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!

S4 Þrogramme, !une 2014















Swansea unlverslLy Sclence for
Schools Scheme (S4)

23
rd
- 27
Lh
!une 2014

Þrogramme of AcLlvlLles








#
S4 Þrogramme, !une 2014
!"#$%&'($
*+,-&.
!"#$ /0%"1"%. 2+0&%"+,
10:00-10:30 Arrlval and Welcome.
Wallace 8ulldlng, 8oom
218
10:30-12:30
CompuLer Sclence workshop:
!"#"$%&' )'%*+ ,-+" .%*/'$"01'
1echnocamps uellvery
8oom, vlvlan 1ower,
8oom 406
12:30-13:00 Lunch Wallace landlng
13:00-13:00
CompuLer Sclence workshops:
!"#"$%&' )'%*+ ,-+" .%*/'$"01'
1echnocamps uellvery
8oom, vlvlan 1ower,
8oom 406

!3$4-&.5
1lme AcLlvlLy LocaLlon
10:00 8eporL Lo Wallace 8ulldlng foyer for reglsLraLlon
10:00-12:30
Ceography workshop: .2$3 4)'$%*+
56%17$- 537*+-
Wallace 8ulldlng,
LaboraLory 213
12:30-13:00 Lunch Wallace landlng
13:00-13:00
Ceography workshop: .2$3 4)'$%*+
56%17$- 537*+-
Wallace 8ulldlng,
LaboraLory 213

6$-,$4-&.
!"#$ /0%"1"%. 2+0&%"+,
10:00 8eporL Lo Wallace 8ulldlng foyer for reglsLraLlon
10:00-12:30
Þhyslcs workshop: 8)*$%*+ 9"0
:;"<67*-$'
Wallace 8ulldlng,
LaboraLory 213
12:30-13:00 Lunch Wallace landlng
13:00-13:00
Þhyslcs workshop: 8)*$%*+ 9"0
:;"<67*-$'
Wallace 8ulldlng,
LaboraLory 213

$
S4 Þrogramme, !une 2014
!7384-&.
!"#$ /0%"1"%. 2+0&%"+,
10:00 8eporL Lo Wallace 8ulldlng foyer for reglsLraLlon
10:00-12:00
8losclence Workshop 1: =*%176
=/7<$7$%"*'
Wallace 8ulldlng, 8oom
113
12:00-13:30 Lunch Wallace landlng
13.30-14:30
8losclence Workshop 1: =*%176
=/7<$7$%"*'
Wallace 8ulldlng, 8oom
113

98"-&.5
!"#$ /0%"1"%. 2+0&%"+,
10:00 8eporL Lo Wallace 8ulldlng foyer for reglsLraLlon
10:00-12:00
Ceography workshop: >76-' >0--'
>-66? 7 /72 "* /-*/0"&6%17$"6"+2
Wallace 8ulldlng, 8oom
213 / SlngleLon Campus
and surroundlng areas
12:30-13:00 Lunch Wallace landlng
13:00-14:30
Ceography workshop: >76-' >0--'
>-66? 7 /72 "* /-*/0"&6%17$"6"+2
Wallace 8ulldlng, Lab
213
14:30-13:00
Awards and Þrlzes. Þrlzes wlll be
awarded ln Lhree caLegorles based on
academlc performance and
parLlclpaLlon.
Wallace 8ulldlng, Lab
213


*please noLe LhaL for sLudenLs who have already compleLed our LasLer days ln blosclence and
geography and are concerned abouL repeaLlng any acLlvlLles, Lhere wlll be addlLlonal lab-based
acLlvlLles offered as parL of our CllmaLe Change and Anlmal AdapLaLlons days and repeLlLlon wlll be
mlnlmal.



%
S4 Þrogramme, !une 2014
:+#;3%$8 <0"$,0$ =+8>47+;? *+,-&.@ 2ABC *",-4%+8#4

/0%"1"%. 2$&-$8@ <%$=&8% D+=$((

uescrlpLlon: 1hls workshop wlll allow Lhe sLudenLs Lo geL hands-on experlence, ln programmlng Lhe
LLCC MlndsLorms klLs Lo compleLe cerLaln Lasks.

Learnlng ob[ecLlves: An overvlew of roboLlcs, programmlng and problem solvlng.

Llnks Lo Lhe A Level syllabus: CompuLlng, programmlng and developlng programmlng-based
soluLlons Lo problems.

/0%"1"%"$4@
! AcLlvlLy 1: SLudenLs wlll sLarL by geLLlng an lnslghL lnLo roboLlcs hardware Lhrough bulldlng
and comparlng LLCC nx1 klLs and Ardulno klLs.
! AcLlvlLy 2: SLudenLs wlll geL an lnslghL lnLo programmlng and roboLlcs by compleLlng
programmlng-based challenges on Androld LableLs.
! AcLlvlLy 3: Þrogrammlng challenge(s) uslng LLCC nx1 klLs and Androld LableLs.
! AcLlvlLy 4: SubsLanLlal challenge ln whlch sLudenLs wlll work ln Leams Lo develop and
program a soluLlon ln 8oboLC. (Pelp wlll be provlded Lo avold synLax errors!)

/44$44#$,%@
AcLlvlLles 2, 3 and 4 wlll have a compeLlLlve elemenL!
! AcLlvlLy 2: 1here wlll be Lwo Lo Lhree levels aL whlch sLudenLs wlll be challenged Lo develop
an efflclenL soluLlon Lo Lhe problem presenLed.
! AcLlvlLy 3: 1he person who creaLes Lhe mosL efflclenL or fasLesL soluLlon Lo Lhe problem.
! AcLlvlLy 4: 1he group who manages Lo develop and presenL Lhe besL soluLlon Lo Lhe problem.

!"#$%&'($@
! 10:00 - lnLroducLlon and Pousekeeplng/SafeLy brleflng
! 10:10 - AcLlvlLy 1
! 12:30 - Lunch
! 13:00 - AcLlvlLy 2
! 13:30 - AcLlvlLy 3
! 14:30 unLll end - AcLlvlLy 4

&
S4 Þrogramme, !une 2014
B$+E8&;7. =+8>47+;? !3$4-&.@ *.%7F'34%",E 0("#&%$ 07&,E$

/0%"1"%. 2$&-$8@ G8 *&8. B&E$,

uescrlpLlon: A hands-on, experlmenL-based workshop explorlng how Lhe greenhouse effecL works,
and why lL exlsLs.

Learnlng ob[ecLlves: 1o explore Lhe sclenLlflc basls for undersLandlng cllmaLe change and how Lhe
greenhouse effecL can be demonsLraLed experlmenLally.

Llnks Lo Lhe A Level syllabus: 8elevanL Lo boLh Lhe Ceography and Ceology syllabl.

H&0>E8+3,- ",I+8#&%"+,@
Much of whaL ls wrlLLen abouL cllmaLe change ls hoL alr and nonsense. 1he popular press lurches
beLween alarmlsm and complacency and ofLen falls Lo separaLe sclence from propaganda. 1hls
workshop wlll focus on Lhe sclenLlflc basls for cllmaLe change.
We wlll explore Lhe Lhree facLors LhaL really conLrol Lhe LemperaLure of Lhe LarLh's surface.
uslng hands-on experlmenLs we wlll explore how Lhe greenhouse effecL works, and why lL exlsLs.

/44$44#$,%@
! SLudenLs wlll be assessed on Lhelr experlmenLal skllls and lnLerpreLaLlve ablllLles.

'
S4 Þrogramme, !une 2014
D7.4"04 =+8>47+;? 6$-,$4-&.@ J3,%",E I+8 AK+;(&,$%4 +, A&8%7

/0%"1"%. 2$&-$8@ G8 6"(( H8.&,

uescrlpLlon: 1he sLaLe-of-Lhe-arL ln LxoplaneL observaLlon wlll be explored Lhrough
experlmenLaLlon and demonsLraLlon. 1hls workshop expands on elemenLs of Lhe Ceography and
CompuLer Sclence workshops, and examlnes how manklnd ls searchlng for llfe on oLher planeLs.

Learnlng ob[ecLlves: 1o undersLand how measurlng small varlaLlons ln llghL glves lnformaLlon abouL
remoLe sysLems. 1hls ls relevanL Lo asLronomlcal observaLlons wlLh Lelescopes such as Lhe kepler
Space 1elescope. 1hrough bulldlng a model of a sLar and orblLlng planeL, sLudenLs wlll lnvesLlgaLe
clrcular moLlon, learn how real planeLs move, and Lhe experlmenLal challenges faclng asLronomers.

Llnks Lo Lhe A Level syllabus: Þhyslcs and MaLhemaLlcs: (Mechanlcs and Laws of MoLlon, Waves,
ulffracLlon, CravlLaLlon and AsLrophyslcs, ÞracLlcal Skllls, Clrcular moLlon and SPM).

H&0>E8+3,- ",I+8#&%"+,@
! An exLrasolar planeL or exoplaneL ls a planeL orblLlng a sLar oLher Lhan our Sun. 1here are
many solar sysLems oLher Lhan ours, and many planeLs ln Lhe galaxy LhaL may be hablLable.
1hls could Lell us a greaL deal abouL how Lhe LarLh and oLher local planeLs developed.
! 1he observaLlon of planeLs wlLh llquld waLer and gaseous oxygen ralses huge quesLlons
abouL wheLher Lhere ls oLher llfe ln Lhe galaxy and Lhe unlverse.
! 1hese quesLlons are belng addressed now, and Lhe key Lo explorlng Lhe unlverse ls Lhe
lnsLrumenLs used Lo observe lL.
! AsLronomers have predlcLed Lhe exlsLence of exoplaneLs for many cenLurles, buL we have
only recenLly been able Lo make accuraLe enough measuremenLs of sLars Lo prove Lhey have
planeLs orblLlng Lhem.
! ln Lhls workshop, we wlll explore Lhe 1ranslL MeLhod, by whlch a senslLlve deLecLor ls
polnLed aL a dlsLanL sLar, and small dlps ln Lhe llghL lnLenslLy lndlcaLe Lhe presence of a
planeL.

/0%"1"%"$4@
! AcLlvlLy 1: lnLroducLory Lalk and demonsLraLlon.
! AcLlvlLy 2: uslng MlndsLorms nx1 klLs for senslng and moLlon conLrol.
! AcLlvlLy 3: 8ulldlng a 'Lelescope' and measurlng llghL levels.
! AcLlvlLy 4: 8ulldlng ln orblLal moLlon and observlng exoplaneL LranslLs uslng daLalogglng.
! AcLlvlLy 3: Comparlson of our model wlLh currenL observaLlons and dlscusslon of wheLher we
have found oLher LarLhs.

/44$44#$,%@
! 1he performance of Lhe groups wlll be monlLored LhroughouL Lhe acLlvlLles, and dlscusslons,
demonsLraLlons and small-group lnLeracLlon wlll be used Lo gulde Lhe sLudenLs.
! 1hose who make rapld progress wlll be encouraged Lo push Lhe performance of Lhelr model
Lowards Lhose expecLed wlLh currenL observaLlons.

(
S4 Þrogramme, !une 2014
H"+40"$,0$ =+8>47+;? !7384-&.@ /,"#&( /-&;%&%"+,4

/0%"1"%. 2$&-$8@ G8 A- D+;$

uescrlpLlon: ln Lhls workshop, sLudenLs wlll learn abouL Lhe adapLaLlons LhaL help anlmals Lo
survlve ln dlfferenL aquaLlc envlronmenLs.

Learnlng ob[ecLlves: 1o undersLand Lhe funcLlons of anlmal adapLaLlons, and Lo dlsLlngulsh beLween
behavloural and physlologlcal adapLaLlons.

Llnks Lo Lhe A Level syllabus: W!LC, 8lodlverslLy and Þhyslology of 8ody SysLems.

H&0>E8+3,- ",I+8#&%"+,@
! AdapLaLlons help organlsms Lo survlve ln Lhelr ecologlcal nlche or hablLaL.
! AdapLaLlons can be anaLomlcal, behavloural or physlologlcal.
! AnaLomlcal adapLaLlons are physlcal feaLures such as an anlmal's shape.
! 8ehavloural adapLaLlons can be lnherlLed or learnL and lnclude Lool use, language and
swarmlng behavlour.
! Þhyslologlcal adapLaLlons lnclude general funcLlons such as LemperaLure regulaLlon, as well
as more speclflc ablllLles, such as synLhesls of venom

/0%"1"%"$4@
! AcLlvlLy 1: lnLroducLory Lalk.
! AcLlvlLy 2: ulssecLlon and anaLomlcal lnvesLlgaLlon of mackerel and oLher flsh.
! AcLlvlLy 3: AdapLaLlons Lo llfe ln a rock pool. 1anks conLalnlng lnLerLldal anlmals wlll be
avallable for sLudenL Lo lnvesLlgaLe. SLudenLs wlll be encouraged Lo handle Lhe anlmals and
descrlbe how Lhey are adapLed Lo llvlng ln a dynamlc envlronmenL.

/44$44#$,%@
! SLudenLs wlll creaLe approprlaLe drawlngs and noLes descrlblng and explalnlng Lhe relevanL
exLernal and lnLernal feaLures LhaL consLlLuLe adapLaLlons Lo Lhe mackerels' llfesLyle (exLra
credlL wlll be awarded for Lhe $K;(&,&%"+, +I %7$ I3,0%"+, of Lhe adapLaLlons found).

)
S4 Þrogramme, !une 2014
A,1"8+,#$,%&( <0"$,0$ =+8>47+;? 98"-&.@ *+,-. */--. *-,,? & -&. +I
G$,-8+0("#&%+(+E.

/0%"1"%. 2$&-$84@ G8 *&8. B&E$,

uescrlpLlon: uendrocllmaLology ls Lhe sLudy of cllmaLe lnformaLlon sLored ln Lhe annual rlngs of
Lrees.

Learnlng ob[ecLlves: 1o undersLand Lhe lmporLance of dendrocllmaLology Lo cllmaLe change
sclence. 1o undersLand how annual Lree rlng growLh produces a naLural archlve of lnformaLlon on
pasL cllmaLe.

Llnks Lo Lhe A Level syllabus: 8elevanL Lo Lhe Ceography, Ceology and 8lology syllabl.

H&0>E8+3,- ",I+8#&%"+,@
! ÞalaeocllmaLe lnformaLlon (lnformaLlon on pasL changes ln cllmaLe) ls a vlLal componenL of
cllmaLe change sclence.
! We wlll sLudy how lnformaLlon abouL pasL cllmaLe changes, warm years and cool years, ls
sLored ln Lhe varlaLlons ln Lhe wldLh of annual rlngs produced by Lrees, and how Lhls
lnformaLlon glves us clues as Lo how our planeL's cllmaLe has changed ln Lhe pasL, and how lL
ls llkely Lo change ln Lhe fuLure.

/0%"1"%"$4@
! We wlll sLarL Lhe day wlLh a shorL lecLure on Lree rlng sclence and Lhe blology of annual Lree-
rlng growLh.
! We wlll sample Lree rlngs from a llvlng conlfer Lree uslng an lncremenL borer. 1hls sampllng
wlll Lake place on campus
! ln Lhe afLernoon we wlll measure Lhe Lree rlng wldLh varlablllLy ln some exlsLlng Lree rlng
samples and see how Lhe paLLerns ln wldLh varlaLlon are relaLed Lo Lhe cllmaLe ln Lhe year
Lhe rlng was formed.

/44$44#$,%@
! AssessmenL wlll be on Lhe basls of correcLly compleLed worksheeLs.
! 1he ablllLy Lo effecLlvely use Lhe lncremenL borer wlll also be assessed.