UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT

EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
SOUTHERN DIVISION - DETROIT
)
In r e
)
Chapte r 9
)
CITY OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN, ) Case No. 13- 53846
)
De btor .
)
Hon . Ste ve n W. Rhode s
)
)
JOINT MOTION OF COMMUNITY FOUNDATION FOR SOUTHEAST MICHIGAN,
WILLIAM DAVIDSON FOUNDATION, THE FRED A. AND BARBARA M. ERB
FAMILY FOUNDATION, MAX M. AND MARJORIE S. FISHER FOUNDATION,
FORD FOUNDATION, HUDSON- WEBBER FOUNDATION, THE KRESGE
FOUNDATION, W.K. KELLOGG FOUNDATION, JOHN S. AND JAMES L. KNIGHT
FOUNDATION, MCGREGOR FUND, CHARLES STEWART MOTT FOUNDATION
AND A. PAUL AND CAROL C. SCHAAP FOUNDATION
TO QUASH SUBPOENAS DUCES TECUM
Commun ity Foun dation f or Southe ast Michigan ("CFSM"), William Davidson
Foun dation (the "Davidson Foun dation "), The Fr e d A. an d Bar bar a M. Er b Family Foun dation
(the "Er b Foun dation "), Max M. an d Mar j or ie S. Fishe r Foun dation (the "Fishe r Foun dation "),
For d Foun dation , Hudson- We bbe r Foun dation , The Kr e sge Foun dation , W.K. Ke llogg
Foun dation (the "Ke llogg Foun dation "), John S. an d Jame s L. Kn ight Foun dation (the "Kn ight
Foun dation "), McGr e gor Fun d, Char le s Ste war t Mott Foun dation (the "Mott Foun dation ")an d
A. Paul an d Car ol C. Schaap Foun dation (the "Schaap Foun dation ," an d colle ctive ly with CFSM,
the Davidson Foun dation , the Er b Foun dation , the Fishe r Foun dation , For d Foun dation , Hudson-
We bbe r Foun dation , The Kr e sge Foun dation , the Ke llogg Foun dation , the Kn ight Foun dation ,
McGr e gor Fun d, an d the Mott Foun dation , the "Foun dation s")he r e by j oin tly move to quash the
subpoe n as issue d on Jun e 4, 2014, by Syn cor a Capital Assur an ce , In c. an d Syn cor a Guar an te e ,
In c. (colle ctive ly, "Syn cor a"), pur suan t to L.B.R. 9014- 1(h), Ban kr uptcy Rule s 7026 an d 9016
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 1 of 22
¨1¤CFN.&-#O«
1353846140613000000000003
Docket #5300 Date Filed: 6/13/2014
and F e de r al Rul e s of C i v i l Pr oce dur e 26 and 45. In accor dance w i t h L.B.R. 9014-1(h ), counse l
for t h e F oundat i ons sough t concur r e nce i n t h e r e q ue st e d r e l i e f fr om Syncor a's counse l by
t e l e ph one on June 10, 2014, w h i ch w as de ni e d; C ounse l for t h e F oundat i ons and Syncor a agr e e d,
h ow e v e r , t h at t h e di scov e r y sough t by Syncor a w h i ch i s t h e subj e ct of t h i s mot i on, w oul d not
occur on t h e dat e s sch e dul e d, and t h at , subj e ct t o agr e e me nt of t h e C our t , t h i s mot i on w oul d be
h e ar d on an e xpe di t e d basi s on June 26, 2014. A suppor t i ng br i e f se t t i ng for t h t h e gr ounds for
t h i s mot i on i s fi l e d h e r e w i t h , and a pr opose d or de r gr ant i ng t h e r e l i e f sough t i s at t ach e d h e r e t o as
E xh i bi t 1. L.B.R. 9014-1(b)(1).
PLUNKE TT C OONE Y
/ s/ Dougl as C . Be r nst e i n (P33833)
At t or ne ys for C F SM, t h e Dav i dson
F oundat i on, t h e E r b F oundat i on, t h e F i sh e r
F oundat i on, F or d F oundat i on, Hudson-We bbe r
F oundat i on, t h e Ke l l ogg F oundat i on,
McGr e gor F und, t h e Mot t F oundat i on and t h e
Sch aap F oundat i on
38505 Woodw ar d Av e ., St e . 2000
Bl oomfi e l d Hi l l s, Mi ch i gan 48304
(248) 901-4091
dbe mst e i n@pl unke t t coone y.com
and
Of counse l
WINSTON & STRAWN LLP
Har v e y Kur zw e i l
Ne w Yor k St at e Bar No. 1251610
De si r e e M. Ri po
Ne w Yor k St at e Bar No. 4589552
At t or ne ys for Th e Kr e sge F oundat i on
200 Par k Av e nue
Ne w Yor k, Ne w Yor k 10166-4193
(212) 294-6700
HKur zw e i l @w i nst on.com
DMRi po@w i nst on.com
2
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 2 of 22
June 12, 2014
3
and
BILZIN SUMBERG BAENA PRICE &
AXELROD LLP
Rafael R. Ri b ei r o
The F lo r i da Bar No . 896241
Mi chael N. K r ei t z er
The F lo r i da Bar No . 705561
At t o r neys fo r t he K ni ght F o undat i o n
1450 Br i ck ell Avenue, Sui t e 2300
Mi ami , F lo r i da 33131-3456
(305) 350-7312
(305) 350-2384
r r i b ei r o @ b i lz i n.co m
mk r ei t z er @ b i lz i n.co m
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 3 of 22
UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
SOUTHERN DIVISION - DETROIT
)
In r e ) Chapte r 9
)
CITY OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN, ) Case No. 13- 53846
)
De btor . ) Hon . Ste ve n W. Rhode s
)
)
BRIEF IN SUPPORT OF JOINT MOTION OF COMMUNITY FOUNDATION FOR
SOUTHEAST MICHIGAN, WILLIAM DAVIDSON FOUNDATION, THE FRED A. AND
BARBARA M. ERB FAMILY FOUNDATION, MAX M. AND MARJORIE S. FISHER
FOUNDATION, FORD FOUNDATION, HUDSON- WEBBER FOUNDATION, THE
KRESGE FOUNDATION, W.K. KELLOGG FOUNDATION, JOHN S. AND JAMES L.
KNIGHT FOUNDATION, MCGREGOR FUND, CHARLES STEWART MOTT
FOUNDATION AND A. PAUL AND CAROL C. SCHAAP FOUNDATION
TO QUASH SUBPOENAS DUCES TECUM
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 4 of 22
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
CONCISE STATEMENT OF THE ISSUES PRESENTED II
CONTROLLING OR MOST APPROPRIATE AUTHORITY FOR THE RELIEF SOUGHT.. III
INDEX TO AUTHORITIES IV
PRELIMINARY STATEMENT 1
STATEMENT OF MATERIAL FACTS 2
ARGUMENT 4
I. SYNCORA'S SUBPOENAS AS TO THE FOUNDATIONS SHOULD BE QUASHED FOR MULTIPLE
REASONS 4
A. Governing Standards 4
B. Ap p l ic ation 6
1 . The Subp oenas do not seek disc overy of rel evant inform ation. 7
2. The Subp oenas are overbroad and woul d im p ose an undue burden. 9
3 . The Subp oenas req uire disc l osure of p rivil eged or other p rotec ted m atter. 1 0
II. THE COURT SHOULD AWARD THE FOUNDATIONS ATTORNEYS FEES INCURRED IN
CONNECTION WITH THIS MOTION. 1 1
CONCLUSION 1 2
i
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 5 of 22
CONCISE STATEMENT OF THE ISSUES PRESENTED
WHETHER SYNCORA'S SUBPOENAS AS TO THE
FOUNDATIONS SHOULD BE QUASHED?
II.
WHETHER THE COURT SHOULD AWARD THE
FOUNDATIONS ATTORNEYS FEES INCURRED IN
CONNECTION WITH THIS MOTION?
i i
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 6 of 22
CONTROLLING OR MOST APPROPRIATE AUTHORITY FOR THE RELIEF
SOUGHT
Fe d e r a l Rul e of Ci v i l Pr oce d ur e 26
Fe d e r a l Rul e of Ci v i l Pr oce d ur e 45
i i i
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 7 of 22
INDEX TO AUTHORITIES
CASES
Page
Bogosian v . Woloohojian Realt y Cor p . ,
323 F. 3d 55, 66 ( 1 st Cir . 2003) 4
Comp aq Comp ut er Cor p . v . Packar d Bell Elec. , Inc. ,
1 63 F. R. D. 329, 335-36 ( N. D. Cal. 1 995) 1 0
Cook v . Howar d,
484 Fed. Ap p x. 805, 81 2 ( 4t h Cir . Aug. 24, 201 2) 5
E. E. O. C. v . Jack Mar shall Foods, Inc. ,
No. 09-01 60—WS—M, 201 0 WL 55635, at *6 ( S. D. Ala. Jan. 4, 201 0) 9
E. E. O. C. v . Or iginal Honey baked Ham Co. of Geor gia, Inc. ,
No. 1 1 —cv -02560—MSKMEH, 201 2 WL 93431 2, at *3 ( D. Colo. Mar .
1 9, 201 2) 8
E. E. O. C. v . S. Hauler s, LLC,
No. 1 1 -00564—N, 201 2 WL 1 768064, at *3-4 ( S. D. Ala. May 1 7, 201 2) 8
Echost ar Communicat ions v . The News Cor p . , Lt d. ,
1 80 F. R. D. 391 , 394 ( D. Colo. 1 998) 6
HD Sher er LLC v . Nat ur al Molecular Test ing Cor p . ,
292 F. R. D. 305, 308 ( D. S. C. 201 3) 5
Her ber t v . Lando,
441 U. S. 1 53, 1 77 ( 1 979) 6
Hofer v . Mack Tr ucks, Inc. ,
981 F. 2d 377, 380 ( 8t h Cir . 1 992) 5
Imnaedaft , Lt d. v . The Int elligence Office Sy st em,
Case No. 1 :2008-cv -01 596, 2009 WL 1 537975, 6 ( D. Colo. , 2009) 6
In r e Subp oena Duces Tecum t o AOL, L. L. C. ,
550 F. Sup p . 2d 606, 61 2 ( ED. Va. 2008) 4
Innov at iv e Ther ap ies, Inc. v . Meent s,
Case No. 201 2-cv -03309, 201 4 WL 858651 , 1 7 ( D. Md. , 201 4) 4
Liles v . St uar t Weit zman, LLC,
No. 09-61 448—CIV, 201 0 WL 1 839229, at *3 ( S. D. Fla. May 6, 201 0) 9
Medical Comp onent s, Inc. v . Classical Medical, Inc. ,
21 0 F. R. D. 1 75, 1 80 n. 9 ( M. D. N. C. 2002) 6
Nicholas v . Wy ndham Int l, Inc. ,
373 F. 3d 537, 543 ( 4t h Cir . 2004) 5
iv
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 8 of 22
Premer v . Corestaff S erv s. , L . P. ,
232 F. R. D. 692, 693 (M. D. Fla. 2005)
9
Regan-Touchy v . Walgreen Co. ,
526 F. 3d 641, 648-49 (10th Ci r. 2008) 6
Ri v era v . Ni bco,
364 F. 3d 1057, 1072 (9th Ci r. 2004) 6
S anders v . Dalcraft, L L C,
No. 3-09—CV-0307--P, 2009 WL 1392602, at *2 (N. D. Tex. May 18,
2009)
9
S chaaf v . S mi thKli ne Beecham Corp. ,
233 F. R. D. 451, 453 (E. D. N. C. 2005)
5
S errano v . Ci ntas Corp. ,
699 F. 3d 884, 901 (6th Ci r. 2012)
5
RUL ES
Federal Rule of Ci v i l Procedure 26 i i i , 4, 5
Federal Rule of Ci v i l Procedure 26(c) 6
Federal Rule of Ci v i l Procedure 26(b)(1) 6
Federal Rule of Ci v i l Procedure 26(c)(1)(A) 5
Federal Rule of Ci v i l Procedure 30(b)(6) 2
Federal Rule of Ci v i l Procedure 37(a)(5)(A) 11
Federal Rule of Ci v i l Procedure 45 i i i , 4, 5, 11
Federal Rule of Ci v i l Procedure 45(c) 5
Federal Rule of Ci v i l Procedure 45(d)(1) 11
Federal Rule of Ci v i l Procedure 45(d)(3)(A) 4
OTHER AUTHORITIES
8A Charles Alan Wri ght & Arthur R. Mi ller, et al, Federal Practi ce and
Procedure § 2036 (3d ed. 2012) 5
v
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 9 of 22
PRELIMINARY STATEMENT
Syncora l f i l e d an O b j e ct i on t o t h e D e b t or' s Pl an of Ad j us t me nt on May 12, 2014. Th e
O b j e ct i on rai s e d a h os t of ground s , e .g., t h at t h e Pl an f ai l s t h e b e s t i nt e re s t s of cre d i t ors t e s t
b e caus e t h e re cov e ry i s not gre at e nough , t h at i t f ai l s t h e unf ai r d i s cri mi nat i on t e s t b e caus e of
al l e ge d d i s p ari t i e s of t re at me nt b e t we e n cre d i t ors of e q ual p ri ori t y, t h at i t f ai l s t h e f ai r and
e q ui t ab l e t e s t b e caus e t h e as s e t s of t h e D e t roi t Ins t i t ut e of Art s ("D IA") are b e i ng p re s e rv e d
rat h e r t h an mone t i ze d , and t h at i t f ai l s t h e f e as i b i l i t y t e s t , b e caus e Syncora s ays t h e D e b t or may
not b e ab l e t o f und i t s re i nv e s t me nt p l an.
Now, Syncora h as s e rv e d s ub p oe nas on t h e Found at i ons2 t h at h av e agre e d t o f und
p e ns i ons i n conne ct i on wi t h t h e Pl an, s e e k i ng d e p os i t i ons and t h e p rod uct i on of d ocume nt s
re l at i ng t o t h e Found at i ons ' d e al i ngs wi t h t h e D IA, among ot h e r b road , ge ne ral t op i cs . Ne i t h e r
t h e d e p os i t i on t op i cs nor t h e s ub j e ct s of t h e d ocume nt re q ue s t s h av e any conne ct i on t o t h e b as e s
f or Syncora' s ob j e ct i on t o t h e Pl an. It ap p e ars Syncora' s s ub p oe nas are not h i ng b ut a cyni cal
l as h i ng out at e nt i t i e s t h at h av e s ome rol e i n t h e Pl an, i n ord e r t o annoy, op p re s s or h aras s t h e m
as p art of an ov e rl y aggre s s i v e at t e mp t t o d i s rup t t h e ord e rl y re s ol ut i on of t h i s mat t e r. At b e s t ,
t h e s ub p oe nas are a cl as s i c f i s h i ng e x p e d i t i on t o wh i ch s e v e ral ground s f or q uas h i ng t h e m
s q uare l y ap p l y. Accord i ngl y, t h e Found at i ons re q ue s t t h at t h e Court q uas h t h e Sub p oe nas and
ord e r Syncora t o p ay t h e Found at i ons ' at t orne ys ' f e e s i ncurre d i n h av i ng t o b ri ng t h i s mot i on.
Syncora Cap i t al As s urance , Inc. and Syncora G uarant e e , Inc.
2 "Found at i ons " cons i s t of Communi t y Found at i on f or Sout h e as t Mi ch i gan, Wi l l i am D av i d s on
Found at i on, Th e Fre d A. and Barb ara M. Erb Fami l y Found at i on, Max M. and Marj ori e S. Fi s h e r
Found at i on, Ford Found at i on, Hud s on-We b b e r Found at i on, Th e Kre s ge Found at i on, W.K.
Ke l l ogg Found at i on, Joh n S. and Jame s L. Kni gh t Found at i on, McG re gor Fund , Ch arl e s St e wart
Mot t Found at i on and A. Paul and Carol C. Sch aap Found at i on.
1
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 10 of 22
STATEMENT OF MATERIAL FACTS
On May 1 2 , 2 01 4, Syncora f i l e d a 69-page (90-paragraph ) Ob j e ct i on (t h e "Ob j e ct i on")
(Docke t No. 4679) t o t h e De b t or' s Fou rt h Ame nd e d Pl an f or t h e Ad j u s t me nt of De b t s of t h e Ci t y
of De t roi t (Docke t No. 4392 ) (t h e "Pl an") . Syncora ob j e ct s t h at t h e Pl an f ai l s t h e b e s t i nt e re s t s
of cre d i t ors t e s t b e cau s e t h e re cov e ry i t of f e rs t o t h e l e as t f av ore d cl as s e s i s l e s s t h an t h e y wou l d
re al i z e i f t h e cas e we re d i s mi s s e d . (Syncora' s Ob j e ct i on, Docke t No. 4679, p. 1 ) . Syncora
ob j e ct s t h at t h e Pl an f ai l s t h e u nf ai r d i s cri mi nat i on t e s t b e cau s e i t wou l d re s u l t i n al l e ge d
d i s pari t i e s of t re at me nt b e t we e n cre d i t ors of e q u al pri ori t y. (Id ., p. 2 ) Syncora al s o compl ai ns
t h at t h e Pl an i s not f ai r and e q u i t ab l e b e cau s e i t d oe s not mone t i z e t h e De b t or' s art col l e ct i on,
i .e ., t h e art owne d b y t h e DIA. (Id ., p. 2 ) . And Syncora cl ai ms t h e Pl an i s al s o not f e as i b l e ,
b e cau s e i t s ays t h e De b t or wi l l not b e ab l e t o f u nd i t s re i nv e s t me nt pl an. (Id ., p. 3) .
U nre l at e d t o any as pe ct of Syncora' s Ob j e ct i on t o t h e Pl an i s t h e pre s e nce and
i nv ol v e me nt of t h e Fou nd at i ons . Th e Fou nd at i ons are e ach not f or prof i t ch ari t ab l e f ou nd at i ons ,
wh os e onl y i nv ol v e me nt wi t h t h i s mat t e r ari s e s f rom t h e i r ans we r t o a re q u e s t t h at t h e y h e l p t h e
De b t or s ol v e i t s f i nanci al prob l e ms , and t h e i r s u b s e q u e nt agre e me nt t o prov i d e f u nd i ng, u pon t h e
occu rre nce of ce rt ai n cond i t i ons pre ce d e nt , f or t h e b e ne f i t of pe ns i one rs part i ci pat i ng i n t h e
Ge ne ral Re t i re me nt Sys t e m and t h e Pol i ce and Fi re Re t i re me nt Sys t e m, as s e t f ort h i n t h e Pl an.
If approv e d , t h e Fou nd at i ons ' cont ri b u t i ons , t oge t h e r wi t h t h os e of t h e St at e of Mi ch i gan and
ot h e rs , wou l d re s u l t i n t h e t rans f e r of t h e as s e t s of t h e DIA b y t h e De b t or, t o b e h e l d i n pe rpe t u al
ch ari t ab l e t ru s t f or t h e b e ne f i t of t h e ci t i z e ns of t h e Ci t y of De t roi t and t h e St at e of Mi ch i gan (t h e
"DIA Se t t l e me nt ") . Se e t h e Pl an at Ex h i b i t I.A.91 .
On Ju ne 4, 2 01 4, Syncora i s s u e d s u b poe nas t o e ach of t h e Fou nd at i ons , as ame nd e d on
Ju ne 5, 2 01 4 (col l e ct i v e l y, t h e "Su b poe nas ") , s e e ki ng t h e d e pos i t i ons of t h e Fou nd at i ons '
re pre s e nt at i v e s u nd e r Fe d e ral Ru l e of Ci v i l Proce d u re 30(b ) (6) (Docke t Nos . 52 2 4 and 52 41 ) ,
2
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 11 of 22
b e g i n n i n g on Jun e 23, 2014, an d c on t i n ui n g t hroug h Jun e 27, 2014, t o di s c us s (a) t he
n e g ot i at i on s b e t we e n e ac h of t he F oun dat i on s , t he De b t or an d an y ot he r p art i e s p e rt ai n i n g t o t he
DIA S e t t l e m e n t ; (b ) t he t e rm s of t he DIA S e t t l e m e n t ; (c ) e ac h F oun dat i on ' s c on t ri b ut i on t o t he
DIA S e t t l e m e n t ; (d) e ac h F oun dat i on ' s i n vol ve m e n t wi t h t he DIA; (e ) e ac h F oun dat i on ' s re as on s
for e n t e ri n g i n t o t he DIA S e t t l e m e n t ; (f) t he p urp os e or m i s s i on of e ac h F oun dat i on ; (g ) e ac h
F oun dat i on ' s p ri or don at i on s or c on t ri b ut i on s , i n c l udi n g don at i on s or c on t ri b ut i on s t o t he art s ;
an d, (h) t he i m p ort an c e an d val ue of t he DIA an d i t s art c ol l e c t i on . (S ub p oe n as at S c he dul e A).
The S ub p oe n as al s o re q ue s t t hat e ac h F oun dat i on p roduc e (a) al l doc um e n t s an d
c om m un i c at i on s re l at i n g t o t he DIA S e t t l e m e n t ; (b ) al l doc um e n t s an d c om m un i c at i on s re l at i n g
t o t he n e g ot i at i on s s urroun di n g t he DIA S e t t l e m e n t ; (c ) al l doc um e n t s an d c om m un i c at i on s
re l at i n g t o t he t ran s fe r of t he as s e t s of t he DIA p urs uan t t o t he DIA S e t t l e m e n t ; (d) al l doc um e n t s
an d c om m un i c at i on s de s c ri b i n g t he re as on s for e n t e ri n g i n t o t he DIA S e t t l e m e n t ; (e ) doc um e n t s
s uffi c i e n t t o s how t he c aus e s or c hari t i e s e ac h F oun dat i on has p re vi ous l y s up p ort e d or p rovi de d
m on e y t o from Jan uary 1, 1990 t o p re s e n t ; (f) e ac h F oun dat i on ' s m i s s i on s t at e m e n t ;
(g ) doc um e n t s s uffi c i e n t t o s how e ac h F oun dat i on ' s c urre n t p roc e s s for e val uat i n g p ot e n t i al
p art n e rs or c aus e s ; an d, (h) al l c om m un i c at i on s b e t we e n e ac h F oun dat i on an d t he DIA from
Jan uary 1, 2001 t o t he p re s e n t (S ub p oe n as at S c he dul e B ).3
Gi ve n t he t op i c s ' foc us on t he DIA, t he p art i c ul ar as p e c t of S yn c ora' s O b j e c t i on t o whi c h
t he i n q ui ri e s p re s um ab l y ap p l i e s m us t b e t he DIA S e t t l e m e n t , b y whi c h t he DIA' s as s e t s are t o
b e t ran s fe rre d t o a n on - p rofi t org an i z at i on rat he r t han m on e t i z e d. B ut n o e x p l an at i on has b e e n
offe re d i n or i n c on n e c t i on wi t h t he S ub p oe n as as t o how t he s e i n q ui ri e s i n t o t he F oun dat i on s '
3
Doc ke t No. 5241 m odi fi e d t he s c op e of t he doc um e n t re q ue s t s t o t hos e from Marc h 15, 2013 t o
Jun e 5, 2014, un l e s s ot he rwi s e s p e c i fi e d.
3
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 12 of 22
d e a l i n g s w i t h t h e DIA, much l e s s t h e more g e n e ra l t op i cs s e t f ort h i n t h e s ubp oe n a s , h a ve
a n y t h i n g t o d o w i t h t h e n a t ure of S y n cora ' s O bj e ct i on .
ARGUMENT
I. S YNCO RA' S S UBPO ENAS AS TO THE FO UNDATIO NS S HO ULD BE
QUAS HED FO R MULTIPLE REAS O NS .
A. Gove rn i n g S t a n d a rd s
Rul e 45 of t h e Fe d e ra l Rul e s of Ci vi l Proce d ure g ove rn s mot i on s t o qua s h s ubp oe n a s .
Court s mus t qua s h a s ubp oe n a t h a t :
( i ) f a i l s t o a l l ow a re a s on a bl e t i me t o comp l y ;
* * *
( i i i ) re qui re s d i s cl os ure of p ri vi l e g e d or ot h e r p rot e ct e d ma t t e r, i f n o
e x ce p t i on or w a i ve r a p p l i e s ; or
( i v) s ubj e ct s a p e rs on t o un d ue burd e n .
Fe d e ra l Rul e of Ci vi l Proce d ure 45( d ) ( 3 ) ( A) .
In re vi e w i n g a mot i on t o qua s h , t h e court ma y con s i d e r "w h e t h e r ( i ) t h e s ubp oe n a w a s
i s s ue d p ri ma ri l y f or t h e p urp os e s of h a ra s s me n t , ( i i ) t h e re a re ot h e r vi a bl e me a n s t o obt a i n t h e
s a me e vi d e n ce , a n d ( i i i ) t o w h a t e x t e n t t h e i n f orma t i on s oug h t i s re l e va n t , n on p ri vi l e g e d , a n d
cruci a l t o t h e movi n g p a rt y ' s ca s e . " Bog os i a n v. Wol ooh oj i a n Re a l t y Corp . , 3 23 F. 3 d 55, 66 ( 1 s t
Ci r. 20 0 3 ) ( ci t i n g ca s e s ) . A s ubp oe n a i s ove rbroa d i f i t "d oe s n ot l i mi t t h e d ocume n t s re que s t e d
t o s ubj e ct ma t t e r re l e va n t t o t h e cl a i ms or d e f e n s e s . " In n ova t i ve Th e ra p i e s , In c. v. Me e n t s , Ca s e
No. 20 1 2-cv-0 3 3 0 9, 20 1 4 WL 858651 , 1 7 ( D. Md . , 20 1 4) ; In re S ubp oe n a Duce s Te cum t o AO L,
L. L. C. , 550 F. S up p . 2d 60 6, 61 2 ( E. D. Va . 20 0 8) .
In t h e con t e x t of d i s cove ry , "Rul e 45 a d op t s t h e s t a n d a rd s cod i f i e d i n Rul e 26 w h i ch
a l l ow s f or t h e d i s cove ry of a n y ma t t e r ' n ot p ri vi l e g e d , t h a t i s re l e va n t t o t h e cl a i m or d e f e n s e of
4
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 13 of 22
any p ar t y' when t he d i s c o v er y r eq u es t ' ap p ear s r eas o nab l y c al c u l at ed t o l ead t o t he d i s c o v er y o f
ad m i s s i b l e ev i d enc e. ' " Sc haaf v . Sm i t hKl i ne Beec ham C o r p . , 233 F. R. D. 451, 453 (E. D. N. C .
2005). Nev er t hel es s , s i m p l y b ec au s e i nfo r m at i o n i s d i s c o v er ab l e u nd er Ru l e 26 " d o es no t m ean
t hat d i s c o v er y m u s t b e had . " I d . (c i t i ng Ni c ho l as v . Wynd ham I nt l , I nc . , 373 F. 3d 537, 543 (4t h
C i r . 2004)). The s am e l i m i t at i o ns t o d i s c o v er y r eq u es t s fo u nd i n Ru l e 26 s ho u l d b e ap p l i ed t o a
s u b p o ena s er v ed p u r s u ant t o Ru l e 45. See, e. g . , HD Sher er LLC v . Nat u r al Mo l ec u l ar Tes t i ng
C o r p . , 292 F. R. D. 305, 308 (D. S. C . 2013) (" Ru l e 45 d o es no t l i s t i r r el ev anc e o r o v er b r ead t h as
r eas o ns fo r q u as hi ng a s u b p o ena. Ho wev er , t he s c o p e o f d i s c o v er y al l o wed u nd er a s u b p o ena i s
t he s am e as t he s c o p e o f d i s c o v er y al l o wed u nd er Ru l e 26. " ) (c i t i ng C o o k v . Ho war d , 484 Fed .
Ap p x. 805, 812 (4t h C i r . Au g . 24, 2012) (" Al t ho u g h Ru l e 45(c ) s et s fo r t h ad d i t i o nal g r o u nd s o n
whi c h a s u b p o ena ag ai ns t a t hi r d p ar t y m ay b e q u as hed [ , ] . . . t ho s e fac t o r s ar e c o- ext ens i v e wi t h
t he g ener al r u l es g o v er ni ng al l d i s c o v er y t hat ar e s et fo r t h i n Ru l e 26. " )).
Ru l e 26(c )(1)(A) al s o p r o v i d es t hat a d i s t r i c t c o u r t m ay, fo r g o o d c au s e, i s s u e an o r d er t o
p r o t ec t a p ar t y o r p er s o n fr o m anno yanc e, em b ar r as s m ent , o p p r es s i o n, o r u nd u e b u r d en o r
exp ens e b y, am o ng o t her t hi ng s , b ar r i ng t he d ep o s i t i o n o f o r o t her d i s c o v er y fr o m t hat
i nd i v i d u al . Ser r ano v . C i nt as C o r p . , 699 F. 3d 884, 901 (6t h C i r . 2012). Bec au s e " d i s c o v er y has
l i m i t s and . . . t hes e l i m i t s g r o w m o r e fo r m i d ab l e as t he s ho wi ng o f need d ec r eas es , . . . ev en v er y
s l i g ht i nc o nv eni enc e m ay b e u nr eas o nab l e i f t her e i s no o c c as i o n fo r t he i nq u i r y and i t c anno t
b enefi t t he p ar t y m aki ng i t . " I d . (q u o t i ng 8A C har l es Al an Wr i g ht & Ar t hu r R. Mi l l er , et al ,
Fed er al P r ac t i c e and P r o c ed u r e § 2036 (3d ed . 2012)).
I t i s wel l s et t l ed t hat t he p r o p o nent o f t he d i s c o v er y m u s t m ake a " t hr es ho l d s ho wi ng o f
r el ev anc e . . . b efo r e p ar t i es ar e r eq u i r ed t o o p en wi d e t he d o o r s o f d i s c o v er y, " i n o r d er t o l i m i t
" fi s hi ng exp ed i t i o ns i n d i s c o v er y. " Ho fer v . Mac k Tr u c ks , I nc . , 981 F. 2d 377, 380 (8t h C i r .
5
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 14 of 22
1 9 9 2 ) . " D i s t r i c t Cour t s need not c ondone t h e us e of di s c ov er y t o engagi ng ' fi s h i ng
ex p edi t i ons . ' " R i v er a v . Ni bc o, 364 F. 3d 1 057, 1 072 ( 9 t h Ci r . 2 004) . I ndeed, ev en i f a di s t r i c t
c our t det er m i nes t h at a p ar t y i s s eek i ng r el ev ant i nfor m at i on, i t m ay , up on a s h owi ng of good
c aus e, ent er any p r ot ec t i v e or der t h at " j us t i c e r eq ui r es t o p r ot ec t a p ar t y or p er s on fr om
annoy anc e, em bar r as s m ent , op p r es s i on, or undue bur den or ex p ens e . . . " Feder al R ul e of Ci v i l
Pr oc edur e 2 6( c ) . See al s o I ' m naedaft , L t d. v . Th e I nt el l i genc e O ffi c e Sy s t em , Cas e No. 1 : 2 008 -
c v - 01 59 6, 2 009 WL 1 5379 75, 6 ( D . Col o. , 2 009 ) ( " t h i r d- p ar t y s ubp oenas t h at ar e a s ear c h for
am m uni t i on t o us e i n a p ar t i c ul ar war s h oul d be q uas h ed; ' am m o r ec on' m i s s i ons , l i k e fi s h i ng
ex p edi t i ons , ar e r ar el y ap p r op r i at e and uni for m l y di s c our aged. " )
As c our t s h av e r ec ogni z ed, " t h e r eq ui r em ent s of R ul e 2 6( b) ( 1 ) t h at t h e m at er i al s ough t i n
di s c ov er y be ' r el ev ant ' s h oul d be fi r m l y ap p l i ed, and t h e di s t r i c t c our t s s h oul d not negl ec t t h ei r
p ower t o r es t r i c t di s c ov er y [ t o p r ot ec t ] a p ar t y or p er s on fr om annoy anc e, em bar r as s m ent , [ or ]
op p r es s i on . . . " R egan- Touc h y v . Wal gr een Co. ,52 6 F. 3d 641 , 648 - 49 ( 1 0t h Ci r . 2 008 ) , ( q uot i ng
Her ber t v . L ando, 441 U. S. 1 53, 1 77 ( 1 9 79 ) ) .
I n t h e c ont ex t of s ubp oenas t o t h i r d- p ar t i es , t h e p r ot ec t i ons a c our t s h oul d p r ov i de ar e
ev en gr eat er . I n bal anc i ng t h e need for di s c ov er y agai ns t t h e bur dens i m p os ed by t h e di s c ov er y
r eq ues t ed, c our t s h av e h el d t h at a c our t m ay c ons i der t h e fac t t h at di s c ov er y i s bei ng s ough t fr om
a t h i r d- p ar t y , wh i c h wei gh s agai ns t p er m i t t i ng di s c ov er y . See, e. g. , Medi c al Com p onent s , I nc . v .
Cl as s i c al Medi c al , I nc . , 2 1 0 F. R . D . 1 75, 1 8 0 n. 9 ( M. D . N. C. 2 002 ) ; Ec h os t ar Com m uni c at i ons v .
Th e News Cor p . , L t d. , 1 8 0 F. R . D . 39 1 , 39 4 ( D . Col o. 1 9 9 8 ) .
B. Ap p l i c at i on
Sy nc or a' s Subp oenas ai m ed at t h e Foundat i ons ar e p r op er l y q uas h ed for any num ber of
r eas ons . Th ey ar e not r em ot el y ai m ed at di s c ov er i ng i nfor m at i on t h at woul d bear on t h e nat ur e
6
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 15 of 22
of t h e O b j e c t i on t o t h e P l a n . Th e y a r e ove r b r oa d a n d woul d i mpose a n un due b ur de n . Th e y a l so
se e k di sc l osur e of pr i vi l e g e d or ot h e r pr ot e c t e d ma t t e r .
1 . Th e Sub poe n a s do n ot se e k di sc ove r y of r e l e va n t i n for ma t i on .
Th e Sub poe n a s do n ot e ve n g e t out of t h e g a t e a s a pr ope r r e q ue st b e c a use t h e y se e k
i n for ma t i on t h a t i s si mpl y n ot r e l e va n t t o Syn c or a ' s O b j e c t i on t o t h e P l a n .
Th e Foun da t i on s on l y b e c a me i n vol ve d i n t h i s ma t t e r a s a r e sul t of t h e i r r e spon di n g t o a
r e q ue st t h a t t h e y a ssi st t h e C i t y of D e t r oi t i n r e sol vi n g i t s fi n a n c i a l i l l s. Th e i r r ol e i n t h i s ma t t e r i s
l i mi t e d t o pr ovi di n g fun di n g , upon t h e oc c ur r e n c e of c e r t a i n c on di t i on s pr e c e de n t , for t h e b e n e fi t
of pe n si on e r s pa r t i c i pa t i n g i n t h e G e n e r a l Re t i r e me n t Syst e m a n d t h e P ol i c e a n d Fi r e Re t i r e me n t
Syst e m, a s se t for t h i n t h e P l a n . Th a t fun di n g woul d r e sul t i n t h e t r a n sfe r of t h e a sse t s of t h e
D IA t o b e h e l d i n pe r pe t ua l c h a r i t a b l e t r ust for t h e b e n e fi t of t h e c i t i z e n s of t h e C i t y of D e t r oi t
a n d St a t e of Mi c h i g a n . Syn c or a c r i t i c i z e s t h i s a spe c t of t h e P l a n , a n d b e l i e ve s t h e D IA' s a sse t s
sh oul d b e mon e t i z e d. But wh a t e ve r t h e me r i t s of t h a t c r i t i c i sm, t h e Sub poe n a s a i me d a t t h e
Foun da t i on s h a ve n ot h i n g t o do wi t h i t .
Th e de posi t i on t opi c s, a n d t h e doc ume n t s t h a t a r e t h e sub j e c t of t h e r e q ue st s t o pr oduc e ,
se e k suc h t h i n g s a s t h e t e r ms of t h e D IA Se t t l e me n t , t h e va r i ous Foun da t i on s' i n vol ve me n t wi t h
t h e D IA, a n d t h e "r e a son s" for e n t e r i n g i n t o t h e D IA Se t t l e me n t . Th e t opi c s a l so i n c l ude suc h
fa r - r a n g i n g fi sh i n g e x pe di t i on s a s "pr i or don a t i on s or c on t r i b ut i on s, i n c l udi n g don a t i on s or
c on t r i b ut i on s t o t h e a r t . " Syn c or a e ve n l i st s a s a de posi t i on t opi c "Th e i mpor t a n c e a n d va l ue of
t h e D e t r oi t In st i t ut e of Ar t s a n d C ol l e c t i on . "
No i n for ma t i on t h a t Syn c or a mi g h t ob t a i n t h r oug h di sc ove r y fr om t h e Foun da t i on s
t h r oug h de posi t i on s a n d r e spon se s t o doc ume n t r e q ue st s woul d h a ve a n y b e a r i n g wh a t soe ve r on
t h e me r i t s ( or l a c k t h e r e of) of Syn c or a ' s O b j e c t i on t o t h e P l a n . Th e sol e b a si s for Syn c or a ' s
7
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 16 of 22
o p p o s i t i o n t o t h e DIA S e t t l e m e n t s e t f o r t h i n i t s O b j e c t i o n t o t h e Pl an s t e m s f r o m S y n c o r a' s
o p i n i o n t h at t h e v al u e t h e De b t o r w i l l r e c e i v e f r o m t h e DIA S e t t l e m e n t i s s u b s t an t i al l y l e s s t h an
t h e r e as o n ab l y e q u i v al e n t v al u e —an d t h at t h e c o m m u n i t y v al u e o f al l o w i n g t h e DIA' s as s e t s n o t
t o b e m o n e t i ze d e v i de n t l y s h o u l d b e di s r e g ar de d. S u c h q u e s t i o n s ab o u t v al u at i o n ar e e n t i r e l y
u n r e l at e d t o t h e f u n di n g t o b e p r o v i de d f o r t h e b e n e f i t o f t h e p e n s i o n e r s . C l e ar l y , t h e p u r p o s e o f
t h e s c h e du l i n g o f t h e de p o s i t i o n s o f t h e F o u n dat i o n s ' r e p r e s e n t at i v e s an d do c u m e n t p r o du c t i o n
r e q u e s t s i s t o at t e m p t t o i n t i m i dat e t h e F o u n dat i o n s i n t o dr o p p i n g t h e i r s u p p o r t f o r t h e DIA
S e t t l e m e n t .
In s h o r t , S y n c o r a' s S u b p o e n as ar e n o t m e r e l y a f i s h i n g e x p e di t i o n ; t h e y ar e a f i s h i n g
e x p e di t i o n i n a p o n d w i t h n o f i s h . Th u s , t h e y ar e b e s t u n de r s t o o d as n o t m e r e l y a g o o d- f ai t h
di s c o v e r y r e q u e s t t h at c o u l d p o s s i b l y an n o y o r o p p r e s s t h e t h i r d- p ar t i e s t o w h o m t h e S u b p o e n as
ar e ai m e d, b u t as de s i g n e d t o an n o y o r o p p r e s s t h e F o u n dat i o n s , b y h ar as s i n g t h e m f o r n o g o o d
r e as o n at al l . R e g ar dl e s s , an d w h at e v e r S y n c o r a' s m o t i v e , t h e S u b p o e n as s h o u l d b e q u as h e d i n
t h e i r e n t i r e t y .
C o u r t s h av e r e p e at e dl y q u as h e d s u b p o e n as ai m e d at di s c o v e r i n g i n f o r m at i o n b as e d o n
n o t h i n g m o r e t h an t h e p o s s i b i l i t y t h at t h e de f e n dan t m i g h t di s c o v e r o r " f i s h o u t " s o m e t h i n g t h at
c o u l d b e o f u s e . S e e E. E. O . C . v . S . H au l e r s , LLC , No . 11- 00564—N, 2012 WL 1768064, at *3- 4
(S . D. Al a. May 17, 2012) (g r an t i n g m o t i o n s t o q u as h b e c au s e " t h e m e r e p o s s i b i l i t y " t h at
de f e n dan t m i g h t di s c o v e r e v i de n c e o r " f i s h o u t " s o m e t h i n g t h at m i g h t b e adm i s s i b l e as
i m p e ac h m e n t e v i de n c e di d n o t j u s t i f y t h e b r o ad r e q u e s t s ); E. E. O . C . v . O r i g i n al H o n e y b ake d
H am C o . o f Ge o r g i a, In c . , No . 11—c v - 02560—MS KMEH , 2012 WL 934312, at *3 (D. C o l o . Mar .
19, 2012) (" De f e n dan t ' s c o n t e n t i o n t h at s u c h dat e d i n f o r m at i o n m ay b e r e l e v an t t o an af t e r-
ac q u i r e d e v i de n c e de f e n s e o r m ay de m o n s t r at e an al t e r n at i v e s o u r c e o f e m o t i o n al di s t r e s s
8
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 17 of 22
i n c h e s ove r t h e l i n e i n t o a ' f i s h i n g e x p e d i t i on ' b arre d b y t h e ap p l i c ab l e ru l e s . " ) ; L i l e s v. S t u art
We i t zman , L L C, No. 09-61448—CIV, 2010 WL 1839229, at *3 (S . D. F l a. May 6, 2010) (g ran t i n g
mot i on f or p rot e c t i ve ord e r an d e x p l ai n i n g t h at " De f e n d an t . . . h as c i t e d n o au t h ori t y t o s u p p ort
h i s arg u me n t t h at a p l ai n t i f f s e mp l oyme n t re c ord s f rom h i s f orme r e mp l oye r are re l e van t (or are
l i k e l y t o l e ad t o ad mi s s i b l e e vi d e n c e ) t o d e mon s t rat e p oor p e rf orman c e w h i l e e mp l oye d b y t h e
d e f e n d an t . More ove r, c ou rt s c on s i d e ri n g t h e i s s u e h ave h e l d t o t h e c on t rary. " ) ; E. E. O. C. v. Jac k
Mars h al l F ood s , In c . , No. 09-0160—WS —M, 2010 WL 55635, at *6 (S . D. Al a. Jan . 4, 2010)
(af f i rmi n g mag i s t rat e j u d g e ' s ord e r g ran t i n g mot i on t o qu as h ove rb road s u b p oe n as t o f orme r
e mp l oye rs ) ; S an d e rs v. Dal c raf t , L L C, No. 3-09—CV-0307—P, 2009 WL 1392602, at *2 (N. D.
Te x . May 18, 2009) (" Cou rt s g e n e ral l y ag re e t h at t h e af t e r-ac qu i re d e vi d e n c e d e f e n s e ' c an n ot b e
u s e d t o p u rs u e d i s c ove ry i n t h e ab s e n c e of s ome b as i s f or b e l i e vi n g t h at af t e r-ac qu i re d e vi d e n c e
of w ron g-d oi n g w i l l b e re ve al e d . ' " ) (c i t at i on omi t t e d ) ; Pre me r v. Core s t qf f S e rvs . , L . P. , 232
F . R. D. 692, 693 (M. D. F l a. 2005) (" Th ou g h t h e af t e r-ac qu i re d e vi d e n c e d oc t ri n e p rovi d e s
e mp l oye rs a me c h an i s m t o l i mi t an e mp l oye e ' s re me d i e s b as e d on e vi d e n c e f ou n d d u ri n g
d i s c ove ry, i t s h ou l d n ot b e u s e d as an i n d e p e n d e n t b as i s t o i n i t i at e d i s c ove ry. " ) .
In t h e i n s t an t c as e , t h e s e au t h ori t i e s al l ap p l y w i t h e qu al i f n ot g re at e r f orc e b e c au s e , as
n ot e d , t h i s i s n ot me re l y a f i s h i n g e x p e d i t i on , i t i s an i n t e n t i on al e f f ort t o an n oy or h aras s t h e
F ou n d at i on s w i t h n o h op e of u n e art h i n g re l e van t i n f ormat i on re l at i n g t o t h e Ob j e c t i on .
Ac c ord i n g l y, t h e S u b p oe n as s h ou l d b e qu as h e d .
2. Th e S u b p oe n as are ove rb road an d w ou l d i mp os e an u n d u e b u rd e n .
Ap art f rom t h e ab s e n c e of an y re l e van c e , t h e s u b p oe n as are p rop e rl y qu as h e d as
ove rb road an d as i mp os i n g an u n d u e b u rd e n . As on e c ou rt h as ap t l y re c og n i ze d , " ob vi ou s l y, i f
s ou g h t -af t e r d oc u me n t s are n ot re l e van t n or c al c u l at e d t o l e ad t o t h e d i s c ove ry of ad mi s s i b l e
9
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 18 of 22
e v i d e n c e , t h e n an y burd e n wh at soe v e r i mpose d . . . would be by d e f i n i t i on ' un d ue . ' " Compaq
Comput e r Corp. v . Pac kard B e ll E le c . , I n c . , 163 F. R. D. 329, 335-36 (N. D. Cal. 1995) . Th at i s
t h e c ase h e re .
E v e n i f t h e t opi c s of t h e Subpoe n as h ad some marg i n al re le v an c e t o Syn c ora' s O bj e c t i on ,
wh i c h t h e y d o n ot , t h e burd e n on t h e Foun d at i on s would warran t t h at t h e subpoe n as be quash e d .
Th e t opi c s i n c lud e suc h f ar-ran g i n g i t e ms as " Th e purpose or mi ssi on of Your f oun d at i on , " an d
" Your pri or d on at i on s or c on t ri but i on s, i n c lud i n g d on at i on s or c on t ri but i on s t o t h e art s. " Amon g
ot h e r proble ms wi t h suc h t opi c s, t h e y are i n appropri at e ly broad , t o put i t mi ld ly. Th e
Foun d at i on s sh ould n ot be re qui re d t o g at h e r up all i n f ormat i on re spon si v e t o suc h ov e rbroad
t opi c s, or be h e ld t o an swe r que st i on s on t h e m, part i c ularly g i v e n t h e abse n c e of an y sh owi n g of
n e e d .
Ad d i t i on ally, muc h of t h e i n f ormat i on soug h t , albe i t i rre le v an t t o t h e O bj e c t i on , i s re ad i ly
av ai lable t o Syn c ora, as we ll as t o t h e publi c at larg e . Th e mi ssi on st at e me n t f or e ac h of t h e
Foun d at i on s i s c on t ai n e d on t h e i r re spe c t i v e we b si t e s. I n f ormat i on re lat i n g t o pri or g ran t s mad e
by t h e Foun d at i on s i s av ai lable v i a Gui d e St ar (www. g ui d e st ar. org ) , wh i c h i n c lud e s d at a f or we ll
ov e r 1, 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 org an i z at i on s by t h e I n t e rn al Re v e n ue Se rv i c e as n ot-f or-prof i t org an i z at i on s.
Syn c ora' s subpoe n as are t h e v e ry d e f i n i t i on of ov e rbroad , an d would be appropri at e ly
quash e d f or t h at re ason alon e e v e n i f t h e y d i d se e k re le v an t i n f ormat i on .
3. Th e Subpoe n as re qui re d i sc losure of pri v i le g e d or ot h e r prot e c t e d
mat t e r.
A t h i rd re ason t h e Subpoe n as sh ould be quash e d i s t h at t h e y would re qui re d i sc losure of
pri v i le g e d or ot h e r prot e c t e d mat e ri al. Di sc ussi on s re g ard i n g t h e DI A Se t t le me n t we re h e ld i n
c on j un c t i on wi t h t h e Court ' s me d i at i on proc e ss, wh i c h d e e me d all n e g ot i at i on s t o be pri v i le g e d ,
an d re qui re d t h at e v e ryt h i n g pe rt ai n i n g t o same be ke pt c on f i d e n t i al (Doc ke t No. 322) . E v e n
10
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 19 of 22
a b s e n t t h i s f a c t , g i v e n t h e c omple t e a b s e n c e of r e le v a n c e r e g a r d i n g t h e a r e a s of i n q u i r y ,
S y n c or a ' s a t t e mpt t o h a r a s s t h e Fou n d a t i on s i n t o d i s c los i n g i n f or ma t i on of t h i s t y pe s h ou ld b e
r e j e c t e d .
I I . THE COURT S HOULD AWARD THE FOUNDATI ONS ATTORNEYS FEES
I NCURRED I N CONNECTI ON WI TH THI S MOTI ON.
Fe d e r a l Ru le of Ci v i l Pr oc e d u r e 45 i n c lu d e s a s pe c i f i c pr ov i s i on a i me d a t "Pr ot e c t i n g a
Pe r s on S u b j e c t t o a S u b poe n a ; En f or c e me n t . " S u b s e c t i on (d ) s t a t e s i n pe r t i n e n t pa r t a s
f ollow s :
(1) Av oi d i n g Un d u e Bu r d e n or Expe n s e ; S a n c t i on s . A pa r t y or
a t t or n e y r e s pon s i b le f or i s s u i n g a n d s e r v i n g a s u b poe n a mu s t t a k e
r e a s on a b le s t e ps t o a v oi d i mpos i n g u n d u e b u r d e n or e xpe n s e on a
pe r s on s u b j e c t t o t h e s u b poe n a . Th e c ou r t f or t h e d i s t r i c t w h e r e
c ompli a n c e i s r e q u i r e d mu s t e n f or c e t h i s d u t y a n d i mpos e a n
a ppr opr i a t e s a n c t i on--w h i c h ma y i n c lu d e los t e a r n i n g s a n d
r e a s on a b le a t t or n e y ' s f e e s--on a pa r t y or a t t or n e y w h o f a i ls t o
c omply .
He r e , i n s t u n n i n g c on t r a s t t o i t s r e s pon s i b i li t y t o t a k e r e a s on a b le s t e ps t o a v oi d i mpos i n g
u n d u e b u r d e n or e xpe n s e , S y n c or a a ppe a r s t o h a v e i s s u e d i t s S u b poe n a s f or t h e v e r y pu r pos e of
i mpos i n g u n d u e b u r d e n or e xpe n s e on t h e Fou n d a t i on s . Be c a u s e t h e t opi c s f or d e pos i t i on a n d
d oc u me n t r e q u e s t s h a v e n o c on n e c t i on t o t h e g r ou n d s f or S y n c or a ' s Ob j e c t i on t o t h e Pla n , a n d ,
t h e r e f or e , t h e S u b poe n a s s e e k i n f or ma t i on t h a t i s e n t i r e ly i r r e le v a n t t o i t s Ob j e c t i on , i t s e e ms t h e
S u b poe n a s w e r e i s s u e d s ole ly f or t h e pu r pos e of a n n oy i n g or h a r a s s i n g t h e Fou n d a t i on s .
Con s e q u e n t ly , t h i s Cou r t s h ou ld a w a r d t h e Fou n d a t i on s t h e i r a t t or n e y s ' f e e s i n c u r r e d i n b r i n g i n g
t h i s mot i on . S e e a ls o Fe d e r a l Ru le of Ci v i l Pr oc e d u r e 3 7 (a )(5)(A) (r e q u i r i n g a c ou r t t o a w a r d
a t t or n e y s ' f e e s u pon t h e g r a n t of a pr ot e c t i v e or d e r a b s e n t c e r t a i n e xc e pt i on s ).
11
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 20 of 22
CONCLUSION
For t h e re asons se t f ort h h e re i n, t h e Foundat i ons re q ue st t h at t h i s Court q uash t h e
Subpoe nas se rv e d by Syncora on June 4, 2014, and award t h e Foundat i ons at t orne ys' f e e s
i ncurre d i n re sponse t o t h e i ssuance of t h ose Subpoe nas. Th e Foundat i ons f urt h e r re q ue st any
and al l ot h e r re l i e f appropri at e unde r t h e ci rcum st ance s.
PLUNKETT COONEY
/ s/ Dougl as C. B e rnst e i n
At t orne ys f or CFSM, t h e Dav i dson
Foundat i on, t h e Erb Foundat i on, t h e Fi sh e r
Foundat i on, Ford Foundat i on, Hudson-We bbe r
Foundat i on, t h e Ke l l ogg Foundat i on,
McGre gor Fund, t h e Mot t Foundat i on and t h e
Sch aap Foundat i on
38505 Woodward Av e ., St e . 2000
B l oom f i e l d Hi l l s, Mi ch i gan 48304
(248) 901-4091
dbe m st e i n@pl unke t t coone y.com
and
Of counse l
WINSTON & STRAWN LLP
Harv e y Kurzwe i l
Ne w York St at e B ar No. 1251610
De si re e M. Ri po
Ne w York St at e B ar No. 4589552
At t orne ys f or Th e Kre sge Foundat i on
200 Park Av e nue
Ne w York, Ne w York 10166-4193
(212) 294-6700
HKurzwe i l @wi nst on.com
DMRi powi nst on.com
12
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 21 of 22
Date: June 13, 2014
Open.18341.41654.14156631-2
13
and
BILZIN SUMBERG BAENA PRICE &
AXELROD LLP
Rafael R. Ri b ei r o
The F lo r i da Bar No . 896241
Mi chael N. K r ei tz er
The F lo r i da Bar No . 705561
Atto r neys fo r the K ni ght F o undati o n
1450 Br i ck ell Avenue, Sui te 2300
Mi ami , F lo r i da 33131-3456
(305) 350-7312
(305) 350-2384
r r i b ei r o a,b i lz i n.co m
mk r ei tz er (alb i lz i n.co m
13-53846-swr Doc 5300 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 22 of 22
13-53846-swr Doc 5300-1 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 1 of 3
13-53846-swr Doc 5300-1 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 2 of 3
13-53846-swr Doc 5300-1 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 3 of 3
13-53846-swr Doc 5300-2 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 1 of 2
13-53846-swr Doc 5300-2 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 2 of 2
13-53846-swr Doc 5300-3 Filed 06/13/14 Entered 06/13/14 08:40:24 Page 1 of 1

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful