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HSC Level 1 Hanzi

This file contains prescribed characters from the Beginners Level 1 HSK.

The order of presentation is that provided by

It is all just a cut and paste from pre-existing files of mine.

For each character, there is Pinyin with definitions. Often there is more than one Pinyin representation.

Following is a stroke-order diagram, also with stroke-order for the traditional character if necessary.

After that comes any words from Chinese Pod Newbie/Elementary lessons, using only characters introduced
up to that point.

y 2 one; [see yo]
(A) [num.] 1. one; 2. single, alone, only one; 3. same; 4. whole, all, throughout; 5. each, per, every time;
6. concentrated; 7. (indicating that the action occurs once or lasts for a short time); 8. (used before a verb
to indicate an action and its result) "no sooner did VERB happen than; (B) (used with certain words for
emphasis) 1. a participant in an activity; 2. a capable person, a good hand; 3. head of an enterprise or
government department

rn 7 person
[n.] 1. human being, man, person, people; 2. a person engaged in a particular activity; 3. people, other
people; 4. personality, character; 5. everybody, each; [MW: g, ku, bng, qn, du]

xi 42 under / next
(A) [n.] down, under, below; (B) [adj.] 1. lower, inferior; 2. next; (C) [v.] 1. descend, get off; 2. (of rain,
snow, etc.) fall; 3. issue (eg. orders); 4. put in; 5. form (an idea, opinion, etc.); 6. finish (work, etc.); 7. (of
animals) give birth to, lay; 8. take off, dismantle; 9. put into use; (D) [meas.] (for the frequency of an

yxi one time / once / in a short time / suddenly / all at once / a while / a moment

shng 16 on / first / previous / to attend
(A) [adj.] 1. upper, up, upward; 2. higher, superior, better; 3. first (part), preceding, previous; 4. up to, as
many as; (B) [v.] 1. go up, mount, board, get on; 2. go to, leave for; 3. submit, send in, present; 4. forge
ahead, go ahead; 5. enter the court or field; 6. fill, supply, serve; 7. place sth. in position, set, fix; 8. apply,
paint, smear; 9. be put on record, be carried (in a publication); 10. wind, screw, tighten; 11. be engaged (in
work, study, etc.) at a fixed time; (C) 1. (used after a verb to indicate motion from a lower to a higher
position); 2. (used after a verb to indicate achievement of ones goal); 3. (used to indicate the beginning
and continuity of an action)

d 17 big / old
(A) [adj.] 1. big, large, great; 2. heavy, strong; 3. loud; 4. of age; 5. eldest; 6. main, major, general; 7. of
size; 8. (used to give force to a time word or expression); (B) [adv.] 1. greatly, fully, in a big way, on a large
scale; 2. (used after to indicate low degree or frequency)

dd enormous
drn adult

z 37
(A) [n.] 1. son; 2. seed, egg; 3. sth. small and hard; 4. person; (B) [adj.] young, tender
zi 37
(noun suffix)

xio 83 small / young
(A) [adj.] 1. small, little, petty, minor; 2. young; 3. for a short time; (B) [v.] the young

b 4 no / not
[adv.] 1. (used to form a negative) no, not; 2. (used as a negative answer); 3. (used at the end of a sentence
to form a question); 4. (inserted in reiterative locutions, usually preceded by shnme, to indicate
indifference); 5. (used together with ji to indicate a choice)

zhng 14 amongst / during / in the course of / middle / within / while (doing something) / in the process of

[n.] 1. centre, middle; 2. in, among; 3. between two extremes; 4. medium; 5. China

tin 78 day / sky / weather
[n.] 1. sky, heaven; 2. day; 3. a period of time in a day; 4. season; 5. weather; 6. nature; 7. God, heaven

tinshng in the sky
tintin everyday
ytin a day / a whole day / the day / for a day

xn 90
[n.] 1. the heart; 2. mind, feeling, intention [MW: k]; 3. centre, core, middle

rnxn human emotions
xioxn careful / to be careful / to take care
zhngxn centre / heart / core

shu 202 water
[n.] 1. water [MW: bi, png, tng, d]; 2. a general term for rivers, lakes, seas, etc.; 3. a liquid

ch 28 out
(A) [v.] 1. go or come out; 2. issue, put forth; 3. produce; 4. arise, happen, occur; 5. exceed, go beyond; 6.
vent, put forth; (B) [meas.] a dramatic piece

1. (used after a verb to indicate outward movement or completed action); 2. (indicating identification)

shng 34 raw / to give birth to
(A) [v.] 1. give birth to, bear; 2. grow; 3. get (eg. sick); 4. light (a fire); (B) [adj.] 1. living, 2. unripe, green;
3. raw; 4. unprocessed, unrefined, crude; 5. unfamiliar, unacquainted, strange; 6. stiff, mechanical; (C)
[adv.] (used before a few words to express emotion and sensation) extremely, very; (D) [n.] 1. existence,
life; 2. livelihood; 3. pupil, student

chshng to be born
xioshng younger male role in Chinese opera
yshng all one's life / throughout one's life

de 21
[part.] (used after an adjective, a noun or a phrase to form an adverbial adjunct before the verb) ly
d 21 earth / ground / floor
[n.] 1. the earth; 2. land [MW: kui (parcel)], soil; 3. field; 4. ground, floor; 5. place, locality; 6. position,
situation; 7. background; 8. distance

dshng on the ground

r 67
(A) [v.] 1. be like or similar to, as if; 2. be as good as (used in negative sentences only); 3. in accordance
with, as (B) [conj.] if

nin 45 year
(A) [n.] 1. year; 2. age; 3. New Year, New Years Day, Spring Festival;
(B) [adj.] annual, yearly

yu 8 there is / to have
[v.] 1. have, possess; 2. there is, exist; 3. (indicating probability or comparison); 4. (indicating that sth. has
happened or appeared; 5. (indicating many, much, advanced, etc.); 6. (somewhat like certain); 7.
(meaning certain people, occasions or localities); 8. (used in certain set phrases to indicate politeness)

yurn there is someone / someone is here

z 43
(A) [pron.] oneself, ones own; (B) [adv.] naturally, certainly; (C) [prep.] since, from

sh 58 thing / matter / affair
(A) [n.] 1. matter, affair, thing, business [MW: jin, hu]; 2. trouble, accident; 3. job, work; 4. responsibility,
involvement; (B) [v.] be engaged in

chsh to have an accident
xiosh minor matter / petty thing
yush to have a matter / there is something / to be busy

li 15 to come / to do it, handle it
(A) [v.] 1. come, arrive; 2. crop up, take place; 3. (replacing a verb); 4. (used with (d) or (b) to
indicate possibility); 5. (used before a verb to indicate that one is about to do sth.); 6. (used after a verb or
verbal phrase to indicate what one has come for); 7. (used before a verb to indicate the purpose of such an
action); 8. (used after a verb as a complement to indicate moving forward in the direction of the speaker);
9. (used after a verb to indicate the result); (B) [part.] 1. ever since; 2. (used after numerals, 10, 100 etc. to
indicate approximate number); 3. (used after numerals 1, 2, 3, etc. to enumerate reasons)


chlai to come out / to emerge
liz to come from (a place) / to originate from
shngli to come up, (eg. to step up into the bus) / to approach / (verb complement indicating success)
zlishu tap water
chng 109 long (time and distance)
(A) [adj.] long; (B) [n.] 1. length; 2. strong point, forte
zhng 109 to grow / to develop / to come into being / to form / to look like
(A) [adj.] 1. older, elder, senior; 2. eldest, oldest; (B) [n.] chief, head; (C) [v.] 1. grow, develop; 2. come
into being, begin to grow, form; 3. acquire, enhance, increase


zhngd to grow up

wi 18
(A) [v.] 1. do, act; 2. act as, serve as; 3. become; 4. be, mean; (B) [prep.] (used together with su to
indicate a passive structure)
wi 18 for/ for the benefit of / to do / to handle / to act / to be
[prep.] 1. (indicating the object of ones act of service); 2. (indicating an objective)


min 74 noodle
(A) [n.] 1. face; 2. surface, top, cover; 3. side, aspect; 4. (used to form a noun of locality); 5. scale, range;
6. wheat flour, flour; 7. powder; (B) [adv.] personally, directly; (C) [meas.] (for flat and smooth objects)

(T) (for meaning flour, noodles only)

minzi face
shngmian above / over / on the surface of / on top of / above-mentioned / aforesaid
ji 56 home / family / classifier for families or businesses
(A) [n.] 1. family, household; 2. home; 3. a person or family engaged in a certain profession; 4. a specialist
in a certain field; 5. a school of thought, school; (B) (humble expression) (used to address ones senior in
age); (C) [adj.] domestic, tamed; (D) [meas.] (used to count the number of families and enterprises)

dji everyone
drn adult
jirn family / family members
rnji people
yjirn household / the whole family

q 217 air / to be angry
(A) [n.] 1. air, fresh air; 2. gas; 3. breath; 4. smell; 5. airs, manner; 6. spirit, morale; (B) [v.] 1. make
angry, enrage; 2. get angry, be enraged; 3. bully, insult


shngq to be angry / to get angry / to take offence
tinq weather
xioq stingy

q 75
(A) [v.] 1. rise, get up; 2. rise, grow; 3. appear; 4. begin, start; 5. remove, extract; 6. draft; 7. build, set
up; (B) [meas.] 1. case (criminal); 2. batch, group

qli beginning or continuing an action / upward movement / stand up
yq together

go 134 high / tall
[adj.] 1. high, tall; 2. advanced, superior

gozhng high school
zhnggo to grow tall / to grow taller
dng 73 to move
[v.] 1. move, stir; 2. act, get moving; 3. use; 4. change, alter; 5. touch (ones heart), arouse; (used as a
complement after a verb) be moved


gu 20 country
[n.] nation, country, state


chgu to go abroad / to leave the country
guji country
Zhnggu China
zhnggurn Chinese person/people

d 39 to get / to obtain
[v.] 1. get, gain, obtain; 2. be finished, be ready
de 39 (sentence particle used after verb to show effect, degree or possibility)
[part.] 1. (used between a verb or adjective and its complement to indicate result, possibility or degree); 2.
(used after certain verbs to indicate possibility)
di 39 to have to / must / ought to / to need to / should
[v.] 1. need; 2. must, have to; 3. will be sure to

bd must not / may not / not be allowed / cannot
zhngde ... ... to look ... / to appear ... / to have a ... appearance
ki 94 open / to drive
[n.] 1. open; 2. make an opening, open up, reclaim; 3. open out, come loose; 4. lift (a ban, restriction, etc.);
5. start, operate; 6. (of troops, etc.) set out, move; 7. set up, run; 8. begin, start; 9. hold (a meeting,
exhibition, etc.); 10. make a list of, write out; 11. pay (wages, fares, etc.); 12. boil; 13. (used after a verb to
indicate expansion or development)


kixn happy / to be happy

do 52 measure word for meal courses
(A) [n.] 1. road, way, path; 2. line; 3. way, method; 4. doctrine, principle; 5. Taoism; (B) [v.] 1. say,
speak, talk; 2. think, suppose; (C) [meas.] 1. (for anything in the form of a line); 2. (for doors, walls, etc.
(lined up)); 3. (for orders or questions); 4. (for courses of a meal)

xu 66 to study (trans.)
(A) [v.] 1. study, learn; 2. imitate, mimic; (B) [n.] 1. learning, knowledge; 2. subject of study, branch of
learning; 3. school


dxu university
dxushng university student
shng dxu to attend college
shngxu to go to school / to attend school
xioxu primary school
xusheng student
zhngxu high school (middle school whatever that is)
zxu study on ones own, self-study
y 23
(A) [v.] use, take; (B) [prep.] 1. according to; 2. because of; 3. in (eg. end in failure); (C) (indicating
purpose) in order to, so as to; (D) (used together with a word of locality)

ywi to think erroneously

k 30 but
(A) [v.] 1. approve; 2. can, may; 3. need (doing), be worth (doing); (B) [adv.] 1. (used to emphasize the
tone of the speaker); 2. (used to emphasize the tone of an interrogative sentence)

b ky may not / not possible
ky can / may / possible / able to

yng 51 to use
(A) [v.] 1. use, employ, apply; 2. (used in the negative) need; (B) [n.] 1. expenses, outlay; 2. usefulness

byng need not / no need to
yng qlai to use
yuyng to be useful

du 61 much / many / a lot / more than
(A) [adj.] 1. many, much, more; 2. odd, over, more than; 3. much more, far more; too many, too much,
excessive; (B) [adv.] (indicating degree or extent)

b du ... not much ... / not many ..
duchng how long? (time or size)
dud how big / how old
du go how tall
duxio how small
ho 82 good / well / (shows completion of a verb)
(A) [adj.] 1. good, fine, nice; 2. be in good health, get well; 3. friendly, kind; 4. (as a polite formula, eg. n
ho); 5. (used after a verb to indicate the completion of an action); 6. (indicating, praise, approval or
dissatisfaction); (B) [adv.] 1. (used before a verb to indicate that something is easy); 2. (used before
(du), (chng), etc.) a good many; 3. (used before certain adjectives to indicate high degree); 4. (used to
introduce a purpose); (C) [n.] 1. (indicating acclamation); 2. (indicating a greeting)
ho 82
[v.] 1. like, love, be fond of; 2. be liable to

bho no good
dji ho hello everyone
hodu many
hoho properly / well / thoroughly
horn good person
hosh happy occasion / good deed / a good thing
xuho to learn from good examples

h 19 and / together with
(A) [adj.] 1. gentle, mild, kind; 2. harmonious, on good terms; (B) [n.] 1. peace; 2. sum; (C) [v.] draw,
tie; (D) [prep.] (denoting relations, comparison, etc.); (E) and

su 54
(A) [n.] 1. place; 2. institute, office; (B) [meas.] (for buildings); (C) [part.] 1. (used together with wi
or bi to indicate a passive construction); 2. (used before a verb as the agent of the action); 3. (used
before a verb which takes an object)

suy therefore / as a result / consequently / thats why / so
hu 48 after / later / behind
(A) [adv.] 1. behind, at the back; 2. after, afterwards, later; (B) [n.] offspring

[n.] empress, queen

(T) (Traditional character for meaning empress same as Simplified)

humian behind / at the back / later
hutin the day after tomorrow
yhu from now on / in the future / after / later
zhngd hu when you grow up

sh 3 to be
(A) [v.] 1. (use as the verb to be when the predicative is a noun); 2. (used for emphasis when the
predicative is other than a noun); 3. (used to indicate existence); 4. (used to indicate concession); 5.
(placed before a noun to indicate fitness or suitability); 6. (used before a noun to indicate each and every
one of the kind); 7. (pronounced emphatically to indicate certainty); 8. (used in an alternative or negative
question); 9. (used at the beginning of a sentence for the sake of emphasis); 10. (used to answer in the
affirmative) yes, right; (B) [adj.] correct, right

bsh am not / is not / are not
ksh but / however

sh 25 time / when
(A) [n.] 1. time, times, days; 2. fixed time; 3. hour; 4. season; 5. opportunity, chance; 6. tense; (B) [adj.]
current, present; (C) [adv.] 1. occasionally, from time to time; 2. now ... now ..., sometimes ... sometimes ...


xiosh hour
yush sometimes
zho 41
[v.] 1. touch; 2. feel, catch (eg. cold); 3. burn; 4. (used after a verb to indicate accomplishment or result);
5. fall asleep, go to sleep
zhe 41 particle attached after verb to indicate action in progress, like -ing ending
[part.] 1. (indicating an action in progress); 2. (stressing the tone in an imperative sentence); 3. (used after
a verb to form a preposition)


kizhe to be open

gu 46 to cross / to pass (time) / to celebrate (a holiday) / after / to spend
(A) [v.] 1. pass, cross; 2. make sth go through a process; 3. spend (eg. life or time); 4. exceed, go beyond;
(B) (used after the verb as a complement) 1. past, through over; 2. turn (eg. over or round); 3. better than;
(C) [n.] error, fault
guo 46 (experienced action marker)
[part.] 1. (expressing the completion of an action); 2. (indicating completion of action as an experience)

bgu but / however
gulai to come over
gunin to celebrate the New Year
gush out-of-date / obsolete / outmoded / out of fashion / antiquated

shu 24 to speak / to say
(A) [v.] 1. speak, talk, say; 2. explain; 3. scold; (B) [n.] theory, teachings, doctrine


shu chli to speak / to speak up / to speak out
shuho to come to an agreement
le 5 (modal particle intensifying preceding clause) / (completed action marker)
[part.] 1. (used after a verb or adjective to indicate completion of work or change); 2. (modal particle placed
at the end of a sentence to indicate a change); 3. (used at the end of a sentence to show a past event);
4. (used at the end of an imperative sentence to indicate advice)
lio 5
(A) [v.] 1. know, understand; 2. end, solve; (B) (used after a verb as a complement to (d) or (b) to
indicate possibility)

ble no
blio unable to / to be impossible to / without end
du le much more
ho le OK / all done / to be finished / to be ready
ti ho le very good / great
wile for / for the sake of

q 64 to go
(A) [v.] 1. go, leave; 2. remove, get rid of; (B) [adj.] 1. the one before this (eg. last year); (C) 1. (used
after a verb to indicate an action taking place at some distance from the speaker); 2. (used before a verb to
indicate that an action is to take place); 3. (used after a V-O construction to indicate why sb. is away); 4.
(used between a verbal phrase or a prep. construction and a verb or verbal phrase to indicate that
the former is the means while the latter is the end)

chq to go out
ki bu guq can't drive through
ki guq to drive through / to drive across
qnin last year
shngqu to go up / indicates addition

zi 6 at / present / in the process of, in the middle of doing
(A) [v.] 1. exist; 2. (indicating the position of a person or thing); 3. remain; 4. rest with, depend on; (B)
[prep.] (indicating, time, place, condition, scope, etc.); (C) [adv.] (indicating an action in progress);
(D) ( zi and su go together, usually followed by b, thus forming an emphatic expression)

bzi not in / not present
shngzi to be born in (a country)
ziji to be at home
zi ... xi ... due to ...
zi yq to be together
zi ... zhng ... within / while doing / during

mi 72 to not have
(A) [v.] 1. [used to negate yu ] not have, be without; 2. not so ... as; 3. less than; (B) [adv.] 1. [used
to form the negation of a completed action]; 2. [used to form the negation of a past experience]


miho not finished
mirn nobody
mish Its nothing / no problem
miyng to have no use
miyu haven't / hasn't / doesn't exist / to not have / to not be / havent (done)
miyurn nobody / there is nobody
yu miyu do you have? / Are there?

do 22 until / to arrive / (go) to
(A) [v.] 1. arrive, reach; 2. go to, leave for; (B) [adj.] thoughtful, considerate; (C) (used after a verb as a
complement to indicate success); (D) [prep] up until, up to

doji to arrive home
dole arrive / has arrived / when (he has) arrived
lido to come / to arrive
mido have not arrived
yo 26 want / need / to be going to
(A) [adj.] important; (B) [n.] important substance; (C) [v.] 1. need, like to keep; 2. ask, demand; 3.
want, desire; 4. must, have to; 5. be going to; (D) [conj.] 1. if; 2. either ... or ...

yobuyo to want or not
yo ... le ...... will
yosh if / suppose / in the event of
yo shu would like to say / need to say
byo do not / mustnt / do not want

nng 35 can / may / capable / able
(A) [v.] can, be able to; (B) [v.] 1. ability, capability, skill; 2. energy

b knng impossible
bnng cannot
knng might (happen) / possible / probable / possibility / probability
nng bnng Can you or not?

zu 246 to make / to do / to be
[v.] 1. do; 2. make; 3. be, become; 4. celebrate (someones birthday); 5. be used as

zubuho to do badly
zubuli to be unable to do
zuho to finish doing / to do thoroughly
zush to do work / to handle affairs

chng 187 frequently / often
(A) [adj.] 1. ordinary, common, normal; 2. invariable; (B) [adv.] frequently, often

chngyng in common usage
ji 27 already / by that time / as early as / and (just) then / as a result / as
early (soon) as / at once / in that case / just / exactly

(A) [v.] 1. get near to, move towards; 2. undertake, engage in, enter upon; 3. accomplish; 4. accommodate
oneself to, suit, fit; 5. go with (match, suit); (B) [prep.] with regard to, concerning, on; (C) [adv.] 1. at
once, right away; 2. as early as, already; 3. as soon as, right after; 4. (connecting two clauses, the first
being the premise of the second); 5. (inserted in two identical words or phrases, indicating that one is
conceding sth.); 6. (indicating all along, from the start); 7. only, merely, just; exactly, precisely; (D) [conj.]
even if

jish (emphasizes that something is precisely or exactly what is stated) / precisely / just like / to be
jiyo to be about to / to be going to
yosh ... ji ... ...... if ... then ...
y ... ji ... A B as soon as A happens, then B happens

yng 88
(A) [n.] 1. appearance, shape; 2. sample, model, pattern; (B) [meas.] kind, type


b yyng different / unlike / difference
yngzi manner / appearance
yyng same / like / equal to / the same as / just like

g 12 (generic measure word) / units (place value)
[meas.] 1. (the measure word most extensively used esp. before nouns which do not have special measure
words of their own); 2. (used between a verb and its object); 3. (used before a numeral to indicate
approximation); 4. (used between a verb and its complement)

grn personal / individual
gzi height / stature
shngge last / previous
xige next (week, etc.) / second (of two)
xi yge the next one / Next!
ygern by oneself / alone
yu 126 (once) again / another / in addition / also
[adv.] 1. (indicating repetition or continuation); 2. (indicating the simultaneous existence of several
conditions or characteristics); 3. (indicating additional ideas or afterthought); 4. (indicating two
contradictory ideas); 5. (used in negative sentences or rhetorical questions for the sake of emphasis)

yuyo to want again
yu ... yu ... both ... and ...

t 10 he
[pron.] 1. he, him; 2. (any person, either male or female, when no distinction of sex is necessary or
possible); 3. another, other, some other; 4. (used between a verb and a numeral)

de 1 (possess., modifying, or descript. particle) / of
[part.] (A) used after an adjectival 1. (as an attribute used after a noun); 2. (used after a verb as an
attribute); 3. (used after an adjective); 4. (used after a pronoun); 5. (used after a numeral); 6. (used after a
phrase); (B) other situations in which de is used 1. (used between the subject noun and the verb,
functioning similarly to of ; 2. (used between a verb and its object for emphatic purposes; 3. (used
between a personal pronoun and a noun to indicate ones role, or the fact that one is the recipient of the
action); 4. (used after words belonging to the same parts of speech with a function similar to that of and so
on or etc); 5. (attached to a verb, a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective as a nominaliser)
d 1
really and truly

hode OK
mide there are none
shde yes
tde his
yng ... zu de ... made of ...
yu de (there are) some (who are) / (I) have
zude A B A sh B zude = A is made out of B

zh 11 this
[prep.] 1. this; 2. this moment, now


zhge this
zhsh this moment
zhyng like this / such / in this way / this type
zhyngde this kind of
zhyng zu do it in this way

y 31 also
(A) [adv.] 1. also, too, as well; 2. (indicating concession); 3. (indicating resignation); 4. (used together with
lin to indicate emphasis); (B) [part.] [lit.] 1. (indicating judgement or explanation); 2. (indicating doubt
or rhetorical question)

yb neither / nor
y sh am also

hn 138 very, quite
[adv.] very, quite, awfully

hndu very many / very much

wi 131 outside
1. outside; 2. other; 3. foreign, external; 4. (relatives) of ones mothers sisters or daughters; 5. remotely
related; 6. unofficial; 7. besides, in addition, beyond

guwi foreign / abroad / overseas
wigu foreign / from overseas
wigurn foreigner
wimian outside
tng 69
(A) [adj.] same, alike, similar; (B) [v.] be the same as; (C) [adv.] together, in common; (D) [prep.] with;
(E) [conj.] and, as well as

tngsh co-worker
tngxu classmate / fellow student

chng 59
(A) [v.] 1. become, turn into; 2. accomplish, succeed; 3. reach to considerable numbers or amounts

zu 49 to do
[v.] 1. make, write, compose; 2. pretend, affect; 3. regard as

dngzu movement / motion

f 47 to send / to send out / to issue
(A) [v.] 1. send out, issue, dispatch, distribute; 2. utter; 3. come into existence, occur; 4. become, get into
a certain state; 5. feel; (B) [meas.] (for ammunition)
f 47 (pronounced f in Taiwan)
[n.] hair

(T) (f)

(T) (f)

chngf long hair
chf to set out / to leave / to head off
fshng to happen / to occur / to take place

hu 29 be able to / be likely to / will
(A) [v.] 1. get together, assemble; 2. meet, see; 3. can, be able to; 4. be likely to, be sure to; 5. be good at,
be skilful in; (B) [n.] 1. meeting, gathering, party, get-together, conference; 2. association, society, union;
3. chief city, capital; 4. moment, an opportune moment


zh 123
(A) [v.] 1. know, be aware of; 2. inform, notify, tell; (B) [n.] knowledge

b zhdo to not know
zhdo to know / to be aware of
zhdo le understood / OK / got it

du 33 yes, correct / towards / for
(A) [v.] 1. treat; 2. face; 3. compare, check; 4. adjust; 5. bring two things into contact, fit one into the
other; 6. mix, add; 7. answer, reply; 8. suit, agree; (B) [adj.] correct, right; (C) [meas.] pair, couple; (D)
[prep.] to, at, of, toward


bdu incorrect / amiss
dubuq Im sorry
du le Oh, right / by the way
dumin opposite / across from
din 128 (measure word) some / oclock / to light / to order
(A) [n.] 1. drop; 2. dot, spot, speck; 3. point; 4. aspect, feature; (B) [v.] 1. put a dot; 2. touch on briefly;
3. drip; 4. check; check to see that the number is correct; 5. select, chose; 6. hint, point out; 7. light, kindle;
(C); [meas.] 1. a little, some; 2. (used to indicate time)


dinxin dim sum / snacks
ydin a little
ydin y b not in the least / not at all
yudin slightly
yu ydin ... ... to be a little ...

kn 76 to see / to look at
[v.] 1. see, look at, watch; 2. read; 3. think, consider; 4. look upon, regard; 5. treat (a patient or an illness);
6. look after, take care of; 7. call on, visit, see; 8. depend on; 9. (used after a verb in reduplicated form
indicating let sb. try)

hokn good looking / good to watch / a good read
knbuch cant see / cant make out / unable to tell
knbudo to not be able to see
knch to make out / to see / to tell / to discern
kndo to catch sight of / to see
kndech to be able to tell
knkan to take a look at / to watch
kn qlai to look (as though) / to appear (as)
kn shangqu (from the appearance) it seems that / it would appear
kn yi kn to take a look
kn yxi to take a look
qkn to go and see
dng 158 to wait
(A) [n.] grade, class, rank; (B) [adj.] equal; (C) [v.] wait, await;
(D) 1. [pron.] (used after a personal pronoun or a noun to indicate plural number; 2. and so on, etc; 3.
(used to end an enumeration)

dngdng et cetera
dngdeng hold on / wait up
dng yi dng wait for a while
dng yxi wait a moment
zhngdng medium / moderate / middling

xing 99 to want / to miss (someone) / would like / to think about
[v.] 1. think; 2. suppose, reckon; 3. want to; 4. remember with longing, miss

b xing to not want
mixingdo to not realize / surprisingly / unexpectedly
xingbuxing want to or not want to
xingdo to think of / call to mind
xingji to be homesick
xing qlai to remember / to recall
xingyo to want to / to feel like / to desire
xing yi xing to have a think / to think about it

w 9 I / me
[pron.] 1. I, me; 2. we; 3. (used together with n to mean everyone); 4. self

hu 341
(A) [v.] 1. wait, await; 2. inquire after; (B) [n.] 1. time, season; 2. condition, state

de shhu when / at the time of / during / while
qhu climate
shhou time / length of time / moment / period
xio shhou in ones childhood / when one was young
yude shhou sometimes / at times
yushhou sometimes

du 68 all / both
[adv.] 1. all, both; 2. all (referring to causes); 3. already; 4. even
d 68 capital city
[n.] 1. capital; 2. big city

du ky both/all are fine
dosh all
ydin du b not at all / not in the least
ydin du mi havent in the least
y ... du mi ... to not have even one ...

zu 139 most / -est
[adv.] (indicating the superlative degree)

zudu the most (highest number)
zuho best / had better (do)
zuhu finally / last / in the end
hu 410 flower / to spend (money or time)
(A) [n.] 1. flower, blossom, bloom [MW: zh, du, sh]; 2. anything resembling a flower; 3. fireworks; 4.
pattern, design; 5. wound; (B) [adj.] 1. multicoloured, coloured, variegated; 2. (of eyes) blurred, dim; (C)
[v.] spend, expend (money, time)

huki to bloom
hushng peanut

n 38 then / that / if that is the case
(A) [pron.] that; (B) [conj.] then, in that case

hi 80 yet / still / also / in addition to
[adv.] 1. still, yet; 2. even more, still more; 3. also, too, in addition; 4. rather, fairly; 5. even (as in not
even); 6. (used for emphasis); 7. (indicating that something quite unexpected has happened)
hun 80 to return / to repay
[v.] 1. go (or come) back; 2. give back, return, repay; 3. give or do sth in return


hiho OK / (not very good but not very bad either)
hi ky not bad, fine / so so
hi miyu have not yet
hish or / after all / would rather / had better / would be better to / alternatively / still / nevertheless
hiyo still want / still need to
hiyu have more / still have / furthermore / in addition
hiyu yge yet another / the other one
me 63
(suffix) interrogative final particle

nme so / like that / in that way
nme du so much / so many
zhme so much / so / like this
zhme du so many / so much

n 32 you
[pron.] 1. you (2nd person singular); 2. you, one, anyone

nde your
n ho hello / How are you?
n y sh same to you

sn 125 three
[num.] 1. three; 2. more than two, several, many

fn 79 division / fen (money) / minute (time)
(A) [v.] 1. divide, separate, part; 2. distribute, allot, assign; 3. distinguish, tell one from another; (B) [n.] 1.
branch (of an organisation); 2. fraction; 3. point, mark; (C) [meas.] 1. (of time or degree) minute; 2. (of
money) = 1/100 of a yuan; 3. (of weight) = gram; 4. (of area) = 200/3 m2; 5. (of length) = 1/3 cm

dfn to score
gofn high marks / high score
fng 60 rectangular / square / (surname)
(A) [adj.] square; (B) [n.] 1. direction; 2. side, party; 3. method, way; 4. prescription; (C) [adv.] just,
only; (D) [meas.] 1. (for square objects); 2. cubic metre

dfang generous
dfang place
dufng opposition / counterpart / opponent
fngmin area / aspect / facet / issue

r 101 day
(A) [n.] 1. sun; 2. daytime; 3. day; (B) [adv.] daily, every day

ho rzi propitious day / day of celebration
rzi day / (calendar) date
shngr birthday

d 223 to play / to hit, beat / to dial (a phone number) / to type
(A) [v.] 1. strike, hit, beat; 2. break, smash; 3. fight, attack; 4. construct, build; 5. make (in a smithy), forge;
6. knit, weave; 7. make a mark on, draw; 8. tie up; 9. spray, spread; 10. dig, bore; 11. raise, hoist; 12.
send, dispatch; 13. remove, get rid of; 14. draw, fetch; 15. collect, reap; 16. buy; 17. catch, hunt; 18. work
out, draw; 19. do, engage in; 20. play (a sport); 21. (to indicate certain body movements); 22. adopt, use;
23. estimate, reckon; (B) [prep.] from, since
d 223 dozen
[meas.] dozen

dbuki unable to open
dd to take a taxi
dki to open
d le to play

lo 179 old / overcooked / tough
(A) [adj.] 1. old, aged; 2. of long standing, old; 3. outdated; 4. tough, overgrown; (B) [adv.] 1. for a long
time; 2. always (doing sth.); 3. very; (C) [n.] old people; (D) (prefix placed before surnames, ordinal
numbers among brothers and sisters, certain animals and plants)

loji native place / place of origin / hometown
lorn old people / the aged
loshi always / all the time
lowi foreigner
loyngzi same old thing

w 142
[n.] 1. thing, matter; 2. the outside world, other people; 3. content, substance

dngw animal
xiodngw pet (little animal)

sh 282 book
(A) [v.] write; (B) [n.] 1. book [MW: bn, c]; 2. letter; 3. document


hunsh to return books

rn 55
(A) [adj.] 1. right, correct; 2. like that; (B) [conj.] but, however, nevertheless; (C) (suffix of certain
adverbs and adjectives indicating the state of affairs)

rnhu then / after that / afterwards
rnhu ji right after that
r 157 two
(A) [num.] two; (B) [adj.] different

r 36
[conj.] 1. express coordination; 2. (similar to but or yet); 3. (connect cause and effect; aim and means or
action); 4. (indicate change from one state to another)

dng 77
(A) [v.] 1. decide, fix, set; 2. calm down; (B) [adv.] [lit.] surely, certainly, definitely

ydng definitely / surely / must be / certainly
ydng yo must / I insist / must certainly (be)

gu 165
(A) [n.] 1. fruit; 2. result, consequence; (B) [adj.] resolute, determined; (C) [adv.] really, as one

rgu if / in the event that
shugu fruit

qin 93 ahead / in front / to the front / before / ago
(A) [n.] 1. front; (B) [adv.] 1. forward, ahead; 2. ago, before; (C) [adj.] 1. preceding; 2. former; 3. first,
front; (D) [v.] go forward, go ahead

qinmian to the front / in the front
qintin the day before yesterday
yqin before / previously / former / prior to
jin 135 measure word for a room / room
(A) (indicating a connection or relationship); (B) (indicating a time or space within the given limits); (C)
[n.] room; (D) [meas.] (for rooms, etc.)


duchng shjin how long (time)?
mi shjin to not have time
shjin time / period
yu shjin to have time / to be free

dng 71 to be / to become (father, doctor, etc) / to act as / to serve as
(A) [v.] 1. work as, serve as; 2. bear, accept, deserve; 3. manage, be in charge of; 4. should, ought to; 5.
equal; (B) [prep.] 1. in sbs presence, to sbs face; 2. just at (a certain time or place


dngrn of course / without doubt / naturally
dngrn ky yes, of course
dngxn to take care / to be careful

sh 112 ten
(A) [num.] ten; (B) [adj.] topmost

jio 387 to be named/called
(A) [v.] 1. cry, shout; 2. call, greet; 3. hire, order; 4. name, call, be called; 5. ask, advise; (B) [prep.] (used
to introduce a passive construction

djio to shout loudly

yn 96
(A) [prep.] 1. on the basis of, in the light of; 2. because of, as a result of; (B) [n.] cause, reason

ynwi because

cng 98 from
(A) [prep.] (used to indicate the starting point) from, pass by; (B) [adv.] ever (equivalent to cngli when
used before a negative word); (C) [v.] 1. follow, obey, adopt; 2. join (enlist); (D) [n.] 1. follower,
attendant; 2. secondary, accessory


cngb never
cng ... do ... ...... from ... to ...
cngli always / at all times / never (if used in negative sentence)
cngli b never
cngli miyu to have never before
cngqin in the past
xin 70
(A) [adj.] 1. now, present, current, existing; 2. (of money) on hand; (B) [v.] appear, reveal


chxin to appear / to arise / to emerge / to occur / to materialise
fxin to discover
xinzi now
xinzi ji right now

xing 294 (look) like / similar (to) / to appear / to resemble
(A) [n.] portrait, picture; (B) [v.] 1. be like, resemble; 2. look as if, seem; 3. like, such as

hoxing as if / to seem like / to seem as if
xingxing to have a think about it / recall... / to imagine
xingxing de the way something is imagined / the minds picture

zhng 57 type / kind / sort / species
(A) [n.] 1. seed; 2. breed, strain; 3. species; 4. race; (B) [meas.] kind, type, sort


duzhng many kinds of
yzhng one kind of
zhzhng this kind of
l 50 inside
(A) [n] 1. neighbourhood; 2. [lit.] home town, native place; (B) [meas.] li, a Chinese unit of length = 1/2
km; (surname)
li 50
1. in, inside; 2. (used after (zh), (n) and (n) to indicate direction of place)

(T) (the Traditional character for the meaning unit of length is the same as Simplified)

jil at home
lmin amongst / inside
nl there
xnl in ones heart and mind
xnl yush to have something on ones mind
zi zhl here
zhl here

men 13 plural for personal pronouns
1. (used after a personal pronoun or a noun to show plural number); 2. (is NOT used when the pronoun or
noun is preceded by a numeral or an intensifier)


nmen you (plural)
nmende your (plural)
tmen they
tmen they (female)
tmen they (non-human)
wmen we
y 104
[n.] 1. meaning, idea; 2. wish, desire, intention; 3. expectation; 4. hint, trace, suggestion

shngyi business
shngyrn businessman
tngy to agree / to approve

hu 172 to return / measure word for actions or matters
(A) [v.] 1. return, go back; 2. turn around; 3. answer, reply; (B) [meas.] 1. chapter; 2. (used to indicate
frequency of action)

hugu to return to one's home country
huji to go home
huli to return / to come back
hu loji to return to ones native region
huq to return / to go back

xi 86 (measure word) some / several / a few
[meas.] 1. some; 2. a little, a bit

nxi those
yxi some / a few / a number of
zhxi these

l 106
(A) [n.] 1. power, strength, ability; 2. force; 3. physical strength; (B) [adv.] do all one can, make every

lqi strength
nngl skill / ability
yngl to use force
gng 115
(A) [n.] official business; (B) [adj.] 1. public, state-owned; 2. fair, just; 3. metric; 4. male (animal); (C)
[v.] make public

gngl kilometre
logng husband (informal)

shu 143 hand
(A) [n.] 1. hand [MW: shung, zh]; 2. a person doing (or good at) at certain job; (B) [v.] have in ones
hand, hold; (C) [adj.] handy, convenient; (D) [meas.] (for skill or proficiency)

dngshu to start work
fnshu to break up (a relationship)
shul in ones hand

x 167 west
[n.] west

ch 361 car / vehicle
(A) [n. MW: ling] 1. vehicle; 2. wheeled machine or instrument; 3. machine; (B) [v.] 1. lathe, turn; 2.
lift water by waterwheel


chl in the car
chshng on the bus
chzi car
dngch to wait for the bus
dngch high speed train, an extremely fast train line
kich to drive a car
shngch to get on (bus, train) / to get in (car)
xich to get off or out of a car or vehicle
mng 121 (persons name)
(A) [adj.] 1. bright, brilliant; 2. clear, distinct; 3. open, overt, explicit; 4. sharp-eyed, clear-sighted; next;
(B) [n.] sight; (C) [v.] know, understand

mngnin next year
mngtin tomorrow

qng 120
[n.] 1. feelings, affection, sentiment; 2. favour, kindness; 3. situation, condition

mi xnqng to not be in the mood
shqing affair / matter / thing
xnqng mood / frame of mind

tu 147 head; measure word for pigs or livestock
(A) [n.] 1. head [MW: g]; 2. hair or hair style; 3. top, end; 4. beginning or end; 5. remnant, end; 6. chief,
head; 7. side, aspect; (B) [adj.] 1. first (eg. first-class); 2. leading; 3. (used before a numeral) first;
(C) [meas.] 1. (for domestic animals); 2. (for garlic)
tou 147
1. (a suffix placed at the end of a noun, verb or adjective); 2. (at the end of nouns of locality)


dintu to nod one's head
lotu old man
tufa hair (on head)
jin 153 to see / to meet
(A) [v.] 1. see, catch sight of; 2. meet with, be exposed to; 3. show evidence of, appear to be; 4. refer to,
see, vide; 5. meet, call on, see; (B) [n.] view, opinion


bjin missing / not see / not meet
bjin le to disappear / to be missing
jindo to see / to meet
jinmin to meet (in person) / to see
knbujin unable to be seen
knjin to see / to catch sight of
mijin to have not seen
mngtin jin see you tomorrow

zu 207 to walk / to go / to leave
[v.] 1. walk, go; 2. move; 3. leave, depart; 4. pay a visit to; 5. leak, leak out, let out; 6. depart from the

zuho to take care
zuki to go away
zu yi zu to walk around / to walk for a while
zuzou to take a walk / to go for a stroll

dng 194 east / (persons name)
[n.] 1. east; 2. master, owner; 3. host


dngxi thing
jng 62
(A) [n.] 1. warp (of textile); 2. longitude; 3. scripture, classics; (B) [v.] 1. pass through, undergo; 2.
manage, deal in; 3. stand, endure; (C) [prep.] after, as a result of


jngchng often / frequently / regularly

hu 170 language / speech / words / what was said
(A) [n.] word, remark [MW: j]; (B) [v.] talk about, speak about


dehu if
duhu dialogue
shuhu to speak / to talk

l 619
(A) [adj.] happy, cheerful, joyful; (B) [v.] 1. be glad to, find pleasure in, enjoy; 2. laugh, be amused; (C)
[n.] joy
yu 619
[n.] music; (surname)


kl cola
b 199 to compare / compared to / more than
(A) [v.] 1. compare, emulate; 2. as ... as, compare to; 3. make a gesture; 4. copy, model after; (B) [prep.]
1. [indicating difference in manner or degree by comparison]; 2. [indicating difference in quantity];
[indicating the different scores won by two contestants or contesting teams]

br for example / such as

b 110 b [n.] [v.] = do [v] to the [n] / (MW for chairs, knives)
(A) [v.] 1. hold, grasp, grip; 2. hold (a baby while it relieves itself); 3. control, monopolize, dominate; 4.
guard, watch; (B) [n.] 1. handle (pushcart, etc.); 2. bundle, bunch; (C) [meas.] 1. for an instrument with a
handle; 2. for a handful of something; 3. used with certain abstract nouns; 4. used to indicate an offer to
lend sb. a hand; 5. about, or so; (D) [prep.] (The usage of b often causes inversion with the object placed
before the verb)

t 149
(A) [n.] 1. body, part of the body; 2. substance; 3. style, form; (B) [v.] personally experience sth., put
oneself in anothers position


ling 133 two / both
(A) [num.] 1. two; 2. both (sides); 3. a few, some; (B) [meas.] Chinese traditional unit of weight = 1/20 kg


linggern as a pair / together
yling one or two
kui 366 fast / quick
(A) [adj.] 1. fast, quick, rapid; 2. quick-witted, ingenious; 3. sharp; 4. straightforward; 5. pleased, happy,
gratified; (B) [v.] hurry up, make haste; (C) [adv.] soon, before long

kui do arrive soon
kui din hurry up
kui ji ... ... almost ... / soon ... / already ...
kuil happy
kuiyo almost, nearly
shngr kuil happy birthday

zhng 129
(A) [adj.] 1. straight, upright; 2. situated in the middle, main; 3. (of time) punctual, sharp; 4. obverse, right;
5. honest, upright; 6. appropriate, right; 7. (of colour or flavour) pure, right; 8. principal, chief; 9. positive,
plus; (B) [v.] rectify, correct, set right; (C) [adv.] 1. just, right, precisely, exactly; 2. (indicating an action
in progress)

zhngchng normal / ordinary / regular / natural
zhngho just right
zhng shu forehand
zhngzi in the process of doing / right now

ci 235 only then
[adv.] 1. (used before a verb to indicate that sth. has just happened or is rather late by general standards);
2. (used in the main clause of a complex sentence to indicate that the condition stated in the subordinate
clause is a prerequisite); 3. (used before a phrase to indicate that the number is small) only; 4. (used for

[n.] 1. ability, talent, gift; 2. people of a certain type

ti 240 too
(A) [adj.] 1. highest, greatest, remotest; 2. more or most senior; (B) [adv.] 1. excessively, too, over; 2.
extremely; 3. (used in negative sentences) very

bti not so
lo titai old woman
ti ho le very good / great
titi Mrs / wife

ch 475 to eat
[v.] 1. eat, take (eg. medicine); 2. eat at (eg. a restaurant); 3. live on (a food or source of food); 4. wipe out;
5. exhaust, be a strain; 6. absorb, soak up; 7. suffer, incur

chchi kn taste it and see
chho finished eating / to enjoy a meal
ch qlai ... ... to eat
hoch delicious / tasty
xioch snack

zhn 204
(A) [adj.] 1. true, real, genuine; 2. clearly, unmistakably; (B) [adv.] really, truly, indeed

zhnde really
zhnsh ... really / truly / (used to indicate displeasure or annoyance)

gi 180 to give / for (sb.)
(A) [v.] 1. give; 2. let, allow; (B) [prep.] 1. (used immediately after a verb to indicate the handing over of
certain things) give; 2. (introducing the object of ones service) for, to; 3. (as a passive indicator, as
bi); (C) [part.] (used before the main verb of the sentence, often concurrently with (b), (jio) or
(rng) for emphasis)


hungi to return sth. to sb.
d 114
(prefix before a number, for ordering numbers, e.g. "first", "number two", etc)

dr second
dy first

ju 327
(A) [v.] 1. feel; 2. wake (up); 3. become aware, become awakened; (B) [n.] sense
jio 327
[n.] sleep


jude to think, feel, believe

zh 97 measure word for animals
[meas.] 1. (for one of a pair); 2. (for certain animals, boats or containers)
zh 97 only
[adv.] only, merely

(T) (for zh only Traditional character for zh is same as Simplified)

zhnng can only / to have no other choice but to / is only able to
zhyo ... ... as long as ... / provided...
zhyo ... ji ... ... ... as long as ... then ...
zhyu to only have / to only be
mi 359 each / every
(A) [pron.] each, every; (B) [adv.] every time, whenever

mige every / each
migern everyone
minin every year
mitin every day

shn 259 mountain
[n.] 1. mountain, hill; [MW: zu]; 2. anything resembling a mountain

dshn big mountain
shnd mountainous region / hilly country
Zhngshn city in Guangdong

bi 286 white
(A) [adj.] 1. snow-white; 2. clear, made clear; 3. pure, plain, blank; (B) [adv.] 1. in vain; to no effect; 2.
free of charge, gratis; (C) [n.] 1. White (as a symbol of reaction); spoken part in opera, etc; (D) [v.] state,

bikishu plain boiled water
bitin daytime / during the day
mngbai to understand / to realise
r 192
(A) [n.] 1. son; 2. child; 3. youngster, youth
er 192
non-syllabic diminutive suffix


rzi son
dnghur wait a second
dng yhur wait a moment
dinr a little
gu yhur after a while
kui dinr hurry up
mishr Its nothing / no problem
shr matter
ydinr du mi havent in the least
ydinr y b not in the least / not at all
yhur a while / a moment
yhur ji soon
yudinr slightly
yushr to have a matter / there is something / to be busy
yu ydinr ... ... to be a little ...
zhr here

shng 195 sound / voice / noise / tone
(A) [n.] 1. sound, voice; 2. tone; 3. reputation; (B) [v.] make a sound; (C) [meas.] (for frequency of


dshng load / loudly
dshng ydin a little louder
dsn shng 3rd tone
xioshng in a low voice / whispering
bn 92 (measure word) for books
(A) [n.] 1. the root or stem of a plant; 2. foundation, basis, origin; 3. capital, principal; 4. book; 5. edition,
version; (B) [adj.] 1. original; 2. ones own; 3. this, current, present; (C) [prep.] according to, based on;
(D) [meas.] for books, albums, etc.

Rbn Japan

mi 151 beautiful
[adj.] 1. pretty, beautiful; 2. very satisfactory, good

migu USA
migurn American person

di 342 to carry / to bring / to take / to wear / to come with
(A) [n.] 1. belt, girdle, ribbon, band, tape; 2. tyre; 3. zone, area, belt; (B) [v.] 1. take, bring, carry; 2.
(suggesting doing something at an opportune moment); 3. bear, have, with; 4. lead, head; look after, bring
up, raise


di chq to take out
dizu to take-away (food)

jn 81 enter, come in (with sense of to advance)
(A) [v.] 1. advance, move forward, move ahead; 2. enter, come or go into; 3. receive; 4. eat, drink, take; 5.
submit, present; 6. (used after a verb) into, in; (B) [n.] any of the several rows of houses within an old-
style residential compound


jnli to come in
jnq to enter
wi 182 (measure word for persons) / place / seat
(A) [n.] 1. place, location; 2. position; 3. throne; (B) [num.] place, figure, digit; (C) [meas.] (polite form
for people)

nwi that (person)
wizi place / seat
zhwi this person

sh 119
(A) [v.] 1. send, tell sb. to do sth.; 2. use, employ, apply; 3. make, cause, enable; (B) [n.] envoy, messenger

shyng to use

zh 44
(A) [prep.] 1. (used as object); 2. (without actual reference); (B) [part.] (used to connect the modifier and
the word modified)

zhqin before

xng 53 all right / OK / will do / to suffice / to carry out / competent
(A) [v.] 1. walk, travel; 2. prevail; 3. do, carry out; 4. be all right; (B) [n.] 1. trip; 2. behaviour; (C) [adj.]
capable, competent
hng 53
(A) [n.] 1. line, row; 2. trade, profession, line of business; 3. business firm; (B) [v.] (of brothers and sisters)
list according to seniority; (C) [meas.] (for anything forming a line)

bxng It wont do / to be no good
hi xng acceptable / all right
jixng that will be OK / then it will be OK
xng le all right / OK / that will do
xngwi conduct / behaviour
y xng ... ... is also OK
zxngch bicycle
f 65
[n.] 1. law; 2. method, way

Fgu France
Fgurn French person
knf way of looking at a thing / point of view / opinion
shf calligraphy / penmanship
xingf idea / thought / way (of doing something) / what one is thinking / opinion
zuf way (of handling) / method

c 183 time / occurrence / number (of times)
(A) [n.] order, sequence; (B) [adj.] 1. second, next; 2. second rate, inferior; (C) [meas.] number (of times)

d y c the first time
mic every time
mi yc every time
shngc last time
xic next time
xi yc next time
yc once
zhc present / now / current / this time

d 816
[n.] younger brother

ddi younger brother
xi 448 to write
[v.] write


xiho to finish writing
xiz to write characters / to write

gn 541 to follow, go with / with / and
(A) [v.] follow; (B) [n.] heel; (C) [prep.] 1. (denoting the same function as that of (h), (tng))
with; 2. to, towards (as (xing), (du) )

s 304
[n.] 1. colour; 2. look, countenance, expression; 3. kind, description; 4. scene, scenery; 5. womans pretty looks
shi 304
[n.] [coll.] colour

bis white
shizi dice
din 230
(A) [n.] electricity; (B) [v.] give or get an electric shock


d dinhu to dial a telephone / make a phone call
dinhu telephone
dinz electronic
hu dinhu to return a phone call
midin to be out of power / dead (battery) / discharged

z 393 character
[n.] 1. character, word [MW: g]; 2. form of a written or printed character; 3. calligraphy; 4. name

xiz to write characters / to write

y 40
[prep.] 1. (similar to zi); 2. (similar to gi); 3. (similar to du or duy); 4. (similar to cng)

bio 177
(A) [n.] 1. surface, outside, external; 2. model, example; 3. table, form, list; 4. metre, gauge; 5. watch; 6. the
relationship between the children or grandchildren of a brother and a sister, or of sisters; 7. memorial to an
emperor; (B) [v.] show, express


bioxin performance (at work etc)
shubio wristwatch
i 394 love
[v.] 1. love; 2. like, be fond of; 3. be apt to, be in the habit of


iho hobby / interest
iqng romance
ishng to fall in love with / to be in love with
ki cute
xni beloved

wn 137 to ask
[v.] 1. ask, inquire; 2. ask after, inquire after; 3. interrogate, cross-examine; 4. hold responsible


wnwen to ask

qin 603 money
(A) [n.] money [MW: kui, fn, mo]; (B) [meas.] qian, a unit of weight = 5 grams


huqin to spend money
miqin to not have money
yuqin to be rich / to have money
bin 316
[n.] 1. side; 2. border (as an ornament); 3. frontier, border; 4. limit, bound; 5. close by (an object); [suffix
of a noun of locality]

nbin over there
qinbin ahead / in front
ybin ... ybin ... .... while ....
zhbin here

tng 285 to listen / to hear
[v.] 1. listen, hear; 2. heed, have a receptive ear for; 3. allow, let

hotng nice sounding / pleasant to the ear
tngbujin to be unable to hear
tngdo to hear
tngdejin to be able to hear
tnghu to be obedient
tngjin to hear / to catch what is said
tngl listening comprehension / hearing
tng qli sounds like
tngshu to have heard stated
tngtng to listen

zi 242 again
[adv.] 1. again, once more; 2. (to a greater extent or degree); 3. (indicating continuation of time or action);
4. (indicating that one action takes place after the completion of another); 5. (indicating additional
information); 6. continue, return

... zi ... A B first do A, then (but not until A is done) do B
zijin goodbye
zili come again / do it again / bring it on again
zi li ... ... bring another ...
wn 301 to finish / to be over / to complete
(A) [adj.] intact, whole; (B) [v.] 1. run out, use up; 2. finish; 3. pay

chwn to finish eating
knwn to finish reading / to read
wn le Im done / Im finished / Its over for me
yngwn to use up / used up / finished
zuwn to finish doing / to complete the task

j 211 how many / how much
[num.] 1. how many; 2. a few, several, some


dj which? (first, second, third, etc.)
hoj several / quite a few
jdin at what time?
jge a few / several / how many
jwi how many people?
jzhng several types
qin jtin a few days ago / the other day
shj 10-plus / more than 10
zh j nin these past few years
zh j tin these last few days / recently

dn 95 but
[conj.] but, yet, nevertheless

dnsh but / however
mng 203 place (in a contest) / measure word for people
(A) [n.] 1. name; 2. fame, reputation; (B) [adj.] well-known, famous, celebrated; (C) [meas.] (for persons)

mngzi name
yumng to be famous / well-known

shn 164
(A) [n.] 1. body; 2. life; 3. oneself, personally; 4. the main part of a structure, body; (B) [meas.] (for clothing) suit

du shnt for ones health
shngo (a persons) height
shnt human body / health

fng 348 wind
[n.] 1. wind, draft; 2. style, practice, custom; 3. scene, view; 4. news, information


dfng gale / strong wind

yu 169 month / moon
[n.] 1. the moon; 2. month; [MW: g]

shng ge yu last month
shyu October
xige yu next month
qun 124
(A) [adj.] 1. whole, entire; 2. complete; 3. perfect, intact; (B) [adv.] completely, entirely

qunchng overall length / span
qunji entire family
wnqun totally / entirely / wholly / completely

fng 291 to release / to let go / to let out / to put / to place / to add (a spice, etc.)
[v.] 1. put, place; 2. let go, set free, release; 3. let oneself go, give way to; 4. give off; 5. shoot; 6. let off
(fireworks); 7. blossom, open; 8. put out to pasture; 9. lay aside; 10. expand; 11. readjust to a certain
extent; 12. show, play (film, radio, etc.)

dufng add extra (of a spice, etc.)
fng shngq to place on
fngxn Relax / Don't worry / to set ones mind at rest / to be at ease / to trust someone

l 305 road, path; (bus) number
[n.] 1. road, path, way [MW: tio]; 2. journey, distance; 3. way, means; 4. sequence, line, logic; 5. route;
6. sort, grade, class

gngl public road
huji lshang on the way home
lbin curb / roadside
lshang on the road (traveling) / on the way / en route
yl the whole journey / all the way
zul to walk / by foot
bi 222 dont
(A) [n.] difference, distinction; (B) [v.] 1. leave; 2. differentiate, distinguish; 3. fasten with a pin or clip; 4.
stick in; (C) [adj.] other, another; (D) [adv.] 1. dont; 2. (used with sh to express difference)

bide other
birn other people / someone else

y 117
(A) [v.] stop, cease, end; (B) [adv.] already

yjng already / anymore
yjng mi to no longer have

xing 152
(A) [adv.] 1. each other, mutually; 2. (indicating how one party behaves towards the other); (B) [v.] see for oneself

shn 156

hiyu shnme ... de ... what else is ...
mi shnme its nothing / never mind
shnme what
shnme de and so on / or something
shnme dfng where? / what place?
shnme ... du ... every ...
shnme du everything
shnme sh what? / which?
shnme shhou when?
shnmeyng what kind?
shnme y anything (in negative sentences)
shnme zu how is it made?
wishnme Why
zo 462 morning / early
(A) [n.] morning; (B) [adj.] 1. long ago, as early as, for a long time; 2. early; (C) [polite] good morning

dji zo good morning everyone
zodin(r) () earlier
zoji earlier / at an earlier time / long since / a long time ago
zoshang morning
zoshang ho good morning
zuzo earliest

wn 148
(A) [n.] 1. character, script, writing; 2. language; 3. literary composition, writing; 4. literary language; 5. culture; (B)
[adj.] 1. civilian, civil; 2. gentle, refined; (C) [v.] cover up, whitewash; (D) [meas.] (for coins in the old days)

Rwn Japanese (language)
Zhngwn Chinese (language)

h 171 group
[v.] 1. close, shut; 2. join, combine; 3. suit, agree; 4. be equal to, add up to

zhng 140 heavy / hard
(A) [adj.] 1. heavy; 2. important; 3. serious; (B) [n.] weight; (C) [v.] regard as important
chng 140
(A) [adv.] over again; (B) [v.] repeat; (C) [meas.] layer

duzhng how heavy?
zhngyo important
zu zhngyo the most important
l 89 to pay attention to (especially in the negative)
(A) [n.] 1. texture, grain (in wood, skin, etc.); 2. reason, logic, truth; 3. natural science, esp. physics; (B) [v.]
1. manage, run; 2. put in order, tidy up; 3. (often used in negative sentences) pay attention to, acknowledge

b l to ignore / to refuse to acknowledge / to pay no attention to
jngl manager, director
lfa hairdressing
lxing dreams / ideals

x 668
(A) [adj.] happy, pleased; (B) [v.] like, be fond of; (C) [n.] 1. happiness, happy event; 2. pregnancy

hu 160 or
(A) [adv.] perhaps, maybe, probably; (B) [conj.] or; either ... or ...

gng 118
[n.] 1. worker, workman, the working class; 2. work, labour; 3. (construction) project; 4. industry; 5. man-day

gngzu work / a job
gngzu shjin working time

s 226 four
[num.] four

bi 154 (marker for passive voice) by
(A) [n.] quilt; (B) [prep.] introducing the agent in a passive sentence; (C) [part.] used before a notional
verb to indicate that the subject is the receiver

bizi blanket

m 750
[n.] 1. mummy, mum, mother; 2. a form of address for a married woman one generation ones senior


mma mommy

b 1050
[n.] father, dad, pa

bba daddy
bm parents

b 84 measure word for movies
(A) [n.] 1. part, section; unit, ministry, department, board; 3. headquarters; 4. [lit.] command; (B)
[meas.] (for works of literature, films, machines)