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BLOWER BALANCE FOR SMALL ASPECT RATIO

DESCRIPTION:
The equipment has been designed as an experimental unit to study
the Co-efficient of Lift and Co-efficient of Drag for different aspect ratios of the
model. The test rig essentially consists of axial blower handling the air as the
medium of flow and is driven by AC otor. The test rig has provisions for
varying the parameters! vi".! and speed! in turn flow and head. The specially
designed AC electric drive facilities the accurate calculations of input horse
power to blower.
Aspect ratio # b
$
%s & b # breadth of the model!
s # span of the model
SPECIFICATIONS:
'. (L)*+, T-.+ / a0 Axial with circular duct for 1Delivery 2 3uction0
b0 )perated at 456".
$. )T), / AC otor with thyristor speed controller 1AC Drive0
7. D,89+ / AC. type
:. +L+CT,8CAL / 3ingle ph.! $$5 9! AC supply with ;eutral and
8;.<T and +arth

PROCEDURE:-
'. =eep the model in testing area
$. 3et the model to required angle up to $5>1?0
7. 3witch on the console
:. 3witch on the blower motor and rotate the speed regulator @nob to full
speed
4. ;ote down the lift! drag 2 for "ero angle of attac@
A. ,epeat the experiment for different angle of attac@
'
;ote/ During the adBustment of angle the direction of Angle is .ositive towards
down and ;egative towards top.
DIAGRAM:
(-)
b


3 (+)
GRAPHS:
'. Angle of attac@ v%s co-efficient of lift
$. Angle of attac@ v%s co-efficient of Drag
TABLE OF READINGS AND CALCULATION(GUIDANCE ONLY):
Aspect
ratio
odel Angle of
attac@1C0
Lift
in
=g
Drag
in
=g
Coefficient
of Lift
CL
Coefficient
of Drag
CD
velocity

FORMULAE USED: *here!
L L # Lift force in =g
Coefficient of Lift CL # ----------------- D # Drag force in =g
'%$9
$
A 9 # 9elocity of air m%sec
A # Area of the model
D # Density of air
Coefficient of Drag CD # ----------------
'%$9
$
A
$
TABLE OF READINGS AND CALCULATION:
Veloc!" # $%& '() A)*ec! +,!o # -%&&. S#-%/.-
3-+T,8CAL A+,)D)8L )D 3#5.'45
Aspect
ratio
odel Angle
of
Attac@
C
C)3 C
9elocity Lift
Dorce
1D
A
0
=g
Drag
Dorce
=g
A# sEc
s#5.'4m
c#5.'m
D
T in =g
C
L
C
D
-%-001
SYMMETRIC
AL
AEROFOIL
- / $%& -%-& -%-2 -%-/.- -%0./ -%-3/ -%-0/
5.5AAF -4
5.GGA
H.$ -5.5' 5.54
5.5'45 5.A:H
-5.5'4 5.5FF
5.5AAF -'5
5.GH:
H.$ -5.57 5.54
5.5'45 5.A:5
-5.5:F 5.5FH
5.5AAF -'4
5.GA4
H.$ -5.5F 5.5H
5.5'45 5.A$H
-5.''$ 5.'$F





5.5AAF 4
5.GGA
H.$ 5.54 5.5:
5.5'45 5.A:H
5.5FF 5.5A$
5.5AAF '5
5.GH:
H.$ 5.' 5.54
5.5'45 5.A:5
5.'4A 5.5FH
5.5AAF '4
5.GA4
H.$ 5.'F 5.5G
5.5'45 5.A$H
5.$F' 5.':7







Veloc!" # $%& '() A)*ec! +,!o # -%-/- S#-%/--
3-+T,8CAL A+,)D)8L )D 3#5.'55
Aspect
ratio
odel Angle
of
Attac@
C C)3 C
9elocity Lift
Dorce
1D
A
0
=g
Drag
Dorce
=g
A# 3EC
b#5.'55m
c#5.'55m
D
T in
=g
C
L in =gf
C
D in
=gf
5.'555
3-+T
,8CAL
A+,)D)8
L
5
'
H.$ 5.57 5.5'
5.5'55 5.:57
5.5F: 5.5$4
5.'555
-4
5.GGA
H.$ -5.5' 5.57
5.5'55 5.:5$
-5.5$4 5.5F4
5.'555
-'5
5.GH:
H.$ -5.5$ 5.5:
5.5'55 5.7GF
-5.545 5.'5'
5.'555
-'4
5.GA4
H.$ -5.5: 5.54
5.5'55 5.7HG
-5.'57 5.'$H
5.'555
-$5
5.G7G
H.$ -5.54 5.5A
5.5'55 5.7FG
-5.'7$ 5.'4H
5.'555
4
5.GGA
H.$ 5.5$ 5.57
5.5'55 5.:5$
5.545 5.5F4
5.'555
'5
5.GH:
H.$ 5.5A 5.5:
5.5'55 5.7GF
5.'4' 5.'5'
5.'555
'4
5.GA4
H.$ 5.5G 5.5:
5.5'55 5.7HG
5.$7' 5.'57
5.'555
$5
5.G7G
H.$ 5.'' 5.54
5.5'55 5.7FG
5.$G5 5.'7$
GRAPHS:
7
:
SAMPLE CALCULATION /
A 9
$

Theoretical force Dt

# -------------
$
L
Coefficient of Lift CL # -----------------
D
t

L L # Actual Lift force in =g
Coefficient of Lift CL # ----------------- D #Actual Drag force in =g
'%$9
$
A

5.5$
# ----------------------------------------------- # -%-3/ 45
5.4 I '.$G I 1H.$0
$
I 5.'45 x 5.'55
*here!
9 # 9elocity of air m%sec
A #Area of the model#b x C
b # length of aerofoil ! C # Chord of the aerofoil
# Density of air # '.$G =g%m
7

D
Coefficient of Drag CD # ------------
'%$9
$
3

-%-2
# ----------------------------------------------- # -%-0/ 45
-%. I '.$G I 1H.$0
$
I 5.'45I5.'55
Aspect ratio # b
$
%s & b # breadth of the model!
# 15.'0
$
% 5.'4 s # span of the model
# -%-001
4