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[G.R. No. 34642. September 24, 1931.

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FABIOLA SEVERINO, accompanied by her husband RICARDO VERGARA, pain!i""s#appeees, $s%
G&ILLER'O SEVERINO E( AL%, de"endan!s% ENRI)&E EC*A&S, appean!%
R. Nepomuceno, for appellant.
Jacinto E. Ei!ente, for appellee".
S#$$%&'S
1. ()N*R%(*+ ()NS,-ER%*,)N+ S'RE*# )R G'%R%N*)R. . ,t i" not nece""ar/ t0at a "uret/ or
1uarantor "0oul! participate in t0e benefit 20ic0 con"titute" t0e con"i!eration a" bet2een t0e principal partie"
to t0e contract.
- E ( , S , ) N
S*REE*, J p3
*0i" action 2a" in"titute! in t0e (ourt of 4ir"t ,n"tance of t0e 5roince of ,loilo b/ 4abiola Seerino, 2it0 20om
i" 6oine! 0er 0u"ban! Ricar!o 7er1ara, for t0e purpo"e of recoerin1 t0e "um of 528,888 from Guillermo
Seerino an! Enri9ue Ec0au", t0e latter in t0e c0aracter of 1uarantor for t0e former. 'pon 0earin1 t0e cau"e
t0e trial court 1ae 6u!1ment in faor of t0e plaintiff:" to recoer t0e "um of 528,888 2it0 la2ful intere"t from
Noember 1;, 1929, t0e !ate of t0e filin1 of t0e complaint, 2it0 co"t". &ut it 2a" !eclare! t0at e<ecution of t0i"
6u!1ment "0oul! i""ue fir"t a1ain"t t0e propert/ of Guillermo Seerino, an! if no propert/ "0oul! be foun!
belon1in1 to "ai! !efen!ant "ufficient to "ati"f/ t0e 6u!1ment in 20ole or in part, e<ecution for t0e remain!er
"0oul! be i""ue! a1ain"t t0e propert/ of Enri9ue Ec0au" a" 1uarantor. 4rom t0i" 6u!1ment t0e !efen!ant
Ec0au" appeale!, but 0i" principal, Guillermo Seerino, !i! not.
*0e plaintiff 4abiola Seerino i" t0e reco1ni=e! natural !au10ter of >elecio Seerino, !ecea"e!, former
re"i!ent of )cci!ental Ne1ro". 'pon t0e !eat0 of >elecio Seerino a number of /ear" a1o, 0e left
con"i!erable propert/ an! liti1ation en"ue! bet2een 0i" 2i!o2, 4elicita" 7illanuea, an! 4abiola Seerino, on
t0e one part, an! ot0er 0eir" of t0e !ecea"e! on t0e ot0er part. ,n or!er to ma?e an en! of t0i" liti1ation a
compromi"e 2a" effecte! b/ 20ic0 Guillermo Seerino, a "on of >elecio Seerino, too? oer t0e propert/
pertainin1 to t0e e"tate of 0i" fat0er at t0e "ame time a1reein1 to pa/ 5188,888 to 4elicita" 7illanuea an!
4abiola Seerino. *0i" "um of mone/ 2a" ma!e pa/able, fir"t, 548,888 in ca"0 upon t0e e<ecution of t0e
!ocument of compromi"e, an! t0e balance in t0ree "eeral pa/ment" of 528,888 at t0e en! of one /ear, t2o
/ear", an! t0ree /ear" re"pectiel/. *o t0i" contract t0e appellant Enri9ue Ec0au" affi<e! 0i" name a"
1uarantor. *0e fir"t pa/ment of 548,888 2a" ma!e on Jul/ 11, 1924, t0e !ate 20en t0e contract of
compromi"e 2a" e<ecute!+ an! of t0i" amount t0e plaintiff 4abiola Seerino receie! t0e "um of 518,888. )f
t0e remainin1 568,888, all a" /et unpai!, 4abiola Seerino i" entitle! to t0e "um of 528,888.
,t appear" t0at at t0e time t0e compromi"e a1reement aboe@ mentione! 2a" e<ecute! 4abiola Seerino 0a!
not /et been 6u!iciall/ reco1ni=e! a" t0e natural !au10ter of >elecio Seerino, an! it 2a" "tipulate! t0at t0e
la"t 528,888 corre"pon!in1 to 4abiola an! t0e la"t 5;,888 corre"pon!in1 to 4elicita" 7illanuea "0oul! be
retaine! on !epo"it until t0e !efinite "tatu" of 4abiola Seerino a" natural !au10ter of >elecio Seerino "0oul!
be e"tabli"0e!. *0e 6u!icial !ecree to t0i" effect 2a" entere! in t0e (ourt of 4ir"t ,n"tance of )cci!ental
Ne1ro" on June 16, 192;, an! a" t0e mone/ 20ic0 2a" contemplate! to be 0el! in "u"pen"e 0a" neer in fact
been pai! to t0e partie" entitle! t0ereto, it re"ult" t0at t0e point re"pectin1 t0e !epo"it referre! to 0a" cea"e!
to be of moment.
*0e proof "0o2" t0at t0e mone/ claime! in t0i" action 0a" neer been pai! an! i" "till o2in1 to t0e plaintiff+
an! t0e onl/ !efen"e 2ort0 notin1 in t0i" !eci"ion i" t0e a""ertion on t0e part of Enri9ue Ec0au" t0at 0e
receie! not0in1 for affi<in1 0i" "i1nature a" 1uarantor to t0e contract 20ic0 i" t0e "ub6ect of "uit an! t0at in
effect t0e contract 2a" lac?in1 in con"i!eration a" to 0im.
*0e point i" not 2ell ta?en. % 1uarantor or "uret/ i" boun! b/ t0e "ame con"i!eration t0at ma?e" t0e contract
effectie bet2een t0e principal partie" t0ereto. A5/le ". Jo0n"on, 9 50il., 249.B *0e compromi"e an! !i"mi""al
of a la2"uit i" reco1ni=e! in la2 a" a aluable con"i!eration+ an! t0e !i"mi""al of t0e action 20ic0 4elicita"
7illanuea an! 4abiola Seerino 0a! in"titute! a1ain"t Guillermo Seerino 2a" an a!e9uate con"i!eration to
"upport t0e promi"e on t0e part of Guillermo Seerino to pa/ t0e "um" of mone/ "tipulate! in t0e contract
20ic0 i" t0e "ub6ect of t0i" action. *0e promi"e of t0e appellant Ec0au" a" 1uarantor i" t0erefore bin!in1. ,t i"
neer nece""ar/ t0at a 1uarantor or "uret/ "0oul! receie an/ part of t0e benefit, if "uc0 t0ere be, accruin1 to
0i" principal. &ut t0e true con"i!eration of t0i" contract 2a" t0e !etriment "uffere! b/t0e plaintiff" in t0e former
action in !i"mi""in1 t0at procee!in1, an!it i" immaterial t0at no benefit ma/ 0ae accrue! eit0er to t0e principal
or 0i" 1uarantor.
*0e 6u!1ment appeale! from i" in all re"pect" correct, an! t0e "ame 2ill be affirme!, 2it0 co"t" a1ain"t t0e
appellant. So or!ere!.
%anceCa, (.J., Jo0n"on, >alcolm, 7illamor, )"tran!, Romual!e=, 7illa@Real an! ,mperial, JJ., concur.