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Volume • 64 No.

September • October 2002

OTF 2002 Conference
& Show Schedule
See pages 8–9

Broadleaf Weed Control

See pages 18–22

OSU Department of
Natural Resources
See pages 28–30

Don’t Miss an
Keynote Address
by Archie Griffin.
September • October 2002

TurfNews distributes useful and timely advice,

America’s Premier
information and research from Ohio’s most Turfgrass Event
knowledgeable experts and professionals to
OTF members and those in the turfgrass industry.
Vol. 64 • No. 5 • 2002
TurfNews is produced by the Ohio Turfgrass Foundation,
PO Box 3388, Zanesville, Ohio 43702–3388,
1–888–OTF–3445 and is available to all members.
Message From The
OTF Calendar of Events 2002 2002 OTF President . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Highlights: OTF Turfgrass
OTF Annual Golf Tournament Research Field Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–5
October 3, 2002
City of Blue Ash Golf Course, Cincinnati, Ohio
OTF News and 2002
2002 OTF Conference & Show Conference & Show Program . . . . . 6–9
December 9–12, 2002
Greater Columbus Convention Center, Columbus, Ohio
2002 Conference & Show
Related Events: Registration Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Ohio Compost Association 2002 Conference
and Annual Meeting—Compost Utilization Sports Turf Tips
November 6, 2002
Fisher Auditorium/OARDC
The Big 10?
1680 Madison Avenue No...The Big 3! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12–14
Wooster, OH 44691
Karrie Imbrogno
HortShorts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16–17
New Growth and Technology
Ohio Lawn Care Association
Annual Meeting/Breakfast Broadleaf Weed Control . . . . . . . . 18–22
December 11, 2002
Columbus Convention Center
800-510-5296 Member Spotlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Ohio Sports Turf Managers Association
New Growth and Technology
Annual Meeting/Breakfast
December 11, 2002 Putting Green Root Zones. . . . . 24–27
Columbus Convention Center
740-452-4541 Department Spotlight
School of Natural Resources . . . 28–30
For more information or to register for OTF events, please contact
the OTF office at 888-683-3445 or visit
OSPA Summer Field Day . . . . . . . . 31
OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 2
Message From
The President

“The world hates

change, yet it is the
only thing that has
brought progress.”
Charles Kettering,
American Inventor
The Motz Group’s
new artificial turf
system, 24/7 at
Mariemont High
School in Cincinnati.

Change Brings Progress

We are fortunate to be in an industry that is Rather the decision allowed us to exploit our position
in the industry and further expand our sphere of
built upon equal parts science, aesthetics and innova-
tion, and value the ideal that one of those factors opportunities.
cannot not exist without the other two. Achievement Henry Ford once said that: “Thinking always
is often a result of our willingness to adapt to new ahead, thinking always of trying to do more, brings a
findings, new customer demands and new techniques state of mind in which nothing is impossible. The
and tools. moment one gets into the ‘expert’ state of mind a
The number and diversity of innovations we have great number of things become impossible.” If you
witnessed over time throughout the green industries are finding yourself comfortably existing with the old
have almost completely reinvented our profession, “tried and true” methods and tools, remember that
and certainly have affected every specialty area within openness to new ideas and adaptation to new
it. An example that hits home for me is The Motz developments have enabled many turfgrass
Group’s recent introduction of a rubber-infilled professionals to thrive.
artificial turf for sports and recreation surfaces, that Stay plugged into OTF for the latest findings in the
we have brand-named “24/7.” green industries. This December’s OTF Conference
As a global provider of high performance natural and Show will be your next perfect opportunity to see
turf systems, the decision to add unnatural surfaces to research in action and to discuss with your colleagues
our product portfolio was made with some reticence how they are applying new ideas to their businesses
(joining the enemy!) and only after careful evaluation and profitably expanding their client base.
of the competing technology and the potential
market. In the end, however, adapting this new tech- Mark Heinlein
nology did not mean abandoning our core business.
2002 OTF President

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 3

475 Turf Professionals
Turn Out for Turfgrass
Research Field Day
beautiful, sunny day in the mid-eighties • Grub control update
welcomed 475 turfgrass professionals for the • Foliar feeding
2002 Ohio State University/OTF Turfgrass • OSU shade culture studies
Research Field Day, August 14 at the OTF Research & • Moss control and wetting agents
Education Facility. After welcoming comments from • Postemergence annual grassy weed control
OTF President Mark Heinlein, Associate Chair of the • Dollar spot fertility research
OSU Department of Plant Pathology, Dr. Stephen • Brown patch and dollar spot fungicide trials
Nameth, thanked everyone for supporting OSU’s Turf • Dollar spot management on fairways/
Program, making it one of the premiere programs in research update
the country. Next, OSU Landscape Entomologist, Dr. • Rust management on lawns and athletic fields
David Shetlar, explained the day’s format and divided • Take-all patch, research update on detection
the group into Golf Course and Sports/Lawn/ and management
Grounds tours. • Fertility research on Kentucky bluegrass
Each group then spent time visiting different and creeping bentgrass
research plots to learn about the latest research being • Turf water use in high sand content putting greens
conducted at OSU. Topics covered included: • Effects of athletic field stabilizers on Kentucky
bluegrass playing quality
• Use of Vermicompost as a turfgrass fertilizer
• Recycled products as root zones for sports turf

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 4

The OSU Turfgrass Science Team did an excellent
job preparing this year’s program and turfgrass
research facility. The team consists of members of the
OSU Department of Plant Pathology, Entomology,
School of Natural Resources, and Horticulture &
Crop Science.

Thank you to everyone who attended, and

for those whose hard work helped make the
Field Day a success. The 2003 Field Day is
tentatively scheduled for August 13. For
information, contact the OTF office at
888-683-3445 or visit the OTF website at

Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 5

OTF News
OTF Golf Tournament Call For Nominations
October 3–The City of All OTF members will receive forms in the mail for
nominating this year’s recipients of “Professional of
Blue Ash Golf Course, the Year” and “Professional Excellence” awards.
Nominees for “Professional of the Year” awards are
Cincinnati judged on the following attributes:
• Fellowship—willingness to share knowledge with
If you have not yet signed up for the annual golf and help train fellow turf personnel.
tournament on October 3 at The City of Blue Ash—time • Inventive Ingenuity—leadership in developing new
is running out. ideas and trends in turfgrass management.
The OTF Annual Golf Tournament is an important • Membership and activity in turf related and other
fundraising activity for OTF. Money raised from the tour- civic organizations.
nament will help support turfgrass research and provide • Length of dedicated service to the turf industry
scholarships for students in Ohio’s turfgrass programs.
All members are encouraged to play and/or sponsor. Professional Excellence awards are based upon
Participating in the golf tournament is a great way to similar criteria, and are awarded to those deserving
reward your staff, thank your customers, or unwind from special recognition for significant contributions to the
a challenging season. Several contests with lots of great turfgrass industry. Awards and scholarships will be pre-
prizes will be offered. A good time is guaranteed for all! sented at the Annual Awards Banquet, December 11,
Please note that this year’s golf tournament is on a at the Ohio Turfgrass Conference & Show.
Thursday—rather than the usual Monday. The goal is to Hank Chafin, one of OTF’s many distinguished
accommodate OTF members who typically are unable to Past Presidents, received the Professional of the Year
attend on Mondays. Award in 2001. Professional Excellence Awards were
Registration information was mailed in August to all presented to Dr. Karl Danneberger, OSU; and Robert
OTF members and was also included in membership Figurella, Superintendent, Brookside Country Club.
packets. A registration form may also be found on the Bob O’Brien of Century Equipment, and 1971 OTF
OTF website at Sign up now as President, was awarded an Honorary Lifetime
space is limited to the first 144 golfers. Call 888-683-3445 Membership Award.
for more information. Do you know anyone who deserves recognition for
contributions to turf management?
Watch your mail for details, or contact Kevin
Thompson at 888-683-3445, ext. 3151, before October
14, to request a nomination form.
2002 OTF Scholarship
Applications Accepted
OTF is committed to improving turfgrass
through research and education. One of the
best ways to foster this commitment is by
providing scholarships to students pursuing
green industry studies. In 2001, OTF and
OTRT provided over $25,000 in scholarships.
OTF members are asked to recommend
any of their student employees, friends, or
family who they feel would be qualified. An
application was recently mailed to all OTF
members. The deadline to apply for a schol-
arship is October 14. OTF scholarship infor-
mation and applications are also available
on the OTF website at

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 6

Hotel Accommodations OTRT Auction
Planning on an overnight stay during the 2002 The final plans for another great Ohio Turfgrass
Ohio Turfgrass Conference & Show? If so, you’ll Conference and Show are being completed. Be sure
want to plan ahead and reserve your hotel rooms to mark down Wednesday of the show for a fun filled
early. Many hotels will be sold out due to expected night. The fun begins after the exhibits are closed and
high attendance. we learn who is the big winner of the Reverse Raffle.
Following is a list of hotels offering special rates We expect the Reverse Raffle winning number to be
for OTF participants. To make accommodations, worth a $1,000.00, or more. The Silent Auction is
please contact the hotel directly and mention that returning this year. You can place your bids all day
you are attending the Ohio Turfgrass Conference and the winners will be announced during the festivi-
& Show. ties. Of course the big event is the Live Auction with
an array of turf products, golf items, and sports mem-
Hyatt Regency Columbus
orabilia. The fun continues when we enjoy the fellow-
(Headquarters Hotel)
ship and entertainment at the banquet. Don’t miss it.
350 N High St Every year more people and companies are con-
Columbus OH 43215 tributing to the auctions. Getting items for the auction
614-463-1234 is becoming a year round project. Many of you are
$112 + tax Single—Double finding sellable items around your homes and work
$132 + tax Triple place and are keeping them for our auction. What do
$142 + tax Quad you have that will sell? Call Kevin Thompson, OTF
Reservation cut-off date: November 18, 2002 Executive Director, and tell him what you are donat-
Crowne Plaza Hotel ing. If it’s small, bring it to the auction. Kevin can also
help if you have a big item to donate and need help
33 East Nationwide Blvd getting it to the auction. Or you can send a photo.
Columbus OH 43215 What do you have that is a sellable item? Here are
614-461-4100 some of the items that have sold in the past -Tickets to
$115 + tax Single—Double OSU Football and Basketball games. Cleveland
$125 + tax Triple Indians and Cincinnati Reds tickets. Hockey and
$135 + tax Quad Soccer tickets. Concerts, golf outings, and fishing
Reservation cut-off date: November 18, 2002 trips. Seed , fertilizer, sand, mowers, hand tools, and
Red Roof Inn Columbus Downtown turf equipment. Turf control products. Autographs,
pictures of golfers, ball players and other famous peo-
111 Nationwide Blvd
ple. Books, old turf publications and antique items.
Columbus OH 43215
Golf clothing, balls, and clubs. You name it and we
can sell it.
$89 + tax Single—Quad
There will be a limited amount of Reverse Raffle
Reservation cut-off date: November 25, 2002
tickets available so watch for the sellers as they walk
Hampton Inn & Suites down the aisles. Don’t forget to bring some extra
501 North High St bucks for the auctions. We will also take your check
Columbus OH 43215 and credit cards.
614-559-2000 Donations to the auction are to the Ohio Turfgrass
$105 + tax Single Research Trust, the tax-exempt, charitable, fund rais-
$112 + tax Double—Quad ing arm of the Ohio Turfgrass Foundation. Therefore,
Reservation cut-off date: November 11, 2002 your donation may be 100% deductible as a charitable
(refer to Code OT2 when making reservations) contribution.

Complete details of the 2002 Ohio See you at the Show.

Turfgrass Conference & Show, December
9–12, Columbus, OH will be mailed in Gene Probasco, Auction Chair
October, and may be found on the OTF
website at

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 7

America’s Premier
Turfgrass Event
December 9–12, 2002
2002 Ohio Turfgrass Conference & Show Preview
Following is a brief listing of educational sessions to be offered this year:

Monday, December 9, 2002 Foliar Feeding: Correlated Confusion Clarified
Dr. Bob Carrow, The University of Georgia
GCSAA Workshop (WS-2)
Bunker Preparation
Tournament Preparation Jon Scott, Professional Golf Association
John Miller, Yankee Trace
Jon Scott, Professional Golf Association Influence and Management of Organic Matter
Dynamics on Creeping Bentgrass Greens Performance
Pesticide Technology Workshops (WS-1) Dr. Bob Carrow, The University of Georgia
Herbicides—Modes of Action & Use Strategies Navigating the Internet
Dr. David Gardner, The Ohio State University Kregg Kish, Double Eagle Club
Insecticides—Modes of Action & Use Strategies Dollar Spot Management Panel
Dr. Chris Williamson, University of Wisconsin Moderator: Dr. Karl Danneberger, The Ohio State University
Bob Brame, USGA Green Section
Fungicides—Modes of Action and Use Strategies Dr. Randy Kane, Chicago District Golf
Dr. Randy Kane, Chicago District Golf Joe Rimelspach, The Ohio State University
Basic Principles Workshop
Basic Principles of Soil Testing & Landscape Management
Development of Fertility Programs Pesticide Runoff In The Urban Landscape
Dr. Tony Koski, Colorado State University Dr. Chris Williamson, University of Wisconsin
Sports Turf Workshops (WS-4) Ecosystem Approaches to Pest Management
Dr. Parwinder Grewal, The Ohio State University/OARDC
Baseball Field Maintenance
David Mellor, Boston Red Sox Practical Approaches to Improving
New and Existing Landscape Soils
The Art & Science of Athletic Field Presentation Joe Boggs, The Ohio State University Extension
David Mellor, Boston Red Sox
Common Sense Approaches to Reducing
Advanced Soil/Plant Testing Workshop (WS-3) Costs in Landscape Management
Jim Chatfield, The Ohio State University Extension
Understanding Soil, Plant and Water
Quality Testing Information Professional Lawn & Grounds
Dr. Bob Carrow, The University of Georgia
Catch My Drift—I Hope Not!
Kerry Richards, Penn State University
Tuesday, December 10, 2002 The Friday Afternoon Spill
Dr. Fred Whitford, Purdue University
General Session New and Existing Herbicides
Pesticide Exposure: Now You See It, Now You Don’t for Broadleaf Weed Control
Kerry Richards, Penn State University Dr. Fred Yelverton, North Carolina State University
Practical Safety Tips to Protect Your Business
General Session Dr. Fred Whitford, Purdue University
Keynote Presentation
Archie Griffin, The Ohio State University Sports Turf
Installing and Managing a Modular System
—What’s Different & What’s Not?
Eric Adkins, Michigan State University

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 8

Crumb Rubber Topdressing Research & Preemergence and Postemergence
Sports Turf Research Review Strategies for Annual Grassy Weed Control
Dr. Trey Rogers, Michigan State University Dr. Fred Yelverton, North Carolina State University
Enhancing the Stability of Sand-Based Potential Uses of Biostimulants in Agronomic Programs
Rootzones and Defining Infill Systems Marc Mayer, TruGreen Chemlawn
Dr. Andy McNitt, Penn State University Dr. Ben Hamza, TruGreen ChemLawn
Sports Turf Maintenance—Work Smarter Not Harder Alternatives to OP’s and Carbamates
Dr. Tony Koski, Colorado State University Dr. Chris Williamson, The University of Wisconsin
Emergency Repairs Panel
Sports Turf
Moderator: Phil Williams, The College of Wooster
Eric Adkins, Michigan State University Morning with the MLB/MLS/NFL
Tom Burns, Texas Rangers Tom Burns, Texas Rangers
Darian Daily, Columbus Crew Stadium Darian Daily, Columbus Crew Stadium
Dr. Tony Koski, Colorado State University Steve Wightman, QualComm Stadium
Boyd Montgomery, Sylvania Recreation Paul Zwaska, Beacon Ballfields
John Mott, The Ohio State University
Pamela Sherratt, The Ohio State University Athletic Field Drainage—The Underlying Key to Success
Dr. Andy McNitt, Penn State University

Wednesday, December 11, 2002 Infield Dirt Maintenance

Tom Burns, Texas Rangers
Fertilization Strategies for Native Soil Fields
Golf Dr. Tony Koski, Colorado State University
Morning with the USGA The Art & Science of Athletic Field Renovation
Bob Brame, USGA Green Section Dr. Jim McAfee, Texas A & M University
Plant Growth Regulators for Annual Bluegrass
Mechanics Workshop
Dr. Randy Kane, Chicago District Golf
Oils, Solvents, Fluids, Grease; Electrical Troubleshooting; Grinding;
Prevention & Control of Moss on Greens
Equipment Replacement/Repair; Supplies and Where to Get Them
Dr. Tony Koski, Colorado State University
Innovative Management of Cutworms on Putting Greens
Dr. Chris Williamson, University of Wisconsin
Maximizing the Science for the Right
Topdressing Program Development
Thursday, December 12, 2002
Dr. Andy McNitt, Penn State University Golf
Annual Bluegrass Control—Fact or Fiction OSU Research Highlights—Correlated Confusion Clarified
Dr. Fred Yelverton, North Carolina State University OSU Turf Team

Landscape Management Leasing vs. Buying, Wetting Agents,

Maintaining Natural Areas, and Turf Tips
The Latest Technology in Ornamental
Moderator: Todd Voss, Double Eagle Club
Insect Management
Bob Brame, USGA Green Section
Dan Herms, The Ohio State University/OARDC
Dr. Karl Danneberger, The Ohio State University
Termite Baiting Stations Frank Dobie, The Sharon Golf Club
Dr. Susan Jones, The Ohio State University Ted Hunker, Tartan Fields Golf Club
Making Wise Decisions in Ornamental Joseph Kosoglov, Wolf Run Golf Club
Weed Management Dean Massmann, Jefferson Golf & Country Club
Dr. Hannah Mathers, The Ohio State University Troy Murray, PFG Golf

Over the Counter Products Landscape Management

—What’s In The Bottle
Dr. David Shetlar, The Ohio State University Aquatic Weed Management
Jim Schmidt, Applied Biochemists
Lawn Care Business Non-Crop Weed Control
ODA Legislation Randy Zondag, The Ohio State University Extension
Jim Betts, Betts & Associates, Inc. Perimeter Pest Control
Finding, Training, and Keeping Good Employees Dr. David Shetlar, The Ohio State University
Don Willig, International Management & Trade Consultants
Professional Lawn & Grounds
Software Update Non-Target Effects of Meridian
Dave Boulter, Real Green Systems Dr. David Shetlar, The Ohio State University
Dick Deering, SNG Equipment
Maris Frank, Practical Solutions Turfgrass Mathematics & Calibration Workshop
Dr. Chuck Darrah, CLC Labs
What Is Your Company Worth? Debi Holdren, The Ohio State University
Ed Wantke, Wantke & Associates
Selling Techniques Sports Turf
Don Nichols, Yes Marketing, Inc. Improved Soil Mixtures for Athletic Fields
Dr. Chuck Darrah, CLC Labs
Professional Lawn & Grounds
Irrigation Equipment Alternatives, Budget
Turf & Grassy Weed ID and Control and Performance System Enhancement
Dr. David Gardner, The Ohio State University Dr. Jim McAfee, Texas A & M University
Doug Hague, Lawn Classics
Turfgrass Selection for Athletic Fields
Turf & Grassy Weed ID Contest! —Agronomics Versus Reality
Dr. David Gardner, The Ohio State University Dr. David Gardner, The Ohio State University
Doug Hague, Lawn Classics
Session topics, speakers, and dates are
subject to change without notification.

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 9

2002 Ohio Turfgrass Conference and Sho w Advance Registration Form
December 9-12, 2002 • Greater Columbus Convention Center This form must be received b y
November 22,2002.Mail or fax to:
400 N High St., Columbus,Ohio PO Box 3388 • Zanesville OH USA 43702-3388
Headquarters Hotel • Hyatt Regency Columbus • (614) 463-1234 or Fax to:(740) 452-2552
Phone:(888) 683-3445

Advance Registration: Registration must be received by mail or fax by November 22,2002 to receive the discounted advance rates.
On-Site Registration: After November 22,2002 registration will be handled on-site. On-site fees will be an additional $10 per person.
Group Rates: Three or more individuals from the same organization may register at one flat group rate (limit five;$25 each additional person).To take advantage of this option,all registrants must:
1) be employed by the same company;2) be current OTFmembers;3) pre-register using this form.
All registrants must be registered at the same time. If registering more than five individuals from your organization,please list additional names on attached letterhead.

1 Company Information (please print)

Company Name Member ID #

Street Address or PO Box City State ZIP+4

I understand Management reserves the right to contact me by the e-mail address above.
Telephone Fax E-Mail

2 OTF Membership
I am not cur rently a 2003 OTF member, but I wish to join:
3 Related Memberships
Members of the Ohio Lawn Care Association (OLCA),
❑ Student-$10 ❑ Individual-$80 ❑ Organizational-$160 Ohio Sod Producers Association (OSPA), and
❑ Affiliate Organizational Member-$30 ❑ Faculty-Complimentary Ohio Sports Turf Managers Association (OSTMA) receive the discounted
Organizational members ONLY may receive member rates for employees. OTF Registration rates. Yes,I am a member of:
Amount Due $___________ ❑ OLCA ❑ OSPA ❑ OSTMA

4 Primary Business Categor y (please check one only)

❑ Golf-G ❑ Sod Producer-SP ❑ Nursery/Landscape-N ❑ Lawn Care-L ❑ Supplier-S

❑ Faculty/Student-F ❑ Parks/Municipal-P ❑ Athletic Fields-AF ❑ Other-O _________________________

5 Pre Conference Conference

Conference & Sho w Monda y

Sho w
1-Da y
P ass
2-Da y
P ass
3-Da y
P ass
P acka ge
If registering for a Monday workshop, please use workshop code.
*Students/Faculty must provide a copy of ID with registration. Members Onl y Members Members Members 1 day-$175 Spouse
List name as you want it to appear on badge. $50 $60 $110 $150 2 day-$320
3 day-$425 No Charg e $25
Non-Members FREE Non-Members Non-Members Non-Members
P articipant Information – List Names $75 $80 $130 $170

Workshop Code q 1-day ❑ Student ❑ Yes

q 2-day ❑ F aculty ❑ No
1 _______________ q 3-day ❑ Spouse # Attending ____

(primary contact)
Workshop Code q 1-day ❑ Student ❑ Yes
q 2-day ❑ Faculty ❑ No
# Attending ____
2 _______________ q 3-day ❑ Spouse

Workshop Code
q 1-day ❑ Student ❑ Yes
q 2-day ❑ F aculty ❑ No
3 _______________ q 3-day ❑ Spouse # Attending ____

Workshop Code q 1-day ❑ Student ❑ Yes

q 2-day ❑ F aculty ❑ No

4 _______________ q 3-day ❑ Spouse # Attending ____

Workshop Code q 1-day ❑ Student ❑ Yes

q 2-day ❑ Faculty ❑ No

5 _______________ q 3-day ❑ Spouse # Attending ____

6 Method of Payment (payment due at time of order):

❑ Check ❑ Cashier’s Check/Money Order ❑ Amer. Express ❑ Discover ❑ MasterCard ❑ VISA
(Make checks payable to Ohio Turfgrass Foundation) $
Credit Card # __________________________________________________________________________________
Exp. Date______________________________________Amt. to be charged $____________________________ ❑ Check here if you will need special services.
(Please enclose a letter with details of your needs.)
Cardholder’s Name (Print)________________________________________________________________________
Authorized Signature ___________________________________________________________________________
A $25 fee will be charged for returned checks. All payments in U.S. funds drawn on U.S. banks.

Terms and Conditions

Refunds will be available by written request onl y. Any changes to registration or cancellations prior to the Show are subject to a $25 processing fee . 50% refunds will be available if received in writing b y
November 6. After No vember 6,no refunds will be made . Payment is for admission to the Show and/or classes only. Refunds will not be issued based on perceived quality of the class or Event.I confirm that all information and
credentials provided herein are true and accurate and I agree to all Show policies and regulations. I hereby release Ohio Turfgrass Conference and Show, Offinger Management Co.,sponsors,its officers,agents and employees from any and
all liability, claims,lawsuits,damages,losses,costs,and expenses of any kind which arise out of or result from my attendance at the Ohio Turfgrass Conference and Show, whether or not foreseeable, including without limitation,personal
injuries to me or my invitees. With my attendance at this Event,I realize that I and/or my products may be included in publicity photos. I hereby give my consent to the Event’s producers to use in future promotional materials any such
photos and/or comments.

7 Signatur e ONLY
Event Code: A06202

___________________________________________________________________________Date _____________________________ Ck #______________________Ackd________________________
2002 OTF Trade Show Update
Every turf maintenance product and service imaginable will be on display at the trade show.
This is a great chance to preview the latest the industry has to offer.
New this year will be the “Innovation Station,” a new product display area that will allow
exhibitors to feature recently released products, or products scheduled for release in 2003.
The Innovation Station will be located in the registration area.
To add your name to this impressive list of industry leaders, call OTF at 888-683-3445.

2002 OTF Exhibitor list

Following is a listing of companies already reserving exhibit space at the
2002 Ohio Turfgrass Conference & Show: (as of August 30, 2002)

Absolute Innovations Engage Agro Corp. Lawn & Landscape Media Group Reliable Golf Course Supplies
Acorn Farms Equipment Specialists Lebanon Turf Products Riverdale/A Nufarm Co.
Advanced Turf Solutions Fafard Leemco River Valley Solutions
Advanstar Landscape Group Fairmount Minerals (Best Sand) Lesco, Inc. Safety Storage, Inc.
Ag-Renu Finn Corp. Mainline of North America The Scotts Co.
Agro Chem, Inc. First Products, Inc. Manderley Turfgrass The Seed Center
Allegheny Lawn & Golf Products Floratine Products Mar-Co Clay Products, Inc. Seed Research of Oregon
Alvis Materials Flowtronex PSI Markers, Inc. Seeds Ohio, LLC
Americalist/Div. of Haines & Co. Foley United Mid-Ohio Golf Car SGD Golf
Anderson Instrument & Supply Co. From Tee To Green, Ltd. Milliken Turf Products Shemin Nurseries, Inc.
The Andersons Garick Corp. Monsanto Signetics
Applied Biochemists Glenmac, Inc. Morral Companies Simplot Partners
Aqua Aid Golf Course News Naiad Co. Sipcam Agro USA
Aquatrols Golfweek’s Superintendent National Mower/Turfco SISCO
Arkion Life Sciences News/TurfNet Nature Safe SISIS, Inc.
AT Plastics, Inc. Graham Lawn Equipment, Inc. Neary Technologies Smithco, Inc.
Aventis/Chipco Prof. Products Great Lakes Golf Nu-Gro Technologies, Inc. Southern Green, Inc.
BASF Corp. Green Media Nutraganics Spectrum Technologies
Barenbrug Green Mountain Int’l., Inc. Nutramax Laboratories, Inc. Spraying Devices, Inc.
Bayco Golf, Inc. Green Velvet Sod Farms Oglebay Norton STS SQM North America Corp.
Bayer Corp. Griffin L.L.C. Ohio Earth Food, Inc. Standard Golf Co.
Becker Underwood, Inc. Grigg Bros. Ohio Lawn Care Association Steiner-Brouwer Turf Equip.
BioSafe Systems Grounds Maintenance Magazine Ohio State University ATI Steinke Tractor Sales
Brookside Labs GTO Int’l. Ohio Utilities Protection Serv. Stoney Creek, Inc.
C & S Turf Care Equip., Inc. H & E Sod Nursery OSTMA Strategic Turf Systems, Inc.
Central Ohio GCSA Haifa NutriTech, Inc. Otterbine Barebo, Inc. Sustane Natural Fertilizer
Century Equipment HARCO Fittings Pace, Inc. Syngenta Professional Products
The CISCO Companies Heftee Industries Par Aide Products Co. T-Sign Designs
Clark State Community College Helena Chemical Co. PBI-Gordon Corp. TAS Industries
CLC LABS HH & J Ents., Inc. Perfco Printing Textron
The Clear Solution Hotsy Equipment Perma-Green Supreme TriState Turf Mgmt., Inc.
Cleary Chemical Co. Howard Johnson Enterpises Pinhigh Compound Turbo Technologies, Inc.
Club Car Huggett Sod Farm, Inc. Power Equipment Dist., Inc. Turf Products
Commercial Tire Svc. Co., Inc. Imants USA Practical Solutions Turfgrass
Compensation Consultants, Inc. Irrigation & Green Industry Precision Laboratories, Inc. Ty-Crop Mfg. Ltd.
Compost Facility - Com-Til IVI-Golf Profile Products LLC Tyler Enterprises
Corbin’s Baled Pine Straw, Inc. J. Davis Marking Systems Progressive Turf Equip., Inc. Uncommon USA
Cub Cadet Commercial Jacklin Seed ProSol United Horticultural Supply
Davey Tree Farm JD Landscapes ProSource One Ventrac By Venture Products, Inc.
Deep Roots Aerification Svc. JRM, Inc. PSB Co. Div. of White Castle Walker Supply, Inc.
Dixie Chopper Joe Ferment Chevy R&R Products, Inc. Watertronics, Inc.
Dow AgroSciences KE of Tenn. (Kincaid Ents.) R.W. Sidley, Inc. Weed Man
E.E. Johnson Knox Fertilizer Co. Raden Enterprises Wheel Spray
Eagle One Golf Products Kubota Tractor Corp. Real Green Systems Wilcox Hotsy Equipment Co.
EarthWorks Lanphear Supply Reel Turf Equipment Ltd. Wolf Creek Co.
Easy Lawn Ohio Valley Larry Dismore Associates Reelcraft Industries Xenia Power Equipment
Eco-Logics LASTEC Regal Chemical Co.
EHOVE-Ghrist Adult Career Ctr. Lavy Enterprises

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 11

Sports Turf Tips
The Big 10?
No...The Big 3!
Dr. John R. Street and Pamela J. Sherratt
The Ohio State University • Department of Horticulture & Crop Science

It is increasing clear to the green team at OSU that dressing. Cores can be removed by hand, by brush, or
athletic field managers throughout the state have very by core-harvester. Their removal gives the opportunity
limited resources available to them to care for their to ameliorate the rootzone with a more desirable mate-
fields. Our recommendations for the care of athletic rial, such as sand. The logistical problems involved with
fields are based upon scientific research findings that their removal and the cost of an alternative material
we like to pass on to the industry. We do, however, can be too much for some ground’s keepers budgets.
appreciate that many field managers do not have the The practical solution, where necessary, is to overseed,
budget or the manpower to do everything. With that in mix the cores with the seed, and drag-mat or brush
mind, we will focus on the big 3 that can make the most them back in.
difference to the field’s performance in 2003...Coring, Intensity of coring—Coring several times per year is
Late Season Fertilization (LSF), and Over-seeding. a standard on most athletic fields. More heavily traf-
ficked fields will usually require more frequent coring
FALL CORING or more intense coring during a cultivation event.
Multiple passes in several directions are usually
When? A major window of opportunity for core culti-
vation is in the late fall after the playing season is over. required with each coring event to affect a meaningful
Coring should be performed at least several times over amount of surface area. Table 1 provides the amount of
the field (2-4) with passes of 6-8 times preferable for surface area impacted by the tine size and tine spacing.
heavily trafficked, compacted fields and where the A general rule is to produce no less than 12-15 core
coring process will be the dominant cultivation holes per square foot of turf. Where intensive coring is
technique for seedbed preparation. Core cultivation is required due to heavy compaction or where coring will
best accomplished when the soil is relatively moist but be used as the principle cultivation method for over-
not wet. Cultivation will cause additional compaction seeding, 45-50 holes per square foot is a more desirable
to wet soils. target (i.e. core holes at 2"x 2" centers)

Core removal—The reincorporating of cores on the Cultivation equipment—There is still little reliable
field is usually based on time and cost. Core return is a research data on the comparative performance of
good idea on most fields since it becomes a form of top- equipment designed to relieve compaction. It is clear

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 12

Table 1: Spacing and Tine Size
Effect from Coring
Tine Size 2X2 4X4 4X6 6X8
Spacing %

_inch 1.2 0.3 0.2 0.1

3/8 inch 2.8 0.7 0.5 0.2

_inch 4.9 1.2 0.8 0.4

_inch 11.0 2.8 1.8 0.9

1 inch 19.6 4.9 3.3 1.6

Values represent a percentage of total area covered.

that a solid or spiking tine is of little benefit to relieve • Better fall and winter color
compaction, although they do have a contributory effect • Earlier spring green-up
on surface water infiltration and aeration. In essence, to • Increased shoot density
relieve compaction the soil must be physically displaced to • Improved fall, winter, and spring root growth
create fracturing so that the same mass of soil occupies a • Enhanced storage of energy reserves
greater volume (e.g. verti-draining), or the soil must be (carbohydrates) within the turf plant
removed so that a smaller mass of soil occupies the same Timing—The timing of LSF should be made
field volume (e.g. hollow coring). when vertical shoot growth has stopped, but the
The conventional method of hollow-core aeration at turf leaves are still green. Vertical shoot growth of
variable depths would still appear to be the groundskeep- cool season grasses will generally slow and stop at
er’s favorite technique, but there has been an influx of daily air temperatures of 40-45°F. A properly timed
equipment such as the verti-drain, pressure injection, deep LSF will extend the “greening” time of the turf
drillers, and vibrating sub-soilers on the market in recent longer into the late fall and early winter without
years. Heavy soils may benefit from deep cultivation with additional top growth. The green leaves remain
equipment that has a soil -shattering kick action, such photosynthetically active producing carbohydrates.
as a verti-drain. This carbohydrate will be more efficiently used to
support root, rhizome, and stolon growth during
LATE SEASON FERTILIZATION (LSF) the late fall and winter period. LSF also assists in
building food reserves for the following season. It
This type of fertility program involves the application of
much of the season’s nitrogen during the late season is critical that the nitrogen be applied prior to
months of September through December. It is important dormancy for maximum efficiency of applied
that LSF not be confused with dormant and/or winter fer- nitrogen. Poor timing is a common LSF mistake.
tilization. The latter method implies that fertilizer applica- Once the leaf tissue has turned brown, photosyn-
tions are made after the turf has lost most or all of its green thesis will no longer occur. Remember—“late-sea-
color and is not actively growing. This differs notably from son” fertilization is not dormant fertilization.
the late season concept, which requires that nitrogen be Fertilizer rate & type—In addition to timing,
applied before the turf loses its green color in the late fall. fertilizer rate and fertilizer type is critical to suc-
LSF is popular because many of the agronomic and aes- cessful LSF. The most efficient nitrogen fertilizers
thetic advantages attributed to its use supposedly are not for LSF are those independent of temperature for
realized when spring and/or summer fertilization are nitrogen release. Soil temperatures and microbial
practiced. Purported advantages of the late season concept activity are low at this time of year, resulting in less
include: efficiency from strong WIN methylene ureas, nat-

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 13

ural organics, polymer-coated urea fertilizers and Some thoughts on seeding...
other temperature-dependant fertilizers. • Little & often! Professional fields look so good
Urea, more water-soluble methylene ureas, IBDU, because they throw seed at them all season long.
and SCU are less dependant on temperature for Many field managers will apply seed prior to a
nitrogen release and, therefore, make excellent LSF game so that players will stomp the seed in to the
nitrogen sources. soil.
Nitrogen rates should be in the range of • Concentrate efforts on those parts of the field that
1 - 11/2 pounds of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square have lost grass cover during the playing season.
feet. Higher rates typically provide a better LSF Seeding into an already populated, dense sward is
response in the late fall and a better carryover not an efficient use of money.
response into late winter/early spring. For cool season • Make a good quality seedbed by “roughing up” the
grasses, nitrogen is the key nutrient for the LSF soil surface prior to seeding
response with standard maintenance fertilizer ratios • Seed in 2 directions to get maximum coverage,
being acceptable. Proper rate and nitrogen source will preferably from corner to corner (diagonally)
result in significant carryover of nitrogen for early • Key species in the Midwest are Kentucky bluegrass,
spring green-up the following season. The standard perennial ryegrass, or tall fescue. Species selection
spring fertilization rate can typically be reduced to should be based on budget, field quality, and time
one half or less, or eliminated, thus avoiding a spring for establishment.
fertilization flush. Don’t couple LSF with traditional • Consider using a mulch product (such as straw) to
spring nitrogen fertilization rates. This defeats the prevent soil erosion & keep moisture locked in.
purpose of the LSF strategy. • Water consistently & with utmost care to achieve a
seedbed that is moist but not wet.
OVERSEEDING • The bottom line—seed will not germinate &
establish without moisture.
Late summer and early fall (15th August to 15th
September) are the best times to seed so that the grass
is well established before winter. During this time, soil We hope that you have found STT informa-
moisture and temperature conditions are optimal for tive. Our aim is to provide you with articles
germination and establishment. There is also less on athletic field related subjects. If you have
competition from germinating weeds in the fall. Fall any questions, or would like to suggest subject
seeding will ensure turfgrasses are well rooted and matter for future tips, please contact us:
more drought & heat tolerant the following summer.
If time constraints mean that fall seeding is not
possible, dormant seeding applications (late fall or Dr. John R. Street
early winter) can be made when soil temperatures are
too low to allow grass seed to germinate. The seed will
germinate in the spring when warm temperatures Pam J. Sherratt
(50°F) return. The dormant seeding can be done at
the end of the playing season and coupled with coring
& LSF.

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 14

America in Bloom
Pamela Sherratt & Alex Pearl

America in Bloom is modeled after Canada’s successful

Communities in Bloom, which began eight years ago with just 29 cities
and has grown to include several hundred competing provincially, nationally
and internationally. AIB began on a small scale in 2001 when four U.S. cities
were mentored by four Canadian winning cities. Judges appraise
community efforts in eight categories, including turf and ground covers.

America in Bloom’s Objectives are:

1. To improve the visual appeal of America’s neigh- This year professionally trained volunteers visited
borhoods, parks, open spaces and streets through and evaluated 38 communities in 7 population cate-
the imaginative use of flowers, plants and trees. gories. From the smallest of Lavona, GA (pop. 2,000)
2. To encourage involvement and coordinated to the largest Chicago, IL (pop. 3,000,000). In their
action by citizens of all ages, municipal govern- travels they witness the same community spirit that has
ments, local organizations and businesses. made Canada’s program so successful. In speaking
3. To emphasize environmental awareness and with participants, “I find a new found enthusiasm for
preservation of heritage and culture as key parts their neighbors and the community they live in,” says
of the program. Alex Pearl, AIB chief judge. “Municipalities, businesses
and citizens are willing to pitch in. Little efforts go a
Turf & Ground Cover Category: This includes long way to include so many people. America in
the efforts made by municipal, corporate (including Bloom, while in its infancy, is building pride through
all forms of local businesses) and private citizens. It the use of plants.” Ohio was well represented by the
includes the quality of naturalization, the use of following cities: Silverton, Amelia, Middlefield,
ground covers and wild flowers, turf management Burton, Willoughby, Bay Village, Barbeton, Sandusky
(manicured to rough), maintenance (mowing and Akron. This represented 4 of the 7 population cat-
height/frequency, Integrated Pest Management egories.
(IPM), fertilization programs, irrigation, water restric- The results of this first edition will be revealed at
tions). Areas include private homes, public buildings, the America in Bloom awards symposium, Oct. 10-12
municipal and private sports fields and athletic parks. in Reston, VA. In addition to the awards banquet,
After only one full year in existence as a national there will be educational seminars for public parks
beautification program, America in Bloom has attract- and grounds superintendents and community minded
ed the attention of the horticultural industry. “This is gardeners.
truly the first initiative that everyone involved with For more information about America in Bloom
horticultural related pursuits can participate in, from and to find out how your community can become
the smallest service person to the largest retailer”, says involved contact 614-487-1117 or visit www.americain-
Ron Pierre, America in Bloom President. “It is nation-
al in scope yet the real impact comes from the local
grassroots efforts.”

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 15

By Jim Chatfield
Ohio State University Extension • Nursery Landscape and Turf Team

Horticulturist, Cleanse Thyself

rom The Lorax to Botanical Latin, books are part of D. ...destroy the chlorophyll-bearing cells at the sur-
the art and science of horticulture. Books are not the face of the needle or scale of the conifer...This results
end-all and be-all, though they are of course literally in a flecking, stippling, or bleaching of the affected
made from plants. Naturally, there is more to learning than dry summer weather often causes a
books. I will agree with the words of Shakespeare in As You marked cessation in their activities.”
Like It, that “These trees shall be my books.” I will agree with St.
Bernard who in his 12th century Epistles said: “You will find
something more in woods than in books. Trees and stones will teach
you that which you can never learn from masters.” Answers:
Yet I cite these above quotes, after all, from books. “A” is the cottony maple scale, Pulvinaria innumer -
Milton said: “In those vernal seasons of the year, when the air is abilis. I used to think that this scale only occurred on
calm and pleasant, it were an injury and sullenness against Nature maple species, but it was this insect book that first
not to go out, and see her riches, and partake in her rejoicing with taught me otherwise.
heaven and earth.” He also said, “As good almost as kill a man
as kill a good book: who kills a man kills a reasonable creature, “B” is describing the over 800 species of gall insects
God’s image; but he who destroys a good book kills reason that occur on oaks alone, ascribing to the infinite
itself....[Books} preserve as in a vial the purest efficacy and extrac - variety of nature. Few oak gall insects cause signifi-
tion of that living intellect that bred them....A good book is the pre - cant injury to the tree, though several that induce
cious lifeblood of a master spirit...” Finally, Milton said: “While oaks to produce galls on stems are damaging, such as
there is much desire to learn, there of necessity will be much arguing, gouty oak gall and horned oak gall. Craig Rutt, who
much writing, many opinions; for opinion in good men is but works with Ken Cochran at OSU’s Secrest Arboretum
knowledge in the making.” pointed out something fascinating to me the other
day from a book titled “Fresh Cuts: Arrangements
So, without further ado—below are just three of my with Flowers, Leaves, Buds and Branches” (Edwina
favorite books, highlighted with questions about their con- von Gal and John M. Hall). One of the pictures
tent. They are sure to whet your horticultural curiosity and depicted the use of—oak galls in a decorative
to help make you a true practitioner of modern culture— mode: as a cut stem.
horticulture, that is.
“C” is of course our friend, the gypsy moth. I had
1. What insects are described below and what not known until researching this article that the ever-
busy Linnaeus first assigned the Latin binomial for
book is being quoted?
this insect as he did for countless other animals and
A. “One of the largest and most conspicuous of the plants.
many scale insects that attack ornamental trees in the
United States...the favored host of this insect is “D” is a description of spider mites on conifers. Our
maple...-but it also occurs on a wide most common foe in Ohio is the spruce spider mite, creeper....sycamore... Oligonychus ununguis (try to say that real fast, even late spring the characteristic once), and as the quote above suggests, it and other
white egg sac of the female is evident...” mites are cool season spring-early summer and late
summer-fall pests as opposed to other common mites
B. “Wherever oaks occur, they are attacked by a such as the 2-spotted spider mites which instead
group of small insects called gall makers. These breeds like crazy and causes most damage in hotter
insects cause deformities, known as galls, of various conditions.
shapes, sizes, and coors on leaves, twigs, bark, flowers,
buds, acorns, and even roots of the trees...The major- The name of this indispensable book
ity of gall makers that attack oak are wasps, but in
some cases flies are responsible.” (complete with thousands of pictures)?
C. Lymantria dispar (Linnaeus)...Probably no pest of Insects That Feed on Trees and Shrubs by
trees has received more publicity or cost more to con- Warren T. Johnson and Howard H. Lyon

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 16

2. What book would have this kind of information? 3. Where would you find this information?
A.The Usnea genus of lichens (the 79 species of A. “Poison Ivy is the best known and most widespread
beard lichens) produce usnic acid, used for herbal of a group of related species including Poison Oak
medicines throughout the world (though they can and Poison Sumac, all containing...urushiol...All parts
also be highly allergenic). Extracts are used in of the plant—roots, stems, flowers and fruits - are
deodorants as antibacterials. Some species are used potentially irritating, and even the pollen, smoke
to produce dyes, some to brew beer. And animals put from burning the plant, or clothing and tools com-
them to use as well, as a foodstuff by deer and as nest- ing in contact with the plant, can produce symp-
ing material for certain western U.S. birds. toms.”
B. Lichens, which are mutually beneficial dual organ- [Believe it or not, urushiol is also found in the fleshy
isms composed of certain fungi and species of either arils surrounding ginkgo seeds and those who har-
algae or cyanobacteria, also have their own set of vest and handle them sometimes break out in poison
pathogens that upon them prey. For example, the ivy-like rashes].
fungus Illosporium carneum is a common parasite of B. “All parts of Yews, except the fleshy red aril
lichens such as Peltigera didactyla. around the seed, contain significant amounts of tax-
C. The Latin binomial for a lichen is simply the ine, a complex mixture of alkaloids absorbed rapidly
name of the fungal symbiont in the dual organism. by the human digestive system and acting on the
I had always wondered about this, since Latin bino- heart.”
mials are assigned to each organism on Earth: from [Ironically, many mistakenly think the fleshy red
human beings (Homo sapiens) to red maples (Acer aril is the only poisonous part of yews, rather than
rubrum), from the apple scab fungus (Venturia inae - the converse. It is still not a great idea to eat the
qualis) to gypsy moths (Lymantria dispar). So—how arils, since they do have seeds (which are poisonous)
could you have a two-part Latin name (binomial) for inside.
a dual organism? The protocol chosen—to simply
use the name of the fungus is somewhat inelegant, in C. “Eating only a few berries [of mistletoe] may cause
my view, and I shall probably not sleep tonight! abdominal pain and diarrhea, but ingesting large
quantities of the berries, or drinking tea made from
D. A quote from W.F. Ganong: “...the lichens, gray, the leaves, can produce severe irritation of the
crisp, brittle, and crusted...deriving their food from certain kinds digestive tract, including vomiting, diarrhea, and
of small algae which they held enslaved in their meshes.” acute cramping.”
This is a great book—with absolutely stunning pho- [Kind of unappetizing for such a romantic plant!]
tographs—many more cool quotes including several from
fellow lichen-lover Henry David Thoreau—and even a dis- D. “Some lichens are quite toxic, due to the presence
cussion of why people persist in thinking, falsely as far as of usnic or vulpinic acid or other lichen sub-
anyone knows, that lichens damage plants. When trees stances...Wolf Scandinavia, it was pow-
decline and the trunk is opened up to more light the dered, mixed with ground glass, and sprinkled on
photosynthesizing alga or cyanopbacterium component of meat, as a wolf poison.”
the lichen thrives with the added sunlight, thus the lichen [Ouch!]
thrives and people mistake this as a cause of the decline
rather than an effect. Common Poisonous Plants and Mushrooms
of North America—Nancy J. Turner and
And the book is Lichens of North America, Adam F. Szczawinski.
by Irwin W. Brodi, Sylvia Duran Sharnoff &
To close, remember the words of the great
Stephen Sharnoff. Groucho Marx:
“Outside of a dog, a book is a man’s best friend...inside
of a dog it’s too hard to read.”

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 17

New Growth and Technology

Weed Control
Dr. David Gardner
The Ohio State University
Department of Horticulture and Crop Science

hile the chemistry used to control Table 3 lists the most common perennial broadleaf
broadleaf weeds has not changed that weeds. Though certainly not inclusive, the species list-
much during the last ten years, several ed easily account for 90% of the perennial broadleaf
recent developments have affected control strategies. weed problems in Ohio turfgrass. Fall applied post-
Whether you are a professional lawn care emergence herbicides should be the first choice to
operator or a golf course superintendent it is a usually control perennial broadleaf weeds.
a necessary evil to perform some postemergence
broadleaf weed control in the spring. Unfortunately,
this has fostered the misconception that spring is the Recent Developments in
ideal time to control broadleaf weeds. Many of our
most common and hardest to control broadleaf weeds
Broadleaf Herbicide Chemistry
Table 4 lists the herbicides available for postemer-
are perennials. For several reasons it makes more gence control of broadleaf weeds. The table is split
agronomic sense to apply postemergence materials, into different categories beginning with the herbicides
such as 2,4-D and triclopyr, in the fall for the control individually and then listing the most common combi-
of perennial weeds (Table 1). nation products. While you can buy some of the herbi-
It is important to correctly identify the weeds on a cides individually, control is most often accomplished
site, and then consider whether they are predominate- with a three-way combination of the herbicides. 2,4-D,
ly annuals or perennials. Identification of the weed MCPA, and triclopyr are generally more effective on
and knowledge of its life cycle is necessary in order to dandelions, while 2,4-DP, MCPP, and clopyralid are
best determine what control strategies to use. While more effective on clovers. Dicamba is better for diffi-
fall applications of broadleaf herbicides will control cult broadleaves such as thistles. Usually a three-way
annual broadleaf weeds, many of these may be effec- herbicide will have 1 or 2 compounds from each
tively controlled using preemergence herbicide mate- grouping (e.g. 2,4-D, MCPP, and dicamba).
rials applied in the spring. Table 2 lists some of the New this year from PBI Gordon are broadleaf her-
most common annual broadleaf weeds, along with bicide combinations with a herbicide called carfentra-
options for control with preemergence herbicides. zone, which is reported to result in faster burn down
Since these weeds are annuals, they are near the end of the targeted weeds. Carfentrazone acts to disrupt
of their life cycle now and control with a postemer- cell membranes, which results in rapid death of tissues
gence material may not be warranted. If there is heavy and browning of the affected plant. Initial results indi-
cover of these weeds it may be advantageous to con- cate that while overall control with these products is
trol them now in order to allow the grass time to fill in no better than with other combination products,
the bare spots during the fall. Remember, though, faster burn down of broadleaf weeds can be achieved.
that more effective control of these weeds in future Two other products listed in Table 4 are not new
seasons is either with preemergence herbicides, or, if to the market, but are labeled for control of certain
necessary, postemergence materials applied early in
the weed’s life cycle.

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 18

broadleaf weeds. Quinclorac, the active ingredient in
the crabgrass postemergent Drive, has shown good Residential use of Clopyralid
activity against dandelion and clover and is labeled for
this use. The product is not the best choice for overall
On July 26, 2002 Dow AgroSciences issued a press
long-term control. However, in certain situations it release to announce that they were discontinuing resi-
may be a useful addition to your weed control pro- dential turf uses of clopyralid. Clopyralid has been on
gram. If you are using Drive to control crabgrass the market for about 15 years and is a very useful her-
postemergently during the summer you can also tar- bicide for the control of many lawn weeds, particularly
get the dandelions and you may get good suppression. the clovers. The concern with clopyralid is that low
But, be aware that an application of a three-way concentrations of residues can persist for considerable
broadleaf herbicide in the fall will probably be neces- periods in composted turfgrass clippings. The concen-
sary to achieve complete control. trations found were in the part per billion range (1
The other herbicide is chlorsulfuron. It has been ten millionth of 1%). While clopyralid is active on
on the market for many years primarily for the control only a few plant families, one of them, Solanaceae, is
of tall fescue in Kentucky bluegrass turf. However, it is particularly sensitive even to part per billion concen-
labeled for the control of wild violets, chickweed, and trations. Ironically, the solanaceae include such things
purslane and several other weeds. Check the label for as potato, tomato, and peppers. Sales of clopyralid
specifics, as this product is not to be used on tall fes- were strongest in the Pacific northwest. This is also the
cue or ryegrass, and there are other restrictions. part of the country that is most active with turfgrass

Table 1.
Summary of the advantages of fall applied postemergence herbicides.

Herbicide In the fall, the weed translocates carbohydrates into the taproot for
translocation winter. Fall applied broadleaf herbicides are much more effective
because they are readily translocated into the root system, result-
ing in death of the root system as well as the leaf tissue
Control in spring Control in the fall is not only more effective, but also gives the turf
results in bare time to fill in the bare spot without competition from crabgrass
patches filled in and other annual weeds. While postemergence broadleaf herbi-
by crabgrass cides will not control crabgrass, often the best control of annual
grasses is a dense stand of turf.

Less risk of In the fall, most annual ornamental plants and vegetables have
damage to reached maturity and leaves of trees and shrubs are beginning to
ornamentals turn color and fall off the plant, resulting in reduced risk of drift
injury to these plants by herbicides.

Winter annuals Henbit and common chickweed, are beginning to germinate in mid-
to late-fall and can be effectively control if herbicide application is
done after they germinate.

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 19

clipping recycling programs. When the clippings were
composted, most of the clopyralid residues break Addition of Pyridinoxies to 3-way
down. But, when the compost was used for
vegetable gardening, the residues that remained
Combinations and the Appearance
caused damage to tomato and pepper crops. As a of Combinations Without 2,4-D
result the product is being discontinued on residential For several years after their introduction, the
turf in order to address regulatory concerns. It can pyridinoxy herbicides triclopyr and clopyralid were
still be used on golf courses, and professional lawn only available in Turflon II, which contained triclopyr
care applicators will now be required to notify com- and 2,4-D, and Confront, which contained triclopyr
mercial property managers not to compost clippings. and clopyralid. However, In the last few years, several
However, residential uses are now discontinued. new products have been registered which contain tri-

Table 2.
If an area is heavily infested with annual broadleaf weeds, but not with perennial
broadleaf weeds, then application of postemergence materials in the fall is not
necessary since these weeds are nearing the end of their life cycle. It is better
to control seeds of these weeds next spring using a preemergence herbicide or a
postemergence material applied early in the weed’s life cycle.
Species Preemergence Control Options

Prostrate Pigweed bensulide, isoxaben, ethofumesate, oxadiazon

Amaranthus blitoides

Prostrate Spurge prodiamine, dithiopyr, isoxaben, pendimethalin, oxadiazon

Euphorbia supina

Common Mallow
Malva rotundifolia

Black Medic
Medicago lupulina

Yellow Woodsorrel dithiopyr, isoxaben, pendimethalin

Oxalis stricta

Prostrate Knotweed prodiamine, isoxaben

Polygonum aviculare

Purslane dithiopyr, isoxaben, pendimethalin, ethofumesate, oxadiazon

Portulaca oleracea
Henbit prodiamine, bensulide, dithiopyr, isoxaben, pendimethalin
Lamium amplexicaule

Common Chickweed prodiamine, dithiopyr, isoxaben, pendimethalin, ethofumesate

Stellaria media

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 20

clopyr or clopyralid in a three-way herbicide combina- environmental concerns that have been
tion (Table 4). These new combinations offer raised about 2,4-D, it has become necessary
increased choices and spectrums of weed control. to register products that do not have 2,4-D in
Remember that the products containing clopyralid them. These products will generally work the
will no longer be available for residential lawn applica- same as 3-ways with 2,4-D and can therefore
tions. be used in areas where 2,4-D usage is no
In addition, several new combination products are longer desired or permitted.
now available without 2,4-D. MCPA has been around
for many years and has a very similar mode of action
and spectrum of control. It is, however, a little more
expensive to manufacture. However, with some of the Some Final Notes Concerning
Broadleaf Weed Control
It is very important to select the right her-
Table 3. bicide and the most appropriate formulation
in order to get the best possible control.
Perennial broadleaf weeds commonly found in turfgrass.
Consult the label to determine whether the
Fall is the best time to apply herbicides, such as 2, 4-D,
addition of a surfactant is warranted.
MCPP, or triclopyr, to control weeds.
Remember that many of the broadleaf herbi-
Species Most Effective Control cides are available as both amine and ester
formulations. Dr. Street provides good discus-
Mouse ear Chickweed MCPP or dicamba sion of amines versus esters in this past
March-April issue of OTF news. Ester formu-
Cerastium vulgatum lations are more effective than amine formu-
lations, especially as temperatures decline.
Canada Thistle dicamba
Esters, however, are more volatile and more
Cirsium arvense care around ornamentals must be exercised
with these materials when temperatures are
Ground Ivy 2,4-D, MCPP or other combination
above 60 degrees. Remember that postemer-
Glecoma hederacea gence herbicides are most effective if applied
during sunny weather with no rainfall within
Buckhorn Plantain 24 hours of application.
2,4-D, MCPP, dicamba
How late these materials can be applied
Plantago lanceolata
depends on weather conditions. In general,
if the plant tissue is losing quality due to frost
Blackseed Plantain 2,4-D, MCPP, dicamba
or cold temperatures, it is probably too late
Plantago rugelii to get enough herbicide into the root system
for effective control. However, depending on
Curly Dock 2,4-D or dicamba
weather conditions, effective control with
Rumex crispus these materials can be achieved with applica-
tions as late as the second week of December.
Dandelion 2,4-D or dicamba Herbicides applied in the very late fall have
Taraxacum officinale been observed to have what appears to be lit-
tle effect two or three weeks after applica-
White Clover MCPP, clopyralid, or dicamba tion. But, when the same areas are revisited
Trifolium repens in the spring, control can, in fact, approach
Wild Violet triclopyr
Viola papilionacea

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 21

Table 4.
Herbicides labeled for the control of perennial broadleaf weeds commonly found
in turfgrass. Perennial broadleaf weeds are most effectively controlled in the fall.
Always consult the label prior to use.

Herbicide Class Herbicide Example Product

Phenoxies 2,4-D Dymec, Weedestroy AM-40 Amine Salt
2,4-DP —
MCPP Mecomec, MCPP-p 4 Amine
Benzoic Acid Dicamba Banvel
Benzonitrile Bromoxynil Buctril
Pyridinoxies Triclopyr Turflon
Clopyralid Lontrel
Quinclorac Drive
Sulfonylurea Chlorsulfuron Cosair
Triazoline Carfentrazone —

Phenoxy and Dicamba Combinations

2,4-D, MCPP, Dicamba Trimec Classic, Trimec Bentgrass, Trimec Turf
Ester, Trimec 992, Trimec 899, Trimec LAF-687
2,4-D, 2,4-DP, Dicamba Super Trimec, Mec Amine-BG
2,4-D, 2,4-DP, MCPP Dissolve, Triamine, Triamine Jet-Spray
2,4-DP, MCPA, MCPP Triamine II
MCPA, MCPP, Dicamba Trimec Encore, Tri-Power Selective

Carfentrazone Combinations
Carfentrazone, 2,4-D, MCPP, Dicamba SpeedZone
Carfentrazone, MCPA, MCPP, Dicamba Powerzone
Pyridinoxy Combinations
2,4-D and Triclopyr Chaser
Triclopyr and Clopyralid Confront
2,4-DP, MCPA, Clopyralid Chaser Ultra
2,4-D, Clopyralid, Dicamba Millenium Ultra
MCPA, Triclopyr, Dicamba Cool Power, HorsePower
MCPA, Clopyralid, Dicamba TruPower

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 22

Spotlight ««« ««« ««« ««« « « «

“My greatest professional satisfaction

is seeing golfers enjoying themselves.”
Being superintendent of a golf course presents a
wide variety of responsibilities and challenges: turf
grass maintenance; soils; irrigation; budgeting;
management and administrative responsibility. As Dan
says, “You have to take care of everything that is living
and breathing, plus a whole lot more.” It is the
diversity of this work and the challenges that manag-
ing the largest office in the world brings, in which he
finds a great deal of professional satisfaction.
The biggest challenge is to get the work done
without infringing upon the golfers. Dan attributes his
ability to do this by recognizing his assistants and staff.
He states, “That is what I am there for, to provide a
service”. These are clear examples of his focus on
Dan Walter, Superintendent, City of Blue Ash Golf Club
people and a reflection of his very positive attitude.
Dan speaks proudly of the Blue Ash organization
and the people who support it. He has found the satis-

an Walter is a success. It’s not about money,
title or power but about the ultimate faction of sharing his knowledge and experience with
satisfaction an individual attains when they others not only by the education and guidance of his
have established a meaningful career and have staff but also by leadership. He started by regularly
extended themselves to give back to their profession attending the Ohio Turfgrass Foundation Annual
and their community. It is also about balance; keeping conference. He became president of the local chapter
ones family needs in perspective with the demands of of the Golf Course Superintendents Association of
ones career. America, which led to being a member of OTF’s
Dan is the superintendent of Blue Ash Golf Education Planning Committee. Becoming a member
Course, just north of Cincinnati, Ohio. He joined the of the board is a potential for the future.
course as an assistant and became the superintendent Being superintendent of Blue Ash, a community
in September 1995. Kidwell and Hurdzan designed golf course of noteworthy recognition and over 38,000
Blue Ash in 1979, as one of the first community cours- players in a period of only nine months is a daunting
es in Ohio. Known for its rolling terrain and undulat- responsibility. In his early years Dan quickly found
ing greens, it is recognized today as one of the top 75 himself immersed in his job. He was fortunate howev-
public golf courses in America. er to balance his life perspective and recognize the
For Dan, finding his career path wasn’t too diffi- importance of putting your family first. He has been
cult. The youngest of a family of five, Dan’s father was married to his wife Renee for nine years and has two
an avid golfer, playing on an average of twice a week. children Christian and Courtney.
This inherent exposure to the game, coupled with Dan Walter has an outstandingly positive attitude.
some guidance by his high school counselor, resulted It differentiates him, permeates and contributes to his
in the attainment of a degree in turfgrass manage- accomplishments. He loves his family and his job. At
ment from the Ohio State University Agricultural and an early age, he has already attained the ultimate
Technical Institute. success in life.

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 23

New Growth and Technology
The Ohio State University

Putting Green Root Zones:

The Science Behind the Systems
By Dr. Ed McCoy
The Ohio State University
School of Natural Resources

resulted from an initial construction or from decades

Introduction of sand topdressing on a push-up green, the effect is
the same. The effect is the same a surface soil layer

here is presently much confusion over what where most turf roots reside that contains an appre-
constitutes the ideal putting green root zone. ciable quantity of a specified sand. From there, ideal root
Various experts and authorities have pub- zones may contain only a specified sand or contain sand
lished guidelines for root zones, and practitioners are amended with soil, organic materials, internally porous
faced with the dilemma of deciding which recommen- inorganic amendments, or any combination.
dation is correct for their application. What I have
found is that many different root zones will produce a
quality putting green provided the root zone is Properties Used to Describe
properly married to its intended situation.
An ideal rooting medium achieves the correct Putting Green Root Zones
balance between capacities to a) transmit water and
air, and to b) retain water and nutrients. Yet, for areas Central to a suitability assessment of a root zone is
experiencing frequent foot and maintenance traffic, the particle size distribution. This describes the com-
this medium should also c) resist compaction. The position of the root zone and is a coarse scale mea-
choice between emphasizing the transmission or sure of likely success or failure when used in a
retention capacities of a putting green root zone putting green. That is, if a root zone does not contain
depends on the amount of play and player expecta- a suitable particle size distribution, then there is little
tion, and the available resources for management chance that it could be successful for a putting green.
input. Thus, for a facility with heavy play, high player At a finer scale are one or several soil physical proper-
expectations, and sufficient management resources, ty indices. These indices are used to judge whether
the tendency is to accentuate water and air transmis- the root zone accentuates either the transmission or
sion over the retention aspects of the root zone. This retention capabilities. Soil property indices common-
is because the required frequency of fertilizer and irri- ly related to water and air transmission are the satu-
gation inputs is less worrisome than the chance the rated hydraulic conductivity (also called Ksat or per-
turf surface will be compromised by wear or weather. meability) and the non-capillary porosity. Indices
With less intense play and resources also less available related to water and nutrient retention are the capil-
then water and nutrient retention are often accentuat- lary porosity and cation exchange capacity (CEC).
ed over the transmission aspects. Of course, if the Within the industry and during research on high
facility faces heavy use, high expectations, but little traffic turfgrass root zones, the saturated hydraulic
resources for maintenance, then likely no root zone conductivity is the most commonly used index of the
will prove satisfactory and expectations will never be transmission properties of a root zone. It is a soil
met. property whose concept is easy to grasp and is sensi-
Thus, since some traffic is always present, the ideal tive to subtle differences in root zone composition.
root zone should consist mostly of sand. It doesn’t Yet this same sensitivity results in difficulties in the
really matter whether this high sand content root zone precision of its measurement and repeated measure-
ments of Ksat from a single stockpile may yield rather

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 24

large variation. Thus, although this is a very useful Specifically, root zone A is fine-medium sand hav-
index, this property of a mix may often be abused by ing a FM equal to 1.0, a mid-particle diameter, or D50
specifying too narrow of a range in values that must value of 0.2 mm, and a D90/D10 uniformity coefficient
be achieved. Further, since water transmission and of 2.5. The sand fraction of root zone B contains
retention are often mutually exclusive concepts for a appreciable amounts of medium, coarse, and very
soil, we can often express the degree to which either is coarse sand, has a FM equal to 2.6, a D50 value of 0.6
accentuated by the value of the saturated hydraulic mm and a D90/D10 uniformity coefficient of 8. Again,
conductivity alone. This is the approach I have adopt- root zone B contains about 82% sand, the remaining
ed in this article. mineral fraction being silt and clay. This added quanti-
ty of silt and clay in root zone B results in an overall

The Range of Root Zones FM value of 2.1 and a D50 value of 0.5 mm. Root zone
A consists as a pure or 100% sand medium and would
Found in Putting Greens not typically contain any of the commonly used
amendments. On the other hand, root zone B would
Putting greens are exposed to a variety of climates, likely contain organic amendments totaling up to 5%
must meet diverse performance expectations, and organic matter by weight, in addition to the sizable silt
respond to differing levels of use and management and clay content.
input. Consequently, it is not surprising that root Root zones A and B represent endpoints with sev-
zones found in successful putting greens can exhibit a eral general trends in soil composition and properties
rather wide range of properties. It is important to between these two points. These trends follow the
note, however, that a root zone’s success also depends ordering of from root zone A to root zone B where
on its depth and properties of the underlying media. firstly and most obviously the sand fraction becomes
The range of particle sizes found in putting greens increasingly coarser. Second, the sand fraction com-
is given in the figure “Range of Particle Sizes in monly becomes less uniform. Thirdly, there is an
Putting Green Root Zones,” showing the cumulative increasing content of silt and clay, introduced either
percent passing (or retained) as a function of particle as a component of the sand fraction or purposely
size. The arrows along the upper scale denote particle introduced into the mix. Finally, in terms of root zone
diameters corresponding to those for Fineness composition, there is a general trend of increasing
Modulus (FM) calculation. The range is from a root organic matter content through amendment of the
zone (labeled A) containing the finest sand fraction to root zone with various organic materials.
the root zone (labeled B) containing the coarsest There is also a trend between root zones A and B
sand fraction. Root zone B also contains about 18% regarding the manner whereby the root zone was
silt and clay so that the dashed line also shows only the formed. Though not always the case, root zone A
sand fraction of root zone B. The range of acceptable would likely be formed during initial green construc-
particle sizes as shown in this figure is much wider tion. Root zone B, on the other hand, is commonly
than one would normally expect. If fact, both the pub- formed through years of core cultivation and sand
lished guidelines for USGA greens and California topdressing applied to a native soil or push-up green;
sand greens are contained within this range. creating a high sand content root zone that also
contains silt and clay from the native soil.

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 25

Hydraulic Conductivity Putting This into Perspective
of Root Zones Published guidelines for a California green root
These two diverse root zones, A and B, are also zone generally recommend the use of pure sand
expected to exhibit very different hydraulic conductiv- having D50 values ranging from 0.2 to 0.3 mm. As
ity values. Although somewhat speculative due to the we have shown, these uniform, unamended, fine to
inherent variable nature of this index, root zone A medium sands have Ksat values from 20 to about 50
would likely yield values ranging from 15 to 25 inh-1. inh-1 and correspondingly fall within and acceptable,
The values for root zone B would range from 1 to 4 inh-1. agronomic limit. Thus, even though the balance is
Though the values for root zone A may appear large tilted toward the transmission attribute of the root
to some, they are actually rather moderate and not zone, a quality green is clearly achievable.
the largest that may occur. The values for root zone B, On the other hand, a uniform and clean sand
however, correspond with the lower limit for high having a D50 value greater than 0.33 mm is expect-
traffic turfgrass areas. ed to exceed the agronomic limit for Ksat of 50 to 60
The general trend, from A to B, in Ksat values, is inh-1. What we are looking at here is predominately
not nearly as direct as the trends observed in root medium sand. Interestingly, this D50 value is near
zone composition. Starting from the range of 15 to 25 the lower limit of the particle size range for a
inh-1 for root zone A, saturated hydraulic conductivity USGA green. Consequently, when we think of a
values do not simply decline to the 1 to 4 inh-1 range USGA root zone we often think of something other
observed for root zone B. Rather, as a uniform, clean than pure, clean sand. Whereas amending of the
(lacking silt and clay) and un-amended sand becomes sand is not necessarily dictated by the USGA, it
more coarsely textured, the saturated conductivity appears necessary from an agronomic point of view
increases owing to the larger diameters of inter-parti- since medium to coarse sands may also need to
cle pores. contain some silt and clay or organic matter to
This increase in hydraulic conductivity with larger maintain a reasonable permeability. There seems to
particle size is show, starting from a particle diameter be here, more of a balance between transmission
of 0.2 mm, in the figure “Generalized, Root Zone and retention capability.
Hydraulic Conductivity.” Yet, the agronomic limit of Push-up greens that have evolved from decades
increasing Ksat with progressively coarser textured sand of core cultivation and sand topdressing commonly
is around 50 to 60 inh-1. This is particularly true for have a shallow, sandy root zone with higher con-
cool season turfgrass, where above this limit; a viable tents of silt, clay and organic matter. If the topdress-
turf can only be established and retained with great ing sand was on the fine side of our range, then I
difficulty. Essentially, above this point, the transmission would be concerned about these root zones having
attributes of the root zone are overemphasized, insufficient transmission capability (mostly for air).
resulting in grossly insufficient retention of water Yet if the topdressing sand was on the coarser side
and nutrients. of our range; again these greens should serve quite
Consequently, to maintain Ksat within a reasonable well. It is easy to see, however, that in these root
range and achieve a better balance between transmis- zones, the water and nutrient retention capability is
sion and retention capability, properties of the root emphasized.
zone must change as mid-particle diameters exceed From the above interpretation, it is clear that
about 0.33 mm. As shown in the “Generalized, Root the most popular, successful and long-lived green
Zone Hydraulic Conductivity” figure by 1) increasing root zones are not unrelated and isolated systems.
the proportion of silt and clay, 2) increasing the Rather, they all fall within an encompassing umbrel-
organic matter content, and 3) using a less uniform la where the goals of 1) adequate
sand, each serves to lower the hydraulic conductivity. water and air transmission, 2) adequate nutrient
These are also the features of the trend in root zones and water retention, and 3) and compaction
from A to B that serve to maintain Ksat within a reason- resistance are met.
able range as the sand texture becomes coarser.

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 26

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 27
New Growth and Technology

School of Natural Resources

Turfgrass Soils Research Program
Dr. Ed McCoy
The Ohio State University
School of Natural Resources

To explore regions under the turf where no man has gone before. In cooperation
with agronomists, plant pathologists, and entomologists, apply the disciplines of
soil physics and chemistry to contribute to more sustainable, high quality turf
management systems. The SNR crew stresses an integrated approach to turfgrass
management, starting with the drainage system, continuing to the root zone area,
and then on up to the plant, while not forgetting the importance of cultural practices.

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 28

Ed McCoy, Associate Professor, School of
Natural Resources, OARDC, Williams Hall,
Billie J. Lindsay, Research Associate, School of
Natural Resources, Kottman Hall, Columbus
Stephen M. Schneider, Research Associate,
School of Natural Resources, Kottman Hall,

Ed McCoy Billie J. Lindsay

Research Associate, MSc., Environmental
Ed is a classically trained soil physicist who may be Science, School of Natural Resources
more comfortable with equations than shovels, but
Billie feels like she has come full circle in her pro-
has spent some time on either end of both. Over the
fessional career with her return to the OSU Turf
past decade or so, he has focused his research pro-
Research Facility. Billie remembers putting out fungi-
gram on turfgrass soils for high traffic areas. Through
cide field trials during a hot summer in 1977, while
this study he has come to fully appreciate the unique
working as an undergraduate for Dr. Phil Larsen,
and wonderful properties of sand. But more than this,
Plant Pathology Dept. This was back when the rhi-
he has come to realize that the essential functioning
zotron at the OSU Turf Research Facility was new and
of soils for high traffic areas depends on the interac-
Billie was young.
tions between the root zone, the layering of soil mate-
Since that time, she has worked on research pro-
rials, the drainage system and how the whole fit into
jects in the Agronomy Dept. and now the School of
the landscape. This is one message he tries to convey
Natural Resources in the area of beneficial reuse of by-
in the turfgrass soils course he teaches at OSU.
products and effects on soil properties. This summer,
He has conducted research on manufactured soils,
along with the SNR crew, Billie has focused on the
the role of organic and inorganic amendments in
installation of a sports turf root zone project. The fea-
high sand content root zone, the hydrology of mod-
sibility of using recycled foundry sand and other by-
ern putting green designs, putting green turf water
products in sports turf root zones will be explored.
use, and trenchless drainage system installation for
Billie is looking forward to working with the OSU
putting greens. His products from this research range
Turfgrass Interdisciplinary Team to evaluate the nine
from trade journal articles (hopefully understandable
different treatments in the root zone project. She is
by all) to technical articles (likely understandable by
also working on a proposal with Drs. Gardener,
only a few academic types). He has also patented
McCoy, and Street to look at various top dressing
innovative drainage technology.
blends using mineral and organic materials.

Dave sponsors the Annual Grub Dig, an event where industry OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 29
representatives come to learn how their products perform.
Stephen M. Schneider Students
Steve graduated in 2001 with a B. S. in Natural
Resources with a major Forestry. He got interested in
turf research after his internship in the Dept. of Plant Thomas Christensen
Pathology in the summer 2001. Dr. Mike Boehm and
Joe Rimelspach sparked his interest in turf through Thomas grew up in Worthington, Ohio and is
their constant willingness to teach and answer any currently a student at The Ohio State University.
questions. He started working with Billie Lindsay in Presently at the Ohio Turfgrass Foundation Research
April 2002. This year he and his undergraduate stu- and Education Center he is part of the team that is
dent workers installed the project to test different sub- working on the sports turf root zone project.
stances as root zones for sports fields. This turned out Thomas’s father, James is currently employed with
to be quite a complicated installation to accommodate The Ohio State University as an assistant professor in
a 1% sloped subgrade, two root zone depths of six and the School of Natural Resources teaching applied sta-
12 inches, subsurface and surface drainage, irrigation, tistics. Thomas’s sister, Catie, is currently a fifth year
and nine treatments randomly replicated three times. physical therapy major at the University of Minnesota
The study includes different recycled soils. Steve and plans on going to graduate school after her fifth
would like to do further research with recycled soils year. Thomas’s mother, Char, is the activity director
and strip mine reclamation for agricultural products. at First Community Village in Columbus. Following
his work on the sports turf root zone project,
Thomas hopes to continue his education in
acturarial science at The Ohio State University and
hopes to one day become an investment banker
for a major Wall Street firm.

George Cooke
George is a sophomore at Ohio State majoring
in Landscape Horticulture. George grew up in
Chillicothe, Ohio. He is currently assisting Billie
Lindsay and Steve Schneider with the Sports Turf
Root Zone project. George has enjoyed the
experience of working on this project this summer
and being part of the OSU Turf Research team.
After graduation, George would like to work for a
company that manages greenhouses or perhaps
manage his own.

OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 30

The Ohio Sod Producers
Annual Field Day

Caterpillar tractor
pulling a Dutzi ground
preparation tool.

A new automatic self-stacking har -

vester by Trebro was on display.

Mike Ward, 2002 OSPA President, presents a

plaque while thanking 2001 President Daniel
Huggett for his dedication to Ohio’s sod industry.
Lots of equipment was on hand,
including this Magnum Harvester.

Attendees tried their hand

with a Navigator forklift.
E astgate Sod, Batavia, OH hosted the Ohio Sod Producers Association
annual Field Day on August 3. 100 degree temperatures welcomed more
than 75 attending sod producers and participating suppliers of sod
production services, equipment and supplies.
After a brief meeting of the OSPA membership, at which the new
relationship with the Ohio Turfgrass Foundation was explained by OSPA
President Mike Ward, the group enjoyed a delicious lunch catered by the
famous Montgomery Inn Ribs.
The afternoon program allowed everyone the opportunity to view and
demo some of the latest sod production equipment while touring the
Eastgate Sod farm.
A special thanks goes out to the following suppliers for
exhibiting their products and equipment at the Field Day.
• Bucyrus Equipment • Cargotec, Inc.
• The Cisco Companies • George F. Ackerman Co.
• Harr’s Forklift Service • J & K Sod Blades
• Kongskilde Ltd. • Dutzi North America
• Steiner-Brower • Trebro Mfg.

Brower Equipment’s Ian True answers questions

from many interested producers. OTF TurfNews • Vol 64 • No. 5 • 2002 • Page 31



PERMIT #7780

PO Box 3388
Zanesville, OH 43702–3388
Fax (740) 452–2552

OTF Board of Trustees 2002 OTF Officers OSU Turfgrass

Trustees President
Mark Heinlein
Science Team
Term Expires 2003
The Motz Group Dr. Michael J. Boehm
Dr. Chuck Darrah The Ohio State University
CLC LABS Vice President Dept. Plant Pathology
John Mowat
Mark Grunkemeyer Century Equipment Dr. Karl Danneberger
Buckeye Ecocare The Ohio State University
Treasurer Dept. Hort. & Crop Science
Mark Jordan George Furrer
Westfield Companies Country Club Lesco, Inc. Mr. Michael Fulton
The Ohio State University
Trustees Immediate Past President Agricultural Technical Institute
Term Expires 2004 Len Dunaway
Xenia Power Equipment Dr. David Gardner
Boyd Montgomery The Ohio State University
Sylvania Recreation Director of Education Dept. Hort. & Crop Science
Dr. John R. Street
Lin Ropp The Ohio State University Dr. Parwinder Grewal
Executive Director Dept. Entomology
Todd Voss Kevin Thompson
Double Eagle Golf Club OTF/Offinger Management Co. Dr. Ed McCoy
Trustees School of Natural Resources
Term Expires 2005
Mr. Joseph W. Rimelspach (Chairman)
Glen Pottenger The Ohio State University
Larch Tree Golf Course Dept. Plant Pathology
Ms. Pamela Sherratt
The Ohio State University
Dept. Hort. & Crop Science
Dr. Dave Shetlar
The Ohio State University
Dept. Entomology
Dr. John R. Street
The Ohio State University
Dept. Hort. & Crop Science
Dr. Daniel Voltz
The Ohio State University
Agricultural Technical Institute
Mr. David A. Willoughby
The Ohio State University
Agricultural Technical Institute