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Math formulas

Chemistry formulas

Math formulas for grade 11, grade 12 and under graduates.

In an x-y Cartesian coordinate system, equation

of the circle is:

(x-a)

2

+ (y-b)

2

= r

2

sin 0

°

= 0

cos 0

°

= 1 tan 0

°

= 0

sin 30

°

= 1/2 cos 30

°

= (√3)/2

tan 30

°

= 1/(√3) sin 45

°

= 1/(√2)

cos 45

°

= 1/(√2) tan 45

°

= 1

sin 60

°

= (√3)/2 cos 60

°

= 1/2

tan 60

°

= √3 sin 90

°

= 1

cos 90

°

= 0 tan 90

°

= ∞

sinq = 1/cosecq cosq = 1/secq

tanq = 1/cotq sinq/cosq = tanq

sin

2

q + cos

2

q = 1 1 + tan

2

q = sec

2

q

1 + cot

2

q = cosec

2

q sin( 90

°

- q ) = cosq

cos( 90

°

- q ) = sinq tan( 90

°

- q ) = cotq

sin( 90

°

+ q ) = cosq cos( 90

°

+ q ) = - sinq

tan( 90

°

+ q ) = - cotq sin( 180

°

- q ) = sinq

cos( 180

°

- q ) = - cosq tan( 180

°

- q ) = - tanq

sin( 180

°

+ q ) = - sinq cos( 180

°

+ q ) = - cosq

tan( 180

°

+ q ) = tanq

Pythagorean Theorem:

The square of the length of the

hypotenuse of a right triangle is equal

to the sum of the squares of the legs

a

2

= b

2

+ c

2

a,b - two sides of the triangle

connected by the right angle

c - hypotenuse of the triangle

circumference of a circle

circumference of a circle = 2 . π . r

where,

π = PI = 22/7

r = radius of circle

Area of Triangle

Area of Triangle = (1/2) . b . h

where,

h = height of triangle

b = the length of the base of triangle

Area of rectangle

Area of rectangle = l . b

where,

l = length of rectangle

b = width of rectangle

Area of circle

Area of circle = π . r

2

where,

π = PI = 22/7

r = radius of circle

Area of trapezoid

Area of trapezoid = (1/2) . (height). (base one +

base two)

Area of Ellipse

Area of Ellipse = π . r

1

. r

2

where,

r

1

= major radius

r

2

= minor radius

Area of Cylinder (surface area)

Area of Cylinder (surface area) =

2 . π . r . h

where,

r = radius of cylinder

h = length of cylinder

Area of Cone (surface area)

Area of Cone (surface area) =

π . r . l

where,

r = radius of cone

l = length of side of the cone

Volume of cylinder

Volume of cylinder = π . r

2

. h

where,

π = PI = 22/7

r = radius of cylinder

h = length of cylinder

Volume of sphere

Volume of sphere = (4/3) . π . r

3

where,

π = PI = 22/7

r = radius of sphere

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Math formulas for grade 11, grade 12 and graduates

www.allonlinefree.com

Volume of Cone

Volume of Cone = (1/3) . π . r

2

. h

where,

π = PI = 22/7

r = radius of Cone

h = height of cone

sin(-x) = -sin(x)

cosec(-x) = -cosec(x) cos(-x) = cos(x)

sec(-x) = sec(x) tan(-x) = -tan(x)

cot(-x) = -cot(x)

sin( a + b ) = sina cosb + cosa sinb

sin( a - b ) = sina cosb - cosa sinb cos( a + b ) = cosa cosb - sina sinb

cos( a - b ) = cosa cosb + sina sinb

tan( a + b ) =

(tana + tanb)

(1 - tana

tanb)

tan( a - b ) =

(tana - tanb)

(1 + tana

tanb)

sin2a = 2 sina cosa

cos2a = cos

2

a - sin

2

a = 2cos

2

a - 1 = 1 - 2sin

2

a

tan2a =

(2 tana)

(1 -

tan

2

a)

sin3a = 3sina - 4sin

3

a cos3a = 4cos

3

a - 3cosa

For any triangle ABC with side lengths a,b,c

Law of Cosines

c

2

= a

2

+ b

2

- 2 a b cos C

b

2

= c

2

+ a

2

- 2 c a cos B

a

2

= b

2

+ c

2

- 2 b c cos A

Law of Sines

sinA/a = sinB/b = sinC/c

cos θ cos β =

cos(θ - β) + cos(θ + β)

2

sin θ sin β =

cos(θ - β) - cos(θ + β)

2

sin θ cos β =

sin(θ + β) + sin(θ - β)

2

sin

3

θ =

3sin θ - sin 3θ

4

cos

3

θ =

3cos θ + cos 3θ

4

sin

3

θ . cos

3

θ =

3sin 2θ - sin 6θ

32

sin

4

θ =

3 - 4 cos 2θ + cos 4θ

8

cos

4

θ =

3 + 4 cos 2θ + cos 4θ

8

sin

4

θ . cos

4

θ =

3 - 4 cos 4θ + cos 8θ

128

sin

5

θ =

10 sin θ - 5 sin 3θ + sin 5θ

16

cos

5

θ =

10 cos θ + 5 cos 3θ + cos 5θ

16

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sin

5

θ . cos

5

θ =

10 sin 2θ - 5 sin 6θ + sin 10θ

512

Quadratic Equation

For the equation:

a x

2

+ b x + c = 0

Quadratic equation solving calculator

the value of x will be

x =

- b ± √ (b

2

- 4 a c)

2 a

(a + b)

2

= a

2

+ 2 a b + b

2

(a - b)

2

= a

2

- 2 a b + b

2

(a + b) . (a - b) = (a

2

- b

2

)

Arithmetic progression: Arithmetic

progression is a sequence of numbers

such that the difference of any two

successive members of the sequence is a

constant.

For example: Suppose a

1

, a

2

, a

3

, a

4

,

...... , a

n-1

, a

n

are in sequence of

arithmetic progression

Then the first term of an arithmetic

series is a

1

and assume that the common

difference of successive members is d,

then the n

th

term of the sequence is:

a

n

= a

1

+ (n - 1).d

The sum of all the components of an

arithmetic series is:

S

n

= a

1

+ a

2

+ a

3

+ ....... + a

n-1

+ a

n

i.e. S

n

= (n).(a

1

+ a

n

)/2

Calculator for solving arithmetic series

Geometric progression: geometric progression OR

geometric series is a sequence of numbers such

that the quotient of any two successive members

of the sequence is a constant. The ratio of two

successive number is called common ratio. The

constant ratio must not be equal to 0.

Example of geometric series :

ar

1

, ar

2

, ar

3

, . ....... ., ar

n-1

, ar

n

The n

th

term of the geometric series can be

defined as:

a

n

= a r

(n - 1)

r is called common ratio and n must be greater

than 0:

Calculator for solving geometric series

Logarithms:

log

b

1 = 0

log

b

b = 1

log

b

(X . Y) = log

b

X + log

b

Y

log

b

(X / Y) = log

b

X - log

b

Y

log

b

(X

n

) = n . log

b

X

log

m

n . log

n

m = 1

dC

= 0

dx

d(Cu)

= C

du

dx dx

d(u + v)

=

du

+

dv

dx dx dx

d(u . v)

= u

dv

+ v

du

dx dx dx

d

(

u

) =

v (du/dx) - u (dv/dx)

dx v

v

2

d

( u

n

) = n u

n-1

du

dx dx

d

( x

n

) = n x

n-1

dx

d

( C

u

) = C

u

ln(C)

du

dx dx

d

( e

u

) = e

u

du

dx dx

d( ln(u))

=

1du

dx udx

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d( sin(u))

= cos(u)

du

dx dx

d( cos(u))

= - sin(u)

du

dx dx

d( tan(u))

= sec

2

(u)

du

dx dx

d( cosec(u))

= - cosec(u) . cot(u)

du

dx dx

d( sec(u))

= sec(u) . tan(u)

du

dx dx

d( cot(u))

= - cosec

2

(u)

du

dx dx

d(sin

-1

u)

=

1 du

dx dx

d(cos

-1

u)

=

-1 du

dx dx

d(tan

-1

u)

=

1 du

dx

1 +

u

2

dx

d(cot

-1

u)

=

- 1 du

dx

1 +

u

2

dx

d(sec

-1

u)

=

1 du

dx |u| dx

d(cosec

-1

u)

=

-1 du

dx |u| dx

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