English Basics

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Synonyms
Synonyms are words that have the same or similar meanings. Note the highlighted word in each selection. Underline its synonym. The first one has been done for you.

1. This law is far from perfect. We need to change parts of it to make it fair. Unfortunately, it’s difficult to amend a law. 2. That woman’s remarks are always rude! Why can’t she keep her comments to herself? 3. Don’t expend too much energy on that game or you won’t have enough left to use on homework. 4. You shouldn’t make a big deal about Sam’s errors when you haven’t even corrected your own mistakes! 5. I’ll create a new account for you if you make a list of features you want it to have. 6. Carefully observe the behavior of John’s sister Ashley. If you study her actions, you’ll understand why John says she’s weird. 7. Jordan is a very smart girl. She’s intelligent enough to solve puzzles that some adults can’t handle. 8. The smell of your shoes is a most unpleasant odor. 9. The smell of that flower is a very pleasant fragrance.

English Basics
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The Real Verb
Sometimes the same word can be a noun, verb, or adjective, depending on how that word is used. Note the two underlined words in each selection and draw a ring around the verb.

1. Did I dream about you? It was more like a nightmare than a dream! 2. The spy decided that he would never poison himself. In spite of that decision, he continued to carry a poison pill in his shoe. 3. I can’t cover the pot until I find the cover! 4. Sam knew what question to ask first when it was his turn to question the suspect. 5. My old pickup truck is big enough to truck all the parts to the site in one trip. 6. Do you plan to sell your soap flavored health drink at a discount to members of the company’s health plan? 7. Did someone use dye to color this yellow paper or did it actually yellow with age?

English Basics
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Nouns as Adjectives
Sometimes words that are usually nouns can function as adjectives. This happens when the “noun” is used to define a noun. Underline the adjective in each sentence that is often a noun. The first one is done for you.

1. Karen always wipes her runny nose with paper towels. 2. Teasing a junkyard dog is a bad idea. 3. An intelligent person will never put his head into an empty pickle jar. 4. I hear that apple juice is a healthy drink. 5. Troy would like an onion sandwich with a touch of mustard. 6. Remind Kurt to stop eating cat food! 7. That’s what you get for using a glue stick as lipstick! 8. The chubby little frog refused to try the new beef diet. 9. Yes, there are automobile dealers you can trust.

English Basics
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The Real Noun
Sometimes the same word can be a noun, verb, or adjective, depending on how that word is used. Note the two underlined words in each sentence and draw a ring around the noun.

1. Please don’t use too much water when you water the lawn. 2. I’d say that there is a remote chance of finding the remote under the couch. 3. Is it a good trade when you trade your new shoes for a warm ice cream cone? 4. The drains get plugged every time Alfred drains the pools. 5. We can’t delay the trip any longer; it will be cancelled if there is any further delay. 6. We’ll treasure our memories of the quest even though we never found any buried treasure. 7. We must hire a brave and intelligent guard to successfully guard my priceless toenail collection!

Adjectives- positive & negative
Instructions: Does the adjective have a positive or a negative association? Q1 - Generous positive negative Q2 - Mean positive negative Q3 - Calm positive negative Q4 - Harmful positive negative Q5 - Harmless positive negative Q6 - Wise positive negative Q7 - Stupid positive negative Q8 - Foolish positive negative Q9 - Ugly positive negative Q10 - Unkind positive negative Q11 - Punctual positive negative Q12 - Fascinating positive negative Q13 - Free positive negative