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NAMA : FARIDAH BT NIKOROS

STUDENT ID : DCA01-01130010
SUBJECT : PRINCIPLES OF MANAGEMENT
LECTURE : MISS JESSIE J. SHAM
COURSE CODE : DCA 2123


























CONTENT























































INTRODUCTION


Who are Managers

A Managers is the person responsible for planning and directing the work of group of
individuals, monitoring their work, and taking corrective action when necessary. Manager
also can be defined as an individual who is in charge of a certain group of tasks, or a certain
subset of a company. The manager must be familiar with the work of all the group that he/she
supervises, but does not need to be the best in any or all areas. It is more important for the
manager to know how to manage the workers than to know how to do their work well. A
manager may have the power to hire or fire employees or to promote them. In larger
companies, a manager may only recommends such action to the next level of management.
The manager has the authority to change the work assignments of team members. There are
many management function in business and therefore, many manager titles. Regardless of
title, the manager is responsible for planning, directing, monitoring and controlling the people
and their work.

Characteristic of Manager

Each manager must have technical, human and conceptual to enable them to manage the
organization effectively. Possessed skills will enable them to make decisions more accurately
and quickly to any problems that arise. Manager must have the characteristics such as good
listener to their workers, can communicate ideas and to comunnicate effectively and
persuasively. A good manager also can communicate or interact in vertical and horizontal
well, charismatic, self-image and appearance good. A manager should have self-confidence
and endurance in facing the challanges or problems. He can act and make decisions and be
responsible for his decision. Not just that all characteristic that manager have but a manager
should be fair and considerate to all subordinate, can motivate them and works as a team.






Planning

Planning is a management process that involves selecting a mission, setting objectives and
statistic action plan to achieve it. Its also involves decision making process that make up a
plan action. Planning requires that managers be aware of environmental conditions facing
their organization and forecast future conditions.

Organizing

Organizing refers to the function of management that involves developing an organizational
structure and allocating human resources to ensure the accomplishment of objectives. The
structure of the organization is the framework within which effort is coordinated. The
structure is usually represented by an organization chart, which provides a graphic
representation of the chain of command within an organization.

Leading

Leading involves the social and informal source of influence that you use to inspire action
taken by others. If managers are affective leaders, the subordinates will be enthusiastic about
exerting effort to attain organizational objectives. Personality research and studies of job
attitudes provide important information as to how managers can most effectively lead
subordinates.

Controlling

Controlling involves ensuring that performance does not deviate from standards. controlling
consists of three steps, which include establishing performance standards, comparing actual
performance against standards, and taking corrective action when necessary. Performance
standards are often stated in monetary terms such as revenue, costs, or profits but may also be
stated in other terms, such as units produced, number of defective products, or levels of
quality or customer service.
















Name: Tan Sri Anthony Francis Fernandes CBE ( Tony Fernandes )
Date of Birth : 30 April 1964 ( 50 years)
Status : Married
Title: CEO / Director of AirAsia Berhad .
Company: AirAsia Berhad
Tun Group Sdn . Limited .
Race: a mixture of Portuguese Goa

Tan Sri Anthony Francis Fernandes was born on 30 April 1964 in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia .
He is better known as Tony Fernandes and is a well-known entrepreneur from Malaysia . He
is an ethnic mix of Portuguese Goa Malacca . Her parents are Dr. Eward Stephen Fernandes ,
and Ena Dorothy Fernandez. He is the Chief Executive Officer / Director of AirAsia Berhad
and is also the founder of Tune Group Sdn . Bhd. Before venturing into the airline industry ,
he worked as an auditor in the Virgin Airlines in 1987 . He then worked as financial
controller to Virgin Records which is a Richard Branson company in London . Tony returned
to Malaysia and became the Managing Director of Warner Music ( Malaysia ) Sdn . Limited .
In 2001 , he became director of AirAsia Berhad after acquiring them from DRB- Hicom Bhd.
What is particularly interesting about the biography 'Tony is his involvement as the prime
mover in the establishment and operation of Air Asia, the budget airline of the most
successful in Asia. The phenomenal success is often in the produce by someone who also has
a remarkable personal help in every step of the way . First of all is there interest in commerce
may be necessary to induce a person towards it . In self Tony Fernandes , he is heavily
influenced by his mother who is active in selling tupperware all over the country. For Tony,
his mother was a remarkable woman for extraordinary ability in selling goods to anyone.












Name : Sir Donald John Trump
Birth : 14 Jun 1946
Queens, New York City, United States.
Residence : Trump Tower Manhattan, New York City.
Education : Fordham University, Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.
Religion : Presbyterianism
Status : Married
Wife : Melanie Knauss
Title : Chairman and President of the Trump Organization
Chairman of Trump Plaza associates
Chairman of Trump Atlantic city Associates.

Sir Donald John Trump was born on 14 June 1946 in Queen, New York City. He is the son of
Fred Trump and his wife marry Anne Macleod. He went to school at The Kew -Forest School
in Forest Hills , Queens , but after the chaos that occurred there at the time he was 13 years
old , His parents sent him to the New York Military Academy. Trump attended school at
Fordham University for two years before he moved to the Wharton School at the University
of Pennsylvania . After he graduated in 1968 with his Bachelor of Economics , he joined his
father's real estate company. Trump began his career at his father's company, The Trump
Organization which are concentrated in the field of middle class rental housing. One of his
first projects was renovating Swifton Village apartment complex in Cincinnati, Ohio. He
became chairman and the president of the company. Trump were married 3 times, His first
wife is Ivana Zelnickova, born in 1949, Trump married her in 1977, Ivana gave birth to 3
children namely Donald Jr. on December 31, 1977, Ivanka on October 30, 1981 and January
11, 1984 Eric removable. During 1992 they divorced. The he married Marla Maples, born
1963, they married in 1993 and have one child that is Tiffany who was born on October 13,
1993. Trump proposed Melanie Knauss on 26 April 2004 and then married January 22, 2005
in Bethesda, Palm Beach, Florida. They had one child who was born on March 20, 2006.











Name : Stephen Wozniak
Profession: Hacker, Entrepreneur, Computer Scientist.
Born: August 11, 1950, San Jose, California, United States.
Zodiac: Leo
Citizenship: United States
Parents: Francis Jacob Wozniak, Margaret Louise Wozniak
Spouse: Janet Hill
Education: University of California, Berkeley (1986), Homestead High School, De Anza
College
TV Show: Dancing with the Stars

Stephen Wozniak is the founder of Apple Computer. It is regarded as a pioneer of the
computer entry into a private home life. Career 1975, Steve Wozniak was still working at
Hewlett - Packard and start helping Steve Jobs design video games for Atari. In 1976,
Wozniak quit his job at Hewlett - Packard. It began working in a family garage, he and Jobs
sought to create an alternative user-friendly personal computer. Soon after Apple set,
Wozniak created the Apple I, called "homebrew" design of most of the built in Jobs bedroom
and garage. With the knowledge of the electronic Wozniak and Jobs marketing skills, both
conducive to doing business together - the same. Wozniak created the Apple II, then as part
of the company's series of personal computers, and in 1983, Apple stock worth $ 985
million. Wozniak terminate his employment with Apple in 1987. In February 1981, Wozniak
injured when a private plane that he boarded was crushed from Santa Cruz Sky
Park. Recovery last two years, because he suffered multiple injuries and amnesia. After the
crash and subsequent recovery, Wozniak went to explore a variety of efforts, including CL 9,
the first remote control (remote control).Mentioned as one of the "most creative engineers of
Silicon Valley," in 1990 he joined the Mitchell Kapor to build the Electronic Frontier
Foundation, an organization that provides legal assistance for computer hackers face criminal
charges. Wozniak also founded Wheels of Zeus (woz) in 2001, an effort that began with the
aim of developing a wireless GPS technology. Performance Steve Wozniak was awarded the
National Medal of Technology by the President of the United States in 1985, the highest
award given to America's leading innovators. In 2000, he was appointed in the range
Inventors Hall of Fame and was awarded the prestigious Heinz Award for Technology,
Economy and Employment for his work as the first personal computer plans.