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RABIES

Rabies is a preventable viral disease of mammals most often transmitted through the bite of a
rabid animal. The vast majority of rabies cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC) each year occur in wild animals lie raccoons! suns! bats! and fo"es.
The rabies virus infects the central nervous system! ultimately causing disease in the brain and
death. The early symptoms of rabies in people are similar to that of many other illnesses!
including fever! headache! and general weaness or discomfort. #s the disease progresses! more
specific symptoms appear and may include insomnia! an"iety! confusion! slight or partial
paralysis! e"citation! hallucinations! agitation! hypersalivation (increase in saliva)! difficulty
swallowing! and hydrophobia (fear of water). Death usually occurs within days of the onset of
these symptoms.
Di $ruguay telah dionfirmasi pada tanggal %& maret %'() terjadi wabah rabies yang telah
tersebar luas dan memaan banya orban. *abah pertama terjadi di daerah Cerro +argo!
,ierras de #cegu-! ,eccional ./! C0RR1 +#R21 pada tanggal . maret %'(). 3eriut adalah
data hewan yang terserang rabies berdasaran data 140 per ( april %'()

3erdasaran artiel 140! wabah ini berasal dari onta hewan% yang tertular dengan alam liar
(hewan alam liar) yang telah terjangit rabies sebelumnya! telah dietahui bahwa uruguay
merupaan sebuah negara esil di #, yang memilii beberapa sungai besar dan sediitnya satu
lagoon yang notabene banya dihuni hewan% liar seperti
. #dapun pendapat dari beberapa epidemiologis mengenai wabah rabies ini 51n . 6arch! a
private veterinarian was informed of the presence of animals with neurological signs in a
livestoc farm in Cerro +argo! .th police section! ,ierras de #cegu-. 4n this farm two animals
had died with neurological signs. ,amples were taen and sent to the official laboratory and the
diagnosis of rabies was confirmed. 1n %) 6arch! the 1fficial 7eterinary ,ervices were informed
of two other farms with animals with neurological signs in the same police section. 4n one of
them! there were (& cattle affected and in the other & cattle and a sheep. ,amples were sent to the
official laboratory and the diagnosis of rabies was confirmed. The 1fficial 7eterinary ,ervices
are identifying all susceptible population in a %.8m buffer 9one (history of bites! of animal with
neurological signs) as well as shelters of vampire bats colonies. The 6inistry of Public :ealth
conducted pre8 and post8 e"posure treatment in people in contact with animals (field worers!
laboratory staff and official veterinarians). The ;oonosis Committee wored in the outbreas and
around them vaccinating pets (dogs and cats).<