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Yield stress, proof stress, toughness, Young's modulus, Hooke's law.

Hooke's Law

"Stress is proportional to strain up to the PROPORTIONAL LIMIT (1)" •

This means that any increase in stress will bring about a proportional increase in strain up to the proportional limit. •

Written mathematically, the formula of Hooke's Law is: •

is a constant. (Young's Modulus[see below]) •

is stress (Pa) •

is strain •

Young's Modulus

Young's Modulus is a measure of the stiffness of a material. •

It is also known as the Modulus of Stiffness/Elasticity •

This is the constant that is represented in Hooke's Law (see above) •

Proportional Limit

This is when an increase in stress no longer has a linear relationship with an increase in strain. •

Sometimes this is known as the elastic limit. •

Resilience

This is the ability of a material to retain its shape after being deformed. •

It can be found through the area under the curve up to the proportional limit. •

Yield Stress

This is the Stress Value at the Progressive Yield Point (3). •

This is when there is no relationship between an increase in stress and an increase in strain. •

Is a useful value as the UTS point occurs after some deformation where this only begins to deform. •

Proof Stress

An approximation for the Yield point/Elastic limit for materials that don't have a definite one due to their structure. •

To find the approximation, a tangent is produced from the Proportional Limit. The points of intersection between the graph and the tangent

defines the Proof Stress of the material.

•

The line may be moved slightly to accommodate for certain materials. •

Examples are 0.1%/0.2% Proof Stress, where the tangent is produced from a point slightly (0.001) to the right of the Proportional Limit. •

Toughness

"A material's ability to absorb energy" •

This is sometimes known as impact strength. •

This can be found by finding the Area under the ENTIRE curve. •

page revision: 2, last edited: 4 Oct 2011, 06:51 (553 days ago)

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