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Slide 1

Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
A Quick and incomplete look on
the key issues and learning points of
the course
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 2
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Key learning points: Session 1:
Introduction to logistics and supply chain
management
Content:
An introduction to the course
The evolution of logistics and
scm
Key logistics activities and
components
The grand purpose of supply
chain management
Main issues:
An overview of the course
System/flow/network thinking
in logistics and scm
Footprints of modern
logistics
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
Literature:
Hesse, Markus and Rodrigue, J ean-Paul
(2004): The transport geography of
logistics and freight distribution, J ournal of
Transport Geography, Vol. 12, pp. 171-
184.
Kopczak, L. R. and J ohnson, M. Eric
(2003): The Supply-Chain management
effect. MIT Sloan Management Review,
Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 27-34.
Bowersox, Donald (2007): SCM: The past
is prologue, in: CSCMP's Supply Chain
Quarterly, 2/2007, pp. 1-7
Some broad questions that
address the main issues:
Q What is Logistics?
Q What is SCM?
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 3
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Key learning points: Session 2: The global
context of logistics and supply chain
management
Content:
Globalization, international
trade and logistics
The logistics/scmof cross-
border product movement
The global environment of
logistics and scm
Global logistics and scm
applications
Main issues:
Steps, actors and institutions
involved in the global supply
chain process
Mapping
Purpose and Scope of
Incoterms
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
Literature:
Bowersox, D. J . and Calantone, R. J .
(1998): Global logistics. J ournal of
International Marketing, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp.
83-93.
De Koster, R. and Shinohara, M. (2006):
Supply chain culture clashes in Europe.
Pitfalls in J apanese service operations.
Supply Chain Forum: International J ournal,
Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 60-68.
Some broad questions that address the
main issues:
Q What are complications and
relevant considerations in the
global context of supply chain
management
Q What are elements of the global
environment
Case - Flowers B.V.
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 4
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Key learning points: Session 3:
Integration, collaboration and SCM
Content:
Organization, coordination
and integration issues in the
global supply chain
Intra/inter-organizational
relationships
Supply chain collaboration
methods and initiatives
Main issues:
A typical example of supply
chain coordination and
integration problems
The importance of
relationships and information
exchange
Demand distortion and the
Bullwhip effect
Essentials of a partnership
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
Literature:
Ackerman, Ken B. and Bodegraven, Art
Van (2007): Relationships for supply chain
success. Supply Chain Quarterly, Q4,
2007.
Lambert, D. M. & Knemeyer, M. A. (2004):
Were in this together. Harvard Business
Review, Dec. 2004, pp. 114-122.
Boyson, S., Corsi, T., Dresner, M. and
Harrington, L. (2004): Global Supply Chain
Management Style depends on company
size and scale. World Trade, Vol. 20,
Iss.10 pp. 32 36
Some broad questions that address the
main issues:
Q What are the typical problems that arise
in supply chains?
Q What are the causes of these
problems?
Q What coordination initiatives can be
employed in order to solve these
problems?
CASE - A pain in the (supply) chain
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 5
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Key learning points: Session 6
Production planning and design
Content:
Milestones in Operations
Management History
Basic Layout decisions
Basic production systems
esp. Lean Management
Main issues:
Changing context of
manufacturing
Logistics thinking in a
production environment
Flows and systems
Lean Management and its
principles and pillars
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
Literature:
Drucker, P. E. (1990): The emerging theory of
manufacturing. Harvard Business Review, Vol. 68 No.3,
pp.94-102.
Spear, S., Bowen, H. K. (1999): Decoding the DNA of
the Toyota production system. Harvard Business
Review, Vol. 77, No. 5.
Lee, Hau(2004): The Triple-A Supply Chain. Harvard
Business Review, Vol. 82, No. 10, pp. 102-112.
Levy, D. L. (1997): Lean Production in an International
Supply Chain. Sloan Management Review, Vol. 38, No.
2, pp. 94-102.
Some broad questions that address the main
issues:
Q What are the main ways of organizing
production?
Q What is Lean management? How is production
organized under Lean principles and pillars?
Q What are the differences - e.g. in the context -
of Taylor, Ford, Lean, and agile manufacturing?
Hands on: The ship game illustrating
operational systems
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 6
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Key learning points: Session 7 Supply
planning and design
Content:
Sourcing, Outsourcing, Offshoring
Supplier Selection
Supplier Relationships
Main issues:
Scope and general reasons for de-
velopment of outsourcing/offshoring
Models and Frameworks supporting
argumentations for/contra
outsourcing
Procurement process and its key
elements and challenges
Problem of supplier selection and
the concept of total unit costs
Different types of supplier
relationships and their development
Terminology Sourcing, Purchasing,
procurement
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
Literature:
Kraljik, P. (1983): Purchasing must
become supply management.
Harvard Business Review, Vol. 61,
No. 5, pp. 109-117.
Trent, R. & Monczka, M. (2005):
Achieving excellence in global
sourcing. MIT Sloan Management
Review, Vol. 47, No. 1, pp. 24-32.
Some broad questions that address
the main issues:
Q Why do companies outsource and go
offshore and what is the difference?
Q What are the key components of a
procurement process?
Q What criteria may be used to select
suppliers and different types of
supplier relationships?
Case: Gauging total cost: on Total
unit cost and supplier selection
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 7
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Key learning points Session 8 Logistics
planning and design: Inventory Management
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
Literature:
Abernathy, F. H., Dunlop, J . T.,
Hammond, J . H and Weil, D.
(2000): Control your inventory.
Harvard Business Review, Vol. 78,
No. 6, pp. 169-176.
Some broad questions that address
the main issues:
Q Why do we need inventories? What
types of inventory might exist along
a supply chain?
Q How much to order, when to order?
Q What are the typical approaches
that can be employed for inventory
management & control?
Mini case: ABC-Anal ysi s
GP 27.05.2014
Content:
EOQ & other inventory
management concepts
Inventory control systems and
approaches
Supply chain inventory
management
Main issues:
Role and function of inventory
(in the Supply Chain)
Trade-offs Capacity, Service
level, lead-time, inventory
Types of inventory
Major types of control systems
for inventories, EOQ, Safety
stock, Reordering tactics
ABC-Analysis, Flow Analysis
(or also XYZ) to develop
selective strategies
Slide 8
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Key learning points Session 9: Logistics planning
and design: Warehousing and materials
management
Content:
Site selection
Warehouse layout and
warehousing concepts
Capacity management, Materials
planning and control
Main issues:
Different functions embedded into
warehouses
Organization, Management and
related design of the single
warehouse: storage, picking,
transshipment etc.
Warehouse systems and the issue
of centralization and
decentralization: Criteria and
Square root law of inventory
Criteria for site selection and
positioning
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
Literature:
Arnold, David (2000): Seven rules of
International distribution. Harvard
Business Review, Vol. 78, No. 6.
Trunick, Perry A. (2005): 10 things to
consider when establishing a global
distribution network. Logistics Today,
46, 9, pp. 26-28.
Some broad questions that address
the main issues:
Q What are the typical functions and
activities in a warehouse?
Q How should warehouses be
layouted?
Q What are the main components of a
warehousing location decision?
Case: Howto setupthe logistics for
consumer direct businesses GP 27.05.2014
Slide 9
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Key learning points: Session 11: Logistics planning
and design: Transport in supply chains
Content:
Transport mode selection
Transport infrastructure
Basic transportation models
Main issues:
Interplay of Warehouse structures and
Transportation, Frequency, vehicle size
The question on the actor to integrate
transportation structures: Factory gate
pricing
Modes of Transportation, criteria for
their selection and their interrelations
Generic elements of transportation
systems
Different transport processes; TL, LTL
and the issue of network or no network
Integration of the single processes in a
transport chain and the role of the
actors
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
Literature:
Stalk, G. (2009): The threat of global
gridlock. Harvard Business Review,
J ulyAugust 2009 , pp. 126-129.
Some broad questions that address
the main issues:
Q How are warehouse structures,
transportation, frequency, etc. linked?
Q What are benefits and disadvantages
of factory gate pricing?
Q What are criteria to select a mode of
transportation?
Q What are elements of a transportation
system?
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 10
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Key learning points: Session 12
Supply chain risk management
Content:
Risk, vulnerability, robustness,
resilience
Sources of uncertainty & risk
Different types & levels of risk
management
Challenges to global supply chain
operations
Main issues:
Understanding the essence of supply
chain risk; Defining risk
Understanding sources, causes of
risk and related attitudes
Decomposing and classifying supply
chain risk
Mitigating risk at different supply
chain levels
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
Literature:
Crone, M. (2006): Are global
supply chains too risky? Supply
Chain Management Review, Vol.
10, No. 4, pp. 28-35.
Some broad questions that
address the main issues:
Q What is risk, and why is it
important for organisations
to manage risks?
Q What poses risk for the
global supply chain and how
can this risk be managed
Case: Sony Ericsson and
Nokia
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 11
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Key learning points: Session 13 Supply
chain strategies and configurations
Content:
SCM and the strategy hierarchy
Supply chain design
considerations
Supply chain strategic levers &
decision-making components
Main issues:
The relationship between (firm)
strategy & design and SCM
The content of supply chain
strategies
SCM-oriented strategic
positions
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
Literature:
Fisher, M. (1997): What is the
Right Supply Chain for Your
Product? Harvard Business
Review, Vol. 75, No.2, pp. 105-
116.
Some broad questions that
address the main issues:
Q What is a supply chain
strategy, and what is the
content of such a strategy?
Q What are the typical
strategies and configurations
that may be employed for
the design and management
of supply chains?
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 12
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Contemporary Issues
in Logistics and Supply Chain
Management
Gnter Prockl
Department of Operations Management
Copenhagen Business School
ContemporaryIssues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 13
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
FIRST: LOOKING BACK
WHAT ARE THE DRIVERS
OF GLOBALIZATION AND
INTERNATIONAL
LOGISTICS?
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 14
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Slide 14
Gnter Prockl
HAI - GSCM
Kenichi Ohno: Post-industrial period
(from late 1980s) is one in which
arteries of the economy are
cleansed of sclerotic nation states,
and capital flows freely and
unconstrained.
Focus on Management of the
Capital flows?
Reaskingall activities with
respect to their value
contribution
Concentrationon Core-
Competencies; Outsourcing of
Non-Core Competencies
=>Do the physical
flows follow that easy
Contemporary Issues in SCM
Global competition for capital
- The financial bottom line
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 15
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Global Resources
Footloose Industries and the Goose Flight
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Competitive
Edge
time
What is produced by Japan ?
Textiles Chemicals Iron/Steel Autos Electronics
Quelle: Kwan, Chi; NRI Spring 97, S. 58 ff.
Slide 16
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Global Resources
Footloose Industries and the Goose Flight
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Competitive
Edge
time
Who produces garments in Asia?
Japan Taiwan ASEAN China Vietnam India the stans ...
Quelle: Kwan, Chi; NRI Spring 97, S. 58 ff.
Slide 17
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Slide 17
Gnter Prockl
HAI - GSCM
The global village Internet
E.g. International Standards: GCI replaces
country initiatives
With dissolution of (emotional) links to local
Craftmans, Industries, or Retailers: e.g.
Buying cars in the web
Global sourcing of technology and Know-
how (e.g. Programmers from India; Call
Centers in Ireland)
Dissolution of industry borders
Birthday card playing Happy Birthday
contains more computer power than that
available in 1950 all over the world
Average new cars contain more Computer
and electronic circuits than steel
Fashion vs. Textile industry
Contemporary Issues in SCM
Intensified by new Technologies, especially
ICT and new rules of competition
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 18
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Serving global Markets With globalized
networks
Economies of Scale don`t stop at borders
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
National Formulation, Packaging
global
primaryproduction
national Distributioncenters
Local Markets
(whole salers, pharmacies, hospitals)
focussed
"Europlants"
global
primaryproduction
National Distributioncenters
focussed
"Europlants"
global
primaryproduction
Regional Districenter
Euro-Districenter
1. step: Rationalization
2. step: " High -level service logistics
now tomorrow
Used to be
Local Markets
(whole salers, pharmacies, hospitals)
Local Markets
(whole salers, pharmacies, hospitals)
Slide 19
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
And in transportation?
E.G. Container transport from
Prague to Hong Kong
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Land transport
Prague to Hamburg
650 km 4% of distance
Sea transport
Hamburg to Hong Kong
18,500 km 96 % of distance
What are the
cost proportions?
Slide 20
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
THEN:
WHAT ARE THEN
CHALLENGES
OF GLOBALIZATION AND
INTERNATIONAL
LOGISTICS?
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 21
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Logistics is driven by the economy
Increasing globalisation has
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
LCD-Bildschirm
Tastatur
Drives
Main storage
Asembly
Plastics,
Bodies
Selling
Software
consequences on Logistics
and Supply Chain Management
More intense division of labor
(dislocation) and growing
distances for transportation
New barriers on Communication:
Language Cultures, Technology
Global competition for Logistics
Service Providers
Different kinds of control; new
competencies necessary
Complexity
Slide 22
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Slide 22
Gnter Prockl
HAI - GSCM
On Demand Business
Shorter Product- und Technology-Life-
cycles
Time-based Competition: Inditex-Zara
Quick response; On-shelf availability but no
stocks?
Individual, customized Products
=>In combination with pace
atomized order structures
E.g.: just-in-time, just in sequence
New challenges regarding bundling and
economies of scale
E.g. Effects on the mode of
transportation air freight boom before
financial crisis
Contemporary Issues in SCM
On Demand Business and
Individualization
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 23
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Longer Chains raise new questions
and create new challenges
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Disposal or Closed Loop?
Re-Use
Remanufacturing
Refurbish
Recycling
Means:
Longer supplychains
New competencies
necessary
New actors?
New products?
New Product lines?
New markets?
More complexity?
Slide 24
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
e.g. Transportation Capacity
Potential and Burden?
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
POTENTIAL to Supply and thus
fulfill Customers Demand
e.g. measured in output
units/time
But only potential
Slide 25
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Also Challenges: Logistics driven by the
economy e.g the container boom
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 26
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Slide 26
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Crisis? Lets reask some basic
assumptions
GP 27.05.2014
Contemporary Issues in SCM
Slide 27
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
NOW A CLOSER LOOK ON
THE ENVIRONMENT ISSUE:
REVERSE LOGISTICS,
SUSTAINABILITY, THE
CLAIM FOR DECOUPLING,
ETC.
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 28
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Transportation, e.g. Road
and Gross Domestic Products
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Ro ad Fr e i g h t In t e n s i t y an d We al t h
1970 t o 2000
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 35000
G DP p er c ap i t a
(in 1995 US $ P P P )
t
k
m

p
e
r

c
a
p
i
t
a
US r o ad f r e i g h t EU r o ad f r e i g h t J ap an r o ad f r e i g h t
Slide 29
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Slide 29
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Decoupling of economic growth and
traffic not really working
GP 27.05.2014
Contemporary Issues in SCM
GDP Europe
GDP
Germany
Russia +
Bln. ton-km
Slide 30
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Logistics is driver itself shrinking the
world but it is also seen increasingly as
polluter of the world
SCM - State of the Art
and Sustainability
Best average speedof horse
drawncoaches andsailingships:
10 mph
Steamlocomotives average65
mph
Steamships average36 mph
Propeller planes average 400 mph
J ets fly 500 to 700
mph
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 31
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Slide 31
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Again: What mode of transportation to choose?
E.g most friendly to the environment?
Why?
GP 27.05.2014
Contemporary Issues in SCM
CO2-Emissions compared for different
modes of transportation:
Source : NTM (Swedish Network
for Transport and the
Environment);
J enisch (2008)
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
CO
2
g / tkm
50-110
8-20
540
Slide 32
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
but have also a look on absolute
numbers of emissions caused by
shipping
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
CO
2
800 -
1.000
873,0 Mio t. Mio t. 1 : 1 3-5 %
SO
2
9 0,56 Mio t. Mio t. 15 : 1 5-10 %
NO
x
16 1,4 Mio t. Mio t. 11 : 1 7-13 %
Reference Year 2005; Source: Bundesverkehrsministerium (2005)
Slide 33
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
and some effects of that
Slide 34
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
and some more effects of that
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 35
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Black and white of course however at the
core of the problem: a divide between
economy, environment and society??
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Rees, Bulletin of Science, Technology and
Society, 22 (2002)4: 249-268
Slide 36
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Slide 36
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
The Claim: The triple bottom line
GP 27.05.2014
Contemporary Issues in SCM
Core Idea TBL:
Extend the financial bottom line by additional
social and environmental bottom lines
TBL express ultimate worth of companies in
financial-social-environmental terms together
Sustainability (TBL) pays in the long run
Fashionable and well embraced for use in the
corporate world
Question: Rhetoric, Metaphor or scientific
grounded??
Question on the applicability to guide corporate
management
Measurable terms?
Do Measures aggregate to a bottom line like
cost and revenues?
Slide 37
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
E.g. inclusion of the return flows into
the Supply Chain
Disposal or Closed Loop?
Re-Use
Remanufacturing
Refurbish
Recycling
Means:
Longer supplychains
New competencies
necessary
New actors?
New products?
New Product lines?
New markets?
More complexity?
Slide 38
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Example: Environmental accounting
comparing milk-bottles and tetra paks
Environmental accounting for fresh milk packages
Energy consumption
(total)
Energy consumption
(non renewable)
Acidification
Solid waste
Hazardous waste
Minerals
Water consumption
Effect on the
Environment
Greenhouse effect
Eutrophication
Carton (Pack) in %
WORSE than reusables
Carton (Pack) in %
BETTER than reusables
Input
Raw
materials
Energy
Output
Waste, Air
emissions,
Water
pollution
Packaging materials
Packagi ng producti on
Filling
Retail
Recycling
Disposal
Slide 39
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Slide 39
Gnter Prockl
HAI - GSCM
Accounting (only) of environmental aspects
of a company, plant location, product, or
process
Flows of materials and energy along the
product life line (cradle-2-grave)
Emissions of green house gases and
their equivalents (CO2-Equivalents) ->
Carbon Footprint
Energy demanded
Needed Resources and Spaces
With respect to their effects on the
environment
Provides no decisions, but could support
Standardized methods (ISO 14'040) with
quantitative results
Contemporary Issues in SCM
Environmental Accounting
GP 27.05.2014
Input
Raw
materials
Energy
Output
Waste, Air
emissions,
Water
pollution
Packaging materials
Packagi ng producti on
Filling
Retail
Recycling
Disposal
Life-Cycle-View
Slide 40
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Slide 40
Gnter Prockl
HAI - GSCM
Emission trading
Contemporary Issues in SCM
And then , Declarations and Labels
Offsetting and Trading
GP 27.05.2014
Plant 1:
Right to emit: 100 t
CO2 blow out: 120 t
Plant 2:
Right to emit: 100 t
CO2 blow out: 90 t
Alternative 1:
save CO2
Alternative 2:
Buy certificate
Saving of 10 t Co2
Buy 10 t Certificate
Sell
10 t
Certificate
Communication
To the market
By Labels and Self declarations
Carbon Offsetting
Compensation of accounted
greenhouse gases and its
equivalents (CO2-Equivalents)
Investments into projects, intended
to reduce greenhouse gases
Z.B. myclimate.lu
Emission trading
Financial Instrument representing a
reduction in greenhouse gas
emissions
Obligatory and voluntary market
Air traffic included from 2012
Slide 41
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
SCM - State of the Art
and Sustainability
2012-09-27
The Food mile Wars
CO2 per ton
in kg
Comparing
UK
New
Zealand
Includes transport
by deep-sea container
17840 km
CO2: 125kg per ton
What do you think??
Any buts??
Slide 42
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
What could be done
e.g. in Shipping
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Slide 43
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
What could be done?
Better Technology
One example
A newand old technology exploiting wind
power
The SkySails-System consists of
three simple main components
A towing kite with rope
a launch and recovery system
control system for automatic operation.
By means of dynamic flight
maneuvers , e.g. the figure of "8",
two to three times more power
per square meter sail area than
conventional sails.
Slide 44
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Profitability depends on Fuel Price and
Wind on served routes
Power of main engine 2.000 kW 2.000 kW 6.800 kW
Used Fuel type IFO380 MGO IFO380
400 /t 800 /t 400 /t
Served Route
Rotterdam
- Marseille
Rotterdam
- Reykjavi k
Northern pacific
Fuel savings 1.5 % 29 % 18 %
Annual net savings 25.000 283.000 298.040
Acquisitioncost -805.000 -805.000 -1.165.000
Payback period 32,2 Y 2,8 Y 3,9 Y
Vessel type Container Feeder Tanker
Source: www.skysails.info
Slide 45
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
What could be done? Combining
Economy and Ecology by reducing
speed!? One Example but!?
Container vessel with 60.000 kW:
Fuel Consumption
v
1
=25 kn v
2
=22 kn
51.840 t / Y
Cost Savings:
1 t HFO 400
1

20,7 Mio. / Y
35.328 35.328
- 32
14,1 Mio. 6,6 Mio.
%
1 Ton of fuel
t / Y
/ Y
t / Y
/ Y
2905 kg CO
2
150.595 t / Y 102.626 47.969 t / Y t / Y
43 kg SO
2
2.229 t / Y 1.519 710 t / Y t / Y
76 kg NO
x
3.961 t / Y 2.699 1.262 t / Y t / Y
Slide 46
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014
Who is in charge of
Sustainable Supply Chain Management?
- Some OPEN questions
The BIG HAIRY
Questions:
Who controls what part
of the system?
What is the numeraire
to measure success of
management action?
Who gains the
benefits?
Who burdens the
costs?
And how much are the
costs for what cost
categories?
Slide 47
Gnter Prockl
HAI GSCM
FINALLY SOME
FEEDBACK REQUIRED
Contemporary Issues in
SCM
GP 27.05.2014