ATOLL GSM/GPRS/EDGE FEATURES

Training Programme
1. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Concepts

2. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Planning Overview

3. Modelling a GSM/GPRS/EDGE Network

4. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Predictions

5. Neighbour Allocation

6. Frequency Plan Analysis
© Forsk 2012 Slide 2 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
1. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Concepts
GSM/GPRS/EDGE Overview

Frequency Hopping Overview
© Forsk 2012 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission Slide 3 of 75
GSM/GPRS/EDGE Overview
Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)
Second digital norm for mobile telephony (2G) established in 1982

Initially dedicated to voice services

Addition of GPRS (General Packet Radio Service – 2,5G) and EDGE (Enhanced Data Rates
for GSM Evolution 2,75G)
• Packet-switched services and high data rates

• Use of Coding Schemes
• According to radio link quality, selection of robustness dependent coding scheme
• Good quality : least robust coding schemes for high throughput
• Poor quality : most robust coding schemes for high security (lower throughput)

• CS1 to 4 for GPRS (GMSK modulation)  up to 171,2 kbps per frame
• GPRS in Atoll

• MCS1 to 9 for EDGE (8PSK modulation)  up to 384 kbps per frame
• EGPRS in Atoll

• DAS5 to 12 and DBS5 to 12 for EDGE Evolution (16 and 32QAM modulations)  up to 1 Mbps
per frame
• EGPRS2 in Atoll
© Forsk 2012 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission Slide 4 of 75
GSM/GPRS/EDGE Overview
TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access)
8 Timeslots per frame
• 1 user per TS in FR
• 2 users per TS in HR
• Use of codec modes (e.g. Half-Rate) to
compress voice and increase network
capacity in good radio conditions

Signalling on BCCH
• Broadcast en TS 0
• Up to 7 TS for traffic (TCH)

Channel bandwidth = 200 KHz

Hierarchical Cell Structure (HCS)
Optional definition of cell hierarchy (Umbrella, Macro, Micro, Pico, ..cells)
Traffic served on priority on highest priority layers
• Priority may not be respected for signal strength or mobility reasons
(e.g. pico cells dedicated to low mobility users)
© Forsk 2012 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission Slide 5 of 75
GSM/GPRS/EDGE Overview
Interference in GSM/GPRS/EDGE
Measured by C/(I+N) parameter

Occurring between co and adjacent channels
• Example : if on an overlapping area, a receiver is covered twice by the same channel and if the signal
strength received from the interferer is close to the serving signal strength, the receiver is interfered

Main issue of GSM/GPRS/EDGE
• Reduction of capacity
• No service of codec modes
• No service of coding schemes

Solutions to interference
• Frequency hopping
• Frequency diversity in order to diversify the interferers
• Against frequency selective fading
• Average interference level over all the mobile station assigned frequencies

• Uplink power control (currently not modelled in Atoll)

© Forsk 2012 Slide 6 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Frequency Hopping Overview
Hopping Modes
Non Hopping (NH)
• Mobile always attached to the same channel
• Mobile Station Allocation : Channel

Base Band Hopping (BBH)
• One frequency per TRX
• Mobile hops over TRXs
• In Atoll, base band hopping is made over TRXs of a given subcell
• Definition of a Mobile Allocation List (MAL) : list of frequencies defined in the subcell to which the MS is
attached
• Mobile Station Allocation : MAL

Synthesized Frequency Hopping (SFH)
• One frequency list per TRX
• Mobile linked to a TRX
• TRX hops over frequencies
• Definition of a Mobile Allocation List (MAL) : list of frequencies defined in the TRX to which the MS is
attached
• Definition of a Mobile Allocation Index Offset (MAIO) used as a starting point in the channel hopping
sequence
• Mobile Station Allocation : MAL-MAIO
© Forsk 2012 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission Slide 7 of 75
Training Programme
1. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Concepts

2. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Planning Overview

3. Modelling a GSM/GPRS/EDGE Network

4. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Predictions

5. Neighbour Allocation

6. Frequency Plan Analysis
© Forsk 2012 Slide 8 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
2. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Planning Overview

2G Features Supported in Atoll


2G Workflow in Atoll
© Forsk 2012 Slide 9 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
2G Features Supported In Atoll
Multi-layers Networks (HCS)

Concentric Cells (Overlay/Underlay)
Inner and outer subcells
Dual band stations, multi-bands networks

Advanced Voice Modelling
Support of FR, HR, EFR, AMR
Quality Indicator Predictions (BER, FER, MOS)

GPRS and GPRS/EDGE Networks
Support of standard EDGE (EGPRS) and EDGE evolution (EGPRS2)
Modelling of Traffic Parameters
Dimensioning of Multi-technology Networks
Coding Scheme, Throughput and BLER Predictions

Frequency Hopping
Base Band Hopping/Synthesized Frequency Hopping
HSN, MAIO, Synchronisation level
© Forsk 2012 Slide 10 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
2G Workflow In Atoll
Open an existing project or
create a new one
Network Configuration
- Add Network Elements
- Change Parameters
Basic Predictions
(Best Server, Signal Level)
User-defined Values Traffic Maps Dimensioning
Required Number
of TRXs
Manual Frequency Allocation Automatic Frequency Allocation (AFP)
List of Frequencies
GSM/GPRS/EDGE Predictions
Prediction Reports
Frequency Plan Analysis
Neighbour Allocation
ACP
© Forsk 2012 Slide 11 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Training Programme
1. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Concepts

2. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Planning Overview

3. Modelling a GSM/GPRS/EDGE Network

4. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Predictions

5. Neighbour Allocation

6. Frequency Plan Analysis
© Forsk 2012 Slide 12 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
3. Modelling a GSM/GPRS/EDGE Network
Resource Overview

Frequencies, BSICs and HSNs

Transmitter Parameters

Manual Resource Allocation

Automatic Resource Allocation : Overview
© Forsk 2012 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission Slide 13 of 75
Resource Overview
Resources to be managed
Frequencies
BSICs
HSNs

Management from the Parameters Explorer

Description of frequency bands

Definition of Domains and Groups

• Frequencies, BSICs, HSNs


• Splitting resources over validation domains:
• Domain = set of groups
• Group = set of resources (channels, BSICs, HSNs)
• Allocated resources must belong to the related domains
© Forsk 2012 Slide 14 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Frequencies
Domains and Groups of frequencies













One frequency domain assigned to each TRX type per cell type
Frequencies allocated to TRXs manually or automatically (using an AFP)
Frequency band related
to the domain
Description of groups
• The group 1 contains all the channels between 55 and 87 except the channel 60.
• The group 2 contains all the channels between 10 and 30 and the channel 35.
© Forsk 2012 Slide 15 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
BSICs
Domains and Groups of BSICs
BSIC – BCCH : cell identifier

Made of 2 codes
• Network colour code (NCC 0 7) + BTS colour code (BCC 0 7)

Default format : octal (base 8)
• NCC 5 + BCC 4  BSIC 54

Format selection in the transmitters context menu

Same procedure and GUI as the one available for frequency domain and group definition

One BSIC domain assigned to each transmitter

One BSIC allocated to each transmitter manually or automatically (using an AFP)
© Forsk 2012 Slide 16 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
HSNs
Domains and Groups of HSNs

HSNs (hopping sequence number)
• Random sequence generator
• Description of the frequency hopping sequence
• 64 available values [0..63]
• Pseudo-random sequences except HSN = 0 (cyclic hopping)

Same procedure and GUI as the one available for frequency domain and group definition

One HSN domain assigned to each TRX type per cell type

One HSN allocated to each subcell per transmitter manually or automatically (using an AFP)
© Forsk 2012 Slide 17 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Transmitter Properties : General Tab
Transmitter Parameters
HCS layer which the
transmitter belongs to
Specific layer
admission threshold
(optional) which
overwrites the default
layer threshold
© Forsk 2012 Slide 18 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Definition of Service Layers














Each transmitter can belong to a HCS layer (optional)
Transmitter Parameters
Priority of the HCS layer
• Highest value has the highest priority
• Used in coverage predictions
Default reception threshold to be attached to a HCS layer
• Used in coverage predictions with the layer priority parameter.
Highest priority layer will be considered only if the its signal level is
higher that this threshold.
• May be used as layer border
© Forsk 2012 Slide 19 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Transmitter Parameters
Transmitter Properties : TRXs Tab (1/2)
© Forsk 2012 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission Slide 20 of 75
Frequency band
related to the BCCH
subcell frequency
domain (used by
propagation
models)
Transmitter identification
parameters: BCCH, BSIC
domain and BSIC value
(NCC-BCC)
Choice of a cell type =
Template for Subcells
• Each transmitter must
refer to a cell type
(mandatory)
• Initialisation of subcell
parameters in
transmitters

Specific max number of
TRXs
(Only used for
Dimensioning)
Allowed propagation
range for the considered
transmitter
Reselect offset used for
the best idle mode
reselection criterion (C2)
Transmitter Parameters
Transmitter Properties : TRXs Tab (2/2)
© Forsk 2012 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission Slide 21 of 75
Subcell settings
• properties initialised by
the values given to the
selected cell type
• Parameters related to
dimensioning
• Parameters related to
frequency hopping
List of TRXs
• Allocated channels
(automatic or manual)
• Parameter related to
frequency hopping
Button to access the
selected subcell property
dialogue
Scrolling box to select
the different views of the
subcell table (Standard,
Traffic Data, AFP
Indicators)
Manual Resource Allocation (1/3)
Allocation of frequencies for each requested TRX of a subcell

1 BCCH TRX mandatory

Depends on the hopping mode defined in subcells
• Non hopping or BBH mode : 1 frequency per TRX
• SFH : 1 frequency list per TRX + MAIO

Depends on the allocation strategy : group constrained or free
• Group constrained: only frequencies belonging to a same group in a frequency domain which are not
excluded for a given subcell can be allocated
• Free: all the frequencies of a frequency domain excepted the ones excluded from the subcell can be
allocated


Allocation of the BCCH and the BSIC to each transmitter
© Forsk 2012 Slide 22 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Manual Resource Allocation (2/3)
Subcells and TRXs parameters in Transmitter Properties
© Forsk 2012 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission Slide 23 of 75
To be filled when
using SFH
List of possible channels in the defined
domains (Entire frequency group if
Allocation strategy = Group Constrained)
List of TRX types to
be created – empty by
default
Channel allocation:
•1 per TRX (NH or BBH)
•List in SFH
Allowed domains
for related TRXs
No. of TRXs to be
created per subcell
HSN domain selection
and HSN allocation
Synchronisation site
used to calculate
collision probabilities
TRX allocation : entire frequency
group if Allocation strategy =
Group Constrained
Manual Resource Allocation (3/3)
Allocation of frequencies in the TRX table

By copy-paste

Using the table generic import
• From any ASCII text file
• From any table exported using the generic export feature within Atoll
© Forsk 2012 Slide 24 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Automatic Resource Allocation Overview (1/2)
Generic dialogs in Atoll for any AFP model

Possibility to allocate
Frequencies, Frequency Hopping Groups (MALs), HSNs, MAIOs, BSICs

Possibility to select AFP-dependant strategies
Azimuth-oriented allocation, optimisation of the number of TRXs to increase the correctly
served traffic, …

Goal of AFP
Find optimal allocations that minimise interferences over the network and comply with a set of
constraints (separation, frequency domain limitation)

Principle of an AFP model
Convergence criterion based on a cost function
The cost function consists of two main components
• Cost component due to interferences
• Cost component due to separation constraint violations
The AFP model tries to minimise the value of the cost function
© Forsk 2012 Slide 25 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Automatic Resource Allocation Overview (2/2)
AFP Process
© Forsk 2012 Slide 26 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
AFP Launching
AFP Results
AFP Progress
Training Programme
1. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Concepts

2. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Planning Overview

3. Modelling a GSM/GPRS/EDGE Network

4. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Predictions

5. Neighbour Allocation

6. Frequency Plan Analysis
© Forsk 2012 Slide 27 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
4. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Predictions
Available Predictions


Examples of Service Area Definition


Service and User Modelling


Coverage Predictions


Point Analysis Tool
© Forsk 2012 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission Slide 28 of 75
Available Predictions
Coverage Predictions
Basic Quality Predictions
• Interfered areas prediction
• Coverage by C/I level

Circuit Service Dedicated Prediction
• Circuit Quality Indicators

Packet Service Dedicated Predictions
• Coding Scheme coverage
• Packet throughput coverage

Point Analysis
Reception and Interference Analysis at a Given Point

Principles
Prediction Calculated for a given frequency plan
© Forsk 2012 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission Slide 29 of 75
Definition of Service Areas in GSM/GPRS/EDGE
Definition of the service zone of each transmitter

Selection of the server

• All

• Best signal level

• Second best signal

• Best signal level per HCS layer

• Second best signal level per HCS layer

• HCS servers

• Highest priority HCS server

• Best idle mode reselection criterion (C2)
• Using the reselection offset defined at the transmitter level
© Forsk 2012 Slide 30 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Definition of Service Areas in GSM/GPRS/EDGE
Network Model
Stations
• 3 tri-sectors base stations on a micro layer
• 1 omni base station on a macro layer
• 1 omni base station on an umbrella layer

Cells





Layers





Mobilities
• 3 mobilities defined in the network : pedestrian (3, 50 and 90 km/h)
© Forsk 2012 Slide 31 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Definition of Service Areas in GSM/GPRS/EDGE
All Servers
• No competition between cells and between layers
• Overlapping of all the layers
• Border of each cell defined by its BCCH reception
threshold (-105/-102 dBm)
-102 dBm
-105 dBm
© Forsk 2012 Slide 32 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Definition of Service Areas in GSM/GPRS/EDGE
Best Server
• Layers not considered
• Competition between cells whatever their layer is
• No overlapping
• Border of each cell defined by its BCCH reception
threshold (-105/-102 dBm) and its ability to be the best
server
Best
server
limits
© Forsk 2012 Slide 33 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Definition of Service Areas in GSM/GPRS/EDGE
Second Best Server
• Layers not considered
• Competition between cells whatever their layer is
• No overlapping
• Border of each cell defined by its BCCH reception
threshold (-105/-102 dBm) and its ability to be the second
best server
2
nd
best
server
limits
© Forsk 2012 Slide 34 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Definition of Service Areas in GSM/GPRS/EDGE
Best Server per HCS Layer
• One best server prediction per layer
• Competition between cells on each different layer
• Overlapping between layers is possible
• Border of each cell defined by its BCCH reception
threshold (-105/-102 dBm) and its ability to be the best
server on each layer
-105 dBm
Best server
limits on the
micro layer
-102 dBm
© Forsk 2012 Slide 35 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Definition of Service Areas in GSM/GPRS/EDGE
Second Best Server per HCS Layer
• One second best server prediction per layer
• Competition between cells on each different layer
• Overlapping between layers is possible
•Border of each cell defined by its BCCH reception
threshold (-105/-102 dBm) and its ability to be the second
best server on each layer
Only 1 server on the macro layer
and on the umbrella layer
 No second best server on these
layers
2
nd
best server
limits on the
micro layer
-102 dBm
© Forsk 2012 Slide 36 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Definition of Service Areas in GSM/GPRS/EDGE
HCS Servers
• One best server prediction per layer
• Competition between cells on each different layer
• Border of each cell defined by its BCCH reception
threshold (-105/-102 dBm), its HCS admission threshold
(-105/-90-84 dBm) and its ability to be the best server on
each layer
• Overlapping between layers is possible
-90 dBm
-84 dBm
© Forsk 2012 Slide 37 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Definition of Service Areas in GSM/GPRS/EDGE
Highest Priority HCS Server
• Competition between cells and between layers
• On each pixel, the coverage corresponds to the best
server on the highest priority layer, assuming the highest
priority is defined by the priority value (0:lowest) if the
received signal level exceeds the HCS layer threshold.
• Overlapping between layers is not possible
• Border of each cell defined by its BCCH reception
threshold (-105/-102 dBm), its HCS admission threshold
(-105/-90-84 dBm) and its ability to be the best server on
the highest priority layer
• In the case of same priority, the server with the highest
signal level difference from its layer threshold is selected.
-105 dBm
-84 dBm
-90 dBm
Zones where the
micro layer has
the highest
priority
Zones where the micro
and the macro layers
have an higher priority
than the umbrella layer
© Forsk 2012 Slide 38 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Definition of Service Areas in GSM/GPRS/EDGE
Server with the Best Idle Mode Reselection Criterion (C2)
• Layers not considered
• Competition between cells whatever their layer is
• No overlapping
• C1 = reception level - subcell reception threshold
When C1>0, C2 = C1 + cell reselection offset
• Border of each cell defined by its BCCH reception
threshold (-105/-102 dBm) and its ability to have the best
C2
Best C2
criterion
limits
© Forsk 2012 Slide 39 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Basic Quality Predictions (1/6)
Generic Dialog for all the predictions (General, Condition, Display tabs)

Available Coverage Prediction Templates
Coverage by C/I level prediction: global analysis of the network quality
Interfered areas prediction: areas where a Rx is interfered

Definition of the zone to study in the Condition Tab

Definition of the service zone of each transmitter
Server selection
• All
• Best signal level / second best signal
• Best signal level per HCS layer / second best signal level per HCS layer
• HCS servers
• Highest priority HCS server
• Best idle mode reselection criterion (C2)
Shadowing considered or not + Cell Edge Coverage Probability
Indoor coverage or not (receiver located indoor)
Subcell or user-defined reception thresholds
© Forsk 2012 Slide 40 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Basic Quality Predictions (2/6)
Interference Condition
Interference studied on a TRX type (or All)
Calculation of C/I and comparison with upper and lower thresholds
• Subcell or user-defined C/I thresholds
Optional Interference Computations
• Consideration or not of the receiver noise N (or user-defined value)
• Consideration of C/I levels satisfied by at least one TRX or the worst one
• Possibility to evaluate interference level on a specific channel
• Separated study of the contribution of co and/or adjacent channels, external sources of interferences
(e.g. UMTS network)
• Modelling of the DTX with a voice activity factor
• Consideration of the traffic load per subcell
• Detailed results
• NH : per TRX type
• BBH : per TRX type and MAL
• SFH : per TRX type and MAL-MAIO

Colouring depending on attributes
C/I level, Max C/I level, Min C/I level
Transmitter
Any transmitter attribute...
© Forsk 2012 Slide 41 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Basic Quality Predictions (3/6)
Coverage by C/I Level Prediction
Global analysis of the network quality

Filter the useful
signal
Filter C/I
values
© Forsk 2012 Slide 42 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Interference
calculation options
Coverage by C/I Level Prediction
Basic Quality Predictions (4/6)
Overlapping zones
with a lower quality
(low C/I)
© Forsk 2012 Slide 43 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Basic Quality Predictions (5/6)
Interfered Zones Prediction
Areas where a Rx is interfered
Interference
calculation options
© Forsk 2012 Slide 44 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Filter the useful
signal
Filter C/I
values
Threshold under which
interferences are
considered
Basic Quality Predictions (6/6)
Interfered Zones Prediction
© Forsk 2012 Slide 45 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Areas where the receiver is
interfered (where the C/I is lower
than the user-defined threshold)
on the HCS server areas
Circuit Service Dedicated Predictions (1/6)
Codec Configurations in Transmitters
Type of configuration containing
the possible codec modes
which can be served by the
current transmitter
© Forsk 2012 Slide 46 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Circuit Service Dedicated Predictions (2/6)
Codec Configurations in Terminals (Optional)
Type of optional configuration
containing the possible codec modes
which can be supported by the
current terminal
© Forsk 2012 Slide 47 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Circuit Service Dedicated Predictions (3/6)
Generic Dialog for all the Predictions (General, Condition, Display tabs)

Principles
Coverage by FER, BER or MOS according to the radio conditions (C/N or C/I+N) and the
possible codecs for terminals and transmitters

Definition of the Zone to study in the Condition Tab

Definition of the Service Zone of each transmitter
Server selection
• All
• Best signal level / second best signal
• Best signal level per HCS layer / second best signal level per HCS layer
• HCS servers
• Highest priority HCS server
• Best idle mode reselection criterion (C2)
Shadowing considered or not + Cell Edge Coverage Probability
Indoor coverage or not (receiver located indoor)
Subcell or user-defined reception thresholds
© Forsk 2012 Slide 48 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Circuit Service Dedicated Predictions (4/6)
Interference Condition
Consideration or not of the receiver noise N (or based on a user-defined value)
Filter on interfered TRX types (or all)
Optional interference computations
• Separated study of the contribution of co and/or adjacent channels, external sources of interferences
(e.g. UMTS network)
• Modelling of the DTX with a voice activity factor
• Consideration of the traffic load per subcell

Quality Indicator Calculation
Based on defined codecs
• Depending on radio conditions (C/N or C/I+N)
• Consideration of the receiver noise N (or user-defined value)
• Consideration of specific terminal and mobilities for compliancy with selected terminals and mobilities in
codec configuration

Colouring depending on Quality Indicators
BER, FER, MOS
Best BER, best FER, best MOS
© Forsk 2012 Slide 49 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Circuit Service Dedicated Predictions (5/6)
Circuit Quality Indicators
Type of CQI displayed
(BER, FER or MOS)
© Forsk 2012 Slide 50 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Circuit Service Dedicated Predictions (6/6)
Circuit Quality Indicators
© Forsk 2012 Slide 51 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Overlapping zones with a lower
quality and consequently where
the BER is higher
Packet Service Dedicated Predictions (1/10)
Coding Scheme Configurations in Transmitters
© Forsk 2012 Slide 52 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Type of configuration containing the
possible coding schemes which can be
served by the current transmitter
Defines the capability (or not)
of the station to support or not
packet-switched traffic
Packet Service Dedicated Predictions (2/10)
Coding Scheme Configurations in Terminals (Optional)
Max supported GPRS or
EDGE CS by the terminal
© Forsk 2012 Slide 53 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Support of voice only
(GSM) or packet switched
traffic (GPRS or
GPRS\EDGE)
Type of optional configuration containing
the possible coding schemes which can
be supported by the current terminal
Packet Service Dedicated Predictions (3/10)
Generic Dialogs (General, Condition, Display tabs)

Available Coverage Prediction Templates
GPRS/EDGE Coding Scheme
• Coding Schemes selected according to assigned Coding Scheme configuration and radio conditions

Throughput Predictions
• RLC/MAC throughput/TS: gross throughput directly obtained from Coding Schemes
• Application throughput/TS: obtained from RLC/MAC Throughput + scaling factor and offset defined per
service
• Max throughput: Application throughput/TS multiplied by the number of TS available per connection
(defined in Terminals – number of available TS + number of available carriers in case of EGPRS2 - and
in Services)
• User throughput: Max throughput reduced by the reduction factor due to user multiplexing as defined in a
selected dimensioning model

Quality Predictions
• BLER obtained from the difference between the served RLC/MAC throughput/TS and the maximum
RLC/MAC throughput/TS that the served Coding Scheme can provide.
© Forsk 2012 Slide 54 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Packet Service Dedicated Predictions (4/10)
Definition of the service zone of each transmitter
Server Selection
• All
• Best signal level / second best signal
• Best signal level per HCS layer / second best signal level per HCS layer
• HCS servers
• Highest priority HCS server
• Best idle mode reselection criterion (C2)
Shadowing considered or not + Cell Edge Coverage Probability
Indoor coverage or not (receiver located indoor)

Interference Condition
Consideration or not of the receiver noise N (or user-defined value)
Filter on interfered TRX types (or all)
Optional interference computations
• Separated study of the contribution of co and/or adjacent channels, external sources of interferences
(e.g. UMTS network)
• Modelling of the DTX with a voice activity factor
• Consideration of the traffic load per subcell
© Forsk 2012 Slide 55 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Packet Service Dedicated Predictions (5/10)
GPRS/EDGE Specific Options
Limitation to GPRS or EDGE Coding Schemes only (or both)
Min Coding Scheme between C and C/I graphs or max Coding Scheme between C/N and
C/I+N graphs
Ideal link adaptation (selection of the Coding Scheme providing the highest throughput)
Consideration of specific terminal and mobilities for compliancy with selected terminals and
mobilities in codec configuration

Possibility to colour the pixels depending on
Coding Scheme, Best Coding Scheme
Throughput per timeslot, best and average throughput per timeslot
• RLC/MAC Throughput/TS
• Application Throughput/TS

Effective Throughput per connection, best and average effective throughput per connection
• Max Throughput
• User Throughput

BLER or max BLER

© Forsk 2012 Slide 56 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Packet Service Dedicated Predictions (6/10)
GPRS/EDGE Coding Schemes
© Forsk 2012 Slide 57 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
GPRS/EDGE Coding Schemes
Packet Service Dedicated Predictions (7/10)
Overlapping zones
with a lower quality
and consequently
with a lower Coding
Scheme
High quality areas
of a purely GPRS
transmitter
 CS4
High quality areas of a
EDGE-capable
transmitter
 MCS9
© Forsk 2012 Slide 58 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
High quality areas of
a EGPRS2-capable
transmitter
 DBS11
Packet Throughput and Quality
Packet Service Dedicated Predictions (8/10)
Selection of a propagation model to extract from
it the throughput reduction factor due to user
multiplexing – Only used in User Throughputs
© Forsk 2012 Slide 59 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
RLC/MAC and Application Throughputs
Packet Service Dedicated Predictions (9/10)
© Forsk 2012 Slide 60 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Overlapping zones
with a lower quality
 Low throughput
High quality areas of a
GPRS/EDGE
transmitter
 High throughput
RLC/MAC and Application Throughputs
Packet Service Dedicated Predictions (10/10)
Application throughput
reduction compared to
RLC/MAC throughput
© Forsk 2012 Slide 61 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Point Interference Analysis (1/3)
Interference Window of Point Analysis Tool
Selection of potentially interfered transmitter
Indoor reception or not (receiver located indoor)
Filter on interfered TRX type (or all)
Filter on interferers
• Possibility to consider any combination of co-channel, adjacent channel or external interferences (e.g.
UMTS network)
Possibility to consider or not the receiver noise N
Analysis
• NH : per TRX type
• BBH : per TRX type and MAL
• SFH : per TRX type and MAL-MAIO
Std deviation type (model or C/I) + Cell Edge Coverage Probability
Reduction factor on signal and interference levels represented by partly filled bars
• Interfered reception bar: reduction due to power offset
• Interferer reception bars: reduction due to power offset, adjacent channel protection level, fractional
load, mean power control
Display on the map of interferers and related contributions to total interference
• Differentiation between co-channel and adjacent channel interferers
© Forsk 2012 Slide 62 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Point Interference Analysis (2/3)
Interference Tab in Point Analysis Window
Display of co-
channel
interference
Signal level
(C) of the
potential
victim at the
receiver
Transmitters participating in
the noise determination
Resulting C/I or C/I+N value
Studied
transmitter,
subcell and
TRX
Received noise
(I) from
surrounding co-
and adjacent
channels at the
receiver
Interference area
based on C/I
conditions
© Forsk 2012 Slide 63 of 75
Display of
adjacent channel
interference
Interference
types
Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Details Tab in Point Analysis Window
Point Interference Analysis (3/3)
Signal level and
interference level
for each received
transmitter on the
receiver location
© Forsk 2012 Slide 64 of 75
Interference area
based on C/I
conditions
Training Programme
1. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Concepts

2. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Planning Overview

3. Modelling a GSM/GPRS/EDGE Network

4. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Predictions

5. Neighbour Allocation

6. Frequency Plan Analysis
© Forsk 2012 Slide 65 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
5. Neighbour Allocation
Detailed information about Neighbour Allocation is available in Atoll_3.1.0_Neighbours.pdf
© Forsk 2012 Slide 66 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Training Programme
1. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Concepts

2. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Planning Overview

3. Modelling a GSM/GPRS/EDGE Network

4. GSM/GPRS/EDGE Predictions

5. Neighbour Allocation

6. Frequency Plan Analysis
© Forsk 2012 Slide 67 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
6. Frequency Plan Analysis
Network Consistency Checking


Find On Map Tool


Frequency Histograms
© Forsk 2012 Slide 68 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Network Consistency Checking
Tool to check the consistency of a network
Recommended after an automatic or manual allocation
Available by selecting frequency plan and audit… in the transmitters folder context menu

Consistency checking performed on
The active and filtered transmitters which belong to the transmitters folder for which the audit
was launched and to the focus zone (if existing or otherwise to the computation zone) as well
:“TBA” transmitters
The potential interferers with TBA transmitters if the option “load all interferers propagating in
the focus zone” (or in the computation zone if not defined)
The transmitters involved in the specified separation conditions with TBA transmitters
(neighbours, co-site transmitters, transmitters or subcells of exceptional pairs, neighbours of
neighbours in case of BSIC allocation)

Systematic checking
Unique BCCH TRX per transmitter, consistency TRXs/cell types, …

Additional checking on frequencies, HSNs and/or BSICs
Domains compliance, separation constraints, no empty domain, (BSIC-BCCH) checking, …
© Forsk 2012 Slide 69 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Find On Map Tool (1/4)
Tool to visualise channel and BSIC reuse on the map

Possibility to find transmitters which are assigned a given :
• Channel (of a specified type – broadcast or not)
• BCCH-BSIC pairs
• HSNs
• MAIOs
• Any combination of any resource
Possibility to generate a report listing all the transmitters that use the searched channel (co-
channel) and its adjacent channels
Possibility to generate a report listing all the transmitters that use the searched (BSIC-BCCH)
pair
Possibility to generate a report listing all the transmitters that use the searched (Channel-
HSN) pair

Way to use this tool

Create and calculate a coverage by transmitter with a colour display by transmitter

Open the Find on Map tool available in the toolbar

© Forsk 2012 Slide 70 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Find On Map Tool (2/4)
Channel Reuse on the Map
Select the “GSM Channel” option
© Forsk 2012 Slide 71 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Colours given to transmitters
• Red: co-channel transmitters
• Orange: co-channel transmitters and different subcell
• Yellow: multi-adjacent channel (-1 and +1) transmitters
• Green: adjacent channel (-1) transmitters
• Blue: adjacent channel (+1) transmitters
• Grey + Thin Line Symbol: other transmitters
Search type
Search
options
BSIC-BCCH Reuse on the Map
Select the “BSIC-BCCH Pair” option

Find On Map Tool (3/4)
© Forsk 2012 Slide 72 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Colours given to transmitters
• Red : searched transmitters
• Grey : others
Search type
Search options
(BSIC given in value
or in NCC-BCC)
Channel-HSN Reuse on the Map
Find On Map Tool (4/4)
© Forsk 2012 Slide 73 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission
Colours given to transmitters
• Red : searched transmitters
• Grey : others
Search type
Search
options
Frequency Histograms
Display of the Frequency Distribution

Available by selecting frequency plan and channel distribution… in the transmitters folder
context menu
© Forsk 2012 Slide 74 of 75 Confidential – Do not share without prior permission




THANK YOU!

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful