
eCC. eCC.
Forme affermative Forme negative Forme interrogative negative
I'd
you'd
hetd
ecc.
I had
you had
he had
I hadn't
you hadn't
he hadn't
ecc.
I had not
you had not
he had not
hadn't I? had I not?
hadn't you ? had you not ?
hadn't he ? had he not ?
ecc.
743
To do
should - would
Forme affermative Forme fegafi"q Forme interrogative negative
r did
you
did
he did
I didn't
you didn't
he didn't
ecc.
I did not
you did not
he did not
didn't I? did I not?
didn't you?
did you not?
didn't he? did he not?
ecc. ecc.
Forme negative
I shouldn't
you
wouldn't
he
she t wouldn't
it)
ecc.
Forme affermative
I should, I would
you would
he
she t would
itl
I should not
you would not
hel
she I would not
it)
rd
youtd
he'd
she'd
it'd
ecc.
shall - will
Forme affermative
I'll Ishall, Iwill
you'll you will, you shall
he'll he will, he shall
she'll she will, she shall
it'll it will, it shall
we'll we shall, we will
they'll they will, they shall
Forme negative
I shan't
you wontt
he wontt
she won't
it won't
we shantt
they won't
I wontt
you shan't
he shan't
she shantt
it shan't
we wontt
they shan't
I shall not, I will not
you will not, you
shall not
he will not, he shall not
she will not, she shall not
it will not, it shall not
we shall not, we will not
they will not, they shall not
altre forme
Forme affermative Forme negative
that's
whatts
letns
cantt
couldn't
that is
what is
let us
can not
could not
mayntt
mightn't
mustntt
oughtn't
needntt
may not
might not
must not
ought not
need not
744
MEASUREMENTS
Length
inch (in.)
foot (ft.)
yard (vd)
mile (m.)
2.54 cm.
30.48 cm.
9l .44 cm.
1609.3 m.
28.35 g.
454 g.
6.36 kg.
50.84 kg.
1008 kg.
Weght
ounce
(oz.)
pound (1b.)
stone (st.)
hundredweight
(cwt.)
ton (t.)
Capacty
pint (pt.)
quart (qt.)
gallon (gal.)
0.57
l.l4
4.55
SUBJECTS FOR COMPOSITIONS
1) My
famly
2) A
frend
of mne
3) My
frends
4) Apersonladmre
5) An anmal I lke
6) An anmal I hate
7) My
favourtte
hobby
8) My
favourite
sport
9) What I do after I get
up
10) What I wll do tomonow
1I) What I wll do next Sunday
12) What I dd yesterday
13) What I dd last Sunday
14) My plans
.for
the comng holdays
15) A party
16) An excurson
17) A trip
18) A trip abroad
19) A pcnic
20) A storm
Temperature
One degree Fahrenheit
(1"F) 9l5oC
Freezing point (0oC) 32oF
Blood temperature (37.4oC) 98oF
Boiling point of water (100oC; 2l2oF
21) A dream
22) A book I have read
23) A
flm
I have seen
24) What I lke to talk about
25) What I want to be when I am grown-ttp
26) Television
27) A sketch of myself
2S) A vst to the zoo
zil A vist to a museum
30) A visit to a bS
lown
31) A vst to the doctor
32) A robbery at a bank
33) A shoppng expedton
34) The thngs that get on my nerves
35) I hate wor
36) Newspapers and magazines
37) My town
38) Talkng about adults
39) If I were a teacher
40) The end of somethng
l.
l.
l.
The Centrigrade Sysfem is gradually
both units.
replacing the Fahrenheif System. Temperatures are at present given in
745