=
+
+
A
(i)
radians 180 / x x t =
( )
c
radians 5 / 22 180 / ) 792 ( 792 t t = =
=
= 105
12
180 7
)
12
7
(
c
t
(ii)
1 sec tan
1 sec tan
LHS
+
+
=
u u
u u
( ) u u
2 2
sec tan 1 = +
( )
1 sec tan
tan sec sec tan
2 2
+
+
=
u u
u u u u
( ) ( ) ( )
1 sec tan
tan sec tan sec sec tan
+
+ +
=
u u
u u u u u u
( ) ( )  
1 sec tan
tan sec 1 sec tan
+
+
=
u u
u u u u
u
u
u u
u
u u
cos
1 sin
cos
1
cos
sin
sec tan
+
= + = + =
..(1)
Now
( ) ( )
( ) u u
u u
u
u
sin 1 cos
sin 1 sin 1
cos
sin 1
+
=
+
( ) u u
u
sin 1 cos
sin 1
2
=
u u
u u
2 2
2 2
sin 1 cos
1 cos sin
=
= +
( ) u
u
u u
u
sin 1
cos
sin 1 cos
cos
2
=
(2)
From (1) and (2) the result follows
2
8
10
3 (i) Define continuity of a point
(ii) Test the continuity of the function f where f is defined by
( )
=
=
=
2 7
2
 2 
2
x if
x if
x
x
x f
F37 ver.1 dated 20052013Scheme of Evaluation (SoE) Page 3 of 6
A (i)
Let f be a function of a real variable defined in an open interval containing
a. Then f is continuous at a if ( ) ( ) a f x f It
a x
=
(ii)
When x < 2, x 2 is negative. So x 2 = (x 2)
( )
( )
1
2 x
2 x
x f =
=
When x > 2, x 2 is positive. So x 2 = x 2, ( ) 1
2 x
2 x
x f =
=
f(2) = 7. Thus ( )
>
=
<
=
2 1
2 7
2 1
x if
x if
x if
x f
As in the previous worked example, f is continuous for all a < 2 and all a >
2.
( ) ( ) 1 1 It x f It
2 x 2 x
= =
( ) ( ) 1 1 It x f It
2 x 2 x
= =
+ +
As ( ) ( ) ( ) x f It , x f It x f It
2 x 2 x 2 x +
= does not exist. So f is continuous at all
points except 2.
2
8
10
4
Solve
4 x y
2 x y
dx
dy
+
=
A
The given equation is
4 x y
2 x y
dx
dy
+
= [this is where
]
b
b
a
a
'
=
'
 (1)
Putting x = X + h, y = Y + k (h, k being constants)
So that dx = dX, dy = dY, (1) becomes
) 4 h k ( X Y
) 2 h k ( X Y
dX
dY
+
+ + +
= 
(2)
Put k + h 2 = 0 and k h 4 = 0,
So that, h = 1, k = 3.
Therefore (2) becomes,
X Y
X Y
dX
dY
+
= .. (3)
Which is homogeneous in X and Y.
10 10
F37 ver.1 dated 20052013Scheme of Evaluation (SoE) Page 4 of 6
Put Y = vX, then
dx
dv
X v
dX
dY
+ =
Therefore (3) becomes,
1 v
1 v
dX
dv
X v
+
= +
Or
1
2 1
1
1
2
+
=
+
=
v
v v
v
v
v
dX
dv
X
X
dX
dv
v v
v
=
+
2
2 1
1
Integrating both the sides
( )
} }
+ =
+
c
X
dX
dv
v v 2 1
v 2 2
2
1
2
Or
( ) c X log v v 2 1 log
2
1
2
+ = +
Or
c 2 X log
X
Y
X
Y 2
1 log
2
2
2
= +


.

\

+
Or log (X
2
+ 2XY Y
2
) = 2c
Or X
2
+ 2XY y
2
= e
2c
= c'
Putting X = x h = x + 1, and Y = y k = y 3, equation (4) becomes,
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) c 3 y 3 y 1 x 2 1 x
2 2
' = + + +
Which is the required solution.
5 A bag contains two red balls, three blue balls and five green balls.
Three balls are drawn at random. Find the probability that
a) the three balls are of different colours
b) two balls are of the same colour
c) all the three are of the same colour.
A Let E denote the given event..
a) We can choose one red ball in C (2, 1) ways, etc. So
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) 3 , 10 C
1 , 5 C 1 , 3 C 1 , 2 C
E P =
4
1
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
5 . 3 . 2
= =
10 10
F37 ver.1 dated 20052013Scheme of Evaluation (SoE) Page 5 of 6
b) Let E1, E2, E3 denote the events that two balls among the three are red,
blue and green respectively.
( )
( ) ( )
( ) 15
1
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
8 . 1
3 , 10 C
1 , 8 C 2 , 2 C
E P
1
= = =
Similarly
( )
( ) ( )
( ) 40
7
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
7 . 3
3 , 10 C
1 , 7 C 2 , 3 C
E P
2
= = =
( )
( ) ( )
( ) 12
5
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
5
.
2 . 1
4 . 5
3 , 10 C
1 , 5 C 2 , 5 C
E P
3
= = =
So P(E) = P(E1) + P(E2) + P(E3)
12
5
40
7
15
1
+ + =
120
50 21 8 + +
=
120
79
=
c) As there are only two red balls, the chosen three balls are of the same
colour only if they are all blue or green.
Let E1, E2 denote the events that the three balls are blue and green
respectively.
( )
( )
( ) 120
1
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
1
3 , 10 C
3 , 3 C
E P
1
= = =
( )
( )
( ) 12
1
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
3 . 2 . 1
.
2 . 1
4 . 5
3 , 10 C
3 , 5 C
E P
2
= = =
So P(E) = P(E1) + P(E2)
12
1
120
1
+ =
120
10 1+
=
120
11
=
6
Solve: 2x + 3y + 4z = 20, x + y + 2z = 9, 3x + 2y + z = 10
A
In this example,
10 2 3
9 1 1
20 3 2
1 10 3
2 9 1
4 20 2
1 2 10
2 1 9
4 3 20
1 2 3
2 1 1
4 3 2
3 2 1
= = = = A A A A
A = 2(1 4) 3 (1 6) + 4(2 3) = 5
A1 = 20(1 4) 3(9 20) + 4 (18 10) = 5
A2 = 2(9 20) 20(1 6) + 4 (10 27) = 10
A3 = 2(10 18) 3 (10 27) + 20(2 3) = 15
Hence
10 10
F37 ver.1 dated 20052013Scheme of Evaluation (SoE) Page 6 of 6
. 3 z , 2 y , 1 x
3 2 1
= = = = = =
A
A
A
A
A
A
*AAnswer
Note Please provide keywords, short answer, specific terms, and specific examples (wherever necessary)
***********