24.5.

1994
TU 21236.01
II
Page I (I)
Operating Handbook
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
MKA 6.6.94 ML 26.5.94 H. Vuori/mlt
Prepared by Checked Approved Number
NTC/TS
(DM2EM-2025-PEA1)
C33235001PE_00
TU 21236.01
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P, 8 channels
Operating Handbook
Version A0
(ND 02J176)
C33235.20
Contents
1 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION DM2EM-2026-SEA1
2 INSTALLATION DM2EM-2027-SEA1
3 OPERATION DM2EM-2028-SEA1
4 OPERATION WITH SERVICE
TERMINAL
Program TS 25360.01, version 01A DM2EM-2029-SEA1
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 1
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
H Vuori/mlt
Prepared by Checked Approved Number
NTC/TS
DM2EM-2026-SEA1
TU 21236.01
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P, 8 channels
Functional Description
Contents
Page
1 UNIT DESCRIPTION 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1 General 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2 Features 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1 Channel Block 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.1 Speech Channel 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.2 Signalling 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2 Control Block 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3 Power Supply 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 ADJUSTMENTS AND SETTINGS 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 ALARMS 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1 Four-wire Voice Frequency Interface 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2 Two-wire Voice Frequency Interface 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3 E&M Interface 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4 Power Supply 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5 Dimensions 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6 DEFINITIONS 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1 Transmission Directions and Levels 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2 Impedances 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.3 Terminal Balance Return Loss 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.4 E&M Signalling 15 (15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 2
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 3
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
1 UNIT DESCRIPTION
1.1 General
E&M/VF-P Channel Unit is a member of the DYNACARDequipment
family. Theunit includes 8VF-channels andtwo(three) E&Msignalling
channels for eachVF-channel. It is usedtoconnect upto30channels toa
2 Mbit/s bus. The channel-associated signalling is transferred in time
slot TS16. The multiplex equipment consists of the channel units
described in this document and a common MUXunit. The block diagram
of the DM 2 multiplex equipment is shown in Figure 1.
This document covers the following units and corresponding programs:
h Channel Unit E&M/VF-P, 8 channels
(TU 21236.01, Program TS 25360.01)
The unit includes 8 VF-channels and2 (3) E&Msignalling channels
for each VF-channel.
1.2 Features
The general features of the unit include:
h Two-wire or four-wire voice frequency interface
h Two E&M DC signalling channel interfaces for each VF-channel
h An additional E or M signalling interface, which can be used for
one-way signalling channel or for controlling the 2/4-wire switch
h 2 Mbit/s bus interface for establishing a connectiontoDM2, DB2, or
DN 2 equipment
The channel unit is fully programmable. The following characteristics can
be set separately for each channel or simultaneously for all channels via
the service interface:
h Channel use
h Channel time slot allocation 1 - 15 and 17 - 31
h Two-wire or four-wire VF-interface
h Level setting separately for two-wire and four-wire interfaces
h Signalling logic
h Balance impedance
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 4
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
CHANNEL
UNIT
N
MUX
UNIT
2M
64K
SYN
MEAS
MI
DI
A
USER
INTERFACE
VF + SIG
N = 4
.
2M
64k
SYN
MEAS
MI
DI
A
VF
SIG
DATA
2048 kbit/s equipment interface, HDB3
64 kbit/s data interface, codirectional or contradirectional
2048 kHz synchronization interface
Measurement interface
Service interface
Data channel interface
Alarm interface
Voice frequency
Signalling
Data
CHANNEL
UNIT
1
DM 2 BUS
.
DM4388EA1
-Rack alarms A, B, and D
-Programmable outgoing alarms PA1, PA2
-Programmable incoming alarmPAI
Figure 1 DM 2 multiplex equipment
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 5
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
2 FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS
The channel unit consists of eight identical channel blocks, a control
block anda unit specific power supply. The block diagrams of the channel
units are shown in Figure 2.
TU 21236.01

ROM
m P
RAM
ALARM
CODEC
A/D
D/A
LATCH
CONTROL
HYBAL
PB1
P2
DM4396EA2
GATE REG
CIRCUIT
2W/
4W
VF HYBRID
ADC
P1
Pa2
Pb2
Pa1
Pb1
M
E
E/M
E1
E2
M1
M2
EM3
CONTROL
POWER
DC
DC
CHANNEL 1
CHANNELS 2 - 4
CHANNELS 5 - 8
INTERNAL
BUS +5V
-5V
-12V
ARRAY
MICRO
PROCESSOR
DYNA-
CARD
BUS
SIG. BUS
Figure 2 TU 21236.01 block diagram
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 6
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
2.1 Channel Block
The channel block provides a voice frequency and signalling interface
between the analog signalling equipment and the DYNACARD-bus.
2.1.1 Speech Channel
The analog interface is either a two-wire interface from connector Pa1/
Pb1 or a four-wire interface with the output direction connected to pins
Pa2/Pb2 and the input direction to pins Pa1/Pb1. The connection is
selected by means of a software controlled switch.
The analog interface is connected to a VF-hybrid via isolation transĆ
formers. The hybridincludes impedancematchingcircuitry andtheselecĆ
tion switches for two-wire or four-wire connection. The transient voltĆ
age suppression of the interface is sufficient for indoor installations.
The CODEC (enCOder-DECoder) circuit performs the A/D and D/A
conversions betweenthe voice frequency andPCMsignals. Controlledby
the microprocessor of the control block, the CODEC circuit can confiĆ
gurethe level settings andthe two-wire balance impedance for the chanĆ
nel.
Each separate channel of the unit can be set into use or out of use. All
channel settings are retained when the channels are out of use.
2.1.2 Signalling
There are two E and M signalling channels for each speech channel.
The M-wire signalling receiver is a ground detector. The output of the
circuit is connected to the sensing circuits of the control block.
The E-wire signalling transmitter is a ground switch. The control of the
circuit is passed from the control block through the internal bus and a
latch in the Codec circuit.
A third one-way signalling channel is also available. It can be set into E
or M state.
Alternatively, the third signalling bit can be used to set the analog interĆ
face either into two-wire or four-wire state by an external signal (MsigĆ
nal). The selection is done via the service interface.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 7
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
2.2 Control Block
The control block controls the unit's internal functions. It communicates
through the DYNACARD-bus with the bus master unit (DYNAĆ
CARD-MUX) which is connected to the PCM channel and to the serĆ
vice interface (e.g. Service Terminal).
Commands fromthe bus master and the service interface are interpreted
by the unit's processor and used to configure and control the channel cirĆ
cuits.
The control block performs the following functions:
h Configuration of channel circuits for time slot allocation, 2/4-wire
interface mode, balance impedance and level settings, etc.
h Processing of incoming and outgoing time slot TS16 signalling
information.
h Monitoring of alarm conditions, such as power supply failure, chanĆ
nel blocking etc, and indication of alarms using the service LEDs.
The control circuits are run by software contained in a replaceable Read
Only Memory (ROM) circuit.
2.3 Power Supply
The channel unit is equipped with a unit-specific power supply. The
switching mode power supply generates the +5 V and -5 V voltages
requiredby theunit as well as the-12Vvoltagefor theMsignalling, from
the central battery voltage (-20...-72 V).
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 8
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
3 ADJUSTMENTS AND SETTINGS
All adjustments required when commissioning the equipment are perĆ
formed through the service interface.
The following parameters are set for each channel or alternatively for all
channels of the unit:
h Time slot (or the time slot of the first channel)
h Channel use
h Levels of transmitted and received speech signals
h Signalling logic
h For two-wire connection, the settings of the balance impedance
For details see sections Installation, Operation and Operation with Service
Terminal.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 9
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
4 ALARMS
Table 1 shows unit specific faults, the corresponding rack alarm, and the
state of the service LEDs.
Fault code Fault Rack alarm LED
(HEX)
00 Fault in power supply A red
80 Fault in equipment A red
95 Forced indication B red/yel./green
94 Equipment reset A red
Table 1 Unit faults
Table 2 shows the channel faults, the corresponding rack alarm, and the
state of the service LEDs.
Fault code Fault Rack alarm LED
(HEX)
4A AIS TS16 B
1)
yel.
16 Loop to equipment B
1)
yel.
14 Blocked from use A yel.
1)
= Default setting, fault consequences are software selectable
Table 2 Channel specific faults
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 10
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
5 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Recommendations: ITU-T (CCITT) G.712
G.713
G.714
G.715
5.1 Four-wire Voice Frequency Interface
Maximum levels:
h Input of transmit direction +3.5 dBm
h Output of receive direction +7.5 dBm
Relative levels:
h Input of transmit direction -11.0...+9.5 dBr
h Output of receive direction -12.0...+7.5 dBr
h Level setting steps 0.5 dB
Level calibration step 0.1 dB
Nominal impedance 600 ohm
Return loss > 20 dB
5.2 Two-wire Voice Frequency Interface
Relative levels:
h Input of transmit direction -13.0...+7.0 dBr
h Output of receive direction -15.0...+7.5 dBr
h Level setting steps 0.5 dB
Level calibration steps 0.1 dB
Nominal impedance 600 ohm
Return loss > 20 dB
Terminal line impedance (Balance impedance):
h 600 W or
h 900 W or
h 390 W + (620 W // 100 nF) or
h 270 W + (1200 W // 120 nF) or
h 370 W + (620 W // 310 nF) or
h 600 W + (620 W // 35 nF) or
h 220 W + (820 W // 115 nF) or
h 600 W + 0.5 uF or
h user determined
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 11
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
Terminal balance return loss
h 300...500 Hz > 16 dB
h 500...2500 Hz > 20 dB
h 2500...3400 Hz > 16 dB
5.3 E&M Interface
E-wire output
Semiconductor switch to earth:
h Load supply voltage -80 V max.
h Load current 70 mA max.
h Current restriction 100 mA
M-wire input
Ground detector against internal -12 V:
h Input current 2...3.5 mA
h Cable resistance 300 ohm max.
h Earth potential difference ±3 V max.
Signalling distortion end to end
(M-interface to E-interface):
h Typical value < ±2.5 ms
h Occasional peaks < ±4 ms
(on 0.05...0.1 % of pulses)
5.4 Power Supply
Built-in DC/DC converter:
h Input voltage -20...-72 V
h Operating voltages +5 V and -5 V
h Signalling voltage -12 V
h Current consumption on 48 V feed
h TU 21236.01
h Idle 60 mA
h Peak 110 mA
5.5 Dimensions
h Height 233 mm
h Width 25 mm
h Depth 160 mm
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 12
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
6 DEFINITIONS
6.1 Transmission Directions and Levels
The transmission directions are expressed in respect to the analog interĆ
face of the equipment.
Transmit direction (Tx) = Voice frequency (VF) to 2 Mbit/s
= Analog to Digital (A-D) direction
Receive direction (Rx) = 2 Mbit/s to VF
= Digital to Analog (D-A) direction
CHANNEL N
TX
RX
ANALOG DIGITAL
CHANNEL N
TX
RX
ANALOG DIGITAL
Level setting = -1.0
-1.0 dBr
Level setting = -4.0
-4.0 dBr
0 dBr
0 dBr
Two-wire mode
Four-wire mode
VF input and output 2 Mbit/s output
2 Mbit/s input
VF input
VF output
2 Mbit/s output
2 Mbit/s input
DM4408EA1
Figure 3 Transmit directions and levels
Transmit level setting sets the nominal level of the VF input signal to the
given value.
Receive level setting sets the nominal level of the VF output signal to the
given value.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 13
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
6.2 Impedances
CHANNEL N
TX
RX
ANALOG DIGITAL
Zn
Zl
Zb
VF input and output
DM4409EA1
2 Mbit/s output
2 Mbit/s input
Figure 4 Impedances
Nominal impedance (Zn)
The impedance seen from the incoming VF line towards the equipment.
Terminating line impedance (Zl)
The impedance seen from the equipment towards the VF transmit line.
Balance impedance (Zb)
The internal balance impedance of the 2/4-wire hybrid.
The balance impedance should equal the line impedance to compensate
for the echoing signal from 2 Mbit/s input to 2 Mbit/s output.
In an active 2/4-wire hybrid, the physical balance impedance is repreĆ
sentedby a programmable circuit. This circuit allows the selection of suitĆ
able impedance for different types of lines.
A difference between the desired nominal impedance value and the
actual (measured) impedance can be expressed as a Return Loss, Ar.
Zn + Zd
Zn - Zd
Ar = 20 log
where
Zd = desired nominal impedance
Zn = actual impedance, measured at the port
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 14
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
6.3 Terminal Balance Return Loss
CHANNEL N
TX
RX
ANALOG DIGITAL
NLi
NLo
Zb
HLL
VF input and output
DM4410EA1
2 Mbit/s output
2 Mbit/s input
Figure 5 Terminal Balance Return Loss
Terminal Balance Return Loss (TBRL) is the specified loss between
transmission directions on the digital side. It can be measured at the
2 Mbit/s interface. The nominal level settings must be considered in the
result:
TBRL = aio - (NLi - NLo)
where:
aio = measured loss from 2 Mbit/s input to 2 Mbit/s output
= Half-Loop Loss (HLL)
NLi = nominal VF input level
NLo = nominal VF output level
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/1
Page 15
Functional Description
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
6.4 E&M Signalling
DM4411EA1
-Un
Transistor
switch
E
M
-Ub
2 Mbit/s
Transistor
switch
E
M
-Ub
Station A Station B
2 Mbit/s
-Un
E
M
M
E
DM 2/E&M DM 2/E&M
Signalling
equipment
equipment
Signalling
MUX MUX
Detector
Detector
Figure 6 E&M signalling
An earth at the M-wire input of the DM 2/E&M equipment causes an
earth connection at the E-wire output of the DM 2/E&M equipment in
the far end when noninverted signalling is used.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 1
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
Prepared by Checked Approved Number
NTC/TS
DM2EM-2027-SEA1
TU 21236.01
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P, 8 channels
Installation
Contents
Page
1 INTRODUCTION 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 POWER SUPPLY AND MECHANICAL INSTALLATION 4 . . . .
2.1 General 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2 Power Supply Requirements 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3 Rack Setups 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 CABLING 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1 Cabling Example 8 (12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 2
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 3
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
1 INTRODUCTION
This document describes the hardware requirements and installation
procedures for the unit. When the hardware has been successfully
installed, the software may be configured according to the instructions
given in the Operation section of this handbook. The section Operation
with Service Terminal may also be of use when configuring and maintainĆ
ing the software.
The unit is an unencased component board whose height is 6 Uand width
5 T. The unit canbe installedinany TM4 cartridgewithaDYNACARD-
MUX unit. The same cartridge can also house other kinds of channel
units, and the units can be installed in any unit locations.
The equipment is ready to operate when it has been installed into a carĆ
tridge and the signal cables have been connected. All settings are perĆ
formed by the Service Terminal; no strappings are required.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 4
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
2 POWER SUPPLY AND MECHANICAL INSTALLATION
2.1 General
The unit can be installed into any TM4 cartridge system, or 19"rack/subĆ
rack, inany unit location. The physical dimensions of the unit are 6 Uhigh
by 5 T wide.
This document covers the following units:
h Channel Unit E&M/VF-P, 8 channels (TU 21236.01)
The unit includes 8 VF-channels and2 (3) E&Msignalling channels
for each VF-channel.
Anormal DM2primary multiplexer setupwouldcontainaMUXunit and
4 E&Mchannel units TU21236.01. Other kinds of channel units may also
be used in the same setup as the E&Munit. If different channel units with
different signalling systems are used in the same equipment setup, their
power supply and groundings should be carefully checked.
Standard anti-static precautions (such as a wrist strap earthed to the
rack) should be taken when handling the unit, as it contains components
which may be damaged by static discharge.
Power supplyconfigurationshouldbecarriedout andcheckedthoroughly
before units are installed into a rack. It is possible to cause damage to the
unit if the setup is not correctly configured.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 5
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
2.2 Power Supply Requirements
The unit requires battery voltage, and auxiliary +5 V supplies from the
rack, which are delivered to the unit via the back connector, PB1 (see FigĆ
ure 1). These supplies are delivered to the rack by the rack power adaptor
unit (Power Interface Adaptor, PIA, or Power Supply Adaptor, PSA,
depending on the rack type).
Abuilt-inDC/DCconverter generates theunit's internal supply voltages
from the battery voltage (VPB/VNB). The battery voltage may be in the
range of -20...-72 V and can be floating with respect to ground.
The auxiliary +5 V supply (VAP5) is used for providing an alarm signal
uponinternal power supply failure in the unit. This supply is generated in
the PIA/PSA unit.
Ground for the unit is connected to the rack (via the back connector).
Another external +5 V supply (VP5) from the motherboard is also used
by the unit. This voltage is generated in the MUX unit, and is used for
driving bus interface circuitry.
The unit also enables the supervision and measurement of the criterion
voltage (B1). This feature can be used for battery voltage control. OtherĆ
wise the B1 voltage does not need to be connected. Note that the battery
voltage control is not available when a floating power supply is used.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 6
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
a1
c
a2
a3
a4
a5
a6
a7
a8
a9
a10
a11
a12
a13
Back connector PB1
Voltage Use
a17
a20
a24
a25
a26
a27
a28
MP5V
MN5V
For testing
For testing
a14
a15
a16
VAP5
GND
External aux. voltage +5 V
Ground
a21
a22
a23
VNB
VPB
Battery voltage, neg.
Battery voltage, pos.
a29
a30
a31
a32
a18
a19
MN16 V For testing
a
DM4391EA1
VP5 +5 V from MUX
(B1) Criterion voltage
Figure 1 Back connector P1B
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 7
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
2.3 Rack Setups
Figure 2 shows a typical cartridge into which a DM 2 multiplexer may be
installed. Various cartridges are available, depending upon the mechanĆ
ical rack systemused for the installation. Typically a TM4 rack (including
the 12" rack unit) may have cartridges with 2, 4, or 8 unit locations on a
commonmotherboard; and a 19" subrack cartridge will have 16 unit locaĆ
tions on its motherboard (which may be subdivided into up to 4 sections).
Refer to the relevant rack or cartridge manual for more details.
MUX

NOKIA
Rack
40 T
cartridge
DM4392EA1
LOCATION UNIT CHANNELS
1
2
3
4
MUX unit
Channel unit 1
Channel unit 2
Channel unit 3
1...8
9...16
17...24
1 2 3 4
P1 P1 P1
P2 P2 P2
P1
P3
5
5 Channel unit 4 25...30
P1
P2
Figure 2 DM 2 equipping example
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 8
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
3 CABLING
The speech and signalling channels are cabled to the connectors on the
front edge of the unit, see Figure 3 and Figure 4.
Suitable cable types are:
MMHS 8 x 4 x 0.4 + 0.4 2 pieces/8 channels
MMHS 16 x 4 x 0.4 + 4 x 0.4 4 pieces/30 channels
Connector:
16 + 32 -pin Euroconnectors 2 pieces/unit
The transient voltage suppression of the channels is sufficient for indoor
installations. When connected to an outdoor cable, a primary protection
device must be used.
3.1 Cabling Example
Acabling example of TU21236.01 is shown in Table 1 and Table 2. Two 16
x 4 cables are usedfor speechandtwofor E&Msignals. The channel units
are installed in unit locations 2 to 5.
The voice frequency four-wire inputs are connected into c- and d-
wires and the outputs into a- and b- wires of the cable (Table 1).
The E1-signalling is connected into b-wire, E2 into a-wire, M1 into
d-wire, and M2 into c-wire of the cable (Table 2). The cabling principle
is shown in Figure 4.
NOTE
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 9
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
DM0184EA1
32a
31a
30a
29a
28a
27a
26a
25a
24a
23a
22a
21a
14a
13a
12a
11a
10a
9a
8a
7a
6a
5a
4a
3a
2a
1a
32c
31c
30c
29c
28c
27c
26c
25c
24c
23c
22c
21c
14c
13c
12c
11c
10c
9c
8c
7c
6c
5c
4c
3c
2c
1c
Red
Yellow
Green
P2
P1
a c
a c
E1_1
Pb2_1
Pa1_1 Pb1_1
Pa2_3
E1_4 M1__4
Pa2_4 Pb2_4
Pa2_1
M_1
E1_2
Pa2_2
Pa1_2
Pb2_2
Pb1_2
E1_3
Pa1_3
M1_3
Pb2_3
Pb1_3
20a
19a
18a
17a
16a
15a
20c
19c
18c
17c
16c
15c
Pa1_4 Pb1_4
32a
31a
30a
29a
28a
27a
26a
25a
24a
23a
22a
21a
14a
13a
12a
11a
10a
9a
8a
7a
6a
5a
4a
3a
2a
1a
32c
31c
30c
29c
28c
27c
26c
25c
24c
23c
22c
21c
14c
13c
12c
11c
10c
9c
8c
7c
6c
5c
4c
3c
2c
1c
E1_5
Pb2_5
Pa1_5 Pb1_5
Pa2_7
E1_8 M1_8
Pa2_8 Pb2_8
Pa2_5
M1_5
E1_6
Pa2_6
Pa1_6
Pb2_6
Pb1_6
Pa1_7
M1_7
Pb2_7
Pb1_7
20a
19a
18a
17a
16a
15a
20c
19c
18c
17c
16c
15c
Pa1_8 Pb1_8
M1_6
Channel 1
Channel 2
Channel 3
Channel 4
Channel 5
Channel 6
Channel 7
Channel 8
E2_1
M2_1
E2_2
M2_2
M1_2
EM3_1
EM3_2
EM3_4
EM3_3
E2_3
M2_3
E2_4
M2_4
E2_5
M2_5
E2_6
M2_6
EM3_5
EM3_6 EM3_8
EM3_6
E2_7
E1_7
M2_7
E2_8
M2_8
EM3_7

GND GND
GND GND
E&M signalling wires:
Ex_n = Signalling bit x (1 or 2) of channel n
E-wire (PCM receive direction)
Mx_n = Signalling bit x (1 or 2) of channel n
M-wire (PCM transmit direction)
EM3_n = Signalling bit 3 of channel n
E or M wire
Speech wires:
Pa1_n and Pb1_n =
4-wire connection
PCM receive direction, or
2-wire connection,
channel n
Pa2_n and Pb2_n =
4-wire connection,
channel n,
PCM transmit direction
n = 1...8
Figure 3 Front connectors of Channel Unit TU 21236.01
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 10
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
DM0185EA1
1 2 3 4
MUX E&M E&M E&M
P1
P2 P2 P2
P1 P1
Branching is done on
the horizontal section
of the wire above the
cartridge
Branching is done on
the horizontal section
of the wire below the
cartridge
Cable 1 Cable 3
Cable 2
Cable 4
E&M
P1
P2
P1
P2

5
Figure 4 Unit and connector numbers, cable branching
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 11
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
DM0186EA1
a29 c29 a27 c27
a23 c23 a21 c21
a11 c11 a09 c09
a05 c05 a03 c03
a29 c29 a27 c27
speech
speech
speech
speech
2/P1
1
2
3
4
1
1
2
3
4
2
a23 c23 a21 c21
a11 c11 a09 c09
a05 c05 a03 c03
a29 c29 a27 c27
a23 c23 a21 c21
a11 c11 a09 c09
a05 c05 a03 c03
a23 c23 a21 c21
a11 c11 a09 c09
a05 c05 a03 c03
1
2
3
4
9
10
11
12
17
18
19
20
25
26
27
5
6
7
8
13
14
15
16
21
22
23
24
28
29
30
3/P1
4/P1
2/P2
a29 c29 a27 c27
a23 c23 a21 c21
a11 c11 a09 c09
a05 c05 a03 c03
a29 c29 a27 c27
a23 c23 a21 c21
a11 c11 a09 c09
a05 c05 a03 c03
a29 c29 a27 c27
a23 c23 a21 c21
a11 c11 a09 c09
a05 c05 a03 c03
a29 c29 a27 c27
a23 c23 a21 c21
a11 c11 a09 c09
3/P2
4/P2
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
Connector pins
CHANNEL
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
Wires
CONNECTOR CABLE
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
Unit/
connector Block
Cable
Cable
No. Use Signals
blu
ora
grn
bro
blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora whi yel red
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
Q
u
a
d a b c d
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
-
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
speech
-
5/P2
5/P1
a05 c05 a03 c03 Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1 speech
speech Pa2 Pb2 Pa1 Pb1
a29 c29 a27 c27

Table 1 Connector pins, wires, and signals in TU 21236.01
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/2
Page 12
Installation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
DM0202EA1
a32 a31 a30 c31
a26 a25 a24 c25
a14 a13 a12 c13
a08 a07 a06 c07
a32 a31 a30 c31
E&M
2/P1
1
2
3
4
3
-
1
2
3
4
4
-
3/P1
4/P1
2/P2
3/P2
4/P2
a26 a25 a24 c25
a14 a13 a12 c13
a08 a07 a06 c07
a32 a31 a30 c31
a26 a25 a24 c25
a14 a13 a12 c13
a08 a07 a06 c07
a32 a31 a30 c31
a26 a25 a24 c25
a14 a13 a12 c13
a32 a31 a30 c31
a26 a25 a24 c25
a14 a13 a12 c13
a08 a07 a06 c07
a32 a31 a30 c31
a26 a25 a24 c25
a14 a13 a12 c13
a08 a07 a06 c05
a32 a31 a30 c31
a26 a25 a24 c25
a14 a13 a12 c13
a08 a07 a06 c07
a32 a31 a30 c31
a26 a25 a24 c25
a14 a13 a12 c13
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E&M
E2 E1 M2 M1 E2 E1 M2 M1 E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
E2 E1 M2 M1
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
a c
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
. .
.
1
2
3
4
9
10
11
12
17
18
19
20
25
26
27
5
6
7
8
13
14
15
16
21
22
23
24
28
29
30
Connector pins
CHANNEL
Wires
CONNECTOR CABLE
Unit/
connector Block
Cable
Cable
No. Use Signals
Q
u
a
d a b c d
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
blu
ora
grn
bro
blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red blu
ora
grn
bro
whi yel red
whi yel red
whi yel red

a08 a07 a06 c07

a08 a07 a06 c07 E&M E2 E1 M2 M1
E&M E2 E1 M2 M1

5/P5
5/P1

Table 2 Connector pins, wires, and signals in TU 21236.01
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 1
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
H Vuori/mlt
Prepared by Checked Approved Number
NTC/TS
DM2EM-2028-SEA1
TU 21236.01
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P, 8 channels
Operation
Contents
Page
1 INTRODUCTION 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 COMMISSIONING 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1 Genera 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2 Installation Procedure 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 START-UP OF THE CHANNEL UNIT 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 SETTINGS 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 MAINTENANCE 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1 Alarms 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2 State and Fault Messages 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3 Fault Location 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4 Test Controls 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6 MEASUREMENTS 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.1 Signalling 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2 Performance Measurements 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.2.1 Voice Frequency Channels 14 (14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 2
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 3
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
1 INTRODUCTION
This manual describes the procedures for commissioning, day to day
operation, and maintenance of the channel unit.
All software configurable parameters for the unit are accessedvia the serĆ
vice interface of the controlling DYNACARD-MUX unit. The service
interface can be used locally by connecting a Service Terminal to the
DYNACARD-MUX, or remotely by a Transmission Management
Computer (TMC). This document is written assuming that a Service TerĆ
minal is used(althoughthe menustructure is exactly the same whenusing
a TMC).
Remote access to the DYNACARD-MUX service interface may be
gained by connecting several service interfaces together into a bus, and
the buses further into service channels to form a service network. All
equipment on this network can be controlled from one central point,
using either a Service Terminal, or a TMC (see Transmission ManageĆ
ment System TMS, Operating Handbook).
The DYNACARD-MUX unit provides the menus related to the comĆ
monparts of theequipment, andthechannel unit provides menus relating
to its own operation. Option 9 of the top level DYNACARD-MUX
menus always provides access tothe unit specific menus, by promptingfor
a unit location number. This number is the physical location of the unit in
the equipment cartridge. Locations are numbered from left to right,
where the leftmost location is location number 1 (usually occupied by the
DYNACARD-MUXunit).
A description of the full channel unit menu structure is found in the secĆ
tionOperationwithService Terminal. It is recommendedthat theuser refer
to that document whilst performing the operations described below.
This document covers the following units and corresponding programs:
h Channel Unit E&M/VF-P, 8 channels
(TU 21236.01, Program TS 25360.01)
The unit includes 8 VF-channels and2 (3) E&Msignalling channels
for each VF-channel.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 4
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
2 COMMISSIONING
2.1 General
The steps necessary for commissioning a channel unit for normal operĆ
ation in a DM2 system(as an example) are described below. This section
deals only with the software configurable parameters; any necessary
hardware configuration should be carried out prior to the software conĆ
figuration. Refer to the section Installation for details of the hardware
setup necessary for correct functioning of the unit.
2.2 Installation Procedure
The term'installation' is used to describe the process of a MUXunit givĆ
ing permission to a channel unit to start operation, and involves the
transfer of configuration information around the DM 2 system.
A unit (MUX or channel unit) has an on-board non-volatile memory
that is used for storing both its own configuration, and a back-up copy of
the configuration of the next unit in the cartridge.
The MUX keeps a list of which locations in the cartridge have units
installed in them. This list is by location number (referred to as 'u', or unit
number), rather than unit ID, which allows for the immediate replaceĆ
ment of a damaged card. When a new unit is inserted into a location that
previously contained an installed unit, the MUXautomatically copies the
back-up configuration of the old unit to the new unit, and immediately
gives the new unit permission to start operating.
Units are installed using the Add unit command (6,2,1,u to install a single
unit at location u), or the Install all units command (6,2,3 to install all
units in a cartridge). Units may be deinstalled using the Remove unit
command (6,2,2,u to deinstall a single unit at location u).
If the user requests the installation of a unit which is already in the
installed state, then its current configuration is copied to the next unit in
the cartridge. This allows the configuration back-up of the unit to be
kept up-to-date if changes are made to its settings.
Installing an already installed unit should only be done when all of its
channels are idle, as the installation process will terminate any calls that
are currently in progress.
If installation is requested for a unit that is not in the installed state, then
its current configuration is backed up (as above), it is given permission by
theMUXtostart operating, andits locationnumber is addedtotheMUX
list as containing an installed unit.
NOTE
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 5
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
3 START-UP OF THE CHANNEL UNIT
1. Place the channel unit, the DYNACARD-MUX (DM 2, DB 2, or
DN 2) andtheother units, if any, intotheDM2, DB2, or DN2equipĆ
ment cartridge.
2. Connect the Service Terminal to the service interface connector of
the DYNACARD-MUX and establish a connection to the equipĆ
ment (connection cables unconnected):
Response example:
OBJ 7 RET
Current object:
AD 4095/DM 2
9600 bit/s
/EOB/
The green LED is lit to indicate that a connection from the Service
Terminal to the equipment has been established.
3. Perform equipment installation by installing all units:
(duration approx. 10 sec.)
TOP 6 2 3 RET
Response:
Installing
/EOB/
, ,
If a new channel unit is added to a partially complete system (which is,
however, currently in use), the unit should be configured and then inĆ
stalled using the Add unit command (6,2,1,u) rather than the Install all
units command (6,2,3), as this will halt the progress of any calls currently
present on the existing units.
Verify:
TOP 6 2 0 RET
Response:
MUX-2M
unit 3
EM/P 8ch
, ,
unit 1
unit 2
/EOB/
unit 4
EM/P 8ch
EM/P 8ch
4. Check error messages given by the equipment:
TOP 1 RET
If errors are encountered, check the equipment configuration.
NOTE
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 6
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
4 SETTINGS
When a channel unit is used in a newDM2 systemits parameters cannot
be restored fromthe unit next to it, and so it must have all of its configurĆ
ation parameters set as required before it can be used.
Commissioning the unit requires the following parameters to be set.
Many of the parameters are channel-specific, and many have default
(factory set) values which may already be acceptable to the user.
h Time slot allocation
h Interface levels
h Two-wire or four-wire connection
h Enable or disable detection and line code filtering
h Inverted/non-inverted mode or fixed values of signalling
h Enable or disable supervision of voltages
h Channel use (ON/OFF)
h Setting of two-wire balance impedance
Unit settings
Service Terminal selection 6,9,u,0 displays all unit settings.
Default settings (6,9,u,1)
The default settings provide all the channels of the unit withthe following
settings:
h All channels are connected to four-wire mode
h Four-wire level -4.0 dBr in Rx-direction and +9.0 dBr in Tx-
direction on all channels
h Two-wire level -7.0 dBr in Rx-direction and 0.0 dBr in Tx-direcĆ
tion on all channels
h Group 1 (600 ohm) is set as the balance impedance of the two-wire
connection.
Channel use (6,9,u,3,1)
Default: OFF
Each channel separately or all channels of the unit can be controlled into
power-up (ON) or power-down (OFF) state which retain all settings.
By Service Terminal selection 6,9,u,3,1,ch,0 the state of each channel
(ch) of the unit (u) is displayed. For example, +9 implies that the channel
is installed and uses time slot 9. Correspondingly, -9 implies that the
channel is not installed, andq9, again, implies that the channel is being set
into use or out of use.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 7
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
Time slot selection (6,9,u,3,1,ch,3)
One of time slots 1...15 and 17...31 is selected for each channel. Time slot
TS16 is allocated for other use.
The following selection of time slots is recommended by the manufacĆ
turer:
Channel Time slot
1 1
2 2
3 3
4 4
5 5
6 6
7 7
8 8
9 9
10 10
11 11
12 12
13 13
14 14
15 15
16 17
17 18
18 19
19 20
20 21
21 22
22 23
23 24
24 25
25 26
26 27
27 28
28 29
29 30
30 31
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 8
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
2/4-wire connection (6,9,u,3,2)
Default: four-wire
The two-or four-wire connection is selected either separately for each
channel or for all channels.
The two-or four-wire mode canalsobe selectedby using the additional
'E or M' signalling interface (6,9,u,3,6,ch,8). Note that this selection will
override the mode setting made by command6,9,u,3,2. For more detailed
information see Operation with Service Terminal.
Interface levels (6,9,u,3,3)
Default: four-wire -4.0 dBr Rx; +9.0 dBr Tx
two-wire -7.0 dBr Rx; 0.0 dBr Tx
The interface levels can be set either for all channels or for each channel
separately. The two-wire and four-wire levels must be set separately.
Polarity of signalling (6,9,u,8)
Default: normal, bits cd are set to 01
The logic canbe set toinvertedor non-inverted(normal), andthe values
of bits c and d can be set through the Service Terminal menu. The normal
mode is recommended by the manufacturer.
Setting of two-wire balance impedance (6,9,u,3,5)
Default: 600 W
The balance compensation circuit corresponds to the physical balance
impedance. It is set toa suitable value for the loopback test circuit. Oneof
the ten pre-computed impedances can be selected by a Service TerĆ
minal. The compensation circuit for the desired impedance is computed
by the manufacturer.
Signalling in fault situation (6,9,u,4,3,ch,2/3)
Default: E-wire open
freezing time 0.0 s
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 9
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
5 MAINTENANCE
The equipment does not require scheduledmaintenance. Maintenance is
needed only when the equipment indicates a fault by means of an alarm.
Accurate data concerning the equipment state and the nature of the fault
are obtained via the Service Terminal.
Additional data on the condition of the equipment and the signal quality
are obtained from the measurements made by the equipment itself.
Measurement results are read with the Service Terminal.
Also tests and loopbacks possibly required in fault location can be perĆ
formed using the Service Terminal.
5.1 Alarms
RACK ALARM LAMPS
SERVICE LEDS
red
yellow
green
red alarm A
white
yellow
alarm B
alarm D
(reminder of alarm
DM1027EA1
(prompt)
(deferred)
serious fault in the equipment
fault in the signal received by
the equipment, equipment fault,
equipment accessed by the
in the equipment (e.g. loopback)
cancellation)
or controlled service function
Service Terminal
Figure 1 Alarm indication, general principle
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 10
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
Interpretation of alarms at equipment level
When the red service LED is lit, there is a serious fault in the equipment
and the equipment usually has to be replaced by a new one. The red serĆ
vice LED, red rack alarmlamp and programmable alarmoutput PA1 are
activated by means of an external auxiliary voltage.
When the yellow service LED is lit, the fault is usually in the signal
received by the equipment. The alarm can also be caused by some conĆ
trolled service function performed in the equipment (e.g. loopback or
forced indication). The alarming equipment itself is not necessarily
faulty; the fault may be in the far-end equipment or signal cabling.
The green service LEDis lit when the equipment is connected to the SerĆ
vice Terminal or the Transmission Management Computer. Connection
to the TMC does not activate the green LED in all cases.
Interpretation of alarms at unit level
The redservice LEDis switchedonby a serious fault intheunit. Notethat
inthe case of a power supply fault the redLEDis lit, eventhoughthe fault
itself may be outside the unit.
The yellow service LED is switched on by a fault in the equipment.
The green service LED is switched on when transmission management
actions concerning the unit take place through the Service Terminal conĆ
nected to the DYNACARD-MUX.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 11
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
5.2 State and Fault Messages
The state and fault messages of the equipment obtained through the serĆ
vice menu option 1 Fault display by the Service Terminal are described
below. The rack alarm/service LED indication in each situation is also
given.

Power supply fault
Equipment fault
Forced indication
Loop to equipment


RACK
ALARMS
FAULT CONDITION
A B D red yellow green
*
*
AIS TS16
*
*
SERVICE
LEDS
*
*
(*)
(*)
*
*
*
* *
(*) (*) (*)
Equipment reset
Blocked from use
(*) Indication optional
1)
Fault consequences are software selectable
Default: AIS in channel: B-alarm, yellow
Loop to equipment: B-alarm, yellow
1)
1)
Table 1 Indication of fault conditions
5.3 Fault Location
In fault conditions, an alarm is sometimes received simultaneously from
several sets of equipment. This is due tothe fact that the effect of the fault
spreads along the signal path with the faulty signal. Usually, however, the
set of equipment that has detected a fault transmits the AIS whereupon
the other sets do not alarm but indicate the AIS.
If it is not possible tolocatethefault onthebasis of thefault dataprovided
by the alarms and the Service Terminal, the use of equipment and interĆ
face loopbacks, testing of the internal signal path of the equipment, and
the read memory function can be of help.
Loopbacks and signal path tests cut off the traffic. Unless the loopbacks
are cancelled, they stay in effect until the time-out set for controls has
elapsed.
NOTE
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 12
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
5.4 Test Controls
To help with fault location on the digital signal paths, channels in the unit
canbe put intoone of the twoloopbackstates. These are loopbacks onthe
analog side of the CODECcircuit, or loopbacks on the digital side of the
CODEC(D/A-A/Dor D-Dloops respectively). Bothtypes of loopback
produce loops at the digital signal interface. The controls for these loops
are in menu option 5,9,u,2,ch.
The loop on the digital side (D-Dloop) connects the signal directly from
the CODEC circuits digital input to digital output.
The loop on analog side (D/A-A/D loop) connects the analog output of
the CODEC to the analog input. The level measured at the digital signal
output interface depends on the level settings. The level in four-wire
mode is (Po - Pi + 4.8) dB and in two-wire mode (Po - Pi + 2.7) dB,
where Po is the output level and Pi the input level of analog interface.
The operation of the service LEDs can be checked using the forced
indication controls, 5,9,u,3.
The test control states describedabove operate ona timedbasis. Atime-
out period is set in menu option 6,9,u,6,1. After this selection, the above
controls will continue to operate until cancelled or until the time-out
period expires. If the time-out period is set to 65535, time-out will
never occur.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 13
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
6 MEASUREMENTS
6.1 Signalling
Some of the unit measurements that canbe performedby the Service TerĆ
minal may help in locating failures in the signalling operation. Use of the
criterion table and signalling program block diagram (SDL Diagram) is
recommended.
Unit measurement: Service Terminal menu:
h Line code 7,9,u,2
h State of signalling:
h Mnemonic 7,9,u,3,1
h All states 7,9,u,3,2
h Detection 7,9,u,4
By using this information the flowof the signalling programcan be moniĆ
tored and the cause of the fault state can be found.
Continuous display, example: 7,9,u,2,INV AUTO
This option displays the line code information continuously. To get back
tothe normal display mode push the TOPbuttononthe Service Terminal
twice.
6.2 Performance Measurements
Since the equipment itself collects data on signal quality and error occurĆ
rences and indicates faults by alarms, only a few performance measureĆ
ments carried out with separate measuring instruments should be
required. However, measurements can be performed if desired.
The operating voltages can be measured and the result read with the SerĆ
vice Terminal. If the operating voltages deviate from the recommended
values, it is advisable to have the equipment checked. The allowable
rangeof voltagevariations is ±5%for the-5Vand±10%for the-12V.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
TS 25360.01
II/3
Page 14
Operation
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
6.2.1 Voice Frequency Channels
The voice frequency characteristics of the channels are featured in the
Functional Description.
The voice frequency characteristics can be measured by connecting the
VFmeasuring equipment to the unit front connector. The measurements
canbedoneintheD->AandA->Ddirections separately by usingthe
DYNACARD-MUX and a PCM generator/receiver as shown in FigĆ
ureĂ2.
By connecting a loop in the multiplex unit's PCMside A->AmeasureĆ
ments canbe done using only VFmeasuring equipment. The channel unit
must be in four-wire mode, see Figure 3.
and
Generator
PCM
Equipment
Measuring
VF
Channel
Unit
Receiver
Pa1
Pb1
Pa2
Pb2
DM4394EA1
DYNA-
CARD
MUX
PCM
Figure 2 Recommended A->D and D->A measurement circuit
Equipment
Measuring
VF
Channel
Unit
Pa1
Pb1
Pa2
Pb2
DM4395EA1
DYNA-
CARD
MUX
PCM
Figure 3 Recommended A->A measurement circuit
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 1
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
H Vuori/mlt
Prepared by Checked Approved Number
NTC/TS
DM2EM-2029-SEA1
TU 21236.01
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P,
8 channels, 16 E&M channels
Operation with Service Terminal
Contents
Page
1 SERVICE MENUS 3
2 SERVICE TERMINAL MAIN MENU 12
3 CHANNEL UNIT MENUS 13
3.1 Identifications 13
3.2 Controls 16
3.3 Settings 20
3.4 Measurements 50
3.5 Testing 55 (55)
NOTE! THIS DESCRIPTION IS VALID FOR PROGRAM
TS 25360.01, VERSION 01A
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 2
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 3
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
1 SERVICE MENUS
Select Operation:
1 Fault display
2 Local alarm cancel
3 Reset local cancel
4 Identifications
5 Controls (temporary)
6 Settings (permanent)
7 Measurements
8 Statistics
9 Testing
10 User privileges
11 Miscellaneous
TOP
See:
Page 4
Page 5
Pages 6-9
Page 10
MAIN LEVEL MENU

2 Eq name
7 Modify
9 Unit IDs
1 Eq type
Controls:
0 Display MUX controls
1 Eq. to normal state
2 2M loops
3 Measurements
9 Unit controls
Settings:
1 Service options
2 HW config.
Measurements:
9 Unit settings
4
5
6
7
9
Identifications:
9 Unit measurements
Testing:
9 Unit testing
Page 11
Selections in bold type indicate access to E&M channel unit menus
8
Statistics *
Miscellaneous *
11
Functions provided with an asterisk (*) have not yet been implemented in this unit
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 4
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
Identifications:
1 Eq type
2 Eq name
7 Modify
1 Name
Identifier
User manual
2
3
5 Hardware ID
4,9
1...20
4 Identifications:
9 Unit IDs
Unit
1...20
number?
E&M/VF-P
6 Program version
identifications:
4,9,u
u
Give new identifier
4,9,u,7,2,0
4,9,u,7,2,1
4,9,u,7,5,0
4,9,u,7,5,1
0 Display
1 Modify
Identifier:
0 Display
1 Modify
Hardware ID:
4,9,u,7,2
4,9,u,7,5
DM2EM/P-01-ESPOO
TU 21236.01 01A
1-15 characters ?
Give new hardware ID
1-15 characters ?
Modify IDs 7
IDENTIFICATIONS: Unit IDs
EM/P 8ch
TS 25360.01 01A
DM2EM-2029-SEA
TU 21236.01 01A
DM2EM/P-01-ESPOO
4,9,u,1
4,9,u,3
4,9,u,2
4,9,u,5
4,9,u,6
2 Identifier
5 Hardware ID
4,9,u,7
Modify IDs:
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 5
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
5,9
1...20
CONTROLS: Unit controls
1...8
5 Controls:
Controls:
0 Display MUX controls
1 Eq. state
2 2M loops
3 Measurements
9 Unit controls
0 Display act. contr.
1 Controls to normal
2 Loops to equipment
3 Forced indication
Channel
normal to
0 Display
3 Loops off
Unit
1...20
number?
E&M/VF-P controls:
Loops to equipment:
5,9,u
u
5,9,u,2
5,9,u,2,ch
ch
Select led:
1 Red
2 Yellow
3 Green
5,9,u,3
0 Display state
1 Forced state
2 Free state
5,9,u,3,led
Forced indication:
1 Forced ON
2 Forced OFF
5,9,u,3,led,1
Forced state:
led
1,2,3
Select channel:
1 ->D/A->A/D-> loop
2 ->D->D-> loop
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 6
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9
1...20
SETTINGS: Unit settings
1
1 -5 V
2 -12 V
0 Display
1 ON
2 OFF
Settings:
1 Service options
2 HW
9 Unit settings
6 Settings:
config.
0 Display settings
1 Default settings
2 Voltage
3 Channel
4
6 Time
supervision
settings
Fault consequences
constants
1 AIS in one channel
1-3
0 Display
1 No
2 A-alarm
alarms
0 Display
1 Modify
1...65534 sec
65535 no timeout
Unit
1...20
number?
E&M/VF-P settings:
Select voltage:
Fault consequences:
Time constants:
6,9,u
u
6,9,u,1
6,9,u,2
6,9,u,3
6,9,u,4
6,9,u,6
6,9,u,2,1-3
6,9,u,4,2
6,9,u,6,1
6,9,u,6,1,1
2 Loop to equipment
Are you sure ?
2
9
Cancel
Set def. settings
8 Copy settings
1 Channel use
2 2/4-wire
3 4-wire levels
4 2-wire levels
Channel settings:
5 2-w balance imped.
6 Signalling logic
7 Signalling filters
3 Battery
Voltage supervision:
0 Display setup ID
Read from Unit
,* Load to Unit
1
2
6,9,u,8
Read/load Settings:
(*=<DATA>)
3 Signalling in fault state
3 B-alarm
Controls timeout
Loop to equipment:
0 Display
1 No
2 A-alarm
alarms
6,9,u,4,1
3 B-alarm
AIS in one channel:
Controls timeout:
8 Usage with LB-unit
6,9,u,4,3
see page 9
See pages 7, 8
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 7
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
SETTINGS: Channel settings
1 ... 8 Channel
1 ... 8 Channel
0 Display
1 ON
2 OFF
3 Modify timeslot 1-15 , 17-24
0 Display
1 Receive
Give new level ?
11 All channels
2 Transmit
0 Display
1 4-wire mode
2 2-wire mode
Channel use:
Give first timeslot:
Wire settings:
Modify levels:
6,9,u,3
6,9,u,3,1
6,9,u,3,2
6,9,u,3,3/4
6,9,u,3,5
6,9,u,3,1,ch
ch
6,9,u,3,1,11,3
6,9,u,3,2,ch
6,9,u,3,3/4,ch
6,9,u,3,3/4,ch,1/2
1 ... 8 Channel
11 All channels
ch
11 All channels
1 Channel use
2 2/4-wire
3 4-wire levels
4 2-wire levels
Channel settings:
5 2-w balance imped.
6 Signalling logic
7 Signalling filters
ch
Select channel:
Select channel:
Select channel:
1-15 , 17-31 ?
Give timeslot:
6,9,u,3,1,1-8,3
0 Display used imped.
1
2
3
Display imped. param.
Select new imped.
Modify coeffic. param.
2-w balance imped.:
1 600
2
390 + ( 620 // 100 nF) 3
370 + ( 620 // 310 nF)
4
220 + ( 820 // 115 nF)
5
270 + (1200 // 120 nF)
11Coefficients
6,9,u,3,5,1
Select impedance:
1 ... 8 Channel
6,9,u,3,5,2
11 All channels
Select channel:
6,9,u,3,5,2,ch
6,9,u,3,5,3
Which byte 1...3 ? Give new value 0-255 ?
b
6,9,u,3,5,3,b
6
7
600 + (620 // 35 nF)
600 + 0.5 uF
Select new impedance:
ch
900
8
1 600
2
390 + ( 620 // 100 nF) 3
370 + ( 620 // 310 nF)
4
220 + ( 820 // 115 nF)
5
270 + (1200 // 120 nF)
11Coefficients
6
7
600 + (620 // 35 nF)
600 + 0.5 uF
900
8
8 Usage with LB-unit
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 8
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
1 2M->E normal

6,9,u,3,6,ch,1/3/5
2 2M->E inverted
3 E const open
4 E const ground
1 a-bit, receive
Signalling logic:
2 a-bit, send
3
4 b-bit, send
0 Display
6,9,u,3,6,ch
6,9,u,3,6,ch,8
1 2/4w remote not used
6,9,u,3,6,ch,7
1 0->2M
2 1->2M
2 M3->2/4w cont. g:4w
3 M3->2/4w cont. o:4w
b-bit, receive
5 c-bit, receive
6 c-bit,send
7
8 M3 for 2/4w remote
d-bit, send
1 M->2M normal
2 M->2M inverted
3 0->2M
4 1->2M
6,9,u,3,6,ch,2/4/6
SETTINGS: Channel settings
ch
1 Line code
2 Detections
6,9,u,3,7
Signalling filters:
0 Display
1 ON
2 OFF
6,9,u,3,7,2
Detections filter:
0 Display
1 ON
2 OFF
6,9,u,3,7,1
Line code filter:
1 ... 8 Channel
11 All channels
6,9,u,3,6
Select channel:
6,9,u,3
1 Channel use
2 2/4-wire
3 4-wire levels
4 2-wire levels
Channel settings:
5 2-w balance imped.
6 Signalling logic
7 Signalling filters
8 Usage with LB-unit
6,9,u,3,8
6,9,u,3,8,ch
Usage with LB-unit:
0 Display
1...8 Channel
11 All channels
Usage with LB-unit:
1 ON
2 OFF
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 9
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
1
0 Display
1
2
Detect AIS in one ch.
Freezing time
3 State of E-channels
Signalling in fault state:
0 s
2 0.5 s
3 1.0 s
4 1.5 s

6,9,u,4,3,ch 6,9,u,4,3,ch,0
6,9,u,4,3,ch,1
6,9,u,4,3,ch,2
6,9,u,4,3
1 E1
2 E2
3 E3
6,9,u,4,3,ch,3
1.On ;1.0s;E=ggg
2.On ;1.0s;E=ggg
3.On ;1.0s;E=ggg
4.On ;1.0s;E=ooo
5.On ;1.0s;E=ooo
6.On ;1.0s;E=ggg
7.On ;1.0s;E=ggg
8.On ;1.0s;E=ggg
1 ON
2 OFF
1 ... 8 Channel
11 All channels
Freezing time:
E-channels in fault state:
1 open
2 ground
Select state:
6,9,u,4,3,ch,3,e
e
1...3
Select channel:
Detect AIS:
SETTINGS: Channel settings: Signalling in fault state
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 10
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
7 Measurements:
Measurements:
9 Unit measurements
Unit number?
1...20
1...20
7,9
MEASUREMENTS: Unit measurements
1 Voltages
2 Line code
4 Detections
1
2
-5 V
-12 V
E&M/VF-P
3 Signalling state
State of signalling:
1 Mnemonic
2 All states
measurements:
u
7,9,u
7,9,u,1
7,9,u,3
7,9,u,7
1...8 Channel
7,9,u,7,ch
Calibrate levels:
2 2-w transmit
3 4-w receive
4 4-w transmit
7,9,u,7,ch,1-4
Calibrate levels 7
Voltages:
7,9,u,1,1,1
Give measured
voltage (mV)
without sign ?
0 Display
1 Calibrate
7,9,u,1,1
-5 V:
0 Channel faults
3 Battery
0 Display
1 Calibrate
7,9,u,1,2
-12 V:
0 Display
1 Calibrate
7,9,u,1,3
Battery:
7,9,u,1,2,1
7,9,u,1,3,1
Select channel:
1 2-w receive
Give measured
voltage (mV)
without sign ?
Give measured
voltage (mV)
without sign ?
Give difference of
level (dB) ?
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 11
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
Testing:
9 Unit testing
Read memory 8 bytes 2
Unit ?
1...20
9,9
9 Testing:
0...65535
E&M/VF-P testing:
Give address:
TESTING: UNIT TESTING
1...20
u
9,9,u 9,9,u,2
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 12
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
2 SERVICE TERMINAL MAIN MENU
The channel units of the DM 2 equipment are controlled via the service
interface on the MUXunit. When the state "Select Operation" has been
entered, the mainmenucommontoall equipment, receivedfromtheSerĆ
vice Terminal, is displayed:
Select Operation:
1 Fault display
2 Local alarm cancel
3 Reset local cancel
4 Identifications
5 Controls (temporary)
6 Settings (permanent)
7 Measurements
8 Statistics
9 Testing
10 User privileges
11 Miscellaneous

The function to be executed is selected fromthe main menu and a related
menu is obtained. For example:
Identifications:
1 Eq type
2 Eq name
7 Modify
9 Unit IDs
In the menus below the main menu, selection 9 is used to access the unit.
As a response to the unit selection, the equipment prompts for the unit
number:
Unit ?
1...20
After the unit number has beengiven, the programgives a menuconcernĆ
ing the unit in question. The channel unit menus of the units operating
without a processor are provided by the MUXunit. The menus of a chanĆ
nel unit with a processor (like the present one) are obtained from the
channel unit.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 13
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
3 CHANNEL UNIT MENUS
3.1 Identifications
4,9,u Unit IDs
1 Name
Identifier
Hardware ID
Program version
2
5
6
3 User manual
E&M/VF-P identifications:
Modify IDs 7
4,9,u,1 Name
The selection displays the name of the unit. Response example:
EM/P 8ch
4,9,u,2 Identifier
The selection displays the user-set identifier of the unit. The identifier
may contain, for instance, route information. Response example:
DM2EM/P-01-ESPOO
4,9,u,3 User manual
Theprogramresponds by displayingthedocument number of theinstrucĆ
tions Operation with Service Terminal. Fixed. Response example:
DM2EM-2029-SEA
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 14
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
4,9,u,5 Hardware ID
The selection displays the type and version of the unit. Response
example:
TU 21236.01 01A
4,9,u,6 Program version
The selection displays the type and version of the program. Fixed.
Response example:
TS25360.01 01A
4,9,u,7 Modify IDs

2 Identifier
5 Hardware ID
Modify IDs:
4,9,u,7,2 Modify Identifier
0 Display
1 Modify
4,9,u,7,2,0 Display
The selection displays the unit-specific identifier set by the user. It may
contain, for instance, route information. Response example:
DM2EM/P-01-ESPOO
Default identifier:
00000000000000
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 15
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
4,9,u,7,2,1 Modify
The program responds by prompting for a new identifier:
Give new identifier
1-15 characters?
The response may consist of 1 to 15 characters.
4,9,u,7,5 Modify Hardware ID
0 Display
1 Modify
Hardware ID:
4,9,u,7,5,0 Display
The selection displays the type and version of the unit. Response
example:
TU 21236.01 01A
4,9,u,7,5,1 Modify
The program responds by prompting for a new hardware ID:
Give new hardware ID
1-15 characters?
The response may consist of 1 to 15 characters given via the Service TerĆ
minal, for example:
54 <ASCII>
55 <ASCII>
20 <ASCII>
212362E <ASCII>
0120 <ASCII>
0241 <ASCII> <RET>
The new hardware ID will be TU 21236.01 02A.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 16
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
3.2 Controls
5,9,u Unit controls
0 Display act. controls
1 Controls to normal
2 Loops to equipment
3 Forced indication
E&M/VF-P controls:
5,9,u,0 Display active controls
The program displays all active controls (loopbacks and forced controls
of LEDs). The turning onof the greenLEDcausedby unit selectionis not
shown here. If there are no active controls, the program responds:
No active controls
If the red LED has been forced on, the program responds:
Red led forced ON
If a loopback (for example, a D->Dloop) has been set up on one of the
channels, the information is indicated in the form:
2 D->D
Ch. loop
5,9,u,1 Controls to normal
Theselectionforces all controls tonormal state(loops off for all channels,
all LEDs in free state).
5,9,u,2 Loops to equipment (channel associated)
In a loopback the speech signal of the receive (Rx) direction (of PCM) is
connected to the transmit (Tx) direction (of PCM). The loopback does
not concern signalling.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 17
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
The loopback is channel associated. The number of the channel to be
looped back is prompted for next. The channels of the unit are numbered
from 1 to 8, starting from the top.
1 ... 8 Channel
Select channel:
5,9,u,2,ch Loops
0 Display
1 ->D/A->A/D-> loop
2 ->D->D-> loop
3 Loops off
Loops to equipment:
5,9,u,2,ch,0 Display
The selection displays the loopbacks that have been set on the channel
selected. When there are no active loops, the program responds:
No loop
5,9,u,2,ch,1 ->D/A->A/D-> loop
The selection sets a loopback at the analogue side of the CODECcircuit,
andthus requires D/Aand A/Dconversions to close the loop between the
Rx and Tx PCM signals.
5,9,u,2,ch,2 ->D->D-> loop
The selectionsets anentirely digital loopback inwhichtheRx PCMsignal
is fed back directly to the Tx PCM direction.
The loopback can be performed only when the channel is in use. The
D/A->A/Dloop and the D->Dloop are mutually exclusive and canĆ
not be set simultaneously on the channel selected.
5,9,u,2,ch,3 Loops off
The selection sets off the loopbacks on the channel selected. As a result,
the loopback will be cancelled immediately.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 18
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
5,9,u,3 Forced indication
Select led:
1 Red
2 Yellow
3 Green
Forced indication is LEDassociated. The colour of the LEDto be forced
on or off is prompted for here.
5,9,u,3,led Forced indication
Forced indication:
0 Display state
1 Forced state
2 Free state
5,9,u,3,led,0 Display state
The selection displays the state of the selected LED(for example, the red
LED). If the LED is currently non-forced, the program responds:
Red led is in free state
If the LED has been forced on, the program responds:
Red led is in forced ON state
If the LED has been forced off, the program responds:
Red led is in forced OFF state
5,9,u,3,led,1,1 Forced ON
The selection forces the selected LED on, regardless of the state of the
alarm or condition that is normally associated with the LED. This selecĆ
tion generates a Forced indic. alarm (B-alarm).
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 19
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
5,9,u,3,led,1,2 Forced OFF
The selection forces the selected LED off, regardless of the state of the
alarm or condition that is normally associated with the LED. This selecĆ
tion generates a Forced indic. alarm (B-alarm).
5,9,u,3,led,2 Free state
The selectioncancels the forcedcontrol of the selectedLED. Inthis state,
the LED will indicate the actual status in the normal way.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 20
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
3.3 Settings
When changing the settings of used channel, the traffic is disturbed for a
while (app. 100 ms). So be careful when changing settings.
6,9,u Unit settings
0 Display settings
1 Default settings
2 Voltage supervision
3 Channel
4
6 Time
settings
Fault consequences
constants
E&M/VF-P settings:
8 Copy settings
6,9,u,0 Display
The selection displays all current settings. When the settings have been
modified, the easiest way to check them is to use this menu. Response
example for TU 21236.01:
When channel is used in 2/4-wire remote control mode, the wire selecĆ
tions are not nessessarily displayd right. The current wire mode can be
checked from menu branch 6,9,u,3,2,11,0.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 21
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01

–12V OFF
+1 +2 –3 –4
q5 –6 +7 +8
Voltage supervision:
Battery ON
Timeslots:
Wire settings:
Ch Rx Tx
1. –2.0 0.0
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
–2.0 0.0
–2.0 0.0
–2.0 0.0
–2.0 0.0
–2.0 0.0
2
2
2
4
2
4
wire
7.
8.
–2.0 0.0
–2.0 0.0
2
4
2–w bal. imp. group:
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Line code filter: ON
Det. filter: OFF
Fault consequences:
AIS in ch.: B–alarm
1.ON ;1.0s;E=ggg
2.ON ;1.0s;E=ggg
3.ON ;1.0s;E=ggg
4.ON ;1.0s;E=ggg
5.ON ;1.0s;E=oog
6.ON ;1.0s;E=oog
7.ON ;1.0s;E=ggg
8 ON ;1.0s;E=ggg
Signalling logic:
Controls timeout:
No timeout
Loop to eq. :B–alarm
Signalling in fault state:
–5V ON
a b c d 2/4
1. n/n i/i –/0 1 ––––
2. o/1 n/n –/0 1 ––––
3. n/n n/n o/– 1 ––––
4. n/n n/n –/0 1 g:4w
5. n/n n/n –/0 1 g:4w
6. n/1 n/0 –/0 1 o:4w
7. n/n n/n –/0 1 ––––
8. n/n n/n –/0 1 ––––
LB–usage:
norm norm norm norm
norm norm LB LB
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 22
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
The response example for TU 21236.01 (on the previous page) indicates
that:
h -5 V and Battery voltages are supervised, -12 V voltage is not
supervised.
h Channels 1, 2, 7 and 8 are in use in time slots 1, 2, 7 and 8.
h Channels 3, 4 and 6 are not in use.
h Channel 5 is being taken into use.
h Channels 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 are in 2-wire mode and channels 4, 6, 8 in
4-wire mode.
h All channels have the same level setting, -2.0 dBr in Rx direction
and 0 dBr in Tx direction.
h Group1 (600 ohm) has beenset as the 2-wire balance impedance on
all channels
h Line code filtering has been enabled.
h Filtering of detections has been disabled.
h Channel associated AIS in signalling will generate a B-alarm.
h Loop to equipment will generate a B-alarm.
h AIS is considered as an error situation on every channel.
h Freezing time, when a fault is detected, is one second on every chanĆ
nel.
h State of E-channels in fault state is E1=E2=E3=ground on chanĆ
nels 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8 and E1=E2=open, E3=ground on channels 5, 6.
h Signalling logic mnemonics separately for each of the a, b, c and d
bits:
n - normal
i - inverted
o - set to open
g - set to ground
0 - set to 0
1 - set to 1
The mnemonics for the a, b and c bits are displayed in the form
receive/send, but for the d bit there is only the send direction.
Column 2/4 shows the usage of the 2/4-wire remote control on the
channel.
h Channels 7 and 8 are used in LB mode.
h There is no time-out for controls.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 23
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,1 Default settings
The programresponds to the selection by displaying a menu for verificaĆ
tion:
2 Cancel
9 Set def. settings
Are you sure?
6,9,u,1,2 Cancel
The default settings will not be set in the unit. All settings will remain as
they are.
6,9,u,1,9 Set default settings
The selection sets the following default settings in the unit:
h Voltage supervision is enabled for the -5 Vand -12 Vvoltages and
disabled for the Battery voltage.
h All channels are taken out of use, and their time slots are set to 1 to 8
in TU 21236.01 (for channels 1 to 8).
h All channels are connected to 4-wire mode.
h -4.0 dBr in Rx direction and +9.0 dBr in Tx direction are set as
4-wire levels on all channels.
h -7.0 dBr inRx directionand0.0dBr inTx directionare set as 2-wire
levels on all channels.
h Group 1 (600 ohm) is set as the 2-wire balance impedance on all
channels.
h Line code filtering is enabled.
h Filtering of detections is disabled.
h Channel associated AIS in signalling will generate a B-alarm.
h Loop to equipment will generate a B-alarm.
h AIS detection is set ON on every channel.
h Freezing time, when a fault is detected, is set to 0 seconds on every
channel.
h State of E-channels in fault state is E1=E2=E3=open on every
channel.
h Signalling logic settings are set to normal on every channel:
bits a, b and wires E1, E2 function in the normal mode;
E3 is set to open and the transmitted c bit is set to 0;
the transmitted d-bit is set to 1;
the M3 is not used for remote 2/4 wire control.
h None of the channels used in LB mode.
h The time-out period for controls is set to No time-out.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 24
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,2 Voltage supervision
1
2 -12 V
-5 V
Select voltage:
3 Battery
The voltage supervision control is voltage associated. The voltage to be
supervised is prompted for here.
NOTE The -5 Vand-12 Vare supply voltages generatedinthe unit,
and "Battery" is the criterion voltage (-48 V) fed to the unit
through the back connector.
If a supervised voltage exceeds its specified range, a Power supply fault
alarm (B-alarm) will be generated.
The specified ranges are:
h absolute value 4.5...5.5 V for -5 V voltage
h absolute value 10.8...13.2 V for -12 V voltage
h absolute value 36.0...60.0 V for Battery voltage
6,9,u,2,v Voltage supervision
0 Display
1 ON
2 OFF
Voltage supervision:
6,9,u,2,v,0 Display
The selectiondisplays whether the selectedvoltage is supervisedor not. If
the voltage (here, the -5 V) is supervised, the program responds by:
-5 V ON
If the voltage is not supervised, the program responds by:
-5 V OFF
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 25
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,2,v,1 ON
This selection switches on the supervision of the selected voltage.
6,9,u,2,v,2 OFF
This selection switches off the supervision of the selected voltage.
6,9,u,3 Channel settings
1 Channel use
2 2/4-wire
3 4-wire levels
4 2-wire levels
Channel settings:
5 2-w balance imped.
6 Signalling logic
7 Signalling filters
8 Usage with LB-unit
6,9,u,3,1 Channel use (channel associated)
The program prompts for the channel number. The channels of the unit
are numberedfrom1 to8, startingfromthetop. Selection11performs the
subsequent operation on all channels.
1 ... 8 Channel
Select channel:
11 All channels
6,9,u,3,1,ch Channel use (of a single channel)
0 Display
1 ON
2 OFF
3 Modify timeslot
Channel use:
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 26
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,1,ch,0 Display
The selection displays the time slot allocated to the channel selected and
indicates whether the channel is in use or not. If the channel is out of use
(time slot 9 being allocated to the channel), the response will be:
-9
If the channel is in use and uses time slot 9, the response will be:
+9
If the channel is being taken into/out of use (time slot 9 being allocatedto
the channel) the response will be:
q9
6,9,u,3,1,ch,1 ON
The unit proceeds to take the channel into use on a time slot earlier
selected. If the time slot is free, and the channel not already in use, the
following text will be displayed as the channel is put into use:
Waiting for TS
If the channel is already in use, the response will be:
Chan. already in use
If the time slot allocated to the channel is already used by another chanĆ
nel, the channel will not beput intouse, andthefollowingresponsewill be
displayed:
Not done TS reserved
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 27
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,1,ch,2 OFF
The channel is taken out of use.
If the channel is already out of use, the response will be:
Channel not in use
6,9,u,3,1,ch,3 Modify time slot
The programdisplays a menu prompting for the time slot to be allocated
to the channel.
1-15 , 17-31
Give timeslot:
6,9,u,3,1,ch,3,t Time slot
The selection allocates the given time slot (t) to the desired channel (ch).
If the time slot is reserved (already in use), the response will be:
Not done TS reserved
If the time slot is free, the following response may be seen as the time slot
is allocated:
TS modific. started
The time slot setting will not affect the channel usage. If the channel is in
use, it will remain in use and if it is out of use, a time slot modification will
not bring the channel into use.
6,9,u,3,1,11 Channel use (of all channels)
0 Display
1 ON
2 OFF
3 Modify timeslot
Channel use:
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 28
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,1,11,0 Display
The selection displays the time slots allocated to all channels and indiĆ
cates whether the channels are in use or not. Aresponse example for TU
21236.01:
+1 +2 –3 –4
q5 –6 +7 +8
The usage of channels 1 to 8 is shown on the screen.
The number indicates the time slot allocated to the channel.
'+' indicates that the channel is in use.
'-' indicates that the channel has been taken out of use.
'q' indicates that the channel is being taken into or out of use.
6,9,u,3,1,11,1 ON
The unit proceeds to take all channels into use on the time slots earlier
selected. If all the allocated time slots are free, the response will be:
Waiting for TS
If a time slot allocated to any of the channels is already in use on another
channel in the unit, none of the channels will be put into use, and the folĆ
lowing response will be displayed:
Unit has aligned TSs
If a time slot allocated to any of the channels is already used on another
channel in another unit, none of the channels will be put into use, and the
following response will be displayed:
Not done TS reserved
6,9,u,3,1,11,2 OFF
All channels are taken out of use.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 29
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,1,11,3 Modify time slot
The program displays a menu prompting for the first time slot to be alloĆ
cated to the channels of the unit TU 21236.01:
1-15 , 17-24
Give first timeslot:
6,9,u,3,1,11,3,t Time slot
The selection allocates the time slot (t) to channel 1 and the subsequent 7
(2) time slots to the remaining 7 (2) channels. The TS16 is skipped. If a
time slot is reserved, no time slots will be allocated, and the response will
be:
Not done TS reserved
If the time slots are free, they will be allocated to the channels, and the
response will be:
TS modific. started
The time slot setting will not affect the channel usage. If the channels are
in use, they will remain in use, and if they are out of use, the time slot
modification will not bring them into use.
6,9,u,3,2 2/4-wire, channel selection
The number of the channel is prompted for next.
1 ... 8 Channel
11 All channels
Select channel:
By selecting 1...8, one of the eight channels is selected as the object of the
function. Selection 11 directs the setting modifications below this menu
branch simultaneously to all channels.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 30
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,2,ch 2/4-wire setting
0 Display
1 4-wire mode
2 2-wire mode
Wire settings:
6,9,u,3,2,ch,0 Display
Theselectiondisplays whether thechannel (ch) selectedis switchedtothe
4-wire or the 2-wire mode. In a case where all channels of TU21236.01
have been selected as the object, the response may be, for example:
4w 4w 4w 4w 2w 2w 2w 2w
In the example, channels 1...4 have been switched to 4-wire mode and
channels 5...8 to 2-wire mode.
6,9,u,3,2,ch,1 4-wire mode
This selection switches the channel (ch) selected or all channels to
4-wire mode. In the 4-wire mode the channel automatically uses the
pre-set 4-wire levels.
6,9,u,3,2,ch,2 2-wire mode
This selection switches the channel (ch) selected or all channels to
2-wire mode. In the 2-wire mode the channel automatically uses the
pre-set 2-wire levels.
When the remote control of the 2/4-wire mode has been activated (see
6,9,u,3,6,ch,8) the remote control selectionwill override the mode setting
made by command 6,9,u,3,2.
6,9,u,3,3 Modify 4-wire levels
This selection is used to set the levels used in the 4-wire mode.
The number of the channel is prompted for next.
1 ... 8 Channel
11 All channels
Select channel:
NOTE
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 31
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
By selecting 1...8, one of the eight channels is selected as the object of the
function. Selection 11 directs the setting modifications below this menu
branch simultaneously to all channels.
6,9,u,3,3,ch 4-wire levels
0 Display
1 Receive
2 Transmit
Modify levels:
Note, however that the range differs slightly fromthe level range given in
Technical Specifications and conforming to the ITU-T RecommendaĆ
tions (see Functional Description).
6,9,u,3,3,ch,0 4-wire levels, display
The selection displays the levels (dBr) used in the 4-wire mode on the
channel (ch) selected or on all channels. The response shows the levels of
both transmission directions. The transmission direction is defined with
respect to the 2 Mbit/s interface. Response example when the channel
(ch) selected is 3:
4-W
3.
Rx: Tx:
-4.0 +9.0
6,9,u,3,3,ch,1 4-wire levels, receive
The new level in dBr is prompted for next:
Give new level ?
The allowable level range is -15.0...8.0 dBr with 0.5 dB steps. If the user
enters a value which is outside the range, the level will be prompted for a
second time:
Range -15.0...+8.0
Step
0.5
Try again
6,9,u,3,3,ch,2 4-wire levels, transmit
The new level in dBr is prompted for next:
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 32
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
Give new level ?
The allowable level range is -11.0...+9.5 dBr with 0.5 dB steps. If the
user enters a value which is outside the range, the level will be prompted
for a second time:
Range -11.0...+9.5
Step
0.5
Try again
6,9,u,3,4 Modify 2-wire levels
This selection sets the levels used in the 2-wire mode. The program disĆ
plays the following menu:
0 Display
1 Receive
2 Transmit
Modify levels:
Note, however that the range differs slightly fromthe level range given in
Technical Specifications and conforming to the ITU-T RecommendaĆ
tions (see Functional Description).
6,9,u,3,4,ch,0 2-wire levels, display
The selection displays the levels (dBr) used in the 2-wire mode on the
channel (ch) selected or on all channels. The response shows the levels of
both transmission directions. The transmission direction is defined with
respect to the 2 Mbit/s interface. Response example when the channel
(ch) selected is 2:
2-W
2.
Rx: Tx:
-7.0 0.0
6,9,u,3,4,ch,1 2-wire levels, receive
The new level (in dBr) for the Rx direction is prompted for next:
Give new level ?
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 33
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
The allowable level range is -15.0...8.0 dBr with 0.5 dB steps. If the user
enters a value which is outside the range, the level will be prompted for a
second time:
Range -15.0...+8.0
Step
0.5
Try again
6,9,u,3,4,ch,2 2-wire levels, transmit
The new level (in dBr) for the Tx direction is prompted for next:
Give new level ?
The allowable level range is -13.0...7.0 dBr with 0.5 dB steps. If the user
enters a value which is outside the range, the level will be prompted for a
second time:
Range -13.0...+7.0
Step
0.5
Try again
6,9,u,3,5 2-wire balance impedance
The 2-wire balance impedance can be selected with a software setting.
The desired impedance is set by loading previously computed values to
the three registers of the codec/filter circuit (COMBO). The impedance
value can be modified by loading new values to the registers.
The software features eight pre-computed impedance alternatives and
one option to which a completely new impedance can be programmed
(coefficients). The program displays the menu:
0 Display
1
2
3
Display imped. param.
Select new imped.
Modify coeffic. param.
used imped.
2-w balance imped.:
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 34
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,5,0 Display used impedance
The selection displays the number (1...8 for a pre-computed impedance
or 11 for the coefficients) of the impedance used in the 2-wire mode.
In the following response example for TU 21236.01, channels 1...3 use
impedance 1 (600) in the 2-wire mode, whereas channels 4...8 use impeĆ
dance 2 (900).
Ch 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
6,9,u,3,5,1 Display impedance parameters
The selection displays the (three) impedance parameters.
The program prompts for the number of the impedance:
1 600
2
390 + (620 // 100 nF)
3
370 + (620 // 310 nF)
4
220 + (820 // 115 nF)
5
270 + (1200 // 120 nF)
6
Coefficients
7
8
11
900
600 + (620 // 35 nF)
600 + 0.5 uF
Select impedance:
6,9,u,3,5,1,g Display impedance parameters
Response example:
245 120 132
6,9,u,3,5,2 Select new impedance
The number of the channel is prompted for next.
11 All channels
Select channel:
1...8 Channel
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 35
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,5,2,ch Impedance selection
The selection displays a menu where the newimpedance can be selected:
1 600
2
390 + (620 // 100 nF)
3
370 + (620 // 310 nF)
4
220 + (820 // 115 nF)
5
270 + (1200 // 120 nF)
6
Coefficients
7
8
11
900
600 + (620 // 35 nF)
600 + 0.5 uF
Select new impedance:
6,9,u,3,5,2,ch,g Select new impedance g
After this selection, the impedance g (1...8 or 11) will be usedonthechanĆ
nel (ch) selected in 2-wire mode. Selections 1...8 are used to set the
impedance parameters that have been computed in advance, and selecĆ
tion 11 sets the impedance to conform to the parameters loaded for the
coefficients.
6,9,u,3,5,3 Modify coefficient parameters
This selection can be used to program those impedances which are not
included in the pre-computed alternatives to be the coefficient paraĆ
meters. The parameters are stored in the EEPROMmemory to allowthe
user tomodify them. The use of the selectionrequires that the user knows
the new parameters which can be computed using a separate computer
program.
The programprompts for the byte number of the impedance parameter:
Which byte 1...3 ?
6,9,u,3,5,3,b Load coefficient for byte b
The new value for the byte is prompted for next:
Give new value 0-255 ?
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 36
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,5,3,b,val New value
The byte b receives the value val.
Whenyou have loaded the parameters to be used as coefficients andwish
to use the coefficients as the impedance in 2-wire mode on the channel
(ch) selected, select (6,9,u,3,5,2,ch,11) after loading the parameters.
From then on the unit will use the parameters loaded as coefficients
whenever the channel (ch) selected is in 2-wire mode.
6,9,u,3,6 Signalling logic settings
The signalling logic canbeconfiguredseparately for eachof thesignalling
bits (a, b, c, d).
The program prompts for the channel number.
1 ... 8 Channel
11 All channels
Select channel:
By selecting 1...8, one of the eight channels is selected as the object of the
function. Selection 11 directs the setting modifications below this menu
branch simultaneously to all channels.
6,9,u,3,6,ch Signalling logic
0 Display
2
a-bit, send
3
b-bit, send 4
c-bit, send
5
b-bit, receive
6
M3 for 2/4w remote
7
8
1 a-bit, receive
c-bit, receive
d-bit, send
Signalling logic:
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 37
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,6,ch,0 Display signalling logic
The selection displays the currently active signalling logic settings for the
channel (ch) selected. Response example:
4.
a b c d 2/4
n/n i/n -/0 1 g:4w
Mnemonics used for signalling logic:
n - normal
i - inverted
o - set to open
g - set to ground
0 - set to 0
1 - set to 1
The response example indicates that:
h For the a-bit, the normal mode (n) has been set on in both the Rx
and the Tx direction (receive/transmit).
h For the b-bit, the inverted mode has been set on in the Rx direction
and normal mode in the Tx direction
h For the c-bit, usedby the unidirectional thirdsignalling channel, the
M-mode has been set on and constant 0 is sent to the 2M.
h For the d-bit, constant 1 is sent to the 2M.
h The remote control for the 2/4-wire mode is on, and ground on M3
selects the 4-wire mode.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,1 a-bit, receive
This selection sets the configuration for the receive direction of the first
signalling channel (from a-bit to E1 wire).
2
3 E const open
4 E const ground
1 2M->E normal
2M->E inverted
6,9,u,3,6,ch,1,1 2M->E normal
By selecting the mode "2M->Enormal", the "a=1" state in PCMchanĆ
nel associatedsignalling (TS16 signalling) will result inan"open" stateon
the E1 wire and the "a=0" state will result in a "ground" state on the E1
wire.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 38
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,6,ch,1,2 2M->E inverted
By selecting themode"2M->Einverted", the"a=1" stateinPCMchanĆ
nel associated signalling (TS16 signalling) will result in a "ground" state
onthe E1 wire andthe "a=0" state will result inan"open" state onthe E1
wire.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,1,3 E const open
By selecting the mode "E const open", the E1 wire is set to "open" state
regardless of the value of bit a.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,1,4 E const ground
By selecting the mode "E const ground", the E1 wire is set to "ground"
state regardless of the value of bit a.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,2 a-bit, send
This selection sets the configuration for the transmit direction of the first
signalling channel (from M1 wire to a-bit).
2
3 0 -> 2M
4 1 -> 2M
1 M->2M normal
M->2M inverted
6,9,u,3,6,ch,2,1 M->2M normal
By selecting the mode "M->2M normal", the "open" state on the M1
wire will result in an "a=1" state in PCM channel associated signalling
(TS16 signalling) and the "ground" state of the M1 wire will result in an
"a=0" state.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,2,2 M->2M inverted
By selecting the mode "M->2M inverted", the "open" state on the M1
wire will result in an "a=0" state in PCM channel associated signalling
(TS16 signalling) and the "ground" state on the M1 wire will result in an
"a=1" state.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 39
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,6,ch,2,3 0->2M
By selecting the mode "0->2M", the a-bit in PCM channel associated
signalling (TS16 signalling) is set to 0 regardless of the state on the M1
wire.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,2,4 1->2M
By selecting the mode "1->2M", the a-bit in PCM channel associated
signalling (TS16 signalling) is set to 1 regardless of the state on the M1
wire.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,3/4 b-bit, receive/send
The configuration of the b-bit/E2/M2 is similar to that of the a-bit.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,5/6 c-bit, receive/send
The configuration of the c-bit/E3/M3 is similar to that of the a-bit with
some exceptions:
h The thirdsignalling channel is unidirectional andthereforetheEand
Mmode cannot be simultaneously on, as is normal inthe case of the a
and b bit.
h When the E-mode is set on, the currently active M-mode (if any)
will be automatically set off, and vice versa.
h Additionally, when the 2/4-wire mode remote control by using the
M3 is set on (see below), then the active E-mode (if any) will autoĆ
matically be set off.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,7 d-bit, send
This selection sets the configuration for the transmit direction of the
fourth signalling channel (d-bit).
1
2
0 -> 2M
1 -> 2M
6,9,u,3,6,ch,7,1 0->2M
By selecting the mode "0->2M", the d-bit in PCM channel associated
signalling (TS16 signalling) is set to 0.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 40
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,6,ch,7,2 1->2M
By selecting mode "1->2M" the d-bit in PCM channel associated sigĆ
nalling (TS16 signalling) is set to 1.
Because the signalling logic is easy to configure, every possible code in
the range of 0000...1111 can be sent to the PCM signalling. Care must be
taken that the code 0000 (a=b=c=d=0) will never be sent, because this
code is specified as the multiframe alignment signal for the DM2-MUX
and may confuse the operation of the whole equipment.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,8 M3-wire for 2/4-wire mode remote control
This selection sets the configuration for the 2/4-wire remote control.
2/4w remote not used 1
M3->2/4w cont., g:4w 2
3 M3->2/4w cont., o:4w
6,9,u,3,6,ch,8,1 M3->2/4w remote control not used
This selection sets the remote control of the 2/4-wire mode off.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,8,2 M3 used for 2/4-wire remote control, ground is 4w
This selection enables the remote control of the 2/4-wire mode. An
"open" state on the M3 wire sets the unit to operate in the 2-wire mode
anda "ground" state onthe M3 wire sets the unit tooperate inthe 4-wire
mode.
6,9,u,3,6,ch,8,3 M3 used for 2/4-wire remote control, open is 4w
This selection enables the remote control of 2/4-wire mode. An "open"
state on the M3 wire sets the unit to operate in the 4-wire mode and a
"ground" state on the M3 wire sets the unit to operate in the 2-wire
mode.
When the remote control of the 2/4-wire mode has been activated the
remote control selection will override the mode setting made by comĆ
mand 6,9,u,3,2.
When remote control is taken off use, the wire mode must be set to right
value via menu option 6,9,u,3,2,ch,1-2.
NOTE
NOTE
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 41
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,7 Signalling filters
The incoming signalling and analogue detections can be filtered in the
unit. The filtering disables any changes until three successive samples
taken at 2 ms intervals have been the same. The incoming signalling is filĆ
tered at bit level.
Signalling filters:
1 Line code
2 Detections
6,9,u,3,7,1 Line code filter
0 Display
1 ON
2 OFF
Line code filter:
6,9,u,3,7,1,0 Display
The selection displays the state of the line code filter. If filtering is used,
the response is:
Line code filter ON
If filtering is not used, the response is:
Line code filter OFF
6,9,u,3,7,1,1 Line code filter on
This selection switches on the line code filter.
6,9,u,3,7,1,2 Line code filter off
This selection switches off the line code filter.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 42
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,7,2 Detections filter
0 Display
1 ON
2 OFF
Detections filter:
6,9,u,3,7,2,0 Display
The selection displays the state of the detections filter. If filtering is used,
the response is:
Det. filter: ON
If filtering is not used, the response is:
Det. filter: OFF
6,9,u,3,7,2,1 Detections filter on
This selection switches on the detections filter.
6,9,u,3,7,2,2 Detections filter off
This selection switches off the detections filter.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 43
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,3,8 Usage with LB unit
In local-battery applications, the E&Munit is used with an LBAdapter
Unit (TU 21254). In such cases, the signalling logic must be set to LB
mode to attain error-free operation.
Usage with LB-unit:
0 Display
1...8 Channel
11 All channels
6,9,u,3,8,0 Display
This selection shows the channels that currently use the LBmode signalĆ
ling. Response example:
norm norm LB LB
LB norm norm norm
6,9,u,3,8,ch Usage of LB mode
By selecting 1...8, the signalling mode of one of the eight channels is
selected. Selection11 performs the subsequent operationonall channels.
Usage with LB-unit:
1 ON
2 OFF
6,9,u,3,8,ch,1 LB mode on
This selectionsets the selectedchannel(s) to operate inthe LBmode (the
signalling is adjusted for the LB unit). Note that in the LB mode the sigĆ
nalling logic (6,9,u,3,6) for the selected channel(s) is reset to default and
cannot be changed.
6,9,u,3,8,ch,2 LB mode off
The selection cancels the LB mode.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 44
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,4 Fault consequences
This selection is used to specify the consequences of the following faults
and conditions:
2
Signalling in fault state
Fault consequences:
1 AIS in one channel
3
Loop to equipment
6,9,u,4,1 AIS in one channel
0 Display
1
2
3
AIS in one channel:
No alarms
B-alarm
A-alarm
6,9,u,4,1,0 Display
The selection displays the user-set consequence of a channel associated
line code error insignalling. The line code error may be AISinone signalĆ
ling time slot or freezing of the signalling by the MUX. Response
example:
B-alarm AIS in ch.:
6,9,u,4,1,1 No alarms
A channel associated line code error in signalling will not cause any
alarm.
6,9,u,4,1,2 A-alarm
Achannel associated line code error in signalling will cause an A-alarm.
6,9,u,4,1,3 B-alarm
A channel associated line code error in signalling will cause a B-alarm.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 45
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,4,2 Loop to equipment
0 Display
1
2
3
Loop to equipment:
No alarms
B-alarm
A-alarm
6,9,u,4,2,0 Display
The selection displays the alarmthat will be generated whenever the user
sets on a loop to equipment. Response example:
B-alarm Loop to equipment:
6,9,u,4,2,1 No alarms
A loop to equipment will not cause any alarm.
6,9,u,4,2,2 A-alarm
A loop to equipment will cause an A-alarm.
6,9,u,4,2,3 B-alarm
A loop to equipment will cause a B-alarm.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 46
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,4,3 Signalling in fault state
The program prompts for the channel number:
11 All channels
Select channel:
1...8 Channel
6,9,u,4,3,ch Specify signalling in fault state
0 Display
1 Detect AIS in one ch.
2 Freezing time
3 State of E-channels
Signalling in fault state:
6,9,u,4,3,ch,0 Display
The selection displays the user-set reaction resulting from erroneous
signalling. The fault may be AISinone time slot, disabling of signalling by
MUX, or an equipment failure. The following information is displayed
for the selected channel(s): detection of AIS (On/Off), freezing time in
seconds and state of E-channels after the freezing period if the fault did
not disappear in the course of the freezing. Response example:
1. On ;1.0s;E=ooo
6,9,u,4,3,ch,1 Detect AIS in one channel
Detect AIS:
1 ON
2 OFF
6,9,u,4,3,ch,1,1 On
The AIS signal in the received signalling (a=b=c=d = 1) will be interĆ
preted as an alarm signal.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 47
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,4,3,ch,1,2 Off
The AIS signal in the received signalling (a=b=c=d = 1) will be interĆ
preted as a normal signalling combination.
6,9,u,4,3,ch,2 Freezing time when AIS detected
1 0 s
2
3
4
Freezing time:
0.5 s
1.0 s
1.5 s
6,9,u,4,3,ch,2,t Freezing when AIS detected
When the unit detects a fault, the E1 and E2 are frozen to the state preĆ
ceding the fault. If the duration of the disturbance is shorter than the seĆ
lected freezing time, no alarm will be generated. This selection sets the
freezing time in seconds.
6,9,u,4,3,ch,3 E-channels in fault state
1 E1
2 E2
3 E3
E-channels in fault state:
If the disturbance does not disappear during the freezing time, then the
E-channels will be set to a pre-defined state.
6,9,u,4,3,ch,3,e Select state
Select state:
1 open
2 ground
If the disturbance does not disappear during the freezing time, then the
E-channel (e) will be set to the state selected.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 48
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,6 Time constants
1 Controls timeout
Time constants:
6,9,u,6,1 Timeout for controls
Controls timeout:
0 Display
1 Modify
6,9,u,6,1,0 Display
The selection displays the time after which the controls (5,9,u,...) will be
returned to normal.
6,9,u,6,1,1 Modify
The newtime-out for the controls is set here. The programprompts the
user to enter the time in seconds:
1...65534 sec
65535 no timeout
6,9,u,6,1,1,s Setting of permanent time constant
If the s is set to 65535, the controls will never be returned to normal. If the
s is given any other value in the specified range, the controls will be
returnedtonormal whens seconds have elapsedsince the changing of the
controls.
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 49
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
6,9,u,8 Read/load settings
0 Display setup ID
1 Read from Unit
2, * Load toUnit (*=<DATA>)
Read/load settings:
6,9,u,8,0 Display set-up ID
This selection displays the set-up IDof the unit. The IDis used to identĆ
ify units which require the same group of setĆup parameters to configure
them. This ID allows the reading of configuration parameters from one
unit and saving themto another one withthe same setĆupID. The set-up
ID for this unit is 302 ( 012Eh ). Response example:
302
6,9,u,8,1 Read from unit
This selection reads all the configuration information (settings) fromthe
unit and stores it in a buffer in the Service Terminal.
6,9,u,8,2,* Load to unit
This selection saves the configurationinformation(settings) storedinthe
buffer of the Service Terminal (see 6,9,u,8,1) to the unit. This will only
take place if the unit from which the settings were read has the same
setĆup ID as the unit into which the settings are to be saved.
The settings which will be transferred are the unit identifier (set with
selection 4,9,u,7,2) and all of the settings which are affected by the comĆ
mand Set default settings (6,9,u,1,9).
NOTE The asterisk (*) in the command sequence denotes the
<DATA>key on the Service Terminal (an inverse function of
the keyboard). Thus, the actual key sequence to select this
command is:
6,9,u,8,2,<INV><DATA><RET>
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 50
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
3.4 Measurements
7,9,u Unit measurements
1 Voltages
2 Line code
3 Signalling state
4 Detections
0 Channel faults
E&M/VF-P measurements:
7 Calibrate levels
All measurements are based on sampling at the measuring moment and,
consequently, short passing phenomena cannot reliably be detected in
conjunction with them.
7,9,u,0 Channel faults
The selection displays the currently active channel associated faults.
7,9,u,1 Voltages
1 -5 V
2 - 12 V
3 Battery
Voltages:
7,9,u,1,1 -5 V
0 Display
1 Calibrate
-5 V:
7,9,u,1,1,0 Display
The selection displays the current value of the -5 V voltage. Response
example:
-5.1 V
Voltage is :
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 51
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
7,9,u,1,1,1 Calibrate
The programprompts the user toenter the current value of the -5 VvoltĆ
age for the calibration of the measuring circuit:
voltage (mV)
without sign ?
Give measured
The voltage shall be enteredinunits of V/1000 without sign. For example,
-5.15 Vshould be entered as 5150. The valid input range is 4500 to 5500
(-4.5...-5.5 V).
7,9,u,1,2 -12 V
0 Display
1 Calibrate
-12 V:
7,9,u,1,2,0 Display
The selection displays the current value of the -12 V voltage. Response
example:
-12.0 V
Voltage is :
7,9,u,1,2,1 Calibrate
The program prompts the user to enter the current value of the -12 V
voltage for the calibration of the measuring circuit:
voltage (mV)
without sign ?
Give measured
The voltage shall be enteredinunits of V/1000 without sign. For example,
-11.9 V should be entered as 11900. The valid input range is 10800 to
13200 (-10.8...-13.2 V).
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 52
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
7,9,u,1,3 Battery
0 Display
1 Calibrate
Battery:
7,9,u,1,3,0 Display
The selection displays the current value of the Battery voltage. Response
example:
-48.2 V
Voltage is :
7,9,u,1,3,1 Calibrate
The program prompts the user to enter the current value of the Battery
voltage for the calibration of the measuring circuit:
voltage (mV)
without sign ?
Give measured
The voltage shall be enteredinunits of V/1000 without sign. For example,
-48.5 V should be entered as 48500. The valid input range is 36000 to
60000 (-36.0...-60.0 V).
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 53
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
7,9,u,2 Line code
The selection displays the receive and transmit line codes of all eight
channels. Response example:
1 1001
Ch Rx:abcd Tx:abcd
1001
2 1001 1001
3 1001 0001
4 1001 0001
5 1111 1001
6 1001 1001
7 1111 1001
8 1001 1001
7,9,u,3 State of signalling
1
2
Mnemonic
All states
State of signalling:
7,9,u,3,1 Mnemonic
The selection displays the signalling state of all eight channels. The most
common states have been assigned own codes, other states use code o.
Code Signalling state
r channel in use, normal operating state
f fault
l loop
q queueing for time slot
z channel not in use
o other state of speech channel
Response example:
Ch 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
r r r r z z f z
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 54
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
7,9,u,3,2 All states
The selection displays the signalling states of all eight channels. The
responseis givenas a numerical value. Thefunctionis intendedtobeused
in production testing only.
7,9,u,4 Detections
The selection displays the detection bits of all eight channels. Response
example:
1
2
3
4
:
:
:
:
5
6
7
8
:
:
:
:
1 1 1
0 0 1
1 1 1
1 1 1
1 0 1
1 1 1
1 1 1
1 1 1
This function is intended to be used in production testing.
7,9,u,7 Calibrate levels
First the channel number is prompted for. After the channel has been
selected the following menu will be displayed:
Calibrate levels:
1 2-w receive
2 2-w transmit
3 4-w receive
4 4-w transmit
This function allows for fine tuning of the receive and transmit levels (see
6,9,u,3,3and 6,9,u,3,4) to 0.1 dBresolution. An offset value in the range
+0.4...-0.4 dB (0.1 dB resolution) is prompted for:
Give difference of level (dB)?
If the user enters a value which is outside the range, the unit will display
the following error message:
Cal. term too big
24.5.1994
TU 21236.01
II/4
Page 55
Operation with Service Terminal
CHANNEL UNIT E&M/VF-P
TS 25360.01
3.5 Testing
9,9,u Unit testing
Read memory 8 bytes 2
E&M/VF-P testing:
9,9,u,2 Read memory 8 bytes
The program prompts for the memory address:
0...65535
Give address:
9,9,u,2,add Memory contents
The selection displays the contents of the memory location indicated by
the address add (in decimals) and of the seven subsequent memory locaĆ
tions. Response example:
123 45 0 4 23 167 54 242

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.