BLENDING SYSTEMS FOR THE MARKETING

OF REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
The introduction of biofuels into the mainstream fuels market
business has generated the need for a significant investment
in the appropriate technology and processes to ensure that
the product reaching the end consumer is of the right quality
and can be produced repeatedly without the need for
additional quality controls.
FMC Technologies blending system modules are based on
the experience and quality of the Smith Meter brand. These
modules, created for the International Markets including the
European Market, have been designed to fulfill internal and
logistical requirements and to comply with all Weights &
Measures requirements.
Of all available blending methods, ratio blending has become
the industries main blending method because of the most
constant blend quality even at interrupted operations.
BENEFITS
» Each standard skid supports up to four 2" blend
streams; more streams are optional
» The standard blend rates are 2% to 25% at a typical
loading of 2,400 L/min
» Pre-configured and pretested at the factory
» Minimum footprint is suitable for new and upgrade
installations
» Support for Ratio Blending, Side Stream Blending
and Wild Stream Blending
» Options for individual configurations
» Full factory flow and functionality testing providing
fault-free start up
» Comes with all approvals and certificates
» ISO certified production
We put you first.
And keep you ahead.
SALES BULLETIN MEASUREMENT SOLUTIONS
Smith Meter® Blending Systems
2
Ratio
Blending
Setup
Outlet Blended Product
Centralized Inlet
Bio Component Inlet Main Product
Ratio Blending
Ratio blending refers to the mixing of the main fuel stream
and the bio component stream in the correct ratio, where
the main fuel stream is considered a variable flow and the
bio component flow must be controlled in the correct ratio.
Typically the term ratio blending is used where the biostream
is mixed with the main fuel stream “downstream” of the main
fuel meter and managed with one electronic controller device
managing all flow control valves. With this blending method
the blending stream is considered as part of custody transfer
metering. The main advantage for ratio stream blending is
that all final product components are individually and
accurately measured, thus enabling correct inventory
reconciliation providing the most accurate final custody
transfer volume information. A typical application is
Ethanol blending.
Wild Stream Blending
If the blending component stream is “separately controlled”
from the main fuel stream, then it is often called “wild
stream” blending, where the main fuel flow stream is the
wild stream (uncontrolled stream) and the blend component
is controlled as a percentage of the main stream and blended
typically upstream (alternatively downstream) of the main
stream flowmeter.
PSV
2
DBBV
4
DBBV
4
FCV
15
TT
5
BV
3
BV
3
BV
3
FCV
7
FQI
6
BV
3
BV
3
FQI
6
FCV
7
BV
3
4" Inlet
Biofuel
P P
Outlet
Connection
for Calibration Prover
Meter Run Line 4
Blending
Skid
Optional
Loading Skid
Extension
2" 2"
2"
2"
2"
2" 2"
4"
3"
3"
3"
4"/3"
4"/3"
Inlet Connection
for Calibration
MTR
MTR
Drain
1 1/2"
Vent
1 1/2"
NPT
Drain
3/4" NPT
STR
Meter Run Line 3
Line 1
2"
Skid
Drain
1 1/2"
4" Inlet Main
Product
BV
13
F
8
PSV
2
Drain
1 1/2" NPT
APS
Vent
3/4"
NPT
4"
MTR
3/4" NPT
Connection
Additive
System
FQI
9
FEJCSRA
11
AL III Q
TT
5
FCV
10
4"
CV
14
CV
12
2"
Outlet
4"
RATIO BLENDING – P&ID SCHEMATIC EXAMPLE
3
Side Stream
Blending
Setup
Outlet Blended Product
Side Stream Blending
Side stream blending is an alternative term for ratio blend-
ing, but where the blend stream is mixed with the main fuel
upstream of the main fuel meter. The blend meter is managed
by the main stream electronic controller device. To ensure the
accuracy of the blend, this blending method has blend stream
accuracy requirements which are equivalent to the premium
level of the main stream custody transfer metering. The main
advantage for side stream blending is that typically the side
stream is legally not considered as custody transfer. A typical
application is biodiesel blending.
Wild Stream Blending
Setup with its own
Controller
SIDE STREAM BLENDING – P&ID SCHEMATIC EXAMPLE
PSV
2
DBBV
4
DBBV
4
FCV
15
TT
5
BV
3
BV
3
BV
3
FCV
7
FQI
6
BV
3
BV
3
FQI
6
FCV
7
BV
3
4" Inlet
Biofuel
P P
Outlet
Connection
for Calibration Prover
Meter Run Line 4
Blending
Skid
Optional
Loading Skid
Extension
2" 2"
2"
2"
2"
2" 2"
4"
3"
3"
3"
4"/3"
4"/3"
Inlet Connection
for Calibration
MTR
MTR
Drain
1 1/2"
Vent
1 1/2"
NPT
Drain
3/4" NPT
STR
Meter Run Line 3
Line 1
2"
Skid
Drain
1 1/2"
4" Inlet Main Product
F
8
PSV
2
Drain
1 1/2" NPT
APS
Vent
3/4"
NPT
4"
MTR
3/4" NPT
Connection
Additive
System
FQI
9
FEJCSRA
11
AL III Q
TT
5
FCV
10
4"
Outlet 4"
CV
12
CV
14
BV
3
2"
4"
www.fmctechnologies.com/measurementsolutions
© 2013 FMC Technologies. All rights reserved. SBSM007A7E Issue/Rev. 0.1 (3/13)
FMC Technologies
Measurement Solutions, Inc.
500 North Sam Houston Parkway West,
Suite 100
Houston, Texas 77067 USA
P:+1 281.260.2190
Germany Operation
Smith Meter GmbH
Regentstrasse 1
25474 Ellerbek, Germany
P:+49 4101.304.0
We put you first.
And keep you ahead.
Configuration Samples for
Blending Skids
BLENDING SKIDS WITHOUT PROVING CONNECTION, CENTRALIZED INLET
BLENDING SKIDS ADDITIONALLY WITH CENTRALIZED PROVING CONNECTION
Air Vent Device
Strainer
Ball Valve
Inlet 4" or DN100
PT100
Extension No. 4
Extension
No. 2
Drain ANSI
B16.5 1 1/2"
- 150lb
Ball Valve
Extension No. 3
Frame
Stainless Steel
Wide Range Meter
Type Genesis
Isolation Valve
Flow Control Valve
Ball Valve
Outlet 2" or DN50
AC & DC Junction Boxes
Prover Return Connection
for Calibration
Double Block
& Bleed Valve
Prover Inlet Connection
for Calibration
For calibration with master meter or SVP.

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