25 views

Uploaded by tvkbhanuprakash

Introduction to Stress

- Abstract
- Finite Element Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures Under Monotonic Loads
- Failure analysis of bolted steel flanges.pdf
- Structure Mag August 2014
- Mechanical Science
- CRH Line Failures
- Strength Caracteristics of Composites Materials
- Procedura Za Optimizaciju Boka Broda
- Som Study Guide
- Experimental Behavior of Transfer Story Connections for High-rise SRC Structures Under Seismic Loading
- Strength of Materials - - Unit 3 - Week 2
- Hardened Concrete
- 8 Normal Strain
- A722-A722M-15
- ADA307777.pdf
- Strut and Tie Model Analysis of Prestressed Deep beams
- 44-480-5-PB
- ES 13 1st Exam Summary
- Seminar Report Mustesin
- 12~chapter_12

You are on page 1of 31

The bolts must withstand the shear forces

imposed on them by the members of the frame.

14062014 2/25 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Equilibrium and FBDs Equilibrium and FBDs

Equilibrium analysis will determine the

force P, but not the strength or

the rigidity of the bar. g y

14062014 3 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Freebody diagram for determining the

internal force system acting on section

External forces acting on

a body.

Resolving the internal force

R i t th i l f P d R into the axial force P and

the shear force V.

14062014 4 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Deformations Deformations

Deformations produced by the components of internal forces and

couples

14062014 5 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Normal and Shear Stress NormalandShearStress

If the stress is uniformly distributed, we get

Otherwise we call it average stress

14062014 6 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Axially Loaded Bars Axially Loaded Bars

when the loading is uniform, its resultant

th h th t id f th l d d passes through the centroid of the loaded area

Statics

A bar loaded axially by A bar loaded axially by

(a) uniformly distributed load of intensity p

(b) a statically equivalent centroidal force P = pA

14062014 7 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Normal stress distribution in a

strip caused by a concentrated load.

14062014 8 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Saint Venants Principle p

The difference between the effects of two different but statically equivalent

loads becomes very small at suffiently large distances fromthe load loads becomes very small at suffiently large distances from the load.

1. Most analysis in mechanics of materials is based on simplifications that can

be justified with Saint Venants principle.

2. We often replace loads (including support reactions) by their resultants

and ignore the effects of holes, grooves, and fillets on stresses and

deformations.

3. Many of the simplifications are not only justified but necessary.

4. Without simplifying assumptions, analysis would be exceedingly difficult.

5. However, we must always keep in mind the approximations that were

d d k ll f h i h fi l d i made, and make allowances for them in the final design.

14062014 9 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Normal stress distribution in a

grooved bar

14062014 10 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Stresses on Inclined Planes

14062014 11 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

1. Maximum normal stress is P/A, and it acts on the cross

section of the bar (that is on the plane = 0) section of the bar (that is, on the plane = 0).

2. The shear stress is zero when = 0, as would be expected.

3. The maximum shear stress is P/2A, which acts on the

planes inclined at = 45

o

to the cross section.

In summary, an axial load causes not only normal stress but also

h h d f b h d d h shear stress. The magnitudes of both stresses depend on the

orientation of the plane on which they act.

14062014 12 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Stresses acting on two mutually

di l i li d ti f b perpendicular inclined sections of a bar.

By Substituting =+90

o

we get By Substituting =+90 , we get

stresses on a plane perpendicular to q

plane

Stresses acting on mutually perpendicular, or complementary

planes, they are called complementary stresses.

14062014 13 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

The shear stresses that act on complementary planes

h th it d b t it have the same magnitude but opposite sense.

1 The design of axially loaded bars is usually based on the maximum normal 1. The design of axially loaded bars is usually based on the maximum normal

stress in the bar.

2 This stress is commonly called simply the normal stress and denoted by 2. This stress is commonly called simply the normal stress and denoted by .

3. The design criterion thus is that = P/A must not exceed the working stress

of the material from which the bar is to be fabricated. o t e ate a o w c t e ba s to be ab cated

4. The working stress, also called the allowable stress, is the largest value of

stress that can be safely carried by the material. y y

5. Working stress, denoted by

w

, will be discussed more fully later

14062014 14 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Procedure for Stress Analysis

I l th t l i f i ll l d d b f t t In general, the stress analysis of an axially loaded member of a structure

involves the following steps.

1. EquilibriumAnalysis

If necessary, find the external reactions using a freebody diagram

(FBD) of the entire structure.

Compute the axial force P in the member using the method of sections.

This method introduces an imaginary cutting plane that isolates a

segment of the structure.

The cutting plane must include the cross section of the member of

interest.

The axial force acting in the member can then be found from the FBD of

the isolated segment because it now appears as an external force on the the isolated segment because it now appears as an external force on the

FBD.

14062014 15 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

1. Computation of Stress

1. After the axial force has been found by equilibrium analysis, the y q y ,

average normal stress in the member can be obtained from s=P/A,

where A is the crosssectional area of the member at the cutting where A is the cross sectional area of the member at the cutting

plane.

2 In slender bars s=P/A is the normal stress if the section is sufficiently 2. In slender bars, s=P/A is the normal stress if the section is sufficiently

far from applied loads and abrupt changes in the cross section (Saint

V i i l ) Venants principle).

14062014 16 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Design Considerations

For purposes of design, the computed stress

1. must be compared with the allowable stress, also called the working stress.

2. The working stress, which we denote by

w

, is discussed in detail in the next

chapter.

3. To prevent failure of the member, the computed stress must be less than the

working stress.

4 N h A l i f T Th l i d i h l i f 4. Note on the Analysis of Trusses The usual assumptions made in the analysis of

trusses are: (1) weights of the members are negligible compared to the applied

loads (2) joints beha e as smooth pins and (3) all loads are applied at the joints loads; (2) joints behave as smooth pins; and (3) all loads are applied at the joints.

Under these assumptions, each member of the truss is an axially loaded bar.

5 The internal forces in the bars can be obtained by the method of sections or the 5. The internal forces in the bars can be obtained by the method of sections or the

method of joints (utilizing the freebody diagrams of the joints).

14062014 17 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Determine the normal force, shear force, and moment

at a section through point C. Take P = 8 kN.

14062014 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction) 18

14062014 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction) 19

The floor crane is used to lift a 600kg concrete pipe. Determine the

resultant internal loadings acting on the cross section at H resultant internal loadings acting on the cross section at H.

14062014 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction) 20

14062014 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction) 21

14062014 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction) 22

Examples

Sample Problem #1

The bar ABCD consists of three cylindrical steel segments with different lengths

and crosssectional areas. Axial loads are applied as shown. Calculate the normal

stress in each segment.

14062014 23 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

14062014 24 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Observe that the lengths of the segments do not affect the calculations of the

stresses. Also, the fact that the bar is made of steel is irrelevant; the stresses in

the segments would be as calculated, regardless of the materials from which

the segments of the bar are fabricated.

14062014 25 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

The two members used in the construction of an aircraft

fuselage are joined together using a 30 fish mouth weld fuselage are joined together using a 30 fishmouth weld.

Determine the average normal and average shear stress on the

plane of each weld. Assume each inclined plane supports a

h i l f f 400 lb horizontal force of 400 lb.

14062014 Strength of Materials I (Introduction) 26

14062014 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction) 27

For the truss shown in calculate the normal stresses in (1) member

AC; and (2) member BD. The crosssectional area of each member is ( )

900 mm

2

.

14062014 28 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

14062014 29 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

14062014 30 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

The rectangular wood panel is formed by gluing together two boards along the

30

o

seamas shown in the figure Determine the largest axial force P that can be 30 seamas shown in the figure. Determine the largest axial force P that can be

carried safely by the panel if the working stress for the wood is 1120 psi, and the

normal and shear stresses in the glue are limited to 700 psi and 450 psi, normal and shear stresses in the glue are limited to 700 psi and 450 psi,

respectively.

14062014 31 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

Design for Working Stress in Wood

D i f N l St i Gl Design for Normal Stress in Glue

Design for Shear Stress in Glue

Maximum Load that can be carried

14062014 32 StrengthofMaterials I(Introduction)

- AbstractUploaded bykanz
- Finite Element Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures Under Monotonic LoadsUploaded bynikhilarora1988
- Failure analysis of bolted steel flanges.pdfUploaded bymoha
- Structure Mag August 2014Uploaded byMuhammad Irfan Butt
- Mechanical ScienceUploaded byAbhishek Mitra
- CRH Line FailuresUploaded bykaruna346
- Strength Caracteristics of Composites MaterialsUploaded byfondexx
- Procedura Za Optimizaciju Boka BrodaUploaded byAnte Crnica
- Som Study GuideUploaded bypropone
- Experimental Behavior of Transfer Story Connections for High-rise SRC Structures Under Seismic LoadingUploaded bysugi zhuang
- Strength of Materials - - Unit 3 - Week 2Uploaded byM.Saravana Kumar..M.E
- Hardened ConcreteUploaded byEng Aidaruos Abdi Matan
- 8 Normal StrainUploaded bycena3135
- A722-A722M-15Uploaded byAshok Karanam
- ADA307777.pdfUploaded byPierluigi Romano
- Strut and Tie Model Analysis of Prestressed Deep beamsUploaded byKannan Chandrabhanu
- 44-480-5-PBUploaded byMatheus L. G. Marquesi
- ES 13 1st Exam SummaryUploaded byJunhong Bap
- Seminar Report MustesinUploaded byMustesin Alikhan
- 12~chapter_12Uploaded byikbal
- Chp 14- Design Problem 12Uploaded bySatish Pathak
- inite element modelling of brick-mortar interface stressesUploaded bykuzemdoo
- Joint CanUploaded byManish
- 5 -Esfuezo Cortante de Rc Para VigasUploaded byMichael Esteban Moreno Arroyave
- FEA Problems 2017 4460Uploaded byandre_jvc
- 1647-6193-1-SMUploaded byDavid Guardamino
- steel_unit_2_qbUploaded byNishan Singh
- Proposed Design Procedures for Shear and Torsion in Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete Ramirez_part40Uploaded bylinghuchong
- Studies of the Buckling of Composite Plates in CompressionUploaded byiname11
- State of StressUploaded byHarun Hodžić

- 120 Upanishads BookUploaded byparag
- Ship History WoodUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Homework 6-7-2012Uploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Homework 6-7-2012.docUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- GATE_SOM_01Uploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Intro to TurbulenceUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Tvkb Memh 2 Dof Lect 2Uploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- TVKB Rules of SraddhaUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- FrictionUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Solid MechanicsUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Sri Bhagavad Git as 023394 MbpUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- ShankaraBhashya UpanishadsUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Prof TVKB Propeller TheoryUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Model Test Towing TankUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Circulation TheoryUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- TVKB_R&P_HM_MethodUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Tvkb Memh 2 Dof Lect 1Uploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Engineering Mechanics DynamicsUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Propeller TheoryUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- ProfTVKB Blade Element TheoryUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- TVKB Multi Degree Freedom System VibrationsUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- Potential FlowsUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- R&P_Ch_05Uploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- MI Sample ProblemsUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- MI_AGUploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- em hw-6Uploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- manasa ullasaUploaded byyatin pandit
- GATE_HMT_01Uploaded bytvkbhanuprakash
- SOM Lecture 03Uploaded bytvkbhanuprakash

- Framo PumpUploaded byKamal වන්නි ஆரச்சி
- Fatigue and Fracture MechanicsUploaded byGoutham Burra
- Insulation Method StatementUploaded byShanoor AS
- 2011 Nakamura ShearDatabaseForPrestressedConcreteMembersUploaded byLucas Marques
- Ksn Software AnconUploaded byNikola Bozovic
- stressribbonbridge FAINAL-140527100719-phpapp02_2.pptxUploaded bySreeraj Somarajan
- API 5LUploaded byΔημήτρης Αντωνιάδης
- Min. Test RequirementUploaded byOli Tan Pretz
- 2012 NC Building Level 1 Student WorksheetsUploaded byRonald Kahora
- bsUploaded bySalik Siddiqui
- Downloadmela.com ST7006 Design of BridgesUploaded byJakir Hussain Syed
- WIND LOAD CALCULATION FOR ROOFUploaded bySameera Lakmal
- Limpet Coil DesignUploaded bymaheshspawar
- Lancashire BoilerUploaded bySujay Saxena
- Maria Gheorghe1Uploaded bySajith Ranatunga
- Valve VNUploaded bySanogo Yaya
- Voltage Drop & Cable Sizing & Electrical Load.xlsUploaded byfd27
- CAD36Uploaded byVikram
- Niko Tracks.pdfUploaded byTomek
- WJEPAS 2012Uploaded byjamesstewart
- Rolling Mill -AaaUploaded bydorin serban
- Combined Shear and Tension Stresses.pdfUploaded byzeemas
- pearlthane 11T93Uploaded byGabriel Salomon
- Procedure for Investment CastingUploaded byRAJARAM
- qcs 2007 0117Uploaded byRotsapNayrb
- BY-CBXUploaded byjoe1256
- Design of Reinforced Soil Structures Using a Two Part Wedge.pdfUploaded byboris1516
- 10in Laminar Defect Repair on Refined Products Pipeline Case Study CanadaUploaded byNiko Pani González
- jurnal 1Uploaded byHadiri Imam M
- 01-0713Uploaded byAlonso Finn