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1
ANSWERS, HINTS & SOLUTIONS
CRT I
(Main)
Q. No. PHYSICS CHEMISTRY MATHEMATICS
1. C D A
2. B B C
3. C C C
4. D C B
5. D C A
6. A A B
7. C B C
8. D D D
9. B B A
10. C A B
11. C C C
12. B B B
13. D B B
14. D A C
15. A B B
16. C B C
17. B B A
18. B D B
19. B B C
20. B B B
21. C C C
22. A C B
23. D D A
24. B B A
25. B C B
26. C C C
27. D D C
28. B B C
29. C C B
30. B A C
A
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P P h hy ys si i c cs s PART I
1.
6
3 14 10 5
1
=
15.7 = ohm metre.
2 r L R
r L R
o o o (
o = + +
(
ohm metre.
01 01
15 7 2
1 1 5
01 (
= + +
(
ohm metre
  15.7 02 01 002 = + + ohm metre
15.7 032 = O m
5024 = O m
2.
P
100 3 0 1 2 0 2 3 0 3 4 0 1
P
A
= + + +
3 4 9 4 2% = + + + =
3.
0
t
0
A N e
=
t
0
3Ae 3 N e
=
( )
0
t t 1
1
e e
e
= =
0
1
t t =
.
4. At
o
1 0
v sin
t ,v v cos i
g
u
= = u
2 0
v v k gtj =
2 1 0 0
v v v k gt j v cos i = u
5. ( )
2
2
f a Z b . =
(D)
6.
( ) k mg x
dv
v
dx m
+ o
=
0
0
x 0
v o
k mg
vdv xdx
m
+ o  
=

\ .
} }
( )
0 0
m
x v
k mg
=
+ o
7.
( )
( )
2
1 2
max
2
min
1 2
I I
I
I
I I
+
= = o
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3
2
1
2
I 1
I 1
 
o +
= 

o
\ .
if I
1
>I
2
8.
c
100
I sin 50t
4 5 2
t  
= +

\ .
L
100
I sin 50t
4 5 2
t (
=
(
I =20sin(50t)
5 2
t/4
5 2
t/4
t/4
10 2
t/4
I=Ic+IL
9. 2mg sin30 T =2m(a)
T =ma
mg
a g/ 3&T
3
= =
Net force =
Result of these forces
( ) ( ) ( )
0
T j Tcos60 j Tsin60 i = + +
3 3
Ti Tj
2 2
=
( )
mg
3i 3j
6
=
As net force in pulley =0,
force by clamp
( )
mg
3i 3j
6
= +
T
0
30
T
60
0
10. The circuit can be simplified as:

0
0 = ,peak current =20 Ampere.
5O
.1H
.004F
100 sin[50t] volts.
.004F
5O
1
5
c
= O
e
L 5 e = O
12. When u decreases v increases. For plane mirror u decreases.
the image in plane mirror moves towards the left.
13.
0 0 0
I 1 1
4 . sin45 sin45
4 R 2R
(
(
+
(
t
0 0
I I 1
2
2R 2 R
(
(
= =
(
t t
14.
1
10
V 4
4 4
=
+
volts =5 volt
2
100 4
10
100 4
V
100 4
4
100 4
+
=
+
+
=4.9 volts
1 2
V V 0.1 = volt
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4
15. In both cases
applying com,
0
mv Mv =
0
mv
V
M
=
1
2
V
1:1
V
=
16. In steady state :
P Q
E E
V V R
2R 2
= =
Q S
E E
V V R
2R 2
= =
S R
V V =
P R
V V E =
A
Q CE =
B
CE
Q
2
=
17.  
P 0
V V 10 10 10 10 = +
= 200 volts.
18. For the two blocks to move together
( )
min
F F
M m g 2Mg
= =
+
As
min
, >
the two blocks move together.
Velocity of the system (M+m) is
F
v at t
2M
 
= =

\ .
2
F F
P Fv F t t.
2m 2M
= = =
19.
2
P
Axt mcT
4 r
=
t
2
4 r mcT
t
PA
t
=
20. ( ) A b 2 T A = t o .
21. After collision,
the rod starts rotating about its centre of mass.
Now the torque of mg about the centre of mass =0, hence e is constant.
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5
22.
0
x elongation in equilibrium
0
macos mgsin kx u + u = (1)
For x =elongation from equilibrium
net force ( )
0
mgsin macos k x x = u + u +
kx = (i)
kx
acc
m
=
m
T 2
k
= t
N
K(x0 + x)
ma
Mg sinu Mg cosu
23.  
3
0 T
4
r n n g 6 rV .
3
t = t
 
2
0
T
2r n n
V g
9
( )
2
0 3
g
2r n n g
4
P r .n.g.
3 9
= t
 
5
2
0
8 r n
n n g
27
t
=
+ =
27. The apparent frequency initially decreases & then increases in one time period.
28.
e e
GM m GM m
E
12R 4R
A = +
e
GM m
6R
=
29.
( ) ( )( )
2 2 2 2
v u 2gh 0 40 2 10 h = + =
h 80m =
where h is maximum height reached by ball A
v =u gt t =4 sec,
A B
80
t' 2sec
u u
= =
+
A
u' gt' 20m/ s = =
B
u' 40 2 10 20m/ s = =
U
A
=0
40m/sec = u
B
h =80 m
A(t=4sec)
B
u
A
u
B
(T=t+t)
Thus the speed of each ball gets interchanged (for equal mass & elastic collision)
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6
30.
2
1 2 1
T T m r = e
( )
2
2 1 2
T m r r = e +
( )
2
1 1 2
T m 2r r = e +
Thus
1 2
T T >
m
T1
T2
T
2
C Ch he em mi i s st tr r y y PART I I
1. M
wt
C
6
H
5
Cl =112.5
M
wt
C
6
H
5
CH
3
=92
Given:
6 5
C H Cl
x 0.5 =
So mass% composition reaction of C
6
H
5
Cl is
% C
6
H
5
Cl =
112.5
100
204.5
=55%
2. As density increases, volume of gas decreases so intermolecular forces increase and diffisubility
decreases.
3. For +
432
n =4, l =3, m =2
Angular momentum = ( )
h 12h 3h
1
2 2
+ = =
t t t
Angular node = =3
So total node =
3h
3 +
t
=
3h 3 + t
t
4.
o
250 C
3 4 4 2 7 2
Pyrophosphoric acid
2H PO H P O H O + O H P O P OH
O
OH OH
O
5.
P
B
B
P
P
B
O
+
O
+
O
+
O
+
O
+
O
+
H
H
H
H
H
H
t
t
t
t
t
t
3 ptpt back bonding between B and O and
3 ptdt back bonding between P and O is possible.
7.
( )
2 2 7 2 4 3 4 2
Chromic anhydride
Red Crystal
K Cr O 2H SO 2CrO 2KHSO H O + + +
9.
2
NH
OH
CCl
3
H
OH
CHO
11.
( ) ( )
2 2 3 3 2 2 3 2
black ppt white
Na S O AgNO Ag S O Ag S +
12.
c
8a
T
27Rb
= so
c
1
T
b
; and b =4 N
A
V b r
13. AB type structure in which Zn
+2
is tetrahedrally surrounded by S
ion, S
2
is present in half of
tetradedral acid.
14. It is an extensive property.
15.
 
 
( )
1 2
K t K t 1
1 2
0
2 1
d B K
A K e K e
dt K K
(
= +
(
16.
( )
( )
2
2 3
3
2
6
Fe H O OH H O
ksp
Fe H O
+
+
+
(
(
=
(
, Ksp should be high.
17.
1 2 2
a 1 a C
H K C K 2.5
+
(
= +
18. AG
0
(net) =
0 0
1 2
G G A + A
Total e
19.
2 2 7 2 4 2 3 2
K Cr O K CrO Cr O O
A
+ +
20.
C H
3
C
6
H
5
O
M
+
PPh
3
C H
3
C
6
H
5
3
POPh (Wittigreaction) +
21. Nitrogen is less electronegative than oxygen and on 3
rd
reactive site it is sp
3
hybridised.
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22. O
C
O
CH
3
(1) NaOI
O
COOH
A
O
2
CO +
23. As metallic character increases down the group so acidic nature of oxide decreases.
26.
Ni
4
Cl Cl
Cl NH
3
Cl
NH
3
2
Ni
4
Cl Cl
Cl Cl
NH
3
NH
3
2
and
Cis Trans
27.
3
2 3 2 4
As O 5H O 2AsO 10H 4e
+
+ + +
29.
2
2BeO 2C Be C 2CO
A
+ +
30. Only lithium nitride with formula LiN
3
in first group and Mg with Mg
3
N.
M Ma at th he em ma at ti i c cs s PART I I I
2. Since the equations are consistent
D =0
3 3 3
(a 1) (a 2) (a 3)
(a 1) (a 2) (a 3) 0
1 1 1
+ + +
+ + + =
Put u =(a +1), v =a +2, w =a +3
u v =1, v wz 1, w u =2
u +v +w =3a +6
3 3 3
u v w
u v w 0
1 1 1
=
(u v) (v w) (w u) (u +v +w) =0
(1) (1) (2) (3a +6) =0
i.e. a =2.
3. 1234 =3n +1, so 1234
567
=3m +1,89 =3k 1, so 89
1011
=3p 1.
Hence 1234
567
+89
1011
=3n 1234 is even,
So 1234
567
=4q. 89 =4r +1, so 89
1011
=4t +1.
Hence 1234
567
+89
1011
=4l +1. So it is 9x +1.
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9
4. Here, tan A +tan B =
2
c
ab
and tan A . tan B =1
tan A . tan B =1 tan A =cot B A =90
0
B A +B =90
0
C =90
0
sin A =
a
c
, sin B =
b
c
sin
2
A +sin
2
B +sin
2
C =
2 2
2 2
a b
1 2
c c
+ + =
5. I
1
=
( ) ( )
101
2 2 4x
100
dx
5 2x 2x 1 e
+ +
}
=
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
101
2
2 4 1 x
100
dx
5 2 1 x 2 1 x 1 e
+ +
}
2I
1
=
101
2
100
dx
5 2x 2x
+
}
=I
2
1
2
I
I
=
1
2
.
6. Since f(x) and g(x) are oneone and onto and are also the mirror images of each other with
respect to the line y =2. It clearly indicates that h(x) =f(x) +g(x) will be a constant function and
will always be equal to 4.
7. Equation of the curve passing through the points A, B, C, D is
(3x +4y 24)(4x +3y 24) xy =0
If it represents a parabola then the quadratic terms must form a perfect square.
=1 or 49.
8. Locus is a hyperbola with eccentricity =
1 2
1 2
r r
2
r r
+
=
9. In an equilateral triangle r =
2
R
Also exradius r
1
=4R sin
2
A
cos
2
B
cos
2
C
= 4R R
2
3
2
3
.
2
3
.
2
1
=
r, R, r
1
are in A.P.
10.
( )
2
x / 2
2
2 2
x
0
t
lim dt
x 1 t
+
}
=
form
( )
2
x / 2
2
2
0
2
x
t
dt
1 t
lim
x
+
}
=
4
4
x
x
x
4 x
lim
2x
+
=
5
5
x
x
lim
2x 8
+
=
1
2
.
11. (3m +1)(3n 1) =3n
2
1, so if p divides 3n 1, then it also divides 3n
2
1
and hence also (3n
2
1) n(3n 1) =n 1, and hence also (3n 1) 3(n 1) =2.
So 3n 1 =0, 1 or 2.
But n must be an integer, so 0, 1, 2 do not work. 1 gives n =0 and hence m =0, which is a
solution. 2 gives n =1 and hence m =0, which is a solution.
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10
12. Two lines can meet in a point
6
C
2
=15
line and circle meet in two points =(
6
C
1
4
C
1
) 2 =48.
Two circles meet in 2 points =
4
C
2
2 =12
total number of points =48 +15 +12 =75.
13. 1 +cos3x+1
7
cos 2x
2 6
(   t t  
+
 ( 
\ . \ .
=0
2
3x 2
2cos 1 cos 2x 0
2 3
t  
+ =

\ .
2 2
3x
2cos 2sin x 0
2 3
t  
+ =

\ .
3x
cos 0
2
= , sin x 0
3
t  
=

\ .
x =
3
t
, t and x =
3
t
,
2 7
,
3 3
t t
, ..
x =
3
t
is the common value which satisfies both
x =2nt +
3
t
=(6n +1)
3
t
15.
2
4 2 1
(x 1)
dx
1
(x x 1)cot x
x
+
 
+

\ .
}
=
2
2 1
2
1
1
x
dx
1 1
x 2 1 cot x
x
x
 
+

\ .
   
+ +
 
\ . \ .
}
=
2 1
dt
(t 1)cot t
+
}
Put x
1
t
x
=
2
1
1 dx dt
x
 
+ =

\ .
=
du
u
}
Let cot
1
t =u
2
1
dt du
(1 t )
=
+
= lnu +c
= ln
1
1
cot x c
x
 
+

\ .
16.
70 70 70
23 7 2 32
3 9 27
( ( (
+ + = + + =
( ( (
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11
17. Let be the period of sinx +cosax then
sin( +x) +cosa( +x) =sinx +cosax for all x
In this identity, putting x =0 and x =, we het
sin +cosa =1 and 1 = sin +cos
solving these equation, we get
sin =0 and cosa =1
hence =nt and a =2mt. Where m, n are nonzero integers
hence
a 2m
n
t
=
t
or a =
2m
n
(since = 0)
18. A
2
=0, A
3
=A
4
= =A
n
=0
then A(I A)
n
=A(I +nA)
=A nA
2
=A.
19. A =sin
2
A +sin
2
(135 A) =1 + sin
2
A sin
2
(45 A)
=1+sin45 sin(2A 45) =1 +
( )
0
1
.sin 2A 45
2
=A <
2 1
2
+
and A >
1
2
0 <A <135
0 <2A <270
45 <2A 45 <225
( )
0
1
sin 2A 45 1
2
< <
2 2
1 1 2
sin A sin B
2
2
+
< + < .
20. The curve xy =c and the circle x
2
+y
2
=1 touches each other so
x
2
+
2
2
c
x
1 =0 x
4
x
2
+c
2
=0
will have equal roots so ( 1)
2
4c
2
=0 4c
2
=1
c
2
=
1
4
c =
1
2
.
Roots of the equations
4 2
1
x x 0
4
+ = are x =
1
2
y =
1
2
.
Clearly distance between the points of contact =2 units
21. Sum of 7 digits =a multiple of 9
Sum of number 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 =45 so two left should also have sum of 9.
The pair of left numbers is (1, 8), (2, 7), (3, 6), (4, 5).
with each pair left number of 7 digit number =7!
So with all 4 pairs =4 7! .
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12
22. Equation of Ist line is y 0 =1(x 1)
y =x 1
and equation of IInd line is x +y =1.
Clearly point of intersection is (1, 0).
23. The centre c of the circle =(5, 7) and the radius
=
2 2
5 7 51 + + =5 5
PC =
2 2
12 5 + =13
P (7, 2)
B
A
C (5, 7)
q =PA =13 5 5 and p =PB =13 +5 3
G.M of p and q =
( ) ( )
pq 13 5 5 13 5 5 = +
= 169 125 2 11 = .
24. a, b, c are in G.P b
2
=ac
and c
2
=a
2
+b
2
c
2
=a
2
+ac
2
a a
1 0
c c
   
+ =
 
\ . \ .
a
c
=cos B =
1 5
2
A
B
C
a
c
b
cos B =
5 1
2
(B is acute)
cos A =sin B =
2
1 cos B =
5 1
2
25. y = tan x =
2
1
x
From graph it is clear that it will have two
real roots,
y
x
2t 3t/2 t/2
26. The given equation is px
3
+qx
2
rx r =0. Its roots are given o, , so we have
o + + =
q
p
; o  + +o =
r
p
; o =
r
p
.
D = o
1 1 1
1
 
+ + +

o 
\ .
= o
  o + o +  + o

o
\ .
=0.
27. For local maxima at x e R
+
and minima at certain x e R
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