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TOP 10

3G RAN Optimisation Actions


Version 0.4
TOP 10 3G Optimisation Actions
WCDMA optimisation, dominance, intererence,
t!ro"#!p"t
N$T%O&&%O& Perormance, 3G Radio Pro#ram
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 1 o '0
Table of contents
1. (ntrod"ction....................................................................................................................................... 3
'. Net)or* p+annin# r"+es or optim"m perormance.............................................................................3
3. Net)or* !ea+t! c!ec* ...................................................................................................................... 4
3.1 ,T& A+arms ca"sin# ,+oc*ed ce++s ............................................................................................. 4
3.1.1 -a"+t in O.M and D&P &W interace....................................................................................4
3.1.' ATM o/er+o)....................................................................................................................... 4
3.1.3 D&C01"s ai+"re.................................................................................................................... 4
3.1.4 2nit &W do)n+oad ai+ed...................................................................................................... 3
3.1.3 W&P R0,"s $rror................................................................................................................. 3
3.1.4 No Connection to 2nit.......................................................................................................... 3
3.' &ot)are and Parameter c!ec*s................................................................................................ 3
3.3 Nei#!1o"r Consistenc5 c!ec*s................................................................................................... 3
3.4 Ce++ +oad c!ec*s.......................................................................................................................... 3
3.3 RAN Co"nter and 6P( c!ec*s..................................................................................................... 4
3.3.1 Ce++ A/ai+a1i+it5..................................................................................................................... 4
3.3.' RRC set"p and access comp+ete ratio.................................................................................4
3.3.3 RA, set"p and access comp+ete ratio..................................................................................4
3.3.4 RA, drop ratio...................................................................................................................... 4
3.4 2$ Perormance c!ec*............................................................................................................... 7
4. Perormance c!ec* )it! -ie+d Meas"rements...................................................................................7
3. Top 10 optimisation acti/ities to impro/e ca++ perormance...............................................................8
3.1 Common Ca++ Perormance (ss"es.............................................................................................. 8
3.' Voice 9AMR: speciic perormance (ss"es.................................................................................10
3.3 Video Ca++ Perormance (ss"es................................................................................................. 11
3.4 P& Ca++ Perormance (ss"es..................................................................................................... 11
3.3 (&;O perormance.................................................................................................................... 14
4. Optimisation Too+s.......................................................................................................................... 14
4.1 No*ia App+ication <a"nc!er 9A<:............................................................................................... 14
4.1.1 RNW O1=ect ,ro)ser......................................................................................................... 14
4.1.' RNW On+ine Mana#ement.................................................................................................. 13
4.' No*ia P+an $ditor...................................................................................................................... 13
4.3 $O& Reportin# &o+"tion 9R&:.................................................................................................... 13
4.4 NetAct Reporter........................................................................................................................ 14
4.3 -ie+d Meas"rement Too+s 9-MT: .............................................................................................. 14
4.3.1 R- scanner......................................................................................................................... 14
4.3.' N$MO TOM Dri/e Test too+................................................................................................17
4.4 Acti> Ana+5sis too+..................................................................................................................... 18
7. Reerences..................................................................................................................................... 1?
8. G+ossar5.......................................................................................................................................... '0
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e ' o '0
1. INTR!"CTIN
T!e aim o t!is doc"ment is to s"mmari@e !o) to
(n/esti#ate t!e reasons or poor 3G radio perormance 9ca++ set0"p ai+"re, ca++ drop:,
Descri1e t!e potentia+ reasons
Propose actions to impro/e perormance 9as top 10 optimisation actions:
o ,ot! common and ser/ice speciic 9C& AMR, C& Video and P&:
T!is doc"ment can 1e "sed as net)or* pre0+a"nc! optimisation c!ec*+ist.
2. N#T$R% &'(NNIN) R"'#* +R &TI,", &#R+R,(NC#
$>perience !as s!o)n t!at t!e optim"m perormance )i++ 1e ac!ie/ed )it! t!e o++o)in#
net)or* p+annin# r"+esA 0
&ites s!o"+d 1e +ocated c+ose to t!e "sers
T!e ce++s s!o"+d co/er on+5 )!at t!e5 are s"pposed to co/er 9a/oid
!i#! sites:
2nnecessar5 o/er+appin# s!o"+d 1e a/oided
,5 doin# so t!e o/era++ intererence +e/e+ )i++ 1e minimi@ed and net)or* capacit5 )i++ 1e
ma>imi@ed. &;O !e+ps to red"ce t!e intererence pro/idin# &;O #ain )!ic! needs to
1a+anced a#ainst "sed reso"rces 9,T& po)er, ("1 transmission:.
-irst c!ec* co"+d 1e done )it! Radio P+annin# too+ 15 +oo*in# at t!e CP(C; co/era#e, ce++
dominance, &;O o/er!ead, ser/ice co/era#e and interce++ intererence areas.
T!e main reasons or poor radio perormance are re+ated toA
Non optim"m ce++ desi#n 9+ocation, antenna t5pe%!ei#!t%1earin#%ti+t:
Wron# site imp+ementation 9antennas, ca1+es, parameters:
Wron# or 1ad parameter p+annin# 9scram1+in# code a++ocations etc,
CP(C; etc.:
Wron# or missin# nei#!1o"r re+ations
T!ere can 1e a+so ot!er reasons t!an 1ad net)or* p+annin#, +i*eA
2$0speciic pro1+ems 9!an#in# onto t!e ce++, poor ce++ rese+ection, poor
po)er contro+:
2$0NW incompati1i+ities
,T&, RNC or net)or* a"+ts
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 3 o '0
-. N#T$R% .#('T. C.#C%
T!e Net)or* !ea+t! c!ec* ens"res t!at t!e p+anned net)or* is imp+emented correct+5, a++
ce++s are "p and r"nnin# and correct parameters are set. T!ese s!o"+d 1e done 1eore
optimisation. T!ere are man5 c!ec*s to +oo* atA 0
A+arm c!ec* 9,T&, RNC, ot!er:
&W and Parameter c!ec*
Nei#!1o"r consistenc5 c!ec*
Ce++ +oad c!ec*
6P( c!ec*
2$ perormance c!ec* or a++ t!e ser/ices in a contro++ed en/ironment
-.1 /T* (larms ca0sin1 /locked cells
T!e a+arm stat"s !as to 1e c!ec*ed irst 1eca"se t!e5 aect perormance. T!ere co"+d 1e
a"+ts in ,T&s, transmission, RNC or in ot!er net)or* e+ements. T!e a+arm ino can 1e
retrie/ed rom NetAct.
T!e a+arms !a/in# t!e 1i##est impact on t!e perormance is ,T& a+arm, n"m1ered 7431
B,ase station operation de#radedC. T5pica++5, 7431 a+arms means t!at t!ere )o"+d 1e ca++
set0"p ai+"re, &;O ai+"re or dropped ca++.
To c+ear t!e a+arm, ,T& ce++%site restart ma5 1e needed. ;o)e/er ne) ,T& &W re+eases
9DEEE: !a/e si#niicant+5 impro/ed t!e sit"ation.
T!e a+arm 7431 contains s"pp+ementar5 ie+d inormation a1o"t t!e dierent a"+t reasons.
Descri1ed 1e+o) are t!e main reasons. More inormation a1o"t a+arm ino is a/ai+a1+e in
RAN C"stomer Care ,"++etins and t!e A+arm Man"a+ in N$D F17G.
.
3.1.1 -a"+t in O.M and D&P &W interace
DescriptionA &-N s5nc!roni@ation is +ost. (++e#a+ &-N /a+"e in do)n+in*. T!e W&P does not
recei/e rame n"m1er rom t!e Wide1and App+ication Mana#er 2nit 9WAM:, or t!e rame
n"m1er is a"+t5.
3.1.' ATM o/er+o)
DescriptionA 2na1+e to a++ocate AA<' reso"rces.
(nstr"ctionsA T!e reason or t!is co"+d 1e +ac* o transmission capacit5. T!is can 1e a+so
d"e to RNC 1eca"se it !as +imit in transmission capacit5 re+ated to AA<' reso"rces. T!e
sit"ation )i++ impro/e in RAN1.3.'$D' re+ease.
3.1.3 D&C01"s ai+"re
DescriptionA Data, Contro+ and &i#na++in# ,"s 1et)een WAMs and W&Ps 9D&C0,"s:
-ai+"re. Tar#et Node 9A&(C: detects a a"+t in its operation, or some A&(C !as not 1een
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 4 o '0
a1+e to )rite data on t!e D&C01"s to t!e tar#et node, or a ai+"re in t!e D&C01"s, )!ic!
means t!at messa#es do not #et t!ro"#! /ia t!at D&C01"s.
3.1.4 2nit &W do)n+oad ai+ed
DescriptionA (n Case A+armin# so"rce O.M s+a/e WAM or Wide1and &i#na+ Processor
9W&P: t!e sot)are do)n+oadin# rom &W Mana#ement s"1s5stem to t!e "nit%s"1"nit !as
ai+ed.
T!is a+arm is c+ose+5 re+ated to -a"+t in O.M and D&P &W interace pro1+em.
3.1.3 W&P R0,"s $rror
DescriptionA Wide1and &i#na+ Processor 9W&P: R0,"s $rror (RAD A&(C !as detected a R0
1"s error.
3.1.4 No Connection to 2nit
DescriptionA A"to detection does not #et a response rom a "nit t!at is mentioned in t!e
;W Data1ase.
-.2 *oftware and &arameter c2ecks
T!e &W in a++ N$s 9W,T&, RNC, AHC etc.: s!o"+d 1e c!ec*ed 9to 1e t!e +atest one:. A+so
t!e &W in optimisation too+s 9N$MO, 2$ etc.: s!o"+d 1e c!ec*ed 9to 1e t!e +atest:.
T!e parameters in t!e RNC data1ase s!o"+d 1e c!ec*ed so t!at t!e5 are imp+emented as
p+anned, inc+"din# a++ interaces 9("1, ("r:. T!e +atest parameter recommendations FreEG
s!o"+d 1e re/ie)ed and imp+emented 1eore "rt!er optimisation.
A !istor5 o t!e parameter c!an#es into t!e net)or* a consistenc5 data1ase or a++
parameters s!o"+d 1e a/ai+a1+e.
Mass modiications are possi1+e )it! No*ia P+an $ditor 9see detai+s in <AC$ reerence F1G:
and sma++ c!an#es )it! No*ia App+ication <a"nc!er 9see detai+s in N$M2
doc"mentationF'G:.
-.- Nei12bo0r Consistency c2ecks
Nei#!1o"r imp+ementation s!o"+d 1e c!ec*ed so t!at it is as p+anned in order to !a/e
proper ce++ rese+ection and &;O "nctiona+it5.
Nei#!1o"rs s!o"+d 1e 1i0directiona+.
Nei#!1o"r p+an can 1e c!ec*ed "sin# 3G Netp+an too+ F3G. T!e p"rpose )it! t!is too+ is to
#rap!ica++5 disp+a5 ce++s, )!ic! are "sin# t!e same D< scram1+in# code and to s!o) its
nei#!1o"rs deined in O&& data1ase.
-.4 Cell load c2ecks
Ce++ +oad can 1e c!ec*ed 15 +oo*in# at t!e 2< intererence sit"ation )it! Pr>Noise co"nter
in eac! ce++. Norma++5 t!e Pr>Noise is aro"nd I10'J0103 d,m, 1"t i it is more t!an t!is,
t!ere is somet!in# )ron# in t!e ce++. T!e reason co"+d 1e e>terna+ intererence, or
incorrect M;A parameters.
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 3 o '0
T!e tota+ +oad in 2< and D< 9Pt>Tota+, Pr>Tota+: s!o"+d 1e +ess t!an 9Pt>Tar#et, Pr>Tar#et:,
ot!er)ise t!e ce++ is o/er+oaded.
No*ia $O& Reportin# &o+"tion 9R&: F4G can 1e "sed or t!is c!ec*. A+ternati/e+5 NetAct
Reporter too+s FreG can 1e "sed to e>tract t!e data rom t!e NetAct data1ase.
-.3 R(N Co0nter and %&I c2ecks
Perormance can 1e seen rom t!e RAN co"nter statistics. T!e most important 6P(s )it!
recommended tar#et /a+"es are 1e+o)A
Ce++ a/ai+a1i+it5, D?8 K
RRC set"p and access comp+ete ratio, D?3 K
RA, set"p and access comp+ete ratio, D?3 K
RA, drop rate or /oice, L 3 K
RA, drop rate or ot!ers,L 4 K
$O& R& too+ can 1e "sed to c!ec* co"nters and 6P(s. &ee 6P( ino rom dierent pro=ects
F4G.
A+ternati/e t!ese co"nters can 1e e>tracted "sin# t!e NetAct Reporter too+s FreG.
3.3.1 Ce++ A/ai+a1i+it5
Wit! t!e ce++ a/ai+a1i+it5 ino it is c!ec*ed t!at t!e ce++ is "p and r"nnin#. ( not t!e ,T&
restart is needed.
$o& Repotin# &o+"tion 9R&: reports co"+d 1e "sed to to c!ec* t!e ce++ a/ai+a1i+it5. A+so
c"stomer comp+ains and P+anner ino )i++ !e+p to ind s+eepin# ce++s. More ino a1o"t ce++
a/ai+a1i+it5 deinition is in reerence F4G
3.3.' RRC set"p and access comp+ete ratio
T!is P( #i/es s"ccess rate or t!e RRC esta1+is!ment. T!is is 6P( or ca++ set"p
perormance, )!ic! is a/ai+a1+e in $O& R& reports. More ino a1o"t !o) t!is is ca+c"+ated
is in reerence F3G.
3.3.3 RA, set"p and access comp+ete ratio
T!is P( #i/es s"ccess rate or t!e RA, esta1+is!ment I t!is !o)e/er is not Ca++ &et"p
&"ccess Rate as it does not inc+"de RRC p!ase. More ino a1o"t !o) t!is is ca+c"+ated is
in reerence F3G.
3.3.4 RA, drop ratio
T!is P( can 1e "sed as dropped ca++ rate. More ino a1o"t !o) t!is is ca+c"+ated is
reerence F3G
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 4 o '0
-.4 "# &erformance c2eck
T!e 2$ 1e!a/io"r mi#!t aect t!e net)or* perormanceA itMs recommended to test in a
contro++ed en/ironment t!e 2$ perormance or a++ t!e ser/ices, re+ated to
Ce++ rese+ection
&;O
Po)er Contro+
4. &#R+R,(NC# C.#C% $IT. +I#'! ,#(*"R#,#NT*
-or Perormance c!ec* dri/e tests are t5pica++5 needed. T!e set o ce++s and meas"rement
ro"te s!o"+d 1e deined irst 9t5pica++5 10013 sites, a++ ce++s m"st 1e meas"red:. Wit! dri/e
test meas"rements 1asic 6P(s can 1e /eriied. An e>amp+e o 6P(s and tar#et /a+"es are
+isted 1e+o), see more ino a1o"t deinitions o t!ose in F4G.
)ate1ory Name of t2e tests Tar1et
1. &erformance tests 5al0e
Ca++ set"p s"ccess rate or Voice D ?4.0 K
Ca++ set"p s"ccess rate or C& 44 *1its%s Data D ?'.0 K
&ession set"p s"ccess rate or P& 44 *1its%s Data D ?'.0 K
Ca++ drop rate or Voice L 4.0 K
Ca++ drop rate or C& 44 *1its%s Data L 4.0 K
&ession drop date or P& 44 *1its%s data L 4.0 K
2. Co6era1e tests
Depends on t!e p+annin# criteria, s"##estions 1e+o)
CP(C; R&CP D0?3 d,m
CP(C; $cNo D01' d,
-. Capacity tests
T!ro"#!p"t . Ro"nd trip de+a5 or P& data
D< 44 *1ps D 30 *1its%s
Ro"nd trip time or 3' 15tes pin# L ''0 ms
-. Time Tests
Ca++ &et"p Time or speec! and C& data 9MOC:
Ca++ &et"p time L 7 s
&ession &et"p Time or P& 44 *1its%s Data L 10 s
Ta1+e 1 $>amp+e 6P(s rom Dri/e &"r/e5s
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 7 o '0
3. T& 10 &TI,I*(TIN (CTI5ITI#* T I,&R5# C('' &#R+R,(NC#
T!ese acti/ities are sp+it into
Common perormance iss"es t!at aect an5 ser/ice
Voice 9AMR: ca++ perormance
C& Video ca++ perormance
P& ca++ perormance
(&;O perormance
T!ere can 1e sit"ations )!ere t!e same pro1+em )i++ ca"se ca++ set0"p ai+"res or ca++
drops. T!e +ist o pro1+ems )it! possi1+e so+"tions is +isted 1e+o), startin# )it! t!e most
important ones.
3.1 Common Call &erformance Iss0es
,e!a/io"r Pro1+em Description Possi1+e so+"tions
Ca++ set0"p ai+"re
Ca++ drop
Poor co/era#e
area
( pro1+em is poor
co/era#e, t!is means
poor R&CP 9L0?3 d,m:
t!"s a+so t!e $cNo
de#rades /er5 rapid+5 9L
01' d,: )!en t!e
co/era#e 1order is
reac!ed.
C!ec* Antenna +ine insta++ation
9antenna position and N"a+it5,
ca1+e +en#t! and N"a+it5:.
C!ec* t!at CP(C; po)ers are
1a+anced 1et)een t!e st"died
ce++s.
C!ec* presence o s!ado)in#
o1stac+es.
Add a site to t!e area.
Ca++ set0"p ai+"re
Ca++ drop
Poor dominance
area.
No main ser/er in t!e
area, too man5 ce++s
)it! )ea* CP(C; +e/e+.
CP(C; $cNo is "s"a++5
/er5 1ad e/en t!e
R&CP is #ood e.N.
R&CP I80J0?0 d,m
1"t $cNo a1o"t I10 d,
2se 1"i+din#s and ot!er
en/ironmenta+ str"ct"res to
iso+ate ce++9s: co/era#e.
Do)n ti+t antennas to ma*e ce++s
dominant and +imit eects o
intererin# ce++9s:.
C!ec* antenna 1earin#.
Add a site.
Ca++ set0"p ai+"re
Ca++ drop
Pi+ot Po++"tion ,ad CP(C; $c%(o 9L01'
d,: +e/e+ a+t!o"#!
CP(C; R&CP +e/e+ is
#ood. ;i#! site in t!e
nei#!1o"r!ood ma5
ca"se intererence.
-ind intererin# ce++ rom &canner
res"+ts.
Ad="st antenna 1earin# and do)n
ti+t or +o)er t!e antenna !ei#!t
9too m"c! ti+t )i++ 1rea* t!e
dominance:.
Add intererin# ce++ to t!e
nei#!1o"r o t!e ser/in# ce++.
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 8 o '0
,e!a/io"r Pro1+em Description Possi1+e so+"tions
Dropped
ca++%&;O ai+"re
Missin#
nei#!1o"r
A #ood "sa1+e
nei#!1o"r is present
)it!in ce++s co/era#e
area, can ca"se D<
intererence i it is not in
t!e acti/e set.
&)apped sectors in
W,T&.
C!ec* scanner data and +oo* or
missin# nei#!1o"rs.
C!ec* t!e ca1+in# in antenna +ine.
Ca++ set0"p
-ai+"re
Ca++ drop
;i#! Pr>Tota+
d"e to 2<
$>terna+
intererence
T!e Pr>Tota+ +e/e+ is
si#niicant+5 !i#!er t!an
e>pected in no%+o) +oad
conditions.
Tr5 to i#"re t!e possi1+e
area%direction o t!e intererence
15 c!ec*in# Pr>Tota+ +e/e+ on
nei#!1o"rin# ce++s.
A+ternati/e+5 "se spectr"m
ana+5ser . directi/e antenna to
+ocate intererer.
(norm operator%re#"+ator a1o"t
t!e o"nd conditions.
C!ec* i a"to t"nin# ran#e is
+ar#e eno"#! 9'0 d,:.
Ca++ set0"p ai+"re
Ca++ drop
;i#! Pr>Toata+
d"e to )ron#
M;A settin#s
T!e Pr>Tota+ +e/e+ is
si#niicant+5 !i#!er t!an
e>pected in no%+o) +oad
conditions.
M;A settin#s s!o"+d 1e
c!ec*ed, see more in
reerence F7G
(n case o M;A is "sed in ,T&
c!ec* M;A and ca1+es +oss
parameters, ot!er)ise Pr>Tota+
/a+"e )i++ 1e too !i#!.
9( M;A parameter is set to ON,
Ca1+e +oss parameter is "sed,
Ca1+e +oss O Rea+ M;A #ain O
-eeder +oss parameter:
Ca++ set0"p ai+"re
Ca++ drop
;i#! Pr>tota+ d"e
to (nsta++ation
pro1+ems
T!e Pr>Tota+ +e/e+ is
si#niicant+5 !i#!er t!an
e>pected in no%+o) +oad
conditions.
C!ec* t!e antenna insta++ation as
t!e +ast a+ternati/e in !i#!
Pr>Noise case.
Ce++ set0"p ai+"re ,ad RRC
connection set0
"p s"ccess rate
d"e to s+o) 2e
ce++ rese+ection
RRC connection set0"p
comp+ete messa#e not
!eard 15 ,T&.
&et parameters so t!at
rese+ection process )i++ start
ear+ierA
PN"a+min, &intrasearc! and
P!5st' as per +atest
recommendation F8G
<on# ca++ set0"p
time
<on# time
inter/a+ or s5nc
1et)een RNC
and ,T& 1eore
connection
T!e /a+"e o Parameter
N31' is too !i#!A
ma>im"m n"m1er o Bin
s5ncC indications
recei/ed rom <1 d"rin#
t!e esta1+is!ment o a
p!5sica+ c!anne+
2se sma++er /a+"e N31' 9',
recommendation is 4:.
2se Acti> or c!ec*in# t!e ca++
set0"p de+a5 9<3 messa#es:.
2se ca++ set0"p time optimisation
eat"re D5namic settin# o
BActi/ationTimeOsetC 9possi1+e
in RAN1.3.' $D': ena1+es '00 to
300ms red"ction or set "p de+a5.
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e ? o '0
,e!a/io"r Pro1+em Description Possi1+e so+"tions
Dropped ca++ &;O to )ron#
ce++ )i++ ca"se
drop ca++.
O/ers!ootin# ce++ come
temporari+5 into acti/e
set and orces a
s"ita1+e ser/in# ce++ to
1e dropped o"t. <ater
R&CP s"dden+5 drops
in t!e B)ron# ce++C and
ca"ses a dropped ca++
1eca"se t!ere is no
nei#!1o"r deined.
Pan a)a5 o/ers!ootin# ce++ i it is
too c+ose to t!e ser/in# ce++,
ot!er)ise app+5 do)n ti+tin# as
)e++.
Dropped ca++ Ce++ s"erin#
rom 2<
intererence O D<
9CP(C;:
co/era#e m"c!
1i##er t!an 2<
co/era#e
As t!e 2$ T> po)er is
not eno"#! or tar#et
ce++ s5nc!ronisation, t!e
&;O ai+s )!ic! )i++
ca"se ca++ drop +ater.
2se ce++ indi/id"a+ oset
9ne#ati/e /a+"e: parameter to
1a+ance t!e D< and 2< co/era#e.
C!ec* traic direction o in0car
2$s to decide )!ic! ce++ reN"ires
osets.
Dropped ca++ D< CP(C;
co/era#e L 2<
co/era#e
Ce++ )it! +o)er CP(C;
po)er t!an t!e
s"rro"ndin# is !a/in#
Btoo #oodC 2<
perormance, as t!is
ce++sM 2< cannot 1e
"sed eicient+5 d"e to
&;O is decided "pon
D< 9CP(C; $c%No:.
2se ce++ indi/id"a+ oset 9positi/e
/a+"e: parameter to 1a+ance t!e
D< and 2< co/era#e.
NoteA Ce++ indi/id"a+ osets are
not ta*en into acco"nt )!en
ca+c"+atin# t!e added ce++ T>
po)er.
Dropped ca++ Ro"nd t!e corner
eect
T!e ca++ drops d"e to
too rapid CP(C;
co/era#e de#radation
or Ce++ A, and t!ereore
t!ere is not eno"#! time
or &;O.
2se ce++ indi/id"a+ oset 9positi/e
/a+"e: parameter to 1a+ance t!e
D< and 2< co/era#e.
NoteA Ce++ indi/id"a+ osets are
not ta*en into acco"nt )!en
ca+c"+atin# t!e added ce++ T>
po)er.
Dropped
ca++%&;O ai+"re
Too man5
nei#!1o"rs
(n &;O area t!e
n"m1er o com1ined
nei#!1o"rin# ce++s
1ecome more t!an 31.
;O +ist is created "sin#
RNC a+#orit!m in t!e
ina+ sta#e some o t!e
nei#!1o"rs )i++
random+5 1e remo/ed.
De+ete "nnecessar5 nei#!1o"rs.
(mpro/e dominance.
3.2 5oice 7(,R8 specific performance Iss0es
No AMR &peciic scenarios
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 10 o '0
3.- 5ideo Call &erformance Iss0es
,e!a/io"r Pro1+em Description Possi1+e so+"tions
Dropped
ca++
Not eno"#! D< po)er
to maintain #ood
N"a+it5
C& /ideo connection needs
more po)er to maintain t!e &(R
tar#et and t!"s a+so ,<$R
tar#et.
(ncrease t!e ma> D< Radio
<in* po)er 15 decreasin#
t!e CP(C;toReRa,Oset
(n case t!e ma> po)er
increment is a +ot 9Q3d,:
t!en t!e minim"m po)er is
increased 15 3d, as )e++
)!ic! can +ead to t!e
minim"m po)er pro1+ems
9,T& sendin# too m"c!
po)er to t!e 2$s c+ose to
t!e ,T& and t!ereore
ca"sin# pro1+ems to t!e
2$ and e/en dropped ca++:
T!ereore t!e PCran#eD<
parameter s!o"+d 1e t"ned
accordin# to t!e
CP(C;toReRa1Oset
parameter t"nin# 9rom t!e
dea"+t:
More ino in reerence F?G.
Ca++ set0
"p -ai+"re
Ca++ drop
;i#! Pr>Tota+ d"e to
2< $>terna+
intererence
T!e Pr>Tota+ +e/e+ is
si#niicant+5 !i#!er t!an
e>pected in no%+o) +oad
conditions.
Tr5 to i#"re t!e possi1+e
area%direction o t!e
intererence 15 c!ec*in#
Pr>Tota+ +e/e+ on
nei#!1o"rin# ce++s.
A+ternati/e+5 "se spectr"m
ana+5ser . directi/e
antenna to +ocate intererer.
(norm operator%re#"+ator
a1o"t t!e o"nd conditions.
C!ec* i a"to0t"nin# ran#e
is +ar#e eno"#! 9'0 d,:.
3.4 &* Call &erformance Iss0es
P& ca++ perormance optimisation aims to ma>imise t!e data t!ro"#!p"t. T!ro"#!p"t
depends /er5 m"c! on t!e ro"nd trip time 9RTT, de+a5 rom mo1i+e, t5pica++5 t!ro"#! 2&, ,
connector to ser/er and 1ac*:. T!e +o)er t!e RTT t!e #reater t!e potentia+ or !i#!er
t!ro"#!p"t. Norma++5 RTT is aro"nd '00ms.
A+so t!e radio reso"rce eicienc5 or certain 1it rate s!o"+d 1e optimised, s"c! t!at
reso"rces )i++ on+5 1e a++ocated )!en needed, 1ased on t!e t!ro"#!p"t demand. T!is can
1e optimised )it! D5namic <in* Optimisation 9D5<o: eat"re parameters.
(t s!o"+d 1e noted t!at t!ere is no optim"m parameters set to 1e "sed or a++ net)or*s or
ma>imisin# P& t!ro"#!p"t, 1"t e/er5 net)or*s needs some +oca+ optimisation.
T!ro"#!p"t a+so /aries )it! 2$s t5pes.
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 11 o '0
,e+o) are t!e t!ro"#!p"t and eicienc5 speciic pro1+ems and so+"tions, a+t!o"#! t!e
common ca++ perormance iss"es a+so app+5.
/e2a6io0r &roblem !escription &ossible sol0tions
<o) T!ro"#!p"t T!e 2ser 1it rate is
m"c! +ess t!an t!e
Radio ,earer 1it rate
eit!er in D< or 2<.
T!e reason or +o)er
t!ro"#!p"t pro1+ems in
i+e transer is in +o)
contro+ 1et)een PC
and 2$ )!ic! co"+d
mean t!at TCP
parameter settin#s are
not optim"m, )!ic!
ma5 ca"se
de#radation to t!e
t!ro"#!p"t F10G
Meas"re t!ro"#!p"t
and RTT.
(ncrease TCP Windo)
&i@e 0 RW(N in case
RTT is m"c! more
t!an '00ms and +o)
t!ro"#!p"t !as 1een
ac!ie/ed.
(n Windo)s '000 t!e
dea"+t /a+"e is 173'0
,5tes.
T!ere are man5 too+s
a/ai+a1+e to c!an#e t!e
)indo) si@e, or
e>amp+e DoctorTCP
F13G.
Optima+ RW(N in c+ient
O 3'440 ,
Optima+ RW(N in
ser/er O 43333 ,
&ee more in reerence
F11G.
<o) T!ro"#!p"t T!e 2ser 1it rate is
m"c! +ess t!an t!e
Radio ,earer 1it rate in
1i0directiona+ i+e.
W!en "p+oads and
do)n+oads are
occ"rrin#
sim"+taneo"s+5 t!en
t!e TCP AC6s 9or t!e
do)n+oadin#: are
competin# )it! t!e
"p+oad traic to #et
across t!e PPP +in*
1et)een t!e PC and
2$. T!is competition
in com1ination )it! t!e
+o) contro+ insti#ated
15 t!e 2$ )i++ de+a5
t!e AC6. Dependin#
on !o) 1i# t!e e>tra
de+a5 is )i++ depend on
!o) m"c! TCP )i++ 1e
orced to s+o) do)n.
Meas"re t!ro"#!p"t
and RTT
(ncrease TCP Windo)
&i@e 0 RW(N in case
RTT is m"c! more
t!an '00ms and +o)
t!ro"#!p"t !as 1een
#ot.
(n Windo)s '000 t!is
!as dea"+t /a+"e o
174'0 ,5tes.
Optima+ RW(N in c+ient
O 3'440 ,
Optima+ RW(N in
ser/er O 43333 ,
&ee reerence F11G.
<o) T!ro"#!p"t T!e 2ser 1it rate is
m"c! +ess t!an t!e
Radio ,earer 1it rate in
1i0directiona+ i+e.
PC !as +ots o data to
send in "p+in* direction
at a rate aster t!an
t!e act"a+ radio
interace 1et)een 2$
and ,T& 9O44 *1it%s:.
To pre/ent o/er+o),
2$ t"rns +o) contro+
on to)ards PC to stop
data +o). T!e
pro1+em is t!at t!is
Meas"re t!ro"#!p"t
and RTT
(ncrease TCP Windo)
&i@e0 RW(N in case
RTT is m"c! more
t!an '00ms and +o)
t!ro"#!p"t !as 1een
#ot.
(Windo)s '000 as
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 1' o '0
/e2a6io0r &roblem !escription &ossible sol0tions
stops a+so TCP AC6
or do)n+in* data, sent
in "p+in* direction. T!is
ca"ses do)n+in*
t!ro"#!p"t red"ction,
1eca"se TCP session
9Otp: is not recei/in#
AC6s so N"ic*+5.
T!e p!enomenon is
1i##er, i t!e D< data
rate is aster t!an 2<
data rate.
dea"+t /a+"e o 174'0
,5tes.
Optima+ RW(N in c+ient
O 3'440 ,
Optima+ RW(N in
ser/er O 43333 ,
&ee reerence F11G.
<o) T!ro"#!p"t T!e 2ser 1it rate is
m"c! +ess t!an t!e
Radio ,earer 1it rate
eit!er in D< or 2<.
T!e reason or +o)er
t!ro"#!p"t pro1+ems in
i+e transer co"+d 1e
)ron# parameters in
ser/er.
T"ne TCP parameters
in t!e &er/erA
M&& O Ma>im"m
&e#ment &i@e 9in
15tes: O TCP pa5+oad
MT2 O Ma>im"m
Transmission 2nit 9in
15tes: O (P pac*et si@e
MT2 O M&& R TCP
;eader 9'0 15tes: R (P
;eader 9'0 15tes:
Optima+ MT2 in c+ient
and ser/er O1440 ,
<o) T!ro"#!p"t T!e 2ser 1it rate is
m"c! +ess t!an t!e
Radio ,earer 1it rate in
1i0directiona+ i+e
T!ere is Pro1+em in
-TP ser/er
C!an#e t!e -TP
ser/er.
(n #enera+ -TP ser/er
s!o"+d 1e +ocated ri#!t
ater t!e GG&N 9not
1e!ind t!e p"1+ic
internet: so it )o"+d 1e
recommended to !a/e
test -TP ser/er +ocated
ri#!t to t!e GG&N.
Ma*e se/era+ -TP
sessions instead o
one to increase t!e
t!ro"#!p"t.
Tr5 )it! stream e.#.
!ttp%%))it/.com
<o) T!ro"#!p"t T!e 2ser 1it rate is
m"c! +ess t!an t!e
Radio ,earer 1it rate in
1i0directiona+ i+e
,+"etoot! connection
!as 1een "sed
1et)een 2$ and PC.
2se 2&, connection
instead o 1+"etoot!.
<o) $icienc5 ,T& Po)er reso"rces
are )asted in case
!i#! 1it rates are "sed
1"t t!ro"#!p"t is +o).
D5namic <in*
Optimisation 9D5<o:
parameters are not set
optim"m.
Ad="st t!e
Pt>D<A1sMa>
parameter 9dea"+t
/a+"e 30 d,m as
ma>im"m +in* po)er,
optim"m settin#
1et)een 33037d,m: to
tri##er D5<o ear+ier.
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 13 o '0
3.3 I*. performance
/e2a6io0r &roblem !escription &ossible sol0tions
Ca++ drop RAN is not )or*in#
correct+5 d"rin# &;O.
No G&M nei#!1o"r +ist
is sent or
meas"rements in case
t!ere are 3 ce++s in
Acti/e &et. 9RAN1.3.'
$D1 CD18:
T!is s!o"+d 1e
corrected in +aterRAN
re+ease9s:.
Ca++ drop -ai+"re to decode
,&(C 1eore t!e ca++
drop.
CM starts too +ate &et !i#!er (&;O
t!res!o+ds, -MC&A
CP(C; $cNo, CP(C;
R&CP, 2$ TH P)r
F8G
Ca++ drop -ai+"re to decode
,&(C 1eore t!e ca++
drop.
,&(C /eriication ta*es
too m"c! time.
&et sma++er
meas"rement time or
G&M ce++s, -MCGA
Ma>im"m
meas"rement period,
Minim"m
meas"rement inter/a+,
F8G
4. &TI,I*(TIN T'*
Too+s t!at can 1e "sed or pro1+em so+/in#, /eriication and perormance impro/ement are
descri1ed 1e+o). -or c!ec*+ist part t!e too+s )ere a+read5 mentioned.
4.1 Nokia (pplication 'a0nc2er 7('8
No*ia A< is part o NetAct too+s. (nside A< t!ere are man5 too+s, +i*e o1=ect 1ro)ser and
ce++ +oad monitorin# too+s t!at are "se"+ optimisation too+s. Wit! Radio Net)or* 9RNW:
O1=ect ,ro)ser parameter modiications and /a+"e c!ec*s is possi1+e. Wit! RNW On+ine
Mana#ement too+ ce++ +oad on+ine monitorin# co"+d 1e o++o)ed. More ino in reerence F'G
4.1.1 RNW O1=ect ,ro)ser
O1=ect 1ro)ser is too+ or t!e WCDMA parameter c!an#in# and c!ec*in#. Parameters are
di/ided into dierent cate#oriesA
RNC parameters, RNC
W,T& parameters, W,T&
Ce++ parameters, WC$<
Nei#!1o"r parameters, ADS& 9ADS(, ADSG:
;ando/er parameters, ;OP& 9;OP(, ;OPG:
Meas"rement contro+ parameters, -MC& 9-MC(, -MCG:
T!ere are dierent sets or (ntra0-reN"enc5 9mar*et as >>>&:, (nter0-reN"enc5 9mar*et as
>>>(: and (nter0&5stem 9mar*et as >>>G: parameters or ADS>, ;OP> and -MC> o1=ects.
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 14 o '0
(n WC$< o1=ect t!e parameters are more di/ided into cate#ories +isted 1e+o)A
Genera+ 9identit5:
;ando/er contro+, ;O
Po)er contro+, PC
Admission contro+, AC
<oad contro+, <C
Pac*et sc!ed"+er, P&
Common c!anne+, CC;
&5stem (normation ,+oc*, &(,
4.1.' RNW On+ine Mana#ement
On+ine Monitorin# too+ s!o)s t!e act"a+ ce++ +e/e+ +oad sit"ation 1ot! in 2< and D< direction.
,ot! t!e meas"rement res"+ts and parameter /a+"es co"+d 1e seen on #rap!ica+ "ser
interace. T!e /a+"es in G2( areA0
Pr>Tota+ 9tota+ 2< +oad, meas"red /a+"e:
Pt>Tota+ 9tota+ D< +oad, meas"red /a+"e:
Pr>Noise, noise +e/e+, meas"red /a+"e
Pr>Tar#et, p+anned tar#et r> +oad o t!e ce++
Pt>Tar#et, p+anned tar#et t> +oad o t!e ce++
4.2 Nokia &lan #ditor
P+an $ditor is an o0+ine too+ or manip"+atin# Radio Access re+ated parameters and p+ans.
P+an $ditor is a part o Radio Access Coni#"rator 9RAC: so+"tion. P+an $ditor eat"res
s"pport dai+5 tas*s in net)or* de/e+opment and optimisation e.#. inte#ratin# ne) sites, or
de+etin# o1=ects, or optimisin# parameter /a+"es.
T!ere is P+an $ditor pac*a#e s"pport or O&&3.1 $D', )!ere Radio Access Coni#"rator
!as "pdated "nctiona+it5 or mana#in# 3G RN1.3.' and 'G &10.3 $D parameter data. (n
addition to 3G RN1.3.' parameters s"pported ear+ier, P+an $ditor a+so s"pports common
'G ,&& o1=ects t!at can 1e "sed or deinin# inters5stem ad=acenc5 re+ations 9(&;O:.
T!ere are a+so ne) re0!ostin# re+ated proi+es and added "nctiona+it5. AHC C'.0 is
s"pported or t!e parameters deined in t!e commissionin# interace and more "nctiona+it5
)i++ come )it! RN1.3.' $D'. More inormation in reerence F1G and F14G
4.- #* Reportin1 *ol0tion 7R*8
$O& R& is too+ de/e+oped or interna+ "se, )!ic! !as #ood RAN co"nter and 6P( reportin#.
(t needs NetAct data1ase to 1e insta++ed to t!e net)or* as it )or*s )it! co"nters co++ected
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 13 o '0
rom t!e net)or* e+ements and stored in t!e data1ase. PC is reN"ired r"n t!e too+ and #et
ino rom t!e data1ase. T!e o++o)in# 6P(s can 1e retrie/ed "sin# t!e too+.
Ce++ A/ai+a1i+it5
RRC &et0"p &"ccess Rate
RRC &et0"p and Access &"ccess Rate
RRC Drop Ratio
RA, &et0"p &"ccess Rate
RA, &et0"p and Access &"ccess Rate
RA, Drop Ratio
&;O o/er!ead
&;O &"ccess ratio
A+so ce++ +oad ino 9Pr>Tota+, Pt>Tota+: can 1e c!ec*ed.
More inormation is in reerence F4G and F3G.
4.4 Net(ct Reporter
NetAct reporter is t!e oicia+ reportin# "nctiona+it5 or No*ia NetAct p+atorm. Too+s
inc+"de 6P( ,ro)ser, Report ,"i+der and Report ,ro)ser. T!ese too+s a++o) data
e>traction rom t!e PM Data1ase and are standard to t!e No*ia NetAct p+atorm.
A+so, Content Creation #ro"p )it!in No*ia !a/e de/e+oped WCDMA Reportin# &"ite, )!ic!
"ses NetAct Reporter "nctiona+it5. T!is is an optiona+ eat"re so not a++ c"stomers )i++
!a/e p"rc!ased it.
2n+i*e t!e $O& R& t!e 6P(s reports or RAN are not read5 made a+t!o"#! t!e5 co"+d 1e
created )it! Report ,"i+der.
4.3 +ield ,eas0rement Tools 7+,T8
T!ere are a #ro)in# n"m1er o -MT a/ai+a1+e or WCDMA s5stems. T!ese are di/ided
into scanner too+s or 2e 1ased meas"rements too+s. ,ot! t!ese t5pes p+a5 a *e5 ro+e in
t!e optimisation o t!e net)or*. A re/ie) o too+s can 1e o"nd at F14G.
4.3.1 R- scanner
T!e p"rpose o "sin# t!e R- scanner is to 1e a1+e to scan and meas"re a++ "sed
carriers%ce++s and t!eir correspondin# D< scram1+in# codes. T!is #i/es t!e "++ pict"re o
t!e 9on air: radio net)or* )it!in a se+ected reN"enc5 1and. T!e res"+ts are "sed to identi5
and "nderstand reasons or pec"+iar 1e!a/io"r disco/ered d"rin# ie+d meas"rements. (n
addition, t!e scanner )i++ indicate presence o Bi++e#a+C R- intererence )it!in t!e s"1 1ands
a++ocated to t!e net)or*. T!e scanner data ana+5ses can 1e done or man5 p"rposesA0
-or +o) co/era#e areas
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 14 o '0
-or antenna insta++ation pro1+ems
-or missin# nei#!1o"rs
-or co/era#e optimisation
Wit! t!e scanner 5o" can #et t!e o++o)in# ino rom t!e s"rro"ndin# ce++sA
Dierent &cram1+in# codes
CPC(; R&CP /a+"e 9d,m:
CP(C; $cNo /a+"e 9d,:
More inormation is in reerence F1'G.
4.3.' N$MO TOM Dri/e Test too+
T!e N$MO DT too+ )it! t!e No*ia 4430 2$ is "sed to meas"re and /eri5 +on# and s!ort
AMR 1'.' *1ps 9/oice: MOC ca++s. Wit! TOM 6P( /eriication can 1e done. I
'aptop comp0ter
)&* recei6er
!C9(C con6erter
712 5!C92-0 5(C8
C2ar1er
12 5!C
7Car battery8

2$ meas"rements are dierent t!an to R- scanner meas"rements. T!e &canner
meas"res a++ &Cs, )!ereas t!e 2$ on+5 meas"res &C si#na+s rom t!e ce++s t!at t!e
s5stem !as inormed%ordered t!e 2$ t!ro"#! t!e ,C; 9nei#!1o"r +ist: or /ia t!e
Bmeas"rement contro+C messa#e.
Wit! TOM 5o" can #et o++o)in# inoA
T!e ,<$R do)n+in*
Carrier R&&(
Data T!ro"#!p"t Do)n+in*
Data T!ro"#!p"t 2p+in*
$c%No Acti/e Ce++
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 17 o '0
$c%No Monitored Ce++
Pi+ot ,$R
Random Access (nitia+ T> Po)er
Random Access Pream1+e Co"nt
Random Access Pream1+e &tep
Random Access T> Po)er
&(R tar#et
2$ T> Po)er
Ca++ &tatisticA AMR, C& and P& data ca++s
More inormation is in reerence F1'G.
4.4 (cti: (nalysis tool
Acti> ana+5ser is a too+ or post0processin# ce++"+ar net)or* data 9G&M, CDMA, WCDMA:.
T!e too+ is speciica++5 tai+ored to import meas"rement data rom /ario"s 9meas"rement:
too+s and i+e ormats and t!en present it in map, ta1+e, )or*1oo* or c!art ormat. A+so it is
possi1+e to deine 5o"r o)n speciic N"eries, a+t!o"#! No*ia !a/e de/e+oped a standard set
o N"eries.
Note t!at t!ere is more t!an one /ersion o t!e Ana+5ser.
Ro++o"t Veriication &o+"tion 9RV&:
&5stem Veriication &o+"tion 9&V&:
(nrastr"ct"re Veriication &o+"tion 9(V&:
,e+o) is a +ist o t!e capa1i+ities o Ana+5serA0
Radio <in* Perormance
Tro"1+es!ootin#A
Distant ser/ers
Too man5 ser/ers
2nnecessari+5 +ar#e nei#!1o"r
+ists
$>cessi/e sot !ando
$/ent Detection and Dri/e Test
Ana+5sisA
Co/era#e pro1+ems
Poor 2< or D<, co/era#e +imited,
intererence
;ando/er pro1+ems
Missin# nei#!1o"rs
Pi+ot po++"tion
O/era++ Ca++ Vie)A Detai+ed dropped ca++ and ai+ed set0
"p +e/e+ ana+5sis
Nokia Networks 2004, Company Confidential Pa#e 18 o '0
Detected pro1+em9s: identiied per
ca++
(ndi/id"a+ ca++ e>traction or detai+ed
messa#e +e/e+ ana+5sis
Nei#!1o"r <ist Ana+5sisA Generation o recommendations or
optima+ nei#!1o"r +ist settin#s
(nte#ration )it! Net)or* $+ement
Data1ase
,ased on 2MT&%WCDMA scanner
dri/e test data
&"pported Meas"rements )it!
&canner areA
<a5er 1 scanner meas"rements
9or e>amp+e $c(o, R&CP, etc.:
&"pported Meas"rements )it!
;andset areA
<a5er 1 !andset meas"rements 9or
e>amp+e $cNo, T>Po), etc.:
RRC <a5er 3 si#na++in# I Ca++
Contro+ 9CC:, Mo1i+it5 Mana#ement
9MM:, GPR& Mo1i+it5 Mana#ement,
GPR& &ession Mana#ement
More inormation is in reerence F1'G.
;. R#+#R#NC#*
F1G <AC$ Materia+s
F'G RNC Nem"+andia
F3G 3G Netp+an materia+
F4G 6P( stat"s rom 3G pro=ects
F3G 6P( orm"+as and Co"nters
F4G -ie+d Test Cases or &5stem Acceptance
F7G M;A settin#s
F8G Parameter c!an#es or RAN1.3.' $D'
F?G WR&T4 trainin# materia+
F10G GPR& Core Net)or* Optimisation G"ide+ine
F11G TCP optimisation or 3G
F1'G 3G ie+d too+s
F13G DrTCP
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