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PSN COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

(Autonomous)
Melathediyoor
DEPARTMENT OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING
QUESTION BANK
Branch: B.E. Aerona!tical" #ear$%EME%TER: II $ &
%!'(ect: ))*)*+, MEC-ANIC% OF MAC-INE%

PART-A
*. Di..erentiate /achine .ro/ 0tr!ct!re.
+. Di..erentiate con0trained 1ine/atic chain !ncon0trained 1ine/atic0 chain.
2. De.ine in3er0ion o. /echani0/.
&. 4rite the e5!ation .or Gr!'ler60 criterion to a 7lane /echani0/.
8. De.ine coe..icient o. .riction.
6. -o9 9ill yo! calc!late a3era:e 7re00!re in a cl!tch;
<. De.ine cree7 o. the 'elt.
=. 4hat are the di0ad3anta:e0 o. >,'elt dri3e o3er .lat 'elt dri3e;
?. De.ine la9 o. :earin:.
*). De.ine re3erted :ear train and 0tate it0 a77lication0.
11. De.ine 7re00!re an:le in ca/ 7ro.ile.
*+. Dra9 the 3elocity and acceleration dia:ra/ .or %-M. 4hat are the condition0 .or
0tatic 'alancin:;
*2. 4hat i0 'alancin:;
*&. 4hat i0 0tatic 'alance;
*8. 4hat i0 'earin:;
*@. 4hat i0 the thic1 .il/ or hydrodyna/ic l!'ricated 'earin:;
*<. De.ine !n'alanced .orce or 0ha1in: .orce.
*=. De.ine ha//er 'lo9.
*?. De.ine in,line en:ine0.
+). De.ine cycle and .re5!ency in 3i'ration.
+*. Di..erentiate lon:it!dinalA tran03er0eA and tor0ional 3i'ration0.
++. De.ine 3i0co!0 da/7in:.
+2. De.ine tran0/i00i'ility ratio or i0olation .actor.
+&. 4hat i0 a ca/;
+8. 4hat are the di..erent /otion0 o. the .ollo9er;
+@. De.ine d9ell 7eriod.
+<. 4hat are the ty7e0 o. :ear train;.
+=. 4hat i0 re3erted :ear train;
+?. De.ine cycle and .re5!ency in 3i'ration.
2). De.ine 3i0co!0 da/7in:.
2*. Mechanical ad3anta:e0 o. :ear0.
2+. 4hat i0 the aBial 7itch o. a helical :ear;
22. 4hat are the di..erent ty7e0 o. /otion 9ith 9hich a .ollo9er can /o3e;
2&. 4hat are the condition0 .or 0tatic 'alancin:;
PART,B
35. The cran1 o. a 0lider cran1 /echani0/ rotate0 cloc19i0e at a con0tant 07eed o. 2))
r7/. The cran1 i0 *8)// and the connectin: rod i0 @))// lon:. Deter/ine: C*D
linear 3elocity and acceleration o. the /id7oint o. the connectin: rodA and C+D an:!lar
3elocity and an:!lar acceleration o. the connectin: rodA at a cran1 an:le o. &8E .ro/
inner dead center 7o0ition
2@. An electric /otor dri3en 7o9er 0cre9 /o3e0 a n!t in a horiFontal 7lane a:ain0t a .orce
o. <8GN at a 07eed o. 2)) //$/in. The 0cre9 ha0 a 0in:le 05!are thread o. @//
7itch on a /a(or dia/eter o. &) //. The coe..icient o. .riction at the 0cre9 thread0 i0
).*. E0ti/ate 7o9er o. the /otor.

2<. The /ean dia/eter o. a 05!are threaded 0cre9 (ac1 i0 8)//. The 7itch o. the thread i0
*)//. The coe..icient o. .riction i0 ).*8. 4hat .orce /!0t 'e a77lied at the end o. a
).</ le3erA 9hich i0 7er7endic!lar to the lon:it!dinal aBi0 o. the 0cre9 to rai0e a load
o. +)GN and to lo9er it;
38. A 0ha.t ha0 a n!/'er o. collar0 inte:ral 9ith it. The eBternal dia/eter o. the collar0 i0
&))// and 0ha.t dia/eter i0 +8)//. I. the inten0ity o. 7re00!re i0 ).28N$05.//
C!ni.or/D and the coe..icient o. .riction i0 ).)8A e0ti/ate: C*D 7o9er a'0or'ed 9hen the
0ha.t r!n0 at *)8r7/ carryin: a load o. *8)GNH and C+D n!/'er o. collar0 re5!ired.
2?. Deter/ine the /aBi/!/A /ini/!/ and a3era:e 7re00!re in 7late cl!tch 9hen the
aBial .orce i0 &GN. The in0ide radi!0 o. the contact 0!r.ace i0 8)// and the o!t0ide
radi!0 i0 *))//. A00!/e !ni.or/ 9ear.
&). An o7en 'elt dri3e connect0 t9o 7!lley0 *.+/ and ).8/ dia/eterA on 7arallel 0ha.t &
/eter0 a7art. The /a00 o. the 'elt i0 ).? 1: 7er /eter len:th and the /aBi/!/ ten0ion
i0 not to eBceed +)))N. The coe..icient o. .riction i0 ).2. The *.+ 7!lleyA 9hich i0 the
dri3erA r!n0 at +))r7/. D!e to 0li7 on one o. 7!lley0A the 3elocity o. the dri3en 0ha.t0
i0 only &8)r7/. Calc!late the tor5!e on each o. the t9o 0ha.t0A the 7o9er tran0/ittedA
and 7o9er lo0t in .riction. 4hat i0 the e..iciency o. the dri3e;
&*. In an e7icyclic :ear trainA the internal 9heel0 A and B and co/7o!nd 9heel0 C and D
rotate inde7endently a'o!t aBi0 O. The 9heel0 E and F rotate on 7in0 .iBed to the ar/
G. E :ear0 9ith A and C and F :ear0 9ith B and D. All the 9heel0 ha3e 0a/e /od!le
and the n!/'er o. teeth are: TcI+=H TdI+@H TeIT.I*=.
C*D %1etch the arran:e/entH C+D Find the n!/'er o. teeth on A and BH C2D I. the ar/ G
/a1e0 *))r7/ cloc19i0e and A i0 .iBedA .ind the 07eed o. BH and C&D I. the ar/ G
/a1e0 *))r7/ cloc19i0e and 9heel A /a1e0 *)r7/ co!nter cloc19i0eH .ind the 07eed
o. 9heel B.
&+. A ca/ dri3e0 a .lat reci7rocatin: .ollo9er in the .ollo9in: /anner:
D!rin: .ir0t *+)E rotation o. the ca/A .ollo9er /o3e0 o!t9ard0 thro!:h a di0tance o.
+)// 9ith %-M. The .ollo9er d9ell0 d!rin: neBt 2)E o. the ca/ rotation. D!rin:
neBt *+)E o. ca/ rotationA the .ollo9er /o3e0 in9ard0 9ith %-M. The .ollo9er
d9ell0 .or neBt ?)E o. ca/ rotation. The /ini/!/ radi!0 o. the ca/ i0 +8//. Dra9
the 7ro.ile o. the ca/.
&2. A 0ha.t carrie0 .o!r /a00e0 AA BA CA and D o. /a:nit!de +))1:A 2))1:A &))1: and
+))1: re07ecti3ely and re0ol3in: at radii =)//A <)//A @)// and =)// in 7lane0
/ea0!red .ro/ A at 2))//A &))// and <))//. The an:le0 'et9een the cran10
/ea0!red anticloc19i0e are A to B &8EA B to C <)E and C to D *+)E.
The 'alancin: /a00e0 are to 'e 7laced in 7lane0 J and #. The di0tance 'et9een the
7lane0 A and J i0 *))//A 'et9een J and # i0 &))// and 'et9een # and D i0
+))//. I. the 'alancin: /a00e0 re3ol3e at a radi!0 o. *))//A .ind their /a:nit!de
and an:!lar 7o0ition0.
&&. The /ea0!re/ent0 on /echanical 3i'ratin: 0y0te/ 0ho90 that it ha0 a /a00 o. =1:
and that the 07rin:0 can 'e co/'ined to :i3e an e5!i3alent 07rin: o. 0ti..ne00
8.&N$//. I. the 3i'ratin: 0y0te/ ha0 a da0h7ot attached 9hich eBert0 a .orce o. &)N
9hen the /a00 ha0 a 3elocity o. */$0A .ind: C*D critical da/7in: coe..icientA C+D
lo:arith/ic decre/ent andA C&D ratio o. t9o con0ec!ti3e a/7lit!de0.
&8. An electric /otor dri3en 7o9er 0cre9 /o3e0 a n!t in a horiFontal 7lane a:ain0t a
.orce o. <8 1N at a 07eed o. 2)) //$/in. The 0cre9 ha0 a 0in:le 05!are thread o. @
// 7itch on a /a(or dia/eter o. &) //. The coe..icient o. .riction at the 0cre9
thread i0 ).*.eati/ate 7o9er o. the /otor.
46. The three cylinder0 o. an air co/7re00or ha3e their aBe0 o. *+) to one anotherA and
their connectin: rod0 are co!7led to a 0in:le cran1. The 0tro1e i0 *)) // and the
len:th o. each connectin: rod i0 *8) //. The /a00 o. the reci7rocatin: 7art0 7er
cylinder i0 *.8 1:. Find the /aBi/!/ 7ri/ary and 0econdary .orce0 actin: on the
.ra/e o. the co/7re00or 9hen r!nnin: at 2))) r.7./ . De0cri'e clearly a /ethod 'y
9hich 0!ch .orce /ay 'e 'alanced.
&<. A 05!are threaded 'olt o. root dia/eter ++.8 // and 7itch i0 8 // i0 ti:htened 'y
0cre9in: a n!t 9ho0e /ean dia/eter o. 'earin: 0!r.ace i0 8) //. I. coe..icient o.
.riction .or n!t and 'olt i0 ).* and .or n!t and 'earin: 0!r.ace ).*@A.ind the .orce
re5!ired at the end o. a 07anner 8)) // lon: 9hen load on the 'olt i0 *) 1n.
&=. Dra9 the 7ro.ile o. a ca/ o7eratin: a roller reci7rocatin: .ollo9er and 9ith the
.ollo9in: data:
Mini/!/ radi!0 o. ca/ I+8 //H li.tI2)//H Roller dia/eterI *8//. The ca/ li.t0
the .ollo9er .or *+)E 9ith %-MA .ollo9ed 'y a d9ell 7eriod o. 2)E. Then the .ollo9er
lo9er0 do9n d!rin: *8)Eo. ca/ rotation 9ith !ni.or/ acceleration and retardation
.ollo9ed 'y a d9ell 7eriod. I. the ca/ rotate0 at a !ni.or/ 07eed o. *8) RPM.
Calc!late the /aBi/!/ 3elocity and acceleration o. .ollo9er d!rin: the de0cent
7eriod.
&?. Dra9 the 7ro.ile o. a ca/ o7eratin: a Gni.e,ed:ed .ollo9er .ro/ the .ollo9in: data:
Follo9er to /o3e o!t9ard thro!:h &) // d!rin: @)E o. a ca/ rotationH '" Follo9er
to d9ell .or the neBt &8E c" Follo9er to ret!rn it0 ori:inal 7o0ition d!rin: neBt ?)E
d"Follo9er to d9ell .or the re0t o. ca/ rotation. The di07lace/ent o. the .ollo9er i0
to ta1e 7lace 9ith 0i/7le har/onic /otion d!rin: 'oth the o!t9ard and ret!rn 0tro1e0.
The lea0t radi!0 o. the ca/ i0 8)//. I. the ca/ rotate0 at 2)) r.7./.Deter/ine the
/aBi/!/ 3elocity and acceleration o. the .ollo9er d!rin: the o!t9ard 0tro1e and
ret!rn 0tro1e.
8). %1etch and eB7lain any one in3er0ion o. 0in:le 0lider cran1 /echani0/
8*. %1etch and eB7lain one in3er0ion o. a cran1 and roc1er /echani0/.
8+. Deri3e an eB7re00ion .or the tor5!e re5!ired to li.t a 9or1 9" 'y a 0cre9 (ac1A i0 l i0
the len:th o. the ar/.
82. Deri3e an eB7re00ion .or a len:th o. o7en 'elt dri3e and cro00 'elt dri3e.
8&. Di0c!00 the 'alancin: 7roce00 in >,en:ine0.
88. A 0ha.t o. 8)// dia/eter and +<8)// lon: ha0 a /a00 o. *<.81: 7er / len:th.
It i0 0i/7ly 0!77orted at the end0 and carrie0 2 /a00e0 **)1:A *8)1:A and <81: at
<8)//A *8))//A and +)))// re07ecti3ely .ro/ the le.t 0!77ort. Ta1in: eI+)):7aA
.ind the .re5!ency o. the tran03er0e 3i'ration0
8@. An !n1no9n /a00 o. / 1: attached to the end o. an !n1no9n 07rin: 9ith 0ti..ne00 1
ha0 a nat!ral .re5!ency o. ?8cycle0 7er /in!te. 4hen * 1: /a00 i0 added to /a00A the
nat!ral .re5!ency i0 lo9ered to << cycle0 7er /in!te. Deter/ine the !n1no9n /a00 /
and the 07rin: con0tant 1.
8<. %1etch and eB7lain Cran1 and 0lotted le3er 5!ic1 ret!rn /otion /echani0/.
8=. %1etch and eB7lain in3er0ion o. Fo!r Bar chain /echani0/.

8?. A thr!0t 0ha.t o. a 0hi7 ha0 @ collar0 o. @)) // eBternal dia/eter and 2)) //
internal dia/eter. The total thr!0t .ro/ the 7ro7eller i0 *)) GN. I. the coe..icient o.
.riction i0 ).*+ and 07eed o. the en:ine ?) r.7./.A .ind the 7o9er a'0or'ed in .riction at
the thr!0t 'loc1A a00!/in: *. Uni.or/ 7re00!reH and +. Uni.or/ 9ear.
60. A 'elt dri3e con0i0t0 o. t9o >,'elt0 in 7arallelA on :roo3ed 7!lley0 o. the 0a/e
0iFe. The an:le o. the :roo3e i0 2). The cro00, 0ectional area o. each 'elt i0 <8) //+
and K I ).*+.The den0ity o. the 'elt /aterial i0 *.+ M:$/2 and the /aBi/!/ 0a.e
0tre00 in the /aterial i0 < MPa. Calc!late the 7o9er that can 'e tran0/itted 'et9een
7!lley0 2)) // dia/eter rotatin: at *8)) r.7./. Find al0o the 0ha.t 07eed in r.7./. at
9hich the 7o9er tran0/itted 9o!ld 'e /aBi/!/
61. A 0ha.t carrie0 .o!r /a00e0 in 7arallel 7lane0 AA BA C and D in thi0 order alon: it0
len:th. The /a00e0 at B and C are *= 1: and *+.8 1: re07ecti3elyA and each ha0 an
eccentricity o. @) //. The /a00e0 at A and D ha3e an eccentricity o. =) //. The
an:le 'et9een the /a00e0 at B and C i0 *)) and that 'et9een the /a00e0 at B and A
i0 *?)A 'oth 'ein: /ea0!red in the 0a/e direction. The aBial di0tance 'et9een the
7lane0 A and B i0 *)) // and that 'et9een B and C i0 +)) //. I. the 0ha.t i0 in
co/7lete dyna/ic 'alanceA deter/ine: *. the /a:nit!de o. the /a00e0 at A and DA +.
the di0tance 'et9een 7lane0 A and DH and 2. the an:!lar 7o0ition o. the /a00 at D.
62. The reci7rocatin: /a00 7er cylinder in a @) >,t9in en:ine i0 *.8 1:. The 0tro1e and
connectin: rod len:th are *)) // and +8) // re07ecti3ely. I. the en:ine r!n0 at
+8)) r.7./.A deter/ine the /aBi/!/ and /ini/!/ 3al!e0 o. the 7ri/ary .orce0. Al0o
.ind o!t the re0!ltant 0econdary .orce.
@2. A 0ha.t *.8 / lon:A 0!77orted in .leBi'le 'earin:0 at the end0 carrie0 t9o 9heel0 each
o. 8) 1: /a00. One 9heel i0 0it!ated at the centre o. the 0ha.t and the other at a
di0tance o. 2<8 // .ro/ the centre to9ard0 le.t. The 0ha.t i0 hollo9 o. eBternal
dia/eter <8 // and internal dia/eter &) //. The den0ity o. the 0ha.t /aterial i0
<<)) 1:$/2 and it0 /od!l!0 o. ela0ticity i0 +)) GN$/+. Find the lo9e0t 9hirlin:
07eed o. the 0ha.tA ta1in: into acco!nt the /a00 o. the 0ha.t.
@&. The /ea0!re/ent on /echanical 3i'ratin: 0y0te/ 0ho9 that it ha0 a /a00 o. =1: and
that the 07rin:0 can 'e co/'ined to :i3e an e5!i3alent 07rin: o. 0ti..ne00 8.&N$//. I.
the 3i'ratin: 0y0te/ ha0 a da0h 7ot attached 9hich eBert0 a .orce o. &)NA 9hen the
/a00 ha0 a 3elocity o. */$0A .ind i" critical da/7in: coe..icientA ii" da/7in: .actorA
iii" lo:arith/ic decre/entA and i3" ratio o. t9o con0ec!ti3e a/7lit!de0.

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