Level of significance ()
 a predetermined probability value that a researcher wants in committing a maximum error upon stating
the conclusion
 sets the area of rejection where the conclusion will be based
 usually, values are = 0.10, = 0.05, or = 0.01
 = 1 confidence interval.
STEPS IN HYPOTHESIS TESTING:
1. Analyze the problem to determine the null and alternative hypotheses.
2. Set the level of significance.
3. Determine the test statistic to be used (ztest, ttest, etc)
4. Compute for the statistic value.
5. Find the critical value and set the area of rejection.
6. If the obtained statistic value is in the critical region (that is beyond the critical value(s)),
Reject Ho. Otherwise, Fail to reject Ho.
Given the following research questions involving tests of single mean, determine whether it leads to
a one or twotailed test. Then state Ho and Ha.
a) Is the mean IQ of Thomasians significantly above 120?
Onetailed test
Twotailed test
Ho: _________________________________________________________________
Ha: _________________________________________________________________
b) Do the skin cancer patients have a mean body temperature of less than 37C two hours
after applying fluorouracil?
Onetailed test
Twotailed test
Ho: _________________________________________________________________
Ha: _________________________________________________________________
c) Does biliary atresia occur to Filipino children at a mean of 3 years old?
Onetailed test
Twotailed test
Ho: _________________________________________________________________
Ha: _________________________________________________________________
TESTS FOR SINGLE POPULATION MEAN

or
1. Suppose that a researcher has conducted a study to determine whether the weight of 12year old boys in
his town is 80 lbs. He collected 50 samples with a mean weight of 77 lbs. If the population standard
deviation known to be 9 lbs, can he conclude that the mean weight of the 12year old boys in his town is
not equal to 80 lbs? Test at = 0.05.
Hypotheses:
Ho: ____________________________________________________________________________
Ha:______________________________________________________________________________
Test Statistic:
Decision: _______________
Conclusion: ______________________________________________________________________
2. The mean weight of the sample of 40 persons from the Honolulu Heart Study is 64 kg. If the ideal weight
is known to be 60 kg, is the group significantly overweight? Assume = 15 kg and = 0.05.
Hypotheses:
Ho: ____________________________________________________________________________
Ha:______________________________________________________________________________
Test Statistic:
Decision: _______________
Conclusion: ______________________________________________________________________
3. From a sample of 25 patients, the mean diastolic blood pressure in Honolulu Hospital is 72.73 mmHg with
a standard deviation of 6.97 mmHg. At = 0.05, test whether the mean blood pressure of this group is
significantly greater than 70.
Filename: ex11.sav
Hypotheses:
Ho: ____________________________________________________________________________
Ha:______________________________________________________________________________
Test Statistic:
Decision: _______________
Conclusion: ______________________________________________________________________
4. A quality control specialist of a pharmaceutical company wants to determine if all the active ingredient of
the capsules being manufactured has a mean mass of 500 mg. A sample of 15 capsules were taken and
found a mean of 504.31 mg with a standard deviation of 9.85 mg. Can the quality control specialist
conclude that the mean mass of all the capsules being manufactured is not 500 mg? Test at = 0.05.
Filename: ex12.sav
Hypotheses:
Ho: ____________________________________________________________________________
Ha:______________________________________________________________________________
Test Statistic:
Decision: _______________
Conclusion: ______________________________________________________________________
1. A bottle of insect repellant is labeled Net contents: 16 Fl. oz. The Bureau of Standards randomly selected 15 bottles
from as many stores in a city and measured the actual contents. The results (in ounces) show that the mean is 15.8
and standard deviation is 0.29. Does the data provide sufficient evidence that mean Net concent (in Fl oz.) of the
insect repellant is not 16 Fl.oz? Test at =0.05.
Hypotheses:
Ho: _____________________________________________________________________________________
Ha: _____________________________________________________________________________________
Test Statistic:
Decision: _______________
Conclusion: _______________________________________________________________________________
2. A manufacturer of medicine claimed that the percentage of absorbance of their paracetamol is 42.29. A researcher
has drawn 50 random samples and found out that the mean absorbance of this paracetamol is 39.55 with a standard
deviation of 0.87. Is there a sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean absorbance of this paracetamol is below
42.29? Test at =0.05.
Hypotheses:
Ho: _____________________________________________________________________________________
Ha: _____________________________________________________________________________________
Test Statistic:
Decision: _______________
Conclusion: _______________________________________________________________________________
3. An experiment was done to test whether the cholesterol density of the residents in a certain barangay is 200mg/dL.
Twenty five residents were randomly selected and have found to have a mean cholesterol density of 257 mg/dL.
Assuming that the cholesterol densitys standard deviation of all the residents is 45 mg/dL, is there a sufficient
evidence to conclude that the mean cholesterol density of these residents is above 200 mg/dL at =0.05.
Hypotheses:
Ho: _____________________________________________________________________________________
Ha: _____________________________________________________________________________________
Test Statistic:
Decision: _______________
Conclusion: _______________________________________________________________________________