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Indeed all praise is due to Allah (swt).

We praise him, we seek His help, we seek His forgiveness and we


seek refuge with Him from the evil of our souls and the evil of our actions. Whomsoever Allah (swt)
guides, none can misguide and whomsoever Allah (swt) leaves to stray, none can guide. I bear witness
that there is none worthy of worship save Allah (swt), the One who has no partner, and I bear witness
that Muhammad (saw) is His servant and Messenger. The best speech is the speech of Allah and the best
guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (saw). The worst of all matters are those newly introduced in
the religion. Every newly introduced matter is an innovation and every innovation is going astray. All
going astray leads to Hellfire.

We ask Allah (swt) that he make this action sincerely for Him, as all good contained in these notes is
from Him, and we ask Allah (swt) to forgive us for any errors as they are all from us.
Please use these notes to complement your personal notes and not to supplement them



Jazakum Allahu Khairan,


Scribe Team


TABLE OF CONTENTS
Valley of the Seekers Seminar Background Notes ........................................................................................ 4
ALLAH ............................................................................................................................................................ 7
Al-ILLAH: THE LORD ....................................................................................................................................... 7
Al-RABB: THE LORD ....................................................................................................................................... 7
AL-KHALIQ: THE CREATOR ............................................................................................................................ 8
AL-KHALLAQ: THE KNOWING ........................................................................................................................ 8
AL-BARI: THE EVOLVER. THE ORIGINATOR. .................................................................................................. 8
AL-MUSAWWIR: THE FASHIONER OF FORMS ............................................................................................... 9
AL-WITR: THE ONE ...................................................................................................................................... 10
AL-WAHID: THE ONE. THE CREATOR OF DIVERSITY FROM UNITY .............................................................. 10
AL-AHAD: THE ONE AND ONLY. THE UNIQUE ............................................................................................. 10
AL-SAMAD: THE ETERNALLY BESOUGHT ..................................................................................................... 11
AL-HAYY: THE EVER-LIVING ......................................................................................................................... 12
AL- QAYYUM: THE SUSTAINER OF [ALL] EXISTENCE. THE SELF-SUBSISTING. THE SELF-EXISTING .............. 13
AL-WAARITH: THE ULTIMATE INHERITOR, THE SUPREME HEIR ................................................................. 13
AL-GHANIY: THE FREE OF NEED. ................................................................................................................. 14
AL-HAMID: THE PRAISEWORTHY. ............................................................................................................... 14
AL-MALIK: THE SOVEREIGN. THE KING ..................................................................................................... 115
Al-MALK: THE OMNIPOTENT KING. THE ABSOLUTE SOVEREIGN ............................................................ 115
AL-AL: THE MOST HIGH .............................................................................................................................. 16
AL-AL: THE MOST HIGH. THE EXALTED ..................................................................................................... 16
AL-MUTAL: THE EXALTED. THE MOST EXALTED ........................................................................................ 16
AL-AWWAL: THE FIRST ................................................................................................................................ 17
AZ-ZHIR: THE SCENDANT. THE MANIFEST ................................................................................................. 17
AL-BTIN: THE INTIMATE. THE INNER. THE INWARD .................................................................................. 17
AL-MUQADDIM: THE EXPEDITER ................................................................................................................ 17
AL-MUAKHKHIR: THE DELAYER .................................................................................................................. 18
AL-WSI: THE ALL-EMBRACING. THE ALL-ENCOMPASSING ........................................................................ 18
AS-SUBBH: THE GLORIFIED ONE ............................................................................................................... 18
AL-AZM: THE MOST GREAT. THE MAGNIFICIENT. THE EXALTED ............................................................... 19
AL-AZZ: THE AL-MIGHTY ............................................................................................................................ 19
AL-RAHIM: THE MOST BENEFICENT ............................................................................................................ 19
AN-NASSIR: THE HELPER. THE ONE WHO PROVIDES VICTORY ................................................................... 20
AL-KABBIR: THE MOST GREAT..................................................................................................................... 20
AL-MUTAKABBIR: THE SUPREMELY GREAT ................................................................................................. 21
AL-QAWIY: THE SUPREMELY-STRONG ........................................................................................................ 21
AL-MAJEED: THE MOST GLORIOUS ............................................................................................................. 21
AL-MATEEN: THE POSSESSOR OF STRENGTH. THE FIRM ............................................................................ 22
AL-QAHHAR: THE SUBDUER. THE SUPERB VANQUISHER. THE EVER-DOMINATING .................................. 22
AL-QAAHER: THE EVER-DOMINATING. THE CONQUEROR.......................................................................... 23
AL-JABBAR: THE SUPERB COMFORTER.THE RESTORER. THE IRRESISTIBLE ................................................ 23
AL-HAKAM: THE SUPREMEM JUDGE. THE ARBITRATOR ............................................................................ 24
Al-HAQQ: THE TRUTH. THE JUST AND CORRECT......................................................................................... 24
AL-HASSEEB: THE RECKONER ...................................................................................................................... 25
AL-WALIY: THE PROTECTING FRIEND. THE NEARBY GUARDIAN ................................................................. 25
AL-WAKEEL: THE ULTIMATE TRUSTEE ........................................................................................................ 27

















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Valley of the Seekers Seminar Background Notes

Short story from the Prophet pbuhs life. The kufar asked the Prophet pbuh what is Allah? What is the
nature of Allah? And what is He made of (gold, silver etc)? Surat Al-Ikhlas was revealed in response to
their questioning and so the Prophet pbuh recited the surah to them.

We might be asked about Allah swt daily, so we need to be able to answer these important questions.
We also need to live with these Names, and manifest these attributes in our daily lives. When we know
the meanings of Allah swts names, we are able to apply it to our daily lives. For instance, in a time of
struggle we know that we need to be Thankful because Allah swts name is As-Shakur and therefore, we
need to be thankful at all times.

This seminar is centered on:
This lecture will inshaAllah take us to jannah
Prophet pbuh said that, whosoever memorizes these names shall enter jannah. Do we really
need to memorize them? What does it mean men ahsaha mean?
The name of this course is how to live with the names of Allah swt, we will learn how to
implement the names of Allah swt.
Allah swt honoured the people of knowledge (ahle el 3elm), Allah swt also favors them as well.
Allah swt will elevate their ranks in jannah many folds as well. Ranks are not just a single rank in
jannah, but it is many ranks. Iman is one of the things that people need to have including
knowledge. Allah swt did not specify how many ranks, Allah swt just stated ranks and Allah swt
alone knows how many. What knowledge is greater than learning the names of Allah swt? If we
do not know the meanings of Allah swts names and who Allah swt is then how can we answer
who Allah is?

Ibn Taymiyyah said that Allah swt talks about the names and attributes of Allah swt more than the
mentioning of food, annah, and other things. Allah swt states "And I have not created the Jin and man
but that they worship Me" Holy Quran 51: 57. Than how can we warship Allah swt if we do not know
him, therefore we need to know him so that we are able to worship him. Allah swt does not want part of
our love, but He wants us to love Him 100%.

The knowledge of Allah swt is knowledge that without it you feel like you would die, like if you were
prevented from attaining this knowledge you would feel like dying. Many of the incidents in our lives
should make you think of some of the names of Allah swt, it should automatically make you think of the
names of Allah swt constantly. Sometimes the sheikh Riad dreams about the name of Allah swt.

Abu Hurayrah narrates that the Prophet pbuh said Allah has 99 Names one hundred less one;
whoever learns them shall enter paradise. [Bukhari, Muslim]. Page 3
The above hadith does not mean that Allah swt only has 99 names, but it means that Allah swt
cannot have less than 99 names.
What does men ahsaha mean? Ibn Ul-Qayyim states on page 3. The meaning of men ahsaha
means:
o Memorize them
o Believe in them, ie. Allah is the Ar-Razzaaq.
o Understand them
o To act upon them
o To recite the Quran and complete it (Because you will come across the names of Allah
swt when you read the entire Quran).
You can relate a name to a situation, for instance, Say that you have a financial problem, or you want a
baby? Anything you want, you need to know what name to use when you are making dua in-front of
Allah swt.

Al-asma al hosna why are they called that? Asma= al-ism (the name) = sumu (majesty). Asma means
names. Al-Husna = most beautiful.

They are called Al- Husna due to:
1. The refer to the divine essence, with attributes of perfection that exist in Him
2. Allah swt has promised a beautiful reward for whoever memorizes them
3. Their knowledge is the most beautiful and most beloved to Allah swt
4. It is named after the noblest of them all, which is Allah swt.
The elements of Allah swt:
1. Belief in the existence of Allah swt
2. Belief in the Lordship of Allah swt
3. Belief in His Divinity (His Olheyaa)
4. Believe in His Names and Attributes
True enslavements revolve around three pillars. See page 7.
1. Love of Allah swt
2. Hope of His Mercy
3. Fear of His punishment

Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyya said that a bird has a head and two wings, therefore, can a bird fly with one
wing or just two wings without a head? Hence, just like the bird, we have to love Allah swt out of LOVE,
HOPE and FEAR. There are people who worship Allah swt out of just one of the three. Your worship is
complete when you maintain the three in a balance.

Allah swt questions, Then do they not look at the camels- how they are created? [Al-Ghashiyah 88:17].
Why did Allah swt choose camels and not elephant? Through Allahs creation we can learn about Allah
swt. Allah swt wants us to learn about Him through his creation ie. Camels. Here are some scientific
facts about camel:
There is a lot of hair on either side of the camel to protect them from the airs.
They can actually curve their ears depending on where the wind is coming from.
A camels nose has rim that helps them cover when there is sand wind.
Their eyes have a double raw of eye lashes that help them to interlace and keeps out the sand
from their eyes.
The tail has hairs on the sides to protect from wind.
The neck is long so that it can reach leaves high on trees and can go to the ground to eat.
Hump of the camel is a fat piece, and it is a source of energy when food source is very little.
They use this hump as food when there is no food.
The stomach of a camel has four sides (sections), their digestive system is strong so that it can
digest anything at all (even rubber).
This is why Allah swt says dont they look at the camels and how it was created. SUBHAN ALLAH,
Al- Illah, Al-Rab.

Most people do not know the difference between al 3afu and al khafar.
This book (seminar) is complied into four themes (the names). Themes are on page 10.
Perfection of his right to be worshiped Mankind, worship your Lord (Rabba-kum), who created
you and those before you, that you may become righteous [Al-Baqarah 2:21]
Ibn 'Uthaymeen book of the 99 names of Allah swt was used. Yasir Qadhi addresses the names of Allah
swt as well. From among the names of Allah swt 81 names are from the Quran, and 10 from the hadith.
WHAT ARE THE EXACT NUMERS?????

Tonight we will focus on:
Allah
Al-ilah
Al-rabb
Ism Allah al adam (the greatest name of Allah swt) if you were to make duaa on this name, Allah swt
will answer you duaa inshaAllah. This greatest name is:

ALLAH
Al Razi says that it is derived from al Ilah but others say that it is not derived from it

Al-ILLAH: THE LORD
Means our ebada - the only sole that should be worshiped is Allah swt. Al-Ilah also means where the
hearts find rest (tasqon al khuloob). Al illah al maloob, talaoho el kholoob means hearts long/love
Allah swt. Imam al-Ghazi said that when we say la illaha ila Al-Rahman this does not get accepted,
instead we must say la illaha ila Allah - even though the other names are also the names of Allah swt.

Al-RABB: THE LORD
The Lord - the one who nurtures. Rab ul bayt in Arabic is the keeper of the house, like the father.
Al-Rabb means al mabood (the One who is worshiped). The people of Quresh had tawheed al rubobeya,
which is that when you asked them who created the world, they say Allah but at the same time they
lacked tawheed of uloheya (Divinity).

Who is Allah swt?
Allah swt states that He, the jinns and humans are in a strange relationship. That Allah says I create,
and they worship other than Him. Ie. Worshiping the sun, cows, etc. During the time of prophet
Suleiman pbuh people used to worship the sun, the hudhud (a type of bird) got upset and complained to
prophet Suleiman about their worship to the sun. Than who is Allah swt? ALLAH IS THE ONLY ONE THAT
ANSWERS THIS QUESTION. Men howa Allah? Allah answers this question in the ayaat of the Quran like




Allah swt says that everything in this earth is making dikhr of Allah swt, (praising Allah swt). We do not
hear their tasbeeh. The fact that we do not hear their tasbeeh is a nema (blessing) alhamdulillah. We
need to teach people about Allah swt and why we should worship him. Some of our worship is missing
elements because it is not coming from the heart. When was the last time you enjoyed the sweetness of
sujood? The sahabah used to repeat one Surah from the Quran over and over while crying. Have you
felt the sweetness of saying Subhana rabi al alaa?

Allah swt is mentioned 2698 times in the Quran. The name ALLAH contains all the other names. For
example, Al-Rahman is one of the names of Allah. Just like the rest of the 99 name. But we cannot say
Allah is one of the names of al-Aziz so therefore, Allah is the combined name of all the names.
Similarly, if you have stress the name you can use that contains all of the names is ALLAH. Always return
to Allah swt.

Look at Allah swt creation; renew your attention to Allahs creation. We as humans get used to things
we see in our world, sometimes we need to get unused to these things. For instance, the clouds contain
soo much water and if Allah swt allowed for it to fall on us at one time, it would harm us but from Allahs
mercy it falls in drops (rain).

AL-KHALIQ: THE CREATOR
Al-Khaliq comes from the root word to create something based on a pattern or model which one has
devised. To create is to evoke something into being out of non-existence by an act of will. Al-Khaliq is
the One who plans and determines how, when and where to create. The One who creates something
from nothing (i.e. ex hihilo).

The names Al-Khaliq and Al-Khallaq are found in surah Al-hash howa Allahu ul khaliq, and khallaq, al
baree, al musaweer. A good example of how beautiful and magnificent our creator is by remembering
Amazing bird video we watched which copied all the sounds in our world. The video was on birds that
can make all different types of sounds, like a car horn, police car siren etc. Al-Khaliq is the One who
created this beautiful bird with such amazing abilities.

AL-KHALLAQ: THE KNOWING
Al-Khallaq comes from the root word . The knowing creator indicative of the extreme, intensifies
the meaning.
Al-Khallaq is an extreme exaggeration. Khallaq takes the form of fa3al (this is a name that is an
indication to something extreme). Similarly, Al-Ghaffar is more intensive than Al-Ghafur. Recall the story
of the wife of the ministry of Egypt who tried to seduce Yusuf pbuh. Part of the surah states, wa
khalekhat al abwab, which is an extreme, its an exaggeration.

AL-BARI: THE EVOLVER. THE ORIGINATOR.
Al-Bari comes from the root word which is to create out of nothing. To evolve is to exhibit or produce
by development. Evolution implies the process of production and development according to plan.

Al-Bari is the one that creates out of nothing. Creation precedes evolution since the effect of the will
precede the action. For instance, Allah swt created the angels from nour (light), jinns form fire, and
humans from clay.

AL-MUSAWWIR: THE FASHIONER OF FORMS
Al-Musawwir comes from the root word is to form. Fashioning emphasizes the act of composing
and giving form, shape and inherent qualities, thereby yielding the final product. The fashioner is the
one who has given everything a special form and a special manner whereby it is distinguished.
Sawarah is to form. Giving form and shape which inherits qualities. An excellent example to understand
this and many names is the human being. Look at how Allah swt created the human being. We are a
miracle walking on earth. If we look at the development of the embryo in the mothers womb we
understand Allahs miracle. Look at specifically the different liquids that are found in the human body.
The ears liquid has a specific role and responsibility; there is different liquid that comes from the eyes,
mouth and nose. Ear liquid has a bitter taste that helps you protect your ear from insects entering your
ear. There are parts of our body that are always open but nothing ever enters them. Imagine if your eye
lashes were to grow soo long how would you walk? Or if your eye brows grew long. Why dont these
two things (eye lashes and eye brows) grow too long? SubhanAllah. One look at ourselves is enough to
make us understand the name Al-Musawwir. Who made you in this fashion??? ALLAH swt. We were
created out of nothing and imagine the exact same thing that we are made of can also make us unclean.
SubhanAllah here is the stages of development simple:

Allah swt describes the stages of development.
1. Drop of fluid (nutfa semen). How can an illiterate person tell them things that we are only
discovering in recent days? Inna khalakhna el insane men nutfaten amshajen nabtaleehi fa
jaalnaho sameen baseera. See page. 13.
2. Inner layer: development of embryo
3. Outer layer: nutrition of embryo. Imagine we were created from something like water, a
liquid. Ever wonder how can something liquid turn into bones??? Like a hard substance?
SUBHANALLAH. Every bone in our body is different with different bone density. Following
bones the flesh part - where does it come from??? Then the skin and following that the
thing moves?? IMAGINE - SubhanAllah.

Last rule from page 6
We believe in the attributes of Allah swt without:
Distorting it
Denying the meaning of them
Without liking him to His creation.
A surah that clarifies that we cannot compare Allah swt to his creation is in surat Al fajr ayah 22:
Hence, we cannot compare Allah swt with the angels.

Another good example is people asking how does Allah swt come down in the 3
rd
of the night? We
should not ask about these types of question. We also know that Allah swt has hands but we cannot say
it is the same hands as ours. So we should not ask about these types of specificity. Yet another example
is that Allah swt smiles when a wife wakes her husband up for prayer. How and is this smile similar to
ours we cannot say. The idea is that we do not compare Allah swts characteristics and attributes to his
creation.

AL-WITR: THE ONE
Al-Witr comes from the root word . This name is not mentioned in the Quran but it is mentioned in
hadith.

Hadith that was narrrated by Abu Hurayrah and Abdullah Ibn Amr, classified as sahih by Shaikh Al-Albani
Allah is One and He loves that which is odd-numbered. Allah swt wants us to be different; he does not
want us to be the same as others. Allah swt wants us to live a life of passion, of greatness.

Odd numbers is witr, and shaf are even numbers.
For example, Tawaf around the kaba is 7 which is a witr number.
The number of times we go from the safa and marwa is 7 times.
The number between the earth and heaven is also 7.
The Prophet pbuh used of fast 3 days of every month.
Allah swt is complete and therefore He is witr. On the other hand, we need a partner because we
humans are shaf. Another hadith, the Prophet said do witr because Allah swt loves odd numbers

GEM: LEAVE A LEGACY SO THAT WE ARE REMEMBERED. LIVE A LIFE THAT MATTERS.

A Sunnah to revive is the number and manner of rakat the Prophet pbuh used to pray. He prayed 5 or 7
or more without any tashahud, so he only used to do the tashahud in the last rakah (the most the
Prophet pbuh went up to is 11 rakahs). The minimum rakahs for witr prayer is one prayer or 3 and you
can do more than that but only odd numbers.

Duaa al Qunut was performed by the Prophet pbuh when there was a calamity. The number of rakahs
prayered for Qunut one rakah which is the least, but the best is to pray 3 rakahs and more (odd
numbers).

AL-WAHID: THE ONE. THE CREATOR OF DIVERSITY FROM UNITY
Al-Wahid comes from the root word which means to be one, unique. He is the one who is singled
out in all aspects of perfection such as nothing else shares with Him these. The one source from which
all creation springs forth.

Al-Wahid is mentioned 13 times in the Quran.

AL-AHAD: THE ONE AND ONLY. THE UNIQUE
Al-Ahads root word is means to be the only one. The One who has no second [that shares] in the
lordship, nor in the essence, nor in the attributes. The One who was not begotten and has never
begotten.

Al-Ahad is mentioned only once in the Quran but the surah that mentioned it is equivalent to 1/3 of the
Quran. The surah is Al-Ikhlas.

Ibn al Batar (RA) said Allah swt is not a body because a body is made of composed things
Al junair (RA) said Tawhid is to know and believe that the creator is different from the creation.
Imam al Bukhari (RA) said Al-Ahad is the One who is no similar or equal to anything.
Abu Hanifa (RA) also stated, Allah is one not as in numbers but that there is no partners with Him.

Video: shaykh Mohammed Hassan. The man was looking for Allah Al-Wahid Al-Ahad. It is soo easy for
us to say the words la illaha ilah Allah. It is a blessing, and do we understand it?

Sheikh Riad shared a story of a man in the UK who couldnt say the shahada on his death bed. The mans
tongue was crippled and he was literally trying to pull his tongue out so he can force his tongue to say
the Shahada.

Recall when Bilal (RA) was being tortured, he kept saying Ahad, Ahad because Allah swt is the One and
Only that could help him. Bilal (RA) kept repeating Ahad, ahad because it kept fueling the kufar with
anger. If we are able to live with Al-Ahad we will be able to say la illaha illah Allah in the time of death
inshaAllah.

Ibn Asaker (one of the salaf- RA) story of the man who owned a donkey, and decided to take a man
from Damascus to another smaller town and then the man he was transporting wanted to kill him just
like he had killed all the other people in the valley they were passing. So the owner asked him if he can
pray two rakahs and when he started he forgot all the Quran out of fear although he had it all
memorized.
Recitation of the Quran a Ilahun maa Allah this aya is repeated - is there any God other than
Allah swt? May Allah swt make us of those that their last words in this dunia are La illaha illa
Allah. AMEEN. May we be resurrected with these words howa Al-Wahid Al-Ahad. We need to
live with Al-Wahid Al-Ahad in sincerity in our daily lives; sincerity in private and in public.

The sahaba (RA) asked the Prophet pbuh Who will earn the prophets intercession? and he said the
one who says La Illaha ila Allah with sincerity May Allah swt make us among those that say the
kalema with sincerity.

AL-SAMAD: THE ETERNALLY BESOUGHT
Al-Samads root word is which means to turn to, to need, to be sublime, everlasting. He is the One
upon whom the whole creation relies in all of its needs, predicaments, and necessities. The One who is
eternal and above Whom there is none. The One who is unaffected, unchanged, and without any needs.

This name was mentioned in the Quran only once. The word samad in Arabic means direction and when
it is applied to Allah swt it is that the hearts are directed to him. Al-Samad is the One that all of creation
needs and He does not, Tasmado al kholoob illayeh. Al-Samad is the one clear of any cavities, any
imperfections. Ibn Abas (RA) said the eternally besought of all, the chief who is best at his nobility, the
great one, who is best in his greatness, the tolerant one who is best in his toleration, the omnipotence
who is best in his omnipotence, Al-Haleem, the all knowing who is best at his knowledge, the self who
has no fear around whom all creatures turns and whom they seek after for all their needs and actions.

The surah is Al-Ikhlas, aya 1-4:


AL-SAYYID: THE MASTER
Al-Sayyids root word is which means the Owner, the Master. The sovereign of the universe; all of
creation is enslaved to Him. The One who is needed in an absolute sense. No created being is
independent of Him. If He did not create them, they would not exist, and if He did not sustain them after
creating them, they would not remain As-Sayyid is Allah.

This name comes from Hadith.
As-Sayyid: the Sovereign of the universe; all of creation is enslaved to Him. The One Who is needed in an
absolute sense. No created being is independent of Him. If He idd not create them, they would not exist,
and if He did not sustain them after creating them, they would not remain As-Sayyid is Allah.
*Narrated by Abdullah Ibn Ush-Shakkir and classified as sahih by Shaykh al-Albani].

AL-HAYY: THE EVER-LIVING
Al-Hayys root word is is to be living. The One who is undyling, everlasting. The One who calls all life
into being, and makes each living thing different and distinct.

Hyy is life which is the opposite of death. We tend to always find Al-Hayy and Al-Qayyum together. How
can we live with al hay daily?

Allah swt says in Surat Al-Furqan ayah 58:

And rely upon the Ever-Living who does not die, and exalt [Allah] with His praise. And sufficient is He to
be, with the sins of His servants, Acquainted.

There are three types of hayya (lifes).
1. The life of the bodies (life of the abdaan). There are many people who are alive but they are
empty from the inside. The only thing that matters to them is their appearance (the exterior-
appearance). We should contemplate on the type of hayya we have???
2. Hayaat of the erada wal himma (the life of passion and will). This is a life that matters, one that
contains a mission, a task that you want to accomplish. A person who has this second type of
hayaa has a goal, a vision and a message that the individual is carrying and would like
accomplish. We should not be saying to ourselves, ana hoona wala adree li mada ana hona- I
am here and I do not know why I am here. We need to have a mission and know exactly why we
are here. Keep in mind that a vision is different from a mission. A mission is not reached and is
not finished it is ever lasting until you die. You vision can change and you should be able to alter
it depending on the circumstance (vision = changeable and flexible).

GEM: WE NEED TO LIVE A LIFE THAT IS FOCUSED, FULL OF PASSION AND DRIVE.

3. Hayaat al farah wal suroro wal ounse billah. This is that you know your goal and you are set and
now you are accomplishing farah (happiness) where you are so close to Allah swt.

AL- QAYYUM: THE SUSTAINER OF [ALL] EXISTENCE. THE SELF-SUBSISTING. THE
SELF-EXISTING
Al-Qayyum root word is which to stand up, to rise up, to ascend. The One who is free of any
dependence on anything else for existence.
Qwm to stand up. Remember we said that usually we find Al-Hayy and Al-Qayyum together all the
time. Ahl el 3lm (the people of Knowledge) said that Al-Hayy signifies the ever living life and Al-Qayyum
signifies the self sustainer.

Allah swt states in Surat Al-Baqarah ayah 255:


Allah there is no deity [worthy of worship] except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all]
existence. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and
whatever is on the earth. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows
what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they encompass not a thing of His
knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and their
preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. [Al-Baqarah 2:255]

AL-WAARITH: THE ULTIMATE INHERITOR, THE SUPREME HEIR
Al-Waarith root word is means to inherit, to be the owner or sustainer after someone. The One to
whom all possessions return when the possessor is gone. The One who inherits all that we have done.
The One who has everlasting ownership of all that has ever been and that will ever be.

The supreme heir. Our children inherit our wealth when we die but Allah swt is the supreme heir.

Allah swt states in surah Al-Hajar ayah 23:
And certainly We! We it is who give life, and we are the inheritors.

Since Allah swt is the supreme inheritor, Allah swt has everything that He initially gives to us because we
are all going to die and everything returns to Him. All of the things we have in our life, is owned by Allah
swt, the supreme owner. Everything in the universe in the end goes back to Allah swt and everything we
have is given to us by Allah swt.
For instance, Prophet Zakariya pbuh said in surat al anbeya (89) oh Allah dont leave me as one (by
himself) and you are the best of all inheritors he wanted a child and knew that everything returned
back to Allah swt.

AL-GHANIY: THE FREE OF NEED.
Al-Ghaniys root word is means to be rich, wealthy. He is Free of need, self-sufficient, completely
and unrestrictedly, diference is given to His perfection and the perfection of His attributes. He is not in
need of anyone, He transcends all needs.

In Arabic the word Ghaniy is someone who is rich. But in terms of Allah swt it means that Allah is free of
any needs. He is Free of need, self-Sufficient, completely and unrestrictedly, deference is given to His
perfection and the perfection of His attributes. He is not in need of anyone, He transcends all needs.

Normally we find in the Quran Al-Ghaniy with Al-Hameed.
Abu Dharr al-Ghifari narrates that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said that Allah said: O My slaves, all
of you are astray except those whom I guide, so ask Me for guidance, and I will guide you. O My slaves,
all of you are hungry except those whom I feed, so ask Me for food and I will feed you. O My slaves, all
of you are naked except those whom I clothe, so ask Me for clothing and I will clothe you O My slaves,
if the first of you and the last of you, your humans and your jinn, were to stand on a single plain and ask
of Me and I were to give each one what he asked for, that would not cause any loss to Me greater than
what is lost when a needle is dipped into the sea.

The opposite of Ghaniy is fakheer which is us, as in we are in need of Allah swt. Anything that has no
deficiency is Allah swt.

AL-HAMID: THE PRAISEWORTHY.
Al-Hamids root word is which means to praise, to speak well of. The One who is worthy of all
thankful praise. The One and only One who truly deserves all praise, honour and adoration.

Praise is for what is complete and perfect. There is a difference between shukr and hamd. Shukr is to
thank someone; hamd is to praise Allah swt. Therefore, we thank people and we praise Allah swt. Sh.
Riad shared with the class that there was a sister that had said I want to thank Allah Al-Hamid for the
ability to thank him. Allahuma ini a3oodo bika men zawale nematek Oh Allah I ask you that you do
not perish your nem that you have bestowed upon me. Fuj3ad (sudden) Nekhma (opposite of ne3ma)
wa tahawael afeyatek. The Prophet pbuh used to ask Allah swt to protect him from sudden lack of
nema. We often forget all the things we are blessed with in this life. For instance, ne3matel wajood is
the fact that Allah swt created us as a human being. subhan Allah, wal hamdulillah.
Fascinating Facts Sh. Riad shared with us during the seminar:

Blessings:
The heart beats per day 1000 times
Eye blinks 12-14 thousand blinks per day
16000 breaths per day
12 intestinal movements per day
Kidney cleans itself 36 times per day
All of these ne3am is free, and we do not even acknowledge them nor thank Allah swt for them because
most of the time we are unaware that these things are happening within our body.

Ne3matul herasa is the nema of Allah swts protection over us. Allah swt says, which means that if we
would to be thankful to Allah swt for His blessings He would increase us. The opening Surah from the
Quran is surat Al-Fatiha ayah 1:

AL-MALIK: THE SOVEREIGN. THE KING
Al-Maliks root word is which means to possess, to own exclusively. The One who is king of all beings.
The One who is the owner and ruler of this world. The One who has supreme authority, and who is
relied upon by everyone. His Dominion and Will are preponderating and conquer all under His
Sovereignty.

Al-Malik and Al-Malk have a root word which is malaka. Al-Malik is an indication to something that is
more extreme than al malk.
Allah swt states in Surat T-H ayah 114:

So high [above all] is Allah, the Sovereign, the Truth. And, [O Muhammad], do not hasten with
*recitation of+ the Quran before its revelation is completed to you, and say, My Lord, increase me in
knowledge. *T-H 20:114+.

Sh. Al 'uthaymeen mentioned Al-Malik and Al-Malk.

Al-MALK: THE OMNIPOTENT KING. THE ABSOLUTE SOVEREIGN
Al- Malks root word is . Al- Malk is indicative to the extreme emphasis in al-mulk (sovereignty).

Allah swt says in Surat Al-Qamar ayah 55:

In a seat of honour near an Absolute Sovereign, Perfect in Ability. [Al-Qamar 54:55]

AL-MAWLA: THE MASTER
Al-Mawlas root word is which is the Master. In Arabic, the term Mawla can be used for ar-rab, the
master, the beloved (al-muhibb), the follower (at-tbi), the neighbor, the cousin, the slave,. Allah is the
Mawla, the Patron, Supporter, and the Protector of the believers.

Allah swt states in surat Al-Anfl ayah 40:

But if they turn away then know that Allah is your Protector (mawla). Excellent is the Protector, and
Excellent is the Helper (Nasir). [Al-Anfl 8:40].

Allah swt is the mawla and Nasir. So Al-Mawla means that Allah swt has access to everything and at
anytime. The idea here is that Allah swt owns and has access at anytime and to everything. Allah swt is
the King of all KINGS. The kingdom of Allah swt does not perish at all. The kingdom of Allah swt cannot
be eliminated. The difference between Allah swts mulk and human beings mulk is that the persons
kingdom can be taken away from him. On the other hand, Allah swts kingdom is never perishing. Allah
swt questions Lee men al mulk el youm to whom does the kingdom belong to today? No one can
claim the sovereignty of Allah swt where as the kingdoms on this earth can be claimed by his children
and others. The kingdom of Allah swt is the true KINGDOM, whereas the kingdom of this life is not true.

Why did Allah swt start with RABB, MALIK and then ILLAH? Here is the answer. Khalakahum be
rabobiateh (he created them), Malik as in that He owns us, and Illah as in we are to worship him. Allah
swt created us (He is the creator), then he is the Malik and therefore Allah swt owns us, and lastly since
we were created by Allah swt we are to worship him alone.

AL-AL: THE MOST HIGH
Al-Als root word is which means to be high. The One Who is above and exceeds all others. The
Most High, above whom there is nothing higher.

The lowest a man can go is in sujood and that is why we say subhana rabbi al a3la in our sujood. The
Prophet pbuh stated that the duaa in the sujood is mustagab. The Prophet pbuh said that we are
prohibited from reciting Quran in ruko and sujood because we are suppose to glorify our Lord in those
positions with ishtihad (Hard work).

AL-AL: THE MOST HIGH. THE EXALTED
Al-Als root word is which means to be elevated.

Exalt the name of your Lord, the Most High *Al-Al 87:1+

AL-MUTAL: THE EXALTED. THE MOST EXALTED
Al-Mutals root word is

AL-AWWAL: THE FIRST
Al-Awwals root word is which means to be first, to be before. The One who is the first, the
beginning, the foremost. The prior-Existing One who existed before all of creation. Nothing is before
Him.

There are certain names that cannot be used in isolation unless they are used with their sister words like
Al-Awwal and A-khir (Allah swt is the First and is also the Last nothing will come after him).

AZ-ZHIR: THE SCENDANT. THE MANIFEST
Al-Zahirs root word is means to be visible, manifest, obvious, distinct. The One who has manifested
all of creation and who is manifest in all of creation. The One whose essence and attributes are shown
throughout all of creation. Nothing is above Him.

His attributes are show through all of his creation and therefore, we do not see Allah swt but we believe
in him throughout his creation.

AL-BTIN: THE INTIMATE. THE INNER. THE INWARD
Al-Btins root word is which is to be concealed. The One who is veiled from our sensory perception.
The One who is unseen, yet whose existence and essence are made known through signs. Nothing is
nearer than Him.

Allah swt is unseen in our senses but He is there.

He is the First and the Last, the Ascendant and the Intimate, and He is, of all things, Knowing
[Al-Hadd 57:1+
AL-MUQADDIM: THE EXPEDITER
Al-Muqaddims root word is which is to bring forward. The One Who gives precedence to whatever
has to be given precedence with regard to rulings and the order of things.

This attribute of Allah swt is in the hadith (Sahih Muslim).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to say in the night prayer: O Allh, to You be praise, You are
the Light of the heavens and the earth and everyone in them. To you be praise, You are the Sustainer of
the heavens and the earth and everyone in them. To You be praise, You are the Sovereign of the
heavens and the earth and everyone in them. To You be praise, You are the truth, Your promise is true,
Your words are true, the meeting with You is true, Paradise is true, Hell is true, and Hour is true, the
Prophets are true, Muhammad is true. O Allah to You I have submitted, in You have I put my trust, in
You I have believed, to You I have repented, with Your help and guidance I have debated, and to You I
turn for judgment. You are our Lord, unto You is our return. Forgive me for my past and future sins, for
those I have committed secretly and those I have committed openly, and for whatever You know more
about than I. You are the One Who brings forward and the One Who puts back, You are my God, there is
no deity worthy of worship but You. And there is no power and no strength except with You.
*Narrated by Abdullh Ibn Abbs and reported by Bukhr+
AL-MUAKHKHIR: THE DELAYER
Al-Muakhkhir root word is . This attribute is also found in hadith.

There are two types of taqdm (expediting):
Taqdm al-kawn: universal expediting
Taqdm ash-shar: preference in status

Taqdm Al-kawni means that Allah swt has created certain things before something else. On the other
hand, taqdm ash-shar is that Allah swt has given higher status over other things like the Prophets pbut
have higher status then the average human being and even Allah swt gave higher status more than
others.

AL-WSI: THE ALL-EMBRACING. THE ALL-ENCOMPASSING
Al-Wsis root word is to be sufficient, in compacity or size, to comprehend, embrace. The One
whose expansive essence holds and embraces all of creation. The One whose power, knowledge, mercy
and generosity are boundless.

This name of Allah swt comes from wsi. Allah is the all encompessing, the all embracing subhanahu wa
taala. In the Quran we see waseon aleem and Allah swt gives and know to whom He gives. Allah swt
has knowledge of everything and knows might a person do with what Allah swt gives him/her and that
they actually harm themselves. Therefore, we should not ask why Allah swt did not give us certain things
that we want because our vision and knowledge is very little and Allah swt knows everything. Allah swt
gives to whom He wishes because He is Al-Wsi.

Allah swt says in Surat Al-Baqarah ayah 261:


The likeness of those who spend their wealth in Allhs way is as the likeness of a grain which grows
seven ears, in every ear a hundred grains. Allh increases manifold to whom He will, Allh is All-
Embracing, All-Knowing. *Al-Baqarh 2:261+.

AS-SUBBH: THE GLORIFIED ONE
As-Subbhs root word is which means to glorify. The One Who is above all that is not befitting to
Him and He is above all the shortcomings and (imperfect) qualities which are inherent in His creation.

This attribute of Allah swt is found in hadith and not in the Quran. Picture this We are in the land of
resurrection and everyone is waiting for Allah swt to start the Hisab. Everyone starts hearing and see a
light coming, and 8 angels are carrying the thrown of Allah swt. The Prophet pbuh described that the
ears and shoulders of one of the angels is the distance between the heaven and the earth. Therefore,
imagine 8 angles carrying the thrown of Allah swt. The angels are saying, ya hayyu ya khaoom and
they are able to lift the arsh (thrown). Instead the angels start saying subuh khodoos rab ul
malaeekatuhu war rouh while the 8 angels carry the thrown of Allah swt.

AL-AZM: THE MOST GREAT. THE MAGNIFICIENT. THE EXALTED
Al-Azms root word is which means to be large, vast, huge, great in rank, importance or dignity,
powerful, imposing. The One who is greatest, mightiest, grandest, and above all. The One who is of
perfect and absolute greatness.

Allah swt states in surat Ash-Ashr ayah 4:

To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth, and He is the Most High, the
Most great. [Ash-shr 42:4+.


AL-AZZ: THE AL-MIGHTY
Al-Azzs root word is means to be mighty, potent, strong, powerful. The One whose dignity,
majesty and power are unique, precious and unattainable by mankind. The One who has complete
mastery over all of creation.

From eza, dignity, and mighty. Al-Azz means that Allah swt is the exalted. Therefore we were created
by him and we should not be humiliated and abused. Human beings are the slaves of Al-Azz and not the
slave of anything or anyone else.

This name of Allah expresses that He will always triumph and that He can never be refuted, for only He
has true power.

Allah swt favored us and therefore, we should not humiliate ourselves. Al-Azz cannot be defeated.
Humans can be Azz because they might be better at one thing but there are things that they can be
defeated on. Al-Azz is only Allah swt.

AL-RAHIM: THE MOST BENEFICENT
The attribute Al-Rahim was mentioned 14 times in the Quran, Al-Aziz, Al-Hakeem (the all wise), Al-
Raheem, Al-Khawi (the all strong subhanah) and Al-Aleem (all of these were mentioned 95 times) but
singly they were mentioned 14 times.

Surat Al-Anfal describes the battle of badr. The Muslims did not go out to fight, and were not ready to
fight. The Muslims were 300 and the non-Muslims were 1000. Allah swt planned this war, and even the
land to be chosen. Why the land of badr? Allah swt has many soldiers (angles, wind, etc). The Muslims
were extremely tired so much so that they were not ready. The Muslims were sleeping, and the guards
were sleeping that their swords fell 7 times. Allah swt send down so much rain where it was difficult to
walk on wet sand (full of water). The camp of the Muslims on the other side rained a little bit therefore,
the land was stable for the Muslims. And because it rained a little bit, the rain also refreshed the
Muslims after their nap. The rain and sleep was the nasser of Allah swt. So another nasr of Allah was
that the Muslims all had the same dream. They dreamed that all the non-Muslims looked like there
were so few and the Qurash saw that the Muslims were large in numbers. When the Muslims had the
dream, it gave them the power and boost they needed to fight. Another help that the Muslims received
from Allah swt were angels Allah swt send down thousands of angels to help the Muslims. The
Muslims said that when they went to strike the non-Muslim, before the sword hit them, the angels got
them already. The angels came to the aid of the Muslims in a head coving that was green.

Another instance, where Allah swt send his ANGELS to aid the Muslims was in the battle of hunan. The
angels in this battle came as ants and the non-Muslims got scared and ran away. The battle of al
khandaq- Allah swt send his angels in the form of winds. The winds (angels) were extremely strong that
the non-Muslims ran away and so the Muslims did not have to fight. Allah swt send down his nusr in
many forms SubhanAllah.

The Prophet pbuh said that this religion of Islam will reach the four corners of the world and there will
be no house left that has not heard of Islam. Out of every 5 people that become Muslim only one is
male although they say Islam oppresses women. Even more, the mass media portrays Islam as a religion
of ISM.

Omar (RA) had so much Azia and knowledge. Allah swt is Al-Aziz therefore, humiliation for anyone is not
allowed. Allah swt does not allow oppression or humiliation so we should not accept Humiliation.

ALLAH SWT GAVE US ZA (Dignity) IN ISLAM AND IF WE SEEK ZA IN ANYTHING ELSE OTHER THAN ISLAM
ALLAH SWT WILL DISGRACE US.

AN-NASSIR: THE HELPER. THE ONE WHO PROVIDES VICTORY
An-Nassirs root word is which means to assist and make victorious. As Allah promises, victory
belongs only to those who believe in our Lord and struggle to attain His good pleasure and consent.

Nasara- comes from victory. The names of Allah swt - Al-Azim, Al-Aziz and An-Nassir are usually found
together.

GEM: BE ONE, FOR ONE AND ON ONE BE ONE FOR ALLAH SWT NOT FOR ANYONE ELSE, SO THERFORE
YOU ARE THE SLAVE OF ALLAH SWT.

Remember that the Quran came down in three stages.

AL-KABBIR: THE MOST GREAT
Al-Kabbirs root word is which means to be great in size, vast, formidable. The One whose greatness
is beyond measure. The One whose nature is Greatness. The phrase Allahu Akbar uses this same k-b-r
root and means Allah is the greatest.

Al-Kabbir is the most great. In Arabic the word kbr means pride or arrogance. As Muslims when we pray
we start our prayer with Allahu akbar and this signifies that we are leaving our lives behind and we are
going to the Most Great.

AL-MUTAKABBIR: THE SUPREMELY GREAT
Al-Mutakabbirs root word which means to be great in rank, dignity, nobility, majesty. The One who is
above any evil, defect and deficiency due to His greatness. The One who has rights, privileges and
attributes, which others do not have.

The word mutakabbir in Arabic signifies someone who is arrogant. Arrogance is something blame
worthy for human beings, but for Allah swt He is Al-Mutakabbir. Recall that one of the things that lead
to hell fire is kbr. Surat al zumar addresses those that have kbr and how they go to hell fire in groups.
The people who have arrogance during their life time will say when they go to hell fire that yes the
Prophets (pbut) came to them but that they were too arrogant to follow them. Allah swt is Al-
Mutakabbir that he did not create us so He can oppress us.

How can we be arrogant when; our beginning is a despised drop of sperm, our end is a corpse (a piece of
nothing), and in between we carry fesses. In Arabic, awaluka nutafaten Matdera, wa akheiruka gefatun
khadera, wa bena daleeka tahmalu al adera.

There is a Hadith of the Prophet pbuh (reported by al tirmidhi) that he described that on the day of
resurrection, the arrogant will be gathered as tiny men/women (as small as ants) and humiliation will be
all around them. They will be as small as ants because in life they thought they were bigger and
arrogant. The arrogant will be driven to a prison in hell called Bowlas with the highest fire raising over
them and they will be giving a cocktail called the juice of the inhabitance of hell - TEEBAT AL KHABAL.

AL-QAWIY: THE SUPREMELY-STRONG
Al-Qawiys root word is which means to be strong, vigorous, potent. The One whose strength is
supreme. The One who possesses unlimited strength and endurance. The one whose vigor and strength
prevails over all of creation.

According to Hadith found in Muslim, The believer is more beloved to Allah swt (Al-Qawiy) then the
weak believer Strength here means spiritual, physical, mental strength.

AL-MAJEED: THE MOST GLORIOUS
Al-Majeeds root word is which means to be glorious, dignified, majestic, noble, honorable. The One
who is glorious, dignified, majestic, bountiful and exceedingly generous. He is described with the
attributes of glory, greatness and magnificence. Hes glorified and magnified in the hearts of His close
ones.

In the Quran we find Hameedun Majeed together. And in our Salah we say, Rabana walaka Al-Hamd ,
hamdan kateeran tayeaban mubarakan after we stand up from our ruku. Whosoever you love, and
you do not praise, you do not really love him/her. Therefore, when you praise someone without loving
that person, you are not praising him enough. Hence, we should praise Allah swt enough and love him
enough. Praise should come with a lot of love.

AL-MATEEN: THE POSSESSOR OF STRENGTH. THE FIRM
Al-Mateens root word is which means to be strong, solid, firm hard. The One who is most steadfast
and solid. The One whose strength produces certitude. The One who can easily overcome anything
through supreme firmness and strength of determination.

Al-Mateen also means strength and firm.
The One who is most steadfast and solid. The One whose strength produces certitude. The One who can
easily overcome anything through supreme firmness and strength of determination.

AL-QAHHAR: THE SUBDUER. THE SUPERB VANQUISHER. THE EVER-DOMINATING
Al-Qahhars root word is which means to control, dominate and overpower. The superb Vanquisher
dominates everything in His kingdom. Everything submits and surrenders to Him.

Al-Qahhar is more intensive than Al-Qaaher.
Allah swt said to the heavens and the earth, come willingly or by force and they (the heavens and
earth) said we submit willingly.
Allah swt Al-Qahhar says in Surat Al-Anm ayah 44:

So when they forgot that by which they had been reminded, We opened to them the doors of
everything [good] thing until, when they rejoiced in that which they were given, We seized them
suddenly, and they were [then] in despair. [Al-Anm, 44+.

The above ayah is addressing the nations that were disobedient to Allah swt. Therefore, Allah swt says
that He has opened the doors of everything pleasant to them and when they are in the middle of their
enjoyment; Allah swt takes from them forcefully everything because they did not want to surrender to
Him willingly.

Allah swt also vanquishes things with their opposites. For instance, the sea Allah swt can make it
beautiful and peaceful but then it can also become a deadly force. Allah swt also ordered the knife that
prophet Ibrahim pbuh was going to slaughter his son with to not cut. Allah swt also made the fire not
burn Ibrahim pbuh when the non-Muslims threw him in the fire. Therefore, Allah swt is Al-Qahhar and
therefore can make the things that are not willingly submissive to him submissive forcefully.

EITHER YOU SURRENDER AND GIVE UP THE SIN WILLINGLY OR ALLAH SWT AL-QAHHR WILL MAKE YOU
GIVE IT UP BY FORCE From Allahs mercy He gives us chances and waits for us to give up our sins
willingly. Therefore, He is giving us chances after chances. Is today the day you give it up?

AL-QAAHER: THE EVER-DOMINATING. THE CONQUEROR
Al-Qaahers root word is which means to overcome, conquer. He is The Vanquisher without being
unfair, on the contrary He is wise and knowledgeable.

Everything surrenders to Allah swt, and on the Day of Judgment Allah swt will say To whom does the
kingdom belong to today? No one but Allah swt is Al-Qaaher. Allah swt will also vanquish the siraat in
judgment day. Allah swt will make it easy for the believers to pass the siraat and hard for the non-
believers. Sheikh Riads advice BE SUBMISSIVE TO ALLAH SWT AND DO NOT OPPRESS ANYONE
SPECIALLY THE ORPHANS AND THE WEAK

AL-JABBAR: THE SUPERB COMFORTER.THE RESTORER. THE IRRESISTIBLE
Al-Jabbars root word is which means the splint, which is used to set the broken bones: to restore
something to sound. The One who irresistibly restores all of creation to soundness and sufficiency. The
One who compels each and every thing according to divine will, yet is never compelled.

This name of Allah swt encompasses love, mercy, tenderness, and compassion. People think of this
name as hard, but it is actually the opposite. Because you are broken and oppressed, Allah swt will
comfort you. Therefore, this attribute of Allah swt in reality is the one that an individual can use to
complain to Al-jabbar.

There are two types of breaking: (1) broken bones, (2) heart breaks. Therefore, broken bones are easy
and we know who to go to mend our broken bones. But it is Allah swt only that can mend our broken
hearts. Allah swt is the only One that can mend your heart and avenge your brokenness. Imagine that
Allah swt is giving you this assistance free of services, all you need is two rakahs and talking to Al-Jabbar
and getting it out of your heart. Sheikh Riads advice, Keep on knocking on Allahs door and maybe
inshaAllah He will open for you. And Do not be sad if the answer you are looking for does not come
fast, but keep in doing it and inshaAllah Allah will make you happy.

GEM: ALLAH SWT IS THERE TO LISTEN TO YOUR WORRIES BUT GIVE ALLAH SWT A CHANCE.

Remember that Allah swt said I have prohibited oppression upon myself, and therefore do not oppress
one another and do not transgress the rights of anyone because Al-Jabbar might come and revenge for
the person you are oppressing. For instance, sometimes we treat people unjustly (we oppress someone)
and then we undergo a punishment of some sort, and then we go back to Allah swt and ask him for His
help and then Allah swt transforms that punishment from being a punishment to a blessing. Sheikh Riad
used the example of the man who used to make fun of the blind man and then Allah swt gave blind
children.

Al-Jabbar mends hearts, example of Musa pbuh and his mother. And how Allah swt told her to release
him into the ocean to save him. And so she did because she placed her trust in Allah swt and Allah swt
Al-Jabbar mended her heart and returned Musa pbuh to her.

Allah swt mends your broken hearts with our repentance. For example, the Prophet pbuh used to advice
refkhan bel qawaree which means be kind to women.

Allah Al-Jabbar mends our hearts with our daily Salah. Al-Jabbar inputs our optional (sunnan) prayers in
the place of any Salahs that we might have missed.

Al-Jabbar also mends the hearts of the orphans. Because the Prophet pbuh said that he and the one who
takes care of the orphans will be like this (pointing his two fingers and making them close).

AL-HAKAM: THE SUPREMEM JUDGE. THE ARBITRATOR
Al-Hakams root word is which means to pass judgment, to decide, pass a verdict. The One who
judges between His servants in this life and the life of the Hereafter with His justice and fairness. He is
the judge in His regulation and decree. The One who makes the final decision of the natural of all
matters. The One who arbitrates all disputes.

This attribute of Allah swt is found in Hadith. Hani Ibnu Yazid said that the Prophet (peace be upon him)
had said: Allah is the Supreme Judge and to Him belong all rulings. Reported by An-Nassi, Abu Dawud,
and classified as Sahih by sheikh Al-Albani.

Al-HAQQ: THE TRUTH. THE JUST AND CORRECT
Al-Haqqs root word is which means to be genuine, authentic, real, sound, substantial. The One
whose existence is undeniable. He is the Truth in His essence and attributes. Allah is the Truth and what
they supplicate to other than Him is falsehood.

This name Al haqq was created by haqq. Allah swt created the heavens and the earth by the truth.
The lesson that can be derived from this name; we should all live by the truth, to tell the truth to never
hide the truth, to love the truth and to die for the truth. If we love the truth, you love Allah swt because
Allahs name is Al-Haqq. Allah swt says ina akramakum atqakum the most kareem of you is the one
who has more taqwa.

There are nine things that are true:
1. Knowledge of Allah is the Truth
2. His words are a truth
3. His promise is a truth
4. The day we meet Him is a truth
5. Jannah is a truth
6. Hellfire is a truth
7. The Prophets are a truth
8. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is a truth
9. The hour is Truth (the day of Judgment)

Allah swt says in Surat Al-Mutaffifin ayah 1:

The people of Al-Mutaffifin are those that do not speak the truth and cheat when they do business.

Allah swt also states in Surat Al-Araf ayah 44:

This ayah addresses how people from heaven will call on the people of hell and ask have you found
what Allah swt has promised you? and the people of hell will answer with yes and vise versa.

People that lived by the truth:
Omar (RA), and Abu Bakr (RA).
Samarkand: The Muslims went and invaded Samarkand without any notice or dawa. The
Muslims went and invaded the country and had control of the country. The priests of that
country heard that the ruler (Omar Ibn Abdul Aziz) was a Just ruler. Therefore, the priest went to
meet with him, and told him what had happened. When Omar Ibn Abdul Aziz wrote a letter to
the Muslim ruler. In the letter he said to appoint a ruler to be the judge. They had a meeting and
the Muslims said that they had invaded the country because they did not have time to give
them dawa. Instead they just invaded them without dawa. Hence, the ruling was that they
leave the country by the next day. Therefore, the Muslims left the next day. Due to the amazing
actions of the Muslims, the people of that country embraced Islam.
Yet another story: A mother send her son to another city to study. The advice she gave him was
that he should always tell the truth. While travelling, they came accross a man named Al-
fudathe ibn ayyad, so they would ask everyone do you have money and everyone would lie. And
this man would still take the money from them even though they lied about it. He got to the boy
and asked him do you have any money? And then the boy said yes. The boy was asked why
didnt he lie and he said because my mother told me to always speak the truth. Therefore,
fudathe ibn ayyad became a scholar after that and changed his life around.

AL-HASSEEB: THE RECKONER
Al-Hasseebs root word is means to number, calculate, give without measure. The One Who is All-
Knowing of His servants and sufficient for those who put their trust in Him. The One who takes account
of all actions and reckons them. The One who is the measurer and accountant of every deed. The One
who gives what is sufficient and necessary in every situation.

Ma le hada elketaba la Yuqadiru ela saqeratun wala kaberatan ela ahsaha the people who will be
suffering in hell fire while they read all their actions in their books will be asking the above quotation.

When the non-believers threw Ibrahim pbuh in the fire, he pbuh said hasbi Allah wa nem Al-Wakeel
surrendering his matter to Allah swt.

AL-WALIY: THE PROTECTING FRIEND. THE NEARBY GUARDIAN
Al-Waliys root word is which means to be near, close, nearby, defend, and guard. Al-Wali
emphasizes the aspects of lordship, ownership and mastery of the One who is also friend and helper. Al-
Wali also emphasizes the nearness and loving, protective, guarding and helping aspects of the One who
is also the Lord and master.

People can be wali (saints) and anyone can be a wali but Al-Waliy can only be Allah swt. Al-Waliy is the
One who protects you and is a guardian for his slaves.

Allah swt says in surat Yunus ayah 62:

Allah swt says that awliya Allah surely should not have no sadness and no grieve because Allah swt is
taking care of them. Therefore, you do not have to be a saint to be a wali. Allah swt will eliminate your
grave and life because Allah swt says in surat Al-Baqarah ayah 257:

Allah is the ally of those who believe. He brings them out from darknesses into the light. And those who
disbelieve their allies are Taghut. They take them out of the light into darknesses. Those are the
companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein. [Al-Baqarah, 257]

Allah swt will give you victory if He is your wali. Allah swt in the Quran talks to those he is protecting,
those that are close to Him, Allah is your mawla and he is the best to give you victory. In this hadith
Qudsi, whoever shows hostility towards you, Allah swt declares war against them. Allah swt says that
my servant does not draw near me with anything more than in his religious practices and the more
nawafel (voluntary acts) my slave does the more Allah swt loves his slave. In this case, Allah swt
becomes the persons eyes, and ears.

To earn the Walaya of Allah, one needs:
o Firm belief in Allah (True believer - Surat Ynus ayah 62). Those who are devoted to
Allah swt with believe and who have piety (taqwa) while avoiding the bad
o Adhere to the Salat (the prayers mandatory prayers)
o Voluntary prayers/acts (An-Nawafel like Fasting, seeking forgiveness)
o Helping others (the needy).
Sheikh Riad shared the story of Abu Bakr (RA) and how he always left the Masjid
after salah, so Omar (RA) followed him to see where he is going. Then he went
into the same house Abu Bakr was at, and went to ask if the old lady knew who
that man was. Then she said that she didnt know who he was but that he
comes cleans, cooks and feeds her and then leaves. Omar (RA) he was thinking
he can never win with Abu Bakr (RA) because he is always doing great things. So
after Abu Bakr died (RA) Omar (RA) took over the tasks that Abu Bakr used to
do. So when he went to feed the women, she asked him who are you? and he
asked her how did you know? And she said the other man (Abu Bakr (RA))
used to mesh the food before he fed her. And then Omar (RA) said that he
couldnt out do Abu bakr (RA) while he was alive and even when he was dead.

This Hadith is known as the hadith of the wood Wa kafa bi illahi kafeela, wakeela. The story of the man
who made the promise and borrowed the money, it is hadith of the wood.

AL-WAKEEL: THE ULTIMATE TRUSTEE
Al-Wakeels root word is which means to appoint or entrust for the care or management of
something. It also means to reply upon, confide in, lean upon, submit to). The One and only One who
can be entrusted with the management and resolution of all affairs. The One who may be trusted to do
better for us than we do for ourselves.

This name fits those that have huge dreams but do not try it out because they are afraid to fail, and they
are not giving their trust in Allah swt. What does it mean to entrust Allah swt? It means that you do take
actions towards what you want, you take the means but you put your trust in Allah swt.

Tawakul comes from the name Al-Wakeel.
Allah swt says in surat Al-Talaq and whomever fears (has taqwa) Allah swt, Allah swt will make a way
out for that person (will solve and show new ways of solving the problem), and Allah swt will provide for
that person from ways they did not know at all. And whosoever puts their trust in Allah, Allah swt shall
come to his assistance. Therefore, put your trust in Allah swt, He will never disappoint you.

If you place your trust in Allah swt completely you will got o Jannah without hisab (judging). The Prophet
pbuh said in a hadith when he was taken into the journey of isra wal maraj he saw a prophet with two
followers and another with many followers and one without any followers. Then the Prophet pbuh saw
a group of followers and then he asked Jabril are these my followers and he said no. Then Prophet
Mohammed pbuh saw a horizon that was so large and then Jabril said those are your followers. 70,000
of the prophets pbuh followers will enter jannah without judgment. Those are the people that had their
full trust in Allah swt Al-Wakeel. Then Okasha asked the Prophet pbuh to pray for him to be one of the
70,000 and the Prophet pbuh makes duaa for him to be one of them. The Prophet pbuh asked Allah swt
to increase the number more than 70,000 people and then Allah swt said that he will increase that
number in that every 70,000, each person can take with them another 70,000 with them to Jannah
without any reckoning. Therefore, the number is 70,000 to the square of 2 = 4.5 million people.






Indeed all praise is due to Allah (swt).We praise him, we seek His help, we seek His forgiveness
and we seek refuge with Him from the evil of our souls and the evil of our actions. Whomsoever
Allah (swt) guides, none can misguide and whomsoever Allah (swt) leaves to stray, none can
guide. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship save Allah (swt), the One who has no
partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw) is His servant and Messenger. The best
speech is the speech of Allah and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (saw). The
worst of all matters are those newly introduced in the religion. Every newly introduced matter is
an innovation and every innovation is going astray. All going astray leads to Hellfire.

We ask Allah (swt) that he make this action sincerely for Him, as all good contained in these
notes is from Him, and we ask Allah (swt) to forgive us for any errors as they are all from us.
Please use these notes to complement your personal notes and not to supplement them



Jazakum Allahu Khairan,


Scribe Team

TABLE OF CONTENTS
The Names that Manifest His Sovereignty ...................................................................................... 5
Al-Aleem: The All Knowing ...................................................................................................... 5
Al-Aalem: The Knower ................................................................................................................ 5
Al-Hakim: The All Wise ............................................................................................................. 5
Al-Khabeer: The All Aware ........................................................................................................ 5
Ar-Raqeeb: The All Watchful .................................................................................................... 9
As-Shaheed: The Omniscient Witness the Testifier .................................................................... 9
Al-Muhaymin: The Safeguarder. The Ever-Watching .................................................................. 9
As-Sami: The All Hearing........................................................................................................ 10
Al-Basser: The All Seeing ........................................................................................................ 11
Al-Muheet: The All Encompassing .......................................................................................... 11
Al-Hafeedh: The Protector. The Guardian ................................................................................. 11
Al-Haafedh: The Preserver ........................................................................................................ 12
The Names that Manifest Absolute Beauty .................................................................................. 12
Al-Jameel: The Beautiful. The Graceful ..................................................................................... 12
Al-Quddus: The Most Holy. The All Perfect ............................................................................ 12
As-Salam: The source of Peace. The Flawless ........................................................................... 12
At-Tayyeb: The Good ................................................................................................................. 13
The Names that Trigger the Love of Allah in the Heart ................................................................. 13
Al-Jawwaad: The Bestower of Good ......................................................................................... 13
Al-Muhsin: The Supreme Doer of Good .................................................................................... 13
Al-Mannan: The Bestower ......................................................................................................... 14
Ar-Rauf: The Most Kind. The Gentle ......................................................................................... 14
Al-Barr: The All Good .............................................................................................................. 14
Al-Hafiy: The most welcome. The Most Affectionate ............................................................... 14
Al-Wahhab: The superb Bestower ............................................................................................ 14
Ar-Rahman: the Most Beneficent .............................................................................................. 15
Ar-Raheem: the Most Merciful ................................................................................................. 15
Al-Kareem: The Generous. The All Laudable .......................................................................... 17
Al-Akram: The Ever Most Generous .......................................................................................... 17
Al-Qabid: The Withholder. The Restrainer. The Constrictor ..................................................... 18
Al-Basit: The Expander. The Extender. The Releaser ................................................................ 18
Al-Muti: The Superb Giver ........................................................................................................ 18
Al-Mubin: The Manifest. The Clear ........................................................................................... 18
As-Shaafi: The Ultimate Healer ................................................................................................. 19
Al-hayiy: The Ultimate Modest .................................................................................................. 19
Al-Mumin: The Giver of Security. The Remover of Fear .......................................................... 20
As-Shakur: The Appreciative ..................................................................................................... 20
As-Shakir: The Recognizer and Rewarder of Good .................................................................... 21
Al-Latif: The Most Subtle ........................................................................................................... 21
Ar-Rafiq: The Most Gentle ......................................................................................................... 21
Al-Halim: The Most Forbearing. The Most Serene .................................................................... 21
Al-Wadud: The Most Affectionate. The Most Loving ................................................................ 22
At-Tawwab: The Acceptor of Repentance. The Oft-Forgiving ................................................... 22
Al-Ghaffar: The All Forgiving ................................................................................................... 23
Al-Ghafur: The Forgiving. The Pardoner .................................................................................... 23
Al-Afu: The Effacer of the Sins. The Pardoner .......................................................................... 23
Al-Muqeet: The Ultimate Nourisher: The Superb Sustainer ..................................................... 24
Ar-Razzaaq: The Ultimate Provider ........................................................................................... 24
Al-Fattah: The Granter of Success. The Ultimate Opener. The Superb Arbiter ........................ 25
Al-Qareeb: The Near. The Close ................................................................................................ 25
Al-Mujeeb: The Answers of Prayers. The Supreme Answerer .................................................. 26








THE NAMES THAT MANIFEST HIS SOVEREIGNTY

AL-ALEEM: THE ALL KNOWING
Al-Aleem comes from the root word to know, to have knowledge, to be cognizant, to be
aware. Al-Aleem is the One who comprehends everything. AlAleem is the One who is intuitively
aware of all things, even before they happen. The One who knows with certainty. Al-Aleem is
indicative of the extreme form of AlAlem.

AL-AALEM: THE KNOWER
Al-Alem comes from the root word knowledgeable. Al-Alems knowledge is absolute and
through. He knows everything

AL-HAKIM: THE ALL WISE
Al-Hakim which comes from the root word , to be wise. Al-Hakim is the One to whom
belongs the highest wisdom, the One who is All-Wise in His creation and command. Al-Hakim
perfected everything He created.

There are two types of wisdom:
1. Wisdom concerning His creation
2. Wisdom in His legislation and command

AL-KHABEER: THE ALL AWARE

AlAleem and Al-Alem denote knowing with certainly, especially intuitive knowing, omniscience.
Al-Khabir denotes an understanding of the inner qualities, secrets and true reality.

There are 3 levels of Allahs knowledge:
1. His knowledge of the past
2. His knowledge of the future
3. His knowledge of the present

Allah (swt) also says in Suratl Al-An`am verse 59:


And with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them except Him. And He knows what is
on the land and in the sea. Not a leaf falls but that He knows it. And no grain is there within the
darknesses of the earth and no moist or dry *thing+ but that it is *written+ in a clear record.

Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that Prophet (SAW) said, "Every child is born with a true faith of
Islam (i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone) but his parents convert him to Judaism, Christianity
or Magainism, as an animal delivers a perfect baby animal. Do you find it mutilated?" Then Abu
Hurayrah recited the holy verses: "The pure Allah's Islamic nature (true faith of Islam) (i.e.
worshipping none but Allah) with which He has created human beings. No change let there be in
the religion of Allah (i.e. joining none in worship with Allah). That is the straight religion (Islam)
but most of men know, not." [Bukhari]

Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated the Prophet (SAW) was asked about the offspring of the pagans. He
said, "Allah knows what they would have done (were they to live)." [Bukhari]

The children of the mushrikeen will be asked by Allah (SWT) to enter a piece of what looks like
Hellfire as a test of their obedience to Allah (SWT). If they enter it (the fire) it will be cool and
calm on them, as theyve entered Jannah for obeying Allah (SWT). Those who refuse will enter
Hellfire for if they are disobedient to all now, they would have been disobedient had they lived.

Allah (swt) also says in Surat Al-An`am verse 39:



But those who deny Our verses are deaf and dumb within darknesses. Whomever Allah wills -
He leaves astray; and whomever He wills - He puts him on a straight path.



This ayah is further explained by verse 69 in Surat Al-`Ankabt in which Allah (SWT) says:



And those who strive for Us - We will surely guide them to Our ways. And indeed, Allah is with
the doers of good.

Allah (swt) also says in Surat Al-Fath verse 27:



Certainly has Allah showed to His Messenger the vision in truth. You will surely enter al-Masjid
al-Haram, if Allah wills, in safety, with your heads shaved and [hair] shortened, not fearing
[anyone]. He knew what you did not know and has arranged before that a conquest near [at
hand+.

Surat al-Fath was revealed during the reconciliation of Al-Hudaybiyyah. During the month of
Dhul-Qa`dah, in the sixth year of Hijrah, the idolaters prevented the Prophet (SAW) from
reaching Masjid Al-Haram to perform the `Umrah he intended. They stopped the Prophet from
reaching Makkah at that time, but then were prone to peace negotiations. A peace treaty was
conducted stipulating that the Messenger would return this year and then come back for
`Umrah the following year. The Messenger agreed. However, some of the Companions disliked
these terms, including `Umar bin Al-Khattab. After the Prophet slaughtered his sacrificial animals
in the area where he was stopped and headed back to Madinah, Allah (SWT) in His Infinite
Knowledge revealed this Surah about what occurred between him and the idolaters. Allah
declared the Al-Hudaybiyyah peace treaty a manifest victory, because of the benefits peace
would carry and the good results that did originate from it as there was peace in the land for 10
years, which is why the Surat is called Al-Fath (The Victory).

This ayah again demonstrates that Allah (SWT) is Al-AlAleem (The All-Knowing) and Al-Hakim
(The All-Wise).


In Surat al-A`raf ayah 54 Allah (SWT) says:


Indeed, your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and earth in six days and then established
Himself above the Throne. He covers the night with the day, [another night] chasing it rapidly;
and [He created] the sun, the moon, and the stars, subjected by His command. Unquestionably,
His is the creation and the command; blessed is Allah, Lord of the worlds.

Imam al-Qurtubi (rahimahullah) says in Tafseer Allah mentioned this period to teach His slaves
deliberation and kindness. To manifest His power to the angels step by step, because Allah (SWT)
has decreed a course for everything.

Ibn al-Jawzi (rahimahullah) in his Tafseer said If it is said, why did He not create it in an instant
when He is Able to do so? There are five answers to this question:

1. He wanted to create something each day to show His power to the angels and those who
witnessed it.

2. He was preparing things for Adam and his offspring before Adam existed, to emphasize
Adams high standing before the angels.

3. Doing things in a short time is more indicative of power, and deliberation is more
indicative of wisdom. Allah wanted to manifest His wisdom in that, just as He manifested
His power when He said, Be! And it is.

4. He taught deliberation to His slaves, because if the One Who does not make mistakes
created the universe in a deliberate manner, then it is more appropriate for those who
are vulnerable to making mistakes to do things in a deliberate manner.

5. Creation was accomplished step by step, lest anyone think that this happened as the
result of an accident of nature.


AR-RAQEEB: THE ALL WATCHFUL
Ar-Raqeeb comes from the root word to look, watch to be vigilant. Ar-Raqeeb is the One
who watches all things. The One who is the ever vigilant witness. The One who observers all
thoughts, deeds and feelings.

AS-SHAHEED: THE OMNISCIENT WITNESS THE TESTIFIER
As-Shaheed comes from the root word to bear witness , to offer testimony. As-Shaheed is
the One who directly and ever-presently observes everything in creation, The one from whose
knowledge nothing is hidden.

Ibn Abbas (RA) said The sins of the heart, and those hearts that oppose the legislation of Allah
are greater (and worse) than the actions of the limbs, because sins of the heart show that you
fear others more than Allah. (Paraphrased unable to find exact hadith)

Muslims need to purify our inner selves, just like outer deeds which we polish for others.

AL-MUHAYMIN: THE SAFEGUARDER. THE EVER-WATCHING
Al-Muhaymin comes from the root word to watch over, to oversee. Al-Muhaymin is the
One who is ever watchful. The One who see all hidden matters.

{Aside: We need to go back and teach our kids, that we can fool others but Al-Muhaymin is
always watching us. Taking example from the story of how Abu Hanifahs parents were married
and pious young milk girl who feared Allah related below, we instill in our children that
awareness that no matter what their doing Allah is watching.

Narrated `Abdullah ibn Zayd ibn Aslam, from his father, from his grandfather, who said:
When I was accompanying `Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA) on his patrol of Madinah at night, he felt
tired, so he leant against a wall. It was the middle of the night, and (we heard) a woman say to
her daughter, O my daughter, get up and mix that milk with some water.
The girl said, O Mother, did you not hear the decree of Amir al-Muminin today?
The mother said, What was that?
The girl said, He ordered someone to announce in a loud voice that milk should not be mixed
with water.
The mother said, Get up and mix the milk with water; you are in a place where `Umar cannot
see you.
The girl told her mother, Amir al-Muminin may not see me but Allah (SWT) can. I cannot obey
Him (Allah) in public and disobey Him in private.
`Umar (RA) heard this, and told me:
O Aslam, go to that place and see who that girl is, and to whom she was speaking, and whether
she has a husband.
So I went to that place, and I saw that she was unmarried, the other woman was her mother,
and neither of them had a husband. I came to `Umar (RA) and told him what I had found out. He
called his sons together, and said to them:Do any of you need a wife, so I can arrange the
marriage for you? If I had the desire to get married, I would have been the first one to marry this
young woman.
`Asim said: I do not have a wife, so let me marry her.
So `Umar arranged for her to be married to `Asim. She gave him a daughter, who grew up to be
the mother of `Umar ibn `Abd al-`Aziz (rahimahullah) who was called 'Umar al Thani (the second
'Umar). }

There are 3 methods of watchfulness:
1. Allah (SWT)
2. The angels
3. The persons consciousness

AS-SAMI: THE ALL HEARING
As-Sami comes from the root word to hear, to listen. As-Sami is the One whose hearing
and attention comprehends everything. The One who pays attention to every supplication and
invocation. The One who listens to every voice.

The hearing of Allah (SWT) comprises three meanings:

1. Hearing of the voices
In first ayah of Surat Al-Mujadila Allah (SWT) says:



Certainly has Allah heard the speech of the one who argues with you, *O Muhammad+,
concerning her husband and directs her complaint to Allah. And Allah hears your
dialogue; indeed, Allah is Hearing and Seeing.

Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `A'ishah said, "Blessed is He, Whose hearing has
encompassed all things. I heard what Khawlah bint Tha`labah said while some of it I
could not hear. She was complaining to Allah's Messenger about her husband. She said,
`O Allah's Messenger! He spent my wealth, exhausted my youth and my womb bore
abundantly for him. When I became old, unable to bear children, he pronounced the
Ziharon me! O Allah! I complain to you.' Soon after, Jibril brought down the ayah.

2. Understanding

3. Acceptance
Allah (SWT) accepting the duaas of believers. In Surat Ibrahim ayah 39, Prophet Ibrahim
said Praise to Allah , who has granted to me in old age Ishmael and Isaac. Indeed, my
Lord is the Hearer of supplication.

AL-BASSER: THE ALL SEEING
Al-Basser comes from the root word to see, behold, notice. Al-Basser is the One whose
insight sees all things clearly, both apparent and the hidden. The One who sees and understands
all that has passed before and all that will happen. The One who has insight into all things. The
One who perceives every detail.

Ibul Qayyim (rahimahullah) defines the degrees of Al-Baseerah (insight) as follows:

1. Al-Baseerah in His names and Attributes
2. Al-Baseerah in His legislations and orders
3. Al-Baseerah in His promises and warnings

AL-MUHEET: THE ALL ENCOMPASSING
Al-Muheet comes from the root word to cover, to encompass. The One, who has
knowledge of everything, has power over everything. His mercy encompasses everything and He
is dominant over everything.

AL-HAFEEDH: THE PROTECTOR. THE GUARDIAN
Al-Hafeedh comes from the root word to guard, protect. Al-Hafeedh is the One who
protects and preserves all from perishing. The One who is vigilantly guarding every detail of that
has been created. Al-Hafeedh is more intensive than Al-Haafedh.




AL-HAAFEDH: THE PRESERVER
Al-Haafedh comes from the root word to preserve. Al-Haafedh is the One whose power
preserves the heavens and the earth. The One who is the guardian and preserver of all the
worlds.


THE NAMES THAT MANIFEST ABSOLUTE BEAUTY

AL-JAMEEL: THE BEAUTIFUL. THE GRACEFUL
Al-Jameel comes from the root word beauty. Allah (SWT) is beautiful in His divine
essence, names, actions and attributes.

Ibul Qayyim (rahimahullah) said, Allah loves His blessings to be manifested upon his creations.
And it is from this gratitude in His blessings that shows outer beauty. The Internal beauty is from
your good manners and character.

Some of the beautiful manners mentioned in the Quran are:
Beautiful patience
Beautiful forgiveness

To live with Allah, Al-Jameel, one needs to:
Beautify our actions and moral conducts
Beautify our tongues by speaking truth
Beautify our hearts with sincere devotion
Beautify our faculties with obedience
Beautify our bodies by showing Allahs blessings upon us
Beautify our clothing by keeping them pure and clean

AL-QUDDUS: THE MOST HOLY. THE ALL PERFECT
Al-Quddus comes from the root word to be clean, pure, far from impurity or imperfection.
Al-Quddus is the One who is far from, and untouched by worldly imperfections or faults. He is
far removed from any defect just as He is far removed from anything resembling Him.
AS-SALAM: THE SOURCE OF PEACE. THE FLAWLESS
As-Salam comes from the root word to be peaceful, free from faults, complete and whole.
As-Salam is the One who is perfect, whole, prosperous and content. The One who is the source
of all peace, wholeness and safety.
Shaykh As-Saadi said, As-Salam is similar in meaning to Al-Quddus in that they both negate any
form of imperfection, while at the same time include unlimited perfection in every way. This is
due to the fact when deficiency has been removed, then all that remains is perfection.
AT-TAYYEB: THE GOOD
At-Tayyeb comes from the root word to purify. He is The Good and only accepts that
which is good and pure. He is above having any faults or shortcomings
Abu Hurayrah (RA)narrated that Prophet (SAW) said, O people, Allah is Good and does not
accept anything but that which is good. [Muslim]
This hadith sets forth a basic principle of Islam, that a Muslim must seek lawful provision for
himself and avoid what is unlawful. It shows us that engaging in forbidden acts directly affects a
Muslims relationship with Allah, so much so that his supplications and his good deeds may not
be accepted from him.
A Muslims wealth must be good and pure. It must be earned in a lawful manner and spent in a
lawful manner. A Muslim who has unlawful wealth in his possession must repent and rid himself
of it.

THE NAMES THAT TRIGGER THE LOVE OF ALLAH IN THE
HEART

AL-JAWWAAD: THE BESTOWER OF GOOD
Al-Jawwaad comes from the root word to give liberally and freely. Al-Jawwaad is the One
who gives freely and endlessly, without expectation of any return.
AL-MUHSIN: THE SUPREME DOER OF GOOD
Al-Muhsin comes from the root word to beautify something, to give generously. To Him
belongs the absolute goodness.
One needs to be a Muhsin (Doer of Good) in 3 things:
1. In dealing with Allah(SWT)
2. In dealing with ones self
3. In dealing with people

Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that Prophet (SAW) said, Ihsan is to worship Allah as if you see
Him, and if you do not achieve this state of devotion, then (take it for granted that) Allah sees
you."[Bukhari]
There are 4 elements of exclusive Ihsan:
1. Guidance to His religion
2. Easiness to adhere to His commands
3. Steadfastness
4. Granting of Paradise

AL-MANNAN: THE BESTOWER
Al-Mannan comes from the root word to confer favors. Al-Mannan is the One who bestows
and confers His favors on His slaves.
Anas (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, O Allah, there is no god but You, the Bestower,
the Originator of the heavens and the earth, the Possessor of majesty and honor. [at-Tirmidhi]
Bestowing favors (Al-Mennah) is of two kinds:
1. By action (praiseworthy)
2. By word (blameworthy)
AR-RAUF: THE MOST KIND. THE GENTLE
Ar-Rauf comes from the root word to be king, gentle, and compassionate. Ar-Rauf is the
One who bestows boundless clemency, tenderness and affection.
The term Ar-Rauf indicates tender affection and is regarded as the utmost mercy and
compassion, the ultimate limit of Ar-Rahim. The meaning is similar to At-Rahim, but focuses
attention on the utmost tenderness, kindness and affection which accompanies the outpouring
of mercy and compassion.
AL-BARR: THE ALL GOOD
Al-Barr comes from the root word to be beneficent, bestow bountiful gifts. Al-Barr is the One
who bountifully bestows the gifts of tolerance, gentles, goodness and kindness. The One who is
merciful and compassionate.
AL-HAFIY: THE MOST WELCOME. THE MOST AFFECTIONATE
Al-Hafiy comes from the root word to greatly welcome. Al-Hairy is the intensive form of Al-
Barr, and the most generous.
AL-WAHHAB: THE SUPERB BESTOWER
Al-Wahhab comes from the root word to give for no compensation. Al-Wahhab is the One
who continually bestows gifts, favors, and blessings upon all of creation. He bestows precious,
unconditional gifts upon His worshippers without demanding anything in return, and without
them having done anything prior to the bestowal. He bestows upon them, out of love and
affection for them. Someone who bestows once is a bestower, but He who bestows various
gifts, over and over again is The Superb Bestower.
The Prophet (SAW) said, Exchange gifts to increase love between you. [Sunan Abu Dawood]
(Paraphrased unable to find exact hadith)
The gifts of Allah (SWT) will never bring any harm upon the recipient.
There is a difference between Ar-Razzaq (The Provider) and Al-Wahhab (The Superb Bestower):
Ar-Razzaq provides regular sustenance which is based upon how much effort you put in,
you have to take action and work to receive the fruits of your labor.
Al-Wahhab bestows upon chosen believers, unexpected gifts for which they have not
worked.

We truly do not know the number of Allah (SWT) the Superb Bestower has blessed us with:
Your children
Your spouses
The ability to forgive and forget

Allah (SWT) besots gifts for two reasons:
1. Out of love for you
2. To have you return to Him

AR-RAHMAN: THE MOST BENEFICENT
Ar-Rahman comes from the word to have tenderness, gentleness, and kindness. The root
also indicates womb: meaning that which provides protection and nourishment, and that
from which all of creation is brought into being. The One who continually showers all of Creation
with blessings and prosperity without any disparity. The One who is most kind, loving and
merciful.
AR-RAHEEM: THE MOST MERCIFUL
Ar-Raheem comes from the word to have mercy, to have piety. Ar-Raheem is the One
who grants even more grace and greater rewards in response to our good actions and high
thoughts. The One who has mercy on the merciful.
Ar-Rahman is mentioned 57 times in the Quran and Ar-Raheem is mentioned 114 times.
Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak said, Ar-Rahman the one who asks he gives, Ar-Raheem becomes
upset when not asked.
Ar-Rahman is comprehensive to all of mankind while Ar-Rahmeen is special only to believers.
Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullah) said, Ar-Rahman indicates an attribute of His divine essence, Ar-
Raheem is the One who bestows his rahma (mercy) on all of mankind.
There are mainly two types of Rahma:
1. Specific Rahma
2. General Rahma

Allah (SWT) says in Surat Al-A`raf ayah 156:



And decree for us in this world *that which is+ good and *also+ in the Hereafter; indeed, we have
turned back to You." [ Allah ] said, "My punishment - I afflict with it whom I will, but My mercy
encompasses all things." So I will decree it [especially] for those who fear Me and give zakah and
those who believe in Our verses

'Umar ibn Khattab (RA) narrated that there were brought some prisoners to Allah's Messenger
(SAW) amongst whom there was also a woman, who was searching (for someone) and when she
found a child amongst the prisoners, she took hold of it, pressed it against her chest and
provided it suck. Thereupon Allah's Messenger (SAW) said: Do you think this woman would ever
afford to throw her child in the Fire? We said: By Allah, so far as it lies in her power, she would
never throw the child in Fire. ' Thereupon Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Allah
is more kind to His servants than this woman is to her child. [Muslim]






AL-KAREEM: THE GENEROUS. THE ALL LAUDABLE
Al-Kareem comes from the word to be noble, grand, generous and giving. Al-Kareem is the
One whose kind, noble and generous essence is most esteemed, valued and honored. The One
who is endlessly gives all manner of precious gifts, including support and refuge.
AL-AKRAM: THE EVER MOST GENEROUS
Al-Akram comes from the root word to be more generous. Al-Akram is the extreme
indicator of Al-Kareem.

Imam al-Qurtubi (rahimahullah) said, Al-Akram depicts Allahs divine essence and Al-Kareem
depicts Allahs actions.

Al-Kareem has favored and selected us Muslims over all of His creations; know then that Allah
(SWT) will NEVER let you down.

Allah (SWT) says in Surat Al-Isra ayah 70:



And We have certainly honored the children of Adam and carried them on the land and sea and
provided for them of the good things and preferred them over much of what We have created,
with *definite+ preference.

Allah (SWT) has honored man in many ways:
Molding
Breathed into man of His spirit
Commanding the angels to prostrate to him
Made him from clay and water
Made him His successor on earth
Made the angels his guardian in life and servants in the Here

Allah (SWT) has honored you with Islam, so do not disgrace yourself by committing sins. We
the last of all His creations will be the first to enter Jannah.

Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that Allah's Messenger (SAW) said, We who are the last shall be
the first on the Day of Resurrection, except that every Ummah was given the Book before us and
we were given it after them. It was this day which Allah prescribed for us and guided us to it and
the people came after us with regard to it, the Jews observing the next day and the Christians the
day following that. [Muslim]

To live with Al-Kareem and Al-Akram, one needs to:
Build their self-respect
Not degrade others
Honor people, as Al-Kareem will then honour you
Think of a sin that is degrading you, and cease it immediately

AL-QABID: THE WITHHOLDER. THE RESTRAINER. THE CONSTRICTOR
Al-Qabid comes from the root word to take in hand, to have absolute ownership of
something. Al-Qabid is the One whose wisdom causes withholding, either physically or
spiritually. The One whose wisdom decides when to withhold something, or make something
scarce. The One in whose hand all hearts are held. The One whose hand collects all souls at the
time of death.
Anas ibn Malik narrated that the prophet (SAW) said, Allah is the One who withholds, bestows
and sets values. I hope that i will not meet Allah with anyone demanding restitution from me for
any wrongdoing I may have done to him with regard to his blood and wealth.
AL-BASIT: THE EXPANDER. THE EXTENDER. THE RELEASER
Al-Basit comes from the root word to grant abundance, to expand, to enlarge. Al-Basit is
the One who makes ample and plentiful all that is needed. The One who makes the way wide
and open. The One who stretches out a helping hand to mankind.
Al-Basit is the opposite of Al-Qabid.
AL-MUTI: THE SUPERB GIVER
Al-Muti comes from the root word to give. Al-Muti is the One who gives and amplifies all
in abundance.
AL-MUBIN: THE MANIFEST. THE CLEAR
Al-Mubin comes from the root word to clarify, to give the ultimate evidence. Allah is the
One who makes all things clear to His slaves by guiding them to the guided path. By making,
clear to them the deeds, by which they will deserve reward or punishment. He makes clear all
which they bring forth.
Al-Mubin is similar to Az-Zahir, the One who manifests all of creation and whose essence is
shown throughout all of creation.
AS-SHAAFI: THE ULTIMATE HEALER
As-Shaafi comes from the root word to cure. Only As-Shaafi can remove an illness, for He
is the One who created it. He is The Healer of all diseases.
There are two types of cures
1. Cure of the heart and soul
2. Cure of the body
AL-HAYIY: THE ULTIMATE MODEST
Al-Hayiy comes from the root word to be shy, modest, and chaste. Al-Hayiys modesty is
based on kindness, goodness, generosity and majesty. By His mercy, generosity, perfection and
forbearance, Allah is too modest to expose His slaves or carry out His punishment on the. He is
too modest to reject anyone who stretches froth his hand to Him, and He loves people who are
modest.
Ibul Qayyim (rahimahullah) said, He is The Modest who does not expose His slave even though
he audaciously commits sin. But He covers him, for He is the Concealer, the One who forgives.
Abu Said Al-Khudri (RA) narrated, The Prophet was more shy than a virgin in her separate room.
And if he saw a thing which he disliked, we would recognize that (feeling) in his face. [Bukhari]
The one who does not have Haya (modesty) does not have Emaan (faith) as narrated by Abu
Hurayrah the Prophet (SAW) said, Emaan has over seventy branches, and modesty is a branch
of Emaan. [Bukhari and Muslim]
There are two types of modesty:
1. Modesty built through natural inclination
2. Modesty built through our Emaan, and acquired through following the deen
How can we acquire modesty?
Realization of Emaan
Adherence to Salah
Keeping righteous company
Look at the extreme amount of Haya that Aisha bint Abu Bakr (RA) possessed even in the
presence of the deceased:
'Aisha (RA) said, "I used to enter the room where the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and my father
(Abu Bakr) were later buried in without having my garment on me, saying it is only my husband
and my father. But when Umar ibn Al-Khattab (RA) was later buried in (the same place), I did
not enter the room except that I had my garment on being shy from Umar." (Paraphrased
unable to find exact hadith)
AL-MUMIN: THE GIVER OF SECURITY. THE REMOVER OF FEAR
Al-Mumin comes from the root word to be secure, safe, to grant protection. Al-Mumin is
the one who faithfully bestows the fits of peace, safety and security.
This name has two meanings:
Trust and Belief (Attasdeeq)
Security

Allah (SWT) as He is the One that gives security guards the Quran, as He says in Surat Al-Hijr
ayah 9:

Indeed, it is We who sent down the Qur'an and indeed, We will be its guardian.
AS-SHAKUR: THE APPRECIATIVE
As-Shakur comes from the root word to offer thanks. As-Shakur is the One who is most
thankful for righteousness and bestows great rewards for good deeds. The One who gratefully
gives large rewards, even for a small amount of good work. The Appreciative is the One who
appreciates your deeds, however small they are, and doubles the rewards for you in this world
and in the hereafter.
As-Shakur is a more indicative than As-Shakir.
Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated the Prophet (SAW) said, While a man was on the way, he found a
thorny branch of a tree there on the way and removed it. Allah thanked him for that deed and
forgave him." [Bukhari]
{Aside: When people started to migrate to Madinah, Umm Salamah and her son set out in the
dead of the night to make the journey as her husband has already hijra. At Tan'im she met
'Uthman ibn Talha (who had not yet converted). He was astonished to find her going all alone,
risking herself to any freebooters on the way.
'Uthman could not face this situation. He got down from his camel and led the camel of Umm
Salamah by the halter. 'Uthman was a chivalrous Arab. At every stop or watering-place he would
make her camel kneel for her, and then withdraw and allow her to alight with convenience. He
would then tie the camel to a tree, and himself would go a little away from her and lie down
under another tree. After a few days they were in Quba' (Madinah). He said to Umm Salamah:
"Your husband lives in this village. So enter it with the blessing of Allah! "'Uthman then left her
and went back to Makkah.
Whenever Umm Salamah thought of her sufferings, she used to proclaim: "By Allah, never have I
seen a family in Islam which suffered what the family of Abu Salamah did. Nor have I ever seen a
nobler man than 'Uthman ibn Talha!" [Ibn Hisham]}
AS-SHAKIR: THE RECOGNIZER AND REWARDER OF GOOD
As-Shakir comes from the root word to be grateful. As-Shakir is the One who
acknowledges and bountifully rewards all acts of goodness, thankfulness and praise.
As-Shakir is different from Al-Hamid, as Al-Hamid is praising Allah (SWT) while As-Shakir is Allah
(SWT) thanking you.
To live with As-Shakur and As-Shakir, one needs to:
Give and help
The more you give Allah (SWT) will give you even more for Allah (SWT) rewards those
that give for His sake.
Perform more good deeds
Cultivate sincerity

AL-LATIF: THE MOST SUBTLE
Al-Latif comes from the root word to be elegant, gentle and courteous. Al-Latif is the One
who is most subtle and gracious. The One whose nature is gentle, affectionate, courteous, and
refined. He is the One who is kind to His believing servants guiding them to that which would
benefit them and aid them via means that they are not aware, by His kindness and beneficence.
The One whose knowledge encompasses all the secrets and hidden matters.
Al- Latif has two meanings:
Al-Khabeer (The All-Knowing)
Kindness and gentleness

AR-RAFIQ: THE MOST GENTLE
Ar-Rafiq comes from the root word to be gentle. Ar-Rafiq is gentle in His actions. He
created all creation gradually, bit by bit, according to His wisdom and gentleness despite the fact
that He was capable of creating it all at one time and in a moment.
AL-HALIM: THE MOST FORBEARING. THE MOST SERENE
Al-Halim comes from the root word to be forbearing, lenient and forgiving. Al-Halim is the
One who is kind, gracious and serene in all situations. The One who is calm and deliberate,
never hasty, even with the rebellious and wrongdoers.
Halim is the patience that arises from a sense of deep serenity, lenience, calm deliberation. Al-
Halim is gentle upon those that disobey Him and in censuring them so that perchance they may
repent.

AL-WADUD: THE MOST AFFECTIONATE. THE MOST LOVING
Al-Wadud comes from the root word to love, to be affectionate. Al-Wadud is the One who
loves. The One who is source of all love and loving-kindness. The One who loves His Prophet and
Messengers and those who follow them and they in turn love Him.
Affection is more comprehensive than love. Love is inner feelings, yet affection is the translation
of these feelings into actions and behaviours.
Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated the Prophet said, "If Allah loves a person, He calls Gabriel saying,
'Allah loves so and-so; O Gabriel! Love him.' Gabriel would love him and make an announcement
amongst the inhabitants of the Heaven. 'Allah loves so-and-so, therefore you should love him
also,' and so all the inhabitants of the Heaven would love him, and then he is granted the
pleasure of the people on the earth." [Bukhari]
There are two types of Wud (Affection):
1. General Wud
Allah (SWT) creation of the night for people to rest is His general affection for humanity.
2. Specific Wud
Allah (SWT) love and affection towards the believers and the righteous ones.

To live with Al-Wadud, one needs to:
To love Allah from all your heart
Get close to Allah and invoke Him
Be kind to your spouse, children, family and all humanity

AT-TAWWAB: THE ACCEPTOR OF REPENTANCE. THE OFT-FORGIVING
At-Tawwab comes from the root word to return, to repent, to be restored. At-Tawwab is
the One who beckons for our return. The One who repeatedly turns mankind towards
repentance. The One who forgives those who return to goodness. The One who restores to
grace those who repent. The One who forgives those who forgive others.
Tawbah (repentance) is not only meant for the sinners, the Prophet (SAW) used to ask Allah
(SWT) for his forgiveness even though he was the Prophet and was sinless. We see that despite
this he used to repent to Allah more than 70 times a day.

"O people, make Tawbah to Allah. By Allah, I make Tawbah to Him more than seventy times
each day."[Bukhari]

At-Tawwab is two kinds:
Allah bestows the repentance in the heart of His servants
The acceptance of the repentance from His servants once they repent

People are generally of 3 types when committing sins:
Dhaalim (wrong doers)
Dhaloom (unjust)
Musrif (trangessors)

AL-GHAFFAR: THE ALL FORGIVING
Al-Ghaffar comes from the root word to pardon, to cover, to forgive. Al-Ghaffar is the One
who accepts repentance and veils or forgives our faults and sins, time and time again. The One
who sets us free from the guilt and shame of our sins and faults, such that we may discover
inner harmony.
AL-GHAFUR: THE FORGIVING. THE PARDONER
Al-Ghafur comes from the root word to pardon, to veil, to conceal. Al-Ghafur is the One
who completely forgives our sins and faults. The One who accepts repentance and pardons sins
and faults. The One who accepts repentance and pardons sins and faults. The One who veils or
forgives our faults and sins such that they are not seen by anyone else, not even the angels.
Al-Ghaffar is more intensive than Al-Ghafur.
The names Ghafur and Ghaffar have 3 meanings:
Allah conceals His servants shameful deeds in this life
Allah wouldnt expose His pious servants shameful deeds in the Hereafter
Allah would protect His righteous servants from Hellfire on the Day of Judgment
AL-AFU: THE EFFACER OF THE SINS. THE PARDONER
Al-Afu comes from the root word to efface, to remove, to forgive. Al-Afu is the One who
blots out and leaves no trace of any sin or fault. The One who passes over and absolves any
fault. The One who removes and obliterates all traces of wrong actions.
Al-Afu has two basic meanings:
1. Giving willingly without being asked
2. Eradicating / wiping out of the sins

Al-Afu is more intensive and comprehensive than Al-Ghaffar. Al-Ghaffar forgives the sins but Al-
Afu obliterates them.
If you live with Al-Afu, He shall give you the following 3:
Efface the trace of your sins
Becomes pleased and satisfied
Gives you without even asking

The main difference between the Al-Afu and At-Tawwab is Al-Afu leads you to At-Tawwab.

To live with Al-Afu, one key thing is needed:
Learn to efface peoples sins and Al-Afu shall efface yours

AL-MUQEET: THE ULTIMATE NOURISHER: THE SUPERB SUSTAINER
Al-Muqeet comes from the root word to feed, to nourish, to supply. Al-Muqeet is the One
who has the ability to nourish all of creation. The One who maintains all that exists and overseas
all things. The One who guards and preserves.

AR-RAZZAAQ: THE ULTIMATE PROVIDER
Ar-Razzaaq comes from the root word to receive something beneficial. Ar-Razzaaq is the
One who creates all means of nourishment and subsistence. The One who is the giver of all
things beneficial, both physical and spiritual. The One who provides everything that is needed
and causes the means of subsistence to come. The One who bestows all means of support and
growth, for the body, the mind and the spiritual life.
There is a difference between Ar-Razzaaq and Ar-Raazeq, although the Al-Raazeq wasnt
mentioned in the Quran:
Ar-Raazeq is the One who gives to some and withholds from others
Ar-Razzaaq is the One who gives to everyone

Allahs rizq is of two types:
Generic, which is meant for all creatures including the Jinn and the Angels
Exclusive Rizq, which is also divided into two parts:
o Provision of the hearts with knowledge and Emaan
o Provision of the bodies with Halal sustenance

Sometimes we think that Rizq is only money, but our families, homes, friends, children are Rizq
from Allah (SWT).
Abu Umamah narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, The Holy Spirit (Jibreel) has inspired to me
that no soul will die until it has completed its appointed term and received its provision in full, so
fear Allah and do not be desperate in seeking provision, and no one of you should be tempted to
seek provision by means of committing sin if it is slow in coming to him, for that which is with
Allah can only be attained by obeying Him. [Al-Hilya]
To live with Ar-Razzaaq, one needs to:
Acquire piety
Beware of unlawful provisions
Endeavor towards seeking halal provisions
Actively seek forgiveness
Have self-esteem

AL-FATTAH: THE GRANTER OF SUCCESS. THE ULTIMATE OPENER. THE SUPERB
ARBITER
Al-Fattah comes from the root word to open, to unlock, to make victorious. Al-Fattah is the
One who is the judge and revealer. The One who opens what is closed and is the judge of what
shall be opened. The One who lifts veils and who opens the heart. The One who unites the
knots, and softens that which has hardened. The One who gives victory and opens the door to
success.
Al-Fattah has 3 main meanings:
The One who alleviates distresses and resolves all difficulties
The One who grants success
The one who arbitrates with justice between opponents

When seeking a job a person should call upon Al-Fattah.

To live with Al-Fattah, one needs to:
Approach Al-Fattah with humbleness
Never despair the mercy of Allah
Help others for Allah to open doors for you
AL-QAREEB: THE NEAR. THE CLOSE
Al-Qareeb comes from the root word to be close. Al-Qareeb is exalted and is close to
everybody.
Al-Qareeb closeness is of two types:

1. The general closeness which means His being close to everyone with respect to His
knowledge, awareness, seeing, witnessing and encompassing.

2. The precise closeness is specific to His worshippers: those who ask of Him and those
who love Him. The reality of this type of closeness cannot be comprehended; all we can
see is its resulting effects. i.e. His kindness to His servants, His care of them and His
making them to be firm upon the straight path.


AL-MUJEEB: THE ANSWERS OF PRAYERS. THE SUPREME ANSWERER
Al-Mujeeb comes from the root to answer, to accept, to respond. Al-Mujeeb is the One
who answers prayers, the One who responds to needs. The One who penetrates through every
obstacle in order to respond. The One who responds to an invitation.
In Surat Al-Baqarah ayah 186 Allah (SWT) says:

And when My servants ask you, *O Muhammad+, concerning Me - indeed I am near. I respond
to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by
obedience+ and believe in Me that they may be *rightly+ guided.
This is the only ayah in which Allah (SWT) tells the Prophet (SAW) when they ask about me, tell
them this.
Ibul Qayyim (rahimahullah) said, When you invoke Allah in duaa either 3 things will happen:
1. Allah (SWT)will answer you on the spot
2. Allah (SWT) will ward off evil that was supposed to happen to you.
3. Allah (SWT) will not give you what you want in this life but give it you in the akhirah.
Allahs answering is divided into two types:
General answering (IJaaabah Aammah)
Specific and exclusive answering (IJaaabah Khaassah)

The etiquettes and conditions for the Al-Mujeeb to answer your duaa are:
Wudu (ablution)
Raising the hands
Facing the Qiblah
More likely that your duaa will be accepted if you face the qiblah
Praising and glorifying Allah (SWT)
Invoking Allah with His names and attributes

There are 22 instances whereby the supplication could be answered:
1. Use the greatest names of Allah
Anas ibn Malik (RA) narrated I was sitting with the Apostle of Allah (SAW) and a man
was offering prayer. He then made supplication: O Allah, I ask Thee by virtue of the
fact that praise is due to Thee, there is no deity but Thou, Who shows favour and
beneficence, the Originator of the Heavens and the earth, O Lord of Majesty and
Splendour, O Living One, O Eternal One.
The Prophet (SAW) then said, He has supplicated Allah using His Greatest Name,
when supplicated by this name, He answers, and when asked by this name He
gives. [Abu Dawwod]
2. Last third of the night
Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that Allahs Messenger (SAW) said, In the last third of
every night our Rabb (Cherisher and Sustainer) (Allah (SWT)) descends to the lowermost
heaven and says; "Who is calling Me, so that I may answer him? Who is asking Me so
that may I grant him? Who is seeking forgiveness from Me so that I may forgive him?"
[Bukhari]

Ammar ibn Absah (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, The closest any
worshipper can be to His Lord is during the last part of the night, so if you can be
amongst those who remember Allah at that time, then do so.*at-Tirmidhi]
3. An hour of every night
4. The last half of the night
5. Between Adhan and Iqamah
Anas ibn Malik (RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said, The supplication made
between the adhan and the iqamah is not rejected. *Abu Dawood+
6. At the time of sujood
Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that Allahs Messenger (SAW) said, The closest position
that a person can be from God is at the time of Sujood; hence increase your Du'a'."
7. During rainfall
8. One hour of every Friday
Narrated Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that Allahs Messenger (SAW) talked about Friday
and said, There is an hour on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while offering Salat (prayer)
and asks something from Allah then Allah will definitely meet his demand. And he (the
Prophet (SAW) pointed out the shortness of that particular time with his hands.
[Bukhari]

9. Duaa after wudu
10. After drinking zam-zam
11. When you wake up at night
Ubada Bin As-Samit narrated that Allahs Messenger (SAW) said, Whomever wakes up
at night and says La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la shrika lahu lahulmulku, wa lahul
hamdu, wa huwa ala kulli shaiin qadir Alhamdu lillahi, wa subhanallahi wa la ilaha
illallahu,wallah akbir, wa la hawla wala quwata illa billah (none has the right to be
worshipped but Allah, He is the only one who has no partners. His is the kingdom and all
the praises are for Allah. All the glories are for Allah and none has the right to be
worshipped but Allah. And Allah is the most Great and there is neither might nor power
except with Allah) and then says Allahumma ighfir li (O Allah! Forgive me) or invokes
Allah, he will be responded to and if he makes ablution and performs Salat (prayer), his
Salat (prayer) will be accepted. [Bukhari]

12. When visiting the sick
13. When making duaa for someone in their absence
The prophet (SAW) said, There is no believing servant who supplicates for his brother in
his absence where the angels do not say, the same be for you. [Muslim]

14. During the day of Arafat
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, The best supplication is the supplication on the day
of Arafat. [At-Tirmidhi]

15. During Ramadan
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, When Ramadan comes, the Doors of Mercy are
opened, and the doors of Hell are closed, and the Shaytans are locked up [Muslim]

16. Duaa of the oppressed
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said to Muaad Ibn Jabal (RA), Beware of the
supplication of the unjustly treated, because there is no shelter or veil between it (the
supplication of the one who is suffering injustice) and Allah (SWT). [Bukhari and
Muslim]

17. Duaa of the parent to the child
The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said, Three supplications will not be rejected (by Allah
(SWT)), the supplication of the parent for his child, the supplication of the one who is
fasting, and the supplication of the traveler. [al- Bayhaqi, at-Tirmidhi - Sahih]

18. Duaa of the traveller
19. Duaa of the person who is fasting
20. Duaa of a just Imam
21. Duaa of a child to their parent
22. Duaa made when Muslims get together
The Prophet (SAW) said, If a group of people sit together remembering Allah, the
angels will circle them, mercy will shroud them, peace will descend onto them and Allah
will remember them among those with Him. [Muslim]


If you put your trust in Allah subhanahu wa taala, and sincerely call upon Him, He will answer
your call.