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SUBMARINE

PIPELINE DESIGN
INTRODUCTION
Subsea Pipelines are used for the transportation of offshore
Hydroarbons fro! one Platfor! to another and or
Platfor! to Shore"
SUBSEA PIPELINE DESIGN ACTIVITIES

Pipeline Sizing

Pipeline Material Selection

Pipeline Mechanical Deign

Pipeline Sta!ilit" Anal"i

Pipeline Span Anal"i

Pipeline Protection Deign



PIPELINE SI#ING

In general it $ean %i&ing 'p the pipeline no$inal


(ia$eter )*+,-.+ etc/,0 1hich (eal 1ith the i$portant
apect li2e///
MA#IMUM $L%& RA'E (%NDI'I%N
(HE() $%R 'HE $L%& (%NDI'I%N *pressure drop + flo,
-eloity.
(HE() $%R SE(%NDAR/ (RI'ERIA like .
# Flow regime (mix of hydro carbon, single/multi phase flow
# !emperature profile
# "rosion #elocity

D
t
pipeline si$ing continues...
PIPELINE MATERIAL SELECTION
The go3erning para$eter %or the partic'lar t"pe o% $aterial to
!e 'e( are
!emperature
%ressure
&urrounding "n#ironment.

'orrosi#e elements ('(


)
and *
)
&
Car!on teel )'arbon + ,anganese &teel0 C/S/Nace, C/R/A.

-%. + /0 of 1rade 2anges From 3 + 4) to 3 + 56

-%. + /0 3+ /) ,76 8 7/ 1rades are commonly used.


PIPELINE MEC4ANICAL DESIGN
!he mechanical design of the pipeline is carried to with stand
factors like
.nternal pressure
"xternal pressure
*ydrostatic collapse
9uckle initiation
9uckle propagation
t
D
P
O
P
i
Local
B'c2ling
B'c2le
propagation
Lateral !'c2ling
pipeline mechanical design continues...
Collape ('e to
B'c2le
pipeline mechanical design continues...
PIPELINE SPAN ANAL5SIS
Ca'e o% the Pipeline Span are

Une3en Sea!e( on Selecte( ro'te

Pipeline Croing ea!e( roc2 o'tcrop

San( 6a3e

Sco'r
All thee re'lt in panning an( ca'e

E&cei3e "iel(ing )Re'lt in 4igh Ben(ing Mo$ent0

B'c2le Initiation an( there !" Propagation

Vi!ration in('ce( !" Vorte& he((ing %ro$ Span


Un'pporte( length
Longit'(inal loa(
pipeline span analysis continues...
The criteria for the determination of allowable free span are:
1. Vortex Excited Oscillation(Dynamic span)
2. endin! d"e to #elf $ei!ht(#tatic span)
%. "c&lin! #pan

L = {(2.
2
.E.I)/S}
PIPELINE STABILIT5
Vertical ta!ilit" Lateral ta!ilit"
: &inking in to the sea bed during
maximum fluid density condition
: Floating of 9uried %ipeline during
"mpty condition 8 &oil 0i;uefaction
Pipeline Lateral Sta!ilit"
.t is the capacity to resist the lateral forces due to
"n#ironmental loads.
7orce to !e coni(ere( %or Lateral ta!ilit" anal"i
S'!$erge( 1eight 6
S
Lateral reitance R
7riction
Drag %orce 7
D
Li%t %orce 7
L
&oil 9erms
Metho( o% Pipeline ta!ilization<

Increae Pipeline 1all thic2ne

Pro3i(e Concrete 6eight Coating

La" the Pipeline in Open trench

Trench an( !'r" the Pipeline

Pro3i(e Concrete Mattre o3er Pipeline

Sta!ilize Pipeline !" Roc2 ('$ping


Increae in
Pipe1all thic2ne
Pro3i(ing
Concrete coating
Pipeline ta!ilization contin'e///
Sea !e(
Trench 1all
8ette( in pipe
B'rie( pipe9 Nat'ral 7ill
Ar$or roc2
Bac2 %ill
Be((ing
Be((ing
Tre$ie concrete
B'rie( pipe9 Ar$or Co3er B'rie( pipe9 Concrete Co3er
Sta!ilization Metho( %or !'rie( S'!$arine pipeline
Nat'ral %ill
Pipeline ta!ilization contin'e///
Trenching 'n(er
Proce
A%ter Trenching
Pipeline ta!ilization contin'e///
Concrete $attre
Pipeline ta!ilization contin'e///
=ifferent types of mattress
-rticulated
mattress
Pipeline ta!ilization contin'e///
Roc2 ('$ping to protect
pipeline
Pipeline ta!ilization contin'e///
2ock dumping in
%rocess
Pipeline ta!ilization contin'e///
PIPELINE PROTECTION
: Protection %ro$ Droppe( O!:ect
; Loads expected + .mpact 0oads, from dropped
ob>ects, &hip -nchors. etc.,
: Protection %ro$Tra1l gear
; Loads expected + .mpact loads, %ullo#er loads and
*ooking load (as an accidental load.
Tra1l Gear
'lip board
'lip board beam