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Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault

Westwood High School Grade 9 Student

Functions
Constant Function:
Rule: y = c
c = constant number
y

NOT A FUNCTION:
y

Linear Function:

Direct Variation (goes straight through 0, 0)


Rule: y = ax

Partial Variation
Rule: y = ax + b

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Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault
Westwood High School Grade 9 Student
X: independent variable
Y: dependent variable
“y depends on x”

a: rate of change/slope
b: “y” intersect/initial value

STEPS:
1. Find independent & dependent variable.
2. Make a table of values (don’t forget to label).
3. Fill in the table with numbers.
4. Plot the coordinates on the graph (label the graph).
5. Find the rule.

EX. 1:
You make $10.00 an hour. Find the relation between paycheck
and the number of hours you have worked.

x: number of hours worked


y: paycheck

Paycheck
x 1 2 3 4 5 6
Y 10 20 30 40 50 60

Y: paycheck

60
40
20

2 4 6
x: number of hours
Direct Variation
y = ax
y = 10 x

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Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault
Westwood High School Grade 9 Student
EX. 2:
$8.00 an hour, $15.00 for coming to work.

x: number of hours
y: paycheck

Paycheck
x 0 1 2 3
y $15.00 $23.00 $31.00 $39.00

y: paycheck
40
30
20
10

2 4 6
x: number of hours worked
Partial Variation
y = ax + b
y = 8 x + 15

EX. 3:
You have $150.00 in your pocket. You lose $10.00 every time
you don’t clean your room. Find a relation.

x: number of times you don’t clean your room


y: money in your pocket

Money in pocket
x 0 1 2
y $150.00 $140.00 $130.00

y: money in pocket
150
140
130
120

1 2 3
x: number of times you don’t clean your room.

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Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault
Westwood High School Grade 9 Student
Partial Variation (decreasing)
y = ax + b
y = −10 x + 150

a) How long will it take you to lose all of your money?


y = ax + b
0 = −10 x + 150
− 150 − 10 x
=
− 10 − 10
15 = x
You will have no money left when you don’t clean your room
15 times.

Partial Variation (increasing)

y = ax + b
a is +
Partial Variation (decreasing)

y = ax + b
a is −
Partial Variation (increasing)

y = ax + b
b is −

a: rate of change

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Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault
Westwood High School Grade 9 Student

change in y rise y 2 − y1
= = =
change in x run x 2 − x1

EX. 1: (2, 3) (5, 7)

y 2 − y1 7 − 3 4
a= = =
x 2 − x1 5 − 2 3
EX. 2:

(0, 3)

(-4, 0)

y = ax + b
b=s
y − y1 0−3 −3 3
a= 2 = = =
x 2 − x1 − 4 − 0 − 4 4
3
y= x+3
4

EX. 3:

(0, 5)
(3, 2)

−3
Rule: a = = −1
3
y = −x + 5

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Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault
Westwood High School Grade 9 Student

EX. 4:
In 1990 – 1995, the cost of a shampoo set changed from
$17.00 to $25.00. Find the rule.

x: number of years
y: cost of shampoo set

(1990, 17) (1995, 25)


y − y1 25 − 17 8
a= 2 = =
x 2 − x1 1995 − 1990 5

Standard Form: y = ax + b
x y
Symmetric Form: + = 1
a b
General Form (NO FRACTIONS!!!): Ax + By + C = 0

EX. 1:
Change to general form and to symmetric form.
y = 2x + 4
standard form to general form
0 = − y + 2x + 4

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Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault
Westwood High School Grade 9 Student
y − 2x 4
=
4 4 general form to symmetric form
y x
+ =1
4 −2

EX. 2:
Get rid of the fraction in general form.
x
+ y+2=0
2
2x
+ 2y + 4 = 0
2
x + 2y + 4 = 0

EX. 3:
Get rid of the fractions in general form.
x y
+ +3= 0
3 2
⎛x y ⎞
6⎜ + + 3 = 0 ⎟
⎝3 2 ⎠
2 x + 3 y + 18 = 0

EX. 4:
Change to symmetric form.
x + 2y + 4 = 0
x + 2y − 4
=
−4 −4
x y
+ =1
−4 −2

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