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* Corresponding author

ON HIGH TEMPERATURE MATERIALS - CASES


ON OXIDATION AND CORROSION OF AISI 310S
STAINLESS STEEL SHEETS PRODUCED AT
SAILS SALEM STEEL PLANT


A. KANNI RAJ
Book Author Onmi Scriptum GmbH & Co KG Germany
Professor of Cryogenics, Department of Aeronautical Engineering
PSN College of Engineering and Technology
Tirunelveli 627 152, Tamil Nadu
Cell 9486444063, Email-rajraj3550@gmail.com

RAJA JOSEPH
*

Head - Aeronautical Engineering - Indian Engineering College
PhD - Research Scholar, Department of Aeronautical Engineering
Park College of Engineering and Technology
Coimbatore -641 659, TN, India
Cell 9489692606, Email-ak1234567890r@gmail.com



ABSTRACT

AISI 310 is a super-alloy stainless steel and has many sub-grades.
Grade 310Si has comparable corrosion resistance, superior resistance to
oxidation, and good creep deformation resistance. 310H has low carbon
content is the grade of choice for high temperature applications. Grade
310L has very low carbon and offers superior oxidation and higher fatigue
strength. 310S is used in environment containing corrosive gases s in
temperature up to 1323K. Cases on oxidation and corrosion around this
temperature are considered and analyzed. Oxidation Kinetics and Hot
Corrosion phase stability diagrams have been taken into account in SAILs
steel at 973K, 1023K and 1073K.

Case 1 is oxidation problem. Weight gain as a function of exposure
time was plotted for all three test temperatures. The variation of weight gain
with time showed similar trends for all temperatures. Parabolic kinetics was
observed al all temperatures. The plot of square of weight gain against time
was linear. Similarly, the plot of weight gain versus square root of time was
also linear. Oxidation rate constant was obtained from weight gain square
root time & square weight gain time plots. The plot of rate constant
versus inverse temperature was linear. Activation energy is 209kJ/mol.
Metallography revealed that the layer formed was uniform under low
oxidation times(<20H), only one scale of long range order was noted that
was due to chromia doped with iron and manganese. After long time
(>200h), the solubility of iron in chromia increased and formed a layer of
hematite and second outer layer of inverse spinel magnetite. The second
layer is spalling short range order scale. Metallography clearly revealed
spalling scales.

Case 2 is corrosion problem. Combustion gases contain sulfur oxides
and led to hot corrosion attack. Gravimetry was not used in hot corrosion.
Instead the case was on mathematical calculation of phase stability
diagram. A plot of partial pressure of sulfur against the partial pressure
of oxygen was drawn. The diagram shows many regions (each region for
an oxide or a sulfide). If a particular coordinate defined by partial pressure
of sulfur or oxygen is known, then the region in which it lies will indicate the
phases thal will be present under such condition as that are consequences
of the pressure being of magnitude as specified. The diagram can also be
used in prediction of phases in roasting where in a converse manner in that
the pressure of gases required to effect formation of a particular product
can be predicted. Various reactions of oxidation and sulfidation were
considered to plot the diagram. Data such as reaction types, coefficient of
metal and gases in the reaction, free energy of reaction and activity of
metal were taken from literature.

Literature on oxidation and corrosion of 310S alloy is available in
corrosion behaviour. The project extends the above analysis to sheets
taken from SAILs Salem steel plant. Authors research is on combustion
process in Aircraft Gas Turbines. As combustion gas induces oxidation and
hot corrosion. This work is additionally provided here.


Keywords Stainless steel, Oxidation, Corrosion, Phase stability diagram