UTP (Unshielded twisted Pair) 25 pair cable colorcoding as is often used in telephony systems.

1 WHITE-BLUE BLUE-WHITE
2 WHITE-ORANGE ORANGE-WHITE
3 WHITE-GREEN GREEN-WHITE
4 WHITE-BROWN BROWN-WHITE
5 WHITE-GREY GREY-WHITE
RED-BLUE BLUE-RED
! RED-ORANGE ORANGE-RED
" RED-GREEN GREEN-RED
# RED-BROWN BROWN-RED
1$ RED-GREY GREY-RED
11 BLACK-BLUE BLUE-BLACK
12 BLACK-ORANGE ORANGE-BLACK
13 BLACK-GREEN GREEN-BLACK
14 BLACK-BROWN BROWN-BLACK
15 BLACK-GREY GREY-BLACK
1 YELLOW-BLUE BLUE-YELLOW
1!
YELLOW-
ORANGE
ORANGE-
YELLOW
1" YELLOW-GREEN GREEN-YELLOW
1#
YELLOW-
BROWN
BROWN-YELLOW
2$ YELLOW-GREY GREY-YELLOW
21 PURPLE-BLUE BLUE-PURPLE
22
PURPLE-
ORANGE
ORANGE-PURPLE
23 PURPLE-GREEN GREEN-PURPLE
24 PURPLE-BROWN BROWN-PURPLE
25 PURPLE-GREY GREY-PURPLE

T568A and T568B %iring and &'(45 connection layouts.
RJ-45 CONNECTOR T568A
RJ-45 CONNECTOR
T568B

RJ-45 CABLE (STRAIGHT)
RJ-45 CABLE
(CROSSED)
Uses 2 ) *5"+ connections
Use of 1 ) *5"+ and 1 )
*5", connection

TIA-568-A is a document- *5"+ is a .ac/ wiring pattern.
%hat a difference two letters and hyphens can ma/e(at a glance these terms loo/ so much ali/e
it0s easy to see how people can confuse them. ,ut it0s an important distinction. *1+(5"(+ is the
2ommercial ,uilding %iring 3tandard- *5"+ is one of two .ac/ wiring patterns which comply
with that standard (the other pattern is called *5",). 4or more information on wiring patterns5
see page 2(#5 4igure 2(#. *he U.3. 6o7ernment re8uires the use of the preferred *5"+ standard
for wiring done under federal contracts.

*5"+ and *5", are the two wiring standards for an "(position modular connector5 permitted
under the *1+9:1+(5"(+ wiring standards document. *he only difference between *5"+ and
*5", is that the orange and green wire pairs (pairs two and three) are interchanged.

;ere0s the cabling for telephone5 or <ocal*al/ o7er Phone=et5 on a two(pair &'(11. *elephone
uses the innermost two wires for line 1. *he outermost two wires are line 25 or used for Phone=et.


*5"(+ *5"(,
13>= e8uipment ? wires 3 @ and 4 @ 5


CROSS Ca!" #$%$n& d$a&%a'(

STRAIGHT Ca!" #$%$n& d$a&%a'(


N")#*%+ Ca!",
;ow do i ma/e a networ/ cable for an ethernet networ/ A
• %hat is usually meant is in wich order you ha7e to put the " wires of the cable into the
connectors A
• *here is no short answer to this 8uestion5 there is much more to tell around these simple
little cables.

T-" N")#*%+ Ca!"(
4irst the cable itself. 1t is not enough .ust to twist " wires5 wrapping an e)tra isolation around and
you are ready. 4orget it BB
;ere we are tal/ing about U*P(cable (Unshielded *wisted Pair).
Unshielded5 because this cable is not5 li/e the 2C+D cables that where used for networ/s in the
past and still is used as antenna cable5 shielded.
*hat EshieldE in these cables is a metal protection5 that shields the wires inside for the radiation
(so called E4araday cageE).
*wisted Pair because the " wires that are twisted around in pairs of two.
*he 4 EpairsE are twisted again on their turn.
*he following colors are used in pairs? C&+=6:9C&+=6:(%;1*:5 6&::=96&::=(%;1*:5
,<U:9,<U:(%;1*: en ,&C%=9,&C%=(%;1*:.
*here are different categories of U*P cables. %e d0ont gonna tal/ about the older types5 they are
nearly not more a7ailable on the mar/et.
%e start therefore by 2+* 5. 1n most cases 2+* 5 U*P cable is more than sufficient5 only if you
need e)treme long cables you can use 2+* or 2+* !.
+n o7er7iew?
CATEGORY 'a.$'/' !"n&)-
CAT 5 011 '")"%
CAT 5" 251 '")"%
CAT 6 551 '")"%
CAT 3 311 '")"%

*he &'(plug *he crimp tool

A,,"'!4 (
Push the " wires from the U*P(2able in the &'(plug.
%ith a special crimp tool5 crimp the wires in the &'(plug5 and the cable and plug are secure. *he
crimp tool pushes the contacts in the wires and crimps the end notch in the cable to secure them.
3uch a crimp tool is a7ailable for about 3$ F.
*he &'(plug and the cable
%e /now what we need. =ow we can put the plugs on the cable. ,ut in what order we ha7e to put
them in the plug A
*his depends on the /ind of cable you want to ma/e?
S)%a$&-) )-%/5 you want to connect a few pc0s with each other by
means of a cable on an ;U, (or 3%1*2; or a &CU*:&).

2rosso7er5 you want to connect 2 pc0s straight with each other5
without a ;U, (3%1*2; or &CU*:&).
Gou also need a Ecrosso7erE(cable for a straight connection
between a &CU*:& and a pc.

4or these two types of cable5 " wires should be placed in different
order in the &'45 connectors.

Cb7iously there is again a standard for this5 there are e7en two?
4rom the order of the wires in the plug Gou can see what standard
is in use. Personally5 1 always use the 5", standard for normal
(straight thru) networ/ cables. 1n the :uropean 2ommunity this is
more or less the standard. +nd it0s most widely used by cable
manufacturers.

+ networ/cable in fact only uses 4 wires?
*hese are the pins? 15 25 3 and . *he other wires d0ont do
anything BB

*hat0s not completely true5 surely by longer cables5 because5
certainly in the longer cables the other wires are twisted together
for good suppression of interferences. *herefore5 it is also
important to place the wires according to any one of the standards
in the plugs.

=ow we can ma/e a cable. 4irst5 the first connector5 the wires
should be placed in the following order (5", standard)?
;ere0s another four images of a EnormalE U*P plugBB
*hen slide the eight wires in the &'45 connector and using the
crimping tool you crimp the &'45 plug on to the U*P cable.


UTP 5a)6--+a"!
=aming?
U*P
3traight
*hru Patch
cord

3tandard?
3tandard
:1+9*1+
*5",

+lternatif names?
+*@*
specificati
on. (Used
to be
named
25"+.)

La4*/) (6!$5 $, *n )-" /nd"%,$d")
Pin 1? %;1*:(C&+=6: (*)>ata
H)
Pin 2? C&+=6: (*)>ata ()
Pin 3? %;1*:(6&::= (&ec7>ata
H)
Pin 4? ,<U:
Pin 5? %;1*:(,<U:
Pin ? 6&::= (&ec7>ata ()
Pin !? %;1*:(,&C%=
Pin "? ,&C%=
Pins 1 and 2 form a pair (*ransmit
data) and pins 3 and form another
pair (&ecei7e data).

UTP 6%*,,-6a!"
=aming? U*P 2ross(cable cord
La4*/) (6!$5 $, *n )-" /nd"%,$d")
S$d" 0
pin 1? %;1*:(C&+=6: (*)>ata
H)
pin 2? C&+=6: (*)>ata ()
pin 3? %;1*:(6&::= (&ec7>ata
H)
pin 4? ,<U:
pin 5? %;1*:(,<U:
pin ? 6&::= (&ec7>ata ()
pin !? %;1*:(,&C%=
pin "? ,&C%=
S$d" 7
pin 1? %;1*:(6&::=
pin 2? 6&::=
pin 3? %;1*:(C&+=6:
pin 4? ,<U:
pin 5? %;1*:(,<U:
pin ? C&+=6:
pin !? %;1*:(,&C%=
pin "? ,&C%=

S5"6$8$6 Ca!$n&
Use of pairs


T-" /,"d 5a$%", (and a,,*6$a)"d 5$n9,) 8%*' ,*'" )45", *8 ,6-"'",(
Ca!")45" U,"d 5a$%, A,,*6$a)"d 5$n9,
+*I 155Ibps pair 2 and 4 pin0s 1(25 !("
:thernet 1$,ase(* pair 2 and 3 pin0s 1(25 3(
:thernet 1$$,ase(*4 pair 2 and 3 (4*H) pin0s 1(25 3(
:thernet 1$$,ase(*" pair 15253 and 4 pin0s 4(55 1(25 3(5 !("
*o/en(&ing pair 1 and 3 pin0s 4(55 3(
*P(PI> pair 2 and 4 pin0s 1(25 !("
1$$J6(+ny<+= pair 15253 and 4 pin0s 4(55 1(25 3(5 !("
3hort e)planation?
1f there is stated that pairs 2 and 4 are used5 there has to be read 4 wires and pin0s. *hese pin0s are
mentioned per pair (e). pin 1 and 25 pin ! and "5 get mentioned li/e 1(25 !(").

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