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APPENDIX

PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS


(SI UNITS)

Table A1

Molar mass, gas constant, and


critical-point properties
Table A2
Ideal-gas specific heats of various
common gases
Table A3
Properties of common liquids, solids,
and foods
Table A4
Saturated waterTemperature table
Table A5
Saturated waterPressure table
Table A6
Superheated water
Table A7
Compressed liquid water
Table A8
Saturated icewater vapor
Figure A9
T-s diagram for water
Figure A10 Mollier diagram for water
Table A11 Saturated refrigerant-134a
Temperature table
Table A12 Saturated refrigerant-134a
Pressure table
Table A13 Superheated refrigerant-134a
Figure A14 P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a
Figure A15 NelsonObert generalized
compressibility chart
Table A16 Properties of the atmosphere at high
altitude
Table A17 Ideal-gas properties of air
Table A18 Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2
Table A19 Ideal-gas properties of oxygen, O2

Table A20

Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide,


CO2
Table A21 Ideal-gas properties of carbon
monoxide, CO
Table A22 Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen, H2
Table A23 Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H2O
Table A24 Ideal-gas properties of monatomic
oxygen, O
Table A25 Ideal-gas properties of hydroxyl, OH
Table A26 Enthalpy of formation, Gibbs function
of formation, and absolute entropy at
25C, 1 atm
Table A27 Properties of some common fuels and
hydrocarbons
Table A28 Natural logarithms of the equilibrium
constant Kp
Figure A29 Generalized enthalpy departure chart
Figure A30 Generalized entropy departure chart
Figure A31 Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total
pressure
Table A32 One-dimensional isentropic
compressible-flow functions
for an ideal gas with k  1.4
Table A33 One-dimensional normal-shock
functions for an ideal gas with k  1.4
Table A34 Rayleigh flow functions for an ideal
gas with k  1.4

907

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908
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A 1
Molar mass, gas constant, and critical-point properties

Substance

Formula

Air
Ammonia
Argon
Benzene
Bromine
n-Butane
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Carbon tetrachloride
Chlorine
Chloroform
Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12)
Dichlorofluoromethane (R-21)
Ethane
Ethyl alcohol
Ethylene
Helium
n-Hexane
Hydrogen (normal)
Krypton
Methane
Methyl alcohol
Methyl chloride
Neon
Nitrogen
Nitrous oxide
Oxygen
Propane
Propylene
Sulfur dioxide
Tetrafluoroethane (R-134a)
Trichlorofluoromethane (R-11)
Water
Xenon

NH3
Ar
C6H6
Br2
C4H10
CO2
CO
CCl4
Cl2
CHCl3
CCl2F2
CHCl2F
C2H6
C2H5OH
C2H4
He
C6H14
H2
Kr
CH4
CH3OH
CH3Cl
Ne
N2
N2O
O2
C3H8
C3H6
SO2
CF3CH2F
CCl3F
H2O
Xe

Molar mass,
M kg/kmol
28.97
17.03
39.948
78.115
159.808
58.124
44.01
28.011
153.82
70.906
119.38
120.91
102.92
30.070
46.07
28.054
4.003
86.179
2.016
83.80
16.043
32.042
50.488
20.183
28.013
44.013
31.999
44.097
42.081
64.063
102.03
137.37
18.015
131.30

Gas
constant,
R kJ/kgK*
0.2870
0.4882
0.2081
0.1064
0.0520
0.1430
0.1889
0.2968
0.05405
0.1173
0.06964
0.06876
0.08078
0.2765
0.1805
0.2964
2.0769
0.09647
4.1240
0.09921
0.5182
0.2595
0.1647
0.4119
0.2968
0.1889
0.2598
0.1885
0.1976
0.1298
0.08149
0.06052
0.4615
0.06332

Critical-point properties
Temperature,
K
132.5
405.5
151
562
584
425.2
304.2
133
556.4
417
536.6
384.7
451.7
305.5
516
282.4
5.3
507.9
33.3
209.4
191.1
513.2
416.3
44.5
126.2
309.7
154.8
370
365
430.7
374.2
471.2
647.1
289.8

Pressure,
MPa

Volume,
m3/kmol

3.77
11.28
4.86
4.92
10.34
3.80
7.39
3.50
4.56
7.71
5.47
4.01
5.17
4.48
6.38
5.12
0.23
3.03
1.30
5.50
4.64
7.95
6.68
2.73
3.39
7.27
5.08
4.26
4.62
7.88
4.059
4.38
22.06
5.88

0.0883
0.0724
0.0749
0.2603
0.1355
0.2547
0.0943
0.0930
0.2759
0.1242
0.2403
0.2179
0.1973
0.1480
0.1673
0.1242
0.0578
0.3677
0.0649
0.0924
0.0993
0.1180
0.1430
0.0417
0.0899
0.0961
0.0780
0.1998
0.1810
0.1217
0.1993
0.2478
0.0560
0.1186

*The unit kJ/kgK is equivalent to kPam3/kgK. The gas constant is calculated from R  Ru /M, where Ru  8.31447 kJ/kmolK and M is the molar
mass.

Source: K. A. Kobe and R. E. Lynn, Jr., Chemical Review 52 (1953), pp. 117236; and ASHRAE, Handbook of Fundamentals (Atlanta, GA: American
Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1993), pp. 16.4 and 36.1.

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APPENDIX 1

TABLE A2
Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases
(a) At 300 K
Gas

Formula

Air
Argon
Butane
Carbon dioxide
Carbon monoxide
Ethane
Ethylene
Helium
Hydrogen
Methane
Neon
Nitrogen
Octane
Oxygen
Propane
Steam

Ar
C4H10
CO2
CO
C2H6
C2H4
He
H2
CH4
Ne
N2
C8H18
O2
C3H8
H2O

Gas constant, R
kJ/kgK
0.2870
0.2081
0.1433
0.1889
0.2968
0.2765
0.2964
2.0769
4.1240
0.5182
0.4119
0.2968
0.0729
0.2598
0.1885
0.4615

cp
kJ/kgK

cv
kJ/kgK

1.005
0.5203
1.7164
0.846
1.040
1.7662
1.5482
5.1926
14.307
2.2537
1.0299
1.039
1.7113
0.918
1.6794
1.8723

0.718
0.3122
1.5734
0.657
0.744
1.4897
1.2518
3.1156
10.183
1.7354
0.6179
0.743
1.6385
0.658
1.4909
1.4108

1.400
1.667
1.091
1.289
1.400
1.186
1.237
1.667
1.405
1.299
1.667
1.400
1.044
1.395
1.126
1.327

Note: The unit kJ/kgK is equivalent to kJ/kgC.


Source: Chemical and Process Thermodynamics 3/E by Kyle, B. G., 2000. Adapted by permission of Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ.

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910
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A2
Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Continued)
(b) At various temperatures

Temperature,
K
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
900
1000

cp
kJ/kgK

cv
kJ/kgK

Air
1.003
1.005
1.008
1.013
1.020
1.029
1.040
1.051
1.063
1.075
1.087
1.099
1.121
1.142

0.716
0.718
0.721
0.726
0.733
0.742
0.753
0.764
0.776
0.788
0.800
0.812
0.834
0.855

cp
kJ/kgK

14.051
14.307
14.427
14.476
14.501
14.513
14.530
14.546
14.571
14.604
14.645
14.695
14.822
14.983

9.927
10.183
10.302
10.352
10.377
10.389
10.405
10.422
10.447
10.480
10.521
10.570
10.698
10.859

Carbon dioxide, CO2


1.401
1.400
1.398
1.395
1.391
1.387
1.381
1.376
1.370
1.364
1.359
1.354
1.344
1.336

0.791
0.846
0.895
0.939
0.978
1.014
1.046
1.075
1.102
1.126
1.148
1.169
1.204
1.234

Hydrogen, H2
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
900
1000

cv
kJ/kgK

1.416
1.405
1.400
1.398
1.398
1.397
1.396
1.396
1.395
1.394
1.392
1.390
1.385
1.380

0.602
0.657
0.706
0.750
0.790
0.825
0.857
0.886
0.913
0.937
0.959
0.980
1.015
1.045

1.314
1.288
1.268
1.252
1.239
1.229
1.220
1.213
1.207
1.202
1.197
1.193
1.186
1.181

cp
kJ/kgK

0.742
0.743
0.744
0.747
0.752
0.759
0.768
0.778
0.789
0.801
0.813
0.825
0.849
0.870

Carbon monoxide, CO
1.039
1.040
1.043
1.047
1.054
1.063
1.075
1.087
1.100
1.113
1.126
1.139
1.163
1.185

Nitrogen, N2
1.039
1.039
1.041
1.044
1.049
1.056
1.065
1.075
1.086
1.098
1.110
1.121
1.145
1.167

cv
kJ/kgK

0.743
0.744
0.746
0.751
0.757
0.767
0.778
0.790
0.803
0.816
0.829
0.842
0.866
0.888

1.400
1.399
1.398
1.395
1.392
1.387
1.382
1.376
1.370
1.364
1.358
1.353
1.343
1.335

Oxygen, O2
1.400
1.400
1.399
1.397
1.395
1.391
1.387
1.382
1.376
1.371
1.365
1.360
1.349
1.341

0.913
0.918
0.928
0.941
0.956
0.972
0.988
1.003
1.017
1.031
1.043
1.054
1.074
1.090

0.653
0.658
0.668
0.681
0.696
0.712
0.728
0.743
0.758
0.771
0.783
0.794
0.814
0.830

1.398
1.395
1.389
1.382
1.373
1.365
1.358
1.350
1.343
1.337
1.332
1.327
1.319
1.313

Source: Kenneth Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983), p. 783, Table A4M. Originally published in Tables of Thermal
Properties of Gases, NBS Circular 564, 1955.

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APPENDIX 1

TABLE A2
Ideal-gas specific heats of various common gases (Concluded)
(c) As a function of temperature
_
cp  a  bT  cT 2  dT 3
(T in K, cp in kJ/kmolK)

Substance
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Air
Hydrogen
Carbon
monoxide
Carbon
dioxide
Water vapor
Nitric oxide
Nitrous oxide
Nitrogen
dioxide
Ammonia
Sulfur
Sulfur
dioxide
Sulfur
trioxide
Acetylene
Benzene
Methanol
Ethanol
Hydrogen
chloride
Methane
Ethane
Propane
n-Butane
i-Butane
n-Pentane
n-Hexane
Ethylene
Propylene

Formula

b
0.1571
1.520
0.1967
0.1916

c
102


 102
 102
 102

N2
O2

H2

28.90
25.48
28.11
29.11

CO

28.16

CO2
H2O
NO
N2O

22.26
5.981 
32.24
0.1923 
29.34 0.09395 
24.11
5.8632 

NO2
NH3
S2

22.9
27.568
27.21

SO2

25.78

SO3
C2H2
C6H6
CH4O
C2H6O
HCl
CH4
C2H6
C3H8
C4H10
C4H10
C5H12
C6H14
C2H4
C3H6

0.8081
0.7155
0.4802
0.4003

% error
Temperature
range, K
Max. Avg.

d
105


 105
 105
 105

2.873
1.312
1.966
0.8704






109
109
109
109

2731800
2731800
2731800
2731800

0.59
1.19
0.72
1.01

0.34
0.28
0.33
0.26

0.1675  102

0.5372  105

2.222  109

2731800

0.89

0.37

102
102
102
102

3.501  105
1.055  105
0.9747  105
3.562  105

7.469
3.595
4.187
10.58

109
109
109
109

2731800
2731800
2731500
2731500

0.67
0.53
0.97
0.59

0.22
0.24
0.36
0.26

5.715  102
2.5630  102
2.218  102

3.52  105
0.99072  105
1.628  105

7.87  109
6.6909  109
3.986  109

2731500
2731500
2731800

0.46
0.91
0.99

0.18
0.36
0.38

5.795  102

3.812  105

8.612  109

2731800

0.45

0.24






102
102
102
102
102

11.20
6.527
31.57
1.22
10.38







105
105
105
105
105

32.42
18.21
77.62
8.039
20.05







109
109
109
109
109

2731300
2731500
2731500
2731000
2731500

0.29
1.46
0.34
0.18
0.40

0.13
0.59
0.20
0.08
0.22

30.33
0.7620  102
19.89
5.024  102
6.900
17.27  102
4.04
30.48  102
3.96
37.15  102
7.913
41.60  102
6.774
45.43  102
6.938
55.22  102
3.95
15.64  102
3.15
23.83  102

1.327
1.269
6.406
15.72
18.34
23.01
22.46
28.65
8.344
12.18












105
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
105
105

4.338
11.01
7.285
31.74
35.00
49.91
42.29
57.69
17.67
24.62












109
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
109
109

2731500
2731500
2731500
2731500
2731500
2731500
2731500
2731500
2731500
2731500

0.22
1.33
0.83
0.40
0.54
0.25
0.56
0.72
0.54
0.73

0.08
0.57
0.28
0.12
0.24
0.13
0.21
0.20
0.13
0.17

16.40
21.8
36.22
19.0
19.9

14.58
9.2143
48.475
9.152
20.96







Source: B. G. Kyle, Chemical and Process Thermodynamics (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1984). Used with permission.

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PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A3
Properties of common liquids, solids, and foods
(a) Liquids

Boiling data at 1 atm

Substance

Normal
boiling
point, C

Ammonia

33.3

185.9
80.2

Latent heat of
vaporization
hfg , kJ/kg
1357

Freezing
point, C
77.7

189.3
5.5

Latent heat
of fusion
hif , kJ/kg
322.4

Argon
Benzene
Brine (20% sodium
chloride by mass)
n-Butane
Carbon dioxide
Ethanol
Ethyl alcohol
Ethylene glycol
Glycerine
Helium
Hydrogen
Isobutane
Kerosene
Mercury
Methane

103.9
0.5
78.4*
78.2
78.6
198.1
179.9
268.9
252.8
11.7
204293
356.7
161.5

385.2
230.5 (at 0C)
838.3
855
800.1
974
22.8
445.7
367.1
251
294.7
510.4

17.4
138.5
56.6
114.2
156
10.8
18.9

259.2
160
24.9
38.9
182.2

109
108
181.1
200.6

59.5
105.7

11.4
58.4

Methanol
Nitrogen

64.5
195.8

1100
198.6

97.7
210

99.2
25.3

124.8

306.3

57.5

180.7

218.8

13.7

187.7

80.0

Octane
Oil (light)
Oxygen
Petroleum
Propane

183

42.1

Refrigerant-134a

26.1

Water

100

161.6
394

Freezing data

212.7
230384
427.8

217.0

2257

96.6

0.0

28
126

80.3

333.7

Liquid properties
Temperature,
C

Density
r, kg/m3

Specific
heat
cp, kJ/kgK

33.3
20
0
25
185.6
20

682
665
639
602
1394
879

4.43
4.52
4.60
4.80
1.14
1.72

20
0.5
0
25
20
20
20
268.9
252.8
11.7
20
25
161.5
100
25
195.8
160
20
25
183
20
42.1
0
50
50
26.1
0
25
0
25
50
75
100

1150
601
298
783
789
1109
1261
146.2
70.7
593.8
820
13,560
423
301
787
809
596
703
910
1141
640
581
529
449
1443
1374
1295
1207
1000
997
988
975
958

3.11
2.31
0.59
2.46
2.84
2.84
2.32
22.8
10.0
2.28
2.00
0.139
3.49
5.79
2.55
2.06
2.97
2.10
1.80
1.71
2.0
2.25
2.53
3.13
1.23
1.27
1.34
1.43
4.22
4.18
4.18
4.19
4.22

* Sublimation temperature. (At pressures below the triple-point pressure of 518 kPa, carbon dioxide exists as a solid or gas. Also, the freezing-point temperature
of carbon dioxide is the triple-point temperature of 56.5C.)

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APPENDIX 1

TABLE A3
Properties of common liquids, solids, and foods (Concluded )
(b) Solids (values are for room temperature unless indicated otherwise)
Density,
r kg/m3

Substance

Specific heat,
cp kJ/kgK

Metals

Density,
r kg/m3

Substance

Specific heat,
cp kJ/kgK

Nonmetals

Aluminum
200 K
250 K
300 K
350 K
400 K
450 K
500 K
Bronze (76% Cu, 2% Zn,
2% Al)
Brass, yellow (65% Cu,
35% Zn)
Copper
173C
100C
50C
0C
27C
100C
200C
Iron
Lead
Magnesium
Nickel
Silver
Steel, mild
Tungsten

8,280

0.797
0.859
0.902
0.929
0.949
0.973
0.997
0.400

8,310

0.400

2,700

Asphalt
Brick, common
Brick, fireclay (500C)
Concrete
Clay
Diamond
Glass, window
Glass, pyrex
Graphite
Granite
Gypsum or plaster board
Ice
200 K
220 K
240 K
260 K
273 K
Limestone
Marble
Plywood (Douglas Fir)
Rubber (soft)
Rubber (hard)
Sand
Stone
Woods, hard (maple, oak, etc.)
Woods, soft (fir, pine, etc.)

0.254
0.342
0.367
0.381
0.386
0.393
0.403
0.45
0.128
1.000
0.440
0.235
0.500
0.130

8,900

7,840
11,310
1,730
8,890
10,470
7,830
19,400

2110
1922
2300
2300
1000
2420
2700
2230
2500
2700
800

0.920
0.79
0.960
0.653
0.920
0.616
0.800
0.840
0.711
1.017
1.09

921
1650
2600
545
1100
1150
1520
1500
721
513

1.56
1.71
1.86
2.01
2.11
0.909
0.880
1.21
1.840
2.009
0.800
0.800
1.26
1.38

(c) Foods
Specific heat,
kJ/kgK

Food
Apples
Bananas
Beef round
Broccoli
Butter
Cheese, swiss
Cherries
Chicken
Corn, sweet
Eggs, whole
Ice cream

Water
content,
% (mass)
84
75
67
90
16
39
80
74
74
74
63

Latent
heat of
Freezing Above
Below
fusion,
point, C freezing freezing kJ/kg
1.1
0.8

0.6

10.0
1.8
2.8
0.6
0.6
5.6

3.65
3.35
3.08
3.86

2.15
3.52
3.32
3.32
3.32
2.95

1.90
1.78
1.68
1.97
1.04
1.33
1.85
1.77
1.77
1.77
1.63

281
251
224
301
53
130
267
247
247
247
210

Specific heat,
kJ/kgK

Food
Lettuce
Milk, whole
Oranges
Potatoes
Salmon fish
Shrimp
Spinach
Strawberries
Tomatoes, ripe
Turkey
Watermelon

Water
content,
% (mass)
95
88
87
78
64
83
93
90
94
64
93

Freezing
point, C

Above
freezing

Below
freezing

Latent
heat of
fusion,
kJ/kg

0.2
0.6
0.8
0.6
2.2
2.2
0.3
0.8
0.5

0.4

4.02
3.79
3.75
3.45
2.98
3.62
3.96
3.86
3.99
2.98
3.96

2.04
1.95
1.94
1.82
1.65
1.89
2.01
1.97
2.02
1.65
2.01

317
294
291
261
214
277
311
301
314
214
311

Source: Values are obtained from various handbooks and other sources or are calculated. Water content and freezing-point data of foods are from ASHRAE,
Handbook of Fundamentals, SI version (Atlanta, GA: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., 1993), Chapter 30,
Table 1. Freezing point is the temperature at which freezing starts for fruits and vegetables, and the average freezing temperature for other foods.

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Page 914

914
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A4
Saturated waterTemperature table
Specific volume,
m3/kg
Temp.,
T C

Sat.
press.,
Psat kPa

0.01
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45

Internal energy,
kJ/kg

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg

Entropy,
kJ/kgK

Sat.
liquid,
vf

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Sat.
liquid,
uf

Evap.,
ufg

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
liquid,
hf

Evap.,
hfg

Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Sat.
Evap., vapor,
sfg
sg

0.6117
0.8725
1.2281
1.7057
2.3392

0.001000
0.001000
0.001000
0.001001
0.001002

206.00
147.03
106.32
77.885
57.762

0.000
21.019
42.020
62.980
83.913

2374.9
2360.8
2346.6
2332.5
2318.4

2374.9
2381.8
2388.7
2395.5
2402.3

0.001
21.020
42.022
62.982
83.915

2500.9
2489.1
2477.2
2465.4
2453.5

2500.9
2510.1
2519.2
2528.3
2537.4

0.0000
0.0763
0.1511
0.2245
0.2965

9.1556
8.9487
8.7488
8.5559
8.3696

9.1556
9.0249
8.8999
8.7803
8.6661

3.1698
4.2469
5.6291
7.3851
9.5953

0.001003
0.001004
0.001006
0.001008
0.001010

43.340
32.879
25.205
19.515
15.251

104.83
125.73
146.63
167.53
188.43

2304.3
2290.2
2276.0
2261.9
2247.7

2409.1
2415.9
2422.7
2429.4
2436.1

104.83
125.74
146.64
167.53
188.44

2441.7
2429.8
2417.9
2406.0
2394.0

2546.5
2555.6
2564.6
2573.5
2582.4

0.3672
0.4368
0.5051
0.5724
0.6386

8.1895
8.0152
7.8466
7.6832
7.5247

8.5567
8.4520
8.3517
8.2556
8.1633

50
55
60
65
70

12.352
15.763
19.947
25.043
31.202

0.001012
0.001015
0.001017
0.001020
0.001023

12.026
9.5639
7.6670
6.1935
5.0396

209.33
230.24
251.16
272.09
293.04

2233.4
2219.1
2204.7
2190.3
2175.8

2442.7
2449.3
2455.9
2462.4
2468.9

209.34
230.26
251.18
272.12
293.07

2382.0
2369.8
2357.7
2345.4
2333.0

2591.3
2600.1
2608.8
2617.5
2626.1

0.7038
0.7680
0.8313
0.8937
0.9551

7.3710
7.2218
7.0769
6.9360
6.7989

8.0748
7.9898
7.9082
7.8296
7.7540

75
80
85
90
95

38.597
47.416
57.868
70.183
84.609

0.001026
0.001029
0.001032
0.001036
0.001040

4.1291
3.4053
2.8261
2.3593
1.9808

313.99
334.97
355.96
376.97
398.00

2161.3
2146.6
2131.9
2117.0
2102.0

2475.3
2481.6
2487.8
2494.0
2500.1

314.03
335.02
356.02
377.04
398.09

2320.6
2308.0
2295.3
2282.5
2269.6

2634.6
2643.0
2651.4
2659.6
2667.6

1.0158
1.0756
1.1346
1.1929
1.2504

6.6655
6.5355
6.4089
6.2853
6.1647

7.6812
7.6111
7.5435
7.4782
7.4151

100
105
110
115
120

101.42
120.90
143.38
169.18
198.67

0.001043
0.001047
0.001052
0.001056
0.001060

1.6720
1.4186
1.2094
1.0360
0.89133

419.06
440.15
461.27
482.42
503.60

2087.0
2071.8
2056.4
2040.9
2025.3

2506.0
2511.9
2517.7
2523.3
2528.9

419.17
440.28
461.42
482.59
503.81

2256.4
2243.1
2229.7
2216.0
2202.1

2675.6
2683.4
2691.1
2698.6
2706.0

1.3072
1.3634
1.4188
1.4737
1.5279

6.0470
5.9319
5.8193
5.7092
5.6013

7.3542
7.2952
7.2382
7.1829
7.1292

125
130
135
140
145

232.23
270.28
313.22
361.53
415.68

0.001065
0.001070
0.001075
0.001080
0.001085

0.77012
0.66808
0.58179
0.50850
0.44600

524.83
546.10
567.41
588.77
610.19

2009.5
1993.4
1977.3
1960.9
1944.2

2534.3
2539.5
2544.7
2549.6
2554.4

525.07
546.38
567.75
589.16
610.64

2188.1
2173.7
2159.1
2144.3
2129.2

2713.1
2720.1
2726.9
2733.5
2739.8

1.5816
1.6346
1.6872
1.7392
1.7908

5.4956
5.3919
5.2901
5.1901
5.0919

7.0771
7.0265
6.9773
6.9294
6.8827

150
155
160
165
170

476.16
543.49
618.23
700.93
792.18

0.001091
0.001096
0.001102
0.001108
0.001114

0.39248
0.34648
0.30680
0.27244
0.24260

631.66
653.19
674.79
696.46
718.20

1927.4
1910.3
1893.0
1875.4
1857.5

2559.1
2563.5
2567.8
2571.9
2575.7

632.18
653.79
675.47
697.24
719.08

2113.8
2098.0
2082.0
2065.6
2048.8

2745.9
2751.8
2757.5
2762.8
2767.9

1.8418
1.8924
1.9426
1.9923
2.0417

4.9953
4.9002
4.8066
4.7143
4.6233

6.8371
6.7927
6.7492
6.7067
6.6650

175
180
185
190
195
200

892.60
1002.8
1123.5
1255.2
1398.8
1554.9

0.001121
0.001127
0.001134
0.001141
0.001149
0.001157

0.21659
0.19384
0.17390
0.15636
0.14089
0.12721

740.02
761.92
783.91
806.00
828.18
850.46

1839.4
1820.9
1802.1
1783.0
1763.6
1743.7

2579.4
2582.8
2586.0
2589.0
2591.7
2594.2

741.02
763.05
785.19
807.43
829.78
852.26

2031.7
2014.2
1996.2
1977.9
1959.0
1939.8

2772.7
2777.2
2781.4
2785.3
2788.8
2792.0

2.0906
2.1392
2.1875
2.2355
2.2831
2.3305

4.5335
4.4448
4.3572
4.2705
4.1847
4.0997

6.6242
6.5841
6.5447
6.5059
6.4678
6.4302

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

12/18/09

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Page 915

915
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A4
Saturated waterTemperature table (Concluded )
Specific volume,
m3/kg
Temp.,
T C

Sat.
press.,
Psat kPa

205
210
215
220
225

Internal energy,
kJ/kg

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg

Sat.
liquid,
vf

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Sat.
liquid,
uf

Evap.,
ufg

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
liquid,
hf

1724.3
1907.7
2105.9
2319.6
2549.7

0.001164
0.001173
0.001181
0.001190
0.001199

0.11508
0.10429
0.094680
0.086094
0.078405

872.86
895.38
918.02
940.79
963.70

1723.5
1702.9
1681.9
1660.5
1638.6

2596.4
2598.3
2599.9
2601.3
2602.3

874.87
897.61
920.50
943.55
966.76

230
235
240
245
250

2797.1
3062.6
3347.0
3651.2
3976.2

0.001209
0.001219
0.001229
0.001240
0.001252

0.071505
0.065300
0.059707
0.054656
0.050085

986.76
1010.0
1033.4
1056.9
1080.7

1616.1
1593.2
1569.8
1545.7
1521.1

2602.9
2603.2
2603.1
2602.7
2601.8

255
260
265
270
275

4322.9
4692.3
5085.3
5503.0
5946.4

0.001263
0.001276
0.001289
0.001303
0.001317

0.045941
0.042175
0.038748
0.035622
0.032767

1104.7
1128.8
1153.3
1177.9
1202.9

1495.8
1469.9
1443.2
1415.7
1387.4

280
285
290
295
300

6416.6
6914.6
7441.8
7999.0
8587.9

0.001333
0.001349
0.001366
0.001384
0.001404

0.030153
0.027756
0.025554
0.023528
0.021659

1228.2
1253.7
1279.7
1306.0
1332.7

305
310
315
320
325

9209.4
9865.0
10,556
11,284
12,051

0.001425
0.001447
0.001472
0.001499
0.001528

0.019932
0.018333
0.016849
0.015470
0.014183

330
335
340
345
350

12,858
13,707
14,601
15,541
16,529

0.001560
0.001597
0.001638
0.001685
0.001741

355
360
365
370
373.95

17,570
18,666
19,822
21,044
22,064

0.001808
0.001895
0.002015
0.002217
0.003106

Entropy,
kJ/kgK
Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Sat.
Evap., vapor,
sfg
sg

1920.0
1899.7
1878.8
1857.4
1835.4

2794.8
2797.3
2799.3
2801.0
2802.2

2.3776
2.4245
2.4712
2.5176
2.5639

4.0154
3.9318
3.8489
3.7664
3.6844

6.3930
6.3563
6.3200
6.2840
6.2483

990.14
1013.7
1037.5
1061.5
1085.7

1812.8
1789.5
1765.5
1740.8
1715.3

2802.9
2803.2
2803.0
2802.2
2801.0

2.6100
2.6560
2.7018
2.7476
2.7933

3.6028
3.5216
3.4405
3.3596
3.2788

6.2128
6.1775
6.1424
6.1072
6.0721

2600.5
2598.7
2596.5
2593.7
2590.3

1110.1
1134.8
1159.8
1185.1
1210.7

1689.0
1661.8
1633.7
1604.6
1574.5

2799.1
2796.6
2793.5
2789.7
2785.2

2.8390
2.8847
2.9304
2.9762
3.0221

3.1979
3.1169
3.0358
2.9542
2.8723

6.0369
6.0017
5.9662
5.9305
5.8944

1358.2
1328.1
1296.9
1264.5
1230.9

2586.4
2581.8
2576.5
2570.5
2563.6

1236.7
1263.1
1289.8
1317.1
1344.8

1543.2
1510.7
1476.9
1441.6
1404.8

2779.9
2773.7
2766.7
2758.7
2749.6

3.0681
3.1144
3.1608
3.2076
3.2548

2.7898
2.7066
2.6225
2.5374
2.4511

5.8579
5.8210
5.7834
5.7450
5.7059

1360.0
1387.7
1416.1
1445.1
1475.0

1195.9
1159.3
1121.1
1080.9
1038.5

2555.8
2547.1
2537.2
2526.0
2513.4

1373.1
1402.0
1431.6
1462.0
1493.4

1366.3
1325.9
1283.4
1238.5
1191.0

2739.4
2727.9
2715.0
2700.6
2684.3

3.3024
3.3506
3.3994
3.4491
3.4998

2.3633
2.2737
2.1821
2.0881
1.9911

5.6657
5.6243
5.5816
5.5372
5.4908

0.012979
0.011848
0.010783
0.009772
0.008806

1505.7
1537.5
1570.7
1605.5
1642.4

993.5
945.5
893.8
837.7
775.9

2499.2
2483.0
2464.5
2443.2
2418.3

1525.8
1559.4
1594.6
1631.7
1671.2

1140.3
1086.0
1027.4
963.4
892.7

2666.0
2645.4
2622.0
2595.1
2563.9

3.5516
3.6050
3.6602
3.7179
3.7788

1.8906
1.7857
1.6756
1.5585
1.4326

5.4422
5.3907
5.3358
5.2765
5.2114

0.007872
0.006950
0.006009
0.004953
0.003106

1682.2
1726.2
1777.2
1844.5
2015.7

706.4
625.7
526.4
385.6
0

2388.6
2351.9
2303.6
2230.1
2015.7

1714.0
1761.5
1817.2
1891.2
2084.3

812.9
720.1
605.5
443.1
0

2526.9
2481.6
2422.7
2334.3
2084.3

3.8442
3.9165
4.0004
4.1119
4.4070

1.2942
1.1373
0.9489
0.6890
0

5.1384
5.0537
4.9493
4.8009
4.4070

Evap.,
hfg

Source: Tables A4 through A8 are generated using the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software developed by S. A. Klein and F. L. Alvarado. The
routine used in calculations is the highly accurate Steam_IAPWS, which incorporates the 1995 Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of Ordinary
Water Substance for General and Scientific Use, issued by The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS). This formulation
replaces the 1984 formulation of Haar, Gallagher, and Kell (NBS/NRC Steam Tables, Hemisphere Publishing Co., 1984), which is also available in EES
as the routine STEAM. The new formulation is based on the correlations of Saul and Wagner (J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 16, 893, 1987) with modifications to adjust to the International Temperature Scale of 1990. The modifications are described by Wagner and Pruss (J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 22,
783, 1993). The properties of ice are based on Hyland and Wexler, Formulations for the Thermodynamic Properties of the Saturated Phases of H2O
from 173.15 K to 473.15 K, ASHRAE Trans., Part 2A, Paper 2793, 1983.

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

12/18/09

10:05 AM

Page 916

916
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A5
Saturated waterPressure table
Specific volume,
m3/kg
Press.,
P kPa

Sat.
temp.,
Tsat C

Sat.
liquid,
vf

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Internal energy,
kJ/kg

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg

Entropy,
kJ/kgK

Sat.
liquid,
uf

Evap.,
ufg

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
liquid,
hf

Evap.,
hfg

Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Evap.,
sfg

Sat.
vapor,
sg

1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0

6.97
13.02
17.50
21.08
24.08

0.001000 129.19
0.001001 87.964
0.001001 66.990
0.001002 54.242
0.001003 45.654

29.302
54.686
73.431
88.422
100.98

2355.2
2338.1
2325.5
2315.4
2306.9

2384.5
2392.8
2398.9
2403.8
2407.9

29.303
54.688
73.433
88.424
100.98

2484.4
2470.1
2459.5
2451.0
2443.9

2513.7
2524.7
2532.9
2539.4
2544.8

0.1059
0.1956
0.2606
0.3118
0.3543

8.8690
8.6314
8.4621
8.3302
8.2222

8.9749
8.8270
8.7227
8.6421
8.5765

4.0
5.0
7.5
10
15

28.96
32.87
40.29
45.81
53.97

0.001004
0.001005
0.001008
0.001010
0.001014

121.39
137.75
168.74
191.79
225.93

2293.1
2282.1
2261.1
2245.4
2222.1

2414.5
2419.8
2429.8
2437.2
2448.0

121.39
137.75
168.75
191.81
225.94

2432.3
2423.0
2405.3
2392.1
2372.3

2553.7
2560.7
2574.0
2583.9
2598.3

0.4224
0.4762
0.5763
0.6492
0.7549

8.0510
7.9176
7.6738
7.4996
7.2522

8.4734
8.3938
8.2501
8.1488
8.0071

20
25
30
40
50

60.06
64.96
69.09
75.86
81.32

0.001017
0.001020
0.001022
0.001026
0.001030

7.6481
6.2034
5.2287
3.9933
3.2403

251.40
271.93
289.24
317.58
340.49

2204.6
2190.4
2178.5
2158.8
2142.7

2456.0
2462.4
2467.7
2476.3
2483.2

251.42
271.96
289.27
317.62
340.54

2357.5
2345.5
2335.3
2318.4
2304.7

2608.9
2617.5
2624.6
2636.1
2645.2

0.8320
0.8932
0.9441
1.0261
1.0912

7.0752
6.9370
6.8234
6.6430
6.5019

7.9073
7.8302
7.7675
7.6691
7.5931

75
100
101.325
125
150

91.76
99.61
99.97
105.97
111.35

0.001037
0.001043
0.001043
0.001048
0.001053

2.2172
1.6941
1.6734
1.3750
1.1594

384.36
417.40
418.95
444.23
466.97

2111.8
2088.2
2087.0
2068.8
2052.3

2496.1
2505.6
2506.0
2513.0
2519.2

384.44
417.51
419.06
444.36
467.13

2278.0
2257.5
2256.5
2240.6
2226.0

2662.4
2675.0
2675.6
2684.9
2693.1

1.2132
1.3028
1.3069
1.3741
1.4337

6.2426
6.0562
6.0476
5.9100
5.7894

7.4558
7.3589
7.3545
7.2841
7.2231

175
200
225
250
275

116.04
120.21
123.97
127.41
130.58

0.001057
0.001061
0.001064
0.001067
0.001070

1.0037
0.88578
0.79329
0.71873
0.65732

486.82
504.50
520.47
535.08
548.57

2037.7
2024.6
2012.7
2001.8
1991.6

2524.5
2529.1
2533.2
2536.8
2540.1

487.01
504.71
520.71
535.35
548.86

2213.1
2201.6
2191.0
2181.2
2172.0

2700.2
2706.3
2711.7
2716.5
2720.9

1.4850
1.5302
1.5706
1.6072
1.6408

5.6865
5.5968
5.5171
5.4453
5.3800

7.1716
7.1270
7.0877
7.0525
7.0207

300
325
350
375
400

133.52
136.27
138.86
141.30
143.61

0.001073
0.001076
0.001079
0.001081
0.001084

0.60582
0.56199
0.52422
0.49133
0.46242

561.11
572.84
583.89
594.32
604.22

1982.1
1973.1
1964.6
1956.6
1948.9

2543.2
2545.9
2548.5
2550.9
2553.1

561.43
573.19
584.26
594.73
604.66

2163.5
2155.4
2147.7
2140.4
2133.4

2724.9
2728.6
2732.0
2735.1
2738.1

1.6717
1.7005
1.7274
1.7526
1.7765

5.3200
5.2645
5.2128
5.1645
5.1191

6.9917
6.9650
6.9402
6.9171
6.8955

450
500
550
600
650

147.90
151.83
155.46
158.83
161.98

0.001088
0.001093
0.001097
0.001101
0.001104

0.41392
0.37483
0.34261
0.31560
0.29260

622.65
639.54
655.16
669.72
683.37

1934.5
1921.2
1908.8
1897.1
1886.1

2557.1
2560.7
2563.9
2566.8
2569.4

623.14
640.09
655.77
670.38
684.08

2120.3
2108.0
2096.6
2085.8
2075.5

2743.4
2748.1
2752.4
2756.2
2759.6

1.8205
1.8604
1.8970
1.9308
1.9623

5.0356
4.9603
4.8916
4.8285
4.7699

6.8561
6.8207
6.7886
6.7593
6.7322

700
750

164.95
167.75

0.001108
0.001111

0.27278 696.23
0.25552 708.40

1875.6
1865.6

2571.8
2574.0

697.00
709.24

2065.8 2762.8 1.9918 4.7153 6.7071


2056.4 2765.7 2.0195 4.6642 6.6837

34.791
28.185
19.233
14.670
10.020

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

12/18/09

10:05 AM

Page 917

917
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A5
Saturated waterPressure table (Concluded )
Specific volume,
m3/kg

Internal energy,
kJ/kg

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg

Entropy,
kJ/kgK

Press.,
P kPa

Sat.
temp.,
Tsat C

Sat.
liquid,
vf

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Sat.
liquid,
uf

Evap.,
ufg

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
liquid,
hf

Evap.,
hfg

Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Evap.,
sfg

Sat.
vapor,
sg

800
850
900
950
1000

170.41
172.94
175.35
177.66
179.88

0.001115
0.001118
0.001121
0.001124
0.001127

0.24035
0.22690
0.21489
0.20411
0.19436

719.97
731.00
741.55
751.67
761.39

1856.1
1846.9
1838.1
1829.6
1821.4

2576.0
2577.9
2579.6
2581.3
2582.8

720.87
731.95
742.56
752.74
762.51

2047.5
2038.8
2030.5
2022.4
2014.6

2768.3
2770.8
2773.0
2775.2
2777.1

2.0457
2.0705
2.0941
2.1166
2.1381

4.6160
4.5705
4.5273
4.4862
4.4470

6.6616
6.6409
6.6213
6.6027
6.5850

1100
1200
1300
1400
1500

184.06
187.96
191.60
195.04
198.29

0.001133
0.001138
0.001144
0.001149
0.001154

0.17745
0.16326
0.15119
0.14078
0.13171

779.78
796.96
813.10
828.35
842.82

1805.7
1790.9
1776.8
1763.4
1750.6

2585.5
2587.8
2589.9
2591.8
2593.4

781.03
798.33
814.59
829.96
844.55

1999.6
1985.4
1971.9
1958.9
1946.4

2780.7
2783.8
2786.5
2788.9
2791.0

2.1785
2.2159
2.2508
2.2835
2.3143

4.3735
4.3058
4.2428
4.1840
4.1287

6.5520
6.5217
6.4936
6.4675
6.4430

1750
2000
2250
2500
3000

205.72
212.38
218.41
223.95
233.85

0.001166
0.001177
0.001187
0.001197
0.001217

0.11344
876.12
0.099587
906.12
0.088717
933.54
0.079952
958.87
0.066667 1004.6

1720.6
1693.0
1667.3
1643.2
1598.5

2596.7 878.16
2599.1 908.47
2600.9 936.21
2602.1 961.87
2603.2 1008.3

1917.1
1889.8
1864.3
1840.1
1794.9

2795.2
2798.3
2800.5
2801.9
2803.2

2.3844
2.4467
2.5029
2.5542
2.6454

4.0033
3.8923
3.7926
3.7016
3.5402

6.3877
6.3390
6.2954
6.2558
6.1856

3500
4000
5000
6000
7000

242.56
250.35
263.94
275.59
285.83

0.001235
0.001252
0.001286
0.001319
0.001352

0.057061
0.049779
0.039448
0.032449
0.027378

1045.4
1082.4
1148.1
1205.8
1258.0

1557.6
1519.3
1448.9
1384.1
1323.0

2603.0
2601.7
2597.0
2589.9
2581.0

1049.7
1087.4
1154.5
1213.8
1267.5

1753.0
1713.5
1639.7
1570.9
1505.2

2802.7
2800.8
2794.2
2784.6
2772.6

2.7253
2.7966
2.9207
3.0275
3.1220

3.3991
3.2731
3.0530
2.8627
2.6927

6.1244
6.0696
5.9737
5.8902
5.8148

8000
9000
10,000
11,000
12,000

295.01
303.35
311.00
318.08
324.68

0.001384
0.001418
0.001452
0.001488
0.001526

0.023525
0.020489
0.018028
0.015988
0.014264

1306.0
1350.9
1393.3
1433.9
1473.0

1264.5
1207.6
1151.8
1096.6
1041.3

2570.5
2558.5
2545.2
2530.4
2514.3

1317.1
1363.7
1407.8
1450.2
1491.3

1441.6
1379.3
1317.6
1256.1
1194.1

2758.7
2742.9
2725.5
2706.3
2685.4

3.2077
3.2866
3.3603
3.4299
3.4964

2.5373
2.3925
2.2556
2.1245
1.9975

5.7450
5.6791
5.6159
5.5544
5.4939

13,000
14,000
15,000
16,000
17,000

330.85
336.67
342.16
347.36
352.29

0.001566
0.001610
0.001657
0.001710
0.001770

0.012781
0.011487
0.010341
0.009312
0.008374

1511.0
1548.4
1585.5
1622.6
1660.2

985.5
928.7
870.3
809.4
745.1

2496.6
2477.1
2455.7
2432.0
2405.4

1531.4
1571.0
1610.3
1649.9
1690.3

1131.3
1067.0
1000.5
931.1
857.4

2662.7
2637.9
2610.8
2581.0
2547.7

3.5606
3.6232
3.6848
3.7461
3.8082

1.8730
1.7497
1.6261
1.5005
1.3709

5.4336
5.3728
5.3108
5.2466
5.1791

18,000
19,000
20,000
21,000
22,000
22,064

356.99
361.47
365.75
369.83
373.71
373.95

0.001840
0.001926
0.002038
0.002207
0.002703
0.003106

0.007504
0.006677
0.005862
0.004994
0.003644
0.003106

1699.1
1740.3
1785.8
1841.6
1951.7
2015.7

675.9
598.9
509.0
391.9
140.8
0

2375.0
2339.2
2294.8
2233.5
2092.4
2015.7

1732.2
1776.8
1826.6
1888.0
2011.1
2084.3

777.8
689.2
585.5
450.4
161.5
0

2510.0
2466.0
2412.1
2338.4
2172.6
2084.3

3.8720
3.9396
4.0146
4.1071
4.2942
4.4070

1.2343
1.0860
0.9164
0.7005
0.2496
0

5.1064
5.0256
4.9310
4.8076
4.5439
4.4070

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

12/18/09

10:05 AM

Page 918

918
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A6
Superheated water

T
C

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  0.01 MPa (45.81C)*


Sat.
50
100
150
200
250
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

14.670
14.867
17.196
19.513
21.826
24.136
26.446
31.063
35.680
40.296
44.911
49.527
54.143
58.758
63.373
67.989
72.604

2437.2
2443.3
2515.5
2587.9
2661.4
2736.1
2812.3
2969.3
3132.9
3303.3
3480.8
3665.4
3856.9
4055.3
4260.0
4470.9
4687.4

2583.9
2592.0
2687.5
2783.0
2879.6
2977.5
3076.7
3280.0
3489.7
3706.3
3929.9
4160.6
4398.3
4642.8
4893.8
5150.8
5413.4

8.1488
8.1741
8.4489
8.6893
8.9049
9.1015
9.2827
9.6094
9.8998
10.1631
10.4056
10.6312
10.8429
11.0429
11.2326
11.4132
11.5857

P  0.20 MPa (120.21C)


Sat.
150
200
250
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.88578
0.95986
1.08049
1.19890
1.31623
1.54934
1.78142
2.01302
2.24434
2.47550
2.70656
2.93755
3.16848
3.39938
3.63026

Sat.
200
250
300
350
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.37483
0.42503
0.47443
0.52261
0.57015
0.61731
0.71095
0.80409
0.89696
0.98966
1.08227
1.17480
1.26728
1.35972
1.45214

2529.1
2577.1
2654.6
2731.4
2808.8
2967.2
3131.4
3302.2
3479.9
3664.7
3856.3
4054.8
4259.6
4470.5
4687.1

2706.3
7.1270
2769.1
7.2810
2870.7
7.5081
2971.2
7.7100
3072.1
7.8941
3277.0
8.2236
3487.7
8.5153
3704.8
8.7793
3928.8
9.0221
4159.8
9.2479
4397.7
9.4598
4642.3
9.6599
4893.3
9.8497
5150.4 10.0304
5413.1 10.2029

P  0.50 MPa (151.83C)


2560.7
2643.3
2723.8
2803.3
2883.0
2963.7
3129.0
3300.4
3478.6
3663.6
3855.4
4054.0
4259.0
4470.0
4686.6

2748.1
2855.8
2961.0
3064.6
3168.1
3272.4
3484.5
3702.5
3927.0
4158.4
4396.6
4641.4
4892.6
5149.8
5412.6

6.8207
7.0610
7.2725
7.4614
7.6346
7.7956
8.0893
8.3544
8.5978
8.8240
9.0362
9.2364
9.4263
9.6071
9.7797

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

P  0.05 MPa (81.32C)


2483.2

2645.2

7.5931

3.4187
3.8897
4.3562
4.8206
5.2841
6.2094
7.1338
8.0577
8.9813
9.9047
10.8280
11.7513
12.6745
13.5977
14.5209

2511.5
2585.7
2660.0
2735.1
2811.6
2968.9
3132.6
3303.1
3480.6
3665.2
3856.8
4055.2
4259.9
4470.8
4687.3

2682.4
2780.2
2877.8
2976.2
3075.8
3279.3
3489.3
3706.0
3929.7
4160.4
4398.2
4642.7
4893.7
5150.7
5413.3

7.6953
7.9413
8.1592
8.3568
8.5387
8.8659
9.1566
9.4201
9.6626
9.8883
10.1000
10.3000
10.4897
10.6704
10.8429

P  0.30 MPa (133.52C)


0.60582
0.63402
0.71643
0.79645
0.87535
1.03155
1.18672
1.34139
1.49580
1.65004
1.80417
1.95824
2.11226
2.26624
2.42019

2543.2
2571.0
2651.0
2728.9
2807.0
2966.0
3130.6
3301.6
3479.5
3664.3
3856.0
4054.5
4259.4
4470.3
4686.9

2724.9 6.9917
2761.2 7.0792
2865.9 7.3132
2967.9 7.5180
3069.6 7.7037
3275.5 8.0347
3486.6 8.3271
3704.0 8.5915
3928.2 8.8345
4159.3 9.0605
4397.3 9.2725
4642.0 9.4726
4893.1 9.6624
5150.2 9.8431
5413.0 10.0157

P  0.60 MPa (158.83C)


0.31560
0.35212
0.39390
0.43442
0.47428
0.51374
0.59200
0.66976
0.74725
0.82457
0.90179
0.97893
1.05603
1.13309
1.21012

2566.8
2639.4
2721.2
2801.4
2881.6
2962.5
3128.2
3299.8
3478.1
3663.2
3855.1
4053.8
4258.8
4469.8
4686.4

2756.2
2850.6
2957.6
3062.0
3166.1
3270.8
3483.4
3701.7
3926.4
4157.9
4396.2
4641.1
4892.4
5149.6
5412.5

Properties of saturated vapor at the specified pressure.

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  0.10 MPa (99.61C)

3.2403

*The temperature in parentheses is the saturation temperature at the specified pressure.

s
kJ/kgK

6.7593
6.9683
7.1833
7.3740
7.5481
7.7097
8.0041
8.2695
8.5132
8.7395
8.9518
9.1521
9.3420
9.5229
9.6955

1.6941 2505.6

2675.0

1.6959
1.9367
2.1724
2.4062
2.6389
3.1027
3.5655
4.0279
4.4900
4.9519
5.4137
5.8755
6.3372
6.7988
7.2605

2675.8 7.3611
2776.6 7.6148
2875.5 7.8356
2974.5 8.0346
3074.5 8.2172
3278.6 8.5452
3488.7 8.8362
3705.6 9.0999
3929.4 9.3424
4160.2 9.5682
4398.0 9.7800
4642.6 9.9800
4893.6 10.1698
5150.6 10.3504
5413.3 10.5229

2506.2
2582.9
2658.2
2733.9
2810.7
2968.3
3132.2
3302.8
3480.4
3665.0
3856.7
4055.0
4259.8
4470.7
4687.2

7.3589

P  0.40 MPa (143.61C)


0.46242
0.47088
0.53434
0.59520
0.65489
0.77265
0.88936
1.00558
1.12152
1.23730
1.35298
1.46859
1.58414
1.69966
1.81516

2553.1
2564.4
2647.2
2726.4
2805.1
2964.9
3129.8
3301.0
3479.0
3663.9
3855.7
4054.3
4259.2
4470.2
4686.7

2738.1
2752.8
2860.9
2964.5
3067.1
3273.9
3485.5
3703.3
3927.6
4158.9
4396.9
4641.7
4892.9
5150.0
5412.8

6.8955
6.9306
7.1723
7.3804
7.5677
7.9003
8.1933
8.4580
8.7012
8.9274
9.1394
9.3396
9.5295
9.7102
9.8828

P  0.80 MPa (170.41C)


0.24035
0.26088
0.29321
0.32416
0.35442
0.38429
0.44332
0.50186
0.56011
0.61820
0.67619
0.73411
0.79197
0.84980
0.90761

2576.0
2631.1
2715.9
2797.5
2878.6
2960.2
3126.6
3298.7
3477.2
3662.5
3854.5
4053.3
4258.3
4469.4
4686.1

2768.3
2839.8
2950.4
3056.9
3162.2
3267.7
3481.3
3700.1
3925.3
4157.0
4395.5
4640.5
4891.9
5149.3
5412.2

6.6616
6.8177
7.0402
7.2345
7.4107
7.5735
7.8692
8.1354
8.3794
8.6061
8.8185
9.0189
9.2090
9.3898
9.5625

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

12/18/09

10:05 AM

Page 919

919
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A6
Superheated water (Concluded )

T
C

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  1.00 MPa (179.88C)


Sat.
200
250
300
350
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.19437
0.20602
0.23275
0.25799
0.28250
0.30661
0.35411
0.40111
0.44783
0.49438
0.54083
0.58721
0.63354
0.67983
0.72610

Sat.
225
250
300
350
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.12374
0.13293
0.14190
0.15866
0.17459
0.19007
0.22029
0.24999
0.27941
0.30865
0.33780
0.36687
0.39589
0.42488
0.45383

Sat.
225
250
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.07995
0.08026
0.08705
0.09894
0.10979
0.12012
0.13015
0.13999
0.15931
0.17835
0.19722
0.21597
0.23466
0.25330
0.27190
0.29048

2582.8
2622.3
2710.4
2793.7
2875.7
2957.9
3125.0
3297.5
3476.3
3661.7
3853.9
4052.7
4257.9
4469.0
4685.8

2777.1
2828.3
2943.1
3051.6
3158.2
3264.5
3479.1
3698.6
3924.1
4156.1
4394.8
4640.0
4891.4
5148.9
5411.9

6.5850
6.6956
6.9265
7.1246
7.3029
7.4670
7.7642
8.0311
8.2755
8.5024
8.7150
8.9155
9.1057
9.2866
9.4593

P  1.60 MPa (201.37C)


2594.8 2792.8
2645.1 2857.8
2692.9 2919.9
2781.6 3035.4
2866.6 3146.0
2950.8 3254.9
3120.1 3472.6
3293.9 3693.9
3473.5 3920.5
3659.5 4153.4
3852.1 4392.6
4051.2 4638.2
4256.6 4890.0
4467.9 5147.7
4684.8 5410.9

6.4200
6.5537
6.6753
6.8864
7.0713
7.2394
7.5410
7.8101
8.0558
8.2834
8.4965
8.6974
8.8878
9.0689
9.2418

P  2.50 MPa (223.95C)


2602.1
2604.8
2663.3
2762.2
2852.5
2939.8
3026.2
3112.8
3288.5
3469.3
3656.2
3849.4
4049.0
4254.7
4466.3
4683.4

2801.9 6.2558
2805.5 6.2629
2880.9 6.4107
3009.6 6.6459
3127.0 6.8424
3240.1 7.0170
3351.6 7.1768
3462.8 7.3254
3686.8 7.5979
3915.2 7.8455
4149.2 8.0744
4389.3 8.2882
4635.6 8.4897
4887.9 8.6804
5146.0 8.8618
5409.5 9.0349

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  1.20 MPa (187.96C)


0.16326
0.16934
0.19241
0.21386
0.23455
0.25482
0.29464
0.33395
0.37297
0.41184
0.45059
0.48928
0.52792
0.56652
0.60509

2587.8
2612.9
2704.7
2789.7
2872.7
2955.5
3123.4
3296.3
3475.3
3661.0
3853.3
4052.2
4257.5
4468.7
4685.5

2783.8
2816.1
2935.6
3046.3
3154.2
3261.3
3477.0
3697.0
3922.9
4155.2
4394.0
4639.4
4891.0
5148.5
5411.6

6.5217
6.5909
6.8313
7.0335
7.2139
7.3793
7.6779
7.9456
8.1904
8.4176
8.6303
8.8310
9.0212
9.2022
9.3750

P  1.80 MPa (207.11C)


0.11037
0.11678
0.12502
0.14025
0.15460
0.16849
0.19551
0.22200
0.24822
0.27426
0.30020
0.32606
0.35188
0.37766
0.40341

2597.3
2637.0
2686.7
2777.4
2863.6
2948.3
3118.5
3292.7
3472.6
3658.8
3851.5
4050.7
4256.2
4467.6
4684.5

2795.9
2847.2
2911.7
3029.9
3141.9
3251.6
3470.4
3692.3
3919.4
4152.4
4391.9
4637.6
4889.6
5147.3
5410.6

6.3775
6.4825
6.6088
6.8246
7.0120
7.1814
7.4845
7.7543
8.0005
8.2284
8.4417
8.6427
8.8331
9.0143
9.1872

P  3.00 MPa (233.85C)

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  1.40 MPa (195.04C)


0.14078
0.14303
0.16356
0.18233
0.20029
0.21782
0.25216
0.28597
0.31951
0.35288
0.38614
0.41933
0.45247
0.48558
0.51866

2591.8
2602.7
2698.9
2785.7
2869.7
2953.1
3121.8
3295.1
3474.4
3660.3
3852.7
4051.7
4257.0
4468.3
4685.1

2788.9
2803.0
2927.9
3040.9
3150.1
3258.1
3474.8
3695.5
3921.7
4154.3
4393.3
4638.8
4890.5
5148.1
5411.3

6.4675
6.4975
6.7488
6.9553
7.1379
7.3046
7.6047
7.8730
8.1183
8.3458
8.5587
8.7595
8.9497
9.1308
9.3036

P  2.00 MPa (212.38C)


0.09959
0.10381
0.11150
0.12551
0.13860
0.15122
0.17568
0.19962
0.22326
0.24674
0.27012
0.29342
0.31667
0.33989
0.36308

2599.1 2798.3 6.3390


2628.5 2836.1 6.4160
2680.3 2903.3 6.5475
2773.2 3024.2 6.7684
2860.5 3137.7 6.9583
2945.9 3248.4 7.1292
3116.9 3468.3 7.4337
3291.5 3690.7 7.7043
3471.7 3918.2 7.9509
3658.0 4151.5 8.1791
3850.9 4391.1 8.3925
4050.2 4637.1 8.5936
4255.7 4889.1 8.7842
4467.2 5147.0 8.9654
4684.2 5410.3 9.1384

P  3.50 MPa (242.56C)

0.06667

2603.2

2803.2

6.1856

0.05706

2603.0

2802.7 6.1244

0.07063
0.08118
0.09056
0.09938
0.10789
0.11620
0.13245
0.14841
0.16420
0.17988
0.19549
0.21105
0.22658
0.24207

2644.7
2750.8
2844.4
2933.6
3021.2
3108.6
3285.5
3467.0
3654.3
3847.9
4047.7
4253.6
4465.3
4682.6

2856.5
2994.3
3116.1
3231.7
3344.9
3457.2
3682.8
3912.2
4146.9
4387.5
4634.2
4886.7
5145.1
5408.8

6.2893
6.5412
6.7450
6.9235
7.0856
7.2359
7.5103
7.7590
7.9885
8.2028
8.4045
8.5955
8.7771
8.9502

0.05876
0.06845
0.07680
0.08456
0.09198
0.09919
0.11325
0.12702
0.14061
0.15410
0.16751
0.18087
0.19420
0.20750

2624.0 2829.7
2738.8 2978.4
2836.0 3104.9
2927.2 3223.2
3016.1 3338.1
3104.5 3451.7
3282.5 3678.9
3464.7 3909.3
3652.5 4144.6
3846.4 4385.7
4046.4 4632.7
4252.5 4885.6
4464.4 5144.1
4681.8 5408.0

6.1764
6.4484
6.6601
6.8428
7.0074
7.1593
7.4357
7.6855
7.9156
8.1304
8.3324
8.5236
8.7053
8.8786

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

12/18/09

10:05 AM

Page 920

920
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A6
Superheated water (Continued)

T
C

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  4.0 MPa (250.35C)


Sat.
275
300
350
400
450
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.04978
0.05461
0.05887
0.06647
0.07343
0.08004
0.08644
0.09886
0.11098
0.12292
0.13476
0.14653
0.15824
0.16992
0.18157

Sat.
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.03245
0.03619
0.04225
0.04742
0.05217
0.05667
0.06102
0.06527
0.07355
0.08165
0.08964
0.09756
0.10543
0.11326
0.12107

Sat.
325
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.020489
0.023284
0.025816
0.029960
0.033524
0.036793
0.039885
0.042861
0.045755
0.048589
0.054132
0.059562
0.064919
0.070224
0.075492
0.080733

2601.7
2668.9
2726.2
2827.4
2920.8
3011.0
3100.3
3279.4
3462.4
3650.6
3844.8
4045.1
4251.4
4463.5
4680.9

2800.8
2887.3
2961.7
3093.3
3214.5
3331.2
3446.0
3674.9
3906.3
4142.3
4383.9
4631.2
4884.4
5143.2
5407.2

6.0696
6.2312
6.3639
6.5843
6.7714
6.9386
7.0922
7.3706
7.6214
7.8523
8.0675
8.2698
8.4612
8.6430
8.8164

P  6.0 MPa (275.59C)


2589.9
2668.4
2790.4
2893.7
2989.9
3083.1
3175.2
3267.2
3453.0
3643.2
3838.8
4040.1
4247.1
4459.8
4677.7

2784.6
2885.6
3043.9
3178.3
3302.9
3423.1
3541.3
3658.8
3894.3
4133.1
4376.6
4625.4
4879.7
5139.4
5404.1

5.8902
6.0703
6.3357
6.5432
6.7219
6.8826
7.0308
7.1693
7.4247
7.6582
7.8751
8.0786
8.2709
8.4534
8.6273

P  9.0 MPa (303.35C)


2558.5
2647.6
2725.0
2849.2
2956.3
3056.3
3153.0
3248.4
3343.4
3438.8
3632.0
3829.6
4032.4
4240.7
4454.2
4672.9

2742.9
2857.1
2957.3
3118.8
3258.0
3387.4
3512.0
3634.1
3755.2
3876.1
4119.2
4365.7
4616.7
4872.7
5133.6
5399.5

5.6791
5.8738
6.0380
6.2876
6.4872
6.6603
6.8164
6.9605
7.0954
7.2229
7.4606
7.6802
7.8855
8.0791
8.2625
8.4371

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  4.5 MPa (257.44C)


0.04406
0.04733
0.05138
0.05842
0.06477
0.07076
0.07652
0.08766
0.09850
0.10916
0.11972
0.13020
0.14064
0.15103
0.16140

2599.7
2651.4
2713.0
2818.6
2914.2
3005.8
3096.0
3276.4
3460.0
3648.8
3843.3
4043.9
4250.4
4462.6
4680.1

2798.0
2864.4
2944.2
3081.5
3205.7
3324.2
3440.4
3670.9
3903.3
4140.0
4382.1
4629.8
4883.2
5142.2
5406.5

6.0198
6.1429
6.2854
6.5153
6.7071
6.8770
7.0323
7.3127
7.5647
7.7962
8.0118
8.2144
8.4060
8.5880
8.7616

P  7.0 MPa (285.83C)


0.027378
0.029492
0.035262
0.039958
0.044187
0.048157
0.051966
0.055665
0.062850
0.069856
0.076750
0.083571
0.090341
0.097075
0.103781

2581.0
2633.5
2770.1
2879.5
2979.0
3074.3
3167.9
3261.0
3448.3
3639.5
3835.7
4037.5
4245.0
4457.9
4676.1

2772.6
2839.9
3016.9
3159.2
3288.3
3411.4
3531.6
3650.6
3888.3
4128.5
4373.0
4622.5
4877.4
5137.4
5402.6

5.8148
5.9337
6.2305
6.4502
6.6353
6.8000
6.9507
7.0910
7.3487
7.5836
7.8014
8.0055
8.1982
8.3810
8.5551

P  10.0 MPa (311.00C)


0.018028
0.019877
0.022440
0.026436
0.029782
0.032811
0.035655
0.038378
0.041018
0.043597
0.048629
0.053547
0.058391
0.063183
0.067938
0.072667

2545.2
2611.6
2699.6
2833.1
2944.5
3047.0
3145.4
3242.0
3338.0
3434.0
3628.2
3826.5
4029.9
4238.5
4452.4
4671.3

2725.5
2810.3
2924.0
3097.5
3242.4
3375.1
3502.0
3625.8
3748.1
3870.0
4114.5
4362.0
4613.8
4870.3
5131.7
5398.0

5.6159
5.7596
5.9460
6.2141
6.4219
6.5995
6.7585
6.9045
7.0408
7.1693
7.4085
7.6290
7.8349
8.0289
8.2126
8.3874

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  5.0 MPa (263.94C)


0.03945
0.04144
0.04535
0.05197
0.05784
0.06332
0.06858
0.07870
0.08852
0.09816
0.10769
0.11715
0.12655
0.13592
0.14527

2597.0
2632.3
2699.0
2809.5
2907.5
3000.6
3091.8
3273.3
3457.7
3646.9
3841.8
4042.6
4249.3
4461.6
4679.3

2794.2
2839.5
2925.7
3069.3
3196.7
3317.2
3434.7
3666.9
3900.3
4137.7
4380.2
4628.3
4882.1
5141.3
5405.7

5.9737
6.0571
6.2111
6.4516
6.6483
6.8210
6.9781
7.2605
7.5136
7.7458
7.9619
8.1648
8.3566
8.5388
8.7124

P  8.0 MPa (295.01C)


0.023525
0.024279
0.029975
0.034344
0.038194
0.041767
0.045172
0.048463
0.054829
0.061011
0.067082
0.073079
0.079025
0.084934
0.090817

2570.5
2592.3
2748.3
2864.6
2967.8
3065.4
3160.5
3254.7
3443.6
3635.7
3832.7
4035.0
4242.8
4456.1
4674.5

2758.7
2786.5
2988.1
3139.4
3273.3
3399.5
3521.8
3642.4
3882.2
4123.8
4369.3
4619.6
4875.0
5135.5
5401.0

5.7450
5.7937
6.1321
6.3658
6.5579
6.7266
6.8800
7.0221
7.2822
7.5185
7.7372
7.9419
8.1350
8.3181
8.4925

P  12.5 MPa (327.81C)


0.013496 2505.6

2674.3 5.4638

0.016138
0.020030
0.023019
0.025630
0.028033
0.030306
0.032491
0.034612
0.038724
0.042720
0.046641
0.050510
0.054342
0.058147

2826.6
3040.0
3201.5
3343.6
3476.5
3604.6
3730.2
3854.6
4102.8
4352.9
4606.5
4864.5
5127.0
5394.1

2624.9
2789.6
2913.7
3023.2
3126.1
3225.8
3324.1
3422.0
3618.8
3818.9
4023.5
4233.1
4447.7
4667.3

5.7130
6.0433
6.2749
6.4651
6.6317
6.7828
6.9227
7.0540
7.2967
7.5195
7.7269
7.9220
8.1065
8.2819

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

12/18/09

10:05 AM

Page 921

921
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A6
Superheated water (Concluded )

T
C

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  15.0 MPa (342.16C)


Sat.
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.010341
0.011481
0.015671
0.018477
0.020828
0.022945
0.024921
0.026804
0.028621
0.032121
0.035503
0.038808
0.042062
0.045279
0.048469

2455.7
2520.9
2740.6
2880.8
2998.4
3106.2
3209.3
3310.1
3409.8
3609.3
3811.2
4017.1
4227.7
4443.1
4663.3

375
400
425
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.001978
0.006005
0.007886
0.009176
0.011143
0.012736
0.014140
0.015430
0.016643
0.018922
0.021075
0.023150
0.025172
0.027157
0.029115

1799.9
2428.5
2607.8
2721.2
2887.3
3020.8
3140.0
3251.9
3359.9
3570.7
3780.2
3991.5
4206.1
4424.6
4647.2

375
400
425
450
500
550
600
650
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300

0.001641
0.001911
0.002538
0.003692
0.005623
0.006985
0.008089
0.009053
0.009930
0.011521
0.012980
0.014360
0.015686
0.016976
0.018239

1677.0
1855.0
2097.5
2364.2
2681.6
2875.1
3026.8
3159.5
3282.0
3511.8
3733.3
3952.9
4173.7
4396.9
4623.3

2610.8
2693.1
2975.7
3157.9
3310.8
3450.4
3583.1
3712.1
3839.1
4091.1
4343.7
4599.2
4858.6
5122.3
5390.3

v
m3/kg

s
kJ/kgK

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  20.0 MPa (365.75C)

5.3108
5.4438
5.8819
6.1434
6.3480
6.5230
6.6796
6.8233
6.9573
7.2037
7.4288
7.6378
7.8339
8.0192
8.1952

0.007932 2390.7 2529.5 5.1435

0.005862 2294.8 2412.1

4.9310

0.012463
0.015204
0.017385
0.019305
0.021073
0.022742
0.024342
0.027405
0.030348
0.033215
0.036029
0.038806
0.041556

5.7211
6.0212
6.2424
6.4266
6.5890
6.7366
6.8735
7.1237
7.3511
7.5616
7.7588
7.9449
8.1215

0.009950
0.012721
0.014793
0.016571
0.018185
0.019695
0.021134
0.023870
0.026484
0.029020
0.031504
0.033952
0.036371

2617.9
2807.3
2945.3
3064.7
3175.3
3281.4
3385.1
3590.1
3795.7
4004.3
4216.9
4433.8
4655.2

5.5526
5.9043
6.1446
6.3390
6.5075
6.6593
6.7991
7.0531
7.2829
7.4950
7.6933
7.8802
8.0574

4.0345
5.1400
5.4708
5.6759
5.9643
6.1816
6.3637
6.5243
6.6702
6.9322
7.1668
7.3821
7.5825
7.7710
7.9494

0.001792
0.002798
0.005299
0.006737
0.008691
0.010175
0.011445
0.012590
0.013654
0.015628
0.017473
0.019240
0.020954
0.022630
0.024279

3.9313
4.4758
5.1473
5.4422
5.7956
6.0403
6.2373
6.4074
6.5599
6.8301
7.0695
7.2880
7.4906
7.6807
7.8602

0.001701
0.002105
0.003434
0.004957
0.006933
0.008348
0.009523
0.010565
0.011523
0.013278
0.014904
0.016450
0.017942
0.019398
0.020827

1702.8
1914.9
2253.3
2497.5
2755.3
2925.8
3065.6
3190.9
3308.3
3531.6
3749.0
3965.8
4184.4
4406.1
4631.2

3.8290
4.1145
4.5044
4.9449
5.4744
5.7857
6.0170
6.2078
6.3740
6.6613
6.9107
7.1355
7.3425
7.5357
7.7175

0.001560
0.001731
0.002009
0.002487
0.003890
0.005118
0.006108
0.006957
0.007717
0.009073
0.010296
0.011441
0.012534
0.013590
0.014620

3.7642
4.0029
4.2746
4.5896
5.1762
5.5563
5.8245
6.0373
6.2179
6.5225
6.7819
7.0131
7.2244
7.4207
7.6048

0.001503
0.001633
0.001816
0.002086
0.002952
0.003955
0.004833
0.005591
0.006265
0.007456
0.008519
0.009504
0.010439
0.011339
0.012213

1609.7
1745.2
1892.9
2055.1
2393.2
2664.6
2866.8
3031.3
3175.4
3432.6
3670.9
3902.0
4130.9
4360.5
4591.8

2684.3
2845.4
2972.4
3085.8
3192.5
3295.8
3397.5
3599.7
3803.5
4010.7
4222.3
4438.5
4659.2

2902.4
3111.4
3276.7
3423.6
3561.3
3693.8
3823.5
4079.3
4334.6
4592.0
4852.8
5117.6
5386.5

P  30.0 MPa

P  40.0 MPa
1742.6
1931.4
2199.0
2511.8
2906.5
3154.4
3350.4
3521.6
3679.2
3972.6
4252.5
4527.3
4801.1
5075.9
5352.8

h
kJ/kg

P  17.5 MPa (354.67C)

P  25.0 MPa
1849.4
2578.7
2805.0
2950.6
3165.9
3339.2
3493.5
3637.7
3776.0
4043.8
4307.1
4570.2
4835.4
5103.5
5375.1

u
kJ/kg

1738.1
2068.9
2452.9
2618.9
2824.0
2974.5
3103.4
3221.7
3334.3
3551.2
3764.6
3978.6
4195.2
4415.3
4639.2

1791.9
2152.8
2611.8
2821.0
3084.8
3279.7
3446.8
3599.4
3743.9
4020.0
4288.8
4555.8
4823.9
5094.2
5367.6

P  35.0 MPa

P  50.0 MPa
1638.6
1787.8
1960.3
2160.3
2528.1
2769.5
2947.1
3095.6
3228.7
3472.2
3702.0
3927.4
4152.2
4378.6
4607.5

1716.6
1874.4
2060.7
2284.7
2722.6
3025.4
3252.6
3443.5
3614.6
3925.8
4216.8
4499.4
4778.9
5058.1
5338.5

2816.9
3061.7
3241.2
3396.2
3539.0
3675.3
3807.8
4067.5
4325.4
4584.7
4847.0
5112.9
5382.7

1762.4
1988.6
2373.5
2671.0
2997.9
3218.0
3399.0
3560.7
3711.6
3996.3
4270.6
4541.5
4812.4
5085.0
5360.2

3.8724
4.2144
4.7751
5.1946
5.6331
5.9093
6.1229
6.3030
6.4623
6.7409
6.9853
7.2069
7.4118
7.6034
7.7841

P  60.0 MPa
1699.9
1843.2
2001.8
2180.2
2570.3
2901.9
3156.8
3366.8
3551.3
3880.0
4182.1
4472.2
4757.3
5040.8
5324.5

3.7149
3.9317
4.1630
4.4140
4.9356
5.3517
5.6527
5.8867
6.0814
6.4033
6.6725
6.9099
7.1255
7.3248
7.5111

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

12/18/09

10:05 AM

Page 922

922
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A7
Compressed liquid water

T
C

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  5 MPa (263.94C)
Sat.
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340

0.0012862 1148.1 1154.5


0.0009977
0.04
5.03
0.0009996
83.61
88.61
0.0010057 166.92 171.95
0.0010149 250.29 255.36
0.0010267 333.82 338.96
0.0010410 417.65 422.85
0.0010576 501.91 507.19
0.0010769 586.80 592.18
0.0010988 672.55 678.04
0.0011240 759.47 765.09
0.0011531 847.92 853.68
0.0011868 938.39 944.32
0.0012268 1031.6 1037.7
0.0012755 1128.5 1134.9

Sat.
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320
340
360
380

0.0020378
0.0009904
0.0009929
0.0009992
0.0010084
0.0010199
0.0010337
0.0010496
0.0010679
0.0010886
0.0011122
0.0011390
0.0011697
0.0012053
0.0012472
0.0012978
0.0013611
0.0014450
0.0015693
0.0018248

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

1826.6
20.03
102.57
185.16
267.92
350.90
434.17
517.84
602.07
687.05
773.02
860.27
949.16
1040.2
1134.0
1231.5
1334.4
1445.5
1571.6
1740.1

s
kJ/kgK

P  10 MPa (311.00C)
2.9207
0.0001
0.2954
0.5705
0.8287
1.0723
1.3034
1.5236
1.7344
1.9374
2.1338
2.3251
2.5127
2.6983
2.8841

0.0014522
0.0009952
0.0009973
0.0010035
0.0010127
0.0010244
0.0010385
0.0010549
0.0010738
0.0010954
0.0011200
0.0011482
0.0011809
0.0012192
0.0012653
0.0013226
0.0013980

P  20 MPa (365.75C)
1785.8
0.23
82.71
165.17
247.75
330.50
413.50
496.85
580.71
665.28
750.78
837.49
925.77
1016.1
1109.0
1205.6
1307.2
1416.6
1540.2
1703.6

h
kJ/kg

1393.3
0.12
83.31
166.33
249.43
332.69
416.23
500.18
584.72
670.06
756.48
844.32
934.01
1026.2
1121.6
1221.8
1329.4

1407.9
10.07
93.28
176.37
259.55
342.94
426.62
510.73
595.45
681.01
767.68
855.80
945.82
1038.3
1134.3
1235.0
1343.3

u
kJ/kg

v
m3/kg

0.0009857
0.0009886
0.0009951
0.0010042
0.0010155
0.0010290
0.0010445
0.0010623
0.0010823
0.0011049
0.0011304
0.0011595
0.0011927
0.0012314
0.0012770
0.0013322
0.0014014
0.0014932
0.0016276
0.0018729

0.29
82.11
164.05
246.14
328.40
410.87
493.66
576.90
660.74
745.40
831.11
918.15
1006.9
1097.8
1191.5
1288.9
1391.7
1502.4
1626.8
1782.0

29.86
111.77
193.90
276.26
358.86
441.74
525.00
608.76
693.21
778.55
865.02
952.93
1042.7
1134.7
1229.8
1328.9
1433.7
1547.1
1675.6
1838.2

s
kJ/kgK

P  15 MPa (342.16C)
3.3603
0.0003
0.2943
0.5685
0.8260
1.0691
1.2996
1.5191
1.7293
1.9316
2.1271
2.3174
2.5037
2.6876
2.8710
3.0565
3.2488

0.0016572
0.0009928
0.0009951
0.0010013
0.0010105
0.0010221
0.0010361
0.0010522
0.0010708
0.0010920
0.0011160
0.0011435
0.0011752
0.0012121
0.0012560
0.0013096
0.0013783
0.0014733
0.0016311

P  30 MPa
4.0146
0.0005
0.2921
0.5646
0.8208
1.0627
1.2920
1.5105
1.7194
1.9203
2.1143
2.3027
2.4867
2.6676
2.8469
3.0265
3.2091
3.3996
3.6086
3.8787

h
kJ/kg

1585.5
0.18
83.01
165.75
248.58
331.59
414.85
498.50
582.69
667.63
753.58
840.84
929.81
1021.0
1115.1
1213.4
1317.6
1431.9
1567.9

1610.3
15.07
97.93
180.77
263.74
346.92
430.39
514.28
598.75
684.01
770.32
858.00
947.43
1039.2
1134.0
1233.0
1338.3
1454.0
1592.4

3.6848
0.0004
0.2932
0.5666
0.8234
1.0659
1.2958
1.5148
1.7243
1.9259
2.1206
2.3100
2.4951
2.6774
2.8586
3.0410
3.2279
3.4263
3.6555

P  50 MPa
0.0003
0.2897
0.5607
0.8156
1.0564
1.2847
1.5020
1.7098
1.9094
2.1020
2.2888
2.4707
2.6491
2.8250
3.0001
3.1761
3.3558
3.5438
3.7499
4.0026

0.0009767
0.0009805
0.0009872
0.0009962
0.0010072
0.0010201
0.0010349
0.0010517
0.0010704
0.0010914
0.0011149
0.0011412
0.0011708
0.0012044
0.0012430
0.0012879
0.0013409
0.0014049
0.0014848
0.0015884

0.29
80.93
161.90
243.08
324.42
405.94
487.69
569.77
652.33
735.49
819.45
904.39
990.55
1078.2
1167.7
1259.6
1354.3
1452.9
1556.5
1667.1

49.13 0.0010
129.95 0.2845
211.25 0.5528
292.88 0.8055
374.78 1.0442
456.94 1.2705
539.43 1.4859
622.36 1.6916
705.85 1.8889
790.06 2.0790
875.19 2.2628
961.45 2.4414
1049.1
2.6156
1138.4
2.7864
1229.9
2.9547
1324.0
3.1218
1421.4
3.2888
1523.1
3.4575
1630.7
3.6301
1746.5
3.8102

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

12/18/09

10:05 AM

Page 923

923
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A8
Saturated icewater vapor

Specific volume,
m3/kg

Internal energy,
kJ/kg

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg

Entropy,
kJ/kgK

Temp.,
T C

Sat.
press.,
Psat kPa

Sat.
ice,
vi

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Sat.
ice,
ui

Subl.,
uig

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
ice,
hi

Subl.,
hig

Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
ice,
si

Subl.,
sig

Sat.
vapor,
sg

0.01
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40

0.61169
0.61115
0.51772
0.43748
0.36873
0.30998
0.25990
0.21732
0.18121
0.15068
0.12492
0.10326
0.08510
0.06991
0.05725
0.04673
0.03802
0.03082
0.02490
0.02004
0.01608
0.01285

0.001091
0.001091
0.001091
0.001090
0.001090
0.001090
0.001089
0.001089
0.001088
0.001088
0.001088
0.001087
0.001087
0.001087
0.001087
0.001086
0.001086
0.001086
0.001085
0.001085
0.001085
0.001084

205.99
206.17
241.62
283.84
334.27
394.66
467.17
554.47
659.88
787.51
942.51
1131.3
1362.0
1644.7
1992.2
2421.0
2951.7
3610.9
4432.4
5460.1
6750.5
8376.7

333.40
333.43
337.63
341.80
345.94
350.04
354.12
358.17
362.18
366.17
370.13
374.06
377.95
381.82
385.66
389.47
393.25
397.00
400.72
404.40
408.07
411.70

2707.9
2707.9
2709.4
2710.8
2712.2
2713.5
2714.8
2716.1
2717.3
2718.6
2719.7
2720.9
2722.0
2723.1
2724.2
2725.2
2726.2
2727.2
2728.1
2729.0
2729.9
2730.7

2374.5
2374.5
2371.8
2369.0
2366.2
2363.5
2360.7
2357.9
2355.2
2352.4
2349.6
2346.8
2344.1
2341.3
2338.5
2335.7
2332.9
2330.2
2327.4
2324.6
2321.8
2319.0

333.40
333.43
337.63
341.80
345.93
350.04
354.12
358.17
362.18
366.17
370.13
374.06
377.95
381.82
385.66
389.47
393.25
397.00
400.72
404.40
408.07
411.70

2833.9
2833.9
2834.5
2835.0
2835.4
2835.8
2836.2
2836.6
2836.9
2837.2
2837.5
2837.7
2837.9
2838.1
2838.2
2838.3
2838.4
2838.4
2838.5
2838.4
2838.4
2838.3

2500.5
2500.5
2496.8
2493.2
2489.5
2485.8
2482.1
2478.4
2474.7
2471.0
2467.3
2463.6
2459.9
2456.2
2452.5
2448.8
2445.1
2441.4
2437.7
2434.0
2430.3
2426.6

1.2202
1.2204
1.2358
1.2513
1.2667
1.2821
1.2976
1.3130
1.3284
1.3439
1.3593
1.3748
1.3903
1.4057
1.4212
1.4367
1.4521
1.4676
1.4831
1.4986
1.5141
1.5296

10.374
10.375
10.453
10.533
10.613
10.695
10.778
10.862
10.947
11.033
11.121
11.209
11.300
11.391
11.484
11.578
11.673
11.770
11.869
11.969
12.071
12.174

9.154
9.154
9.218
9.282
9.347
9.413
9.480
9.549
9.618
9.689
9.761
9.835
9.909
9.985
10.063
10.141
10.221
10.303
10.386
10.470
10.557
10.644

60 0

h = 40

2400

2600

00

328200

3000

50%

20

00

3200

3400

4000
3800
3600

4500

h = 4200 kJ/
kg

00

22

00

Sa
tu

ra

0k

00

or

24

va
p

70

te d

h=

0
10
80 0
6

0
80
0
60
0
50
0
40 0
35 00
3 0
25 0
20
0
15

5
Entropy, kJ/kgK

18

00

80 0

J/ k
g

20 0

26

00

k J/k

4200

4300

4400

4500

4600

4700

4800

4900

5000

h = 5000 kJ/kg

80%

Qu

a lit

y=

90 %

2650
h = 2600
2650 kJ/kg
2550

2800

2900

3000

3100

3200

3300

3400

3500

3600

3700

3800

3900

4000

4100

0
10

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1000

1100

10
1200

Copyright 1984. From NBS/NRC Steam Tables/1 by Lester Haar, John S. Gallagher, and George S. Kell. Reproduced by permission of Routledge/Taylor & Francis
Books, Inc.

60%

FIGURE A9
T-s diagram for water.

1 20

20

0%
=1

1800

kJ/
2200 kg

h=
2000

00

0
0

ty
ali
Qu

tu

e
rat

Sa

uid

1600

iq
dl

0
140

1 00 0

0
100

0
120

14

100

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

2
550
0
10
0

1000

Temperature, C

Den
sity

50
0

= kg
/m 3
P
=
300
20 00 b
1 000 ar
5
100 000
80000
0
50
4 00 6000
30000
0
20 0
15 00
00

16

300 k
g/m 3

1100

100 k
40
g/m 3
30
20
15
30 kg
8
/m 3
10
6
4
10 kg
/m 3
3
2
1.5
3 kg/m 3
0.8
1.
0
0
.
6
0.4
1 kg/m 3
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.1
kg/m 3
0.0
5
0.08 0.
1
6
0.1
0.
kg/m 3
0
0.04
3
0.0
0 2
.
0
15
0.0
3k
Den
0.0
g/m 3
s
i
0
t
y
8
=0
.01
kg/m 3

0
1200

30

10:05 AM

40%

12/18/09

0.
0 006
0 .0
.
0 04
0. 03
00
2

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd
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924
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

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Page 925

925
APPENDIX 1
5000

C
1100C

10
5000

C
0
10
=1

C
1000C

/m 3

0C
400

98%
96%
Qu
94%
a lit
y = 92%
90 %
88
86% %
84%
82%
80%
78
76 %
74 %
%
72
70 %
68 %
%

0C
T = 300

2000

De

3000

0.
0. 3
0
0. .08 0.12
0. 06 0.1 5
04
0.0
0.0 5
0. 3
01
0. 5
01

0
0. .8
0.4 6

8
6
4

3
2
1.5
1.0

nsi
ty =

0.0 1

0.1
kg

k g/ m 3

/m 3

1 kg

150
00

200
00

250
00

300
00
bar

C
800C

P=

4000

C
700C

0C
600

3000
0C
500

Enthalpy, kJ/kg

De n s
100
it y = 1
00
000 kg
800
/m 3
0
600
500 0
40000
3000
20
15 00
80 1 00
6000 000
400 5
00
30
2000
1 00
k g/ m 3
80 150
60 100
40
50
30
20
15
10 k
10
g/ m 3

C
900C

4000

02
0.

r
ba
08
0
.
0

2000

%
66 %
64
%
62 %
60 %
58
56%
54%
52%
50%
48%
46%
44%
42%
40%

1000

6
Entropy, kJ/kgK

1000
10

FIGURE A-10
Mollier diagram for water.
Copyright 1984. From NBS/NRC Steam Tables/1 by Lester Haar, John S. Gallagher, and George S. Kell. Reproduced by permission of Routledge/Taylor &
Francis Books, Inc.

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926
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A11
Saturated refrigerant-134aTemperature table

Specific volume,
m3/kg

Internal energy,
kJ/kg

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg

Sat.
Sat.
Temp., press., liquid,
T C Psat kPa vf

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Sat.
liquid,
uf

Evap.,
ufg

Sat.
vapor,
ug

Sat.
liquid, Evap.,
hf
hfg

40
38
36
34
32

51.25
56.86
62.95
69.56
76.71

0.0007054
0.0007083
0.0007112
0.0007142
0.0007172

0.36081
0.32732
0.29751
0.27090
0.24711

0.036
2.475
4.992
7.517
10.05

207.40
206.04
204.67
203.29
201.91

207.37 0.000
208.51 2.515
209.66 5.037
210.81 7.566
211.96 10.10

225.86
224.61
223.35
222.09
220.81

30
28
26
24
22

84.43
92.76
101.73
111.37
121.72

0.0007203
0.0007234
0.0007265
0.0007297
0.0007329

0.22580
0.20666
0.18946
0.17395
0.15995

12.59
15.13
17.69
20.25
22.82

200.52
199.12
197.72
196.30
194.88

213.11
214.25
215.40
216.55
217.70

20
18
16
14
12

132.82
144.69
157.38
170.93
185.37

0.0007362
0.0007396
0.0007430
0.0007464
0.0007499

0.14729
0.13583
0.12542
0.11597
0.10736

25.39
27.98
30.57
33.17
35.78

193.45
192.01
190.56
189.09
187.62

10
8
6
4
2

200.74
217.08
234.44
252.85
272.36

0.0007535
0.0007571
0.0007608
0.0007646
0.0007684

0.099516
0.092352
0.085802
0.079804
0.074304

38.40
41.03
43.66
46.31
48.96

0
2
4
6
8

293.01
314.84
337.90
362.23
387.88

0.0007723
0.0007763
0.0007804
0.0007845
0.0007887

0.069255
0.064612
0.060338
0.056398
0.052762

10
12
14
16
18

414.89
443.31
473.19
504.58
537.52

0.0007930
0.0007975
0.0008020
0.0008066
0.0008113

0.049403
0.046295
0.043417
0.040748
0.038271

Entropy,
kJ/kgK
Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Evap.,
sfg

Sat.
vapor,
sg

225.86
227.12
228.39
229.65
230.91

0.00000
0.01072
0.02138
0.03199
0.04253

0.96866
0.95511
0.94176
0.92859
0.91560

0.96866
0.96584
0.96315
0.96058
0.95813

12.65
15.20
17.76
20.33
22.91

219.52 232.17
218.22 233.43
216.92 234.68
215.59 235.92
214.26 s237.17

0.05301
0.06344
0.07382
0.08414
0.09441

0.90278
0.89012
0.87762
0.86527
0.85307

0.95579
0.95356
0.95144
0.94941
0.94748

218.84
219.98
221.13
222.27
223.40

25.49
28.09
30.69
33.30
35.92

212.91
211.55
210.18
208.79
207.38

238.41
239.64
240.87
242.09
243.30

0.10463
0.11481
0.12493
0.13501
0.14504

0.84101
0.82908
0.81729
0.80561
0.79406

0.94564
0.94389
0.94222
0.94063
0.93911

186.14
184.64
183.13
181.61
180.08

224.54
225.67
226.80
227.92
229.04

38.55
41.19
43.84
46.50
49.17

205.96
204.52
203.07
201.60
200.11

244.51
245.72
246.91
248.10
249.28

0.15504
0.16498
0.17489
0.18476
0.19459

0.78263
0.77130
0.76008
0.74896
0.73794

0.93766
0.93629
0.93497
0.93372
0.93253

51.63
54.30
56.99
59.68
62.39

178.53
176.97
175.39
173.80
172.19

230.16
231.27
232.38
233.48
234.58

51.86
54.55
57.25
59.97
62.69

198.60
197.07
195.51
193.94
192.35

250.45
251.61
252.77
253.91
255.04

0.20439
0.21415
0.22387
0.23356
0.24323

0.72701
0.71616
0.70540
0.69471
0.68410

0.93139
0.93031
0.92927
0.92828
0.92733

65.10
67.83
70.57
73.32
76.08

170.56
168.92
167.26
165.58
163.88

235.67
236.75
237.83
238.90
239.96

65.43
68.18
70.95
73.73
76.52

190.73
189.09
187.42
185.73
184.01

256.16
257.27
258.37
259.46
260.53

0.25286
0.26246
0.27204
0.28159
0.29112

0.67356
0.66308
0.65266
0.64230
0.63198

0.92641
0.92554
0.92470
0.92389
0.92310

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Page 927

927
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A11
Saturated refrigerant-134aTemperature table (Concluded )

Specific volume,
m3/kg
Sat.
Sat.
Temp., press., liquid,
T C Psat kPa vf

Internal energy,
kJ/kg

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg

Entropy,
kJ/kgK

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Sat.
Sat.
liquid, Evap., vapor,
uf
ufg
ug

Sat.
liquid, Evap.,
hf
hfg

Sat.
vapor,
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Evap.,
sfg

Sat.
vapor,
sg

20
22
24
26
28

572.07
608.27
646.18
685.84
727.31

0.0008161
0.0008210
0.0008261
0.0008313
0.0008366

0.035969
0.033828
0.031834
0.029976
0.028242

78.86
81.64
84.44
87.26
90.09

162.16
160.42
158.65
156.87
155.05

241.02
242.06
243.10
244.12
245.14

79.32
82.14
84.98
87.83
90.69

182.27
180.49
178.69
176.85
174.99

261.59
262.64
263.67
264.68
265.68

0.30063
0.31011
0.31958
0.32903
0.33846

0.62172
0.61149
0.60130
0.59115
0.58102

0.92234
0.92160
0.92088
0.92018
0.91948

30
32
34
36
38

770.64
815.89
863.11
912.35
963.68

0.0008421
0.0008478
0.0008536
0.0008595
0.0008657

0.026622
0.025108
0.023691
0.022364
0.021119

92.93
95.79
98.66
101.55
104.45

153.22
151.35
149.46
147.54
145.58

246.14
247.14
248.12
249.08
250.04

93.58
96.48
99.40
102.33
105.29

173.08
171.14
169.17
167.16
165.10

266.66
267.62
268.57
269.49
270.39

0.34789
0.35730
0.36670
0.37609
0.38548

0.57091
0.56082
0.55074
0.54066
0.53058

0.91879
0.91811
0.91743
0.91675
0.91606

40
42
44
46
48

1017.1
1072.8
1130.7
1191.0
1253.6

0.0008720
0.0008786
0.0008854
0.0008924
0.0008996

0.019952
0.018855
0.017824
0.016853
0.015939

107.38
110.32
113.28
116.26
119.26

143.60
141.58
139.52
137.42
135.29

250.97
251.89
252.80
253.68
254.55

108.26
111.26
114.28
117.32
120.39

163.00
160.86
158.67
156.43
154.14

271.27
272.12
272.95
273.75
274.53

0.39486
0.40425
0.41363
0.42302
0.43242

0.52049
0.51039
0.50027
0.49012
0.47993

0.91536
0.91464
0.91391
0.91315
0.91236

52
56
60
65
70
75

1386.2
1529.1
1682.8
1891.0
2118.2
2365.8

0.0009150
0.0009317
0.0009498
0.0009750
0.0010037
0.0010372

0.014265
0.012771
0.011434
0.009950
0.008642
0.007480

125.33
131.49
137.76
145.77
154.01
162.53

130.88
126.28
121.46
115.05
108.14
100.60

256.21
257.77
259.22
260.82
262.15
263.13

126.59
132.91
139.36
147.62
156.13
164.98

149.39
144.38
139.10
132.02
124.32
115.85

275.98
277.30
278.46
279.64
280.46
280.82

0.45126
0.47018
0.48920
0.51320
0.53755
0.56241

0.45941
0.43863
0.41749
0.39039
0.36227
0.33272

0.91067
0.90880
0.90669
0.90359
0.89982
0.89512

80
85
90
95
100

2635.3
2928.2
3246.9
3594.1
3975.1

0.0010772
0.0011270
0.0011932
0.0012933
0.0015269

0.006436
0.005486
0.004599
0.003726
0.002630

171.40
180.77
190.89
202.40
218.72

92.23
82.67
71.29
56.47
29.19

263.63
263.44
262.18
258.87
247.91

174.24
184.07
194.76
207.05
224.79

106.35
95.44
82.35
65.21
33.58

280.59
279.51
277.11
272.26
258.37

0.58800
0.61473
0.64336
0.67578
0.72217

0.30111
0.26644
0.22674
0.17711
0.08999

0.88912
0.88117
0.87010
0.85289
0.81215

Source: Tables A11 through A13 are generated using the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software developed by S. A. Klein and F. L. Alvarado.
The routine used in calculations is the R134a, which is based on the fundamental equation of state developed by R. Tillner-Roth and H.D. Baehr, An
International Standard Formulation for the Thermodynamic Properties of 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) for temperatures from 170 K to 455 K
and Pressures up to 70 MPa, J. Phys. Chem, Ref. Data, Vol. 23, No. 5, 1994. The enthalpy and entropy values of saturated liquid are set to zero at
40C (and 40F).

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928
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A12
Saturated refrigerant-134aPressure table

Specific volume,
m3/kg
Sat.
Sat.
Press., temp., liquid,
P kPa Tsat C vf

Internal energy,
kJ/kg

Sat.
vapor,
vg

Sat.
Sat.
liquid, Evap., vapor,
uf
ufg
ug

Enthalpy,
kJ/kg
Sat.
liquid,
hf

Entropy,
kJ/kgK

Sat.
Evap., vapor,
hfg
hg

Sat.
liquid,
sf

Evap.,
sfg

Sat.
vapor,
sg

60
70
80
90
100

36.95
33.87
31.13
28.65
26.37

0.0007098
0.0007144
0.0007185
0.0007223
0.0007259

0.31121
0.26929
0.23753
0.21263
0.19254

3.798
7.680
11.15
14.31
17.21

205.32
203.20
201.30
199.57
197.98

209.12
210.88
212.46
213.88
215.19

3.841
7.730
11.21
14.37
17.28

223.95
222.00
220.25
218.65
217.16

227.79
229.73
231.46
233.02
234.44

0.01634
0.03267
0.04711
0.06008
0.07188

0.94807
0.92775
0.90999
0.89419
0.87995

0.96441
0.96042
0.95710
0.95427
0.95183

120
140
160
180
200

22.32
18.77
15.60
12.73
10.09

0.0007324
0.0007383
0.0007437
0.0007487
0.0007533

0.16212
0.14014
0.12348
0.11041
0.099867

22.40
26.98
31.09
34.83
38.28

195.11
192.57
190.27
188.16
186.21

217.51
219.54
221.35
222.99
224.48

22.49
27.08
31.21
34.97
38.43

214.48
212.08
209.90
207.90
206.03

236.97
239.16
241.11
242.86
244.46

0.09275
0.11087
0.12693
0.14139
0.15457

0.85503
0.83368
0.81496
0.79826
0.78316

0.94779
0.94456
0.94190
0.93965
0.93773

240
280
320
360
400

5.38
1.25
2.46
5.82
8.91

0.0007620
0.0007699
0.0007772
0.0007841
0.0007907

0.083897
0.072352
0.063604
0.056738
0.051201

44.48
49.97
54.92
59.44
63.62

182.67
179.50
176.61
173.94
171.45

227.14
229.46
231.52
233.38
235.07

44.66
50.18
55.16
59.72
63.94

202.62
199.54
196.71
194.08
191.62

247.28
249.72
251.88
253.81
255.55

0.17794
0.19829
0.21637
0.23270
0.24761

0.75664
0.73381
0.71369
0.69566
0.67929

0.93458
0.93210
0.93006
0.92836
0.92691

450
500
550
600
650

12.46
15.71
18.73
21.55
24.20

0.0007985
0.0008059
0.0008130
0.0008199
0.0008266

0.045619
0.041118
0.037408
0.034295
0.031646

68.45
72.93
77.10
81.02
84.72

168.54
165.82
163.25
160.81
158.48

237.00
238.75
240.35
241.83
243.20

68.81
73.33
77.54
81.51
85.26

188.71
185.98
183.38
180.90
178.51

257.53
259.30
260.92
262.40
263.77

0.26465
0.28023
0.29461
0.30799
0.32051

0.66069
0.64377
0.62821
0.61378
0.60030

0.92535
0.92400
0.92282
0.92177
0.92081

700
750
800
850

26.69
29.06
31.31
33.45

0.0008331
0.0008395
0.0008458
0.0008520

0.029361
0.027371
0.025621
0.024069

88.24
91.59
94.79
97.87

156.24
154.08
152.00
149.98

244.48
245.67
246.79
247.85

88.82
92.22
95.47
98.60

176.21
173.98
171.82
169.71

265.03
266.20
267.29
268.31

0.33230
0.34345
0.35404
0.36413

0.58763
0.57567
0.56431
0.55349

0.91994
0.91912
0.91835
0.91762

900
950
1000
1200
1400

35.51
37.48
39.37
46.29
52.40

0.0008580
0.0008641
0.0008700
0.0008934
0.0009166

0.022683
0.021438
0.020313
0.016715
0.014107

100.83
103.69
106.45
116.70
125.94

148.01
146.10
144.23
137.11
130.43

248.85
249.79
250.68
253.81
256.37

101.61
104.51
107.32
117.77
127.22

167.66
165.64
163.67
156.10
148.90

269.26
270.15
270.99
273.87
276.12

0.37377
0.38301
0.39189
0.42441
0.45315

0.54315
0.53323
0.52368
0.48863
0.45734

0.91692
0.91624
0.91558
0.91303
0.91050

1600
1800
2000
2500
3000

57.88
62.87
67.45
77.54
86.16

0.0009400
0.0009639
0.0009886
0.0010566
0.0011406

0.012123
0.010559
0.009288
0.006936
0.005275

134.43
142.33
149.78
166.99
183.04

124.04
117.83
111.73
96.47
80.22

258.47
260.17
261.51
263.45
263.26

135.93
144.07
151.76
169.63
186.46

141.93
135.11
128.33
111.16
92.63

277.86
279.17
280.09
280.79
279.09

0.47911
0.50294
0.52509
0.57531
0.62118

0.42873
0.40204
0.37675
0.31695
0.25776

0.90784
0.90498
0.90184
0.89226
0.87894

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

12/18/09

10:05 AM

Page 929

929
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A13
Superheated refrigerant-134a

T
C

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  0.06 MPa (Tsat  36.95C)


Sat.
20
10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

0.31121
0.33608
0.35048
0.36476
0.37893
0.39302
0.40705
0.42102
0.43495
0.44883
0.46269
0.47651
0.49032
0.50410

209.12
220.60
227.55
234.66
241.92
249.35
256.95
264.71
272.64
280.73
288.99
297.41
306.00
314.74

227.79
240.76
248.58
256.54
264.66
272.94
281.37
289.97
298.74
307.66
316.75
326.00
335.42
344.99

0.9644
1.0174
1.0477
1.0774
1.1066
1.1353
1.1636
1.1915
1.2191
1.2463
1.2732
1.2997
1.3260
1.3520

P  0.18 MPa (Tsat  12.73C)


Sat.
10
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100

0.11041
0.11189
0.11722
0.12240
0.12748
0.13248
0.13741
0.14230
0.14715
0.15196
0.15673
0.16149
0.16622

222.99
225.02
232.48
240.00
247.64
255.41
263.31
271.36
279.56
287.91
296.42
305.07
313.88

242.86
245.16
253.58
262.04
270.59
279.25
288.05
296.98
306.05
315.27
324.63
334.14
343.80

0.9397
0.9484
0.9798
1.0102
1.0399
1.0690
1.0975
1.1256
1.1532
1.1805
1.2074
1.2339
1.2602

P  0.28 MPa (Tsat  1.25C)


Sat.
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140

0.07235
0.07282
0.07646
0.07997
0.08338
0.08672
0.09000
0.09324
0.09644
0.09961
0.10275
0.10587
0.10897
0.11205
0.11512
0.11818

229.46
230.44
238.27
246.13
254.06
262.10
270.27
278.56
286.99
295.57
304.29
313.15
322.16
331.32
340.63
350.09

249.72
250.83
259.68
268.52
277.41
286.38
295.47
304.67
314.00
323.46
333.06
342.80
352.68
362.70
372.87
383.18

0.9321
0.9362
0.9680
0.9987
1.0285
1.0576
1.0862
1.1142
1.1418
1.1690
1.1958
1.2222
1.2483
1.2742
1.2997
1.3250

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  0.10 MPa (Tsat  26.37C)


0.19254
0.19841
0.20743
0.21630
0.22506
0.23373
0.24233
0.25088
0.25937
0.26783
0.27626
0.28465
0.29303
0.30138

215.19
219.66
226.75
233.95
241.30
248.79
256.44
264.25
272.22
280.35
288.64
297.08
305.69
314.46

234.44
239.50
247.49
255.58
263.81
272.17
280.68
289.34
298.16
307.13
316.26
325.55
334.99
344.60

0.9518
0.9721
1.0030
1.0332
1.0628
1.0918
1.1203
1.1484
1.1762
1.2035
1.2305
1.2572
1.2836
1.3096

P  0.20 MPa (Tsat  10.09C)


0.09987
0.09991
0.10481
0.10955
0.11418
0.11874
0.12322
0.12766
0.13206
0.13641
0.14074
0.14504
0.14933

224.48
224.55
232.09
239.67
247.35
255.14
263.08
271.15
279.37
287.73
296.25
304.92
313.74

244.46
244.54
253.05
261.58
270.18
278.89
287.72
296.68
305.78
315.01
324.40
333.93
343.60

0.9377
0.9380
0.9698
1.0004
1.0303
1.0595
1.0882
1.1163
1.1441
1.1714
1.1983
1.2249
1.2512

P  0.32 MPa (Tsat  2.46C)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  0.14 MPa (Tsat  18.77C)


0.14014

219.54

239.16

0.9446

0.14605
0.15263
0.15908
0.16544
0.17172
0.17794
0.18412
0.19025
0.19635
0.20242
0.20847
0.21449

225.91
233.23
240.66
248.22
255.93
263.79
271.79
279.96
288.28
296.75
305.38
314.17

246.36
254.60
262.93
271.38
279.97
288.70
297.57
306.59
315.77
325.09
334.57
344.20

0.9724
1.0031
1.0331
1.0624
1.0912
1.1195
1.1474
1.1749
1.2020
1.2288
1.2553
1.2814

P  0.24 MPa (Tsat  5.38C)


0.08390

227.14

247.28

0.9346

0.08617
0.09026
0.09423
0.09812
0.10193
0.10570
0.10942
0.11310
0.11675
0.12038
0.12398

231.29
238.98
246.74
254.61
262.59
270.71
278.97
287.36
295.91
304.60
313.44

251.97
260.65
269.36
278.16
287.06
296.08
305.23
314.51
323.93
333.49
343.20

0.9519
0.9831
1.0134
1.0429
1.0718
1.1001
1.1280
1.1554
1.1825
1.2092
1.2356

P  0.40 MPa (Tsat  8.91C)

0.06360

231.52

251.88

0.9301

0.051201

235.07

255.55 0.9269

0.06609
0.06925
0.07231
0.07530
0.07823
0.08111
0.08395
0.08675
0.08953
0.09229
0.09503
0.09775
0.10045
0.10314

237.54
245.50
253.50
261.60
269.82
278.15
286.62
295.22
303.97
312.86
321.89
331.07
340.39
349.86

258.69
267.66
276.65
285.70
294.85
304.11
313.48
322.98
332.62
342.39
352.30
362.35
372.54
382.87

0.9544
0.9856
1.0157
1.0451
1.0739
1.1021
1.1298
1.1571
1.1840
1.2105
1.2367
1.2626
1.2882
1.3135

0.051506
0.054213
0.056796
0.059292
0.061724
0.064104
0.066443
0.068747
0.071023
0.073274
0.075504
0.077717
0.079913
0.082096

235.97
244.18
252.36
260.58
268.90
277.32
285.86
294.53
303.32
312.26
321.33
330.55
339.90
349.41

256.58
265.86
275.07
284.30
293.59
302.96
312.44
322.02
331.73
341.57
351.53
361.63
371.87
382.24

0.9305
0.9628
0.9937
1.0236
1.0528
1.0814
1.1094
1.1369
1.1640
1.1907
1.2171
1.2431
1.2688
1.2942

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Page 930

930
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A13
Superheated refrigerant-134a (Continued)

T
C

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  0.50 MPa (Tsat  15.71C)


Sat.
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160

0.041118
0.042115
0.044338
0.046456
0.048499
0.050485
0.052427
0.054331
0.056205
0.058053
0.059880
0.061687
0.063479
0.065256
0.067021
0.068775

Sat.
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180

0.025621
0.027035
0.028547
0.029973
0.031340
0.032659
0.033941
0.035193
0.036420
0.037625
0.038813
0.039985
0.041143
0.042290
0.043427
0.044554

Sat.
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180

0.016715
0.017201
0.018404
0.019502
0.020529
0.021506
0.022442
0.023348
0.024228
0.025086
0.025927
0.026753
0.027566
0.028367
0.029158

238.75
242.40
250.84
259.26
267.72
276.25
284.89
293.64
302.51
311.50
320.63
329.89
339.29
348.83
358.51
368.33

259.30
263.46
273.01
282.48
291.96
301.50
311.10
320.80
330.61
340.53
350.57
360.73
371.03
381.46
392.02
402.72

0.9240
0.9383
0.9703
1.0011
1.0309
1.0599
1.0883
1.1162
1.1436
1.1705
1.1971
1.2233
1.2491
1.2747
1.2999
1.3249

P  0.80 MPa (Tsat  31.31C)


246.79
254.82
263.86
272.83
281.81
290.84
299.95
309.15
318.45
327.87
337.40
347.06
356.85
366.76
376.81
386.99

267.29
276.45
286.69
296.81
306.88
316.97
327.10
337.30
347.59
357.97
368.45
379.05
389.76
400.59
411.55
422.64

0.9183
0.9480
0.9802
1.0110
1.0408
1.0698
1.0981
1.1258
1.1530
1.1798
1.2061
1.2321
1.2577
1.2830
1.3080
1.3327

P  1.20 MPa (Tsat  46.29C)


253.81
257.63
267.56
277.21
286.75
296.26
305.80
315.38
325.03
334.77
344.61
354.56
364.61
374.78
385.08

273.87
278.27
289.64
300.61
311.39
322.07
332.73
343.40
354.11
364.88
375.72
386.66
397.69
408.82
420.07

0.9130
0.9267
0.9614
0.9938
1.0248
1.0546
1.0836
1.1118
1.1394
1.1664
1.1930
1.2192
1.2449
1.2703
1.2954

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
kJ/kg

s
kJ/kgK

P  0.60 MPa (Tsat  21.55C)

v
m3/kg

u
kJ/kg

h
s
kJ/kg kJ/kgK

P  0.70 MPa (Tsat  26.69C)

0.034295

241.83

262.40

0.9218

0.029361

244.48

265.03

0.9199

0.035984
0.037865
0.039659
0.041389
0.043069
0.044710
0.046318
0.047900
0.049458
0.050997
0.052519
0.054027
0.055522
0.057006

249.22
257.86
266.48
275.15
283.89
292.73
301.67
310.73
319.91
329.23
338.67
348.25
357.96
367.81

270.81
280.58
290.28
299.98
309.73
319.55
329.46
339.47
349.59
359.82
370.18
380.66
391.27
402.01

0.9499
0.9816
1.0121
1.0417
1.0705
1.0987
1.1264
1.1536
1.1803
1.2067
1.2327
1.2584
1.2838
1.3088

0.029966
0.031696
0.033322
0.034875
0.036373
0.037829
0.039250
0.040642
0.042010
0.043358
0.044688
0.046004
0.047306
0.048597

247.48
256.39
265.20
274.01
282.87
291.80
300.82
309.95
319.19
328.55
338.04
347.66
357.41
367.29

268.45
278.57
288.53
298.42
308.33
318.28
328.29
338.40
348.60
358.90
369.32
379.86
390.52
401.31

0.9313
0.9641
0.9954
1.0256
1.0549
1.0835
1.1114
1.1389
1.1658
1.1924
1.2186
1.2444
1.2699
1.2951

P  0.90 MPa (Tsat  35.51C)


0.022683
0.023375
0.024809
0.026146
0.027413
0.028630
0.029806
0.030951
0.032068
0.033164
0.034241
0.035302
0.036349
0.037384
0.038408
0.039423

248.85
253.13
262.44
271.60
280.72
289.86
299.06
308.34
317.70
327.18
336.76
346.46
356.28
366.23
376.31
386.52

269.26
274.17
284.77
295.13
305.39
315.63
325.89
336.19
346.56
357.02
367.58
378.23
389.00
399.88
410.88
422.00

0.9169
0.9327
0.9660
0.9976
1.0280
1.0574
1.0860
1.1140
1.1414
1.1684
1.1949
1.2210
1.2467
1.2721
1.2972
1.3221

P  1.40 MPa (Tsat  52.40C)

P  1.00 MPa (Tsat  39.37C)


0.020313
0.020406
0.021796
0.023068
0.024261
0.025398
0.026492
0.027552
0.028584
0.029592
0.030581
0.031554
0.032512
0.033457
0.034392
0.035317

250.68
251.30
260.94
270.32
279.59
288.86
298.15
307.51
316.94
326.47
336.11
345.85
355.71
365.70
375.81
386.04

270.99
271.71
282.74
293.38
303.85
314.25
324.64
335.06
345.53
356.06
366.69
377.40
388.22
399.15
410.20
421.36

0.9156
0.9179
0.9525
0.9850
1.0160
1.0458
1.0748
1.1031
1.1308
1.1580
1.1846
1.2109
1.2368
1.2623
1.2875
1.3124

P  1.60 MPa (Tsat  57.88C)

0.014107

256.37

276.12

0.9105

0.012123

258.47

277.86

0.9078

0.015005
0.016060
0.017023
0.017923
0.018778
0.019597
0.020388
0.021155
0.021904
0.022636
0.023355
0.024061
0.024757

264.46
274.62
284.51
294.28
304.01
313.76
323.55
333.41
343.34
353.37
363.51
373.75
384.10

285.47
297.10
308.34
319.37
330.30
341.19
352.09
363.02
374.01
385.07
396.20
407.43
418.76

0.9389
0.9733
1.0056
1.0364
1.0661
1.0949
1.1230
1.1504
1.1773
1.2038
1.2298
1.2554
1.2807

0.012372
0.013430
0.014362
0.015215
0.016014
0.016773
0.017500
0.018201
0.018882
0.019545
0.020194
0.020830
0.021456

260.89
271.76
282.09
292.17
302.14
312.07
322.02
332.00
342.05
352.17
362.38
372.69
383.11

280.69
293.25
305.07
316.52
327.76
338.91
350.02
361.12
372.26
383.44
394.69
406.02
417.44

0.9163
0.9535
0.9875
1.0194
1.0500
1.0795
1.1081
1.1360
1.1632
1.1900
1.2163
1.2421
1.2676

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Page 931

931
APPENDIX 1
400

95
0
90
0
85
0
80
0

00
10

110
0

350

105

kg/ m 3
115
0

300

1200

1250

250

1300

1400

200

1350

1450

10

150

1500

100
20

450

500

550

600

650

700
300

400

00

100

120

32
24

20

16
12

0.4

0.4

2.4
8

2.4
0

2
2.3

2.2
4

s=

2.0
8

2.00

1.92

1.76

1.84

1.68

1.60

1.52

1.36

1.44

1.28

1.20

1.12

0.96

0.80

0.72

0.64

2.4

0.1

1.6

0.01
100

150

200

300

350

300

280

260

240

220

200

180

T = 160
160C
160
C

140

120

100

550

600

650

2.7
2

2.6
4

2.5
6
s=

2.4

500

0.04

0.6

80

60

40

20

40
40

20
20

400
450
Enthalpy, kJ/kg

0.8

0.4

0.9

0.8

satura

250

0.7

0.6

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0.02

X=0
.5

60
60

ted va
por

ated

liquid

1.2

satur

0.04

0.2

3.2

40
40

0.1

1.04

20
20

0.2

2.1
6k
J/k
gK

0.88

Pressure, MPa

40

T = 0
0C
0C

90
70
60
50
40

60

R-134a

10

/m33
kg/m
2000kg
tyh==20
ensisity
DDen
160

0
60 500

80

750
20

700

0.02

0.3

0.01
750

FIGURE A14
P-h diagram for refrigerant-134a.
Note: The reference point used for the chart is different than that used in the R-134a tables. Therefore, problems should be solved using all property data
either from the tables or from the chart, but not from both.
Reprinted by permission of American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., Atlanta, GA.

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

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10:05 AM

Page 932

932
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS
(a) Low pressures, 0 < PR < 1.0
TR = 5.00
3.00

1.0
5 070
0.7 .
5
0.6
0.60

0.9

8.0 0 .0 0
6

5.0 0

2.00

4.0 0 3.5 0

3.0 0
2 .6 0 2 .4 0 .2 0
2
2.0 0
1.8 0

0.
80

1.60

1.40
1 .6 0 .5 0
1
1.4 0
1.3 0

0.8
5
0. 9

1.2 0

1.20
1.15

1 .1 0

Pv
RT

1.00

0.90

TR = 2.5 Z 1.00
TR = 15 TR = 3.00

NOTE

0.7

0.9
5

v R=

30

REDUCED PRESSURE, P =
R

T
Tcr

TR =
v

0.95

20

5
0.6

REDUCED TEMPERATURE,

CHART
No.
1

00..60

0.5

15

0.85
12

RTcr / Pcr
0.90
0.00

0.80

vRr

0.05

0.75
0.10

PR

1953

0.3
0.0

10
0
0.7

PSEUDO REDUCED VOLUME, v =

0.4

0 .7

2.00
1.60
1.40
1.20
1.10
1.05
1.00
0.95
0.90

1.0

P
Pcr

1.00

NELSON OBERT
GENERALIZED
COMPRESSIBILITY CHARTS

0.6

1.10
0.80
1.0
5

---DEVIATION > 1.0%

COMPRESSIBILITY FACTOR, Z =

0.8

1.30

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

1.0

REDUCED PRESSURE, P

(b) Intermediate pressures, 0 < PR < 7


3.50

1.10
TR = 5.00
00

2.00
00 60 1.40
1.
20
1.

1.80

2.

00

3.

53.

1.00

0.90

Pv
RT

COMPRESSIBILITY FACTOR, Z =

2.50

0
1 .0
80 70
0
.9 0 . 0 .

0 .6

0.80

1.60

.5 0
=0
v R 0.45
0
0.4

1.50
1.40
0
3
.
0
1.30 0.25

0 .3

0.70

=0
vR

0.60

.2 0

1.20
0.50

NELSON OBERT
GENERALIZED
COMPRESSIBILITY CHARTS

1.15
1.10

0.40

P
Pcr

REDUCED PRESSURE, P =
R

T
Tcr

REDUCED TEMPERATURE, T =
R

v
PSEUDO REDUCED VOLUME, v =
R
RTcr / Pcr

1.05
0.30

1953

TR = 1.00
0.20
0.0

0.5

1.0

CHART
No.
2

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

REDUCED PRESSURE, P

FIGURE A15
NelsonObert generalized compressibility chart.
Used with permission of Dr. Edward E. Obert, University of Wisconsin.

4.5

5.0

5.5

6.0

6.5

7.0

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933
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A16
Properties of the atmosphere at high altitude
Altitude,
m

Temperature,
C

Pressure,
kPa

Gravity
g, m/s2

Speed of
Sound,
m/s

Density,
kg/m3

Viscosity
m, kg/ms

Thermal
Conductivity,
W/mK

0
200
400
600
800

15.00
13.70
12.40
11.10
9.80

101.33
98.95
96.61
94.32
92.08

9.807
9.806
9.805
9.805
9.804

340.3
339.5
338.8
338.0
337.2

1.225
1.202
1.179
1.156
1.134

1.789
1.783
1.777
1.771
1.764







105
105
105
105
105

0.0253
0.0252
0.0252
0.0251
0.0250

1000
1200
1400
1600
1800

8.50
7.20
5.90
4.60
3.30

89.88
87.72
85.60
83.53
81.49

9.804
9.803
9.802
9.802
9.801

336.4
335.7
334.9
334.1
333.3

1.112
1.090
1.069
1.048
1.027

1.758
1.752
1.745
1.739
1.732







105
105
105
105
105

0.0249
0.0248
0.0247
0.0245
0.0244

2000
2200
2400
2600
2800

2.00
0.70
0.59
1.89
3.19

79.50
77.55
75.63
73.76
71.92

9.800
9.800
9.799
9.799
9.798

332.5
331.7
331.0
330.2
329.4

1.007
0.987
0.967
0.947
0.928

1.726
1.720
1.713
1.707
1.700







105
105
105
105
105

0.0243
0.0242
0.0241
0.0240
0.0239

3000
3200
3400
3600
3800

4.49
5.79
7.09
8.39
9.69

70.12
68.36
66.63
64.94
63.28

9.797
9.797
9.796
9.796
9.795

328.6
327.8
327.0
326.2
325.4

0.909
0.891
0.872
0.854
0.837

1.694
1.687
1.681
1.674
1.668







105
105
105
105
105

0.0238
0.0237
0.0236
0.0235
0.0234

4000
4200
4400
4600
4800

10.98
12.3
13.6
14.9
16.2

61.66
60.07
58.52
57.00
55.51

9.794
9.794
9.793
9.793
9.792

324.6
323.8
323.0
322.2
321.4

0.819
0.802
0.785
0.769
0.752

1.661
1.655
1.648
1.642
1.635







105
105
105
105
105

0.0233
0.0232
0.0231
0.0230
0.0229

5000
5200
5400
5600
5800

17.5
18.8
20.1
21.4
22.7

54.05
52.62
51.23
49.86
48.52

9.791
9.791
9.790
9.789
9.785

320.5
319.7
318.9
318.1
317.3

0.736
0.721
0.705
0.690
0.675

1.628
1.622
1.615
1.608
1.602







105
105
105
105
105

0.0228
0.0227
0.0226
0.0224
0.0223

6000
6200
6400
6600
6800

24.0
25.3
26.6
27.9
29.2

47.22
45.94
44.69
43.47
42.27

9.788
9.788
9.787
9.786
9.785

316.5
315.6
314.8
314.0
313.1

0.660
0.646
0.631
0.617
0.604

1.595
1.588
1.582
1.575
1.568







105
105
105
105
105

0.0222
0.0221
0.0220
0.0219
0.0218

7000
8000
9000

30.5
36.9
43.4

41.11
35.65
30.80

9.785
9.782
9.779

312.3
308.1
303.8

0.590
0.526
0.467

1.561  105
1.527  105
1.493  105

0.0217
0.0212
0.0206

10,000
12,000
14,000
16,000
18,000

49.9
56.5
56.5
56.5
56.5

26.50
19.40
14.17
10.53
7.57

9.776
9.770
9.764
9.758
9.751

299.5
295.1
295.1
295.1
295.1

0.414
0.312
0.228
0.166
0.122

1.458
1.422
1.422
1.422
1.422

105
105
105
105
105

0.0201
0.0195
0.0195
0.0195
0.0195







Source: U.S. Standard Atmosphere Supplements, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1966. Based on year-round mean conditions at 45 latitude and varies with
the time of the year and the weather patterns. The conditions at sea level (z  0) are taken to be P  101.325 kPa, T  15C, r  1.2250 kg/m3,
g  9.80665 m2/s.

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934
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A17
Ideal-gas properties of air

T
K

h
kJ/kg

Pr

u
kJ/kg

vr

s
kJ/kgK

T
K

h
kJ/kg

Pr

u
kJ/kg

vr

s
kJ/kgK

200
210
220
230
240

199.97
209.97
219.97
230.02
240.02

0.3363
0.3987
0.4690
0.5477
0.6355

142.56
149.69
156.82
164.00
171.13

1707.0
1512.0
1346.0
1205.0
1084.0

1.29559
1.34444
1.39105
1.43557
1.47824

580
590
600
610
620

586.04
596.52
607.02
617.53
628.07

14.38
15.31
16.28
17.30
18.36

419.55
427.15
434.78
442.42
450.09

115.7
110.6
105.8
101.2
96.92

2.37348
2.39140
2.40902
2.42644
2.44356

250
260
270
280
285

250.05
260.09
270.11
280.13
285.14

0.7329
0.8405
0.9590
1.0889
1.1584

178.28
185.45
192.60
199.75
203.33

979.0
887.8
808.0
738.0
706.1

1.51917
1.55848
1.59634
1.63279
1.65055

630
640
650
660
670

638.63
649.22
659.84
670.47
681.14

19.84
20.64
21.86
23.13
24.46

457.78
465.50
473.25
481.01
488.81

92.84
88.99
85.34
81.89
78.61

2.46048
2.47716
2.49364
2.50985
2.52589

290
295
298
300
305

290.16
295.17
298.18
300.19
305.22

1.2311
1.3068
1.3543
1.3860
1.4686

206.91
210.49
212.64
214.07
217.67

676.1
647.9
631.9
621.2
596.0

1.66802
1.68515
1.69528
1.70203
1.71865

680
690
700
710
720

691.82
702.52
713.27
724.04
734.82

25.85
27.29
28.80
30.38
32.02

496.62
504.45
512.33
520.23
528.14

75.50
72.56
69.76
67.07
64.53

2.54175
2.55731
2.57277
2.58810
2.60319

310
315
320
325
330

310.24
315.27
320.29
325.31
330.34

1.5546
1.6442
1.7375
1.8345
1.9352

221.25
224.85
228.42
232.02
235.61

572.3
549.8
528.6
508.4
489.4

1.73498
1.75106
1.76690
1.78249
1.79783

730
740
750
760
780

745.62
756.44
767.29
778.18
800.03

33.72
35.50
37.35
39.27
43.35

536.07
544.02
551.99
560.01
576.12

62.13
59.82
57.63
55.54
51.64

2.61803
2.63280
2.64737
2.66176
2.69013

340
350
360
370
380

340.42
350.49
360.58
370.67
380.77

2.149
2.379
2.626
2.892
3.176

242.82
250.02
257.24
264.46
271.69

454.1
422.2
393.4
367.2
343.4

1.82790
1.85708
1.88543
1.91313
1.94001

800
820
840
860
880

821.95
843.98
866.08
888.27
910.56

47.75
52.59
57.60
63.09
68.98

592.30
608.59
624.95
641.40
657.95

48.08
44.84
41.85
39.12
36.61

2.71787
2.74504
2.77170
2.79783
2.82344

390
400
410
420
430

390.88
400.98
411.12
421.26
431.43

3.481
3.806
4.153
4.522
4.915

278.93
286.16
293.43
300.69
307.99

321.5
301.6
283.3
266.6
251.1

1.96633
1.99194
2.01699
2.04142
2.06533

900
920
940
960
980

932.93
955.38
977.92
1000.55
1023.25

75.29
82.05
89.28
97.00
105.2

674.58
691.28
708.08
725.02
741.98

34.31
32.18
30.22
28.40
26.73

2.84856
2.87324
2.89748
2.92128
2.94468

440
450
460
470
480

441.61
451.80
462.02
472.24
482.49

5.332
5.775
6.245
6.742
7.268

315.30
322.62
329.97
337.32
344.70

236.8
223.6
211.4
200.1
189.5

2.08870
2.11161
2.13407
2.15604
2.17760

1000
1020
1040
1060
1080

1046.04
1068.89
1091.85
1114.86
1137.89

114.0
123.4
133.3
143.9
155.2

758.94
776.10
793.36
810.62
827.88

25.17
23.72
23.29
21.14
19.98

2.96770
2.99034
3.01260
3.03449
3.05608

490
500
510
520
530

492.74
503.02
513.32
523.63
533.98

7.824
8.411
9.031
9.684
10.37

352.08
359.49
366.92
374.36
381.84

179.7
170.6
162.1
154.1
146.7

2.19876
2.21952
2.23993
2.25997
2.27967

1100
1120
1140
1160
1180

1161.07
1184.28
1207.57
1230.92
1254.34

167.1
179.7
193.1
207.2
222.2

845.33
862.79
880.35
897.91
915.57

18.896
17.886
16.946
16.064
15.241

3.07732
3.09825
3.11883
3.13916
3.15916

540
550
560
570

544.35
555.74
565.17
575.59

11.10
11.86
12.66
13.50

389.34
396.86
404.42
411.97

139.7
133.1
127.0
121.2

2.29906
2.31809
2.33685
2.35531

1200
1220
1240

1277.79
1301.31
1324.93

238.0
254.7
272.3

933.33
951.09
968.95

14.470
13.747
13.069

3.17888
3.19834
3.21751

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Page 935

935
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A17
Ideal-gas properties of air (Concluded)

T
K

h
kJ/kg

Pr

u
kJ/kg

vr

s
kJ/kgK

T
K

h
kJ/kg

1260
1280

1348.55
1372.24

290.8
310.4

986.90
1004.76

12.435 3.23638
11.835 3.25510

1600 1757.57
1620 1782.00

1300
1320
1340
1360
1380

1395.97
1419.76
1443.60
1467.49
1491.44

330.9
352.5
375.3
399.1
424.2

1022.82
1040.88
1058.94
1077.10
1095.26

11.275
10.747
10.247
9.780
9.337

3.27345
3.29160
3.30959
3.32724
3.34474

1640
1660
1680
1700
1750

1806.46 878.9
1830.96 925.6
1855.50 974.2
1880.1 1025
1941.6 1161

1335.72
1354.48
1373.24
1392.7
1439.8

5.355
5.147
4.949
4.761
4.328

3.55381
3.56867
3.58335
3.5979
3.6336

1400
1420
1440
1460
1480

1515.42
1539.44
1563.51
1587.63
1611.79

450.5
478.0
506.9
537.1
568.8

1113.52
1131.77
1150.13
1168.49
1186.95

8.919
8.526
8.153
7.801
7.468

3.36200
3.37901
3.39586
3.41247
3.42892

1800
1850
1900
1950
2000

2003.3
2065.3
2127.4
2189.7
2252.1

1310
1475
1655
1852
2068

1487.2
1534.9
1582.6
1630.6
1678.7

3.994
3.601
3.295
3.022
2.776

3.6684
3.7023
3.7354
3.7677
3.7994

1500
1520
1540
1560
1580

1635.97
1660.23
1684.51
1708.82
1733.17

601.9
636.5
672.8
710.5
750.0

1205.41
1223.87
1242.43
1260.99
1279.65

7.152
6.854
6.569
6.301
6.046

3.44516
3.46120
3.47712
3.49276
3.50829

2050
2100
2150
2200
2250

2314.6
2377.7
2440.3
2503.2
2566.4

2303
2559
2837
3138
3464

1726.8
1775.3
1823.8
1872.4
1921.3

2.555
2.356
2.175
2.012
1.864

3.8303
3.8605
3.8901
3.9191
3.9474

Pr

u
kJ/kg

vr

791.2 1298.30 5.804


834.1 1316.96 5.574

s
kJ/kgK
3.52364
3.53879

Note: The properties Pr (relative pressure) and vr (relative specific volume) are dimensionless quantities used in the analysis of isentropic processes, and
should not be confused with the properties pressure and specific volume.
Source: Kenneth Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983), pp. 78586, table A5. Originally published in J. H. Keenan and
J. Kaye, Gas Tables (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1948).

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Page 936

936
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A18
Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2
_
_
T
h
u
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

0
220
230
240
250

0
6,391
6,683
6,975
7,266

0
4,562
4,770
4,979
5,188

0
182.639
183.938
185.180
186.370

600
610
620
630
640

17,563
17,864
18,166
18,468
18,772

12,574
12,792
13,011
13,230
13,450

212.066
212.564
213.055
213.541
214.018

260
270
280
290
298

7,558
7,849
8,141
8,432
8,669

5,396
5,604
5,813
6,021
6,190

187.514
188.614
189.673
190.695
191.502

650
660
670
680
690

19,075
19,380
19,685
19,991
20,297

13,671
13,892
14,114
14,337
14,560

214.489
214.954
215.413
215.866
216.314

300
310
320
330
340

8,723
9,014
9,306
9,597
9,888

6,229
6,437
6,645
6,853
7,061

191.682
192.638
193.562
194.459
195.328

700
710
720
730
740

20,604
20,912
21,220
21,529
21,839

14,784
15,008
15,234
15,460
15,686

216.756
217.192
217.624
218.059
218.472

350
360
370
380
390

10,180
10,471
10,763
11,055
11,347

7,270
7,478
7,687
7,895
8,104

196.173
196.995
197.794
198.572
199.331

750
760
770
780
790

22,149
22,460
22,772
23,085
23,398

15,913
16,141
16,370
16,599
16,830

218.889
219.301
219.709
220.113
220.512

400
410
420
430
440

11,640
11,932
12,225
12,518
12,811

8,314
8,523
8,733
8,943
9,153

200.071
200.794
201.499
202.189
202.863

800
810
820
830
840

23,714
24,027
24,342
24,658
24,974

17,061
17,292
17,524
17,757
17,990

220.907
221.298
221.684
222.067
222.447

450
460
470
480
490

13,105
13,399
13,693
13,988
14,285

9,363
9,574
9,786
9,997
10,210

203.523
204.170
204.803
205.424
206.033

850
860
870
880
890

25,292
25,610
25,928
26,248
26,568

18,224
18,459
18,695
18,931
19,168

222.822
223.194
223.562
223.927
224.288

500
510
520
530
540

14,581
14,876
15,172
15,469
15,766

10,423
10,635
10,848
11,062
11,277

206.630
207.216
207.792
208.358
208.914

900
910
920
930
940

26,890
27,210
27,532
27,854
28,178

19,407
19,644
19,883
20,122
20,362

224.647
225.002
225.353
225.701
226.047

550
560
570
580
590

16,064
16,363
16,662
16,962
17,262

11,492
11,707
11,923
12,139
12,356

209.461
209.999
210.528
211.049
211.562

950
960
970
980
990

28,501
28,826
29,151
29,476
29,803

20,603
20,844
21,086
21,328
21,571

226.389
226.728
227.064
227.398
227.728

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937
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A18
Ideal-gas properties of nitrogen, N2 (Concluded)
_
_
_
T
h
u
s
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

1000
1020
1040
1060
1080

30,129
30,784
31,442
32,101
32,762

21,815
22,304
22,795
23,288
23,782

228.057
228.706
229.344
229.973
230.591

1760
1780
1800
1820
1840

56,227
56,938
57,651
58,363
59,075

41,594
42,139
42,685
43,231
43,777

247.396
247.798
248.195
248.589
248.979

1100
1120
1140
1160
1180

33,426
34,092
34,760
35,430
36,104

24,280
24,780
25,282
25,786
26,291

231.199
231.799
232.391
232.973
233.549

1860
1880
1900
1920
1940

59,790
60,504
61,220
61,936
62,654

44,324
44,873
45,423
45,973
46,524

249.365
249.748
250.128
250.502
250.874

1200
1220
1240
1260
1280

36,777
37,452
38,129
38,807
39,488

26,799
27,308
27,819
28,331
28,845

234.115
234.673
235.223
235.766
236.302

1960
1980
2000
2050
2100

63,381
64,090
64,810
66,612
68,417

47,075
47,627
48,181
49,567
50,957

251.242
251.607
251.969
252.858
253.726

1300
1320
1340
1360
1380

40,170
40,853
41,539
42,227
42,915

29,361
29,378
30,398
30,919
31,441

236.831
237.353
237.867
238.376
238.878

2150
2200
2250
2300
2350

70,226
72,040
73,856
75,676
77,496

52,351
53,749
55,149
56,553
57,958

254.578
255.412
256.227
257.027
257.810

1400
1420
1440
1460
1480

43,605
44,295
44,988
45,682
46,377

31,964
32,489
33,014
33,543
34,071

239.375
239.865
240.350
240.827
241.301

2400
2450
2500
2550
2600

79,320
81,149
82,981
84,814
86,650

59,366
60,779
62,195
63,613
65,033

258.580
259.332
260.073
260.799
261.512

1500
1520
1540
1560
1580

47,073
47,771
48,470
49,168
49,869

34,601
35,133
35,665
36,197
36,732

241.768
242.228
242.685
243.137
243.585

2650
2700
2750
2800
2850

88,488
90,328
92,171
94,014
95,859

66,455
67,880
69,306
70,734
72,163

262.213
262.902
263.577
264.241
264.895

1600
1620
1640
1660
1680

50,571
51,275
51,980
52,686
53,393

37,268
37,806
38,344
38,884
39,424

244.028
244.464
244.896
245.324
245.747

2900
2950
3000
3050
3100

97,705
99,556
101,407
103,260
105,115

73,593
75,028
76,464
77,902
79,341

265.538
266.170
266.793
267.404
268.007

1700
1720
1740

54,099
54,807
55,516

39,965
40,507
41,049

246.166
246.580
246.990

3150
3200
3250

106,972
108,830
110,690

80,782
82,224
83,668

268.601
269.186
269.763

Source: Tables A18 through A25 are adapted from Kenneth Wark, Thermodynamics, 4th ed. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983), pp. 78798. Originally
published in JANAF, Thermochemical Tables, NSRDS-NBS-37, 1971.

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938
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A19
Ideal-gas properties of oxygen, O2
_
_
T
h
u
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

0
220
230
240
250

0
6,404
6,694
6,984
7,275

0
4,575
4,782
4,989
5,197

0
196.171
197.461
198.696
199.885

600
610
620
630
640

17,929
18,250
18,572
18,895
19,219

12,940
13,178
13,417
13,657
13,898

226.346
226.877
227.400
227.918
228.429

260
270
280
290
298

7,566
7,858
8,150
8,443
8,682

5,405
5,613
5,822
6,032
6,203

201.027
202.128
203.191
204.218
205.033

650
660
670
680
690

19,544
19,870
20,197
20,524
20,854

14,140
14,383
14,626
14,871
15,116

228.932
229.430
229.920
230.405
230.885

300
310
320
330
340

8,736
9,030
9,325
9,620
9,916

6,242
6,453
6,664
6,877
7,090

205.213
206.177
207.112
208.020
208.904

700
710
720
730
740

21,184
21,514
21,845
22,177
22,510

15,364
15,611
15,859
16,107
16,357

231.358
231.827
232.291
232.748
233.201

350
360
370
380
390

10,213
10,511
10,809
11,109
11,409

7,303
7,518
7,733
7,949
8,166

209.765
210.604
211.423
212.222
213.002

750
760
770
780
790

22,844
23,178
23,513
23,850
24,186

16,607
16,859
17,111
17,364
17,618

233.649
234.091
234.528
234.960
235.387

400
410
420
430
440

11,711
12,012
12,314
12,618
12,923

8,384
8,603
8,822
9,043
9,264

213.765
214.510
215.241
215.955
216.656

800
810
820
830
840

24,523
24,861
25,199
25,537
25,877

17,872
18,126
18,382
18,637
18,893

235.810
236.230
236.644
237.055
237.462

450
460
470
480
490

13,228
13,525
13,842
14,151
14,460

9,487
9,710
9,935
10,160
10,386

217.342
218.016
218.676
219.326
219.963

850
860
870
880
890

26,218
26,559
26,899
27,242
27,584

19,150
19,408
19,666
19,925
20,185

237.864
238.264
238.660
239.051
239.439

500
510
520
530
540

14,770
15,082
15,395
15,708
16,022

10,614
10,842
11,071
11,301
11,533

220.589
221.206
221.812
222.409
222.997

900
910
920
930
940

27,928
28,272
28,616
28,960
29,306

20,445
20,706
20,967
21,228
21,491

239.823
240.203
240.580
240.953
241.323

550
560
570
580
590

16,338
16,654
16,971
17,290
17,609

11,765
11,998
12,232
12,467
12,703

223.576
224.146
224.708
225.262
225.808

950
960
970
980
990

29,652
29,999
30,345
30,692
31,041

21,754
22,017
22,280
22,544
22,809

241.689
242.052
242.411
242.768
242.120

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Page 939

939
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A19
Ideal-gas properties of oxygen, O2 (Concluded )
_
_
_
T
h
u
s
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

1000
1020
1040
1060
1080

31,389
32,088
32,789
33,490
34,194

23,075
23,607
24,142
24,677
25,214

243.471
244.164
244.844
245.513
246.171

1760
1780
1800
1820
1840

58,880
59,624
60,371
61,118
61,866

44,247
44,825
45,405
45,986
46,568

263.861
264.283
264.701
265.113
265.521

1100
1120
1140
1160
1180

34,899
35,606
36,314
37,023
37,734

25,753
26,294
26,836
27,379
27,923

246.818
247.454
248.081
248.698
249.307

1860
1880
1900
1920
1940

62,616
63,365
64,116
64,868
65,620

47,151
47,734
48,319
48,904
49,490

265.925
266.326
266.722
267.115
267.505

1200
1220
1240
1260
1280

38,447
39,162
39,877
40,594
41,312

28,469
29,018
29,568
30,118
30,670

249.906
250.497
251.079
251.653
252.219

1960
1980
2000
2050
2100

66,374
67,127
67,881
69,772
71,668

50,078
50,665
51,253
52,727
54,208

267.891
268.275
268.655
269.588
270.504

1300
1320
1340
1360
1380

42,033
42,753
43,475
44,198
44,923

31,224
31,778
32,334
32,891
33,449

252.776
253.325
253.868
254.404
254.932

2150
2200
2250
2300
2350

73,573
75,484
77,397
79,316
81,243

55,697
57,192
58,690
60,193
61,704

271.399
272.278
273.136
273.891
274.809

1400
1420
1440
1460
1480

45,648
46,374
47,102
47,831
48,561

34,008
34,567
35,129
35,692
36,256

255.454
255.968
256.475
256.978
257.474

2400
2450
2500
2550
2600

83,174
85,112
87,057
89,004
90,956

63,219
64,742
66,271
67,802
69,339

275.625
276.424
277.207
277.979
278.738

1500
1520
1540
1560
1580

49,292
50,024
50,756
51,490
52,224

36,821
37,387
37,952
38,520
39,088

257.965
258.450
258.928
259.402
259.870

2650
2700
2750
2800
2850

92,916
94,881
96,852
98,826
100,808

70,883
72,433
73,987
75,546
77,112

279.485
280.219
280.942
281.654
282.357

1600
1620
1640
1660
1680

52,961
53,696
54,434
55,172
55,912

39,658
40,227
40,799
41,370
41,944

260.333
260.791
261.242
261.690
262.132

2900
2950
3000
3050
3100

102,793
104,785
106,780
108,778
110,784

78,682
80,258
81,837
83,419
85,009

283.048
283.728
284.399
285.060
285.713

1700
1720
1740

56,652
57,394
58,136

42,517
43,093
43,669

262.571
263.005
263.435

3150
3200
3250

112,795
114,809
116,827

86,601
88,203
89,804

286.355
286.989
287.614

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940
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A20
Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide, CO2
_
_
T
h
u
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

0
220
230
240
250

0
6,601
6,938
7,280
7,627

0
4,772
5,026
5,285
5,548

0
202.966
204.464
205.920
207.337

600
610
620
630
640

22,280
22,754
23,231
23,709
24,190

17,291
17,683
18,076
18,471
18,869

243.199
243.983
244.758
245.524
246.282

260
270
280
290
298

7,979
8,335
8,697
9,063
9,364

5,817
6,091
6,369
6,651
6,885

208.717
210.062
211.376
212.660
213.685

650
660
670
680
690

24,674
25,160
25,648
26,138
26,631

19,270
19,672
20,078
20,484
20,894

247.032
247.773
248.507
249.233
249.952

300
310
320
330
340

9,431
9,807
10,186
10,570
10,959

6,939
7,230
7,526
7,826
8,131

213.915
215.146
216.351
217.534
218.694

700
710
720
730
740

27,125
27,622
28,121
28,622
29,124

21,305
21,719
22,134
22,522
22,972

250.663
251.368
252.065
252.755
253.439

350
360
370
380
390

11,351
11,748
12,148
12,552
12,960

8,439
8,752
9,068
9,392
9,718

219.831
220.948
222.044
223.122
224.182

750
760
770
780
790

29,629
30,135
30,644
31,154
31,665

23,393
23,817
24,242
24,669
25,097

254.117
254.787
255.452
256.110
256.762

400
410
420
430
440

13,372
13,787
14,206
14,628
15,054

10,046
10,378
10,714
11,053
11,393

225.225
226.250
227.258
228.252
229.230

800
810
820
830
840

32,179
32,694
33,212
33,730
34,251

25,527
25,959
26,394
26,829
27,267

257.408
258.048
258.682
259.311
259.934

450
460
470
480
490

15,483
15,916
16,351
16,791
17,232

11,742
12,091
12,444
12,800
13,158

230.194
231.144
232.080
233.004
233.916

850
860
870
880
890

34,773
35,296
35,821
36,347
36,876

27,706
28,125
28,588
29,031
29,476

260.551
261.164
261.770
262.371
262.968

500
510
520
530
540

17,678
18,126
18,576
19,029
19,485

13,521
13,885
14,253
14,622
14,996

234.814
235.700
236.575
237.439
238.292

900
910
920
930
940

37,405
37,935
38,467
39,000
39,535

29,922
30,369
30,818
31,268
31,719

263.559
264.146
264.728
265.304
265.877

550
560
570
580
590

19,945
20,407
20,870
21,337
21,807

15,372
15,751
16,131
16,515
16,902

239.135
239.962
240.789
241.602
242.405

950
960
970
980
990

40,070
40,607
41,145
41,685
42,226

32,171
32,625
33,081
33,537
33,995

266.444
267.007
267.566
268.119
268.670

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

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Page 941

941
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A20
Ideal-gas properties of carbon dioxide, CO2 (Concluded)
_
_
_
T
h
u
s
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

1000
1020
1040
1060
1080

42,769
43,859
44,953
46,051
47,153

34,455
35,378
36,306
37,238
38,174

269.215
270.293
271.354
272.400
273.430

1760
1780
1800
1820
1840

86,420
87,612
88,806
90,000
91,196

71,787
72,812
73,840
74,868
75,897

301.543
302.217
302.884
303.544
304.198

1100
1120
1140
1160
1180

48,258
49,369
50,484
51,602
52,724

39,112
40,057
41,006
41,957
42,913

274.445
275.444
276.430
277.403
278.361

1860
1880
1900
1920
1940

92,394
93,593
94,793
95,995
97,197

76,929
77,962
78,996
80,031
81,067

304.845
305.487
306.122
306.751
307.374

1200
1220
1240
1260
1280

53,848
54,977
56,108
57,244
58,381

43,871
44,834
45,799
46,768
47,739

297.307
280.238
281.158
282.066
282.962

1960
1980
2000
2050
2100

98,401
99,606
100,804
103,835
106,864

82,105
83,144
84,185
86,791
89,404

307.992
308.604
309.210
310.701
312.160

1300
1320
1340
1360
1380

59,522
60,666
61,813
62,963
64,116

48,713
49,691
50,672
51,656
52,643

283.847
284.722
285.586
286.439
287.283

2150
2200
2250
2300
2350

109,898
112,939
115,984
119,035
122,091

92,023
94,648
97,277
99,912
102,552

313.589
314.988
316.356
317.695
319.011

1400
1420
1440
1460
1480

65,271
66,427
67,586
68,748
66,911

53,631
54,621
55,614
56,609
57,606

288.106
288.934
289.743
290.542
291.333

2400
2450
2500
2550
2600

125,152
128,219
131,290
134,368
137,449

105,197
107,849
110,504
113,166
115,832

320.302
321.566
322.808
324.026
325.222

1500
1520
1540
1560
1580

71,078
72,246
73,417
74,590
76,767

58,606
59,609
60,613
61,620
62,630

292.114
292.888
292.654
294.411
295.161

2650
2700
2750
2800
2850

140,533
143,620
146,713
149,808
152,908

118,500
121,172
123,849
126,528
129,212

326.396
327.549
328.684
329.800
330.896

1600
1620
1640
1660
1680

76,944
78,123
79,303
80,486
81,670

63,741
64,653
65,668
66,592
67,702

295.901
296.632
297.356
298.072
298.781

2900
2950
3000
3050
3100

156,009
159,117
162,226
165,341
168,456

131,898
134,589
137,283
139,982
142,681

331.975
333.037
334.084
335.114
336.126

1700
1720
1740

82,856
84,043
85,231

68,721
69,742
70,764

299.482
300.177
300.863

3150
3200
3250

171,576
174,695
177,822

145,385
148,089
150,801

337.124
338.109
339.069

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942
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A21
Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide, CO
_
_
_
T
h
u
s
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

0
220
230
240
250

0
6,391
6,683
6,975
7,266

0
4,562
4,771
4,979
5,188

0
188.683
189.980
191.221
192.411

600
610
620
630
640

17,611
17,915
18,221
18,527
18,833

12,622
12,843
13,066
13,289
13,512

218.204
218.708
219.205
219.695
220.179

260
270
280
290
298

7,558
7,849
8,140
8,432
8,669

5,396
5,604
5,812
6,020
6,190

193.554
194.654
195.713
196.735
197.543

650
660
670
680
690

19,141
19,449
19,758
20,068
20,378

13,736
13,962
14,187
14,414
14,641

220.656
221.127
221.592
222.052
222.505

300
310
320
330
340

8,723
9,014
9,306
9,597
9,889

6,229
6,437
6,645
6,854
7,062

197.723
198.678
199.603
200.500
201.371

700
710
720
730
740

20,690
21,002
21,315
21,628
21,943

14,870
15,099
15,328
15,558
15,789

222.953
223.396
223.833
224.265
224.692

350
360
370
380
390

10,181
10,473
10,765
11,058
11,351

7,271
7,480
7,689
7,899
8,108

202.217
203.040
203.842
204.622
205.383

750
760
770
780
790

22,258
22,573
22,890
23,208
23,526

16,022
16,255
16,488
16,723
16,957

225.115
225.533
225.947
226.357
226.762

400
410
420
430
440

11,644
11,938
12,232
12,526
12,821

8,319
8,529
8,740
8,951
9,163

206.125
206.850
207.549
208.252
208.929

800
810
820
830
840

23,844
24,164
24,483
24,803
25,124

17,193
17,429
17,665
17,902
18,140

227.162
227.559
227.952
228.339
228.724

450
460
470
480
490

13,116
13,412
13,708
14,005
14,302

9,375
9,587
9,800
10,014
10,228

209.593
210.243
210.880
211.504
212.117

850
860
870
880
890

25,446
25,768
26,091
26,415
26,740

18,379
18,617
18,858
19,099
19,341

229.106
229.482
229.856
230.227
230.593

500
510
520
530
540

14,600
14,898
15,197
15,497
15,797

10,443
10,658
10,874
11,090
11,307

212.719
213.310
213.890
214.460
215.020

900
910
920
930
940

27,066
27,392
27,719
28,046
28,375

19,583
19,826
20,070
20,314
20,559

230.957
231.317
231.674
232.028
232.379

550
560
570
580
590

16,097
16,399
16,701
17,003
17,307

11,524
11,743
11,961
12,181
12,401

215.572
216.115
216.649
217.175
217.693

950
960
970
980
990

28,703
29,033
29,362
29,693
30,024

20,805
21,051
21,298
21,545
21,793

232.727
233.072
233.413
233.752
234.088

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

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Page 943

943
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A21
Ideal-gas properties of carbon monoxide, CO (Concluded)
_
_
_
T
h
u
s
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

1000
1020
1040
1060
1080

30,355
31,020
31,688
32,357
33,029

22,041
22,540
23,041
23,544
24,049

234.421
235.079
235.728
236.364
236.992

1760
1780
1800
1820
1840

56,756
57,473
58,191
58,910
59,629

42,123
42,673
43,225
43,778
44,331

253.991
254.398
254.797
255.194
255.587

1100
1120
1140
1160
1180

33,702
34,377
35,054
35,733
36,406

24,557
25,065
25,575
26,088
26,602

237.609
238.217
238.817
239.407
239.989

1860
1880
1900
1920
1940

60,351
61,072
61,794
62,516
63,238

44,886
45,441
45,997
46,552
47,108

255.976
256.361
256.743
257.122
257.497

1200
1220
1240
1260
1280

37,095
37,780
38,466
39,154
39,844

27,118
27,637
28,426
28,678
29,201

240.663
241.128
241.686
242.236
242.780

1960
1980
2000
2050
2100

63,961
64,684
65,408
67,224
69,044

47,665
48,221
48,780
50,179
51,584

257.868
258.236
258.600
259.494
260.370

1300
1320
1340
1360
1380

40,534
41,226
41,919
42,613
43,309

29,725
30,251
30,778
31,306
31,836

243.316
243.844
244.366
244.880
245.388

2150
2200
2250
2300
2350

70,864
72,688
74,516
76,345
78,178

52,988
54,396
55,809
57,222
58,640

261.226
262.065
262.887
263.692
264.480

1400
1420
1440
1460
1480

44,007
44,707
45,408
46,110
46,813

32,367
32,900
33,434
33,971
34,508

245.889
246.385
246.876
247.360
247.839

2400
2450
2500
2550
2600

80,015
81,852
83,692
85,537
87,383

60,060
61,482
62,906
64,335
65,766

265.253
266.012
266.755
267.485
268.202

1500
1520
1540
1560
1580

47,517
48,222
48,928
49,635
50,344

35,046
35,584
36,124
36,665
37,207

248.312
248.778
249.240
249.695
250.147

2650
2700
2750
2800
2850

89,230
91,077
92,930
94,784
96,639

67,197
68,628
70,066
71,504
72,945

268.905
269.596
270.285
270.943
271.602

1600
1620
1640
1660
1680

51,053
51,763
52,472
53,184
53,895

37,750
38,293
38,837
39,382
39,927

250.592
251.033
251.470
251.901
252.329

2900
2950
3000
3050
3100

98,495
100,352
102,210
104,073
105,939

74,383
75,825
77,267
78,715
80,164

272.249
272.884
273.508
274.123
274.730

1700
1720
1740

54,609
55,323
56,039

40,474
41,023
41,572

252.751
253.169
253.582

3150
3200
3250

107,802
109,667
111,534

81,612
83,061
84,513

275.326
275.914
276.494

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

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944
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A22
Ideal-gas properties of hydrogen, H2
_
_
T
h
u
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

0
260
270
280
290

0
7,370
7,657
7,945
8,233

0
5,209
5,412
5,617
5,822

0
126.636
127.719
128.765
129.775

1440
1480
1520
1560
1600

42,808
44,091
45,384
46,683
47,990

30,835
31,786
32,746
33,713
34,687

177.410
178.291
179.153
179.995
180.820

298
300
320
340
360

8,468
8,522
9,100
9,680
10,262

5,989
6,027
6,440
6,853
7,268

130.574
130.754
132.621
134.378
136.039

1640
1680
1720
1760
1800

49,303
50,622
51,947
53,279
54,618

35,668
36,654
37,646
38,645
39,652

181.632
182.428
183.208
183.973
184.724

380
400
420
440
460

10,843
11,426
12,010
12,594
13,179

7,684
8,100
8,518
8,936
9,355

137.612
139.106
140.529
141.888
143.187

1840
1880
1920
1960
2000

55,962
57,311
58,668
60,031
61,400

40,663
41,680
42,705
43,735
44,771

185.463
186.190
186.904
187.607
188.297

480
500
520
560
600

13,764
14,350
14,935
16,107
17,280

9,773
10,193
10,611
11,451
12,291

144.432
145.628
146.775
148.945
150.968

2050
2100
2150
2200
2250

63,119
64,847
66,584
68,328
70,080

46,074
47,386
48,708
50,037
51,373

189.148
189.979
190.796
191.598
192.385

640
680
720
760
800

18,453
19,630
20,807
21,988
23,171

13,133
13,976
14,821
15,669
16,520

152.863
154.645
156.328
157.923
159.440

2300
2350
2400
2450
2500

71,839
73,608
75,383
77,168
78,960

52,716
54,069
55,429
56,798
58,175

193.159
193.921
194.669
195.403
196.125

840
880
920
960
1000

24,359
25,551
26,747
27,948
29,154

17,375
18,235
19,098
19,966
20,839

160.891
162.277
163.607
164.884
166.114

2550
2600
2650
2700
2750

80,755
82,558
84,368
86,186
88,008

59,554
60,941
62,335
63,737
65,144

196.837
197.539
198.229
198.907
199.575

1040
1080
1120
1160
1200

30,364
31,580
32,802
34,028
35,262

21,717
22,601
23,490
24,384
25,284

167.300
168.449
169.560
170.636
171.682

2800
2850
2900
2950
3000

89,838
91,671
93,512
95,358
97,211

66,558
67,976
69,401
70,831
72,268

200.234
200.885
201.527
202.157
202.778

1240
1280
1320
1360
1400

36,502
37,749
39,002
40,263
41,530

26,192
27,106
28,027
28,955
29,889

172.698
173.687
174.652
175.593
176.510

3050
3100
3150
3200
3250

99,065
100,926
102,793
104,667
106,545

73,707
75,152
76,604
78,061
79,523

203.391
203.995
204.592
205.181
205.765

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

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Page 945

945
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A23
Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H2O
_
_
T
h
u
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

0
220
230
240
250

0
7,295
7,628
7,961
8,294

0
5,466
5,715
5,965
6,215

0
178.576
180.054
181.471
182.831

600
610
620
630
640

20,402
20,765
21,130
21,495
21,862

15,413
15,693
15,975
16,257
16,541

212.920
213.529
214.122
214.707
215.285

260
270
280
290
298

8,627
8,961
9,296
9,631
9,904

6,466
6,716
6,968
7,219
7,425

184.139
185.399
186.616
187.791
188.720

650
660
670
680
690

22,230
22,600
22,970
23,342
23,714

16,826
17,112
17,399
17,688
17,978

215.856
216.419
216.976
217.527
218.071

300
310
320
330
340

9,966
10,302
10,639
10,976
11,314

7,472
7,725
7,978
8,232
8,487

188.928
190.030
191.098
192.136
193.144

700
710
720
730
740

24,088
24,464
24,840
25,218
25,597

18,268
18,561
18,854
19,148
19,444

218.610
219.142
219.668
220.189
220.707

350
360
370
380
390

11,652
11,992
12,331
12,672
13,014

8,742
8,998
9,255
9,513
9,771

194.125
195.081
196.012
196.920
197.807

750
760
770
780
790

25,977
26,358
26,741
27,125
27,510

19,741
20,039
20,339
20,639
20,941

221.215
221.720
222.221
222.717
223.207

400
410
420
430
440

13,356
13,699
14,043
14,388
14,734

10,030
10,290
10,551
10,813
11,075

198.673
199.521
200.350
201.160
201.955

800
810
820
830
840

27,896
28,284
28,672
29,062
29,454

21,245
21,549
21,855
22,162
22,470

223.693
224.174
224.651
225.123
225.592

450
460
470
480
490

15,080
15,428
15,777
16,126
16,477

11,339
11,603
11,869
12,135
12,403

202.734
203.497
204.247
204.982
205.705

850
860
870
880
890

29,846
30,240
30,635
31,032
31,429

22,779
23,090
23,402
23,715
24,029

226.057
226.517
226.973
227.426
227.875

500
510
520
530
540

16,828
17,181
17,534
17,889
18,245

12,671
12,940
13,211
13,482
13,755

206.413
207.112
207.799
208.475
209.139

900
910
920
930
940

31,828
32,228
32,629
33,032
33,436

24,345
24,662
24,980
25,300
25,621

228.321
228.763
229.202
229.637
230.070

550
560
570
580
590

18,601
18,959
19,318
19,678
20,039

14,028
14,303
14,579
14,856
15,134

209.795
210.440
211.075
211.702
212.320

950
960
970
980
990

33,841
34,247
34,653
35,061
35,472

25,943
26,265
26,588
26,913
27,240

230.499
230.924
231.347
231.767
232.184

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

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10:05 AM

Page 946

946
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A23
Ideal-gas properties of water vapor, H2O (Continued )
_
_
_
T
h
u
s
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

1000
1020
1040
1060
1080

35,882
36,709
37,542
38,380
39,223

27,568
28,228
28,895
29,567
30,243

232.597
233.415
234.223
235.020
235.806

1760
1780
1800
1820
1840

70,535
71,523
72,513
73,507
74,506

55,902
56,723
57,547
58,375
59,207

258.151
258.708
259.262
259.811
260.357

1100
1120
1140
1160
1180

40,071
40,923
41,780
42,642
43,509

30,925
31,611
32,301
32,997
33,698

236.584
237.352
238.110
238.859
239.600

1860
1880
1900
1920
1940

75,506
76,511
77,517
78,527
79,540

60,042
60,880
61,720
62,564
63,411

260.898
261.436
261.969
262.497
263.022

1200
1220
1240
1260
1280

44,380
45,256
46,137
47,022
47,912

34,403
35,112
35,827
36,546
37,270

240.333
241.057
241.773
242.482
243.183

1960
1980
2000
2050
2100

80,555
81,573
82,593
85,156
87,735

64,259
65,111
65,965
68,111
70,275

263.542
264.059
264.571
265.838
267.081

1300
1320
1340
1360
1380

48,807
49,707
50,612
51,521
52,434

38,000
38,732
39,470
40,213
40,960

243.877
244.564
245.243
245.915
246.582

2150
2200
2250
2300
2350

90,330
92,940
95,562
98,199
100,846

72,454
74,649
76,855
79,076
81,308

268.301
269.500
270.679
271.839
272.978

1400
1420
1440
1460
1480

53,351
54,273
55,198
56,128
57,062

41,711
42,466
43,226
43,989
44,756

247.241
247.895
248.543
249.185
249.820

2400
2450
2500
2550
2600

103,508
106,183
108,868
111,565
114,273

83,553
85,811
88,082
90,364
92,656

274.098
275.201
276.286
277.354
278.407

1500
1520
1540
1560
1580

57,999
58,942
59,888
60,838
61,792

45,528
46,304
47,084
47,868
48,655

250.450
251.074
251.693
252.305
252.912

2650
2700
2750
2800
2850

116,991
119,717
122,453
125,198
127,952

94,958
97,269
99,588
101,917
104,256

279.441
280.462
281.464
282.453
283.429

1600
1620
1640
1660
1680

62,748
63,709
64,675
65,643
66,614

49,445
50,240
51,039
51,841
52,646

253.513
254.111
254.703
255.290
255.873

2900
2950
3000
3050
3100

130,717
133,486
136,264
139,051
141,846

106,605
108,959
111,321
113,692
116,072

284.390
285.338
286.273
287.194
288.102

1700
1720
1740

67,589
68,567
69,550

53,455
54,267
55,083

256.450
257.022
257.589

3150
3200
3250

144,648
147,457
150,272

118,458
120,851
123,250

288.999
289.884
290.756

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947
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A24
Ideal-gas properties of monatomic oxygen, O
_
_
_
T
h
u
s
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

0
298
300
500
1000
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2050
2100
2150
2200
2250
2300
2350

0
6,852
6,892
11,197
21,713
32,150
34,234
36,317
38,400
40,482
42,564
43,605
44,646
45,687
46,728
47,769
48,811
49,852

0
4,373
4,398
7,040
13,398
19,679
20,931
22,183
23,434
24,685
25,935
26,560
27,186
27,811
28,436
29,062
29,688
30,314

0
160.944
161.079
172.088
186.678
195.143
196.488
197.751
198.941
200.067
201.135
201.649
202.151
202.641
203.119
203.588
204.045
204.493

2400
2450
2500
2550
2600
2650
2700
2750
2800
2850
2900
2950
3000
3100
3200
3300
3400
3500

50,894
51,936
52,979
54,021
55,064
56,108
57,152
58,196
59,241
60,286
61,332
62,378
63,425
65,520
67,619
69,720
71,824
73,932

30,940
31,566
32,193
32,820
33,447
34,075
34,703
35,332
35,961
36,590
37,220
37,851
38,482
39,746
41,013
42,283
43,556
44,832

204.932
205.362
205.783
206.196
206.601
206.999
207.389
207.772
208.148
208.518
208.882
209.240
209.592
210.279
210.945
211.592
212.220
212.831

Ideal-gas properties of hydroxyl, OH


_
_
T
h
u
K
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

T
K

_
h
kJ/kmol

_
u
kJ/kmol

_
s
kJ/kmolK

0
298
300
500
1000
1500
1600
1700
1800
1900
2000
2050
2100
2150
2200
2250
2300
2350

0
183.594
183.779
198.955
219.624
232.506
234.642
236.672
238.606
240.453
242.221
243.077
243.917
244.740
245.547
246.338
247.116
247.879

2400
2450
2500
2550
2600
2650
2700
2750
2800
2850
2900
2950
3000
3100
3200
3300
3400
3500

77,015
78,801
80,592
82,388
84,189
85,995
87,806
89,622
91,442
93,266
95,095
96,927
98,763
102,447
106,145
109,855
113,578
117,312

57,061
58,431
59,806
61,186
62,572
63,962
65,358
66,757
68,162
69,570
70,983
72,400
73,820
76,673
79,539
82,418
85,309
88,212

248.628
249.364
250.088
250.799
251.499
252.187
252.864
253.530
254.186
254.832
255.468
256.094
256.712
257.919
259.093
260.235
261.347
262.429

TABLE A25

0
9,188
9,244
15,181
30,123
46,046
49,358
52,706
56,089
59,505
62,952
64,687
66,428
68,177
69,932
71,694
73,462
75,236

0
6,709
6,749
11,024
21,809
33,575
36,055
38,571
41,123
43,708
46,323
47,642
48,968
50,301
51,641
52,987
54,339
55,697

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948
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A26
Enthalpy of formation, Gibbs function of formation, and absolute entropy at
25C, 1 atm
_
_
_
hf
gf
s
Substance
Formula
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmol
kJ/kmolK
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Carbon monoxide
Carbon dioxide
Water vapor
Water
Hydrogen peroxide
Ammonia
Methane
Acetylene
Ethylene
Ethane
Propylene
Propane
n-Butane
n-Octane
n-Octane
n-Dodecane
Benzene
Methyl alcohol
Methyl alcohol
Ethyl alcohol
Ethyl alcohol
Oxygen
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
Hydroxyl

C(s)
H2(g)
N2(g)
O2(g)
CO(g)
CO2(g)
H2O(g)
H2O()
H2O2(g)
NH3(g)
CH4(g)
C2H2(g)
C2H4(g)
C2H6(g)
C3H6(g)
C3H8(g)
C4H10(g)
C8H18(g)
C8H18()
C12H26(g)
C6H6(g)
CH3OH(g)
CH3OH()
C2H5OH(g)
C2H5OH()
O(g)
H(g)
N(g)
OH(g)

0
0
0
0
110,530
393,520
241,820
285,830
136,310
46,190
74,850
+226,730
+52,280
84,680
+20,410
103,850
126,150
208,450
249,950
291,010
+82,930
200,670
238,660
235,310
277,690
+249,190
+218,000
+472,650
+39,460

0
0
0
0
137,150
394,360
228,590
237,180
105,600
16,590
50,790
+209,170
+68,120
32,890
+62,720
23,490
15,710
+16,530
+6,610
+50,150
+129,660
162,000
166,360
168,570
174,890
+231,770
+203,290
+455,510
+34,280

5.74
130.68
191.61
205.04
197.65
213.80
188.83
69.92
232.63
192.33
186.16
200.85
219.83
229.49
266.94
269.91
310.12
466.73
360.79
622.83
269.20
239.70
126.80
282.59
160.70
161.06
114.72
153.30
183.70

Source: From JANAF, Thermochemical Tables (Midland, MI: Dow Chemical Co., 1971); Selected
Values of Chemical Thermodynamic Properties, NBS Technical Note 270-3, 1968; and API
Research Project 44 (Carnegie Press, 1953).

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949
APPENDIX 1

TABLE A27
Properties of some common fuels and hydrocarbons

Fuel (phase)

Formula

Molar
mass,
kg/kmol

Carbon (s)
Hydrogen (g)
Carbon monoxide (g)
Methane (g)
Methanol ()
Acetylene (g)
Ethane (g)
Ethanol ()
Propane ()
Butane ()
1-Pentene ()
Isopentane ()
Benzene ()
Hexene ()
Hexane ()
Toluene ()
Heptane ()
Octane ()
Decane ()
Gasoline ()
Light diesel ()
Heavy diesel ()
Natural gas (g)

C
H2
CO
CH4
CH4O
C2H2
C2H6
C2H6O
C3H8
C4H10
C5H10
C5H12
C6H6
C6H12
C6H14
C7H8
C7H16
C8H18
C10H22
CnH1.87n
CnH1.8n
CnH1.7n
CnH3.8nN0.1n

12.011
2.016
28.013
16.043
32.042
26.038
30.070
46.069
44.097
58.123
70.134
72.150
78.114
84.161
86.177
92.141
100.204
114.231
142.285
100110
170
200
18

Density,1
kg/L
2

0.790

0.790
0.500
0.579
0.641
0.626
0.877
0.673
0.660
0.867
0.684
0.703
0.730
0.720.78
0.780.84
0.820.88

1At

1 atm and 20C.

2At

25C for liquid fuels, and 1 atm and normal boiling temperature for gaseous fuels.

3At

25C. Multiply by molar mass to obtain heating values in kJ/kmol.

Enthalpy of
vaporization,2
kJ/kg

Specific
heat,1 cp
kJ/kgK

Higher
heating
value,3
kJ/kg

Lower
heating
value,3
kJ/kg

509
1168

172
919
335
362
363

433
392
366
412
365
363
361
350
270
230

0.708
14.4
1.05
2.20
2.53
1.69
1.75
2.44
2.77
2.42
2.20
2.32
1.72
1.84
2.27
1.71
2.24
2.23
2.21
2.4
2.2
1.9
2

32,800
141,800
10,100
55,530
22,660
49,970
51,900
29,670
50,330
49,150
47,760
48,570
41,800
47,500
48,310
42,400
48,100
47,890
47,640
47,300
46,100
45,500
50,000

32,800
120,000
10,100
50,050
19,920
48,280
47,520
26,810
46,340
45,370
44,630
44,910
40,100
44,400
44,740
40,500
44,600
44,430
44,240
44,000
43,200
42,800
45,000

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950
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

TABLE A28
Natural logarithms of the equilibrium constant Kp
The equilibrium constant Kp for the reaction nA A + nB B nC C + nD D is defined as Kp

PCnC PDnD
PAnA PBnB

Temp.,
K

H2 2H

O2 2O

N2 2N

298 164.005
500
92.827
1000 39.803
1200 30.874
1400 24.463
1600 19.637
1800 15.866
2000 12.840
2200 10.353
2400
8.276
2600
6.517
2800
5.002
3000
3.685
3200
2.534
3400
1.516
3600
0.609
3800
0.202
4000
0.934
4500
2.486
5000
3.725
5500
4.743
6000
5.590

186.975
105.630
45.150
35.005
27.742
22.285
18.030
14.622
11.827
9.497
7.521
5.826
4.357
3.072
1.935
0.926
0.019
0.796
2.513
3.895
5.023
5.963

367.480
213.372
99.127
80.011
66.329
56.055
48.051
41.645
36.391
32.011
28.304
25.117
22.359
19.937
17.800
15.898
14.199
12.660
9.414
6.807
4.666
2.865

H2O H2 + 1/2O2

H2O 1/2H2 + OH

CO2 CO + 1/2O2

92.208
52.691
23.163
18.182
14.609
11.921
9.826
8.145
6.768
5.619
4.648
3.812
3.086
2.451
1.891
1.392
0.945
0.542
0.312
0.996
1.560
2.032

106.208
60.281
26.034
20.283
16.099
13.066
10.657
8.728
7.148
5.832
4.719
3.763
2.937
2.212
1.576
1.088
0.501
0.044
0.920
1.689
2.318
2.843

103.762
57.616
23.529
17.871
13.842
10.830
8.497
6.635
5.120
3.860
2.801
1.894
1.111
0.429
0.169
0.701
1.176
1.599
2.490
3.197
3.771
4.245

1/ N
2 2

+ 1/2O2 NO
35.052
20.295
9.388
7.569
6.270
5.294
4.536
3.931
3.433
3.019
2.671
2.372
2.114
1.888
1.690
1.513
1.356
1.216
0.921
0.686
0.497
0.341

Source: Gordon J. Van Wylen and Richard E. Sonntag, Fundamentals of Classical Thermodynamics, English/SI Version, 3rd ed. (New York: John Wiley &
Sons, 1986), p. 723, table A.14. Based on thermodynamic data given in JANAF, Thermochemical Tables (Midland, MI: Thermal Research Laboratory, The
Dow Chemical Company, 1971).

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Page 951

951
APPENDIX 1
7.5

0.50

7.0

0.55
TR

0.60

6.5
0.65
0.70

6.0
Sa

tur

5.5

0.75

ate

0.80

dl

iqu

id

0.90

5.0
0.75

0.85
0.90

1.10
1.15

0.92

3.5

0.94

1.20

0.96

1.25

3.0
1.30
0.98

2.5

1.40

2.0

1.50 1.60

1.5
1.1
1.2 0
0

r
apo 5
0.9

v
ted
ura
Sat .90
0

0.5

1.90 2.00
2.20

3
1.

1.

1.0

00

1.70 1.80

2.40 2.60

1.5

2.80
3.00

2.00

4.00

0.2

0.3 0.4 0.5

1.0

2.0

3.0 4.0 5.0

10

20

30

Reduced pressure, PR

0.500

0.400

TR

0
0.9 0
9

0.

80

TR

0
1.0

0.

0.300

SSa
attuu
rraa
tteed
dv
vaap
poo
urr

0.1

hideal h
hideal h
=
Enthalpy departure Zh =
RuTcr
RTcr

hideal h
hideal h
=
Enthalpy departure Zh =
RuTcr
RTcr

0.80

4.5
4.0

0.85

0.94 0.92
0.98 0.96
1.00
1.02
1.04
1.06
1.08

0.200

1.10
1.20
1.40
1.60

0.100

2.00
0.000
0

0.05

0.10

0.15
P

0.20

0.25

0.30

FIGURE A29
Generalized enthalpy departure chart.
Source: Redrawn from Gordon van Wylen, and
Richard Sontag, Fundamentals of Classical
Thermodynamics, (SI version), 2d ed., Wiley,
New York, 1976. Reprinted by permission of
John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

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Page 952

9.0

TRr

8.0

0.500

urr
ppoo
.90
vvaa
d
d
=0
e
atte
TR
urra
u
t
t
a
SSa
0
1.0

0.400
0.300

0.
80

Entropy departure

10.0

sideal s
sideal s
=
Zs =
Ru
R

952
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

0.200
0.100
0.000
0

1.10
1.20
1.40
1.60
2.00
0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30
PR

7.0
0.55
0.60
sid
igqau
dedl
artaet
tautru
SSa

sideal s
sideal s
=
Entropy departure Zs =
Ru
R

0.50

6.0

0.65
0.70

5.0

0.75

0.75

0.80

0.80
0.85

4.0

0.90
0.90

0.94

0.92
0.98

0.92
0.96

0.94

1.00

1.02

0.96

0.85

3.0

0.94
0.98

1.04

1.02

1.06
1.08

0.98

1.06

1.10
1.15

2.0
1.20

1.30

Source: Redrawn from Gordon van Wylen, and


Richard Sontag, Fundamentals of Classical
Thermodynamics, (SI version), 2d ed., Wiley,
New York, 1976. Reprinted by permission of
John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

1.0

1.0.95
00

FIGURE A30
Generalized entropy departure chart.

por
ted va
0
Satura
0.9

0
0.1

0.2

0.3 0.40.5

4
1.0 .10
1
1.20
1.40
1.60

1.0

2.0

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.80

2.00
3.00

2.50

3.0 4.0 5.0

Reduced pressure, PR

10

20

30

2.5
5

10

(h

10

15

ilo
)k

tio
ra
tu
a
S

60

te

pe

4
0.8

%
50
%

40

Dry bulb temperature C

20

%
60

30%

30

y
umidit
lative h
10% re

re

atu

per

em

lb t

t bu

we

20%

25

40

0
0.9

2
0.8

0
0.8

8
0.7

Reprinted by permission of the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., Atlanta, GA; used with permission.

20

25

6
0.8

FIGURE A31
Psychrometric chart at 1 atm total pressure.

15

C
e
20

ur

t
ra

80

8
0.8

Prepared by Center for Applied Thermodynamic Studies, University of Idaho.

10

2.0

30

50

th
En

p
al

er
sp

e
ul
jo

am
70

gr

ilo

ai

30

eter
dry

40

Enthalpy
h
=
Humidity ratio


ry

30

ram

90

100
4
0.9

20

4.0

0.4

0.2

1.0
1.5
5.0
2.0
4.0
2.0
HS

Sensible heat

=
4.0
0.0
Total heat
HT 2.0
1.0
1.0

.5
olu

50

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

60

70

80

90

100

110

120

0.95
1.0

0.90

0.85

0.80

0.75

0.70

0.65

0.60

0.55

0.50

0.45

0.40

0.36

10:05 AM

5.0
3
0.

10.0

1.0
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5

0.1

3.0

0.2

Sea Level

2v

0.9

90

1992 American Society of Heating,


Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.

ASHRAE Psychrometric Chart No. 1


Normal Temperature
Barometric Pressure: 101.325 kPa

cm

bi
e cu

80

12/18/09

70

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953
APPENDIX 1

pe
log
r ki
air

HS
Sensible heat

=
Total heat
HT
Humidity ratio () grams moisture per kilogram dry air

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Page 954

954
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

k1
B 2  (k  1)Ma2
0.5(k1) (k1)
A
1
2
k1

ca
b a1 
Ma2bd
A* Ma k  1
2
k (k1)
P
k1
 a1 
Ma2b
P0
2
1 (k1)
r
k1
 a1 
Ma2b
r0
2
1
T
k1
 a1 
Ma2b
T0
2

Ma*  Ma

TABLE A32
One-dimensional isentropic compressible-flow functions for an ideal
gas with k  1.4
Ma

Ma*

A/A*

P/P0

r/r0

T/T0

0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
5.0

0
0.1094
0.2182
0.3257
0.4313
0.5345
0.6348
0.7318
0.8251
0.9146
1.0000
1.1583
1.2999
1.4254
1.5360
1.6330
1.7179
1.7922
1.8571
1.9140
1.9640
2.2361
2.2495


5.8218
2.9635
2.0351
1.5901
1.3398
1.1882
1.0944
1.0382
1.0089
1.0000
1.0304
1.1149
1.2502
1.4390
1.6875
2.0050
2.4031
2.8960
3.5001
4.2346
25.000

1.0000
0.9930
0.9725
0.9395
0.8956
0.8430
0.7840
0.7209
0.6560
0.5913
0.5283
0.4124
0.3142
0.2353
0.1740
0.1278
0.0935
0.0684
0.0501
0.0368
0.0272
0.0019
0

1.0000
0.9950
0.9803
0.9564
0.9243
0.8852
0.8405
0.7916
0.7400
0.6870
0.6339
0.5311
0.4374
0.3557
0.2868
0.2300
0.1841
0.1472
0.1179
0.0946
0.0760
0.0113
0

1.0000
0.9980
0.9921
0.9823
0.9690
0.9524
0.9328
0.9107
0.8865
0.8606
0.8333
0.7764
0.7184
0.6614
0.6068
0.5556
0.5081
0.4647
0.4252
0.3894
0.3571
0.1667
0

3.0
A/A*

Compressible flow functions

2.5

2.0
Ma*
1.5

1.0

T/T0

0.5

r/r*
P/P0
0
0

0.5

1.0

1.5
Ma

2.0

2.5

3.0

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

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Page 955

955
APPENDIX 1

T01  T02

TABLE A33

(k  1)Ma21  2
Ma2 
B 2kMa21  k  1

One-dimensional normal-shock functions for an ideal gas with k  1.4

P 2 1  kMa21 2kMa21  k  1


P 1 1  kMa22
k1
r 2 P 2 P 1
(k 
V1



2
r1
T2 T1
2  (k  1)Ma1 V2
1)Ma21

T2 2  Ma21(k  1)

T1 2  Ma22(k  1)
P 02 Ma1 1  Ma22(k  1) 2 (k  1)/[2(k 1)]

c
d
P 01 Ma2 1  Ma21(k  1) 2
P 02 (1  kMa21)[1  Ma22(k  1) 2]k (k1)

P1
1  kMa22

Ma1

Ma2

P2/P1

r2/r1

T2/T1

P02/P01

P02/P1

1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3.0
4.0
5.0

1.0000
0.9118
0.8422
0.7860
0.7397
0.7011
0.6684
0.6405
0.6165
0.5956
0.5774
0.5613
0.5471
0.5344
0.5231
0.5130
0.5039
0.4956
0.4882
0.4814
0.4752
0.4350
0.4152
0.3780

1.0000
1.2450
1.5133
1.8050
2.1200
2.4583
2.8200
3.2050
3.6133
4.0450
4.5000
4.9783
5.4800
6.0050
6.5533
7.1250
7.7200
8.3383
8.9800
9.6450
10.3333
18.5000
29.000

1.0000
1.1691
1.3416
1.5157
1.6897
1.8621
2.0317
2.1977
2.3592
2.5157
2.6667
2.8119
2.9512
3.0845
3.2119
3.3333
3.4490
3.5590
3.6636
3.7629
3.8571
4.5714
5.0000
6.0000

1.0000
1.0649
1.1280
1.1909
1.2547
1.3202
1.3880
1.4583
1.5316
1.6079
1.6875
1.7705
1.8569
1.9468
2.0403
2.1375
2.2383
2.3429
2.4512
2.5632
2.6790
4.0469
5.8000

1.0000
0.9989
0.9928
0.9794
0.9582
0.9298
0.8952
0.8557
0.8127
0.7674
0.7209
0.6742
0.6281
0.5833
0.5401
0.4990
0.4601
0.4236
0.3895
0.3577
0.3283
0.1388
0.0617
0

1.8929
2.1328
2.4075
2.7136
3.0492
3.4133
3.8050
4.2238
4.6695
5.1418
5.6404
6.1654
6.7165
7.2937
7.8969
8.5261
9.1813
9.8624
10.5694
11.3022
12.0610
21.0681
32.6335

5.0
P02 /P1

P2 /P1

Normal shock functions

4.0

r2 /r1

3.0
T2/T1

2.0

1.0
Ma2
P02/P01
0
1.0

1.5

2.0
Ma1

2.5

3.0

cen2932x_ch18-ap01_p907-956.qxd

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Page 956

956
PROPERTY TABLES AND CHARTS

T0
(k  1)Ma2[2  (k  1)Ma2]

T 0*
(1  kMa2)2

TABLE A34

P0
2  (k  1)Ma2 k (k1)
k1
a
b

P*0 1  kMa2
k1

Ma

T0/T 0*

P0/P 0*

T/T *

P/P *

V/V*

0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0

0.0000
0.0468
0.1736
0.3469
0.5290
0.6914
0.8189
0.9085
0.9639
0.9921
1.0000
0.9787
0.9343
0.8842
0.8363
0.7934
0.7561
0.7242
0.6970
0.6738
0.6540

1.2679
1.2591
1.2346
1.1985
1.1566
1.1141
1.0753
1.0431
1.0193
1.0049
1.0000
1.0194
1.0777
1.1756
1.3159
1.5031
1.7434
2.0451
2.4177
2.8731
3.4245

0.0000
0.0560
0.2066
0.4089
0.6151
0.7901
0.9167
0.9929
1.0255
1.0245
1.0000
0.9118
0.8054
0.7017
0.6089
0.5289
0.4611
0.4038
0.3556
0.3149
0.2803

2.4000
2.3669
2.2727
2.1314
1.9608
1.7778
1.5957
1.4235
1.2658
1.1246
1.0000
0.7958
0.6410
0.5236
0.4335
0.3636
0.3086
0.2648
0.2294
0.2004
0.1765

0.0000
0.0237
0.0909
0.1918
0.3137
0.4444
0.5745
0.6975
0.8101
0.9110
1.0000
1.1459
1.2564
1.3403
1.4046
1.4545
1.4938
1.5252
1.5505
1.5711
1.5882

1k
P

P* 1  kMa2
r* (1  k)Ma2
V


r
V*
1  kMa2

3.5
P0 /P0*
3.0

2.5
Rayleigh flow functions

Ma(1  k) 2
T
a
b
T*
1  kMa2

Rayleigh flow functions for an ideal gas with k  1.4

2.0
V/V*
1.5

1.0
T0 /T 0*
0.5

T/T *
P/P*

0
0

0.5

1.0

1.5
Ma

2.0

2.5

3.0