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HEALTH
Learners Materials
UNIT 1











Department of Education
Republic of the Philippines

This instructional material was collaboratively
developed and reviewed by educators from public
and private schools, colleges, and or/universities. We
encourage teachers and other education
stakeholders to email their feedback, comments,
and recommendations to the Department of
Education at action@deped.gov.ph.

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Health Grade 3
Learners Material
First Edition, 2013
ISBN: 978-971-0468-21-8

Republic Act 8293, section 176 states that: No copyright shall subsist in
any work of Government of the Philippines. However, prior approval of the
government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary
for exploitation of such work for profit. Such agency or office may, among
other things, impose as a condition the payment of royalties.
Borrowed materials (i.e., songs, stories, poems, picture, photos, brand,
names, trademarks, etc.) included in this book are owned by their respective
copyright owners. The publisher and authors do not represent nor claim
ownership over them.
Published by the Department of Education
Secretary: Br. Armin A. Luistro FSC
Undersecretary: Dina S. Ocampo, Ph.D.







Department of Education Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (Dep Ed IMCS)
Office Address: 5
th
Floor Mabini Bldg. DepEd Complex
Meralco Avenue, Pasig City
Philippines 1600
Telefax: (02) 634 1054 or 634 1072
E mail Address: imcsetd@yahoo.com


Development Team of the Learners Material

Reviewers: Mark Kenneth S. Camiling, Rhodora L. Formento, Evelina M.
Vicencio
Authors: Rizaldy R. Cristo, Minerva C. David, Aidena Nuesca, Jennifer E.
Quinto, Gezyl G. Ramos, Emerson O. Sabadlab
Illustrator: Eric de S. Guia, Fermin M. Fabella, Raemon C. Dela Pea
Encoders: Danica Nicole G. Baa
Proof reviewer: Salvacion Olinares
Focal Person: Nerisa M. Beltran

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Table of Contents

Quarter 1 Nutrition ................................................................. 1

Lesson 1: Good or bad nutrition ......................................... 5
Lesson 2: Are you under eating? ....................................... 7
Lesson 3: Vitamins for life ..................................................... 10
Lesson 4: Minerals for life ..................................................... 13
Lesson 5: Are you overeating? ........................................... 16
Lesson 6: Eat just right........................................................... 18
Lesson 7: Grow with healthy food ...................................... 21
Lesson 8: Healthy with clean and safe food .................... 25
Lesson 9: Maintain a healthy life style ............................... 29



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QUARTER 1






5

NUTRITION
INTRODUCTION:
Proper nutrition is important for your good health. This module will
help you understand the importance of balanced diet in good
nutrition. It also hopes to enable you to make good food choices
and maintain healthy lifestyle. So now, get ready to learn and be
healthy. Remember, it is important to eat well and live well!



Lesson 1: Good or Bad Malnutrition



Look at the pictures.












Picture 1: Rod Picture 2: Lee Picture 3: Romy

Who among the children is healthy? Why?
Who is not healthy? Why?




Lets Try!




Compare Rod, Lee and Romy. Fill out the chart.

Lee Rod Romy

How he looks



How you think he feels



What you think he can do



What you think he CANT
do












Finish the sentence.

Malnutrition is
_____________________________________________________






Lets Do This!
Lets Remember!

Lets Check!





What is a healthy child?
Describe a healthy child. Use your own words.

What is malnutrition?
Answer using the word map below:



Lesson 2: Are you under eating?




Activity 1: A Story of Two Children

Read the stories of two children who are both 8 years old: M
and K.
M

Lets Do!
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M does not have appetite to eat; she is thin. She is also the
smallest child in her class. M wakes up late and is always in a hurry
to go to school. She often misses breakfast. Its a long walk to
school and she arrives in class feeling weak and very tired. She
feels sleepy and cannot understand the lesson. At home, lunch is
rice and water with salt since her family is poor. M got sick. The
doctor at the barangay health center said that M is suffering from
malnutrition.

Answer the following questions:
1. How does M look?
2. How does she feel?
3. What does M eat?
4. What is M suffering from?
5. What does M lack in her diet?

K
K is suffering from burn and has been in the hospital for
weeks. He and his little brother were playing with matches and
their house caught fire. K cannot eat. He finds it hard to chew and
swallow food. He has lost a lot of weight and is already very thin.
Answer the following questions:
1. How does K look?
2. How does he feel?
3. What cant K eat?
4. What might happen to K? Why?

Activity 2: Draw Me a Picture



Draw a picture of M or K.







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Lets Check!



Finish the following sentences under your picture:

1. Protein-energy malnutrition is a kind of _____________________.
2. In protein-energy malnutrition, there is lack of the nutrients
______________ and ________________ in the diet.
3. A child with protein-energy malnutrition
looks
_______________________________________________________.
feels _________________-
_______________________________________.
cannot____________________________________________________
__.








On the space before the number: write True if the statement is
correct, write False if the statement is wrong.

___1. A child who eats too little suffers from over nutrition.
___2. A child who eats too much suffers from malnutrition.
___3. A child who suffers from protein-energy malnutrition is stout.
___4. A child with protein-energy malnutrition does not learn well.
___5. A child with protein-energy malnutrition lacks protein and
carbohydrates in the diet.




Lets Remember!

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Lesson 3: Vitamins For Life?






Activity 1
Study the pictures below.
Describe the children.




























Lets Do!

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Activity 2: Know Your Vitamins


Match the deficiencies in column A with the vitamin a person
needs in column B.
Draw a line to connect them.

A B

1. Scurvy A. Vitamin A

2. Beri-beri B. Vitamin B

3. Rickets C. Vitamin C

4. Night blindness D. Vitamin D

E. Vitamin E

















Lets Remember!


Vitamins are nutrients that help regulate body functions. A
person who lacks vitamins in the body will suffer nutritional
deficiencies.
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Lets Check!





What will happen if we dont get enough vitamins?
Name the vitamins needed for each situation.

1. Jane finds it hard to read her favorite book. Her eyes are
itching and burning.
____________________________________________________

2. Francis has dry and scaly skin. He gets tired easily and has
muscle pains.

____________________________________________________

3. Leah often has nose and gum bleeding. Her wounds also
do not heal easily.

_____________________________________________________

4. Greg cannot walk and stand properly. He has weak bones
and muscles.

_____________________________________________________

Choose one vitamin. Make a slogan on how to prevent vitamin
deficiency.




Content: 5 points
Structure: 3 points
Creativity: 2 points
10 points
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Lesson 4: Minerals For Life






I. Identify the signs and symptoms for each deficiency.
Write in the appropriate column.

Dizziness Joint pains Slow growth
Paleness Brittle nails Difficult swallowing
Cramps Sleeplessness Slow mental growth


Iron- Deficiency
Anemia
Iodine- Deficiency Calcium- Deficiency




II. What minerals do these foods contain?
A. Write your answers on the blank.





milk

S se



seaweeds





cheese











Lets Check!
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fish






Malunggay leaves






chicken








shrimps




crabs

Mussels

clams
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III. Match the deficiency in Column A to the healthy foods in
Column B. Draw a line to connect.






















Rickets

Iron-deficiency anemia

Goiter

A
B
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Lesson 5: Are you overeating?






Activity 1: A Letter For My Friend

Read the letter below.

Dear Friend,

How are you doing? You have been absent in school for a
week now. I called your house. Your father told me that you get
easily tired and you find it hard to breathe. I asked if we can play
after school but he said you cannot. Your father said you do not
also want to go to school because you are afraid to be teased as
a fat kid. Please call me so I can tell you our homework. Come to
school again soon.

Love, Your Friend


Answer the following questions:
1. Why is the friend not going to school?
2. How does the friend look like?
3. What is the friend suffering from?
4. What foods did the friend eat that made him fat?

Activity 2: Eat all you can!

Draw your favorite food.





Lets Do!
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Lets Check!




Finish the following sentences under your picture:

1. Obesity is a kind of _____________________.
2. In obesity, there is lack of ______________ and excess
________________ in the diet.
3. A child with obesity
looks___________________________________________.
feels______________________________________________________.
cannot___________________________________________________.







On the space before the number: write True is the statement is
correct, write False if the statement is wrong.

___1. A child who eats too much suffers from under nutrition.
___2. A child who eats too much suffers from obesity.
___3. A child who suffers from obesity is skinny.
___4. A child with obesity performs limited physical activities only.
___5. A child with obesity lacks protein and carbohydrates in the
diet.




Lets Remember!

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Lesson 6: Eat Just Right!





What are your favorite foods for breakfast, lunch and dinner?
Draw on the plates below.

















Are these healthy?
Is it okay to eat too much or too less? Why?

Breakfast Lunch
Dinner
Lets Try!
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Activity 2: Create Your Own Menu!













Lets Do!
20





I. Use the Food Pyramid Guide to plan a balanced breakfast,
lunch and dinner.
Write inside the notepads.










II. Complete the sentences below.
If I eat too less, I may
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
If I eat too much, I may
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
If I eat just right, I may
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
____
Lets Check!
Breakfast Lunch
Dinner
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Lesson 7: Grow with Healthy Food





Can you find the hidden names of nutritious foods?
Find these and write on your notebook.


P E C H A Y X V
A Q S Q U A S H
P U B E N M E W
A C A S S A V A
Y F N G U A V A
A B A M I L K H
K A N G K O N G
D M A N G O K U
C A M O T E R N
L B A N A N A Y
Lets Try!
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Activity 1: Match Me!
What do we get from eating nutritious food?
Match the picture to the correct word.

Pictureofrootcrops(kamote,
cassava,corn)

Calcium

Vitamins
Minerals

Carbohydrates
Lets Do!
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Activity 2: My Everyday Maze


What are other foods that we need to eat more everyday?























START
A Healthy and
Balanced You
Draw a carbohydrate-
rich food.
Draw a vitamin-rich
food.
Draw a mineral-rich
food.
TIME OUT!
Lets Drink a glass of
milk

Draw a glass of milk
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Why do we need to eat protein-rich foods?
Why do we need to avoid salty and fatty foods?
Write the reasons below.

YestoProtein!
IfIeatproteinrichfoods,Iwill
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
NotoSaltandFat!
IfIeattoosaltyandfattyfoods,Iwill
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
Lets Check!
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Lesson 8: Healthy with Clean and Safe Food







Sing the song to the tune of Row, row, row your boat

Eat clean and safe food
Do it everyday
Happily, happily, happily, happily
We will be healthy





Activity 1: Whats wrong?
Study the picture.


















Lets Try!
Lets Do!
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Activity 2: Choose and Tell


Decide whether the picture shows proper ways to have clean and
safe food.
If not write what must be done in your notebook.










































1 2
3 4
5
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Activity 3: Agree or Disagree?


Which of the following practices do you like or dislike?
Check ( ) the column.


Agree Practices Disgaree


I will keep cabinets and other
food storage areas clean and
dry.


I will wash vegetables and fruits
with soap and water.


I will leave utensils in the sink after
using these.


I will reheat leftover foods.


I will serve food in clean dishes.


I will eat lunch by the road.


I will eat expired foods.


I will use clean pots in cooking.


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A. Provide the missing word on the blank. Use the picture to
guide you.

Wash _______________ , and __________

before and after eating.



Store_______________________ in a

cool and dry place .

_______________ food to avoid germs carried


by _________. .

B. Complete the phrases below:

1. I will not eat uncovered leftover food
because_____________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
________

2. I will wash fruits and vegetables before cooking or eating
to________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
____________
Lets Check!
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Lesson 9: Maintain A Healthy Life Style





Activity 1
Read the story assigned to your group.

Story A
Kuya Ramon is always drinking beer at the sari-sari store.
After drinking, he often stumbles and falls when going home.
Sometimes he gets into a fight. Sometimes other people dont
want to drink with him. His family fears him when he is drunk
because he gets angry and sometimes beat his children. He has
also grown thinner since he doesnt eat well and prefers beer.

Answer the following questions:
1. What can you say about Kuya Ramon?
2. Is this lifestyle of drinking often healthy? Why or why
not?
3. What should Kuya Ramon do?

Story B

Susans father smokes cigarettes. He smokes inside the
house. He thinks the children will not be affected since he smokes
when the children are not around. Susan has a cough that
doesnt seem to heal and is always coming back after a few days.
When Susan was brought to the doctor, the doctor asked if
someone smokes in the family. Susans mother explained that the
children are not harmed by her husbands smoking if they are not
around. The doctor explained about third-hand smoke. Smoke
from cigarettes gets trapped in the curtains and furniture in the
house. Hence, the children will still breathe the polluted air from
the trapped smokes chemicals.

Answer the following questions:

1. What can you say about Susans father?
2. Is this lifestyle of smoking healthy? Why or why not?
3. What should Susans father do?

Lets Do!
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Activity 2
Choose the healthy foods and activities.
Write your answer in your notebook.





























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Copy and check on the column that corresponds to your answer.

Activities Often Seldom Never
1. Drink milk daily.
2. Eat breakfast regularly.
3. Eat junk food for snacks.
4. Watch television all day.
5. Drink three bottles of soda a day.
6. Drink a lot of natural fruit juices.
7. Drink 8 10 glasses of water daily.
8. Stay close to a smoking person.
9. Play active games with friends on
Saturdays.

10. Play computer games until late
at night.








Lets us Check!
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What makes a healthy lifestyle?
Provide the missing letters to form the word being described.

1. Eating the right kind and right amount of food





2. Doing this will help your body to be strong and you will not easily
get sick, you will control your weight and have fun.




E R C S

3. It can cause lung cancer and infection, allergies and asthma.

S M K N G

4. Unhealthy beverages that commonly leads to malnutrition and
vitamin deficiencies

L C H L

B L N D
D E
R G L R
Lets Do this at Home