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How to Write a Bibliography

The bibliography, placed at the end of the paper, is the alphabetized list of sources and
references used to write the paper. An entry in a bibliography is meant to identify a work in full
detail, including name(s) of the author(s), full title, and place, publisher and date of publication.
This guide covers the style of a bibliography page and the format for the sources used.

Heading

The term Bibliography technically refers to all the works written on a particular subject.
The following headings for the bibliography page may be more appropriate:

Selected Bibliography if all the sources and references consulted are listed

Works Cited or References if only the sources and reference actually cited in the
paper are listed

Sources Consulted is most suitable if the list includes sources like interviews,
lectures, tape recordings, radio or television broadcasts

Format

The bibliography page is single-spaced with one blank line between entries. The first
line of the entry is flush with the left margin and any run-over lines are indented five spaces (or
tab over once). The list is organized alphabetically by author's last name; if no author is listed
then the first letter of the first word of the entry is used.

Entries

Books
Single Author

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. Title and Subtitle. Place of
Publication: Name of Publishing Agency, Date of Publication.

Prudon, Theodore H. M. Preservation of Modern Architecture. Hoboken, N.J .:
Wiley, 2008.

Two Authors

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name, and Author's First Name and Last
Name. Title and Subtitle. Place of Publication: Name of Publishing
Agency, Date of Publication.

Ambrose, J ames, and Patrick Tripeny. Simplified Design of Wood Structures.
Hoboken, N.J .: Wiley, 2009.

No Author

Title and Subtitle. Place of Publication: Name of Publishing Agency, Date of
Publication.

The Chicago Manual of Style. Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2003.

Editor as "Author"

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name, Editor (ed.), Translator (trans,) or
Compiler (comp). Title and Subtitle. Place of Publication: Name of
Publishing Agency, Date of Publication.

Rense, Paige (ed.). American Interiors : Architectural Digest Presents a Decade
of Imaginative Residential Design. New York: Viking Press, 1978.

Edition other than the First

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. Title and Subtitle. Number or Name
of edition. Place of Publication: Name of Publishing Agency, Date of
Publication.

Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and
Dissertations. 6th ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1996.


Articles
Article in a J ournal

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal
Volume Number, Issue Number (Publication Date): Page Numbers.

Haddad, Elie. "Charles J encks and the Historiography of Post-Modernism." The
Journal of Architecture 14, no. 4 (August 2009): 493-510.

Article in a Magazine

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. "Title of Article." Title of
Magazine, Publication Date, Page Numbers.

Turrentine, J eff. "Natural Sympathies, A Dramatic Dwelling Adapts to its
Coastal Setting." Architectural Digest, August 2009, 78-83.

Newspapers

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. "Title of Article." Name of the
Newspaper Publication Date, Edition of Paper, Section Number or
Letter: Page Number(s).

Steffensen, Ingrid. "The Auto as Architect's Inspiration." The New York Times 6
Aug. 2009, New York Edition: AU1.

Website

Author's Last Name, Author's First Name. "Title of Article or Title of
Page." Title of Website, Year of Publication. Organization or Group
who runs the Website. Available from http://www.website.com,
Internet; accessed Day Month Year.

Weber, Ryan. "Sentence Variaty." The Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL), 2009.
Purdue University. Available from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl
/resource/573/01/, Internet; accessed 2 September 2009.

Annotated Bibliographies

An annotated bibliography includes a brief explanation of the source with the entry. The
annotation does not need to be grammatically complete sentences, but it should begin with a
capital letter and end with a period. There should be one blank line between the source entry and
the annotation and the annotation should be indented five spaces (or tab over once).

Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. 6th ed.
Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1996.

This manual explains, with text and examples, how to cite most types of sources, in both footnote
and bibliographical form.




















References:

Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations. 6th ed. Chicago: The
University of Chicago Press, 1996.

"Writer's Handbook." The Writing Center @ The University of Wisconsin-Madison. Available from
http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/DocChicago.html; Internet.