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Isometric Figures

Terminology:

1. All corresponding angles are congruent.

2. All corresponding sides are congruent.

Congruent: having the same measure.

Hypothesis: an educated guess.

Conjecture: a statement of position.

Theorem: any conjecture that has been proven.

Adjacent: beside.

Complementary: add to 90° .

Supplementary: add to 180° .

Axiom: something obvious that can be taken for granted without explanation.

EX: - A whole is equal to the sum of its parts.

- The shortest distance between two points is a straight line.

Transverse: to cross over.

Symbols

//: Parallel

⊥ : Perpendicular

≅ : Congruent to

Angle Theorems:

1) Vertically opposite angles are congruent.

D ∠ABC ≅ ∠DCE

A

≅ : Congruent to

C

E

B

64

Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault

Westwood High School Grade 9 Student

2) Corresponding angles are congruent when parallel lines are crossed by a transversal.

E

A B AB // CD

∠GEB ≅ ∠EFD

//: Parallel

C F

D

3) Alternate-interior angles are congruent when parallel lines are crossed by a transversal.

C

B

A D AC // EH

∠ABC ≅ ∠HFG

F

E H

transversal.

C

AC // EH

A D

B ∠ABC ≅ ∠BFH

F

E H

65

Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault

Westwood High School Grade 9 Student

EX:

A

4

B

AB // CD

6 8 3

5 7 2 D

C

9 (75) 1 (65)

ASSERTIONS JUSTIFICATIONS

m∠2 = 115° Supplementary to ∠1

m∠3 = 65° Corresponding to ∠1

m∠4 = 65° Alternate-exterior to ∠1

m∠5 = 75° Vertically opposite to ∠9

m∠6 = 75° Alternate-interior to ∠5

m∠7 = 65° Vertically opposite to ∠1

m∠8 = 40° Supplementary to ∠5 and ∠7

m∠9 = 75° Given

66

Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault

Westwood High School Grade 9 Student

TRIANGLE THEOREMS

2

1 3

2) In a 30°,60°,90° triangle, the side opposite the 30° angle measures half of the

hypotenuse.

x 60° x

2

30°

EX. 1:

Hypotenuse = 10

5 60° x

30°

EX. 2:

4 60° 8

30°

x 67

Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault

Westwood High School Grade 9 Student

a2 + b2 = c2

x 2 + 42 = 82

x 2 = 48

x = 6 .9

EX. 3:

a2 + b2 = c2

4 2 + x 2 = (2 x )

2

2x

60°

x 16 + x 2 = 4 x 2

30° 16 = 3 x 2

4 3

16 = x 2

3

2.31 = x

EX. 4:

x = 60°

30° 24

x

12

68

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