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# F-37 ver.

## 1 dated 20-05-2013-Scheme of Evaluation (SoE) Page 1 of 6

[WINTER, 2013] SCHEME OF EVALUATION

PROGRAM BCA REVISED 2012
SEMESTER I
SUBJECT CODE &
NAME
BCA 1030- BASIC MATHEMATICS
CREDIT 4
BK ID
B0947
MAX. MARKS 60

Q.No Question and Scheme of Evaluation Unit/
Page No.

Marks Total
Marks
1
(i) Let A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6} and B = {2, 4, 6, 8}. Find A B and
B A.
(ii) In a group of 50 people, 35 speak Hindi, 25 speak both English
and Hindi and all the people speak at least one of the two languages.
How many people speak only English and not Hindi ? How many
people speak English?

A

(i) We have A B = {1, 3, 5}, as the only elements of A which do not
belong to B are 1, 3 and 5. Similarly, B A = {8}.
We note that A B = B A

(ii) Let H denote the set of people speaking Hindi and E the set of people
speaking English. We are given that n(H E) = 50, n(H) = 35,
n(H E) = 25. Now
n(H E) = n(H) + n(E H).
So 50 = 35 + n(E H), i.e. , n(E H) = 15.
Thus, the number of people who speak only English but not Hindi is
15.
Also, n(H E) = n(H) + n(E) n(H E) implies
50 = 35 + n(E) 25,
which gives n(E) = 40.
Hence, the number of people who speak English is 40.

2

8

10
2
(i) Express 792 in radians and (7t/12)c in degrees

F-37 ver.1 dated 20-05-2013-Scheme of Evaluation (SoE) Page 2 of 6

(ii) Prove that
u
u
u
u
u u
u u
cos
sin 1
sin 1
cos
1 sec tan
1 sec tan +
=

=
+
+

A

(i)
radians 180 / x x t =

( )
c
radians 5 / 22 180 / ) 792 ( 792 t t = =

=

= 105
12
180 7
)
12
7
(
c
t

(ii)
1 sec tan
1 sec tan
LHS
+
+
=
u u
u u

( ) u u
2 2
sec tan 1 = +

( )
1 sec tan
tan sec sec tan
2 2
+
+
=
u u
u u u u

( ) ( ) ( )
1 sec tan
tan sec tan sec sec tan
+
+ +
=
u u
u u u u u u

( ) ( ) | |
1 sec tan
tan sec 1 sec tan
+
+
=
u u
u u u u

u
u
u u
u
u u
cos
1 sin
cos
1
cos
sin
sec tan
+
= + = + =
..(1)
Now
( ) ( )
( ) u u
u u
u
u
sin 1 cos
sin 1 sin 1
cos
sin 1

+
=
+

( ) u u
u
sin 1 cos
sin 1
2

=

u u
u u
2 2
2 2
sin 1 cos
1 cos sin
=
= +

( ) u
u
u u
u
sin 1
cos
sin 1 cos
cos
2

=
(2)
From (1) and (2) the result follows

2

8
10
3 (i) Define continuity of a point
(ii) Test the continuity of the function f where f is defined by
( )

=
=

=
2 7
2
| 2 |
2
x if
x if
x
x
x f

F-37 ver.1 dated 20-05-2013-Scheme of Evaluation (SoE) Page 3 of 6

A (i)
Let f be a function of a real variable defined in an open interval containing
a. Then f is continuous at a if ( ) ( ) a f x f It
a x
=

(ii)
When x < 2, |x 2| is negative. So |x 2| = (x 2)
( )
( )
1
2 x
2 x
x f =

=
When x > 2, |x 2| is positive. So |x 2| = x 2, ( ) 1
2 x
2 x
x f =

=
f(2) = 7. Thus ( )

>
=
<
=
2 1
2 7
2 1
x if
x if
x if
x f
As in the previous worked example, f is continuous for all a < 2 and all a >
2.
( ) ( ) 1 1 It x f It
2 x 2 x
= =

( ) ( ) 1 1 It x f It
2 x 2 x
= =
+ +

As ( ) ( ) ( ) x f It , x f It x f It
2 x 2 x 2 x +
= does not exist. So f is continuous at all
points except 2.

2

8
10
4
Solve
4 x y
2 x y
dx
dy

+
=

A
The given equation is
4 x y
2 x y
dx
dy

+
= [this is where
]
b
b
a
a
'
=
'
--------- (1)
Putting x = X + h, y = Y + k (h, k being constants)
So that dx = dX, dy = dY, (1) becomes
) 4 h k ( X Y
) 2 h k ( X Y
dX
dY
+
+ + +
= ---------
(2)
Put k + h 2 = 0 and k h 4 = 0,
So that, h = 1, k = 3.
Therefore (2) becomes,
X Y
X Y
dX
dY

+
= .. (3)
Which is homogeneous in X and Y.
10 10

F-37 ver.1 dated 20-05-2013-Scheme of Evaluation (SoE) Page 4 of 6

Put Y = vX, then
dx
dv
X v
dX
dY
+ =
Therefore (3) becomes,
1 v
1 v
dX
dv
X v

+
= +
Or
1
2 1
1
1
2

+
=

+
=
v
v v
v
v
v
dX
dv
X

X
dX
dv
v v
v
=
+

2
2 1
1

Integrating both the sides
( )
} }
+ =
+

c
X
dX
dv
v v 2 1
v 2 2
2
1
2

Or
( ) c X log v v 2 1 log
2
1
2
+ = +
Or
c 2 X log
X
Y
X
Y 2
1 log
2
2
2
= +
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
Or log (X
2
+ 2XY Y
2
) = 2c
Or X
2
+ 2XY y
2
= e
2c
= c'
Putting X = x h = x + 1, and Y = y k = y- 3, equation (4) becomes,
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) c 3 y 3 y 1 x 2 1 x
2 2
' = + + +
Which is the required solution.

5 A bag contains two red balls, three blue balls and five green balls.
Three balls are drawn at random. Find the probability that
a) the three balls are of different colours
b) two balls are of the same colour
c) all the three are of the same colour.

A Let E denote the given event..
a) We can choose one red ball in C (2, 1) ways, etc. So
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) 3 , 10 C
1 , 5 C 1 , 3 C 1 , 2 C
E P =

4
1
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
5 . 3 . 2
= =

10 10

F-37 ver.1 dated 20-05-2013-Scheme of Evaluation (SoE) Page 5 of 6

b) Let E1, E2, E3 denote the events that two balls among the three are red,
blue and green respectively.
( )
( ) ( )
( ) 15
1
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
8 . 1
3 , 10 C
1 , 8 C 2 , 2 C
E P
1
= = =
Similarly
( )
( ) ( )
( ) 40
7
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
7 . 3
3 , 10 C
1 , 7 C 2 , 3 C
E P
2
= = =
( )
( ) ( )
( ) 12
5
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
5
.
2 . 1
4 . 5
3 , 10 C
1 , 5 C 2 , 5 C
E P
3
= = =
So P(E) = P(E1) + P(E2) + P(E3)
12
5
40
7
15
1
+ + =
120
50 21 8 + +
=
120
79
=
c) As there are only two red balls, the chosen three balls are of the same
colour only if they are all blue or green.
Let E1, E2 denote the events that the three balls are blue and green
respectively.
( )
( )
( ) 120
1
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
1
3 , 10 C
3 , 3 C
E P
1
= = =
( )
( )
( ) 12
1
3 . 2 . 1 .
8 . 9 . 10
3 . 2 . 1
.
2 . 1
4 . 5
3 , 10 C
3 , 5 C
E P
2
= = =
So P(E) = P(E1) + P(E2)
12
1
120
1
+ =
120
10 1+
=
120
11
=

6
Solve: 2x + 3y + 4z = 20, x + y + 2z = 9, 3x + 2y + z = 10

A
In this example,
10 2 3
9 1 1
20 3 2
1 10 3
2 9 1
4 20 2
1 2 10
2 1 9
4 3 20
1 2 3
2 1 1
4 3 2
3 2 1
= = = = A A A A

A = 2(1 4) 3 (1 6) + 4(2 3) = 5
A1 = 20(1 4) 3(9 20) + 4 (18 10) = 5
A2 = 2(9 20) 20(1 6) + 4 (10 27) = 10
A3 = 2(10 18) 3 (10 27) + 20(2 3) = 15
Hence
10 10

F-37 ver.1 dated 20-05-2013-Scheme of Evaluation (SoE) Page 6 of 6

. 3 z , 2 y , 1 x
3 2 1
= = = = = =
A
A
A
A
A
A