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Deep branch of the lateral planter n innervates all plantar mm except 1st lumbrical, 3rd PAD,

Abd hallucis, and FHB and FDB


Medial plantar n innervates the following mm: FHB, 1st lumbrical, FDB
Talar torsion: angle between transverse plane and longitudinal access of head
Tendons are superficial to arteries, veins, and nerves (excluding cutaneous nn)
Most common tarsal coalition: talar-calcaneal (think Dwight)
No nerves ever cross the interosseous membrane.
Vein valves are positioned so blood goes superficial --> deep
Subtalar joint is divided anatomically into anterior and posterior portions
Obturator tubercle is found on the superior aspect of the body of the ischium
Iliofemoral lig attaches to the intertrochanteric line
EDB inserts on lateral side of EDL tendon
Femoral n does NOT course in vascular compartment under inguinal lig
IT band attaches to Gerdy's tubercle
The following originate from the ischial tuberosity: QF, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, long
head of BF, sacrotuberous lig
Tuberosity of cuboid is on its lateral side
Inferior surface of navicular has a groove for tendon of tibialis posterior (plantar component)
1st cuneiform has an anteroplantar tuberosity for tendons of PL and TA
3 mm attach to medial process of calcaneal tuberosity: Abd hallucis, FDB, Abd DM
Medial arm of FHB originates from TP!
Common fibular n courses LATERAL to the popliteal fossa
Popliteal a divides into anterior and posterior tibial arteries @ INFERIOR border of popliteus m
Quadrate tubercle is @ midpoint of intertrochanteric crest
Fibular collateral lig is separated from lateral meniscus by the tendon of popliteus m
The following mm contribute to the rigid beam during propulsion: all longitudinal fibers (think
rigid beam = i beam = interossei, lumbricals, etc?)
Lymphatics of the foot: all deep, and lateral sup go to popliteal nodes. Medial sup go to lower
group of sup inguinal nodes.
Posterior border of medial malleolus: medial malleolar sulcus for tendons of TP and FDL
Sural n gets posterolateral leg, and lateral + posterior heel.
QP works to convert FDL's pull to posteriorly rather than obliquely
Oblique head of Add hallucis partially originates on tendon sheath of PL
Infrapatellar synovial fold: intercondylar eminence
Lumbricals are always medial, and there are 4.
Patella ossifies around 3 yo
The following mm are innervated by the anterior division of obturator n: gracilis, adductor
longus, and adductor brevis
Compartments of the foot: medial holds hallux stuff. Lateral holds digiti minimi stuff. Central
holds everything else (also AddH). Interosseous holds interossei.
The posterior perforating aa are branches of the plantar arch portion of the lateral plantar a.
The Knot of Henry is derived from the tendon of FHL
The plantar plate is loosely attached to the head of a metatarsal, tightly to the base of PP
S1 is responsible for the Achilles reflex
Gluteus maximus isn't very active in gait, but is used when running, climbing stairs, or rising
from a seated position
The saphenous n does not pass through the popliteal fossa
Calcaneocuboid joint has no interosseous lig
Screw home mech: internal rotation of femur to lock
Gluteal tuberosity is continuous with the inferior border of the greater trochanter
Iliopsoas m inserts on lesser trochanter
Superior gluteal n innervates tensor fascia lata m (weird 'cause m is in anterior comp)
The spring lig is not palpable on the plantar foot
Posterior meniscofemoral lig attaches to posterior horn of lateral meniscus
The femoral v occupies the middle comp of the femoral sheath
Deep group of inguinal lymph nodes drains into the internal iliac lymph nodes
EDB does not usually go to the digiti minimi; its only extensor is EDL
But, FDB does get all 4 lesser digits!
Also weird: FDB inserts on MIDDLE phalanx
Also weird: EDB inserts on tendon of EDL! (lateral side)
Lumbricals are weird, too: they flex the prox phalanx while extending MP and DP